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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895910/a-false-alarm-reduction-method-for-a-gas-sensor-based-electronic-nose
#1
Mohammad Mizanur Rahman, Chalie Charoenlarpnopparut, Prapun Suksompong, Pisanu Toochinda, Attaphongse Taparugssanagorn
Electronic noses (E-Noses) are becoming popular for food and fruit quality assessment due to their robustness and repeated usability without fatigue, unlike human experts. An E-Nose equipped with classification algorithms and having open ended classification boundaries such as the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), support vector machine (SVM), and multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPNN), are found to suffer from false classification errors of irrelevant odor data. To reduce false classification and misclassification errors, and to improve correct rejection performance; algorithms with a hyperspheric boundary, such as a radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) and generalized regression neural network (GRNN) with a Gaussian activation function in the hidden layer should be used...
September 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885009/a-combined-variable-temperature-neutron-diffraction-and-thermogravimetric-analysis-study-on-a-promising-oxygen-electrode-srco0-9nb0-1o3-%C3%AE-for-reversible-solid-oxide-fuel-cells
#2
Tianrang Yang, Jie Wang, Yan Chen, Ke An, Dong Ma, Thomas Vogt, Kevin Huang
The present study investigates the temperature-structure-stoichiometry relationship of a promising oxygen electrode SrCo0.9Nb0.1O3-d over a temperature (T) range of RT-900 oC. The techniques employed are variable temperature neutron diffraction (VTND) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). At T< 75 oC, VTND reveals a tetragonal (P4/mmm) structure with a G-type magnetic ordering. Above 75 oC, the nucleus structure remains the same while the magnetic ordering disappears. A phase transition from tetragonal (P4/mmm) to cubic (Pm-3m) is observed at 412 oC, where the two Co-sites and three O-sites in the P4/mmm phase converge into one equivalent site, respectively...
September 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847092/development-of-a-novel-biochar-psf-mixed-matrix-membrane-and-study-of-key-parameters-in-treatment-of-copper-and-lead-contaminated-water
#3
Jinsong He, Yihua Song, J Paul Chen
Mixed matrix membrane (MMM) has attracted increasing attentions in various applications, such as water treatment. In this study, an innovative biochar/polysulfone (PSF) mixed matrix hollow fiber membrane was fabricated by incorporating micro-sized biochar particles in the PSF matrix. It was demonstrated that the membrane was more hydrophilic than the pure PSF membrane. Higher water flux was obtained. The adsorption of copper and lead on the MMM increased as the pH was increased with the maximum adsorption capacity observed at pH > 4...
November 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844242/the-dreme-network-research-and-interventions-in-early-childhood-mathematics
#4
Crystal Day-Hess, Douglas H Clements
The DREME Network was created to advance the field of early mathematics research and improves the opportunities to develop math competencies offered to children birth through age 8 years, with an emphasis on the preschool years. All four main Network projects will have implications for interventions. Section 1 introduces the Network and its four projects. The remainder of the chapter focuses on one of these four projects, Making More of Math (MMM), in depth. MMM is directly developing an intervention for children, based on selecting high-quality instructional activities culled from the burgeoning curriculum resources...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827669/cerebral-blood-volume-and-oxygen-supply-uniformly-increase-following-various-intrathoracic-pressure-strains
#5
Zhongxing Zhang, Nina Bolz, Marco Laures, Margit Oremek, Christoph Schmidt, Ming Qi, Ramin Khatami
Intrathoracic pressure (ITP) swings challenge many physiological systems. The responses of cerebral hemodynamics to different ITP swings are still less well-known due to the complexity of cerebral circulation and methodological limitation. Using frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy and echocardiography, we measured changes in cerebral, muscular and cardiac hemodynamics in five graded respiratory maneuvers (RM), breath holding, moderate and strong Valsalva maneuvers (mVM/sVM) with 20 and 40 cmH2O increments in ITP, moderate and strong Mueller maneuvers (mMM/sMM) with 20 and 40 cmH2O decrements in ITP controlled by esophageal manometry...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823034/effect-of-pristine-and-functionalized-single-and-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-on-co2-separation-of-mixed-matrix-membranes-based-on-polymers-of-intrinsic-microporosity-pim-1-a-molecular-dynamics-simulation-study
#6
Karim Golzar, Hamid Modarress, Sepideh Amjad-Iranagh
Molecular dynamics (MD) and grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations were conducted to investigate the transport properties of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen, and oxygen through pure and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) based on polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1). For this purpose, first, 0.5 to 3 wt% of pristine single-walled carbon nanotube (p-SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (p-MWCNT) were embedded into the pure PIM-1, and then for better dispersion of CNT particles into the polymer matrix and to improve the performance of the resulting MMMs, polyethylene glycol (PEG) functionalized SWCNT and MWCNT (f-SWCNT and f-MWCNT, respectively) were loaded...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808159/chronic-brucella-infection-induces-selective-and-persistent-ifn-%C3%AE-dependent-alterations-of-marginal-zone-macrophages-in-the-spleen
#7
Arnaud Machelart, Abir Khadrawi, Aurore Demars, Kevin Willemart, Carl De Trez, Jean-Jacques Letesson, Eric Muraille
The spleen is known as an important filter for blood-borne pathogens that are trapped by specialized macrophages in the marginal zone (MZ): the CD209(+) MZ macrophages (MZMs) and the CD169(+) marginal metallophilic macrophages (MMMs). Acute systemic infection strongly impacts MZ populations and the location of T and B lymphocytes. This phenomenon has been linked to reduced chemokine secretion by stromal cells. Brucella spp. are the causative agent of brucellosis, a widespread zoonotic disease. Here, we used B...
August 14, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800109/effects-of-zno-nanoparticle-on-the-gas-separation-performance-of-polyurethane-mixed-matrix-membrane
#8
Banafsheh Soltani, Morteza Asghari
Polyurethane (PU)-ZnO mixed matrix membranes (MMM) were fabricated and characterized for gas separation. A thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), a scanning electron microscope (SEM) test and an atomic-force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the physical properties and thermal stability of the membranes were improved through filler loading. Hydrogen Bonding Index, obtained from the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), demonstrate that the degree of phase separation in PU-ZnO 0.5 wt % MMM was more than the neat PU, while in PU-ZnO 1...
August 11, 2017: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799219/mmm-a-toolbox-for-integrative-structure-modelling
#9
Gunnar Jeschke
Structural characterization of proteins and their complexes may require integration of restraints from various experimental techniques. MMM is a Matlab-based open-source modelling toolbox for this purpose with a particular emphasis on distance distribution restraints obtained from electron paramagnetic resonance experiments on spin-labelled proteins and nucleic acids and their combination with atomistic structures of domains or whole protomers, small-angle scattering data, secondary structure information, homology information, and elastic network models...
August 11, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796491/excellent-biofouling-alleviation-of-thermoexfoliated-vermiculite-blended-poly-ether-sulfone-ultrafiltration-membrane
#10
Yasin Orooji, Feng Liang, Amir Razmjou, Sha Li, Mohammad Reza Mofid, Quan Liu, Kecheng Guan, Zhengkun Liu, Wanqin Jin
Flux and antifouling properties of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) are yet to attain satisfactory status. The objective of this study is to find a method for mitigating the biofouling of poly(ether sulfone) (PES) ultrafiltration membranes via blending of thermoexfoliated vermiculite (VMT). Flow cytometry analysis shows that the behaviors of Bacillus subtilis 168 as a Gram-positive bacterium and Escherichia coli DH5 alpha as a Gram-negative bacterium were different. Hence, cell property is a suspected contributory factor in biofilm formation...
August 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792942/hiv-1-neutralizing-antibody-induced-by-simian-adenovirus-and-poxvirus-mva-vectored-bg505-native-like-envelope-trimers
#11
Silvia Capucci, Edmund G Wee, Torben Schiffner, Celia C LaBranche, Nicola Borthwick, Albert Cupo, Jonathan Dodd, Hansi Dean, Quentin Sattentau, David Montefiori, Per J Klasse, Rogier W Sanders, John P Moore, Tomáš Hanke
Rabbits and monkeys immunized with HIV type 1 (HIV-1) native-like BG505 SOSIP.664 (BG505s) glycoprotein trimers are known to induce antibodies that can neutralize the autologous tier-2 virus. Here, we assessed the induction of HIV-1 trimer binding and neutralizing antibody (nAb) titres when BG505s trimers were also delivered by non-replicating simian (chimpanzee) adenovirus and non-replicating poxvirus modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) vaccine vectors. First, we showed that approximately two-thirds and one-third of the trimers secreted from the ChAdOx1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792201/mechanical-synthesis-of-cof-nanosheet-cluster-and-its-mixed-matrix-membrane-for-efficient-co2-removal
#12
Changchang Zou, Qianqian Li, Yinying Hua, Bihang Zhou, Jingui Duan, Wanqin Jin
Covalent organic framework (COF) membranes used for selective removal of CO2 were believed as an efficient and low-cost solution to energy and environmental sustainability. In this study, the amide modified COF nanosheet cluster with a 2D structure was facilely prepared through solid reaction, exhibiting good adsorption-based CO2 selectivity (223 at 273 K and 90 at 298 K) toward N2. Remarkably, the mixed matrix membrane (MMM) that consists of a lesser amount of COF filler (1 wt %) shows promising CO2/N2 gas selectivity (∼64)...
August 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773844/new-rhenium-doped-srco1-xrexo3-%C3%AE-perovskites-performing-as-cathodes-in-solid-oxide-fuel-cells
#13
Loreto Troncoso, María Celeste Gardey, María Teresa Fernández-Díaz, José Antonio Alonso
In the aim to stabilize novel three-dimensional perovskite oxides based upon SrCoO3-δ, we have designed and prepared SrCo1-xRexO3-δ phases (x = 0.05 and 0.10), successfully avoiding the competitive hexagonal 2H polytypes. Their performance as cathode materials in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC) has been investigated. The characterization of these oxides included X-ray (XRD) and in situ temperature-dependent neutron powder diffraction (NPD) experiments for x = 0.10. At room temperature, SrCo1-xRexO3-δ perovskites are defined in the P4/mmm space group, which corresponds to a subtle tetragonal perovskite superstructure with unit-cell parameters a = b ≈ ao, c = 2ao (ao = 3...
August 24, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772356/integrating-seawater-desalination-and-wastewater-reclamation-forward-osmosis-process-using-thin-film-composite-mixed-matrix-membrane-with-functionalized-carbon-nanotube-blended-polyethersulfone-support-layer
#14
Hyeon-Gyu Choi, Moon Son, Heechul Choi
Thin-film composite mixed matrix membrane (TFC MMM) with functionalized carbon nanotube (fCNT) blended in polyethersulfone (PES) support layer was synthesized via interfacial polymerization and phase inversion. This membrane was firstly tested in lab-scale integrating seawater desalination and wastewater reclamation forward osmosis (FO) process. Water flux of TFC MMM was increased by 72% compared to that of TFC membrane due to enhanced hydrophilicity. Although TFC MMM showed lower water flux than TFC commercial membrane, enhanced reverse salt flux selectivity (RSFS) of TFC MMM was observed compared to TFC membrane (15% higher) and TFC commercial membrane (4% higher), representing membrane permselectivity...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720859/increased-male-male-mounting-behaviour-in-desert-locusts-during-infection-with-an-entomopathogenic-fungus
#15
Lisa M Clancy, Amy L Cooper, Gareth W Griffith, Roger D Santer
Same-sex sexual behaviour occurs across diverse animal taxa, but adaptive explanations can be difficult to determine. Here we investigate male-male mounting (MMM) behaviour in female-deprived desert locust males infected with the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium acridum. Over a four-week period, infected locusts performed more MMM behaviours than healthy controls. Among infected locusts, the probability of MMM, and the duration of time spent MMM, significantly increased with the mounting locust's proximity to death...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687514/management-and-control-of-microbiologically-influenced-corrosion-mic-in-the-oil-and-gas-industry-overview-and-a-north-sea-case-study
#16
Torben Lund Skovhus, Richard B Eckert, Edgar Rodrigues
Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) is the terminology applied where the actions of microorganisms influence the corrosion process. In literature, terms such as microbial corrosion, biocorrosion, microbially influenced/induced corrosion, and biodegradation are often applied. MIC research in the oil and gas industry has seen a revolution over the past decade, with the introduction of molecular microbiological methods: (MMM) as well as new industry standards and procedures of sampling biofilm and corrosion products from the process system...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659605/mmm-derived-lipid-associated-membrane-proteins-activate-il-1%C3%AE-production-through-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-via-tlr2-myd88-and-irak4
#17
Yang Wang, Qi Wang, Yuan Li, Ying Chen, Jiari Shao, Nwankpa Nick, Chunyan Li, Jiuqing Xin
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp.mycoides (Mmm) is a pathogen that causes pneumonia, otitis media, and arthritis in young calves. Its pathogenesis is attributed in part to excessive immune responses. Mmm-derived lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) are potent inducers of the host innate immune system; however, interactions between Mmm-derived LAMPs as pathogenic agents, toll-like receptors (TLRs), and the signaling pathways responsible for activating inflammation and nuclear factor (NF)-κB have not been fully elucidated...
June 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629937/the-multi-mode-modulator-a-versatile-fluidic-device-for-two-dimensional-gas-chromatography
#18
John V Seeley, Nicolaas E Schimmel, Stacy K Seeley
A fluidic device called the multi-mode modulator (MMM) has been developed for use as a comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC) modulator. The MMM can be employed in a wide range of capacities including as a traditional heart-cutting device, a low duty cycle GC x GC modulator, and a full transfer GC x GC modulator. The MMM is capable of producing narrow component pulses (widths <50ms) while operating at flows compatible with high resolution chromatography. The sample path of modulated components is confined to the interior of a joining capillary...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598608/ground-state-crystal-structure-of-strontium-peroxide-predicted-from-first-principles
#19
Yanchao Wang, Sheng Wang, Yunwei Zhang, Jian Lv, Yue Chen, Weitao Zheng, Yanming Ma
It has been widely believed that SrO2, a typical alkaline earth metal peroxide, should adopt the tetrahedral CaC2-type structure (space group I4/mmm) at ambient pressure. Here we report a monoclinic structure (space group C2c), as predicted from first-principles swarm structure searching simulations, is energetically more favorable than the CaC2-type structure at ambient pressure and low temperature, while the I4/mmm structure is only stable at high pressure (>20 GPa) or elevated temperature conditions. A key difference between these structures is the distinct orientation of peroxide ions...
June 9, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598334/high-pressure-structures-of-yttrium-hydrides
#20
Lu-Lu Liu, Hui-Juan Sun, C Z Wang, Wen-Cai Lu
In this work, the crystal structures of YH3 and YH4 at high pressure (100-250 GPa) have been explored using a genetic algorithm combined with first-principles calculations. New structures of YH3 with space group symmetries of P21/m and I4/mmm were predicted. The electronic structures and the phonon dispersion properties of various YH3 and YH4 structures at different temperatures and pressures were investigated. Among YH3 phases, the P21/m structure of YH3 was found to have a relatively high superconducting transformation temperature T c of 19 K at 120 GPa, which is reduced to 9 K at 200 GPa...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
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