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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812845/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-evidence-utilization-for-health-policy-making-on-the-basis-of-support-tools-in-a-developing-country
#1
Mohammad Hasan Imani-Nasab, Hesam Seyedin, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: SUPPORT tools consist of 18 articles addressing the health policy-makers so that they can learn how to make evidence-informed health policies. These tools have been particularly recommended for developing countries. The present study tries to explain the process of evidence utilization for developing policy documents in the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) and to compare the findings with those of SUPPORT tools. METHODS: A qualitative research was conducted, using the framework analysis approach...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811944/successful-resuscitation-of-a-patient-with-life-threatening-metabolic-acidosis-by-hemodialysis-a-case-of-ethylene-glycol-intoxication
#2
Ikuyo Narita, Michiko Shimada, Norio Nakamura, Reiichi Murakami, Takeshi Fujita, Wakako Fukuda, Hirofumi Tomita
BACKGROUND: Ethylene glycol intoxication causes severe metabolic acidosis and acute kidney injury. Fomepizole has become available as its antidote. Nevertheless, a prompt diagnosis is not easy because patients are often unconscious. Here we present a case of ethylene glycol intoxication who successfully recovered with prompt hemodialysis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old Japanese male was admitted to a local hospital due to suspected food poisoning. The patient presented with nausea and vomiting, but his condition rapidly deteriorated, with worsening conscious level, respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation, hypotension, and severe acute kidney injury...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811905/surgical-sympathectomy-for-buerger-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Daniel G Cacione, Daniel H Moreno, Luis Cu Nakano, José Cc Baptista-Silva
Buerger's disease is characterized by recurring progressive inflammation and occlusions in small and medium arteries and veins of the limbs. Its cause is unknown, but it is most common in young men with a history of tobacco use. It is responsible for ischemic ulcers and extreme pain in the hands and feet. In many cases, notably in patients with the most severe presentations, there is no possibility of improving the condition with surgery (limb revascularisation), and therefore, alternative therapies (e.g. sympathectomy) is used...
August 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811890/beyond-temperature-coupling-effects-of-temperature-on-ectotherm-signaling-and-mate-choice-and-the-implications-for%C3%A2-communication-in-multispecies-assemblages
#4
Laurel B Symes, Rafael L Rodríguez, Gerlinde Höbel
Many organisms share communication channels, generating complex signaling environments that increase the risk of signal interference. Variation in abiotic conditions, such as temperature, may further exacerbate signal interference, particularly in ectotherms. We tested the effects of temperature on the pulse rate of male signals in a community of Oecanthus tree crickets, and for one focal species we also assessed its effect on female pulse rate preferences and motivation to seek mates. We confirm prior findings of temperature-dependent signals that result in increasing signal similarity at lower temperatures...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811779/effect-of-exercise-and-morphine-on-psychological-and-physical-dependencies-bdnf-and-trkb-gene-expression-in-rat-s-hippocampus
#5
Mojtaba Naghshvarian, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast, Shahram Ejtemaei Mehr, Mohammad Mehdi Ommati, Seyedeh Fatemeh Sajjadi
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of exercise and morphine on abstinence syndrome and hippocampal gene expression in rat model. METHODS: Thirty adult male rats were exposed to voluntary wheel exercise (low, medium, high) for 28 days. The subjects entered Conditioned Place Preference (CPP) apparatus and experienced morphine (low, medium, high) CPP and followed by naloxone test. Correlation between exercise level, morphine injection, concurrent morphine administration and exercise with morphine CPP, BDNF and TrkB genes was determined...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811669/paraventricular-thalamic-control-of-food-intake-and-reward-role-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-signaling
#6
Zhi Yi Ong, Jing-Jing Liu, Zhiping P Pang, Harvey J Grill
Paraventricular thalamic nucleus (PVT) neurons receive hindbrain and hypothalamic inputs, and project to forebrain sites involved in reward and motivation function. The role of PVT in energy balance and reward control is however understudied. Given that PVT neurons express glucagon-like peptide-1 receptors (GLP-1R), which are critical to feeding and body weight control, we tested the hypothesis that PVT GLP-1R signaling contributes to food intake and reward inhibition. To assess the hypothesis, behavioral tests including chow and high-fat diet intake, meal patterns, conditioned place preference for high-fat food, cue-induced reinstatement of sucrose-seeking, and motivation to work for sucrose were employed following intra-PVT delivery of either GLP-1R agonist, exendin-4 (Ex4), or GLP-1R antagonist, exendin-9-39 (Ex9)...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811180/development-of-an-opioid-self-administration-assay-to-study-drug-seeking-in-zebrafish
#7
Gabriel D Bossé, Randall T Peterson
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) has become an excellent tool to study mental health disorders, due to its physiological and genetic similarity to humans, ease of genetic manipulation, and feasibility of small molecule screening. Zebrafish have been shown to exhibit characteristics of addiction to drugs of abuse in non-contingent assays, including conditioned place preference, but contingent assays have been limited to a single assay for alcohol consumption. Using inexpensive electronic, mechanical, and optical components, we developed an automated opioid self-administration assay for zebrafish, enabling us to measure drug seeking and gain insight into the underlying biological pathways...
August 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810914/eliciting-meta-consent-for-future-secondary-research-use-of-health-data-using-a-smartphone-application-a-proof-of-concept-study-in-the-danish-population
#8
Thomas Ploug, Søren Holm
BACKGROUND: The increased use of information technology in every day health care creates vast amounts of stored health data that can be used for research. The secondary research use of routinely collected data raises questions about appropriate consent mechanisms for such use. One option is meta consent where individuals state their own consent preferences in relation to future use of their data, e.g. whether they want the data to be accessible to researchers under conditions of specific consent, broad consent, blanket consent or not at all...
August 15, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810866/the-development-of-an-ivermectin-based-attractive-toxic-sugar-bait-atsb-to-target-anopheles-arabiensis
#9
Frank Chelestino Tenywa, Athumani Kambagha, Adam Saddler, Marta Ferreira Maia
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa are moving towards malaria-elimination, mostly thanks to successful vector control campaigns. However, elimination has proven challenging, resulting in the persistence of malaria transmission. It is now accepted that in order to eliminate malaria, new complementary vector control approaches must be developed. This study describes the development of a sugar-baited resting place containing a toxic dose of ivermectin for the control of Anopheles arabiensis...
August 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810413/negotiations-between-health-and-social-goals-over-the-lifespan-the-role-of-future-time-perspective
#10
Kin-Kit Li
The interplay between health and social goals in relation to age and future time perspective was examined among 131 older and 131 younger adults via surveys and future time manipulations (limited, unchanged, and expansive). Being older was associated with weaker physical activity intentions and social activity intentions as mediated by a limited future time perspective. Physical activity intentions decreased in the limited condition and increased in the expansive condition, social activity intentions increased in all conditions, and preference toward health (over social) goals decreased in both the limited and expansive conditions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810385/is-a-general-or-specific-exercise-recommendation-more-effective-for-promoting-physical-activity-among-postpartum-mothers
#11
Emily L Mailey, Wei-Wen Hsu
This comparative effectiveness trial examined the effects of a behavior change intervention supplemented by a general or specific exercise recommendation on physical activity among postpartum mothers. Participants ( N = 49) attended three workshop sessions that provided the exercise recommendation and taught self-regulatory skills. Physical activity, self-efficacy, planning, and barriers were assessed at baseline, post-intervention, and 6-month follow-up. Self-reported physical activity increased significantly in both groups ( p < ...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809816/modeling-the-non-equilibrium-process-of-the-chemical-adsorption-of-ammonia-on-gan-0001-reconstructed-surfaces-based-on-steepest-entropy-ascent-quantum-thermodynamics
#12
Akira Kusaba, Guanchen Li, Michael R von Spakovsky, Yoshihiro Kangawa, Koichi Kakimoto
Clearly understanding elementary growth processes that depend on surface reconstruction is essential to controlling vapor-phase epitaxy more precisely. In this study, ammonia chemical adsorption on GaN(0001) reconstructed surfaces under metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) conditions (3Ga-H and Nad-H + Ga-H on a 2 × 2 unit cell) is investigated using steepest-entropy-ascent quantum thermodynamics (SEAQT). SEAQT is a thermodynamic-ensemble based, first-principles framework that can predict the behavior of non-equilibrium processes, even those far from equilibrium where the state evolution is a combination of reversible and irreversible dynamics...
August 15, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809623/how-to-choose-between-the-implant-materials-steel-and-titanium-in-orthopedic-trauma-surgery-part-2-biological-aspects
#13
S M Perren, P Regazzoni, A A Fernandez
BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF STEEL AND TITANIUM AS IMPLANT MATERIAL IN ORTHOPEDIC TRAUMA SURGERY The following case from the ICUC database, where a titanium plate was implanted into a flourishing infection, represents the clinical experience leading to preferring titanium over steel. (Fig. 1) (6). Current opinions regarding biological aspects of implant function. The "street" opinions regarding the biological aspects of the use of steel versus titanium as a surgical trauma implant material differ widely. Statements of opinion leaders range from "I do not see any difference in the biological behavior between steel and titanium in clinical application" to "I successfully use titanium implants in infected areas in a situation where steel would act as foreign body "sustaining" infection...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808651/evaluation-of-acute-aortic-dissection-type-a-factors-and-comparison-the-postoperative-clinical-outcomes-between-two-surgical-methods
#14
Hasan Shemirani, Amir Mirmohamadsadeghi, Behzad Mahaki, Sadaf Farhadi, Reza Mohseni Badalabadi, Peyman Bidram, Mehdi Mohseni Badalabadi
BACKGROUND: Although aortic dissection is a rare disease, it causes high level of mortality. If ascending aorta gets involved in this disease, it is known as type A. According to small number of studies about this disease in Iran, this study conducted to detect the factors related to acute aortic dissection type A, its surgery consequences and the factors affecting them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this historical cohort study, all patients having acute aortic dissection type A referring to Chamran Hospital from 2006 to 2012 were studied...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808030/oxytocin-enforced-norm-compliance-reduces-xenophobic-outgroup-rejection
#15
Nina Marsh, Dirk Scheele, Justin S Feinstein, Holger Gerhardt, Sabrina Strang, Wolfgang Maier, René Hurlemann
Never before have individuals had to adapt to social environments defined by such magnitudes of ethnic diversity and cultural differentiation. However, neurobiological evidence informing about strategies to reduce xenophobic sentiment and foster altruistic cooperation with outsiders is scarce. In a series of experiments settled in the context of the current refugee crisis, we tested the propensity of 183 Caucasian participants to make donations to people in need, half of whom were refugees (outgroup) and half of whom were natives (ingroup)...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807162/chinese-herbal-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-drug-addiction
#16
Weili Zhu, Yinan Zhang, Yingjie Huang, Lin Lu
This chapter summarizes recent developments in preclinical and clinical research on Chinese herbal medicines and their neurochemical mechanism of action for the treatment of drug addiction. We searched Chinese and English scientific literature and selected several kinds of Chinese herbal medicines that have beneficial effects on drug addiction. Ginseng (Renshen) may be clinically useful for the prevention of opioid abuse and dependence. Rhizoma Corydalis (Yanhusuo) may be used to prevent relapse to chronic drug dependence...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806923/historical-biogeography-and-ecological-niche-modelling-of-the-asimina-disepalum-clade-annonaceae-role-of-ecological-differentiation-in-neotropical-asian-disjunctions-and-diversification-in-asia
#17
Pui-Sze Li, Daniel C Thomas, Richard M K Saunders
BACKGROUND: The Asimina-Disepalum clade (Annonaceae subfam. Annonoideae tribe Annoneae) includes a major Neotropical-Asian biogeographical disjunction. We evaluate whether this disjunction can be explained by the Eocene boreotropics hypothesis, which relies on the existence of extensive boreotropical forests during the Late Palaeocene-Early Eocene thermal maximum (52-50 Ma), followed by disruption of boreotropical vegetation during post-Eocene cooling. Molecular dating using an uncorrelated relaxed molecular clock (UCLD) model with two fossil calibrations, ancestral range estimation, and ecological niche modelling across evolutionary time were performed...
August 14, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806764/do-labeled-versus-unlabeled-treatments-of-alternatives-names-influence-stated-choice-outputs-results-from-a-mode-choice-study
#18
Wen Jin, Hai Jiang, Yimin Liu, Erica Klampfl
Discrete choice experiments have been widely applied to elicit behavioral preferences in the literature. In many of these experiments, the alternatives are named alternatives, meaning that they are naturally associated with specific names. For example, in a mode choice study, the alternatives can be associated with names such as car, taxi, bus, and subway. A fundamental issue that arises in stated choice experiments is whether to treat the alternatives' names as labels (that is, labeled treatment), or as attributes (that is, unlabeled treatment) in the design as well as the presentation phases of the choice sets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806376/classification-of-the-residual-cranial-defects-and-selection-of-reconstruction-materials
#19
Nanda Kishore Sahoo, Mohan Rangan N, Kapil Tomar, Sudarshan Bhat
The cranial defects are complex in nature and are due to various causes. Therefore, there is a need for a common term of reference to these defects. This requirement stood as a prime reason for proposing a classification system for cranial defects. The classification is based on 2 decades of experience in cranioplasty. This efficient and simple way of representation would fill the existing lacunae for a systematic communication on cranial defects. Over the ages the evolution of reconstruction and grafting had undergone a massive progress...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806209/refractory-intracranial-hypertension-the-role-of-decompressive-craniectomy
#20
Martin Smith
Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) is associated with worse outcomes after acute brain injury, and clinical guidelines advocate early treatment of intracranial hypertension. ICP-lowering therapies are usually administered in a stepwise manner, starting with safer first-line interventions, while reserving higher-risk options for patients with intractable intracranial hypertension. Decompressive craniectomy is a surgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed and the underlying dura opened to reduce brain swelling-related raised ICP; it can be performed as a primary or secondary procedure...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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