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blackcurrant seed oil

Olga Krasodomska, Patrizia Paolicelli, Stefania Cesa, Maria Antonietta Casadei, Christian Jungnickel
In this paper, we focused on the development of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) for dermal application. The NLC matrix was designed as a protective reservoir of biological active compounds that naturally occur in domestic fruit seed oils. Over the years, emulsions, as a popular physicochemical form of personal care products, were refined in order to obtain the best possible penetration into the skin of any bioactive compound introduced in the formulation, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In fact, the bioactive components are useful only if they are able to penetrate the skin unchanged...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Simone Gabbanini, Riccardo Matera, Alice Valvassori, Luca Valgimigli
A novel method for the UHPLC-MS/MS analysis of (E)-4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is described. The method is based on derivatization of 4-HNE with pentafluorophenylhydrazine (1) or 4-trifluoromethylphenylhydrazine (2) in acetonitrile in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid as catalyst at room temperature and allows complete analysis of one sample of vegetable oil in only 21 min, including sample preparation and chromatography. The method involving hydrazine 1, implemented in an ion trap instrument with analysis of the transition m/z 337→154 showed LOD=10...
April 15, 2015: Analytica Chimica Acta
Adam Jurgoński, Bartosz Fotschki, Jerzy Juśkiewicz
PURPOSE: It was hypothesised that blackcurrant seed oil beneficially modulates metabolic disorders related to obesity and its complications. The study also aimed to investigate the potentially adverse effects of an unbalanced diet on the distal intestine. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups of eight animals each and were fed a basal or obesogenic (high in fat and low in fibre) diet that contained either rapeseed oil (Canola) or blackcurrant seed oil...
September 2015: European Journal of Nutrition
Katarina P Šavikin, Boban S Ðorđević, Mihailo S Ristić, Dragana Krivokuća-Ðokić, Dejan S Pljevljakušić, Todor Vulić
Currant seeds, a by-product of juice production, are recognized as a valuable source of oil rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. We have evaluated 28 currant varieties for their oil content and fatty-acid composition. The oil content in the seeds ranged from 18.2-27.7%, and no statistical difference between varieties of different fruit color were recorded. Furthermore, the estimated oil yields in the field production ranged from 26.4-212.4 kg/ha. The GC and GC/MS chemical profiles of the seed oils extracted from all examined varieties were common for currants...
January 2013: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Vladimír Vrkoslav, Josef Cvačka
Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) were analysed by reversed-phase HPLC coupled with atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation (APCI) mass spectrometry. The chromatographic separations of the FAMEs were optimised using acetonitrile or binary acetonitrile gradients and C18 or C30 columns. The gas-phase reactions of acetonitrile and unsaturated FAMEs in the APCI source provided [M+C(3)H(5)N](+·) adducts. When fragmented, these adducts yielded diagnostic ions, allowing the unambiguous localisation of double bonds...
October 12, 2012: Journal of Chromatography. A
Melainie Cameron, Joel J Gagnier, Sigrun Chrubasik
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicine interventions have been identified as having potential benefit in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVES: To update an existing systematic (Cochrane) review of herbal therapies in RA. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, Web of Science, Dissertation Abstracts (1996 to 2009), unrestricted by language, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform in October 2010...
2011: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
P Linnamaa, J Savolainen, L Koulu, S Tuomasjukka, H Kallio, B Yang, T Vahlberg, R Tahvonen
BACKGROUND: The present increased incidence of atopic diseases has been associated with an altered intake of essential fatty acids (EFAs). The composition of blackcurrant seed oil (BCSO) corresponds to the recommended dietary intake of EFAs, and as a dietary supplement could, in small doses, modify the imbalance of EFAs in an efficient way. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of dietary supplementation with BCSO on the prevalence of atopy at 12 months of age. METHODS: Three hundred and thirteen pregnant mothers were randomly assigned to receive BCSO (151) or olive oil as placebo (162)...
August 2010: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Li-Ying Song, Wan-Xiang Lu, Jun Hu, Yan Zhang, Wei-Bo Yin, Yu-Hong Chen, Shan-Ting Hao, Bai-Lin Wang, Richard R-C Wang, Zan-Min Hu
Gamma-linolenic acid (gamma-linolenic acid, GLA; C18:3 Delta(6, 9, 12)) belongs to the omega-6 family and exists primarily in several plant oils, such as evening primrose oil, blackcurrant oil, and borage oil. Delta(6)-desaturase is a key enzyme involved in the synthesis of GLA. There have been no previous reports on the genes encoding Delta(6)-desaturase in blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.). In this research, five nearly identical copies of Delta(6)-desaturase gene-like sequences, named RnD8A, RnD8B, RnD6C, RnD6D, and RnD6E, were isolated from blackcurrant...
June 2010: Journal of Experimental Botany
J Brod, H Traitler, A Studer, O Lacharriere
Synopsis This report utilizes a new procedure based on epidermal stripping to analyse unlabelled skin fatty acids. This technique was applied to the study of human dry skin treated with blackcurrant seed oil, an essential fatty acid rich lipid also containing gamma linolenic acid. In human dry skin the usual fatty acids were found in the stratum corneum as in normal skin outer layers. Among the saturated series no significant difference was observed in the C16 chain but a smaller quantity of C18:0 was detected...
August 1988: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
Heidi Leskinen, Jukka-Pekka Suomela, Janne Pinta, Heikki Kallio
Gamma-linolenic acid (Gla) and oils containing Gla have evident positive effects on a variety of disorders, and therefore, the structure of triacylglycerols (TAGs) containing Gla is of special interest. The regioisomeric structures of TAGs 18:3(n-3)/18:2/18:2 (Ala/L/L) and 18:3(n-6)/18:2/18:2 (Gla/L/L) in blackcurrant seed oil were determined by Ag-HPLC/APCI-MS and Ag-HPLC/ESI-MS/MS techniques. In the latter, silver ion adducts were prepared by adding silver nitrate to the postcolumn flow. A new Ag-HPLC solvent system containing nonchlorinated solvents for the separation of Gla- and Ala-containing TAGs is introduced...
August 1, 2008: Analytical Chemistry
Milena Bártlová, Prokop Bernásek, Jan Sýkora, Helena Sovová
Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) seed oil is rich in alpha- and gamma-linolenic acids, the latter in particular being of potential use in medicine. The enzymatic hydrolysis of the oil was carried out in supercritical carbon dioxide using lipase Lipozyme as catalyst and changes in the composition of acylglycerols were recorded. Mono-, di-, and triacylglycerols and free fatty acids were separated by non-aqueous high-performance liquid chromatography in reversed phase mode and detected by UV diode array and 1H NMR detectors...
July 24, 2006: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Sigrun Chrubasik, S Pollak
Herbal antirheumatics are indicated in painful inflammatory and degenerative rheumatic diseases. Their mechanism of action is broader than that of synthetic antirheumatics. Particular preparations from Devils's Claw with 50 to 100 mg of harpagoside in the daily dosage as well as a particular willow bark extract with 120 to 240 mg salicin in the daily dosage proved efficacy in a number of clinical studies including confirmatory ones. Exploratory studies indicate that these herbal antirheumatics were not inferior to the selective COX-2 inhibitor rofecoxib when treating acute exacerbations of chronic low back pain...
2002: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
M L Ruiz del Castillo, G Dobson, R Brennan, S Gordon
The fatty acid composition and total fatty acid content of seeds from 36 blackcurrant genotypes developed at the Scottish Crop Research Institute were examined. A rapid small-scale procedure, involving homogenization of seeds in toluene followed by sodium methoxide transesterification and gas chromatography, was used. There was considerable variation between genotypes. The gamma-linolenic acid content generally varied from 11 to 19% of the total fatty acids, but three genotypes had higher values of 22-24%, levels previously not reported for blackcurrant seed and similar to those for borage seed...
January 16, 2002: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Y Guo, X Cai, X Zhao, R Shi
The effects of vegetable seed oil on hyperlipidemia induced by high lipid diet in rats. Male adult Wistar rats were fed on the test diet containing 94% high lipid diet and 6% lard pinon seed oil, perilla seed oil, blackcurrent seed oil, borage seed oil and evening primrose seed oil respectively for 3 weeks. The results showed that the vale of trilyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), LDL-C/HDL-C(high density lipoprotein cholesterol) ratio increased and the vale of HDL-C/TC ratio and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase(LCAT) activity decreased in the groups with vegetable seed oil were less than that of the control group...
January 2001: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
S Seri, A D'Alessandro
The effects of dietary supplementation by blackcurrant seed oil (BSO) and zinc sulphate on PGI2 gastric release and on serum zinc levels were investigated in 50 pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats which received watery alcohol solutions from 5% to 30% (v/v) as well as in their newborns. Blood zinc was assayed by atomic absorption spectroscopy; PGI2 was evaluated by platelet aggregation PGI2-dependent test. Dietary supplementation by BSO increased gastric release of PGI2 both in the mothers and their newborns; blood zinc levels were significantly (p < 0...
January 1997: Bollettino Della Società Italiana di Biologia Sperimentale
J L Deferne, A R Leeds
The objective of this study was to test the effect of a supplement of blackcurrant seed oil (BSO), a rich source of gamma-linolenic acid (C18:3n-6) on the resting blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular reactivity to a psychological stress in borderline hypertensive individuals. Twenty-seven male volunteers found to have a BP lying persistently within the borderline range, were allocated randomly to one of two groups at the end of a 4-week baseline period. The first group received a daily supplement of 6 g safflower oil for the consecutive 8 weeks while the second the same dose of blackcurrant seed oil...
August 1996: Journal of Human Hypertension
M Diboune, G Férard, Y Ingenbleek, A Bourguignat, D Spielmann, C Scheppler-Roupert, P A Tulasne, B Calon, M Hasselmann, P Sauder
Thirty-six adult severe head injury and cerebral stroke patients in four intensive-care units were randomized to receive one of three enteral diets for 21 days. These diets, which supplied 45% of calories from fat, differed only in lipid composition. Diet A was comprised of 100% soybean oil, diet B contained a 50:50 (wt/wt) mixture of soybean oil and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), and diet C contained 42.5% MCT, 50% soybean oil, and 7.5% blackcurrant seed oils. Plasma phosphatidylcholine and fatty acid composition of plasma total phospholipids were determined before initiating treatment (day 0) and weekly throughout the study...
July 1993: Nutrition
J Watson, M L Byars, P McGill, A W Kelman
In this study, dietary supplements of blackcurrant seed oil (BCO) rich in the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) gamma-linolenic acid were fed to both RA patients and healthy volunteers with sunflower seed oil being fed to control subjects. A significant improvement in morning stiffness was noted in the RA patients receiving BCO. Monocytes were isolated from all subjects and cultured in the presence of lipopolysaccharide. It was observed that the production from the cultured monocytes of the cytokines IL-1 beta, TNF alpha and IL-6 as well as the prostaglandin PGE2 was markedly altered in those subjects given BCO...
December 1993: British Journal of Rheumatology
L J Leventhal, E G Boyce, R B Zurier
The objective of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy and side effects of blackcurrant seed oil (BCSO), in a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, 24-week trial in patients with RA and active synovitis. BCSO is rich in gammalinolenic acid (GLA) and alphalinolenic acid (ALA). Both GLA and eicosapentaenoic acid which derives from ALA suppress inflammation and joint tissue injury in animal models. Treatment with BCSO resulted in reduction in signs and symptoms of disease activity in patients with RA (P < 0...
September 1994: British Journal of Rheumatology
R S Chapkin, S L Carmichael
There have been reports that dietary gamma-linolenic acid [18:3(n-6)] and alpha-linolenic acid [18:3(n-3)] are capable of regulating cellular eicosanoid biosynthesis and inflammation. Because the eicosanoid cascade is regulated in part by the distribution of arachidonic acid [20:4(n-6)] among phospholipid subclasses, the effects of feeding blackcurrant seed oil [containing 18:3(n-6) and 18:3(n-3)] on the fatty acid composition of diacyl, alkylacyl and alkenylacyl subclasses of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were studied in mouse peritoneal macrophages...
August 1990: Journal of Nutrition
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