keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

functional constipation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330419/parkinson-disease-with-constipation-clinical-features-and-relevant-factors
#1
Qiu-Jin Yu, Shu-Yang Yu, Li-Jun Zuo, Teng-Hong Lian, Yang Hu, Rui-Dan Wang, Ying-Shan Piao, Peng Guo, Li Liu, Zhao Jin, Li-Xia Li, Piu Chan, Sheng-Di Chen, Xiao-Min Wang, Wei Zhang
Constipation is one of the most frequent non-motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) and it may be ignored by PD patients, leading to this problem not to be reported in time. The relationships between constipation and demographic variables, motor symptoms and other non-motor symptoms of PD are still unknown. PD patients were evaluated by diagnostic criteria of functional constipation in Rome III and divided into PD with constipation (PD-C) and PD with no constipation (PD-NC) groups. PD patients were assessed by rating scales of motor symptoms and other non-motor symptoms, activity of daily living and quality of life...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326815/case-series-with-literature-review-surgical-approach-to-megarectum-and-or-megasigmoid-in-children-with-unremitting-constipation
#2
James G Glasser, James M Nottingham, Martin Durkin, Michael E Haney, Sean Christensen, Riley Stroman, Tyler Hammett
Background: The role of surgery in treating children with functional constipation (FC) is controversial, because of the efficacy of bowel management programs. This case series is comprised of failures: 43 children, spanning 25 years' practice, who had megarectosigmoid (MRS) and unremitting constipation. Purpose: To determine whether these children were helped by surgery, and to contribute to formulating a standard of care for children with megarectum (MR) and/or redundancy of the sigmoid colon (MS) who fail medical management...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320316/translabial-us-and-dynamic-mr-imaging-of-the-pelvic-floor-normal-anatomy-and-dysfunction
#3
Luciana P Chamié, Duarte Miguel Ferreira Rodrigues Ribeiro, Angela H M Caiado, Gisele Warmbrand, Paulo C Serafini
Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a common condition that typically affects women older than 50 years and decreases the quality of life. Weakening of support structures can involve all three pelvic compartments and cause a combination of symptoms, including constipation, urinary and fecal incontinence, obstructed defecation, pelvic pain, perineal bulging, and sexual dysfunction. The causes of PFD are complex and multifactorial; however, vaginal delivery is considered a major predisposing factor. Physical examination alone is limited in the evaluation of PFD; it frequently leads to an underestimation of the involved compartments...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317145/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-outcomes-following-palliative-treatment-of-bone-metastases-with-magnetic-resonance-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-an-international-multicentre-study
#4
D Harding, S L Giles, M R D Brown, G R Ter Haar, M van den Bosch, L W Bartels, Y-S Kim, M Deppe, N M deSouza
AIMS: To determine quality of life (QoL) outcomes after palliation of pain from bone metastases using magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-guided HIFU), measured using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C15-PAL and the QLQ-BM22 questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients undergoing MR-guided HIFU in an international multicentre trial self-completed the QLQ-C15-PAL and QLQ-BM22 questionnaires before and on days 7, 14, 30, 60 and 90 post-treatment...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316246/sleep-quality-and-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-a-psychological-issue
#5
Michel Bouchoucha, Florence Mary, Cyriaque Bon, Bakhtiar Bejou, Gheorghe Airinei, Robert Benamouzig
BACKGROUND / AIMS: Sleep disorders are often associated with functional gastro-intestinal disorders (FGIDs). This study aims to evaluate the association of sleep disorders with specific FGIDs and to assess the related importance of psychological disorders. METHODS: We included 1009 consecutive FGID patients (71% female), aged 48.2 ± 16.7 years (M±SD), BMI 26.9 ± 11.2 kg/m2 . These patients filled in a Rome III questionnaire and underwent a psychological evaluation on anxiety and depression...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313146/long-term-quality-of-life-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-heated-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#6
Adam T Stearns, Lee Malcomson, Grant Punnett, Haytham Abudeeb, Omer Aziz, Chelliah R Selvasekar, Paul E Fulford, Malcolm S Wilson, Andrew G Renehan, Sarah T O'Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are an established treatment for pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP), but it is a major surgical procedure and may be associated with long-term morbidity. To date, health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) data among survivors are lacking. METHODS: A two-period qualitative study investigated patients undergoing CRS-HIPEC for PMP at a national peritoneal tumor center between 2003 and 2011...
January 8, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305648/multicenter-observational-study-on-functional-bowel-disorders-diagnosed-using-rome-iii-diagnostic-criteria-in-japan
#7
Masayoshi Ono, Mototsugu Kato, Shuichi Miyamoto, Momoko Tsuda, Takeshi Mizushima, Shouko Ono, Manabu Nakagawa, Katsuhiro Mabe, Soichi Nakagawa, Shuichi Muto, Yuichi Shimizu, Mineo Kudo, Shinichi Katsuki, Takashi Meguro, Naoya Sakamoto
BACKGROUND: The Rome III diagnostic criteria had been used to diagnose functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) world wide, and functional bowel disorders (FBDs) including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have recently attracted the attention of Japanese physicians. However, there have been few reports on the prevalence of FBDs diagnosed by the Rome III diagnostic criteria. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of FBDs diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria of Rome III in Japan...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302506/efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-oral-and-enema-therapy-using-polyethylene-glycol-3350-electrolyte-for-disimpaction-in-pediatric-constipation
#8
Taeyeon Yoo, Sun Hwan Bae
Purpose: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of combined oral and enema therapy using polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350 with electrolyte solution for disimpaction in hospitalized children. Methods: We retrospectively studied 28 children having functional constipation who received inpatient treatment between 2008 and 2016. The amount of oral PEG 3350 electrolyte solution administered was 50-70 mL/kg/d (PEG 3350, 3-4.1 g/kg/d), and an enema solution was administered 1-2 times a day as a single dose of 15-25 mL/kg (PEG 3350, 0...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302374/using-quality-of-life-scales-with-nutritional-relevance-after-gastrectomy-a-challenge-for-providing-personalized-treatment
#9
Seung Soo Lee, Wansik Yu, Ho Young Chung, Oh Kyoung Kwon, Won Kee Lee
Purpose: This study evaluated the changes in nutritional status based on quality of life (QoL) item-level analysis to determine whether individual QoL responses might facilitate personal clinical impact. Materials and Methods: This study retrospectively evaluated QoL data obtained by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and Quality of Life Questionnaire-Stomach (QLQ-STO22) as well as metabolic-nutritional data obtained by bioelectrical impedance analysis and blood tests...
December 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300049/hirschsprung-disease-integrating-basic-science-and-clinical-medicine-to-improve-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Robert O Heuckeroth
Hirschsprung disease is defined by the absence of enteric neurons at the end of the bowel. The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the intrinsic nervous system of the bowel and regulates most aspects of bowel function. When the ENS is missing, there are no neurally mediated propulsive motility patterns, and the bowel remains contracted, causing functional obstruction. Symptoms of Hirschsprung disease include constipation, vomiting, abdominal distension and growth failure. Untreated disease usually causes death in childhood because bloodstream bacterial infections occur in the context of bowel inflammation (enterocolitis) or bowel perforation...
January 4, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287015/diagnostic-tests-in-pediatric-constipation
#11
Renato Tambucci, Paolo Quitadamo, Nikhil Thapar, Letizia Zenzeri, Tamara Caldaro, Annamaria Staiano, Alberto Verrotti, Osvaldo Borrelli
Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal symptoms in children. With a median reported prevalence of 12%, it accounts for about 25% of all pediatric gastroenterology consultations. The majority of children suffers functional constipation and do not usually require any diagnostic testing. For those children not responding to conventional medical treatment or in the presence of a more significant clinical picture, however, an accurate instrumental assessment is usually recommended to evaluate either the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms or a possible organic etiology...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280118/-effects-of-perioperative-intestinal-microecological-treatment-on-postoperative-complications-and-gastrointestinal-function-in-patients-with-refractory-functional-constipation
#12
Qiyi Chen, Xiaobo Feng, Ling Ni, Hongliang Tian, Guangke Li, Jun Jiang, Ning Li, Jieshou Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of perioperative intestinal microecological treatment on postoperative complications and gastrointestinal function in patients with refractory functional constipation by nonrandomized controlled trial. METHODS: A total of 198 patients with refractory functional constipation who underwent Jinling procedure in our department from 2014 to 2015 were prospectively enrolled, and were divided into conventional treatment group (n=100, routine intestinal preparation was used before operation; probiotics and prebiotics were applied if diarrhea or abdominal distention occurred after operation) and microecological treatment group (n=98, routine perioperative management was applied; probiotics, prebiotics and enteral nutrition were administered since 2 weeks before operation; probiotics and prebiotics were given again when exhaust and defecation recovered after operation)...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280113/-relationship-between-functional-constipation-and-brain-gut-microbiota-axis
#13
Qiyi Chen, Jun Jiang
Although with the higher prevalence, the overall treatment result of functional constipation is still not satisfied at home and abroad. The diagnosis and treatment of functional constipation are still to focus on colon itself. Functional constipation has complex interactions among intestinal flora, intestinal autonomic nerve and central nervous system. Patients with functional constipation have different degrees of mental and psychological dysfunction, and abnormal brain function can result in disorders of colon dynamics, secretion and immune function...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280110/-update-of-the-rome-iiii-criteria-for-functional-constipation
#14
Ting Yu, Liuqin Jiang, Lin Lin
The Rome IIII( criteria were released in May 2016. Based on the development of brain-intestinal axis theory, intestinal microecology, pharmacogenomics and social psychology, the Rome IIII( criteria revise the definition, diagnostic criteria, clinical evaluation process, and treatments of functional constipation (FC). The revisions are as follows: (1) Definition: FC and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome are considered to be on a continuum rather than as independent entities. (2) Diagnostic criteria: the Bristol stool scale type 1, type 2 and spontaneous bowel movements are added in the diagnostic criteria, respectively, refining the criteria for stool consistency and frequency...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273891/pedsql-neurofibromatosis-type-1-module-for-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-feasibility-reliability-and-validity
#15
Kavitha Nutakki, James W Varni, Nancy L Swigonski
The objective of the present study was to report on the measurement properties of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Module for pediatric patients ages 5-25 from the perspectives of patients and parents. The 104-item PedsQL NF1 Module and 23-item PedsQL Generic Core Scales were completed in a multi-site national study by 323 patients and 335 parents (343 families). Patients were diagnosed with NF1 using the National Institutes of Health diagnostic criteria. In addition to a Total Scale Score, 18 unidimensional scales were derived measuring skin itch bother, skin sensations, pain, pain impact, pain management, cognitive functioning, speech, fine motor, balance, vision, perceived physical appearance, communication, worry, treatment anxiety, medicines, stomach discomfort, constipation, and diarrhea...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245951/construction-of-a-model-predicting-the-risk-of-tube-feeding-intolerance-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-based-on-225-cases-from-a-single-chinese-center
#16
Wu Xiaoyong, Li Xuzhao, Yu Deliang, Yu Pengfei, Hang Zhenning, Bai Bin, Li Zhengyan, Pang Fangning, Wang Shiqi, Zhao Qingchuan
Identifying patients at high risk of tube feeding intolerance (TFI) after gastric cancer surgery may prevent the occurrence of TFI; however, a predictive model is lacking. We therefore analyzed the incidence of TFI and its associated risk factors after gastric cancer surgery in 225 gastric cancer patients divided into without-TFI (n = 114) and with-TFI (n = 111) groups. A total of 49.3% of patients experienced TFI after gastric cancer. Multivariate analysis identified a history of functional constipation (FC), a preoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of III, a high pain score at 6-hour postoperation, and a high white blood cell (WBC) count on the first day after surgery as independent risk factors for TFI...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244538/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-quality-of-life-changes-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-colocare-study
#17
Biljana Gigic, Heiner Boeing, Reka Toth, Jürgen Böhm, Nina Habermann, Dominique Scherer, Petra Schrotz-King, Clare Abbenhardt-Martin, Stephanie Skender, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Karen Syrjala, Paul B Jacobsen, Martin Schneider, Alexis Ulrich, Cornelia M Ulrich
Quality of life (QoL) is an important clinical outcome in cancer patients. We investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The study included 192 CRC patients with available EORTC QLQ-C30 data before and 12 months post-surgery and food frequency questionnaire data at 12 months post-surgery. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Multivariate regression models assessed associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes over time...
January 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240009/gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#18
Cecilie Ejerskov, Klaus Krogh, John R Ostergaard, Iben Joensson, Annette Haagerup
OBJECTIVES: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a complex genetic disorder characterized by symptoms of the skin and nervous system. A previous study indicated that constipation is common in children with NF1. The aim of the present study was to investigate the phenotype and prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in a population of 4-17-year-olds with NF1 compared to their unaffected siblings. METHODS: Gastrointestinal symptoms were assessed with a web-based, parent or self-administered, validated, Rome® III diagnostic questionnaire...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239347/chronic-constipation
#19
REVIEW
Michael Camilleri, Alexander C Ford, Gary M Mawe, Phil G Dinning, Satish S Rao, William D Chey, Magnus Simrén, Anthony Lembo, Tonia M Young-Fadok, Lin Chang
Chronic constipation is a prevalent condition that severely impacts the quality of life of those affected. Several types of primary chronic constipation, which show substantial overlap, have been described, including normal-transit constipation, rectal evacuation disorders and slow-transit constipation. Diagnosis of primary chronic constipation involves a multistep process initiated by the exclusion of 'alarm' features (for example, unintentional weight loss or rectal bleeding) that might indicate organic diseases (such as polyps or tumours) and a therapeutic trial with first-line treatments such as dietary changes, lifestyle modifications and over-the-counter laxatives...
December 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237130/laparoscopic-appendicostomy-low-profile-balloon-button-for-antegrade-enemas-in-children
#20
David F Grabski, Yinin Hu, Sara K Rasmussen, Eugene D McGahren, Jeffrey W Gander
INTRODUCTION: The Malone appendicostomy is a continent channel used for antegrade enemas. It requires daily cannulation and is susceptible to stenosis. We use an indwelling low-profile balloon button tube inserted through the appendix into the cecum for antegrade enemas. We hypothesized that this method is effective at managing constipation or fecal incontinence and is associated with a low rate of stenosis. METHODS: Children who underwent laparoscopic appendicostomy balloon button placement at our institution from January 2011 to April 2017 were identified...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
keyword
keyword
37261
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"