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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431473/genetic-association-of-the-norepinephrine-transporter-gene-g1287a-polymorphism-with-risk-of-schizophrenia-a-case-control-study-and-meta-analysis
#1
Xiaofeng Zhao, Yinghua Zhang, Hong Li, Qian Liu, Qingqing Zhang, Hengfen Li
BACKGROUND: The G1287A polymorphism (rs5569) in exon 9 of the norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene has been associated with schizophrenia in several populations. However, the results are conflicting. Moreover, few studies have investigated the relationship between the G1287A polymorphism and schizophrenia among the Chinese Han population. METHODS: A case-control study was designed to explore whether the G1287A genetic variant is related to schizophrenia in the Chinese Han population...
February 12, 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415721/the-associations-between-malaria-interventions-and-the-environment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Margaux L Sadoine, Audrey Smargiassi, Valéry Ridde, Lucy S Tusting, Kate Zinszer
BACKGROUND: Malaria transmission is driven by multiple factors, including complex and multifaceted connections between malaria transmission, socioeconomic conditions, climate and interventions. Forecasting models should account for all significant drivers of malaria incidence although it is first necessary to understand the relationship between malaria burden and the various determinants of risk to inform the development of forecasting models. In this study, the associations between malaria risk, environmental factors, and interventions were evaluated through a systematic review...
February 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411292/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-canagliflozin-300%C3%A2-mg-versus-dapagliflozin-10%C3%A2-mg-added-to-metformin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#3
Cheryl Neslusan, Anna Teschemaker, Michael Willis, Pierre Johansen, Lien Vo
INTRODUCTION: Agents that inhibit sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2), including canagliflozin and dapagliflozin, are approved in the United States for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). SGLT2 inhibition lowers blood glucose by increasing urinary glucose excretion, which leads to a mild osmotic diuresis and a net loss of calories that are associated with reductions in body weight and blood pressure. This analysis evaluated the cost-effectiveness of canagliflozin 300 mg versus dapagliflozin 10 mg in patients with T2DM inadequately controlled with metformin in the United States...
February 6, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405263/mosquito-repellents-for-malaria-prevention
#4
REVIEW
Marta F Maia, Merav Kliner, Marty Richardson, Christian Lengeler, Sarah J Moore
BACKGROUND: Malaria is an important cause of illness and death across endemic regions. Considerable success against malaria has been achieved within the past decade mainly through long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs). However, elimination of the disease is proving difficult as current control methods do not protect against mosquitoes biting outdoors and when people are active. Repellents may provide a personal protection solution during these times. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of topical repellents, insecticide-treated clothing, and spatial repellents on malaria transmission...
February 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395997/prevention-of-malaria-in-pregnancy
#5
REVIEW
Meghna Desai, Jenny Hill, Silke Fernandes, Patrick Walker, Christopher Pell, Julie Gutman, Kassoum Kayentao, Raquel Gonzalez, Jayne Webster, Brian Greenwood, Michel Cot, Feiko O Ter Kuile
Malaria remains one of the most preventable causes of adverse birth outcomes. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine is used to prevent malaria, but resistance to this drug combination has decreased its efficacy and new alternatives are needed. In Africa, a meta-analysis showed three-course or monthly IPTp with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine to be safe and more effective than the original two-course sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine strategy, prompting WHO to update its policy in 2012...
January 30, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377409/diminishing-benefit-of-smoking-cessation-medications-during-the-first-year-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Laura J Rosen, Tal Galili, Jeffrey Kott, Mark Goodman, Laurence S Freedman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although smoking cessation medications have shown effectiveness in increasing abstinence in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), it is unclear to what extent benefits persist over time. This paper assesses whether the benefits of smoking cessation medications decline over the first year. METHODS: We selected studies from three systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Collaboration. RCTs of first-line smoking cessation medications, with 6- and 12-month follow-up, were eligible for inclusion...
January 29, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374517/association-analysis-of-norepinephrine-transporter-polymorphisms-and-methylphenidate-response-in-adhd-patients
#7
Nora Angyal, Erzsebet Zsofia Horvath, Zsanett Tarnok, Mara J Richman, Emese Bognar, Krisztina Lakatos, Maria Sasvari-Szekely, Zsofia Nemoda
AIMS: Methylphenidate (MPH) is the most frequently prescribed drug in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Hitherto mostly the dopamine transporter gene has been studied in MPH-response and only a few studies analyzed the norepinephrine transporter (NET, SLC6A2) gene, although MPH is a potent inhibitor of both dopamine and norepinephrine transporters. We aimed to analyze this monoamine transporter gene in relation to ADHD per se and MPH-response in particular to gain further knowledge in ADHD pharmacogenetics using a Caucasian sample...
January 24, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369654/why-and-when-hierarchy-impacts-team-effectiveness-a-meta-analytic-integration
#8
Lindred L Greer, Bart A de Jong, Maartje E Schouten, Jennifer E Dannals
Hierarchy has the potential to both benefit and harm team effectiveness. In this article, we meta-analytically investigate different explanations for why and when hierarchy helps or hurts team effectiveness, drawing on results from 54 prior studies (N = 13,914 teams). Our findings show that, on net, hierarchy negatively impacts team effectiveness (performance: ρ = -.08; viability: ρ = -.11), and that this effect is mediated by increased conflict-enabling states. Additionally, we show that the negative relationship between hierarchy and team performance is exacerbated by aspects of the team structure (i...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368449/geographical-and-experimental-contexts-modulate-the-effect-of-warming-on-top-down-control-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Nicholas Dos Anjos Cristiano Marino, Gustavo Quevedo Romero, Vinicius Fortes Farjalla
Ecologists have extensively investigated the effect of warming on consumer-resource interactions, with experiments revealing that warming can strengthen, weaken or have no net effect on top-down control of resources. These experiments have inspired a body of theoretical work to explain the variation in the effect of warming on top-down control. However, there has been no quantitative attempt to reconcile theory with outcomes from empirical studies. To address the gap between theory and experiment, we performed a meta-analysis to examine the combined effect of experimental warming and top-down control on resource biomass and determined potential sources of variation across experiments...
January 24, 2018: Ecology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360840/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-surgery-in-randomized-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Hyunsuk Frank Roh, Seung Hyuk Nam, Jung Mogg Kim
IMPORTANCE: This review provides a comprehensive comparison of treatment outcomes between robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RLS) and conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) based on randomly-controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVES: We employed RCTs to provide a systematic review that will enable the relevant community to weigh the effectiveness and efficacy of surgical robotics in controversial fields on surgical procedures both overall and on each individual surgical procedure...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350380/patients-treated-with-bivalirudin-still-at-higher-risk-of-stent-thrombosis-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials-of-bivalirudin-and-heparin-for-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#11
Stefan Grajek, Michał Michlak, Adrian Gwizdała, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Marek Grygier, Jarosław Hiczkiewicz, Maciej Lesiak
BACKGROUND: Although the current practice guidelines recommend using both heparin and bivalirudin for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), the research data are ambiguous. AIM: To compare the impact of bivalirudin- and heparin on major clinical endpoints in PCI patients with particular emphasis on periprocedural stent thrombosis. METHODS: Total of 18 randomised clinical trials involving 41752 subjects were included. The endpoints comprised: net adverse clinical event (NACE: death, myocardial infarction [MI], unscheduled revascularisation, major bleeding [MB]), major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE: death, MI or stroke), acute/subacute stent thrombosis (ST)...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318649/treatment-related-changes-in-bone-turnover-and-fracture-risk-reduction-in-clinical-trials-of-anti-resorptive-drugs-a-meta-regression
#12
Douglas C Bauer, Dennis M Black, Mary L Bouxsein, Li-Yung Lui, Jane A Cauley, Anne E de Papp, Andreas Grauer, Sundeep Khosla, Charles E McCulloch, Richard Eastell
Few pooled analyses of antiresorptive (AR) treatment trials relate short-term changes in bone turnover markers (BTMs) to subsequent fracture reduction. Such information would be useful to assess new ARs or novel dosing regimens. In the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Bone Quality project, we analyzed individual-level data from 28,000 participants enrolled in 11 bisphosphonate (BP) and three selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) placebo-controlled fracture endpoint trials. Using BTM results for two bone formation markers (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase [bone ALP] and pro-collagen I N-propeptide [PINP]) and two bone resorption markers (N-terminal and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen) and incident fracture outcome data, we performed a meta-regression relating the mean net effect of treatment on change in bone turnover (active minus placebo % difference after 3 to 12 months) to the log of study-wide fracture risk reduction, and used linear regression to plot the best fitting line...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277295/duration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-following-drug-eluting-stent-implantation-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Abhishek Sharma, Aakash Garg, Sammy Elmariah, Douglas Drachman, Chukwudi Obiagwu, Ajay Vallakati, Samin K Sharma, Carl J Lavie, Debabrata Mukherjee, Ron Waksman, Giulio G Stefanini, Fausto Feres, Jonathan D Marmur, Gérard Helft
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients account for an increasing number of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased residual platelet activity during dual antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) and DM patients have worse clinical outcomes after PCI as compared to non-DM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of short duration DAPT (S-DAPT) and long duration DAPT (L-DAPT) after drug eluting stent (DES) implantation in DM and non-DM patients...
December 22, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244953/metaqsar-an-integrated-database-engine-to-manage-and-analyze-metabolic-data
#14
Alessandro Pedretti, Angelica Mazzolari, Giulio Vistoli, Bernard Testa
The study describes the MetaQSAR tool, a new database engine specifically tailored to collect and analyze metabolic data. This is a plug-in embedded in the VEGA suite of programs (freely downloadable at www.vegazz.net) and takes advantage from all cheminformatics features implemented in the software with additional tools aimed to perform statistical analyses, similarity searches and physicochemical profiling of the stored molecules. MetaQSAR also implements a novel metabolism classification, which groups the metabolic reactions in 101 classes and can find numerous applications in metabolic analyses...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241887/basal-insulin-regimens-for-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cost-utility-analysis
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dalia Dawoud, Elisabetta Fenu, Bernard Higgins, David Wonderling, Stephanie A Amiel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of basal insulin regimens for adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus in England. METHODS: A cost-utility analysis was conducted in accordance with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence reference case. The UK National Health Service and personal and social services perspective was used and a 3.5% discount rate was applied for both costs and outcomes. Relative effectiveness estimates were based on a systematic review of published trials and a Bayesian network meta-analysis...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241886/pcsk9-inhibitors-show-value-for-patients-and-the-us-health-care-system
#17
Wei-Han Cheng, Étienne Gaudette, Dana P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as cholesterol-lowering therapies for patients with familial hypercholesterolemia or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the long-term health and economic value of PCSK9 inhibitors for Americans (51 years and older). METHODS: We conducted simulations using the Future Elderly Model, an established dynamic microsimulation model to project the lifetime outcomes for the US population aged 51 years and older...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224649/efficacy-and-safety-of-potent-platelet-p2y12-receptor-inhibitors-in-elderly-versus-nonelderly-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Giuseppe Tarantini, Daisuke Ueshima, Gianpiero D'Amico, Giulia Masiero, Giuseppe Musumeci, Gregg W Stone, Sorin J Brener
BACKGROUND: The use of the potent oral P2Y12 inhibitors prasugrel and ticagrelor in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has a favorable net clinical effect compared with clopidogrel and is recommended as first-line therapy. However, the impact of these agents on ischemic and bleeding events in elderly ACS patients is not well defined. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of articles comparing potent P2Y12 inhibitors to clopidogrel in elderly and nonelderly patients (defined according to each study) with ACS in terms of efficacy (composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and safety (major bleeding) end points...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224636/effects-of-pharmacy-based-interventions-on-the-control-and-management-of-diabetes-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Mohsen Yaghoubi, Kerry Mansell, Hassanali Vatanparastc, Megan Steeves, Wu Zeng, Marwa Farag
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of pharmacy-based interventions on clinical outcomes associated with diabetes-related complications as well as on nonclinical outcomes in people with diabetes. METHODS: We searched 4 main databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) for studies that considered clinical and nonclinical outcomes of pharmacy-based interventions among people with diabetes...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218018/aerobic-interval-training-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#20
Shanhu Qiu, Xue Cai, Zilin Sun, Martina Zügel, Jürgen M Steinacker, Uwe Schumann
Vigorous to maximal aerobic interval training (INT) has received remarkable interest in improving cardiometabolic outcomes for type 2 diabetes patients recently, yet with inconsistent findings. This meta-analysis was aimed to quantify its effectiveness in type 2 diabetes. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searches of 3 databases to October 2017, which evaluated the effects of INT with a minimal training duration of 8 weeks vs. moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or non-exercise training (NET) among type 2 diabetes patients on outcomes including cardiorespiratory fitness, glycemic control, body composition, blood pressure, and lipid profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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