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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028559/-what-s-the-right-thing-to-do-correctional-healthcare-providers-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-caring-for-transgender-inmates
#1
Kirsty A Clark, Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis
RATIONAL: Incarcerated transgender individuals may need to access physical and mental health services to meet their general and gender-affirming (e.g., hormones, surgery) medical needs while incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine correctional healthcare providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences providing care to transgender inmates. METHOD: In 2016, 20 correctional healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, social workers, psychologists, mental health counselors) from New England participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews examining their experiences caring for transgender inmates...
October 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027070/assessment-of-current-genetic-counselor-practices-in-post-visit-written-communications-to-patients
#2
Emily VandenBoom, Angela M Trepanier, Erin P Carmany
Providing patients with post-visit written communication (PVWC) is a long-standing component of genetic counseling. However the depiction of this practice in today's clinical landscape is limited. To better describe this practice, we surveyed practicing clinical genetic counselors to ask if they send post-visit communications to patients and if so, what are the types, the average length, and the average time spent writing. They were also asked the perceived purpose of providing PVWC, if/how the practice has changed over time, and factors influencing the practice...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023713/integrating-clients-religion-spirituality-in-clinical-practice-a-comparison-among-social-workers-psychologists-counselors-marriage-and-family-therapists-and-nurses
#3
Holly K Oxhandler, Danielle E Parrish
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe and compare five helping professions' views and behaviors regarding the integration of clients' religion/spirituality (RS) in clinical practice. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used to survey 3,500 licensed clinical psychologists, nurses, marriage and family therapists (LMFTs), clinical social workers, and professional counselors across Texas. A total of 550 responded to this online survey, which included the Religious/Spiritually Integrated Practice Assessment Scale and background questions...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021112/american-counselors-acceptance-of-non-abstinence-outcome-goals-for-clients-diagnosed-with-co-occurring-substance-use-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#4
Alan K Davis, Harold Rosenberg, Joseph A Rosansky
Previous research has examined clinicians' acceptance of non-abstinence for clients who have a substance use disorder (SUD), but many SUD clients also present with a psychiatric disorder. To evaluate the acceptability of non-abstinence as a final outcome goal for clients with co-occurring diagnoses, we recruited a nationwide sample of 751 American substance abuse counselors to complete a web-based questionnaire. Respondents rated the acceptability of limited/moderate consumption by clients diagnosed with each of 18 co-occurring disorders: three psychiatric disorders (Major Depressive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia) x three substances (alcohol, cannabis, opioids) x two levels of severity (DSM-5 Moderate SUD, DSM-5 Severe SUD)...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020317/the-cost-effectiveness-of-one-time-hepatitis-c-screening-strategies-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-primary-care-settings
#5
Sabrina A Assoumou, Abriana Tasillo, Jared A Leff, Bruce R Schackman, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, C Robert Horsburgh, M Anita Barry, Craig Regis, Arthur Y Kim, Alison Marshall, Sheel Saxena, Peter C Smith, Benjamin P Linas
Background: High hepatitis C virus (HCV) rates have been reported in young people who inject drugs (PWID). We evaluated the clinical benefit and cost-effectiveness of testing among youth seen in communities with a high overall number of reported HCV cases. Methods: We developed a decision analytic model to project quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), lifetime costs (2016 US $), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) associated with nine strategies for one-time testing among 15 to 30-year-olds seen at urban community health centers...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020166/long-term-impact-of-an-educational-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-on-hospital-acquired-candidemia-and-multidrug-resistant-bloodstream-infections-a-quasi-experimental-study-of-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#6
José Molina, Germán Peñalva, María V Gil-Navarro, Julia Praena, José A Lepe, María A Pérez-Moreno, Carmen Ferrándiz, Teresa Aldabó, Manuela Aguilar, Peter Olbrich, Manuel E Jiménez-Mejías, María L Gascón, Rosario Amaya-Villar, Olaf Neth, María J Rodríguez-Hernández, Antonio Gutiérrez-Pizarraya, José Garnacho-Montero, Cristina Montero, Josefina Cano, Julián Palomino, Raquel Valencia, Rocío Álvarez, Elisa Cordero, Marta Herrero, José M Cisneros
Background: The global crisis of bacterial resistance urges the scientific community to implement intervention programs in healthcare facilities to promote an appropriate use of antibiotics. However, the clinical benefits or the impact on resistance of these interventions has not been definitively proven. Methods: We designed a quasi-experimental intervention study with an interrupted time-series analysis. A multidisciplinary team conducted a multifaceted educational intervention in our tertiary-care hospital over a five-year period...
August 7, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992045/a-descriptive-analysis-of-the-educational-perceptions-professional-identity-and-professional-practices-of-dual-trained-music-therapists-as-counselors
#7
Emily E Sevcik, Jennifer D Jones, Charles E Myers
Background: Given the rise in music therapy master's programs that offer dual degrees in music therapy and counseling or programs that satisfy state mental health counseling licensure laws, the professional counseling field is playing an increased role in the advanced education and professional practices of music therapists. Objective: To identify factors that lead music therapists to pursue advanced education with an emphasis in professional counseling, perceptions about benefits and drawbacks for three advanced degree options (i...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990826/undergraduate-students-exposure-knowledge-utilization-and-intended-use-of-the-national-suicide-prevention-lifeline
#8
Amy S Hedman-Robertson
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among college students. Crisis hotlines play a role in linking suicidal individuals to help. Despite leading to favorable outcomes, low utilization of crisis outlines has been reported. AIMS: To explore exposure, knowledge, and utilization of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL) among a sample of university students; to determine if knowledge and perceived helpfulness of NSPL predict intent to use NSPL. METHOD: The researcher surveyed 560 students attending a Midwestern university to assess knowledge of, and attitudes toward, the NSPL...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987933/the-influence-of-counseling-on-the-mode-of-breech-birth-a-single-center-observational-prospective-study-in-the-netherlands
#9
Souhailla Abdessalami, Hanneke Rota, Gabriella Dias Pereira, Jan Roest, Ageeth N Rosman
OBJECTIVE: women in the Netherlands, with a fetus in breech presentation, are thoroughly counseled to make an informed choice for the mode of delivery. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of counseling techniques on women's choices for the mode of delivery and subsequently to compare fetal and maternal outcomes of vaginal breech birth versus planned caesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: we performed an observational prospective study. Data on breech deliveries were prospectively collected...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975510/hiv-status-disclosure-among-postpartum-women-in-zambia-with-varied-intimate-partner-violence-experiences
#10
Karen M Hampanda, Christine Tagliaferri Rael
HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women's status disclosure to male sexual partners is associated with improved HIV and maternal and child health outcomes. Yet, status disclosure remains a challenge for many women living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly those who are fearful of violence. The objective of the present study is to advance the current understanding of the relationship between intimate partner violence against women and their HIV status disclosure behaviors. We specifically evaluate how the severity, frequency, and type of violence against postpartum HIV-positive women affect status disclosure within married/cohabiting couples...
October 3, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#11
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971318/preferences-for-multigene-panel-testing-for-hereditary-breast-cancer-risk-among-ethnically-diverse-brca-uninformative-families
#12
Belinda Vicuña, Harold D Delaney, Kristina G Flores, Lori Ballinger, Melanie Royce, Zoneddy Dayao, Tuya Pal, Anita Y Kinney
Until recently, genetic testing for hereditary breast cancer has primarily focused on pathogenic variants in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) genes. However, advances in DNA sequencing technologies have made simultaneous testing for multiple genes possible. We examined correlates of interest in multigene panel testing and risk communication preferences in an ethnically diverse sample of women who tested negative for BRCA mutations previously but remain at high risk based on their family history (referred to as "BRCA-uninformative") and their at-risk female family members...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969519/living-disconnected-building-a-grounded-theory-view-of-bereavement-for-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#13
Mary Ann Clute
This grounded theory study gathered descriptions the bereavement experience for adults with intellectual disabilities (IDD) through the eyes and voices of a small sample of grief counselors. The counselors described bereaved adults with IDD as individuals who faced potentially heightened effects of the broken attachment bonds, increased risk of coping obstacles, long histories of unrecognized losses, and disenfranchised grief. The participants described bereaved adults with IDD (who sought treatment) as getting pushed to the sidelines to deal with their losses in isolation and confusion...
November 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961958/online-therapy-for-depressive-symptoms-an-evaluation-of-counselor-led-and-peer-supported-life-review-therapy
#14
Gerben J Westerhof, Sanne M A Lamers, Marloes G Postel, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
Objectives: Life review therapy is recognized as an evidence-based treatment for depression in later life. The current article evaluates an online life review therapy in middle-aged and older persons, comparing a counselor-led to a peer-supported mode of delivery. Methods: A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was carried out with 3 conditions and 4 measurement points: (a) online life review therapy with online counseling, (b) online life review therapy with online peer support, and (c) a waitlist control condition...
September 18, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961077/boomer-matters-responding-to-emotional-health-needs-in-an-aging-society
#15
Deborah O'connor, Elizabeth Kelson
Across academic disciplines and in popular media, the baby boomer generation has been identified as a burgeoning aging population demographic with key differences from their parents' cohorts. As boomers enter old age and begin to access health and social care services, there is an expectation that support programs will need to change to respond to the particular needs of this distinct demographic. To better understand these expectations and their impact on social service provision, this study explores the experiences of boomer-aged adults accessing an emotional health program (EHP) in a Community-based Seniors' Centre, examining what the issues and needs of this group were and how they differed from an older cohort of EHP users...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959901/the-impact-of-client-counselor-similarity-on-acceptance-of-counseling-services-for-women-living-with-hiv
#16
Linn Mehnert, Birte Siem, Stefan Stürmer, Anette Rohmann
This study investigates the effect of similarity of health status between counselors and clients on the acceptance of counseling services among women living with HIV (WLWH). We hypothesized that WLWH should be more willing to seek counseling from an HIV-positive counselor as opposed to one living free of HIV or with another stigmatized disease like Hepatitis C, because a counselor with HIV should be perceived as more empathetic and credible. Moreover, the positive effect of similarity on acceptance should be particularly pronounced among WLWH who perceive high levels of HIV-related stigmatization and low levels of social support...
September 29, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956312/presented-abstracts-from-the-thirty-sixth-annual-conference-of-the-national-society-of-genetic-counselors-columbus-oh-september-2017
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956221/the-experience-of-genetic-counselors-working-with-patients-facing-the-decision-of-pregnancy-termination-after-24%C3%A2-weeks-gestation
#18
Rachel N A Graziani, Laurie Nemzer, Jennifer Kerns
Prenatal genetic counselors are health care professionals who counsel women making reproductive decisions which include decisions such as terminating pregnancies due to fetal anomalies. Little is known about the experiences and practices of prenatal genetic counselors working with women who have the option of termination after 24 weeks gestation. In this national survey of 168 genetic counselors who have practiced prenatal genetic counseling, we asked about their general practice patterns, including indications for which termination is offered and types of abortion care services that are coordinated by genetic counselors...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955708/a-systematic-review-on-the-existing-screening-pathways-for-lynch-syndrome-identification
#19
Alessia Tognetto, Maria Benedetta Michelazzo, Giovanna Elisa Calabró, Brigid Unim, Marco Di Marco, Walter Ricciardi, Roberta Pastorino, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome (LS) is the most common hereditary colon cancer syndrome, accounting for 3-5% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases, and it is associated with the development of other cancers. Early detection of individuals with LS is relevant, since they can take advantage of life-saving intensive care surveillance. The debate regarding the best screening policy, however, is far from being concluded. This prompted us to conduct a systematic review of the existing screening pathways for LS...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947362/making-sense-of-genetic-risk-a-qualitative-focus-group-study-of-healthy-participants-in-genomic-research
#20
Jennifer Viberg Johansson, Pär Segerdahl, Ulrika Hösterey Ugander, Mats G Hansson, Sophie Langenskiöld
OBJECTIVE: It is well known that research participants want to receive genetic risk information that is about high risks, serious diseases and potential preventive measures. The aim of this study was to explore, by qualitative means, something less well known: how do healthy research participants themselves make sense of genetic risk information? METHOD: A phenomenographic approach was chosen to explore research participants' understanding and assessment of genetic risk...
September 18, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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