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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813630/gender-similarities-and-differences-for-e-health-behaviors-among-u-s-adults
#1
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813536/tuberculosis-patients-in-an-indian-mega-city-where-do-they-live-and-where-are-they-diagnosed
#2
Ramnath Subbaraman, Beena E Thomas, Senthil Sellappan, Chandra Suresh, Lavanya Jayabal, Savari Lincy, Agnes L Raja, Allison McFall, Sunil Suhas Solomon, Kenneth H Mayer, Soumya Swaminathan
OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major source of mortality in urban India, with many structural challenges to optimal care delivery. In the government TB program in Chennai, India's fourth most populous city, there is a 49% gap between the official number of smear-positive TB patients diagnosed and the official number registered in TB treatment within the city in 2014. We hypothesize that this "urban registration gap" is partly due to rural patients temporarily visiting the city for diagnostic evaluation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813029/joint-mobile-data-collection-and-wireless-energy-transfer-in-wireless-rechargeable-sensor-networks
#3
Ping Zhong, Ya-Ting Li, Wei-Rong Liu, Gui-Hua Duan, Ying-Wen Chen, Neal Xiong
In wireless rechargeable sensor networks (WRSNs), there is a way to use mobile vehicles to charge node and collect data. It is a rational pattern to use two types of vehicles, one is for energy charging, and the other is for data collecting. These two types of vehicles, data collection vehicles (DCVs) and wireless charging vehicles (WCVs), are employed to achieve high efficiency in both data gathering and energy consumption. To handle the complex scheduling problem of multiple vehicles in large-scale networks, a twice-partition algorithm based on center points is proposed to divide the network into several parts...
August 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811269/point-of-sale-tobacco-advertising-and-display-bans-policy-evaluation-study-in-five-russian-cities
#4
Ryan David Kennedy, Ashley Grant, Mark Spires, Joanna E Cohen
BACKGROUND: The tobacco industry uses point-of-sale (POS) advertising, promotion, and product display to increase consumption of its products among current users, to attract new consumers, and to encourage former customers to resume tobacco use. As part of a comprehensive tobacco control effort, Russia-having one of the highest tobacco use prevalence rates in the world-enacted legislation that banned tobacco POS advertising, effective November 15, 2013, and banned the display of tobacco and the sale of cigarettes in kiosks, effective June 1, 2014...
August 15, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810990/gait-and-functional-outcomes-for-young-active-males-with-traumatic-unilateral-transfemoral-limb-loss
#5
Caitlin E Mahon, Alison L Pruziner, Brad D Hendershot, Erik J Wolf, Benjamin J Darter, K Bo Foreman, Joseph B Webster
OBJECTIVE: Altered body structures that occur with the loss of a lower limb can impact mobility and quality of life. Specifically, biomechanical changes that result from wearing a prosthesis have been associated with an increased risk of falls or joint degeneration, as well as increased energy demands. While previous studies describing these outcomes are typically limited by number of outcome measures and/or small, diverse patient groups, recent military conflicts present a unique opportunity to collect outcomes from a relatively homogenous, active patient population with limb loss...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810571/docosahexaenoic-acid-inhibits-the-phosphorylation-of-stat3-and-the-growth-and-invasion-of-renal-cancer-cells
#6
Shinsuke Tasaki, Akio Horiguchi, Takako Asano, Keiichi Ito, Tomohiko Asano, Hirotaka Asakura
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has a variety of anti-tumor activities. The present study examined the anti-tumor activity of DHA in renal cancer cells and its underlying mechanisms of action. The effects of DHA on the viability and proliferation of the human renal cancer cell lines Caki-1 and 786-O were examined by an MTS assay and cell counting. In addition, cell cycle distribution and cell apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry and Annexin V staining, and modulation of cell mobility and invasiveness was assessed by wound healing and Matrigel invasion assays...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809754/associations-of-built-environment-and-children-s-physical-activity-a-narrative-review
#7
Houshmand E Masoumi
PROBLEM: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the associations of the built environment with physical activity of children in order to find to theoretically facilitate intervention and prevention measures...
August 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808757/ct-guided-percutaneous-trans-scapular-lung-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-peripheral-pulmonary-lesion-nodules-of-the-superior-lobes-using-large-needles
#8
Alberto Rebonato, Daniele Maiettini, Marco Andolfi, Matthias J Fischer, Jacopo Vannucci, Giulio Metro, Antonio Basile, Michele Rossi, Michele Duranti
PURPOSE: CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic lung needle biopsy (PLB) is an effective procedure for obtaining cyto-histological diagnoses of peripheral lesions. However, upper postero-lateral lung nodules (UPLN) may be difficult to reach using a standard intercostal either anterior or lateral approach or when the nodule is just behind a rib or scapula. We evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of trans-scapular approach (tPLB) in these patients using large-core needles. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the data of 11 consecutive patients (mean age 74...
August 14, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804995/assessing-the-need-for-arthritis-training-among-paid-carers-in-uk-residential-care-homes-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#9
Paul Whybrow, Suzanne Moffatt, Lesley Kay, Ben Thompson, Terry Aspray, Rachel Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to perform an educational and training needs assessment for arthritis care in residential homes. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from three purposively selected residential homes: one independent, one in a regional chain and one in a national chain. Three researcher-led focus groups were conducted with paid carers (N = 22) using vignette exercises; interviews were undertaken with 12 residents with joint pain (N = 12), five managerial staff and two general practitioners (GPs)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803241/gender-specific-aspects-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-undergoing-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#10
Doris Posch, Werner Rabitsch, Philipp Wohlfarth, Michael Leiner, Edit Porpaczy, Johannes Drach, Markus Raderer, Wolfgang Lamm
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on gender-specific aspects in hematologic malignancies and have been obtained mostly in non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The objective of this study was to investigate gender-specific aspects in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). METHODS: A retrospective data analysis of 191 patients with MM who underwent ASCT was performed. Data collected from clinical records included age, sex, stage, induction therapy, outcome of induction, kind of stem cell mobilization, response to induction therapy and ASCT, cytogenetic aberrations, progression-free survival, and overall survival...
August 12, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802332/new-algorithms-for-processing-time-series-big-eeg-data-within-mobile-health-monitoring-systems
#11
Mohamed Adel Serhani, Mohamed El Menshawy, Abdelghani Benharref, Saad Harous, Alramzana Nujum Navaz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent advances in miniature biomedical sensors, mobile smartphones, wireless communications, and distributed computing technologies provide promising techniques for developing mobile health systems. Such systems are capable of monitoring epileptic seizures reliably, which are classified as chronic diseases. Three challenging issues raised in this context with regard to the transformation, compression, storage, and visualization of big data, which results from a continuous recording of epileptic seizures using mobile devices...
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801752/biosimilar-g-csf-versus-filgrastim-and-lenograstim-in-healthy-unrelated-volunteer-hematopoietic-stem-cell-donors
#12
Roiya Farhan, Elżbieta Urbanowska, Hanna Zborowska, Małgorzata Król, Maria Król, Tigran Torosian, Iwona Piotrowska, Krzysztof Bogusz, Kamila Skwierawska, Wiesław Wiktor-Jędrzejczak, Emilian Snarski
The World Marrow Donor Organization recommends original granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for the mobilization of stem cells in healthy unrelated hematopoietic stem cell donors. We report the comparison of a biosimilar G-CSF (Zarzio) with two original G-CSFs (filgrastim and lenograstim) in mobilization in unrelated donors. We included data of 313 consecutive donors who were mobilized during the period from October 2014 to March 2016 at the Medical University of Warsaw. The primary endpoints of this study were the efficiency of CD34+ cell mobilization to the circulation and results of the first apheresis...
August 11, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801449/engraftment-and-in-vivo-proliferation-advantage-of-gene-corrected-mobilized-cd34-cells-from-fanconi-anemia-patients
#13
Paula Río, Susana Navarro, Guillermo Guenechea, Rebeca Sánchez-Domínguez, Maria Luisa Lamana, Rosa Yañez, Jose A Casado, Parinda A Mehta, Maria Roser Pujol, Jordi Surrallés, Sabine Charrier, Anne Galy, José C Segovia, Cristina Díaz de Heredia, Julián Sevilla, Juan Bueren
Previous Fanconi anemia (FA) gene therapy studies have failed to demonstrate engraftment of gene corrected hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) from FA patients, either after autologous transplantation or infusion into immunodeficient mice. In this study we demonstrate that a validated short transduction protocol of G-CSF plus plerixafor-mobilized CD34(+) cells from FA-A patients with a therapeutic FANCA-lentiviral vector corrects the phenotype of in vitro cultured hematopoietic progenitor cells. Transplantation of transduced FA CD34(+) cells into immunodeficient mice resulted in reproducible engraftment of myeloid, lymphoid and CD34(+) cells...
August 11, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801210/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-hand-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-and-cardiovascular-events-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Tetyana Kendzerska, Peter Jüni, Lauren K King, Ruth Croxford, Ian Stanaitis, Gillian A Hawker
OBJECTIVE: In this population-based cohort study, we examined the association between the presence of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) and risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. METHOD: A cohort aged ≥55 years recruited from 1996-98 was followed through provincial health administrative data to 2014. Demographics, joint complaints and functional limitations were collected. Hip, knee and hand OA were defined using a validated definition. Using Cox-regressions, the relationship between OA and a composite CV outcome (myocardial infarction, stroke, angina, heart failure, revascularization) was assessed controlling for age, BMI, sex, pre-existing metabolic factors, comorbidities, income status, primary care exposure and functional limitations...
August 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801200/perioperative-mortality-for-patients-with-a-hip-fracture
#15
Bassey Nkanang, Martyn Parker, Emily Parker, Richard Griffiths
INTRODUCTION: Studies on mortality following hip fracture surgery have hitherto focused on the 30 day to 1 year period and beyond. This study focuses on the immediate perioperative period. It examines mortality rates, patient characteristics, operative details and post-operative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of a hip fracture database in a large District General Hospital in the United Kingdom, from 1986 to 2015. A dataset of 9393 patients was identified, including patients undergoing surgery for curative and palliative purposes, over fifteen years of age and with no upper age limit imposed...
July 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799216/device-measured-physical-activity-as-a-predictor-of-disability-in-mobility-limited-older-adults
#16
Robert T Mankowski, Stephen D Anton, Robert Axtell, Shyh-Huei Chen, Roger A Fielding, Nancy W Glynn, Fang-Chi Hsu, Abby C King, Andrew S Layne, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Catrine Tudor-Locke, David E Conroy, Thomas W Buford
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and incidence of major mobility disability (MMD) and persistent MMD (PMMD) in older adults in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. DESIGN: Prospective cohort of individuals aged 65 and older undergoing structured PA intervention or health education. SETTING: The LIFE Study was a multicenter (eight sites) randomized controlled trial designed to compare the efficacy of a long-term structured PA intervention with that of a health education (HE) program in reducing the incidence of MMD in mobility-limited older adults...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799133/tablets-for-image-review-and-communication-in-daily-routine-of-orthopedic-surgeons-an-evaluation-study
#17
Sven Y Vetter, Svenja Schüler, Matthes Hackbusch, Michael Müller, Benedict Swartman, Marc Schnetzke, Paul Alfred Grützner, Jochen Franke
Medical images are essential in modern traumatology and orthopedic surgery. Access to images is often cumbersome due to a limited number of workstations. Moreover, due to the tremendous increase of data, the time to review or to communicate images has also become limited. One approach to overcome these problems is to make use of modern mobile devices, like tablet computers, to facilitate image access and associated workflows. Ten orthopedic surgeons were equipped with an Apple iPad mini 2 and specialized viewing software for medical images...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797670/the-role-of-alluvial-aquifer-sediments-in-attenuating-a-dissolved-arsenic-plume
#18
Brady A Ziegler, Madeline E Schreiber, Isabelle M Cozzarelli
In a crude-oil-contaminated sandy aquifer at the Bemidji site in northern Minnesota, biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons has resulted in release of naturally occurring As to groundwater under Fe-reducing conditions. This study used chemical extractions of aquifer sediments collected in 1993 and 2011-2014 to evaluate the relationship between Fe and As in different redox zones (oxic, methanogenic, Fe-reducing, anoxic-suboxic transition) of the contaminated aquifer over a twenty-year period. Results show that 1) the aquifer has the capacity to naturally attenuate the plume of dissolved As, primarily through sorption; 2) Fe and As are linearly correlated in sediment across all redox zones, and a regression analysis between Fe and As reasonably predicted As concentrations in sediment from 1993 using only Fe concentrations; 3) an As-rich "iron curtain," associated with the anoxic-suboxic transition zone, migrated 30m downgradient between 1993 and 2013 as a result of the hydrocarbon plume evolution; and 4) silt lenses in the aquifer preferentially sequester dissolved As, though As is remobilized into groundwater from sediment after reducing conditions are established...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792256/triage-of-septic-patients-using-qsofa-criteria-at-the-samu-regulation-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
R Jouffroy, A Saade, A Carpentier, S Ellouze, P Philippe, R Idialisoa, P Carli, B Vivien
PURPOSE: One of the major prognostic factors in the management of sepsis is the early initiation of appropriate treatment. To serve this purpose, early identification and triage of patients are crucial steps, which are still not optimal. The objective of this study was to determine whether the quick Sequential (Sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score is an accurate method for prehospital triaging of septic patients. We evaluated whether the use of qSOFA criteria collected by the Service Mobile d'Urgence et de Réanimation 15 (SAMU 15) regulation call center during prehospital care would facilitate appropriate intensive care unit (ICU) admission of patients with septic syndromes...
August 9, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783556/foot-structure-is-significantly-associated-to-subtalar-joint-kinetics-and-mechanical-energetics
#20
Jayishni N Maharaj, Andrew G Cresswell, Glen A Lichtwark
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Foot structure has been implicated as a risk factor of numerous overuse injuries, however, the mechanism linking foot structure and the development of soft-tissue overuse injuries are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify factors that could predict foot function during walking. METHODS: A total of eleven variables (including measures of foot structure, anthropometry and spatiotemporal gait characteristics) were investigated for their predictive ability on identifying kinematic, kinetic and energetic components of the foot...
July 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
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