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Electronic data capture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632533/investigation-of-two-prototypes-of-novel-noncontact-technologies-for-automated-real-time-capture-of-incremental-drug-administration-data-from-syringes
#1
Benjamin Eagle, David J Williams, John Dingley
BACKGROUND: An ideal electronic anesthesia recording system would be capable of not only recording physiological data but also injectable drug doses given, including those given incrementally from one syringe, without recourse to manual data entry. We compared 2 prototype devices which wirelessly recognized individual syringes and measured changes in their plunger positions via 2 different optical noncontact means, allowing calculation of incremental drug doses given. METHODS: Both devices incorporated a radio-frequency identification reader, which wirelessly read a unique code from a radio-frequency identification tag within syringe drug labels...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631237/structural-characterization-of-pyoverdines-produced-by-pseudomonas-putida-kt2440-and-pseudomonas-taiwanensis-vlb120
#2
Matthias Baune, Yulin Qi, Karen Scholz, Dietrich A Volmer, Heiko Hayen
The previously unknown sequences of several pyoverdines (PVD) produced by a biotechnologically-relevant bacterium, namely, Pseudomonas taiwanensis VLB120, were characterized by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The same structural characterization scheme was checked before by analysis of Pseudomonas sp. putida KT2440 samples with known PVDs. A new sample preparation strategy based on solid-phase extraction was developed, requiring significantly reduced sample material as compared to existing methods...
June 19, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630037/a-mobile-app-for-the-self-management-of-type-1-diabetes-among-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Shivani Goyal, Caitlin A Nunn, Michael Rotondi, Amy B Couperthwaite, Sally Reiser, Angelo Simone, Debra K Katzman, Joseph A Cafazzo, Mark R Palmert
BACKGROUND: While optimal blood glucose control is known to reduce the long-term complications associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescents often struggle to achieve their blood glucose targets. However, their strong propensity toward technology presents a unique opportunity for the delivery of novel self-management interventions. To support type 1 diabetes self-management in this population, we developed the diabetes self-management app bant, which included wireless blood glucose reading transfer, out-of-range blood glucose trend alerts, coaching around out-of-range trend causes and fixes, and a point-based incentive system...
June 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626990/exhaled-breath-profiles-in-the-monitoring-of-loss-of-control-and-clinical-recovery-in-asthma
#4
Paul Brinkman, Marianne A van de Pol, Marije G Gerritsen, Lieuwe D Bos, Tamara Dekker, Barbara S Smids, Anirban Sinha, Christof J Majoor, Marlous M Sneeboer, Hugo H Knobel, Teunis J Vink, Frans H de Jongh, René Lutter, Peter J Sterk, Niki Fens
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease, associated with episodes of exacerbations. Therapy with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) targets airway inflammation, which aims to maintain and restore asthma control. Clinical features are only modestly associated with airways inflammation. Therefore, we hypothesized that exhaled volatile metabolites identify longitudinal changes between clinically stable episodes and loss of asthma control. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as measured by gas-chromatography / mass-spectrometry (GC/MS) and electronic nose (eNose) technology discriminate between clinically stable and unstable episodes of asthma...
June 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624074/evaluating-quality-of-dental-care-among-patients-with-diabetes-adaptation-and-testing-of-a-dental-quality-measure-in-electronic-health-records
#5
Ana Neumann, Elsbeth Kalenderian, Rachel Ramoni, Alfa Yansane, Bunmi Tokede, Jini Etoule, Ram Vaderhobli, Kristen Simmons, Joshua Even, Joanna Mullins, Shwetha Kumar, Suhasini Bangar, Krishna Kookal, Joel White, Muhammad Walji
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes are at increased risk of developing oral complications, and annual dental examinations are an endorsed preventive strategy. The authors evaluated the feasibility and validity of implementing an automated electronic health record (EHR)-based dental quality measure to determine whether patients with diabetes received such evaluations. METHODS: The authors selected a Dental Quality Alliance measure developed for claims data and adapted the specifications for EHRs...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623319/fast-projection-matching-for-x-ray-tomography
#6
Chun-Chieh Wang, Cheng-Cheng Chiang, Biqing Liang, Gung-Chian Yin, Yi-Tse Weng, Liang-Chi Wang
X-ray 3D tomographic techniques are powerful tools for investigating the morphology and internal structures of specimens. A common strategy for obtaining 3D tomography is to capture a series of 2D projections from different X-ray illumination angles of specimens mounted on a finely calibrated rotational stage. However, the reconstruction quality of 3D tomography relies on the precision and stability of the rotational stage, i.e. the accurate alignment of the 2D projections in the correct three-dimensional positions...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622664/mechanical-imaging-of-soft-tissues-with-a-highly-compliant-tactile-sensing-array
#7
Bin Li, Ye Shi, Adam K Fontecchio, Yon Visell
The mechanical imaging of lumps in tissues via surface measurements can permit the noninvasive detection of disease-related differences in body tissues. In routine clinical palpation, physicians frequently make decisions based on mechanical properties that they infer from tactile information felt via touch, but these examinations currently yield little quantitative information. This has motivated the development of electronic methods for mechanical imaging. However, conventional tactile sensors are rigid, unable to conform to curved geometries, and are not adaptable to the shape of all body parts, limiting their applicability in biomedical sensing applications...
June 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613245/population-characteristics-in-a-tertiary-pain-service-cohort-experiencing-chronic-non-cancer-pain-weight-status-comorbidities-and-patient-goals
#8
Katherine Brain, Tracy Burrows, Megan E Rollo, Chris Hayes, Fiona J Hodson, Clare E Collins
We describe the characteristics of patients attending an Australian tertiary multidisciplinary pain service and identify areas for nutrition interventions. This cross-sectional study targets patients experiencing chronic pain who attended the service between June-December 2014. Self-reported data was captured from: (1) an Electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration (ePPOC) referral questionnaire, incorporating demographics, pain status, and mental health; (2) a Pain Assessment and Recovery Plan (PARP), which documents patients' perceived problems associated with pain and personal treatment goals...
June 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613121/experiences-in-running-a-complex-electronic-data-capture-system-using-mobile-phones-in-a-large-scale-population-trial-in-southern-nepal
#9
Sarah Style, B James Beard, Helen Harris-Fry, Aman Sengupta, Sonali Jha, Bhim P Shrestha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Meelan Thondoo, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
The increasing availability and capabilities of mobile phones make them a feasible means of data collection. Electronic Data Capture (EDC) systems have been used widely for public health monitoring and surveillance activities, but documentation of their use in complicated research studies requiring multiple systems is limited. This paper shares our experiences of designing and implementing a complex multi-component EDC system for a community-based four-armed cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial in the rural plains of Nepal, to help other researchers planning to use EDC for complex studies in low-income settings...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594574/a-geospatial-epidemiologic-analysis-of-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infection-an-ecological-study-in-colorado
#10
Ettie M Lipner, David Knox, Joshua French, Jordan Rudman, Michael Strong, James L Crooks
RATIONALE: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous environmental microorganisms. Infection is thought to result primarily from exposure to soil and/or water sources. NTM disease prevalence varies greatly by geographic region, but the geospatial factors influencing this variation remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To identify socio-demographic and environmental ecologic risk factors associated with NTM infection and disease in Colorado. METHODS: We conducted an ecological study combining data from patients with a diagnosis of NTM disease from National Jewish Health's Electronic Medical Record database and zip code-level socio-demographic and environmental exposure data obtained from the U...
June 8, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581705/characteristics-of-nano3-promoted-cdo-as-a-midtemperature-co2-absorbent
#11
Kang-Yeong Kim, Jin-Su Kwak, Young-In An, Kyung-Ryul Oh, Young-Uk Kwon
In this study, we explored the reaction system CdO(s) + CO2(g) ⇄ CdCO3(s) as a model system for CO2 capture agent in the intermediate temperature range of 300-400 °C. While pure CdO does not react with CO2 at all up to 500 °C, CdO mixed with an appropriate amount of NaNO3 (optimal molar ratio NaNO3/CdO = 0.14) greatly enhances the conversion of CdO into CdCO3 up to ∼80% (5.68 mmol/g). These NaNO3-promoted CdO absorbents can undergo many cycles of absorption and desorption by temperature swing between 300 and 370 °C under a 100% CO2 condition...
June 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580470/new-insights-into-the-chemistry-of-ionic-alkylorganic-carbonates-a-computational-study
#12
Khaleel I Assaf, Abdussalam K Qaroush, Ala'a F Eftaiha
A library of hydrogenated, perfluorinated aliphatic and aromatic (p-substituted) alcohols are selected together with a combination of superbases (SBs) and metal hydrides (MHs) to understand the thermodynamic parameters of the binary mixtures once serving as sorbents for the capture of CO2via ionic organic alkyl-carbonate (RCO3(-)) formation. Data are obtained using density functional theory (DFT) calculations with the B3LYP/6-31+G* level of theory and compared with the experimental results acquired from the literature using different spectroscopic techniques...
June 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576754/stroke-avoidance-for-children-in-rep%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-dominicana-sacred-protocol-for-a-prospective-study-of-stroke-risk-and-hydroxyurea-treatment-in-sickle-cell-anemia
#13
Neelum D Jeste, Luisanna M Sánchez, Gabriela S Urcuyo, Melissa E Bergés, Judy P Luden, Susan E Stuber, Teresa S Latham, Rafael Mena, Rosa M Nieves, Russell E Ware
BACKGROUND: In the Dominican Republic, where the burden of sickle cell anemia (SCA) is high, many children lack access to routine screening and preventative care. Children with SCA are at risk for stroke, an event that leads to significant morbidity and mortality. In the United States, screening via transcranial Doppler (TCD) identifies children with SCA at highest stroke risk, allowing early intervention with blood transfusions. The need for indefinite transfusions for primary stroke prevention limits their practicality in limited-resource countries...
June 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567555/toward-electronic-health-recording-evaluation-of-electronic-patient-reported-outcome-measures-e-proms-system-for-remote-monitoring-of-early-systemic-lupus-patients
#14
Y El Miedany, M El Gaafary, Nadia El Aroussy, S Bahlas, M Hegazi, D Palmer, S Youssef
The study aimed to assess the value of evaluation of electronic patient reported outcome measures (e-PROMs) in the assessment and management of SLE disease activity flares, its association with adherence to therapy as well as organ damage. A randomized, controlled crossover study was carried out over a 24-month duration. One hundred forty-seven SLE patients meeting the revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria were enrolled. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) was used to assess disease activity, whereas organ damage was scored using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC)/ACR Damage Index...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562279/effectiveness-of-evidence-based-asthma-interventions
#15
Suzanne Kennedy, Ryan Bailey, Katy Jaffee, Anne Markus, Maya Gerstein, David M Stevens, Julie Kennedy Lesch, Floyd J Malveaux, Herman Mitchell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Researchers often struggle with the gap between efficacy and effectiveness in clinical research. To bridge this gap, the Community Healthcare for Asthma Management and Prevention of Symptoms (CHAMPS) study adapted an efficacious, randomized controlled trial that resulted in evidence-based asthma interventions in community health centers. METHODS: Children (aged 5-12 years; N = 590) with moderate to severe asthma were enrolled from 3 intervention and 3 geographically/capacity-matched control sites in high-risk, low-income communities located in Arizona, Michigan, and Puerto Rico...
May 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560731/vaccine-discussions-with-parents-the-experience-of-australian-paediatricians
#16
Jessica Costa-Pinto, Harold W Willaby, Julie Leask, Nicholas Wood, Helen Marshall, Margie Danchin
AIM: Health-care providers are crucial in maintaining parental confidence in vaccination. Health-care providers are the most commonly accessed resource by parents for vaccine-related information and are highly trusted. We investigated paediatricians' (i) frequency of vaccine discussions; (ii) specific vaccine-related topics discussed; (iii) perceived role in childhood vaccination; (iv) challenges faced when having discussions; (v) confidence in vaccine-related knowledge and communication skills; and (vi) interest in online education and training...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557714/innovative-use-of-the-electronic-health-record-to-support-harm-reduction-efforts
#17
Daniel Hyman, Jenae Neiman, Michael Rannie, Renee Allen, Marguerite Swietlik, Andrea Balzer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Awareness of the impact of preventable harm on patients and families has resulted in extensive efforts to make our health care systems safer. We determined that, in our hospital, patients experienced 1 of 9 types of preventable harm approximately every other day. In an effort to expedite early identification of patients at risk and provide timely intervention, we used the electronic health record's (EHR) documentation to enable decision support, data capture, and auditing and implemented reporting tools to reduce rates of harm...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557243/the-use-of-electronic-health-records-for-psychiatric-phenotyping-and-genomics
#18
REVIEW
Jordan W Smoller
The widespread adoption of electronic health record (EHRs) in healthcare systems has created a vast and continuously growing resource of clinical data and provides new opportunities for population-based research. In particular, the linking of EHRs to biospecimens and genomic data in biobanks may help address what has become a rate-limiting study for genetic research: the need for large sample sizes. The principal roadblock to capitalizing on these resources is the need to establish the validity of phenotypes extracted from the EHR...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556892/a-novel-method-to-analyse-in-vivo-the-physiological-state-and-cell-viability-of-phototrophic-microorganisms-by-confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy-using-a-dual-laser
#19
Laia Millach, Aleix Obiol, Antonio Solé, Isabel Esteve
Phototrophic microorganisms are very abundant in extreme environments, where are subjected to frequent and strong changes in environmental parameters. Nevertheless, little is known about the physiological effects of these changing environmental conditions on viability of these microorganisms, which are difficult to grow in solid media and have the tendency to form aggregates. For that reason, it is essential to develop methodologies that provide data in short time consuming, in vivo and with minimal manipulating the samples, in response to distinct stress conditions...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553509/generalized-active-space-pair-density-functional-theory-an-efficient-method-to-study-large-strongly-correlated-conjugated-systems
#20
Soumen Ghosh, Christopher J Cramer, Donald G Truhlar, Laura Gagliardi
Predicting ground- and excited-state properties of open-shell organic molecules by electronic structure theory can be challenging because an accurate treatment has to correctly describe both static and dynamic electron correlation. Strongly correlated systems, i.e., systems with near-degeneracy correlation effects, are particularly troublesome. Multiconfigurational wave function methods based on an active space are adequate in principle, but it is impractical to capture most of the dynamic correlation in these methods for systems characterized by many active electrons...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
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