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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924484/diabetic-ketoacidosis-producing-extreme-hyperkalemia-in-a-patient-with-type-1-diabetes-on-hemodialysis
#1
Hodaka Yamada, Shunsuke Funazaki, Masafumi Kakei, Kazuo Hara, San-E Ishikawa
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a critical complication of type 1 diabetes associated with water and electrolyte disorders. Here, we report a case of DKA with extreme hyperkalemia (9.0 mEq/L) in a patient with type 1 diabetes on hemodialysis. He had a left frontal cerebral infarction resulting in inability to manage his continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump. Electrocardiography showed typical changes of hyperkalemia, including absent P waves, prolonged QRS interval and tented T waves. There was no evidence of total body water deficit...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918652/investigation-of-pump-compatibility-of-fast-acting-insulin-aspart-in-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Eric Zijlstra, Marek Demissie, Tina Graungaard, Tim Heise, Leszek Nosek, Bruce Bode
BACKGROUND: Ultra-fast-acting insulins, such as fast-acting insulin aspart (faster aspart), have pharmacokinetic properties that may be advantageous for patients using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), provided that they are compatible with and safe to use in CSII. METHODS: Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, actively controlled trial evaluating compatibility, efficacy, and safety of faster aspart in adults with type 1 diabetes using their own MiniMed Paradigm pump with Quick-Set or Silhouette infusion sets...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898340/-from-insulin-pump-and-continuous-glucose-monitoring-to-the-artificial-pancreas
#3
Pamela Apablaza, Néstor Soto, Ethel Codner
Technology for diabetes care has undergone major development during recent decades. These technological advances include continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), also known as insulin pumps, and real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RT-CGMS). The integration of CSII and RT-CGMS into a single device has led to sensor-augmented pump therapy and more recently, a technology that has automated delivery of basal insulin therapy, known as hybrid system. These new technologies have led to benefits in attaining better metabolic control and decreasing the incidence of severe hypoglycemia, especially in patients with type 1 diabetes...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891435/ninety-day-local-tolerability-and-toxicity-study-of-nd0612-a-novel-formulation-of-levodopa-carbidopa-administered-by-subcutaneous-continuous-infusion-in-minipigs
#4
Yuval Ramot, Abraham Nyska, Robert R Maronpot, Ronit Shaltiel-Karyo, Yonit Tsarfati, Rosa Anna Manno, Giuseppe Sacco, Oron Yacoby-Zeevi
A 90-day study in Göttingen minipigs was conducted to test the local tolerability and systemic toxicity of ND0612, a novel aqueous solution of carbidopa (CD)/levodopa (LD) intended for the treatment of Parkinson's disease by continuous subcutaneous administration using a discrete infusion pump. To evaluate tissue site reactions, we used a unique study design involving multiple infusion sites to evaluate the effect of dose per site (270/63, 360/45, and 360/84 mg LD/CD), volume of infusion per site (4.5 and 6 ml per site), formulation concentration (60/14 and 60/7...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889721/spinal-myoclonus-responding-to-continuous-intrathecal-morphine-pump
#5
Jung-Eun Ahn, Dallah Yoo, Ki-Young Jung, Jong-Min Kim, Beom Seok Jeon, Myung Chong Lee
Spinal myoclonus is a sudden, brief, and involuntary movement of segmental or propriospinal muscle groups. Spinal myoclonus has occasionally been reported in patients undergoing opioid therapy, but the pathophysiology of opioid-induced myoclonus has not been elucidated yet. Here, we present two patients with spinal segmental myoclonus secondary to ischemic and radiation myelopathy. Conventional medications did not help treat persistent myoclonus in both legs. Continuous intrathecal morphine infusion was implanted for pain control in one patient, which relieved spinal myoclonus entirely...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888788/experimental-and-modelling-characterisation-of-adjustable-hollow-micro-needle-delivery-systems
#6
Ting-Ting Liu, Kai Chen, Min Pan
BACKGROUND: Hollow micro-needles have been used increasingly less in practice because the infusion into the skin is limited by the tissue resistance to flow. The relationship between the infusion flow rate and tissue resistance pressure is not clear. METHODS: A custom-made, hollow micro-needle system was used in this study. The driving force and infusion flow rate were measured using a force transducer attached to an infusion pump. Evans blue dye was injected into the air, polyacrylamide gel and in-vivo mouse skin at different flow rates...
September 6, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886786/infusion-pump-in-uh60l-m-flight-in-afghanistan-why-failures-occur
#7
Nicholas Paul Pelletier, Andrew Fisher
The ALARIS MSIII Infusion Pump (CareFusion, San Diego, CA) uses 3 separate alarms designed to prevent air emboli: "check air sensor," "air in lower tubing," and "air in line." It is assumed that ambient pressure changes cause air emboli that lead to pump failure although evidence to support this is limited. In this small study, the MSIII proved to be highly resilient and able to maintain function even after large repetitive emboli. Although unproven, it is more likely that these alarms are usually caused by loosening of the intravenous tubing within the pump's collar...
September 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885996/predesigned-labels-to-prevent-medication-errors-in-hospitalized-patients-a-quasi-experimental-design-study
#8
María Fernanda Morales-González, María Alejandra Galiano Gálvez
INTRODUCTION: Our institution implemented the use of pre-designed labeling of intravenous drugs and fluids, administration routes and infusion pumps of to prevent medication errors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of predesigned labeling in reducing medication errors in the preparation and administration stages of prescribed medication in patients hospitalized with invasive lines, and to characterize medication errors. METHODS: This is a pre/post intervention study...
September 8, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885476/determining-the-risk-of-sepsis-using-nurse-compounded-elastomeric-pumps-for-continuous-infusion-in-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy
#9
Pauline M Dobson, Mark Loewenthal, Lisa Harris
Limited availability of compounded antibiotics used for continuous infusion outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) can delay or interrupt an OPAT course. To solve this problem, OPAT nurses at a hospital in Australia have been compounding elastomeric pumps for immediate use. The incidence of sepsis in 5014 patients before and after the introduction of nurse compounding was compared. There were no cases of laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection among the nurse-compounded group compared with 2 cases (0...
September 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884566/effects-on-cognitive-function-of-propofol-medium-and-long-chain-lipid-emulsion-in-patients-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#10
Shenghui Yu, Jianlei Hu, Li Ding, Da Yu
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the effects of propofol medium and long chain lipid emulsion on cognitive function of the patients with hepatic encephalopathy undergoing hemofiltration treatment. METHODS: A total of 87 patients diagnosed with hepatic encephalopathy from January 2014 to January 2016 were continuously selected, and randomly (Using Random number method) divided into an observation group (45 cases) and a control group (42 cases). All patients were treated with persistent hemofiltration; the patients in control group were not given any sedative measures, while the patients in observation group were given a propofol medium-long chain lipid emulsion injection with a dose determined by each individual's degree of restlessness and tolerance to hemofiltration (Intravenous injection was performed with the first dose of 100mg, and then patients are subjected to micro-infusion pump with a dose of 0...
September 7, 2017: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884121/contrast-microsphere-destruction-by-a-continuous-flow-ventricular-assist-device-an-in-vitro-evaluation-using-a-mock-circulation-loop
#11
David G Platts, Nicole Bartnikowski, Shaun D Gregory, Gregory M Scalia, John F Fraser
OBJECTIVES: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is fundamental in managing patients supported with ventricular assist devices (VAD). However imaging can be difficult in these patients. Contrast improves image quality but they are hydrodynamically fragile agents. The aim was to assess contrast concentration following passage through a VAD utilising a mock circulation loop (MCL). METHODS: Heartware continuous flow (CF) VAD was incorporated into a MCL. Definity® contrast was infused into the MCL with imaging before and after CF-VAD...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883672/comparison-of-different-analgesic-techniques-for-pain-relief-during-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Afsaneh Fouladi, Aria Soleimani
BACKGROUND: Most patients experience some degree of pain during extracorporeal shock waves lithotripsy (ESWL). AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of target-controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil or sufentanil and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with sufentanil or morphine for pain relief during ESWL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double blind, randomized clinical trial, a total of 60 patients who were scheduled for elective ESWL, randomly assigned into four groups (A, B, C and D)...
June 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882019/usefulness-of-hospital-at-home-in-nosocomial-infections-advantages-and-limitations
#13
REVIEW
V J González Ramallo, M Mirón Rubio, O Estrada Cuxart, M E García Leoni
Hospital at Home units allows ambulatory treatment and monitoring of complex and serious infections. Nosocomial infections produce an extension of the stay in hospital often specifying long intravenous treatments without any effective oral alternatives. Daily dosing of antimicrobial are easier to administer at home. The use of portable programmable pump infusion and elastomeric devices allow efficient and safe infu-sions for most antimicrobials at home. Some antibiotics against multidrug-resistant organisms of recent introduction have a suitable profile for outpatient intravenous treatment...
September 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880188/a-review-of-safety-and-hazards-associated-with-the-artificial-pancreas
#14
Charrise M Ramkissoon, Brian Aufderheide, B Wayne Bequette, Josep Vehi
The artificial pancreas (AP) is a closed-loop (CL) device with the potential to reduce the complications associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) by maintaining euglycemia in patients. The AP encompasses an algorithm that determines the amount of insulin (and other hormones) to be administered to the patient via a continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) pump using information provided by a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) and other sensors. As the AP approaches commercialization special attention must be given to safety within all the individual components, including physiological changes in the patient, as well as, safety issues that can arise when these components are combined into a single system...
September 4, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879319/efficacy-evaluation-of-syringe-pump-developed-for-continuous-drug-infusion
#15
Bongsu Jung, Kwang-Suk Seo, Suk Jin Kwon, Kiyoung Lee, Suyong Hong, Hyounsoon Seo, Gi-Young Kim, Geun-Mook Park, Juhee Jeong, Soowon Seo
BACKGROUND: In dental intravenous sedation, continuous intravenous infusion of a low-dose drug requires an infusion pump such as a syringe pump. To develop a new syringe pump for clinical use, the functions of the pump must meet certain international standards. Various safety and efficacy tests must be performed on the syringe pump, as stipulated by these standards, and an approval must be received from the approving agency based on such test results. METHODS: The authors of the present study developed a novel syringe pump and performed efficacy evaluation by testing its infusion speed at 1 and 25 ml/h, and infusion performance testing at 2 and 24 h...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879317/the-evaluation-of-implementing-smart-patient-controlled-analgesic-pump-with-a-different-infusion-rate-for-different-time-duration-on-postoperative-pain-management
#16
Saeyoung Kim, Younghoon Jeon, Hyeonjun Lee, Jung A Lim, Sungsik Park, Si Oh Kim
BACKGROUND: Control of postoperative pain is an important aspect of postoperative patient management. Among the methods of postoperative pain control, patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) has been the most commonly used. This study tested the convenience and safety of a PCA method in which the dose adjusted according to time. METHODS: This study included 100 patients who had previously undergone orthognathic surgery, discectomy, or total hip arthroplasty, and wished to control their postoperative pain through PCA...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876571/duodenectomy-managing-the-fistula
#17
M Govender, O Matsevych, F Ghoor, N Singh, C Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Duodenectomy is rarely indicated, however, in certain circumstances may have be performed. Enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) is the main cause of serious adverse outcomes. Its management remains challenging. METHOD: Two cases of emergency duodenectomy are presented. The management of ECF is described and discussed. RESULTS: Case 1: A 22-year-old male presented in septic shock with perforated duodenal ulcer, suffered two cardiac arrests before index surgery...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873263/continuous-infusion-of-coagulation-factor-concentrates-during-intensive-treatment
#18
REVIEW
P A Holme, G E Tjønnfjord, A Batorova
In clinical management of bleeds and surgical procedures in patients suffering from bleeding disorders either repetitive bolus injections (BI) or continuous infusion (CI) can be used for coagulation factor replacement. Continuous infusion seems to be an attractive route of administration and may be considered if replacement therapy is required for more than 3 days. The strongest argument favouring continuous infusion is its superiority in providing the patient with a safe and constant level of the deficient coagulation factor by balancing input with clearance...
September 5, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871565/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-sensor-augmented-insulin-pump-therapy-with-automated-insulin-suspension-versus-standard-insulin-pump-therapy-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-in-sweden
#19
Johan Jendle, Jayne Smith-Palmer, Alexis Delbaere, Simona de Portu, Natalie Papo, William Valentine, Stéphane Roze
INTRODUCTION: In Sweden an estimated 10,000 people with type 1 diabetes use continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). Sensor-augmented pump therapy (SAP) is associated with higher acquisition costs but provides additional clinical benefits (e.g. reduced rate of hypoglycemic events) over and above that of CSII alone. The aim of the analysis was to assess the cost-effectiveness of SAP with automated insulin suspension relative to CSII alone in two different groups of patients with type 1 diabetes in Sweden...
September 4, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869535/mitochondrial-targeted-antioxidant-maintains-blood-flow-mitochondrial-function-and-redox-balance-in-old-mice-following-prolonged-limb-ischemia
#20
Shunsuke Miura, Shu-Ichi Saitoh, Tomoki Kokubun, Takashi Owada, Hiroyuki Yamauchi, Hirofumi Machii, Yasuchika Takeishi
Aging is a major factor in the decline of limb blood flow with ischemia. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We investigated the role of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) with regard to limb perfusion recovery in aging during ischemia. We performed femoral artery ligation in young and old mice with or without treatment with a scavenger of mitochondrial superoxide, MitoTEMPO (180 μg/kg/day, from pre-operative day 7 to post-operative day (POD) 21) infusion using an implanted mini-pump...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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