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E Perret, K Sen, J Khmaladze, B P P Mallett, M Yazdi-Rizi, P Marsik, S Das, I Marozau, M A Uribe-Laverde, R de Andrés Prada, J Strempfer, M Döbeli, N Biškup, M Varela, Y-L Mathis, C Bernhard
We studied the structural, magnetic and electronic properties of [Formula: see text] (SFO) thin films and [Formula: see text]/[Formula: see text] [Formula: see text]MnO3 (LCMO) superlattices that have been grown with pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] (LSAT) substrates. X-ray reflectometry and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) confirm the high structural quality of the films and flat and atomically sharp interfaces of the superlattices...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Sebastian Friebe, Alexander Mundstock, Kai Volgmann, Jürgen Caro
Metal-Organic Frameworks feature a certain framework flexibility, mainly due to a linker mobility inside the lattice. The latter is responsible for effects like breathing or gate-opening, thus making predictions of the sorption and diffusion behavior quite difficult. Permeation measurements on supported UiO-66 membranes at low temperatures and on polymer-coated UiO-66 membrane layers as well as 2H-NMR line shape studies and nitrogen sorption measurements of UiO-66 with deuterated linkers in Matrimid as Mixed-Matrix Membrane (MMM) indicate that the 2-site 180° flips (-flips) of the aromatic ring are hindered by the presence of (i) the surrounding polymer Matrimid and (ii) residual solvent molecules, thus giving profound insights in the molecular understanding of gas transport through Metal-Organic Framework based MMMs...
November 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiaofeng Li, Feng Peng
The study of the high-temperature superconductive property in compressed hydrogen (H)-rich hydrides has been motivated by hydrides, which become superconducting at low pressure due to chemical precompression. In the present study, we report the first-principles structure searches for stable vanadium(V) hydrides over a pressure scope 0-200 GPa, where stable unexpected stoichiometries of H-rich V hydrides (e.g., VH3, VH5, and VH8) emerge. These dense H-rich V hydrides are metallic with a strong ionic feature, and the coordination number of metal V gradually increases with H content...
November 2, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Daniele la Cecilia, Federico Maggi
Glyphosate (GLP) herbicide leaching into soil can undergo abiotic degradation and two enzymatic oxidative or hydrolytic reactions in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions; biotic oxidation produces aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA). Both GLP and AMPA are phytotoxic. A comprehensive GLP degradation reaction network was developed from the literature to account for the above pathways, and fifteen experimental data sets were used to determine the corresponding Michaelis-Menten-Monod (MMM) kinetic parameters. Various sensitivity analyses were designed to assess GLP and AMPA degradation potential against O2 (aq) and carbon (C) availability, pH, and birnessite mineral content, and showed that bacteria oxidized or hydrolyzed up to 98% of GLP and only 9% of AMPA...
November 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Dong Chen, Hongzhi Xie, Shuyang Zhang, Weisheng Chen, Lixu Gu
Respiratory motion estimation plays a significant role in radiation therapy. Previous motion estimation approaches usually depended on 4DCT, which introduced extra radio dose for patients, and the local motion details were ignored in the statistical model. In this paper, we propose a novel estimation framework, which employs the Sparse Motion Field Presentation (SMFP) method to obtain a coarse motion estimation which preserves patient-specific respiratory motion details and an Adaptive Variable Coefficient (AVC) motion prior registration approach is applied for the accurate estimation...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Jinsong He, Anan Cui, Shihuai Deng, J Paul Chen
Dye containing wastewater has increasingly become an important contamination due to operation of various industries such as textile industry. In this study, a micro-scale biochar particles/polysulfone mixed matrix hollow fiber membrane (MMM) was applied for the removal of methylene blue from water. The static and dynamic adsorption performance was investigated. We found that the MMM exhibited a high removal efficiency of methylene blue under a wide pH range of 4-10. The adsorption process on biochar and MMM obeyed the intraparticle surface diffusion model and Langmuir isotherm model...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Jianwei Yuan, Haipeng Zhu, Jiajia Sun, Yangyang Mao, Gongping Liu, Wanqin Jin
Because of the high separation performance and easy preparation, mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs) consisting of metal-organic frameworks have received much attention. In this article, we report a novel ZIF-300/PEBA MMM consisting of zeolite imidazolate framework (ZIF-300) crystals and polyether block amide (PEBA) matrix. The ZIF-300 crystal size was effectively reduced by optimizing the hydrothermal reaction condition from ∼15 to ∼1 μm. The morphology and physicochemical and sorption properties of the synthesized ZIF-300 crystals and as-prepared ZIF-300/PEBA MMMs were systematically studied...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Edith Perret, Kaushik Sen, Jarji Khmaladze, Ben Mallett, Meghdad Yazdi-Rizi, Premysl Marsik, Saikat Das, Ivan Marozau, Miguel Uribe-Laverde, Roberto de Andrés Prada, J Strempfer, Max Doebeli, Neven Biskup, Maria Varela, Yves-Laurent Mathis, Christian Bernhard
We studied the structural, magnetic and electronic properties of SrFeO<sub>3-δ</sub> (SFO) thin films and SrFeO<sub>3-δ</sub> /La<sub>2/3</sub>Ca<sub>1/3</sub>MnO<sub>3</sub> (LCMO) superlattices that have been grown with pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on La<sub>0.3</sub>Sr<sub>0.7</sub>Al<sub>0.65</sub>Ta<sub>0.35</sub>O<sub>3</sub> (LSAT) substrates. X-ray reflectometry and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) confirm the high structural quality of the films and flat and atomically sharp interfaces of the superlattices...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Seng Beng Tan, David Paul Capelle, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Ee Jane Lim, Ee Chin Loh, Chee Loong Lam
Alleviation of suffering in palliative care needs a combination of good symptom control and psychosocial care. The capacity of mindfulness to promote psychological flexibility opens up possibilities of creating a paradigm shift that can potentially change the landscape of psychosocial care. In this review, we attempt to introduce 4 methods to establish mindfulness based on 'The Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness', a core text of Theravada Buddhism, followed by a brief comparison of the concepts and practices of mindfulness in different cultures and religions in Southeast Asia...
September 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Duanduan Yuan, Ning Liu, Kunkun Li, Shifeng Jin, Jiangang Guo, Xiaolong Chen
Three new layered compounds, namely NaLiFeSe2, KLiFeSe2, and RbLiFeSe2, have been discovered. NaLiFeSe2 adopts a trigonal CaAl2Si2-type structure with space group P3̅m1, while the other two possess a tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure with space group I4/mmm. Structural refinements reveal that Li and Fe atoms randomly occupy the same sites in all these compounds without ordering. It is found that the radius of the alkali metals plays a vital role in determining the symmetry of this series of compounds. The substitution of Li at the Fe site shortens the layer spacing and elongates the A-Se bond length in the ThCr2Si2-type structure...
November 6, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Tiziana Marino, Francesca Russo, Lina Rezzouk, Abderrazak Bouzid, Alberto Figoli
The aim of this work was the fabrication and the characterization of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) for arsenic (As) removal from water. Membrane separation was combined with an adsorption process by incorporating the kaolin (KT2) Algerian natural clay in polymeric membranes. The effects of casting solution composition was explored using different amounts of polyethersufone (PES) as a polymer, polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP K17) and polyethylene glycol (PEG 200) as pore former agents, N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) as a solvent, and kaolin...
September 30, 2017: Membranes
Yunxian Liu, Chao Wang, Xiangmu Kong, Defang Duan
We explore the phase diagram, structures, electron properties, and potential superconductivity of the K-P system at pressures of up to 200 GPa through unbiased structure searching techniques and first-principles calculations. Five stable chemical stoichiometries (K4P, K3P, K2P, KP, and KP2) have been theoretically predicted. In particular, P2 units or P-chains are uncovered in K2P, KP, and KP2 compounds with the existence of covalent bonds by analyzing the electron localization functions. And the Bader analysis demonstrates that charges transfer from K atoms to P atoms...
September 22, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Quan Zhuang, Xilian Jin, Qianqian Lv, Ying Li, Ziji Shao, Zhao Liu, Xin Li, Huadi Zhang, Xing Meng, Kuo Bao, Tian Cui
Aiming at finding new superconducting materials, we performed systematical simulations on phase diagrams, crystal structures, and electronic properties of vanadium hydrides under high pressures. The VH, VH2, VH3, and VH5 species were found to be stable under high pressures; among these, VH2 had previously been investigated. Moreover, all three novel stoichiometries showed a strong ionic character as a result of the charge transfer from V to H. The electron-phonon coupling calculations revealed the potentially superconductive nature of these vanadium hydrides, with estimated superconducting critical temperature (Tc) values of 6...
October 4, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mohammad Mizanur Rahman, Chalie Charoenlarpnopparut, Prapun Suksompong, Pisanu Toochinda, Attaphongse Taparugssanagorn
Electronic noses (E-Noses) are becoming popular for food and fruit quality assessment due to their robustness and repeated usability without fatigue, unlike human experts. An E-Nose equipped with classification algorithms and having open ended classification boundaries such as the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), support vector machine (SVM), and multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPNN), are found to suffer from false classification errors of irrelevant odor data. To reduce false classification and misclassification errors, and to improve correct rejection performance; algorithms with a hyperspheric boundary, such as a radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) and generalized regression neural network (GRNN) with a Gaussian activation function in the hidden layer should be used...
September 12, 2017: Sensors
Tianrang Yang, Jie Wang, Yan Chen, Ke An, Dong Ma, Thomas Vogt, Kevin Huang
The present study investigates the temperature-structure-stoichiometry relationship of a promising oxygen electrode SrCo0.9Nb0.1O3-δ over a temperature (T) range from room temperature (RT) to 900 °C. The techniques employed are variable-temperature neutron diffraction (VTND) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). At T < 75 °C, VTND reveals a tetragonal (P4/mmm) structure with a G-type magnetic ordering. Above 75 °C, the nucleus structure remains the same, while the magnetic ordering disappears. A phase transition from tetragonal (P4/mmm) to cubic (Pm3̅m) is observed at 412 °C, where the two Co sites and three O sites in the P4/mmm phase converge to one equivalent site, respectively...
October 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jinsong He, Yihua Song, J Paul Chen
Mixed matrix membrane (MMM) has attracted increasing attentions in various applications, such as water treatment. In this study, an innovative biochar/polysulfone (PSF) mixed matrix hollow fiber membrane was fabricated by incorporating micro-sized biochar particles in the PSF matrix. It was demonstrated that the membrane was more hydrophilic than the pure PSF membrane. Higher water flux was obtained. The adsorption of copper and lead on the MMM increased as the pH was increased with the maximum adsorption capacity observed at pH > 4...
November 2017: Chemosphere
Crystal Day-Hess, Douglas H Clements
The DREME Network was created to advance the field of early mathematics research and improves the opportunities to develop math competencies offered to children birth through age 8 years, with an emphasis on the preschool years. All four main Network projects will have implications for interventions. Section 1 introduces the Network and its four projects. The remainder of the chapter focuses on one of these four projects, Making More of Math (MMM), in depth. MMM is directly developing an intervention for children, based on selecting high-quality instructional activities culled from the burgeoning curriculum resources...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
Zhongxing Zhang, Nina Bolz, Marco Laures, Margit Oremek, Christoph Schmidt, Ming Qi, Ramin Khatami
Intrathoracic pressure (ITP) swings challenge many physiological systems. The responses of cerebral hemodynamics to different ITP swings are still less well-known due to the complexity of cerebral circulation and methodological limitation. Using frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy and echocardiography, we measured changes in cerebral, muscular and cardiac hemodynamics in five graded respiratory maneuvers (RM), breath holding, moderate and strong Valsalva maneuvers (mVM/sVM) with 20 and 40 cmH2O increments in ITP, moderate and strong Mueller maneuvers (mMM/sMM) with 20 and 40 cmH2O decrements in ITP controlled by esophageal manometry...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Karim Golzar, Hamid Modarress, Sepideh Amjad-Iranagh
Molecular dynamics (MD) and grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations were conducted to investigate the transport properties of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen, and oxygen through pure and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) based on polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1). For this purpose, first, 0.5 to 3 wt% of pristine single-walled carbon nanotube (p-SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (p-MWCNT) were embedded into the pure PIM-1, and then for better dispersion of CNT particles into the polymer matrix and to improve the performance of the resulting MMMs, polyethylene glycol (PEG) functionalized SWCNT and MWCNT (f-SWCNT and f-MWCNT, respectively) were loaded...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Arnaud Machelart, Abir Khadrawi, Aurore Demars, Kevin Willemart, Carl De Trez, Jean-Jacques Letesson, Eric Muraille
The spleen is known as an important filter for blood-borne pathogens that are trapped by specialized macrophages in the marginal zone (MZ): the CD209(+) MZ macrophages (MZMs) and the CD169(+) marginal metallophilic macrophages (MMMs). Acute systemic infection strongly impacts MZ populations and the location of T and B lymphocytes. This phenomenon has been linked to reduced chemokine secretion by stromal cells. Brucella spp. are the causative agent of brucellosis, a widespread zoonotic disease. Here, we used Brucella melitensis infection as a model to investigate the impact of chronic stealth infection on splenic MZ macrophage populations...
November 2017: Infection and Immunity
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