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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353376/injury-prevention-in-baseball-from-youth-to-the-pros
#1
REVIEW
Heath P Melugin, Nels D Leafblad, Christopher L Camp, Stan Conte
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines recent literature on injury epidemiology and prevention in the sport of baseball from youth to professional levels. RECENT FINDINGS: Overuse is the predominant mechanism of injury in youth baseball players. Newer stretching and exercise protocols may help prevent these injuries. At the professional level, however, overuse has not been proven to correlate with increased injury incidence, but pitch counts are still monitored...
January 20, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353246/a-concept-mapping-approach-to-identifying-the-barriers-to-implementing-an-evidence-based-sports-injury-prevention-programme
#2
Alex Donaldson, Aisling Callaghan, Mario Bizzini, Andrew Jowett, Patrick Keyzer, Matthew Nicholson
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the barriers to programme use is important to facilitate implementation of injury prevention programmes in real-word settings. This study investigated the barriers to coaches of adolescent female soccer teams, in Victoria, Australia, implementing the evidence-based FIFA 11+ injury prevention programme. METHODS: Concept mapping with data collected from 19 soccer coaches and administrators. RESULTS: Brainstorming generated 65 statements as barriers to 11+ implementation...
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353094/effects-of-scaling-task-constraints-on-emergent-behaviours-in-children-s-racquet-sports-performance
#3
Anna Fitzpatrick, Keith Davids, Joseph A Stone
Manipulating task constraints by scaling key features like space and equipment is considered an effective method for enhancing performance development and refining movement patterns in sport. Despite this, it is currently unclear whether scaled manipulation of task constraints would impact emergent movement behaviours in young children, affording learners opportunities to develop relevant skills. Here, we sought to investigate how scaling task constraints during 8 weeks of mini tennis training shaped backhand stroke development...
January 17, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352529/measuring-and-improving-the-quality-of-mental-health-care-a-global-perspective
#4
Amy M Kilbourne, Kathryn Beck, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Parashar Ramanuj, Robert W O'Brien, Naomi Tomoyasu, Harold Alan Pincus
Mental disorders are common worldwide, yet the quality of care for these disorders has not increased to the same extent as that for physical conditions. In this paper, we present a framework for promoting quality measurement as a tool for improving quality of mental health care. We identify key barriers to this effort, including lack of standardized information technology-based data sources, limited scientific evidence for mental health quality measures, lack of provider training and support, and cultural barriers to integrating mental health care within general health environments...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352373/sleep-interventions-designed-to-improve-athletic-performance-and-recovery-a-systematic-review-of-current-approaches
#5
REVIEW
Daniel Bonnar, Kate Bartel, Naomi Kakoschke, Christin Lang
BACKGROUND: Athletes experience various situations and conditions that can interfere with their sleep, which is crucial for optimal psychological and physiological recovery as well as subsequent performance. Conventional sleep screening and intervention approaches may not be efficacious for athletes given their lifestyle, the demands of training and travel associated with interstate/international competition. OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review aimed to summarize and evaluate sleep intervention studies targeting subsequent performance and recovery in competitive athletes...
January 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352358/daily-fantasy-sports-players-gambling-addiction-and-mental-health-problems
#6
Lia Nower, Kyle R Caler, Dylan Pickering, Alex Blaszczynski
Studies point to a relationship between fantasy sports/daily fantasy sports (DFS) play and gambling behavior. However, little is known about the nature of those relationships, particularly regarding the development of gambling problems. This study investigates the nature, frequency, and preferences of gambling behavior as well as problem gambling severity and comorbid conditions among DFS players. Data were collected from an epidemiologic survey of 3634 New Jersey residents on gambling and leisure activities...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352279/girls-in-the-boat-sex-differences-in-rowing-performance-and-participation
#7
Kevin G Keenan, Jonathon W Senefeld, Sandra K Hunter
Men outperform women in many athletic endeavors due to physiological and anatomical differences (e.g. larger and faster muscle); however, the observed sex differences in elite athletic performance are typically larger than expected, and may reflect sex-related differences in opportunity or incentives. As collegiate rowing in the United States has been largely incentivized for women over the last 20 years, but not men, the purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in elite rowing performance over that timeframe...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352196/hyper-hippocampal-glycogen-induced-by-glycogen-loading-with-exhaustive-exercise
#8
Mariko Soya, Takashi Matsui, Takeru Shima, Subrina Jesmin, Naomi Omi, Hideaki Soya
Glycogen loading (GL), a well-known type of sports conditioning, in combination with exercise and a high carbohydrate diet (HCD) for 1 week enhances individual endurance capacity through muscle glycogen supercompensation. This exercise-diet combination is necessary for successful GL. Glycogen in the brain contributes to hippocampus-related memory functions and endurance capacity. Although the effect of HCD on the brain remains unknown, brain supercompensation occurs following exhaustive exercise (EE), a component of GL...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351951/hyperandrogenism-controversy-in-elite-women-s-sport-an-examination-and-critique-of-recent-evidence
#9
EDITORIAL
Peter H Sőnksen, L Dawn Bavington, Tan Boehning, David Cowan, Nishan Guha, Richard Holt, Katrina Karkazis, Malcolm Andrew Ferguson-Smith, Jovan Mircetic, Dankmar Bőhning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351947/advancing-adherence-research-in-sport-injury-prevention
#10
EDITORIAL
Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, Carly D McKay, Evert A L M Verhagen, Carolyn A Emery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#11
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351518/-i-m-still-dad-the-impact-of-scleroderma-on-being-a-father
#12
Janet L Poole, Donna Haygood, Cindy Mendelson
The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of fathers with scleroderma. Ten fathers with scleroderma were interviewed by telephone. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Two key themes emerged related to the emotional impact of the illness and the day to day realities of the illness with the unpredictability and rareness of the illness leading to ongoing feelings of isolation and fear of mortality. The negative influences of being a father with scleroderma included the inability of the fathers to participate in physical activities with their children such as outdoor sports and throwing balls...
January 2018: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351382/team-versus-individual-sport-participation-as-a-modifying-factor-in-the-development-of-post-concussion-syndrome-after-first-concussion-a-pilot-study
#13
Aaron S Jeckell, Benjamin L Brett, Douglas J Totten, Gary S Solomon
Identification of modifying factors that influence the development of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) following sport-related concussion (SRC) has drawn considerable interest. In this pilot study, we investigate the effect of team vs. individual sport participation on the development of PCS in a sample of 136 high school and college student-athletes. Controlling for several confounding variables, we employed a binary logistic regression and chi-squared test. Results of this pilot study indicate that participation in team versus individual sport is not a significant factor in the development of PCS...
January 19, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351262/imu-to-segment-assignment-and-orientation-alignment-for-the-lower-body-using-deep-learning
#14
Tobias Zimmermann, Bertram Taetz, Gabriele Bleser
Human body motion analysis based on wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs) receives a lot of attention from both the research community and the and industrial community. This is due to the significant role in, for instance, mobile health systems, sports and human computer interaction. In sensor based activity recognition, one of the major issues for obtaining reliable results is the sensor placement/assignment on the body. For inertial motion capture (joint kinematics estimation) and analysis, the IMU-to-segment (I2S) assignment and alignment are central issues to obtain biomechanical joint angles...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351221/mechanical-structural-design-of-a-mems-based-piezoresistive-accelerometer-for-head-injuries-monitoring-a-computational-analysis-by-increments-of-the-sensor-mass-moment-of-inertia
#15
Marco Messina, James Njuguna, Chrysovalantis Palas
This work focuses on the proof-mass mechanical structural design improvement of a tri-axial piezoresistive accelerometer specifically designed for head injuries monitoring where medium-G impacts are common; for example, in sports such as racing cars or American Football. The device requires the highest sensitivity achievable with a single proof-mass approach, and a very low error (<1%) as the accuracy for these types of applications is paramount. The optimization method differs from previous work as it is based on the progressive increment of the sensor proof-mass mass moment of inertia (MMI) in all three axes...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350556/rehabilitation-of-a-young-athlete-with-extension-based-low-back-pain-addressing-motor-control-impairments-and-central-sensitization
#16
John J Winslow, Mark Jackson, Andrew Getzin, Michael Costello
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the conservative management of a young athlete with extension-based (EB) low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND:   We present the case of a 15-year-old female high school gymnast with a 4-year history of EB LBP. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a healed spondylolysis and significant lumbar multifidi muscle (LMM) atrophy with fatty infiltrate. She had several courses of outpatient orthopaedic rehabilitation that focused on core muscle strengthening (improving activation and strength of the LMM and transversus abdominus muscle in a neutral pelvic position) without long-lasting improvement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#17
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350553/role-strain-part-1-experiences-of-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-sports-setting
#18
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Kirk Brumels, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   The demands and expectations of athletic trainers employed in professional sports settings (ATPSSs) have increased over the years. Meeting these demands and expectations may predispose the athletic trainer to workplace stress and ultimately role strain. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the concept of role strain among ATPSSs. DESIGN:   Sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study consisting of 2 phases: (1) population role-strain survey and (2) personal interviews...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350552/role-strain-part-2-perceptions-among-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-practice-setting
#19
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Kirk Brumels
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) employed in the professional sports setting (ATPSSs) demonstrate moderate to high degrees of role strain. The experiences and perceptions of these ATs provide insight regarding the sources of role strain as well as ways to reduce it. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the perceptions of ATPSSs regarding role strain. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   From a purposeful sampling of 389 ATs employed in the 5 major sport leagues (Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, National Basketball Association, National Football League, and National Hockey League), we identified 34 participants willing to participate in a phone interview...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350429/sprint-performance-and-propulsion-asymmetries-on-an-ergometer-in-trained-high-and-low-point-wheelchair-rugby-players
#20
Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey, Riemer J K Vegter, Barry S Mason, Thomas A W Paulson, John P Lenton, Jan W van der Scheer, Lucas H V van der Woude
The purpose of this study was to examine the propulsion asymmetries of wheelchair athletes whilst sprinting on an instrumented, dual-roller ergometer system. Eighteen experienced wheelchair rugby players (8 low-point (LP) (class ≤1.5) and 10 high-point (HP) (class ≥2.0)) performed a 15s sprint in their sports wheelchair on the instrumented ergometer. Asymmetry was defined as the difference in distance and power output (PO) between left and right sides when the best side reached 28m. Propulsion techniques were quantified based on torque and velocity data...
January 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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