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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813010/characterization-of-breakfast-cereals-available-in-the-mexican-market-sodium-and-sugar-content
#1
Claudia Nieto, Sofia Rincon-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Angela Carriedo, Simón Barquera
Preschool Mexican children consume 7% of their total energy intake from processed breakfast cereals. This study characterized the nutritional quality and labelling (claims and Guideline Daily Amount (GDA)) of the packaged breakfast cereals available in the Mexican market. Photographs of all breakfast cereals available in the 9 main food retail chains in the country were taken. The nutrition quality of cereals was assessed using the United Kingdom Nutrient Profiling Model (UKNPM). Claims were classified using the International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) taxonomy and the GDA was defined according to the Mexican regulation, NOM-051...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813008/dietary-fructose-enhances-the-ability-of-low-concentrations-of-angiotensin-ii-to-stimulate-proximal-tubule-na%C3%A2-%C2%BA-reabsorption
#2
Agustin Gonzalez-Vicente, Pablo D Cabral, Nancy J Hong, Jessica Asirwatham, Nianxin Yang, Jessica M Berthiaume, Fernando P Dominici, Jeffrey L Garvin
Fructose-enriched diets cause salt-sensitive hypertension. Proximal tubules (PTs) reabsorb 70% of the water and salt filtered through the glomerulus. Angiotensin II (Ang II) regulates this process. Normally, dietary salt reduces Ang II allowing the kidney to excrete more salt, thereby preventing hypertension. We hypothesized that fructose-enriched diets enhance the ability of low concentrations of Ang II to stimulate PT transport. We measured the effects of a low concentration of Ang II (10(-12) mol/L) on transport-related oxygen consumption (QO₂), and Na/K-ATPase and Na/H-exchange (NHE) activities and expression in PTs from rats consuming tap water (Control) or 20% fructose (FRUC)...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812931/advocacy-and-public-policy-perceptions-and-involvement-of-master-certified-health-education-specialists
#3
Dianne L Kerr, Emily Van Wasshenova, Rachel Mahas, F Jeannine Everhart, Amy Thompson, Debra Boardley
Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHES; n = 186) participated in a mail survey on advocacy and public policy. Over half of participants reported that they had contacted a public official or provided policy-related information to consumers or other professionals. Participants identified barriers and benefits to influencing public policy. The greatest benefit was identified as improving the health or welfare of the public while the greatest barrier was that they were busy with other priorities. Participants also described their level of involvement, knowledge, training in advocacy, and their self-efficacy in performing various advocacy activities...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812908/a-quantitative-assessment-of-the-risk-of-human-salmonellosis-arising-from-the-consumption-of-pecans-in-the-united-states
#4
Sofia M Santillana Farakos, Régis Pouillot, Rhoma Johnson, Judith Spungen, Insook Son, Nathan Anderson, Gordon R Davidson, Jane M Van Doren
A quantitative risk assessment was conducted to assess the risk of human salmonellosis acquired from consumption of pecans in the United States. The model considered the potential for Salmonella survival, growth, and recontamination of pecans from the sheller to the consumer, including steps such as immersion in water, drying, conditioning, cracking, partitioning, and storage. Five theoretical microbial reduction treatment levels (1 to 5 log CFU) were modeled. Data from the 2010 to 2013 surveys by the National Pecan Shellers Association were used for initial prevalence and contamination levels...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812844/clinician-perspectives-of-barriers-to-effective-implementation-of-a-rapid-response-system-in-an-academic-health-centre-a-focus-group-study
#5
John Rihari-Thomas, Michelle DiGiacomo, Jane Phillips, Phillip Newton, Patricia M Davidson
BACKGROUND: Systemic and structural issues of rapid response system (RRS) models can hinder implementation. This study sought to understand the ways in which acute care clinicians (physicians and nurses) experience and negotiate care for deteriorating patients within the RRS. METHODS: Physicians and nurses working within an Australian academic health centre within a jurisdictional-based model of clinical governance participated in focus group interviews. Verbatim transcripts were analysed using thematic content analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812578/throw-caution-to-the-wind-is-refeeding-syndrome-really-a-cause-of-death-in-acute-care
#6
K L Matthews, S M Capra, M A Palmer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Refeeding syndrome (RFS), a life-threatening medical condition, is commonly associated with acute or chronic starvation. While the prevalence of patients at risk of RFS in hospital reportedly ranges from 0 to 80%, the prevalence and types of patients who die as a result of RFS is unknown. We aimed to measure the prevalence rate and examine the case histories of patients who passed away with RFS listed as a cause of death. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Patients were eligible for inclusion provided their death occurred within a Queensland hospital...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812571/identifying-species-threat-hotspots-from-global-supply-chains
#7
Daniel Moran, Keiichiro Kanemoto
Identifying hotspots of species threat has been a successful approach for setting conservation priorities. One important challenge in conservation is that, in many hotspots, export industries continue to drive overexploitation. Conservation measures must consider not just the point of impact, but also the consumer demand that ultimately drives resource use. To understand which species threat hotspots are driven by which consumers, we have developed a new approach to link a set of biodiversity footprint accounts to the hotspots of threatened species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species...
January 4, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812537/leveraging-network-analytics-to-infer-patient-syndrome-and-identify-causal-genes-in-rare-disease-cases
#8
Andreas Krämer, Sohela Shah, Robert Anthony Rebres, Susan Tang, Daniel Rene Richards
BACKGROUND: Next-generation sequencing is widely used to identify disease-causing variants in patients with rare genetic disorders. Identifying those variants from whole-genome or exome data can be both scientifically challenging and time consuming. A significant amount of time is spent on variant annotation, and interpretation. Fully or partly automated solutions are therefore needed to streamline and scale this process. RESULTS: We describe Phenotype Driven Ranking (PDR), an algorithm integrated into Ingenuity Variant Analysis, that uses observed patient phenotypes to prioritize diseases and genes in order to expedite causal-variant discovery...
August 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812446/higher-dietary-intake-of-vitamin-d-may-influence-total-cholesterol-and-carbohydrate-profile-independent-of-body-composition-in-men-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Christopher Beal, Ashraf Gorgey, Pamela Moore, Nathan Wong, Robert A Adler, David Gater
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control design. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of dietary vitamin D intake on insulin sensitivity (Si), glucose effectiveness (Sg), and lipid profile in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: 20 male, paraplegic (T3-L1) with chronic (> one year) motor complete SCI (AIS A or B) were recruited. Three-day dietary records were analyzed for dietary vitamin D (calciferol), and participants were assigned to one of two groups, a high vitamin D intake group and a low vitamin D intake group based on the mid-point of vitamin D frequency distribution...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812308/transcriptional-regulation-of-the-protein-kinase-a-subunits-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-during-fermentative-growth
#10
Fiorella Galello, Constanza Pautasso, Sol Reca, Luciana Cañonero, Paula Portela, Silvia Moreno, Silvia Rossi
Yeast cells can adapt their growth in response to the nutritional environment. Glucose is the favorite carbon source of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that prefers a fermentative metabolism despite the presence of oxygen. When glucose is consumed, the cell switches to the aerobic metabolism of ethanol, during the so-called diauxic shift. The difference between fermentative and aerobic growth is in part mediated by a regulatory mechanism called glucose repression. During glucose derepression a profound gene transcriptional reprogramming occurs and genes involved in the utilization of alternative carbon sources are expressed...
August 15, 2017: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812228/e-commerce-review-system-to-detect-false-reviews
#11
Manjur Kolhar
E-commerce sites have been doing profitable business since their induction in high-speed and secured networks. Moreover, they continue to influence consumers through various methods. One of the most effective methods is the e-commerce review rating system, in which consumers provide review ratings for the products used. However, almost all e-commerce review rating systems are unable to provide cumulative review ratings. Furthermore, review ratings are influenced by positive and negative malicious feedback ratings, collectively called false reviews...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812222/ethics-and-phishing-experiments
#12
David B Resnik, Peter R Finn
Phishing is a fraudulent form of email that solicits personal or financial information from the recipient, such as a password, username, or social security or bank account number. The scammer may use the illicitly obtained information to steal the victim's money or identity or sell the information to another party. The direct costs of phishing on consumers are exceptionally high and have risen substantially over the past 12 years. Phishing experiments that simulate real world conditions can provide cybersecurity experts with valuable knowledge they can use to develop effective countermeasures and prevent people from being duped by phishing emails...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812147/can-polyp-detection-rate-be-used-prospectively-as-a-marker-of-adenoma-detection-rate
#13
Brent Murchie, Kanwarpreet Tandon, Shamiq Zackria, Steven D Wexner, Colin O'Rourke, Fernando J Castro
BACKGROUND: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a quality indicator for screening colonoscopy, but its calculation is time-consuming. Polyp detection rate (PDR) has been found to correlate with ADR; however, its use as a quality indicator has been criticized out of concern for endoscopists artificially inflating the PDR. We aim to evaluate whether active monitoring affects PDR. METHODS: In March 2015, 14 endoscopists were made aware that their personal PDRs would be tracked monthly as a quality improvement project...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812106/-costs-associated-with-multiresistant-bacteria-in-neurorehabilitation
#14
REVIEW
Robin Roukens, Frank Lauster, Maria Bara, Bernd Eifert, Dietrich Willemsen, Thomas Randall, Jürgen Herzog, Constanze Wendt, Tobias Schmidt-Wilcke, Stefan Knecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The number of patients with multiresistant bacteria (MRB) in rehabilitation facilities is increasing. The increasing costs of hygienic isolation measures reduce resources available for core rehabilitation services. In addition to the existing lack of care, patients with MRB are at further risk of being given lower priority for admission to rehabilitation facilities. Therefore, the Hygiene Commission of the German Society for Neurorehabilitation (DGNR) attempted to quantify the overall risk for deterioration of rehabilitation care due to the financial burden of MRB...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811882/seasonal-changes-in-leaf-chemistry-and-leaf-selection-of-the-japanese-giant-flying-squirrel-upon-two-tree-species
#15
Mutsumi Ito, Noriko Tamura, Fumio Hayashi
Tree leaves are important food sources for arboreal herbivores, such as primates, rodents, and marsupials. These animals do not eat leaves randomly in habitats with many tree species but rather choose based on the chemical components of leaves, such as sugars, fibers, proteins, and toxins. However, the effects of the microscale distribution of these chemicals within each leaf have not been examined for these animals. The giant flying squirrels Petaurista leucogenys are entirely arboreal, nocturnal herbivores, usually feeding on leaves and dropping leaf debris on the ground after partially consuming them...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811750/availability-of-a-sports-dietitian-may-lead-to-improved-performance-and-recovery-of-ncaa-division-i-baseball-athletes
#16
Michael V Hull, Jonathan Neddo, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to survey dietary habits (DH) and nutrient timing (NT) practices of baseball student-athletes (mean ± SD; 20.7 ± 1.4 yr.) from three NCAA Division I institutions, and examine the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) in regard to nutrition practices. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and Pearson X(2) analyses were run. Responses on 10 DH and 5 NT items differed (p ≤ 0.10) between athletes who sought dietary planning from a SD (n = 36) versus those who consulted a strength and conditioning coach (SCC, n = 42)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811735/asian-american-dietary-sources-of-sodium-and-salt-behaviors-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups-nhanes-2011-2012
#17
Melanie J Firestone, Jeannette M Beasley, Simona C Kwon, Jiyoung Ahn, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi
OBJECTIVE: Asian Americans consume more sodium than other racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this analysis was to describe major sources of sodium intake to inform sodium reduction initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on adults (aged >18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012 with one 24-hour dietary recall were analyzed (n=5,076). Population proportions were calculated from "What We Eat in America" (WWEIA) food categories...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811653/meal-timing-effects-on-insulin-sensitivity-and-intrahepatic-triglycerides-during-weight-loss
#18
R I Versteeg, M T Ackermans, A J Nederveen, E Fliers, M J Serlie, S E la Fleur
BACKGROUND: Several human and rodent studies suggest that in addition to the amount of energy consumed, timing of food intake contributes to body weight regulation. Consuming most energy in the morning has favorable effects on weight loss and weight maintenance. Whether this also affects glucose metabolism and liver fat independently from weight loss is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that during weight loss, consuming most energy in the morning improves insulin sensitivity and reduces hepatic fat content more than consuming most energy in the evening...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811602/identification-of-ciguatoxins-in-a-shark-involved-in-a-fatal-food-poisoning-in-the-indian-ocean
#19
Jorge Diogène, Laia Reverté, Maria Rambla-Alegre, Vanessa Del Río, Pablo de la Iglesia, Mònica Campàs, Oscar Palacios, Cintia Flores, Josep Caixach, Christian Ralijaona, Iony Razanajatovo, Agathe Pirog, Hélène Magalon, Nathalie Arnich, Jean Turquet
Severe food poisoning events after the consumption of sharks have been reported since the 1940s; however, there has been no clear understanding of their cause. Herein, we report for the first time the presence of ciguatoxins (CTXs) in sharks. The identification by mass spectrometry of CTXs, including two new analogues, in a bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) that was consumed by humans, causing the poisoning and death of 11 people in Madagascar in 2013 is described. Typical neurotoxic ciguatera symptoms were recorded in patients, and toxicological assays on extracts of the shark demonstrated CTX-like activity...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811592/high-performance-therapeutic-quercetin-doped-adhesive-for-adhesive-dentin-interfaces
#20
Hongye Yang, Kang Li, Huiyi Yan, Siying Liu, Yake Wang, Cui Huang
Almost half of dental restorations have failed in less than 10 years, and approximately 60% of practice time has been consumed to replace these dental restorations. As such, contemporary dentin adhesives should be modified to treat secondary caries and prevent the degradation of adhesive-dentin interfaces. To achieve this goal, we developed a versatile therapeutic adhesive in the present study by incorporating quercetin, which is a naturally derived plant extract, into a commercial adhesive at three concentrations (100, 500 and 1000 µg/mL)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
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