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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937534/the-spread-of-ultrasound-guided-injectate-from-the-adductor-canal-to-the-genicular-branch-of-the-posterior-obturator-nerve-and-the-popliteal-plexus-a-cadaveric-study
#1
Charlotte Runge, Bernhard Moriggl, Jens Børglum, Thomas Fichtner Bendtsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The popliteal nerve plexus contributes to afferent knee-pain conduction. It is mainly formed by genicular branches from the posterior obturator and the tibial nerves, innervating the intra-articular and posterior knee region. A subinguinal obturator nerve block alleviates pain after total knee arthroplasty. Reduced hip adductor motor function could be avoided by a posterior obturator nerve block inside the popliteal fossa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the spread of dye after a distal adductor canal (AC) injection to the popliteal fossa and coloring of the popliteal plexus and the genicular branch of the posterior obturator nerve by dissection...
September 20, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936071/goniometric-assessment-of-muscle-tone-of-preterm-infants-and-impact-of-gestational-age-on-its-maturation-in-indian-setting
#2
Rajni Farmania, S Sitaraman, Rashmi Ranjan Das
CONTEXT: The normative data on muscle tone of preterm infants by goniometric assessment in Indian setting are scarce. AIM: The aim of this study it to provide a normative objective data of muscle tone of preterm infants by gestation using goniometer. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective, observational study including preterm infants admitted in a tertiary care hospital from North India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The objective dimension of muscle tone assessment of 204 healthy preterm infants was done; 61 infants completed follow-up till 40 weeks' postconceptional age (PCA) and were compared to term infants...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931339/limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2i-two-chinese-families-and-a-review-in-asian-patients
#3
Dan-Ni Wang, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Yu-Qing Chen, Guo-Rong Xu, Min-Ting Lin, Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2I (LGMD2I) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder caused by mutations in the fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene. Although the features of the disorder in European patients have been summarized, Asian patients with LGMD2I have rarely been reported. Thus, the clinical differences in LGMD2I between Asian and European patients and the associated genetic changes remain unclear. METHODS: We reported detailed clinical data as well as results from muscle biopsy, muscle MRI and genetic analysis of the FKRP gene in two unrelated Chinese families with LGMD2I...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930857/adductor-canal-block-with-local-infiltrative-analgesia-compared-with-local-infiltrate-analgesia-for-pain-control-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Qiujuan Xing, Weiwei Dai, Dongfeng Zhao, Ji Wu, Chunshui Huang, Yun Zhao
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of the combined adductor canal block with peri-articular infiltration versus periarticular infiltration alone for pain control after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify articles comparing the combined adductor canal block with peri-articular infiltration and periarticular infiltration alone for pain control after TKA...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927659/socioeconomic-variables-of-patients-with-spasmodic-dysphonia-a-preliminary-study
#5
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Robert T Sataloff, Patricia A Shewokis, Amanda Hu
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To characterize socioeconomic status (SES) variables of spasmodic dysphonia (SD) patients and determine their impact on voice outcomes after treatment with botulinum toxin. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SD patients treated with botulinum toxin for the past 10 years (July 2007-July 2017) for whom sufficient SES and outcome data were available were included. Spearman rho nonparametric correlation coefficients were calculated to determine if SES variables were significantly associated with self-perceived vocal quality...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922313/lateral-perturbation-induced-stepping-strategies-and-predictors-in-persons-poststroke
#6
Vicki L Gray, Chieh-Ling Yang, Sandy McCombe Waller, Mark W Rogers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls commonly occur as weight is transferred laterally, and impaired reactive stepping responses are associated with falls after stroke. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in and the determinants of mediolateral (M-L) protective stepping strategies when pulled off balance toward the paretic and nonparetic sides. METHODS: Eighteen individuals more than 6 months poststroke were pulled in the M-L direction by a lateral waist-pull perturbation system...
October 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920167/comparison-of-efficacy-between-dorsal-root-entry-zone-lesioning-and-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-for-spasticity-of-cerebral-origin
#7
Bunpot Sitthinamsuwan, Luckchai Phonwijit, Inthira Khampalikit, Akkapong Nitising, Sarun Nunta-Aree, Sirilak Suksompong
BACKGROUND: Severe spasticity adversely affects patient functional status and caregiving. No previous study has compared efficacy between dorsal root entry zone lesioning (DREZL) and selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) for reduction of spasticity. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of DREZL and SDR for attenuating spasticity, and to compare efficacy between these two methods. METHODS: All patients who underwent DREZL, SDR, or both for treatment of intractable spasticity caused by cerebral pathology at Siriraj Hospital during 2009 to 2016 were recruited...
September 17, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911815/haemocytes-from-crassostrea-gigas-and-oshv-1-a-promising-in-vitro-system-to-study-host-virus-interactions
#8
Benjamin Morga, Nicole Faury, Stéphane Guesdon, Bruno Chollet, Tristan Renault
Since 2008, mass mortality outbreaks associated with the detection of particular variants of OsHV-1 have been reported in Crassostrea gigas spat and juveniles in several countries. Recent studies have reported information on viral replication during experimental infection. Viral DNA and RNA were also detected in the haemolymph and haemocytes suggesting that the virus could circulate through the circulatory system. However, it is unknown if the virus is free in the haemolymph, passively associated at the surface of haemocytes, or able to infect and replicate inside these cells inducing (or not) virion production...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902760/common-ice-hockey-injuries-and-treatment-a-current-concepts-review
#9
William Mosenthal, Michael Kim, Robert Holzshu, Bryan Hanypsiak, Aravind Athiviraham
Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902098/repair-of-the-thumb-ulnar-collateral-ligament-with-suture-tape-augmentation
#10
Anthony F De Giacomo, Steven S Shin
One of the most commonly injured structures of the thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint is the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL). An acute injury of this ligament is often amenable to primary repair. Despite the favorable outcomes of primary repair, the thumb is often restricted during initial healing of the ligament with immobilization and delayed rehabilitation. We present a novel technique to augment the repair of the UCL with suture tape to provide immediate biomechanical support and strength during the critical time of ligament healing...
September 8, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893285/estimates-of-individual-muscle-power-production-in-normal-adult-walking
#11
Ross A Bogey, Lee A Barnes
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of individual hip muscles to the net hip power in normal adult self-selected speed walking. A further goal was to examine each muscle's role in propulsion or support of the body during that task. METHODS: An EMG-to-force processing (EFP) model was developed which scaled muscle-tendon unit (MTU) force output to gait EMG. Active muscle power was defined as the product of MTU forces (derived from EFP) and that muscle's contraction velocity...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891759/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-sphygmomanometer-for-hip-strength-assessment-in-australian-football-players
#12
Liam Anthony Toohey, Marcos de Noronha, Carolyn Taylor, James Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the sphygmomanometer for the assessment of the adductor squeeze test and isometric hip abduction strength and to investigate the concurrent validity of the sphygmomanometer for the assessment of hip muscular strength. METHOD: Thirty-two healthy adult male community Australian football players (age 23.9 ± 4.5 years) were assessed by two blinded raters that measured the strength of the adductor squeeze test and isometric hip abduction, using a commercially available sphygmomanometer...
September 11, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889091/mri-in-sarcoglycanopathies-a-large-international-cohort-study
#13
Giorgio Tasca, Mauro Monforte, Jordi Díaz-Manera, Giacomo Brisca, Claudio Semplicini, Adele D'Amico, Fabiana Fattori, Anna Pichiecchio, Angela Berardinelli, Lorenzo Maggi, Elio Maccagnano, Nicoline Løkken, Chiara Marini-Bettolo, Francina Munell, Angel Sanchez, Nahla Alshaikh, Nicol C Voermans, Jahannaz Dastgir, Dmitry Vlodavets, Jana Haberlová, Gianmichele Magnano, Maggie C Walter, Susana Quijano-Roy, Robert-Yves Carlier, Baziel G M van Engelen, John Vissing, Volker Straub, Carsten G Bönnemann, Eugenio Mercuri, Francesco Muntoni, Elena Pegoraro, Enrico Bertini, Bjarne Udd, Enzo Ricci, Claudio Bruno
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the pattern and spectrum of involvement on muscle MRI in a large cohort of patients with sarcoglycanopathies, which are limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD2C-2F) caused by mutations in one of the four genes coding for muscle sarcoglycans. METHODS: Lower limb MRI scans of patients with LGMD2C-2F, ranging from severe childhood variants to milder adult-onset forms, were collected in 17 neuromuscular referral centres in Europe and USA...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888537/a-gtp-dependent-phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxykinase-from-crassostrea-gigas-involved-in-immune-recognition
#14
Zhao Lv, Limei Qiu, Weilin Wang, Zhaoqun Liu, Zhuang Xue, Zichao Yu, Xiaorui Song, Hao Chen, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) is well known as a key enzyme involved in the metabolic pathway of gluconeogenesis in organisms, but the information about its involvement in immune response is still very limited. In the present study, a novel PEPCK homolog named CgPEPCK was identified from oyster Crassostrea gigas. The deduced amino acid sequence of CgPEPCK shared 52%-74% similarities with those from other known PEPCKs. There were one conserved guanosine triphosphate (GTP) binding site, one substrate binding site, one metal binding site and one active site in CgPEPCK...
September 6, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888207/acute-changes-of-hip-joint-range-of-motion-using-selected-clinical-stretching-procedures-a-randomized-crossover-study
#15
Adam M Hammer, Roger L Hammer, Karen V Lomond, Paul O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Hip adductor flexibility and strength is an important component of athletic performance and many activities of daily living. Little research has been done on the acute effects of a single session of stretching on hip abduction range of motion (ROM). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare 3 clinical stretching procedures against passive static stretching and control on ROM and peak isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). DESIGN: Using a randomized crossover study design, a total of 40 participants (20 male and 20 female) who had reduced hip adductor muscle length attended a familiarization session and 5 testing sessions on non-consecutive days...
September 1, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882933/caecal-cancer-presenting-as-leg-erythema-and-a-lung-opacity
#16
Archik Das, Khalid Hureibi, Muhammad Tayyab, Peter McCullough
Necrotising infection of the lower limb is a rare presentation for colorectal malignancy. We report a case of a perforated caecal adenocarcinoma presenting with right leg erythema, pain and swelling in the presence of a right lower lobe lung opacity. Following initial debridement and washout, CT imaging demonstrated a thickened terminal ileum, caecum and appendix, in keeping with primary malignancy. This fed the right-sided lower limb sepsis tracking down from the medial aspect of the psoas muscle to give rise to the multiloculated collection seen in the adductor compartment...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881388/autosomal-dominant-calpainopathy-due-to-heterozygous-capn3-c-643_663del21
#17
Jennifer M Martinez-Thompson, Zhiyv Niu, Jennifer A Tracy, Steven A Moore, Andrea Swenson, Eric D Wieben, Margherita Milone
INTRODUCTION: A calpain-3 (CAPN3) gene heterozygous deletion (c.643_663del21) was recently linked to autosomal dominant (AD) limb girdle muscular dystrophy. However, the possibility of digenic disease was raised. We describe three families with AD calpainopathy carrying this isolated mutation. METHODS: Probands heterozygous for CAPN3 c.643_663del21 were identified by targeted next generation or whole exome sequencing. Clinical findings were collected for probands and families...
September 7, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880902/clonidine-used-as-a-perineural-adjuvant-to-ropivacaine-does-not-prolong-the-duration-of-sensory-block-when-controlling-for-systemic-effects-a-paired-blinded-randomized-trial-in-healthy-volunteers
#18
Jakob Hessel Andersen, Pia Jaeger, Tobias Laier Sonne, Jørgen Berg Dahl, Ole Mathiesen, Ulrik Grevstad
BACKGROUND: Clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine have been shown to prolong the duration of peripheral nerve blocks. The mechanism of action remains unclear. We hypothesized, that clonidine used as an adjuvant to ropivacaine extends the duration of an adductor canal block (ACB) by a peripheral mechanism, compared to ropivacaine alone when controlling for systemic effects. METHODS: We conducted a paired, blinded, randomized trial in healthy volunteers. Participants received bilateral ACBs containing 20 ml ropivacaine 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872525/thumb-ossification-composite-index-toci-for-predicting-peripubertal-skeletal-maturity-and-peak-height-velocity-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-validation-study-of-premenarchal-girls-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-followed-longitudinally-until-skeletal-maturity
#19
Alec L H Hung, W W Chau, B Shi, Simon K Chow, Fiona Y P Yu, T P Lam, Bobby K W Ng, Y Qiu, Jack C Y Cheng
BACKGROUND: Accurate skeletal maturity assessment is important to guide clinical evaluation of idiopathic scoliosis, but commonly used methods are inadequate or too complex for rapid clinical use. The objective of the study was to propose a new simplified staging method, called the thumb ossification composite index (TOCI), based on the ossification pattern of the 2 thumb epiphyses and the adductor sesamoid bone; to determine its accuracy in predicting skeletal maturation when compared with the Sanders simplified skeletal maturity system (SSMS); and to validate its interrater and intrarater reliability...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872370/neuromuscular-responses-to-conditioned-soccer-sessions-assessed-via-gps-embedded-accelerometers-insights-into-tactical-periodization
#20
Martin Buchheit, Mathieu Lacome, Yannick Cholley, Ben M Simpson
PURPOSE: To 1) examine the reliability of field-based running-specific measures of neuromuscular function assessed via GPS-embedded accelerometers and 2) examine their responses to three typical conditioned sessions (i.e., Strength, Endurance and Speed) in elite soccer players. METHODS: Before and immediately after each session, vertical jump (CMJ) and adductors squeeze strength (Groin) performances were recorded. Players also performed a 4-min run at 12 km/h followed by 4 ~60-m runs (run =12 s, r =33 s)...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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