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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937955/military-blast-injury-and-chronic-neurodegeneration-research-presentations-from-the-2015-international-state-of-the-science-meeting
#1
Denes Agoston, Peethambaran Arun, Patrick Bellgowan, Steven Broglio, Robert Cantu, David Cook, Uade Olaghere da Silva, Dara Dickstein, Gregory Elder, Elizabeth Fudge, Sam Gandy, Jessica Gill, John F Glenn, Raj K Gupta, Sidney Hinds, Stuart Hoffman, Theresa Lattimore, Alexander Lin, Kun Ping Lu, Joseph Maroon, David Okonkwo, Daniel Perl, Meghan Robinson, Charles Rosen, Douglas Smith
Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a signature injury of recent military conflicts, leading to increased Department of Defense (DoD) interest in its potential long-term effects, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The DoD Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office convened the 2015 International State-of-the-Science Meeting to discuss the existing evidence regarding a causal relationship between TBI and CTE. Over the course of the meeting, experts across government, academia, and the sports community presented cutting edge research on the unique pathological characteristics of blast-related TBI, blast-related neurodegenerative mechanisms, risk factors for CTE, potential biomarkers for CTE, and treatment strategies for chronic neurodegeneration...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937953/the-biological-basis-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-following-blast-injury-a-literature-review
#2
Matt Aldag, Regina C Armstrong, Faris Bandak, Patrick S F Bellgowan, Timothy Bentley, Sean Biggerstaff, Katrina Caravelli, Joan Cmarik, Alicia Crowder, Thomas J DeGraba, Travis A Dittmer, Richard G Ellenbogen, Colin Greene, Raj K Gupta, Ramona Hicks, Stuart Hoffman, Robert C Latta, Michael J Leggieri, Donald Marion, Robert Mazzoli, Michael McCrea, John O'Donnell, Mark Packer, James B Petro, Todd E Rasmussen, Wendy Sammons-Jackson, Richard Shoge, Victoria Tepe, Ladd A Tremaine, James Zheng
The United States Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office organized the 2015 International State-of-the-Science meeting to explore links between blast-related head injury and the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Before the meeting, the planning committee examined articles published between 2005 and October 2015 and prepared this literature review, which summarized broadly CTE research and addressed questions about the pathophysiological basis of CTE and its relationship to blast- and nonblast-related head injury...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937952/modeling-the-long-term-consequences-of-repeated-blast-induced-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries
#3
Denes V Agoston
Repeated mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI) caused by playing collision sports or by exposure to blasts during military operations can lead to late onset, chronic diseases such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a progressive neurodegenerative condition that manifests in increasingly severe neuropsychiatric abnormalities years after the last injury. Currently, because of the heterogeneity of the clinical presentation, confirmation of a CTE diagnosis requires post-mortem examination of the brain. The hallmarks of CTE are abnormal accumulation of phosphorylated tau protein, TDP-43 immunoreactive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions, and astroglial abnormalities, but the pathomechanism leading to these terminal findings remains unknown...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937849/neurodynamic-mobilization-in-a-collegiate-long-jumper-with-exercise-induced-lateral-leg-and-ankle-pain-a-case-report
#4
Terry Cox, Tom Sneed, Herb Hamann
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. BACKGROUND: The purpose of this case report is to describe nerve mobilization in the treatment of lower extremity neuropathic pain in a female collegiate long jumper. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21 year-old long jumper presented 7 months after onset of ankle and leg pain. She complained of "aching" pain over the lateral ankle, radiating proximally to just superior to the lateral knee. Neurodynamic testing of the sural and superficial branch of the fibular nerves was positive...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937803/hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-a-military-population
#5
Darren D Thomas, Andrew S Bernhardson, Ethan Bernstein, Christopher B Dewing
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to hip pain and early joint degeneration. There have been few reports to date on the outcomes of hip arthroscopy for the treatment of FAI in the military population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare patient demographics with postoperative outcomes after hip arthroscopy for symptomatic FAI and to identify preoperative risk factors for poor outcomes. The hypothesis was that certain preoperative patient characteristics will be predictive of poorer outcomes and that lower outcomes scores will be associated with a higher likelihood of medical separation from the military...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#6
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937801/clinical-implications-of-hand-position-and-lower-limb-length-measurement-method-on-y-balance-test-scores-and-interpretation
#7
Kim Hébert-Losier
CONTEXT:   The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQ-YBT) was developed to provide an effective and efficient screen for injury risk in sports. Earlier protocol recommendations for the LQ-YBT involved the athlete placing the hands on the hips and the clinician normalizing scores to lower limb length measured from the anterior-superior iliac spine to the lateral malleolus. The updated LQ-YBT protocol recommends the athlete's hands be free moving and the clinician measure lower limb length to the medial malleolus...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937789/identifying-dyslexia-risk-in-student-athletes-a-preliminary-protocol-for-concussion-management
#8
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
Learning disability (LD) has been identified as a potential risk factor for protracted recovery from a sport-related concussion, yet students with LD are rarely included in concussion research. Here, we draw special attention to dyslexia, a common but often underdiagnosed LD. Reading and learning problems commonly associated with dyslexia are often masked by protective factors, such as high verbal ability or general intelligence. Hence, high-achieving individuals with dyslexia may not be identified as being in a high-risk category...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937785/gaining-access-to-providing-medical-care-to-male-sport-teams-the-female-athletic-trainer-perspective
#9
Alicia Pike, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT:   Female athletic trainers (ATs) can face barriers to employment within the profession. Although there is evidence for an increasing percentage of women in athletic training, the portion providing medical care to male sport teams within the professional sport and collegiate settings continues to be small. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the experiences of female ATs when seeking employment with male sport teams within the Division I setting. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937419/sports-hernia-definition-evaluation-and-treatment
#10
Justin Neal Hopkins, William Brown, Cassandra Alda Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936200/the-fungus-aspergillus-aculeatus-enhances-salt-stress-tolerance-metabolite-accumulation-and-improves-forage-quality-in-perennial-ryegrass
#11
Xiaoning Li, Shijuan Han, Guangyang Wang, Xiaoying Liu, Erick Amombo, Yan Xie, Jinmin Fu
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is an important forage grass with high yield and superior quality in temperate regions which is widely used in parks, sport field, and other places. However, perennial ryegrass is moderately tolerant to salinity stress compared to other commercial cultivars and salt stress reduces their growth and productivity. Aspergillus aculeatus has been documented to participate in alleviating damage induced by salinity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying A...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936185/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-italian-mood-scale-itams-for-use-in-sport-and-exercise-contexts
#12
Alessandro Quartiroli, Peter C Terry, Gerard J Fogarty
The current study presents initial validation statistics for the Italian Mood Scale (ITAMS), a culturally- and linguistically-validated Italian version of the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS: Terry and Lane, 2010). The ITAMS was administered to 950 sport participants (659 females), who ranged in age from 16 to 63 years (M = 25.03, SD = 7.62). In the first stage of the validation process, statistical procedures in Mplus were used to evaluate the measurement model. Multigroup exploratory structural equation modeling supported the hypothesized 6-factor measurement model for males and females separately and for the combined sample...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935690/association-between-physical-activity-levels-in-mid-life-with-physical-activity-in-old-age-a-20-year-tracking-study-in-a-prospective-cohort
#13
Daniel Aggio, Olia Papacosta, Lucy Lennon, Peter Whincup, Goya Wannamethee, Barbara J Jefferis
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the tracking and predictability of physical activity in old age from overall physical activity and participation in sport, recreational activity and walking in mid-life. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: British Regional Heart Study participants recruited from primary care centres in the UK in 1978-1980. PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: Men (n=3413) self-reported their physical activity at baseline, 12, 16 and 20-year follow-ups and were categorised as inactive or active and having high or low participation in sport, walking and recreational activities...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935680/cardiac-events-during-competitive-recreational-and-daily-activities-in-children-and-adolescents-with-long-qt-syndrome
#14
Kristina D Chambers, Virginie Beausejour Ladouceur, Mark E Alexander, Robyn J Hylind, Laura Bevilacqua, Douglas Y Mah, Vassilios Bezzerides, John K Triedman, Edward P Walsh, Dominic J Abrams
BACKGROUND: The 2005 Bethesda Conference Guidelines advise patients with long QT syndrome against competitive sports. We assessed cardiac event rates during competitive and recreational sports, and daily activities among treated long QT syndrome patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long QT syndrome patients aged ≥4 years treated with anti-adrenergic therapy were included. Demographics included mechanism of presentation, corrected QT interval pretreatment, symptom history, medication compliance, and administration of QT-prolonging medications...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935224/the-test-retest-reliability-of-three-computerized-neurocognitive-tests-used-in-the-assessment-of-sport-concussion
#15
Jacob E Resch, Mathew Schneider, C Munro Cullum
Computerized neurocognitive tests (CNTs) are widely used at all competitive levels of sport to assess sport concussion (SC). Whereas there are multiple CNTs available, little is known about how some of the most popular platforms compare. The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM), Concussion Vital Signs (CVS) and the Immediate Postconcussion and Cognitive Testing battery (ImPACT) using clinically relevant time points in healthy college-age participants...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934600/does-regional-disadvantage-affect-health-related-sport-and-physical-activity-level-a-multi-level-analysis-of-individual-behaviour
#16
Pamela Wicker, Paul Downward, Fernando Lera-López
This study examines the role of regional government quality in health-related participation in sport and physical activity among adults (18-64 years) in 28 European countries. The importance of the analysis rests in the relative autonomy that regional and local governments have over policy decisions connected with sport and physical activity. While existing studies have focussed on economic and infrastructural investment and expenditure, this research investigates the quality of regional governments across 208 regions within 28 European countries...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934539/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-bilateral-lower-extremity-involvement
#17
Havalee T Henry, Lauren K Szolomayer, Bauer E Sumpio, Karen M Sutton
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a condition in which compression of the popliteal neurovascular structures results in symptoms of lower extremity claudication by way of a constricting anatomic structure or a hypertrophied surrounding musculature. This diagnosis is often missed or misdiagnosed because popliteal artery entrapment syndrome has a presentation similar to that of exertional compartment syndrome. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome may result in persistent disability or unnecessary morbidity or prevent athletes' return to sport...
September 21, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934213/sports-engagement-and-age-at-first-myocardial-infarction-in-men-under-55-years-of-age
#18
Christoph Janggen, Christoph Gräni, Jonas Brunner, Lukas D Trachsel, Stephan Windecker, Prisca Eser, Lorenz Räber, Matthias Wilhelm
OBJECTIVE: Low levels of physical activity in childhood are associated with clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) as predisposition for atherosclerosis. We assessed the association between sports engagement and age at first myocardial infarction (MI) in a cohort of men under 55 years of age. METHODS: The Bern percutaneous coronary intervention Registry (NCT 02241291) was analyzed from March 2009 until January 2012. Male patients with first MI, age 18 to 54 years and body mass index ≤25kg/m2 were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934184/rural-and-urban-differences-in-passenger-vehicle-occupant-deaths-and-seat-belt-use-among-adults-united-states-2014
#19
Laurie F Beck, Jonathan Downs, Mark R Stevens, Erin K Sauber-Schatz
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Motor-vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death in the United States. Compared with urban residents, rural residents are at an increased risk for death from crashes and are less likely to wear seat belts. These differences have not been well described by levels of rurality. REPORTING PERIOD: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEMS: Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were used to identify passenger-vehicle-occupant deaths from motor-vehicle crashes and estimate the prevalence of seat belt use...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933943/what-is-the-role-of-artificial-intelligence-in-sports
#20
Vasant Dhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Big Data
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