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Saharat Jantaratrirat, Chompunuch Boonarkart, Kanyarat Ruangrung, Ornpreya Suptawiwat, Prasert Auewarakul
Microparticles (MPs) are vesicles that are released by budding from plasma membrane of living cells. Recently, the role of MPs in antiviral activity has been proposed. We investigated quantity and anti-influenza activity of MPs from human alveolar epithelial cells A549, human bronchial epithelial cells BEAS-2B, human colon adenocarcinoma cells HT-29, and the human lung fibroblast cells MRC-5. MPs were found from all four cell lines. However, anti-influenza activity against an H1N1 influenza virus was found only from MPs of A549 and BEAS-2B...
May 21, 2018: Viral Immunology
Lucie Jiraskova, Lukas Cerveny, Sara Karbanova, Zuzana Ptackova, Frantisek Staud
Equilibrative ( SLC29A) and concentrative ( SLC28A) nucleoside transporters contribute to proper placental development and mediate uptake of nucleosides/nucleoside-derived drugs. We analyzed placental expression of SLC28A mRNA during gestation. Moreover, we studied in choriocarcinoma-derived BeWo cells whether SLC29A and SLC28A mRNA levels can be modulated by activity of adenylyl cyclase, retinoic acid receptor activation, CpG islands methylation, or histone acetylation, using forskolin, all- trans-retinoic acid, and 5-azacytidine, and sodium butyrate/sodium valproate, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Wang Liu, Yu-Long Li, Mu-Ting Feng, Yu-Wei Zhao, Xianting Ding, Ben He, Xuan Liu
Aim: Combined use of herbal medicines in patients underwent dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) might cause bleeding or thrombosis because herbal medicines with anti-platelet activities may exhibit interactions with DAPT. In this study, we tried to use a feedback system control (FSC) optimization technique to optimize dose strategy and clarify possible interactions in combined use of DAPT and herbal medicines. Methods: Herbal medicines with reported anti-platelet activities were selected by searching related references in Pubmed...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Ya-Ping Zhang, Yong Zhang, Zhi-Bin Xiao, Yan-Bo Zhang, Jing Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Li, Yao-Bin Zhu
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is linked to cell apoptosis and abundantly expressed in brain tissue. Mitochondrial oxidative stress plays a key role in activating apoptotic pathway following cerebral ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. Reduced glutathione (GSH) is exclusively synthesized in cytosol but distributed in mitochondria. In the present study, we investigated whether CFTR affected mitochondrial oxidative stress via regulating GSH and thereby protected neurons against apoptosis following cerebral IR...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Bo-Jeong Pyun, Hyun Yang, Eunjin Sohn, Song Yi Yu, Dongoh Lee, Dong Ho Jung, Byoung Seob Ko, Hye Won Lee
Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze (TTK) is a medicinal plant traditionally used to treat various diseases such as diabetic, inflammatory, and female-related disorders. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinological disorder in women of reproductive age, and hyperandrogenism is a prominent feature of PCOS resulting in anovulation and infertility. In this study, we investigated the effects of a TTK extract on androgen generation and regulation of steroidogenic enzymes in vitro and in vivo...
May 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bin Wang, Guokun Yang, Quan Liu, Jingkai Qin, Yongjiang Xu, Wensheng Li, Xuezhou Liu, Bao Shi
Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), a novel hypothalamic neuropeptide, serves as a key player in the regulation of reproduction across vertebrates, acting on the brain and pituitary to modulate reproductive physiology and behavior. However, little information is available in teleosts regarding the intracellular signal transduction pathway in response to GnIH. To this end, we first cloned the gene of LPXRFa (the piscine ortholog of GnIH) receptor in the half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis), a representative species of the order Pleuronectiformes...
May 7, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Meng Liu, Yi Yang, Bo Tan, Yulei Li, Peilan Zhou, Ruibin Su
Dexmedetomidine (DMED) is a potent and highly selective α2 -adrenergic receptor agonist and is widely used for short-term sedation. However, the mechanism of DMED-induced sedation has not been deciphered. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of Gαi and Gβγ subunits on DMED-induced sedation. An ED50 of DMED-induced loss of righting reflex (200.0nmol/kg) was increased to 375.0 or 433.3nmol/kg after pre-treatment with cAMP analog dbcAMP (50nmol/5μl/mouse, i.c.v.) or the phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor rolipram (100nmol/5μl/mouse, i...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Kazuya Kusama, Kazuhiro Tamura, Hanako Bai, Toshihiro Sakurai, Hirotaka Nishi, Keiichi Isaka, Kazuhiko Imakawa, Mikihiro Yoshie
Protein kinase A (PKA) signalling accompanies elevated intracellular cAMP levels during endometrial stromal cell (ESC) decidualisation. Exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (EPAC), an alternate mediator of cAMP signalling, promotes PKA analogue-induced decidualisation; however, the precise mechanism by which EPAC and PKA co-operatively stimulate decidualisation has not been characterised. To examine the role of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) in EPAC- and PKA-mediated decidualisation of primary human ESCs, a reporter plasmid containing the 332bp region upstream from the transcription initiation site of the decidual prolactin (dPRL) gene was generated and the promoter activity was evaluated using a luciferase assay...
May 8, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Jiannan Zhang, Yiping Wan, Chao Fang, Junan Chen, Wangan Ouyang, Juan Li, Yajun Wang
G protein-coupled receptor 25 (GPR25) is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor in vertebrates, that has been implicated to be associated with autoimmune diseases and regulate blood pressure in humans. However, the endogenous ligand of GPR25 remains unknown in vertebrates. Here, we reported that in non-mammalian vertebrates (zebrafish, spotted gars, and pigeons), GPR25 could be activated by Apelin and Apela peptides, which are also the two endogenous ligands of vertebrate Apelin receptor (APLNR). Using the pGL3-CRE-luciferase reporter assay and confocal microscopy, we first demonstrated that like APLNR, zebrafish GPR25 expressing in HEK293 cells could be effectively activated by zebrafish Apelin and Apela peptides, leading to the inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cAMP production and receptor internalization...
May 1, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Nazia Khan, Ameeduzzafar, Kushagra Khanna, Aseem Bhatnagar, F J Ahmad, A Ali
PURPOSE: Enhancing the ocular hypotensive effect of forskolin (FK) by means of biodegradable chitosan (CS) coated poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NP's). METHODS: One step emulsion-sonication process was employed for the formulation of CS-PLGA NP's with optimization being carried out by employing a four factor four level Box Behnken Design Expert. Physical and spectral characterization, drug release, permeation, confocal and ocular tolerance studies (ex-vivo & in vivo) were performed...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Suman Dalal, Barbara Connelly, Mahipal Singh, Krishna Singh
METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment of adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) with β-AR agonist (isoproterenol) for 15 min increased phosphorylation (serine-518) and sumoylation of NF2. Co-immunoprecipitation assay confirmed β-AR-stimulated sumoylation of NF2. β-AR stimulation enhanced nuclear translocation of phosphorylated and sumoylated NF2. Specific inhibition of β1-AR and protein kinase A (PKA) decreased β-AR-stimulated increase in NF2 post-translational modifications, while inhibition of β2-AR had no effect...
2018: PloS One
Kai-Li Liu, Wen-Chen Kuo, Chia-Yuan Lin, Chong-Kuei Lii, Yen-Lin Liu, Yun-Hsin Cheng, Chia-Wen Tsai
Induction of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), a major lipid peroxidation aldehyde, is observed in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The lipolytic response by 4-HNE has been linked to insulin resistance. In this study, we investigated the effects of carnosic acid (CA) on 4-HNE-induced lipolysis and the inhibition of β-oxidation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The results indicated that cells pretreated with CA reduced 4-HNE-mediated free fatty acid (FFA) release. Furthermore, CA reversed the inhibition of phosphorylation of Tyr632 of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and Akt and the phosphorylation of Ser307 of IRS-1...
April 23, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Haiyan Dong, Yunhai Wei, Chao Xie, Xiaoxuan Zhu, Chao Sun, Qianwen Fu, Lei Pan, Mengting Wu, Yinghan Guo, Jianwei Sun, Hong Shen, Jinyun Ye
In the present study, we cloned and characterized two somatostatin (SS) receptors (SSTRs) from topmouth culter (Erythroculter ilishaeformis) designated as EISSTR6 and EISSTR7. Analysis of EISSTR6 and EISSTR7 signature motifs, 3D structures, and homology with the known members of the SSTR family indicated that the novel receptors had high similarity to the SSTRs of other vertebrates. EISSTR6 and EISSTR7 mRNA expression was detected in 17 topmouth culter tissues, and the highest level was observed in the pituitary...
April 23, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Phetcharawan Lye, Enrrico Bloise, Lubna Nadeem, William Gibb, Stephen J Lye, Stephen G Matthews
The placental multidrug transporters, P-glycoprotein (P-gp, encoded by ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP, ABCG2) protect the foetus from exposure to maternally derived glucocorticoids, toxins and xenobiotics. During pregnancy, maternal glucocorticoid levels can be elevated by stress or exogenous administration. We hypothesized that glucocorticoids modulate the expression of ABCB1/P-gp and ABCG2/BCRP in the first trimester human placenta. Our objective was to examine whether dexamethasone (DEX) or cortisol modulate first trimester placental expression of multidrug transporters and determine whether cytotrophoblasts or the syncytiotrophoblast are/is responsible for mediating these effects...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Worawan B Limpitikul, Meera C Viswanathan, Brian O'Rourke, David T Yue, Anthony Cammarato
Dysregulation of L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) underlies numerous cardiac pathologies. Understanding their modulation with high fidelity relies on investigating LTCCs in their native environment with intact interacting proteins. Such studies benefit from genetic manipulation of endogenous channels in cardiomyocytes, which often proves cumbersome in mammalian models. Drosophila melanogaster, however, offers a potentially efficient alternative as it possesses a relatively simple heart, is genetically pliable, and expresses well-conserved genes...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Kazuki Harada, Hidekazu Sakaguchi, Shoko Sada, Rika Ishida, Yuki Hayasaka, Takashi Tsuboi
Enteroendocrine L cells in the gastrointestinal tract secrete glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which plays an important role in glucose homeostasis. Here we investigated the effect of bitter tastant quinine on GLP-1 secretion using clonal GLUTag mouse enteroendocrine L cells. We found that GLUTag cells expressed putative quinine receptors at mRNA levels. Although application of quinine resulted in an increase of intracellular Ca2+ levels, which was mediated by Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum and Ca2+ influx through voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels, quinine had little effect on GLP-1 secretion...
April 20, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Eduardo M Razza, Mateus J Sudano, Patricia K Fontes, Fernanda F Franchi, Katia Roberta A Belaz, Priscila H Santos, Anthony C S Castilho, Daniele F O Rocha, Marcos N Eberlin, Mariana F Machado, Marcelo F G Nogueira
Mammalian oocytes resume meiosis spontaneously after removal from the ovarian follicle. We tested the effects of a 2-h prematuration treatment (Pre-IVM) with forskolin (FSK) and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) in bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) on the lipid content of oocytes and blastocysts, on the membrane lipid composition of blastocysts and on the transcriptional profiling of cumulus cells and blastocysts in a high-throughput platform. Embryonic development rates to the morula (mean 56.1%) or blastocyst (mean 26...
April 23, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Hélène Clabault, Denis Flipo, Jean Guibourdenche, Thierry Fournier, Thomas Sanderson, Cathy Vaillancourt
Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants during pregnancy. The human placenta is a highly specialized organ supporting normal growth and development of the fetus. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of SSRIs on villous cytotrophoblasts cells, using BeWo cells and human placental trophoblast cells in primary culture. The SSRIs fluoxetine and its metabolite norfluoxetine, sertraline and venlafaxine did not affect BeWo cell proliferation and viability, nor the percentage of M30-positive (apoptotic) primary trophoblast cells...
April 18, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Peng Zhang, Rui-Yun Bi, Ye-Hua Gan
BACKGROUND: The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) drives pain by inducing the expression of inflammatory mediators; however, its ability to regulate sodium channel 1.7 (Nav1.7), a key driver of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) hypernociception, remains unknown. IL-1β induces cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). We previously showed that PGE2 upregulated trigeminal ganglionic Nav1.7 expression. Satellite glial cells (SGCs) involve in inflammatory pain through glial cytokines...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Xiangrui Guo, Xiaohui Bai, Li Li, Jianfeng Li, Haibo Wang
Cisplatin is widely used in the treatment of various types of cancer. However, it could cause severe side effects such as ototoxicity, which greatly limit the clinical application of cisplatin. Forskolin (FSK) is a diterpene derived from the plant Coleus forskohlii, and has been proven an effective drug for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and asthma because of its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory action. Here, we investigated the effects of FSK in cisplatin-induced ototoxicity, and we found that FSK could significantly protect against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in both cell line and isolated mouse cochlear...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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