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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148112/big-data-and-data-science-in-healthcare-what-nurses-and-midwives-need-to-know
#1
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor
The evolution of technology in contemporary society has been accelerating in recent decades, with smaller, more interconnected hardware devices and software applications becoming the norm. As desktop computing paved the way for mobile platforms, which are now transitioning to wearable devices and other sensors, it is inevitable these electronic tools will advance into the realm of nanotechnology and biotechnology in the years to come. As the proliferation of information and communication technology continues it has led to a tsunami of digital data (Bates et al, 2014), which is being collected on many aspects of life...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146407/-hemogram-profile-and-interest-of-pre-donation-hemoglobin-measurement-in-blood-donors-in-the-northwest-region-of-morocco
#2
S Bakrim, A Ouarour, K Jaidann, M Benajiba, A Masrar
BACKGROUND: Blood donation in Morocco and more particularly in the northwest region is carried out without prior determination of the pre-donation hemoglobin. In addition, we note the lack of scientific research that reports data on the red blood cells, leukocytes and platelet lines in donated blood at the regional or even national level. AIMS: To study hemogram profile in blood donors taken from the Northwest region of Morocco in order to provide decision makers of the National Center of Blood Transfusion and Hematology with valid scientific arguments to complete the criteria to donate whole blood, by the hemogram...
November 13, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145152/possible-role-of-arthrospira-platensis-in-reversing-oxidative-stress-mediated-liver-damage-in-rats-exposed-to-lead
#3
Samah R Khalil, Walaa M Elhady, Yaser H A Elewa, Noura E Abd El-Hameed, Sozan A Ali
Environmental pollutants, particularly metallic elements, mobilized and released into the environment, eventually accumulate in the food chain and thus pose a serious threat to human and animal health. In the present study, the role of Arthrospira (Spirulina platensis; SP) as a protector against oxidative stress-mediated liver damage induced by an exposure to lead acetate (LA; as a metallic pollutant) was assessed. To achieve this aim, rats were orally administered with 300 mg/kg bw SP for 15 days, before and concurrently with an intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg bw LA (6 injections throughout 15 days)...
November 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145005/assessment-of-long-term-spatio-temporal-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure
#4
Sam Aerts, Joe Wiart, Luc Martens, Wout Joseph
As both the environment and telecommunications networks are inherently dynamic, our exposure to environmental radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) at an arbitrary location is not at all constant in time. In this study, more than a year's worth of measurement data collected in a fixed low-cost exposimeter network distributed over an urban environment was analysed and used to build, for the first time, a full spatio-temporal surrogate model of outdoor exposure to downlink Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) signals...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143900/an-innovative-mobile-health-system-to-improve-and-standardize-antenatal-care-among-underserved-communities-a-feasibility-study-in-an-italian-hosting-center-for-asylum-seekers
#5
Lucia Borsari, Giovanna Stancanelli, Laura Guarenti, Teresa Grandi, Serena Leotta, Lucia Barcellini, Paola Borella, Anne Caroline Benski
Innovative migrant-friendly tools are needed to assist health personnel manage the high number of pregnancies within reception centers. This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system's functionality and a questionnaire assessed women's acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143601/morphological-description-and-dna-barcoding-study-of-sand-rice-agriophyllum-squarrosum-chenopodiaceae-collected-in-kazakhstan
#6
Yuliya Genievskaya, Saule Abugalieva, Aibatsha Zhubanysheva, Yerlan Turuspekov
BACKGROUND: Sand rice (Agriophyllum squarrosum (L.) Moq.) is an annual shrub-like plant adapted to the mobile sand dunes in desert and semi-desert regions of Asia. It has a balanced nutrient composition with relatively high concentration of lipids and proteins, which results in its nutrition being similar to legumes. Sand rice's proteins contain the full range of essential amino acids. However, calories content is more similar to wheat. These features together with desert stress resistance make sand rice a potential food crop resilient to ongoing climate change...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142436/high-performance-thin-layer-chromatographic-densitometric-quantification-and-recovery-of-bioactive-compounds-for-identification-of-elite-chemotypes-of-gloriosa-superba-l-collected-from-sikkim-himalayas-india
#7
Ankita Misra, Pushpendra Kumar Shukla, Bhanu Kumar, Jai Chand, Poonam Kushwaha, Md Khalid, Ajay Kumar Singh Rawat, Sharad Srivastava
Background: Gloriosa superba L. (Colchicaceae) is used as adjuvant therapy in gout for its potential antimitotic activity due to high colchicine(s) alkaloids. Objective: This study aimed to develop an easy, cheap, precise, and accurate high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) validated method for simultaneous quantification of bioactive alkaloids (colchicine and gloriosine) in G. superba L. and to identify its elite chemotype(s) from Sikkim Himalayas (India)...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142031/activity-limitations-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-role-for-fear-of-movement-and-re-injury-beliefs
#8
Thijs W Swinnen, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Wim Dankaerts, Rene Westhovens, Kurt de Vlam
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fear of movement and (re)injury [FOM/(R)I] beliefs, measured with the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia 11-item version (TSK-11), influence activity limitations and mediate the relationship between pain severity and activity limitations in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: In 173 patients with axSpA, these data were collected: sex, body mass index, disease duration, medication, activity limitations (BASFI; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index), disease activity [Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI); BASDAIinf, items 5 and 6; BASDAIpain, items 2 and 3; C-reactive protein and physician's global assessment], spinal mobility (BASMI; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index), and FOM/(R)I (TSK-11)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141974/scaling-up-dietary-data-for-decision-making-in-low-income-countries-new-technological-frontiers
#9
REVIEW
Winnie Bell, Brooke A Colaiezzi, Cathleen S Prata, Jennifer C Coates
Dietary surveys in low-income countries (LICs) are hindered by low investment in the necessary research infrastructure, including a lack of basic technology for data collection, links to food composition information, and data processing. The result has been a dearth of dietary data in many LICs because of the high cost and time burden associated with dietary surveys, which are typically carried out by interviewers using pencil and paper. This study reviewed innovative dietary assessment technologies and gauged their suitability to improve the quality and time required to collect dietary data in LICs...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141642/doing-implementation-research-on-health-governance-a-frontline-researcher-s-reflexive-account-of-field-level-challenges-and-their-management
#10
Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, implementers, policy makers and community members are central to IR and come with additional challenges. In this paper, we elaborate on the challenges faced by frontline field researchers, drawing from experience with an IR study on Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140434/managing-public-health-data-mobile-applications-and-mass-vaccination-campaigns
#11
Melissa W McClung, Sarah A Gumm, Megan E Bisek, Amber L Miller, Bryan C Knepper, Arthur J Davidson
In response to data collection challenges during mass immunization events, Denver Public Health developed a mobile application to support efficient public health immunization and prophylaxis activities. The Handheld Automated Notification for Drugs and Immunizations (HANDI) system has been used since 2012 to capture influenza vaccination data during Denver Health's annual employee influenza campaign. HANDI has supported timely and efficient administration and reporting of influenza vaccinations through standardized data capture and database entry...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138128/will-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-work-in-latin-america-piloting-a-mobile-approach-to-crowdsource-influenza-like-illness-data-in-guatemala
#12
José Tomás Prieto, Jorge H Jara, Juan Pablo Alvis, Luis R Furlan, Christian Travis Murray, Judith Garcia, Pierre-Jean Benghozi, Susan Cornelia Kaydos-Daniels
BACKGROUND: In many Latin American countries, official influenza reports are neither timely nor complete, and surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) remains thin in consistency and precision. Public participation with mobile technology may offer new ways of identifying nonmedically attended cases and reduce reporting delays, but no published studies to date have assessed the viability of ILI surveillance with mobile tools in Latin America. We implemented and assessed an ILI-tailored mobile health (mHealth) participatory reporting system...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136741/-characteristics-of-non-marital-and-non-commercial-heterosexual-transmission-of-hiv-infection-in-miao-dong-autonomous-prefecture-of-qiandongnan
#13
Q Y Yu, F L Wang, P Xu, H J Wen, Y X Xiong, J Yang, Y Long, H J He, J Shi, P Lyu
Objective: The goal of this research was to understand the demographic distribution and related factors of non-marital and non-commercial heterosexual transmission (non-commercial transmission) for HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Methods: Data related to HIV/AIDS infected by non-marital heterosexual transmission and whose present address was in Qian Dongnan, were collected from Information System on the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control. Information included demographic characteristics, the members of non-marital sex partners, transmission path, detection source, CD4(+)T lymphocyte level, et al...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134662/dose-capping-of-plerixafor-in-patients-weighing%C3%A2-more-than-100%C3%A2-kg-at-one-vial-led-to-successful-mobilization-outcomes-and-significant-cost-savings
#14
Gabriel Park, Sepideh Shayani, Tracey Stiller, Shirong Wang, Shan Yuan
BACKGROUND: Plerixafor is frequently used as an adjunct agent to improve mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells in many clinical settings. However, its high cost (>$8000 per single-use 24-mg vial) is a significant concern. The manufacturer-recommended dose is 0.24 mg/kg. Therefore, patients weighing more than 100 kg would require a second vial, thus doubling the drug cost per dose. We implemented a policy of capping the dose of plerixafor at 24 mg, or one vial, for patients weighing more than 100 kg...
November 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132982/longitudinal-study-of-bladder-continence-among-people-with-spina-bifida-in-the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry
#15
Tiebin Liu, Lijing Ouyang, Judy Thibadeau, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh, Heidi Castillo, Jonathan Castillo, Kurt A Freeman, Kathleen J Sawin, Kathryn Smith, Alexander Van Speybroeck, Rodolfo Valdez
PURPOSE: Achieving bladder continence among people with Spina bifida is a lifetime management goal. We investigated bladder continence status over time and factors associated with this status among people with SB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used National Spina Bifida Patient Registry data collected from 2009 through 2015 and applied generalized estimating equation models to analyze factors associated with bladder continence status. RESULTS: This analysis included 5,250 participants with SB in a large, multi-institutional patient registry who contributed 12,740 annual clinic visit records during the study period...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132797/cloaca-reconstruction-a-new-algorithm-which-considers-the-role-of-urethral-length-in-determining-surgical-planning
#16
Richard J Wood, Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Daniel Dajusta, Christina Ching, Rama Jayanthi, D Gregory Bates, Molly E Fuchs, Katherine McCracken, Geri Hewitt, Marc A Levitt
BACKGROUND: Cloacal malformations represent a uniquely complex challenge for surgeons. The surgical approach to date has been based on the common channel (CC) length with two patient groups considered: less than or greater than 3cm, which we believe is an oversimplification. We reviewed 19 patients, referred after surgery done elsewhere. Eight had postoperative urinary complications, 3 had constant urinary leakage and had been left after surgery with a urethra <1cm, .5 with an original 3 to 5cm common channel, who had undergone total urogenital mobilization (TUM), experienced peri-operative urethral loss needing a vesicostomy, and later, a Mitrofanoff...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132727/speed-profiles-in-wheelchair-court-sports-comparison-of-two-methods-for-measuring-wheelchair-mobility-performance
#17
R M A van der Slikke, B S Mason, M A M Berger, V L Goosey-Tolfrey
Wheelchair mobility performance is an important aspect in most wheelchair court sports, commonly measured with an indoor tracking system or wheelchair bound inertial sensors. Both methods provide key wheelchair mobility performance outcomes regarding speed. In this study, we compared speed profiles of both methods to gain insight into the level of agreement, for recommendations regarding future performance measurement. Data were obtained from 5 male highly trained wheelchair basketball players during match play...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127543/self-efficacy-pain-and-quadriceps-capacity-at-baseline-predict-changes-in-mobility-performance-over-2%C3%A2-years-in-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Nicholas M Brisson, Anthony A Gatti, Paul W Stratford, Monica R Maly
This study examined the extent to which baseline measures of quadriceps strength, quadriceps power, knee pain and self-efficacy for functional tasks, and their interactions, predicted 2-year changes in mobility performance (walking, stair ascent, stair descent) in women with knee osteoarthritis. We hypothesized that lesser strength, power and self-efficacy, and higher pain at baseline would each be independently associated with reduced mobility over 2 years, and each of pain and self-efficacy would interact with strength and power in predicting 2-year change in stair-climbing performance...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125783/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-app-to-increase-parents-knowledge-and-empowerment-in-the-mmr-vaccination-decision-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Marta Fadda, Elisa Galimberti, Maddalena Fiordelli, Luisa Romanò, Alessandro Zanetti, Peter J Schulz
Researchers are trying to build evidence for mhealth effectiveness in various fields. However, no evidence yet is showing the effectiveness of mhealth on parents' attitudes and behavior with regard to recommended vaccination of their children. The aim of this study was to look into the effects of 2 smartphone-based interventions targeting MMR vaccination knowledge and psychological empowerment respectively. The interventions used gamification features and videos in combination with text messages. We conducted a 2x2 between-subject factorial randomized controlled trial (absence/presence of knowledge intervention X absence/presence of empowerment intervention) with parents of young children in Italy...
November 10, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125535/an-intelligent-cooperative-visual-sensor-network-for-urban-mobility
#20
Giuseppe Riccardo Leone, Davide Moroni, Gabriele Pieri, Matteo Petracca, Ovidio Salvetti, Andrea Azzarà, Francesco Marino
Smart cities are demanding solutions for improved traffic efficiency, in order to guarantee optimal access to mobility resources available in urban areas. Intelligent video analytics deployed directly on board embedded sensors offers great opportunities to gather highly informative data about traffic and transport, allowing reconstruction of a real-time neat picture of urban mobility patterns. In this paper, we present a visual sensor network in which each node embeds computer vision logics for analyzing in real time urban traffic...
November 10, 2017: Sensors
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