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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647744/effectiveness-of-supported-self-help-in-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#1
Karolien E M Biesheuvel-Leliefeld, Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Digna J F van Schaik, Harm W J van Marwijk, Filip Smit, Henriette E van der Horst, Claudi L H Bockting
BACKGROUND: The burden and economic consequences of depression are high, mostly due to its recurrent nature. Due to current budget and time restraints, a preventive, low- cost, accessible minimal intervention is much needed. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a supported self-help preventive cognitive therapy (S-PCT) added to treatment as usual (TAU) in primary care, compared to TAU alone. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial among 248 patients with a history of depression, currently in full or partial remission or recovery...
June 24, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645080/relationships-between-patients-attachment-characteristics-and-views-and-use-of-psychiatric-treatment
#2
G Camelia Adams, Lachlan A McWilliams, Andrew J Wrath, Stephen Adams, Dawn De Souza
This study explored the influence of attachment on psychiatric treatment by considering attitudes towards and the use of psychotropic medication and psychotherapy in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. Adults referred to a psychiatrist completed self-report measures and participated in a diagnostic interview based on DSM-IV criteria. Those with depressive, anxiety or adjustment disorders were included (n = 124). Patients reported the types and dosage of current psychotropic medication as well as number of different psychiatrists and psychologists/counselors they had seen in the past 10 years...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643080/elaboration-of-the-reciprocal-engagement-model-of-genetic-counseling-practice-a-qualitative-investigation-of-goals-and-strategies
#3
Krista Redlinger-Grosse, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Bonnie S LeRoy, Heather Zierhut
As the genetic counseling field evolves, a comprehensive model of practice is critical. The Reciprocal-Engagement Model (REM) consists of 5 tenets and 17 goals. Lacking in the REM, however, are well-articulated counselor strategies and behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to further elaborate and provide supporting evidence for the REM by identifying and mapping genetic counseling strategies to the REM goals. A secondary, qualitative analysis was conducted on data from two prior studies: 1) focus group results of genetic counseling outcomes (Redlinger-Grosse et al...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638192/treatment-effect-of-antipsychotics-in-combination-with-horticultural-therapy-on-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#4
Shunhong Zhu, Hengjing Wan, Zhide Lu, Huiping Wu, Qun Zhang, Xiaoqiong Qian, Chenyu Ye
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment method for schizophrenia, horticultural therapy is gaining more attention. However, there is as of now little research investigating this topic as well as a general lack of studies adopting into standard treatment plans. AIMS: Investigate treatment effect of horticultural therapy on patients with schizophrenia and its possibility of standardized application in psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: 110 patients with schizophrenia who met the inclusion criteria and provided informed consent were selected from the rehabilitation ward of the Minhang District Mental Health Center from September 2015 to December 2015...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637262/qualitative-exploration-of-a-smoking-cessation-trial-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa
#5
Nandita Krishnan, Joel Gittelsohn, Alexandra Ross, Jessica Elf, Sandy Chon, Raymond Niaura, Neil Martinson, Jonathan E Golub
Introduction: In South Africa, people living with HIV (PLWH) have a high prevalence of smoking, which undermines the beneficial effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, little is known about barriers to smoking cessation and what interventions work for PLWH in this setting. Methods: A randomized trial comparing intensive anti-smoking counseling versus counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was recently concluded in Klerksdorp, South Africa. In a post-trial follow-up, 23 in-depth interviews with patients and one focus group discussion with counselors from the trial were conducted...
June 16, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626930/positive-youth-development-goes-mainstream
#6
Kristin A Moore
Evidence has accumulated that confirms the success of a positive youth development (PYD) approach. Importantly, a positive development approach is just that-an approach. It is not a particular program or curriculum but a set of practices designed to achieve one or more positive outcomes. As such, PYD practices can be added onto other programs to make positive outcomes more likely. For example, a tutoring program can work hard to hire and train staff to work with students in a trusting, respectful relationship...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623848/very-brief-physician-advice-and-supplemental-proactive-telephone-calls-to-promote-smoking-reduction-and-cessation-in-chinese-male-smokers-with-no-intention-to-quit-a-randomized-trial
#7
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Di Zhang, Hui Tian, Fang Zuo, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is inconsistent evidence that behavioural support to promote smoking reduction is effective at increasing smoking cessation. We examined the effectiveness of a brief physician advice together with four very brief telephone calls in promoting smoking cessation among Chinese men via reduction compared with equivalent advice on diet and exercise. DESIGN: A two-group pragmatic randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Male patients attending the Endocrinology and Acupuncture outpatient clinics of a general hospital in Beijing, China...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622034/the-experiences-of-newly-diagnosed-men-who-have-sex-with-men-entering-the-hiv-care-cascade-in-lima-peru-2015-2016-a-qualitative-analysis-of-counselor-participant-text-message-exchanges
#8
Erik Bayona, Luis Menacho, Eddy R Segura, Gitau Mburu, Fernando Roman, Consuelo Tristan, Elizabeth Bromley, Robinson Cabello
Mobile phone technology (mHealth) is a promising tool that has been used to improve HIV care in high-risk populations worldwide. Understanding patient perspectives of newly diagnosed men who have sex with men (MSM) in Lima, Peru during linkage and engagement in the HIV care continuum can help close the gaps in care following initial HIV diagnosis and ensure retention in continuous care. From June 2015 to March 2016, as part of a randomized controlled trial, 40 MSM participants were linked to care with an mHealth intervention within 3 months of HIV diagnosis at Via Libre clinic...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616832/-if-it-helps-it-s-worth-a-try-an-investigation-of-perceptions-and-attitudes-about-genetic-counseling-among-southern-manitoba-hutterites
#9
Amber P Gemmell, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian MacFarlane, Rachel Riesgraf, Bonnie S LeRoy
Few studies have explored the public's views of genetic counseling services, and even fewer focus on founder populations with high prevalence of genetic disease, such as Hutterites. The Hutterites are an Anabaptist religious group grounded in a strong Christian faith. The primary aim of this study was to assess Hutterites' views of genetic counseling services. A secondary aim was to compare their views to those obtained in a study of rural Midwestern U.S. residents (Riesgraf et al., Journal of Genetic Counseling, 24(4), 565-579, 2015)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608232/emotional-distress-among-physician-residents-and-fellows-an-observational-study-of-trainees-seeking-counseling-visits
#10
Anna Golob, Lauren A Beste, Mindy Stern, Kay Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Emotional distress, burnout, and depression occur frequently among graduate medical education (GME) trainees and may negatively affect patient care, education, and well-being. The authors aimed to characterize the causes and severity of distress among GME trainees seeking on-site counseling services at a large, multi-site, university-based training program in the USA. METHODS: The authors analyzed visits of all GME trainees seeking counseling from 2009 to 2012 and described trainee characteristics, level of distress, chief and secondary complaints, and initial visit outcomes...
June 12, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606000/a-controlled-trial-of-trauma-focused-therapy-versus-problem-solving-in-islamic-children-affected-by-civil-conflict-and-disaster-in-aceh-indonesia
#11
Katie Dawson, Amy Joscelyne, Catherine Meijer, Zachary Steel, Derrick Silove, Richard A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative efficacies of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy and problem-solving therapy in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in children affected by civil conflict in Aceh, Indonesia. METHOD: A controlled trial of children with post-traumatic stress disorder ( N = 64) randomized children to either five individual weekly sessions of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy or problem-solving therapy provided by lay-counselors who were provided with brief training...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604354/mental-health-insurance-parity-and-provider-wages
#12
Ezra Golberstein, Susan H Busch
BACKGROUND: Policymakers frequently mandate that employers or insurers provide insurance benefits deemed to be critical to individuals' well-being. However, in the presence of private market imperfections, mandates that increase demand for a service can lead to price increases for that service, without necessarily affecting the quantity being supplied. We test this idea empirically by looking at mental health parity mandates. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether implementation of parity laws was associated with changes in mental health provider wages...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603149/implementing-and-evaluating-a-counseling-program-in-partnership-with-a-community-based-domestic-violence-service-provider
#13
Michael J Van Wert, Samantha Illangasekare, Jerome Chelliah, Laurie McNeil, Sarah C Smith, Michelle Pentony, Meaghan Tarquinio, Andrea Gielen
BACKGROUND: Given the burden of intimate partner violence (IPV), effective counseling interventions that are accessible to women in their own communities are needed. OBJECTIVES: To describe the collaborative process of implement ing and evaluating a new counseling program for IPV-the Women's Initiative for Safety and Health (WISH)-in a community setting and present results of its Thrst pilot test. METHODS: WISH is a stage-tailored, eight-session counseling program based on the transtheoretical model...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596016/multi-disciplinary-summit-on-genetics-services-for-women-with-gynecologic-cancers-a-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-white-paper
#14
Leslie M Randall, Bhavana Pothuri, Elizabeth M Swisher, John P Diaz, Adam Buchanan, Catherine T Witkop, C Bethan Powell, Ellen Blair Smith, Mark E Robson, Jeff Boyd, Robert L Coleman, Karen Lu
OBJECTIVE: To assess current practice, advise minimum standards, and identify educational gaps relevant to genetic screening, counseling, and testing of women affected by gynecologic cancers. METHODS: The Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) organized a multidisciplinary summit that included representatives from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), the American Society Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC), and patient advocacy groups, BrightPink and Facing our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE)...
June 7, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589245/quitting-mental-health-services-among-racial-and-ethnic-groups-of-americans-with-depression
#15
Orion Mowbray, Rosalyn Denise Campbell, Irang Kim, Jessica A Scott
Research on racial/ethnic differences in quitting mental health services has yet to examine the multiple forms of services offered and reasons why racial/ethnic groups quit. Data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES) examined whether race/ethnicity was related to quitting nine types of mental health services within a multivariate framework, and whether any racial/ethnic differences emerged among 16 assessed reasons for quitting mental health services (N = 437). Odds of quitting mental health services provided by social workers, non-medical health professionals, counselors, psychiatrists, and psychologists varied significantly by race/ethnicity...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572262/pediatric-cancer-predisposition-imaging-focus-on-whole-body-mri
#16
REVIEW
Mary-Louise C Greer, Stephan D Voss, Lisa J States
The American Association for Cancer Research convened a meeting of international pediatric oncologists, geneticists, genetic counselors, and radiologists expert in childhood cancer predisposition syndromes (CPS) in October 2016 to propose consensus surveillance guidelines. Imaging plays a central role in surveillance for most, though not all, syndromes discussed. While encompassing the full gamut of modalities, there is increasing emphasis on use of nonionizing radiation imaging options such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children and adolescents, especially in the pediatric CPS population...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566029/trainer-fidelity-as-a-predictor-of-crisis-counselors-behaviors-with-callers-who-express-suicidal-thoughts
#17
Wendi F Cross, Tian Chen, Karen Schmeelk-Cone, Xin Tu, Marjorie Kleinman, Madelyn S Gould
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between trainer fidelity during a two-day suicide prevention program for counselors at crisis centers and counselors' behaviors during calls from individuals with suicidal thoughts was examined. METHODS: The study used two data sets from a randomized control trial of a suicide prevention program delivered by counselors at 17 crisis centers who had previously received training (train-the-trainer [TTT] approach). One data set examined counselors' behaviors by silently monitoring calls (N=764) to the crisis lines, and one assessed adherence to manual content and competence in delivery among trainers (N=34) by coding training videotapes...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562836/healing-the-spirit-exploring-sexualized-trauma-and-recovery-among-indigenous-men-in-toronto
#18
Allison Reeves, Suzanne Stewart
Colonial policies in Canada have led to social disruption and intergenerational trauma across Indigenous nations, contributing to high rates of sexualized violence within many communities. While mental health and social science discourse has identified the harmful impacts of violence against Indigenous women in Canada, there continues to be a lack of focus on the unique mental health needs of Indigenous men in this regard. This article reviews the results of a nationally funded research study which looked at the mental health and healing needs of Indigenous men in Toronto who have experienced sexualized trauma...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559225/home-based-hiv-testing-and-counseling-for-male-couples-project-nexus-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rob Stephenson, Ryan Freeland, Stephen P Sullivan, Erin Riley, Brent A Johnson, Jason Mitchell, Deborah McFarland, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence remains high among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States, yet the majority of research has focused on MSM as individuals, not as dyads, and has discussed HIV risks primarily in the context of casual sex. Nexus is an online prevention program that combines home-based HIV testing and couples HIV testing and counseling (CHTC). It allows partners in dyadic MSM relationships to receive HIV testing and care in the comfort of their designated residence, via video-based chat...
May 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557631/the-daily-progress-system-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-of-a-recovery-support-technology-tool-for-outpatient-substance-abuse-treatment
#20
S B Carswell, M S Gordon, J Gryczynski, S A Tangires
BACKGROUND: Illicit substance use remains highly prevalent in the US, and epidemiological surveillance surveys estimate that in 2015, over 27 million individuals (10.1% of the US population) 12 years of age or older used illicit drugs in the past 30 days.(1) Outpatient treatment delivered in community-based settings is the dominant modality for addiction treatment, typically involving weekly psychosocial counseling sessions in an individual and/or group format.(2,3) Unfortunately, relapse and premature treatment discontinuation are quite common in outpatient treatment...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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