keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

conditioned preference

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342128/the-effect-of-emulsion-intensity-on-selected-sensory-and-instrumental-texture-properties-of-full-fat-mayonnaise
#1
Viktoria Olsson, Andreas Håkansson, Jeanette Purhagen, Karin Wendin
Varying processing conditions can strongly affect the microstructure of mayonnaise, opening up new applications for the creation of products tailored to meet different consumer preferences. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of emulsification intensity on sensory and instrumental characteristics of full-fat mayonnaise. Mayonnaise, based on a standard recipe, was processed at low and high emulsification intensities, with selected sensory and instrumental properties then evaluated using an analytical panel and a back extrusion method...
January 17, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341906/lateralization-of-mother-infant-interactions-in-wild-horses
#2
Karina Karenina, Andrey Giljov, Yegor Malashichev
The manifestation of behavioural lateralization has been shown to be modified by environmental conditions, life experiences, and selective breeding. This study tests whether the lateralization recently found in feral domestic horse (Equus caballus) is evident in undomesticated horses. Mother-offspring interactions were investigated in Przewalski's horse (E. ferus przewalskii) living in their natural habitat in Mongolia. Lateral position preferences during mare-foal spontaneous reunions were used as a behavioural marker of visual lateralization...
January 13, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341327/involvement-of-the-dorsal-hippocampus-in-expression-and-extinction-of-cocaine-induced-conditioned-place-preference
#3
Leah N Hitchcock, K Matthew Lattal
A key aspect of substance abuse is that drug taking often occurs in a specific context. As a consequence, exposure to drug-associated contexts can trigger cravings and relapse, even after long periods of abstinence. Although many studies have demonstrated that the hippocampus is critical for developing and retrieving contextual and spatial memories, comparatively little is known about the role of the hippocampus in acquiring and inhibiting memories involving contexts and drugs of abuse. We examined the effects of hippocampal inactivation on expression of cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) after initial acquisition or extinction of CPP in C57BL/6 mice...
January 17, 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340722/new-frontiers-and-cutting-edge-applications-in-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-through-latest-generation-superficially-porous-particles-with-particular-emphasis-to-the-field-of-chiral-separations
#4
Martina Catani, Simona Felletti, Omar H Ismail, Francesco Gasparrini, Luisa Pasti, Nicola Marchetti, Chiara De Luca, Valentina Costa, Alberto Cavazzini
About ten years after their introduction to the market (happened in 2006), the so-called second generation superficially porous particles (SPPs) have undoubtedly become the benchmark as well as, very often, the preferred choice for many applications in liquid chromatography (LC), when high efficiency and fast separations are required. This trend has interested practically all kinds of separations, with the only exception of chiral chromatography (at least so far). The technology of production of base SPPs is advanced, relatively simple and widely available...
January 16, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339576/a-thermodynamics-model-for-morphology-prediction-of-aluminum-nano-crystals-fabricated-by-inert-gas-condensation-method
#5
Yu Wen, Dehong Xia
The purpose of this study is to provide scientific guidance for morphological control of nanoparticle synthesis by gas phase method. A universal thermodynamics model is developed to predict morphology of nanoparticles fabricated by inert gas condensation method. By the use of the model, morphologies of aluminum nanocrystals are predicted under various preparation conditions. There are two kinds of energies that determine the formation of nanoparticles morphology jointly, which are Gibbs free energy for nanoparticles and energy variation during the process...
January 17, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339005/effects-of-exercise-and-enrichment-on-behaviour-in-cd-1-mice
#6
Amiirah B Aujnarain, Owen D Luo, Natalie Taylor, Jonathan K Y Lai, Jane A Foster
A host of scholarly work has characterized the positive effects of exercise and environmental enrichment on behaviour and cognition in animal studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the uptake and longitudinal impact of exercise and enrichment on the behavioural phenotype of male and female CD-1 mice. CD-1 mice housed in standard (STD) or exercise and enrichment (EE) conditions post-weaning were tested in the 3-chamber sociability test, open field, and elevated plus maze and exercise activity was monitored throughout the enrichment protocol...
January 12, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338674/would-you-be-willing-to-zap-your-child-s-brain-public-perspectives-on-parental-responsibilities-and-the-ethics-of-enhancing-children-with-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation
#7
Katy Wagner, Hannah Maslen, Justin Oakley, Julian Savulescu
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is an experimental brain stimulation technology that may one day be used to enhance the cognitive capacities of children. Discussion about the ethical issues that this would raise has rarely moved beyond expert circles. However, the opinions of the wider public can lead to more democratic policy decisions and broaden academic discussion of this issue. METHODS: We performed a quantitative survey of members of the US public...
January 17, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337840/targeted-temperature-management-at-33%C3%A2-c-or-36%C3%A2-c-produces-equivalent-neuroprotective-effects-in-the-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-rat-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#8
Jung Ho Lee, Jisoo Lim, Yong Eun Chung, Sung Phil Chung, Incheol Park, Chul Hoon Kim, Je Sung You
Targeted temperature management (TTM, 32°C to 36°C) is one of the most successful achievements in modern resuscitation medicine. It has become standard treatment for survivors of sudden cardiac arrest to minimize secondary brain damage. TTM at 36°C is just as effective as TTM at 33°C and is actually preferred because it reduces adverse TTM-associated effects. TTM also likely has direct neuroprotective effects in ischemic brains in danger of stroke. It remains unclear, however, whether higher temperature TTM is equally effective in protecting the brain from the effects of stroke...
January 15, 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337083/palmitoylethanolamide-attenuates-cocaine-induced-behavioral-sensitization-and-conditioned-place-preference-in-mice
#9
Emma Zambrana-Infantes, Cristina Rosell Del Valle, David Ladrón de Guevara-Miranda, Pablo Galeano, Estela Castilla-Ortega, Fernando Rodríguez De Fonseca, Eduardo Blanco, Luis Javier Santín
Cocaine addiction is a chronically relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviors. Previous studies have demonstrated that cocaine, as well as other drugs of abuse, alters the levels of lipid-based signaling molecules, such as N-acylethanolamines (NAEs). Moreover, brain levels of NAEs have shown sensitivity to cocaine self-administration and extinction training in rodents. Given this background, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of repeated or acute administration of palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), an endogenous NAE, on psychomotor sensitization and cocaine-induced contextual conditioning...
January 11, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336223/assessment-of-safety-culture-among-job-positions-in-high-rise-construction-a-hybrid-fuzzy-multi-criteria-decision-making-fmcdm-approach
#10
A Ardeshir, M Mohajeri
The construction industry is known as one of the most dangerous industries, which not only requires sound operation of executive laws and regulations, but also necessitates the safety culture of all workers at workshops. Therefore, the aim of this research is to identify the factors of safety culture and ranking occupations in jobsites based on those factors in order to proactively improve the safety culture of construction projects and subsequently promote safety conditions and worksites. In this study, safety culture criteria are weighted by a combination of Fuzzy Decision Trail and Evaluation Laboratory and Fuzzy ANP methods...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336211/the-effect-of-altering-loading-distance-on-skeleton-start-performance-is-higher-pre-load-velocity-always-beneficial
#11
Steffi L Colyer, Keith A Stokes, James L J Bilzon, Danny Holdcroft, Aki I T Salo
Athletes initiating skeleton runs differ in the number of steps taken before loading the sled. We aimed to understand how experimentally modifying loading distance influenced sled velocity and overall start performance. Ten athletes (five elite, five talent; 67% of all national athletes) underwent two to four sessions, consisting of two dry-land push-starts in each of three conditions (preferred, long and short loading distances). A magnet encoder on the sled wheel provided velocity profiles and the overall performance measure (sled acceleration index)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335831/quality-of-inter-hospital-transportation-in-431-transport-survivor-patients-suffering-from-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-referred-to-specialist-centers
#12
Sebastian Blecha, Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Susanne Brandstetter, Magdalena Brandl, Michael Dittmar, Bernhard M Graf, Christian Karagiannidis, Christian Apfelbacher, Thomas Bein
BACKGROUND: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition. In special situations, these critically ill patients must be transferred to specialized centers for escalating treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of inter-hospital transport (IHT) of ARDS patients. METHODS: We evaluated medical and organizational aspects of structural and procedural quality relating to IHT of patients with ARDS in a prospective nationwide ARDS study...
January 15, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335017/effect-of-laparoscopy-by-single-port-endoscopic-access-in-benign-adnexal-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Andy Schmitt, Patrice Crochet, Karine Baumstark, Claire Tourette, Sabine Poizac, Audrey Pivano, Léon Boubli, Ludovic Cravello, Aubert Agostini
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has become the preferred surgical approach due to a reduction in postoperative pain, better recovery, shorter hospitalization, and improved esthetic outcomes. Laparoscopic surgery with single-port laparoscopy (SPL) is a laparoscopic surgery technique that is based on making a single parietal incision using a single trocar specifically designed to allow introduction of several instruments. The level of evidence regarding the advantages of SPL in terms of postoperative pain has remained low despite several randomized studies...
January 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334728/changing-treatment-paradigms-for-the-management-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#14
REVIEW
Jong Pil Im, Byong Duk Ye, You Sun Kim, Joo Sung Kim
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and progressive inf lammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract causing bowel damage, hospitalizations, surgeries, and disability. Although there has been much progress in the management of IBD with established and evolving therapies, most current approaches have failed to change the natural course. Therefore, the treatment approach and follow-up of patients with IBD have undergone a significant change. Usage of immunosuppressants and/or biologics early during the course of the disease, known as top-down or accelerated step-up approach, was shown to be superior to conventional management in patients who had been recently diagnosed with IBD...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332996/optimal-population-and-exhaustible-resource-constraints
#15
Nicholas Lawson, Dean Spears
A large literature considers the optimal size and growth rate of the human population, trading off the utility value of additional people with the costs of a larger population. In this literature, an important parameter is the social weight placed on population size; a standard result is that a planner with a larger weight on population chooses larger population levels and growth rates. We demonstrate that this result is conditionally overturned when an exhaustible resource constraint is introduced: if the discount rate is small enough, the optimal population today decreases with the welfare weight on population size...
January 2018: Journal of Population Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332229/sociability-modifies-dogs-sensitivity-to-biological-motion-of-different-social-relevance
#16
Yuko Ishikawa, Daniel Mills, Alexander Willmott, David Mullineaux, Kun Guo
Preferential attention to living creatures is believed to be an intrinsic capacity of the visual system of several species, with perception of biological motion often studied and, in humans, it correlates with social cognitive performance. Although domestic dogs are exceptionally attentive to human social cues, it is unknown whether their sociability is associated with sensitivity to conspecific and heterospecific biological motion cues of different social relevance. We recorded video clips of point-light displays depicting a human or dog walking in either frontal or lateral view...
January 13, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331628/getting-into-the-swing-of-things-an-investigation-into-rhythmic-unimanual-coordination-in-typically-developing-children
#17
David Gaul, Johann Issartel
Unimanual coordination is a vital component of everyday life and underpins successful engagement of many activities of daily living and physical activity participation. The ability to coordinate with environmental stimuli has been extensively studied in adults in a variety of situations. However, we know little about these processes in children and even less about how these processes change as age increases. This paper examines children's performance in a rhythmic unimanual coordination task using a handheld pendulum...
January 10, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331556/polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-definition-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management
#18
REVIEW
Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Timothy Y Y Lai, Paisan Ruamviboonsuk, Shih-Jen Chen, Youxin Chen, K Bailey Freund, Fomi Gomi, Adrian H Koh, Won-Ki Lee, Tien Yin Wong
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is an age-related macular degeneration (AMD) subtype and is seen particularly in Asians. Previous studies have suggested disparity in response to intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents between PCV and typical AMD, and thus, the preferred treatment for PCV has remained unclear. Recent research has provided novel insights into the pathogenesis of PCV, and imaging studies based on OCT suggest that PCV belongs to a spectrum of conditions characterized by pachychoroid, in which disturbance in the choroidal circulation seems to be central to its pathogenesis...
January 10, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331546/clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-aua-astro-suo-guideline-part-ii-recommended-approaches-and-details-of-specific-care-options
#19
Martin G Sanda, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Erin Kirkby, Ronald C Chen, Tony Crispino, Joann Fontanarosa, Stephen J Freedland, Kirsten Greene, Laurence H Klotz, Danil V Makarov, Joel B Nelson, George Rodrigues, Howard M Sandler, Mary Ellen Taplin, Jonathan R Treadwell
PURPOSE: This guideline is structured to provide a clinical framework stratified by cancer severity to facilitate care decisions and guide the specifics of implementing the selected management options. The summary presented herein represents Part II of the two-part series dedicated to Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline discussing risk stratification and care options by cancer severity. Please refer to Part I for discussion of specific care options and outcome expectations and management...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330745/-treatment-of-rotational-malalignment-of-the-lower-leg
#20
REVIEW
P Keppler
BACKGROUND: Rotational malalignment after intramedullary nailing of tibial shaft fractures is not uncommon. In-toeing and out-toeing conditions in children are often the reason for orthopedic and traumatological medical consultation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of diagnostic modalities and therapeutic options for rotational malalignment in relationship to the patient's age. Surgical indications and efficacy of specific surgical techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic literature search in the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI) and MEDLINE and evaluation of the currently published articles...
January 12, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
keyword
keyword
37301
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"