keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mesolimbic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922639/mesolimbic-leptin-signaling-negatively-regulates-cocaine-conditioned-reward
#1
M Shen, C Jiang, P Liu, F Wang, L Ma
The regulatory mechanisms underlying the response to addictive drugs are complex, and increasing evidence indicates that there is a role for appetite-regulating pathways in substance abuse. Leptin, an important adipose hormone that regulates energy balance and appetite, exerts its physiological functions via leptin receptors. However, the role of leptin signaling in regulating the response to cocaine remains unclear. Here we examined the potential role of leptin signaling in cocaine reward using a conditioned place preference (CPP) procedure...
December 6, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920146/selectivity-in-post-encoding-connectivity-with-high-level-visual-cortex-is-associated-with-reward-motivated-memory
#2
Vishnu P Murty, Alexa Tompary, R Alison Adcock, Lila Davachi
: Reward motivation has been demonstrated to enhance declarative memory by facilitating systems level consolidation. While high reward information is often intermixed with lower reward information during an experience, memory for those experiences prioritizes high value information. How is this selectivity achieved? One possibility is that post-encoding consolidation processes bias memory strengthening to those representations associated with higher reward. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the influence of differential reward motivation on the selectivity of post-encoding markers of systems-level memory consolidation...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917106/reward-sensitivity-enhances-ventrolateral-prefrontal-cortex-activation-during-free-choice
#3
Catherine Cho, David V Smith, Mauricio R Delgado
Expressing one's preference via choice can be rewarding, particularly when decisions are voluntarily made as opposed to being forced. An open question is whether engaging in choices involving rewards recruits distinct neural systems as a function of sensitivity to reward. Reward sensitivity is a trait partly influenced by the mesolimbic dopamine system, which can impact an individual's neural and behavioral response to reward cues. Here, we investigated how reward sensitivity contributes to neural activity associated with free and forced choices...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909152/involvement-of-mesolimbic-dopaminergic-network-in-neuropathic-pain-relief-by-treadmill-exercise-a-study-for-specific-neural-control-with-gi-dreadd-in-mice
#4
Kenta Wakaizumi, Takashige Kondo, Yusuke Hamada, Michiko Narita, Rui Kawabe, Hiroki Narita, Moe Watanabe, Shigeki Kato, Emiko Senba, Kazuto Kobayashi, Naoko Kuzumaki, Akihiro Yamanaka, Hiroshi Morisaki, Minoru Narita
BACKGROUND: Exercise alleviates pain and it is a central component of treatment strategy for chronic pain in clinical setting. However, little is known about mechanism of this exercise-induced hypoalgesia. The mesolimbic dopaminergic network plays a role in positive emotions to rewards including motivation and pleasure. Pain negatively modulates these emotions, but appropriate exercise is considered to activate the dopaminergic network. We investigated possible involvement of this network as a mechanism of exercise-induced hypoalgesia...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908749/a-new-role-for-gabaergic-transmission-in-the-control-of-male-rat-sexual-behavior-expression
#5
Gabriela Rodríguez-Manzo, Ana Canseco-Alba
GABAergic transmission in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) exerts a tonic inhibitory influence on mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons' activity. Blockade of VTA GABAA receptors increases dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc). Increases in NAcc dopamine levels typically accompany sexual behavior display. Copulation to satiety is characterized by the instatement of a long lasting (72h) sexual behavior inhibition and the mesolimbic system appears to be involved in this phenomenon. GABAergic transmission in the VTA might play a role in the maintenance of this long lasting sexual inhibitory state...
November 28, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889491/pramipexole-enhances-disadvantageous-decision-making-lack-of-relation-to-changes-in-phasic-dopamine-release
#6
Romina Pes, Sean C Godar, Andrew T Fox, Lauren M Burgeno, Hunter J Strathman, David P Jarmolowicz, Paola Devoto, Beth Levant, Paul E Phillips, Stephen C Fowler, Marco Bortolato
Pramipexole (PPX) is a high-affinity D2-like dopamine receptor agonist, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) and restless leg syndrome. Recent evidence indicates that PPX increases the risk of problem gambling and impulse-control disorders in vulnerable patients. Although the molecular bases of these complications remain unclear, several authors have theorized that PPX may increase risk propensity by activating presynaptic dopamine receptors in the mesolimbic system, resulting in the reduction of dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc)...
November 23, 2016: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876640/physiological-state-tunes-mesolimbic-signaling-lessons-from-sodium-appetite-and-inspiration-from-randall-r-sakai
#7
REVIEW
Samantha M Fortin, Mitchell F Roitman
Sodium deficit poses a life-threatening challenge to body fluid homeostasis and generates a sodium appetite - the behavioral drive to ingest sodium. Dr. Randall R. Sakai greatly contributed to our understanding of the hormonal responses to negative sodium balance and to the central processing of these signals. Reactivity to the taste of sodium solutions and the motivation to seek and consume sodium changes dramatically with body fluid balance. Here, we review studies that collectively suggest that sodium deficit recruits the mesolimbic system to play a role in the behavioral expression of sodium appetite...
November 19, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872581/a-trigger-for-opioid-misuse-chronic-pain-and-stress-dysregulate-the-mesolimbic-pathway-and-kappa-opioid-system
#8
REVIEW
Nicolas Massaly, Jose A Morón, Ream Al-Hasani
Pain and stress are protective mechanisms essential in avoiding harmful or threatening stimuli and ensuring survival. Despite these beneficial roles, chronic exposure to either pain or stress can lead to maladaptive hormonal and neuronal modulations that can result in chronic pain and a wide spectrum of stress-related disorders including anxiety and depression. By inducing allostatic changes in the mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway, both chronic pain and stress disorders affect the rewarding values of both natural reinforcers, such as food or social interaction, and drugs of abuse...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870436/stress-sex-and-motivated-behaviors
#9
REVIEW
Abigail Laman-Maharg, Brian C Trainor
Stress is a major risk factor for development of psychiatric disorders such as depression and development of substance use disorder. Although there are important sex differences in the prevalence of these disorders, most preclinical models used to study stress-induced disorders have used males only. Social defeat stress is a commonly used method to induce stress in an ethologically relevant way but has only recently begun to be used in female rodents. Using these new female models, recent studies have examined how social defeat stress affects males and females differently at the behavioral, circuit, and molecular levels...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861638/propagated-but-topologically-distributed-forebrain-neurons-expressing-alpha-synuclein-in-aged-macaques
#10
Katsuo Kimura, Ken-Ichi Inoue, Yoshiyuki Kuroiwa, Fumiaki Tanaka, Masahiko Takada
In neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), alpha-synuclein (α-syn) accumulates to induce cell death and/or form a cytoplasmic inclusion called Lewy body (LB). This α-syn-related pathology is termed synucleinopathy. It remains unclear how α-syn accumulation expands during the progress of synucleinopathy in the human brain. In our study, we investigated the patterns of distribution and propagation of forebrain neurons expressing α-syn in aged macaques. It was found that the occurrence of α-syn-positive neurons proceeded topologically based on the midbrain dopamine pathways arising from the substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area where they were primarily observed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856203/intra-vta-anandamide-infusion-produces-dose-based-biphasic-effects-on-male-rat-sexual-behavior-expression
#11
Ana Canseco-Alba, Gabriela Rodríguez-Manzo
Sexual behavior is a natural reward and the mesolimbic (MSL) system is involved in the processing of its motivational component and reinforcing properties. Endocannabinoids control rewarding behaviors through the modulation of MSL system's activity. The endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA), systemically administered, produces dose-based, biphasic effects on male rat copulation, facilitating its expression at low doses in both, sexually experienced and sexually exhausted male rats. We hypothesized that AEA's sexual facilitative effects might be exerted at the MSL circuit...
November 14, 2016: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845765/intranasal-oxytocin-enhances-connectivity-in-the-neural-circuitry-supporting-social-motivation-and-social-perception-in-children-with-autism
#12
Ilanit Gordon, Allison Jack, Charlotte M Pretzsch, Brent Vander Wyk, James F Leckman, Ruth Feldman, Kevin A Pelphrey
Oxytocin (OT) has become a focus in investigations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The social deficits that characterize ASD may relate to reduced connectivity between brain sites on the mesolimbic reward pathway (nucleus accumbens; amygdala) that receive OT projections and contribute to social motivation, and cortical sites involved in social perception. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging and a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled crossover design, we show that OT administration in ASD increases activity in brain regions important for perceiving social-emotional information...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826069/the-impact-of-chronic-stress-during-adolescence-on-the-development-of-aggressive-behavior-a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-the-dopaminergic-system-in-rodents
#13
REVIEW
Jorim J Tielbeek, Zeineb Al-Itejawi, Josjan Zijlmans, Tinca Jc Polderman, Joshua W Buckholtz, Arne Popma
Pathological aggression, frequently observed in psychiatric patients and criminal subjects, poses a major burden on the health care and criminal justice system, necessitating better aetiological models to inform targets for prevention and intervention. Emerging evidence suggests that adverse experiences during development can cause long-lasting brain alterations associated with maladaptive behaviors, such as aggression. The present review discusses, mainly based on studies in rodents, whether disruption of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system through chronic stress-exposure during adolescence predisposes to adult aggression...
November 5, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815417/dopamine-d1-and-d3-receptors-modulate-heroin-induced-cognitive-impairment-through-opponent-actions-in-mice
#14
Yongsheng Zhu, Yunpeng Wang, Jianghua Lai, Shuguang Wei, Hongbo Zhang, Peng Yan, Yunxiao Li, Xiaomeng Qiao, Fangyuan Yin
BACKGROUND: Chronic abuse of heroin leads to long-lasting and complicated cognitive impairment. Dopamine receptors are critically involved in the impulsive drug-driven behaviour and the altered attention, processing speed and mental flexibility that are associated with higher relapse rates. However, the effects of the different dopamine receptors and their possible involvement in heroin-induced cognitive impairment remain unclear. METHODS: The 5-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT) was used to investigate the profiles of heroin-induced cognitive impairment in mice...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806864/reward-based-spatial-learning-in-teens-with-bulimia-nervosa
#15
Marilyn Cyr, Zhishun Wang, Gregory Z Tau, Guihu Zhao, Eve Friedl, Mihaela Stefan, Kate Terranova, Rachel Marsh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the functioning of mesolimbic and fronto-striatal areas involved in reward-based spatial learning in teenaged girls with bulimia nervosa (BN) that might be involved in the development and maintenance of maladaptive behaviors characteristic of the disorder. METHOD: We compared functional magnetic resonance imaging blood oxygen level-dependent response in 27 adolescent girls with BN to that of 27 healthy, age-matched control participants during a reward-based learning task that required learning to use extra-maze cues to navigate a virtual 8-arm radial maze to find hidden rewards...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799544/neural-correlates-of-specific-musical-anhedonia
#16
Noelia Martínez-Molina, Ernest Mas-Herrero, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Robert J Zatorre, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Although music is ubiquitous in human societies, there are some people for whom music holds no reward value despite normal perceptual ability and preserved reward-related responses in other domains. The study of these individuals with specific musical anhedonia may be crucial to understand better the neural correlates underlying musical reward. Previous neuroimaging studies have shown that musically induced pleasure may arise from the interaction between auditory cortical networks and mesolimbic reward networks...
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798131/cocaine-exposure-enhances-the-activity-of-ventral-tegmental-area-dopamine-neurons-via-calcium-impermeable-nmdars
#17
Meaghan Creed, Jennifer Kaufling, Giulia R Fois, Marion Jalabert, Tifei Yuan, Christian Lüscher, Francois Georges, Camilla Bellone
: Potentiation of excitatory inputs onto dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) induced by cocaine exposure allows remodeling of the mesocorticolimbic circuitry, which ultimately drives drug-adaptive behavior. This potentiation is mediated by changes in NMDAR and AMPAR subunit composition. It remains unknown how this synaptic plasticity affects the activity of dopamine neurons. Here, using rodents, we demonstrate that a single cocaine injection increases the firing rate and bursting activity of VTA dopamine neurons, and that these increases persist for 7 d...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793700/suppressive-regulation-of-lateral-inhibition-between-medium-spiny-neurons-via-dopamine-d1-receptors-in-the-rat-nucleus-accumbens-shell
#18
Shuntaro Kohnomi, Katsuko Ebihara, Masayuki Kobayashi
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell is closely associated with reward, psychiatric disorders (depression or schizophrenia), and drug abuse. Dopamine, released from the ventral tegmental area, is involved in these physiological functions and pathophysiological changes of NAc shell. Medium spiny neurons (MSNs), which are only GABAergic projection neurons in NAc, also innervate adjacent MSNs, forming the lateral inhibition network. Previous studies demonstrate that dopamine suppresses the lateral inhibition via D2-like (D2 and D3) receptors...
October 25, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790823/the-new-designer-drug-buphedrone-produces-rewarding-properties-via-dopamine-d1-receptor-activation
#19
Ji-Hwan Oh, Ji-Young Hwang, Sa-Ik Hong, Shi-Xun Ma, Jee-Yeon Seo, Seok-Yong Lee, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Choon-Gon Jang
Substituted cathinones are synthetic analogs of the active components of natural products and are widely abused worldwide. However, the rewarding properties of these agents have not yet been evaluated. In this study, we investigated the abuse potential of buphedrone [2-(methylamino)-1-phenylbutan-1-one, α-methylamino-butyrophenone] and its effects on the mesolimbic dopaminergic system in mice using conditioned place preference (CPP) analysis, a self-administration test, a locomotor activity test, a behavioral sensitization test and Western blot analysis...
October 27, 2016: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755520/-the-kynurenic-acid-hypothesis-a-new-look-at-etiopathogenesis-and-treatment-of-schizophrenia
#20
Marta Flis, Kinga Szymona, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Anna Urbańska, Paweł Krukow, Martyna Kandefer-Szerszeń, Barbara Zdzisińska, Ewa M Urbańska, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
Kynurenic acid (KYNA) is a neuroactive metabolite of tryptophan formed in the brain and in the periphery, known to block ionotropic glutamate receptors and α7 nicotinic receptors, and to act as a ligand of G protein-coupled GPR35 receptors and human aryl hydrocarbon (AHR) receptors. KYNA seems to modulate a number of mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia including dopaminergic transmission in mesolimbic and mesocortical areas or glutamatemediated neurotransmission. The kynurenine hypothesis of schizophrenia links the occurrence of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia and cognitive impairments characteristic for the disease with the disturbances of kynurenine pathway function...
September 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
keyword
keyword
37305
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"