keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

thyroid, adrenals,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294170/exploring-inter-organ-crosstalk-to-uncover-mechanisms-that-regulate-%C3%AE-cell-function-and-mass
#1
REVIEW
J Shirakawa, D F De Jesus, R N Kulkarni
Impaired β-cell function and insufficient β-cell mass compensation are twin pathogenic features that underlie type 2 diabetes (T2D). Current therapeutic strategies continue to evolve to improve treatment outcomes in different ethnic populations and include approaches to counter insulin resistance and improve β-cell function. Although the effects of insulin secretion on metabolic organs such as liver, skeletal muscle and adipose is directly relevant for improving glucose uptake and reduce hyperglycemia, the ability of pancreatic β-cells to crosstalk with multiple non-metabolic tissues is providing novel insights into potential opportunities for improving β-cell function and/or mass that could have beneficial effects in patients with diabetes...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276947/assessment-of-depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-coping-in-long-standing-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2-patients
#2
Karine Candido Rodrigues, Rodrigo Almeida Toledo, Flavia Lima Coutinho, Adriana Bezerra Nunes, Rui M B Maciel, Ana Oliveira Hoff, Marcos C Tavares, Sergio P A Toledo, Delmar Muniz Lourenço
BACKGROUND: Scarce data on psychological harm in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) are available. OBJECTIVES: To assess anxiety, depression, quality of life and coping in long-standing MEN2 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three adults (age ≥ 18 y) with clinical and genetic diagnosis of MEN2 and long-term follow-up (10.6±8.2 years; 1-33). A cross-sectional study with qualitative and quantitative psychological assessment using semi-directed interviews and HADS, EORTC QLQ C30 and MINI-MAC scales...
March 9, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271050/incidental-finding-of-adrenal-oncocytoma-after-right-robotic-adrenalectomy-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Othman Alamoudi, Wael Alsulaiman, Naif Aldhaam, Maher Moazin
Oncocytic neoplasms occur in several organs and are most commonly found in the thyroid, kidneys and salivary glands. Oncocytic neoplasms of the adrenal cortex are extremely rare and are usually non-functioning, benign and incidentally detected. However, histologically, they are characterized by cells with eosinophilic granular cytoplasm and numerous packed mitochondria. We report a case of 33 year old lady medically free complain of right flank pain radiated to the lower abdomen, not associated with any aggravating or relieving factor or any other symptom there was no evidence of hypertension symptom, by the Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that she has large heterogeneous mass seen at the right adrenal gland, and it was managed successfully by Robot-Assisted Right Adrenalectomy...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259326/extrapulmonary-findings-and-malignancies-in-participants-screened-with-chest-ct-in-the-national-lung-screening-trial
#4
Xuan V Nguyen, Louise Davies, James D Eastwood, Jenny K Hoang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of clinically significant extrapulmonary findings on chest CT for lung cancer screening in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST). METHODS: Prospectively acquired data on 17,309 participants who underwent low-dose screening chest CT from August 2002 through September 2007 during the NLST were retrospectively analyzed for extrapulmonary findings. NLST radiologist readers coded such findings as "minor" or "potentially significant...
March 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255981/bilateral-primary-pigmented-nodular-adrenal-disease-as-a-component-of-carney-syndrome-case-report
#5
Dorota Sikorska, Lucyna Bednarek-Papierska, Ewa Mojs, Ewa Makowska, Marek Ruchała, Włodzimierz Samborski
We report a case of a 20-year-old patient with Cushing's syndrome as a component of Carney syndrome. Carney syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease with co-existing bilateral pigmented nodular adrenal disease, heart and skin myxoma, skin pigmentation, breast fibroadenoma, testicular and ovarian tumours, thyroid tumours, and pituitary adenomas. (Endokrynol Pol 2017; 68 (1): 70-72).
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255974/thyroid-lesions-in-patients-with-acromegaly-case-control-study-and-update-to-the-meta-analysis
#6
Kosma Woliński, Adam Stangierski, Edyta Gurgul, Barbara Bromińska, Agata Czarnywojtek, Martha Lodyga, Marek Ruchała
INTRODUCTION: Acromegaly results from oversecretion of growth hormone and subsequently insulin growth factor-1. According to some authors, the disease can cause increased prevalence of nodular goitre and thyroid cancer (TC). However, the number of studies comparing acromegalic patients with control groups is low. We aimed to assess the prevalence of thyroid lesions in patients with acromegaly in comparison to an age- and sex-matched control group and to update the meta-analysis previously performed in our department by the same authors...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239466/nivolumab-induced-myxedema-crisis
#7
Uqba Khan, Humaira Rizvi, Dahlia Sano, Jane Chiu, Tarik Hadid
BACKGROUND: Nivolumab is an anti-programmed cell death (anti-PD-1) monoclonal antibody that is approved by Food and Drug Administration for treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, metastatic melanoma, relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma and advanced renal cell cancer. We report a rare case of myxedema crisis induced by nivolumab in a patient with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of lung. CASE PRESENTATION: Fifty three-year old woman with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma currently on treatment with nivolumab presented with diffuse facial and tongue swelling, slurred speech, depressed mentation, fatigue and weakness...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219987/a-unique-angiotensin-sensitive-neuronal-population-coordinates-neuroendocrine-cardiovascular-and-behavioral-responses-to-stress
#8
Annette D de Kloet, Lei Wang, Soledad Pitra, Helmut Hiller, Justin A Smith, Yalun Tan, Dani Nguyen, Karlena M Cahill, Colin Sumners, Javier E Stern, Eric G Krause
Stress elicits neuroendocrine, autonomic and behavioral responses that mitigate homeostatic imbalance and ensure survival; however, chronic engagement of such responses promotes psychological, cardiovascular and metabolic impairments. Over recent years, the renin-angiotensin system has emerged as a key mediator of stress responding and its related pathologies, but the neuronal circuits that orchestrate these interactions are not known. These studies combine the use of the Cre-recombinase/loxP system in mice with optogenetics to structurally and functionally characterize angiotensin type-1a receptor-containing neurons of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, the goal being to determine the extent of their involvement in the regulation of stress responses...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217586/occult-endocrine-dysfunction-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-of-liver
#9
K V S Hari Kumar, A K Pawah, Manish Manrai
BACKGROUND: Liver dysfunction leads to endocrine disturbance due to the alteration in protein metabolism or synthesis. We studied the presence of occult endocrine dysfunction in liver cirrhosis and compared the same with underlying etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated thirty patients with liver cirrhosis in this cross-sectional, observational study. All subjects were assessed for pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, and gonadal function. The patients were divided into Group 1 (cirrhosis, n = 30) and Group 2 (controls, n = 15) and the data were analyzed with appropriate statistical tests...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155838/periprosthetic-metastatic-lesion-in-stem-region-after-tha-case-study
#10
Janusz Płomiński, Artur Pepłoński, Mateusz Jeśkiewicz
The paper describes a periprosthetic metastatic lesion in the stem region which developed 4 years after cementless total hip arthroplasty in a 64-year-old female patient. The patient underwent primary THA due to osteoarthritis in 2010. In June 2014, she presented with increasing hip pain. Diagnostic imaging revealed a periprosthetic osteolytic lesion in the stem region. The patient was referred to the Orthopaedic Department for further evaluation with a suspicion of pyogenic osteomyelitis. An open surgical biopsy was performed...
November 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148588/lesson-of-the-month-1-subacute-thyroiditis-a-rare-cause-of-fever-of-unknown-origin
#11
Fatima Amar Bahowairath, Nicholas Woodhouse, Samir Hussain, Mujahid Al Busaidi
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is sometimes a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians. Endocrine causes reported in the literature include subacute thyroiditis, thyrotoxicosis, adrenal insufficiency and pheochromocytoma. Among these, subacute thyroiditis is often overlooked as it can occasionally lack typical symptoms. This case illustrates the fact that subacute thyroiditis should be considered as a possible cause of fever even if signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism and thyroid tenderness are absent.
February 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134695/multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2b-unmasked-by-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-131i-mibg-spect-ct
#12
Xun Sun, Maher Mohamad Rajab Arnous, Xiaoli Lan
F-FDG PET/CT was performed to detect an occult malignancy in a 26-year-old woman with complicated medical history which included paroxysmal hypertension and significantly elevated tumor marker. The images revealed lesions in the thyroid, lymph nodes, and bilateral adrenal glands. Further I-MIBG SPECT/CT revealed intense activity in the lesion in the left adrenal gland, which was consistent with pheochromocytoma. The pathology examination after subsequent neck biopsy demonstrated medullary thyroid carcinoma...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127743/metachronous-solitary-metastasis-to-the-thyroid-gland-from-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lung-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Francesco Gelsomino, Giuseppe Lamberti, Valentina Ambrosini, Francesca Sperandi, Roberto Agosti, Alessio G Morganti, Andrea Ardizzoni
INTRODUCTION: Non-small cell lung cancer presents at an advanced stage at diagnosis in two-thirds of cases. The most frequent metastatic sites are the central nervous system, adrenal glands and bones. By contrast, the thyroid gland is an extremely rare site of dissemination. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year-old Caucasian man previously treated with radiosurgery and brain metastasectomy followed by right middle lobectomy for a squamous cell lung carcinoma had a metachronous solitary metastasis to the thyroid gland, as confirmed by fine-needle aspiration cytology and open biopsy...
January 23, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123549/factors-related-to-endocrine-changes-and-hormone-substitution-treatment-during-pre-and-post-operation-stages-in-craniopharyngioma
#14
Fenglei Sun, Xintang Sun, Xiaolong Du, Hongshun Xing, Bin Yang
Factors related to endocrine changes and hormone substitution treatment during pre- and post-operation periods in craniopharyngioma cases were examined. Twenty patients who underwent tumor resection from January 2012 to January 2015 were included in the study. We monitored factors related to endocrine changes and hormone substitution treatment during pre- and post-operation periods. Blood thyroid-stimulating hormone, triiodothyronine, thyroxine, prolactin, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and cortisol levels were measured in the patients...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093870/acute-management-of-autoimmune-toxicity-in-cancer-patients-on-immunotherapy-common-toxicities-and-the-approach-for-the-emergency-physician
#15
Anna J Lomax, Catriona McNeil
When a patient receiving anti-cancer treatment presents acutely unwell, an understanding of associated side effects of their therapy is critical. This review will discuss the approach to patients receiving anti-cancer treatment with immunotherapy presenting with autoimmune toxicities in the emergency setting. These toxicities are commonly referred to as immune-related adverse events (irAE). IrAE might consist of, but are not limited to, dermatologic, gastrointestinal (diarrhoea, colitis), hepatic, endocrine (thyroid dysfunction, hypophysitis, adrenal crisis), renal, ocular and pulmonary toxicity...
January 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088216/immunohistochemical-features-of-giant-cell-ependymoma-of-the-filum-terminale-with-unusual-clinical-and-radiological-presentation
#16
Fernando Candanedo-Gonzalez, Cindy Sharon Ortiz-Arce, Samuel Rosales-Perez, Ana Lilia Remirez-Castellanos, Candelaria Cordova-Uscanga, Armando Gamboa-Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Giant cell ependymoma of the filum terminale is a rare variant, generally manifested as a well-circunscribed intradural mass with an indolent biological behavior. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 48-year-old Mexican female who non-relevant past medical history, that developed a GCE of the filum terminale. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography revealed the presence of an intra-axial tumor extending from L3 to L5 with extra-medullary invasion...
January 14, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068878/long-term-control-of-hypercortisolism-by-vandetanib-in-a-case-of-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-with-a-somatic-ret-mutation
#17
Anne-Cécile Paepegaey, Béatrix Cochand-Priollet, Estelle Louiset, Pierre-Olivier Sarfati, Marco Alifano, Nelly Burnichon, Marie Bienvenu-Perrard, Najiba Lahlou, Léopoldine Bricaire, Lionel Groussin
BACKGROUND: Medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTCs) complicated by ectopic Cushing's syndrome (CS) have a poor prognosis, partially due to the difficulty in controlling hypercortisolism by adrenal blocking drugs. Recent reports (including the initial follow-up of this patient) have suggested that tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) may be a therapeutic option due to an anti-secretory action on ACTH. However, there is a lack of long-term follow-up studies. PATIENT FINDINGS: The case is reported of a 58-year-old man with MTC-related CS resistant to a combination of several anti-cortisolic drugs...
March 13, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008293/hormonal-and-echocardiographic-abnormalities-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia-in-bahrain
#18
Taysir S Garadah, Ahmed A Jaradat, Mohammed E Alalawi, Adla B Hassan
BACKGROUND: Adrenal, thyroid, and parathyroid gland hormonal changes are recognized in children with homozygous (HbSS) sickle-cell anemia (SCA), but are not clear in adult patients with SCA. AIM: To assess the metabolic and endocrine abnormalities in adult patients with SCA and evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions compared with patients with no SCA and further study the relationship between serum levels of cortisol, free thyroxine (T4), and testosterone with serum ferritin...
2016: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008098/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-increases-cortisol-and-catecholamine-concentrations-in-healthy-subjects
#19
Gabriele Grimm, Michael Resl, Birgit B Heinisch, Martin Hülsmann, Anton Luger, Martin Clodi, Greisa Vila
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone released by the heart in response to volume load and exerts natriuretic properties. It is clinically used as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker, and investigated as a pharmacological agent in the therapy of heart failure. Here we investigate the changes in pituitary, adrenal and thyroid hormones in response to BNP administration in a randomized single-blinded cross-over study conducted in ten healthy men aged 21-29 years. Participants received in two study sessions a continuous intravenous infusion during four hours (once placebo and once three pmol/kg/min BNP) and remained in supine position throughout the study...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004764/sheehan-syndrome
#20
Züleyha Karaca, Bashir A Laway, Hatice S Dokmetas, Hulusi Atmaca, Fahrettin Kelestimur
Sheehan syndrome or postpartum hypopituitarism is a condition characterized by hypopituitarism due to necrosis of the pituitary gland. The initial insult is caused by massive postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), leading to impaired blood supply to the pituitary gland, which has become enlarged during pregnancy. Small sella turcica size, vasospasms (caused by PPH) and/or thrombosis (associated with pregnancy or coagulation disorders) are predisposing factors; autoimmunity might be involved in the progressive worsening of pituitary functions...
December 22, 2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
keyword
keyword
37284
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"