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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876597/role-of-synbiotics-in-polysaccharide-assisted-colon-targeted-microspheres-of-mesalamine-for-the-treatment-of-ulcerative-colitis
#1
Rupinderjeet Kaur, Monica Gulati, Sachin Kumar Singh
The present study explains the effect of concomitant administration of synbiotics with the polysaccharide based colon targeted delivery system. As the gut microflora get deranged on administration of mesalamine, drug release from such delivery systems is expected to be jeopardised because the release trigger is dependent solely on the colonic microbiota. To overcome this limitation, mesalamine was formulated as microspheres with guar gum and xanthan gum (prebiotics). These were combined with probiotics containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, L...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863994/understanding-the-physics-of-functional-fibers-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-an-evidence-based-approach-to-resolving-enduring-misconceptions-about-insoluble-and-soluble-fiber
#2
Johnson W McRorie, Nicola M McKeown
Enduring misconceptions about the physical effects of fiber in the gut have led to misunderstandings about the health benefits attributable to insoluble and soluble fiber. This review will focus on isolated functional fibers (eg, fiber supplements) whose effects on clinical outcomes have been readily assessed in well-controlled clinical studies. This review will also focus on three health benefits (cholesterol lowering, improved glycemic control, and normalizing stool form [constipation and diarrhea]) for which reproducible evidence of clinical efficacy has been published...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847225/mesoporous-silica-nanoparticle-based-enzyme-responsive-system-for-colon-specific-drug-delivery-through-guar-gum-capping
#3
Balmiki Kumar, Senthilguru Kulanthaivel, Animesh Mondal, Smruti Mishra, Biplab Banerjee, Asim Bhaumik, Indranil Banerjee, Supratim Giri
In the global context of increasing colonic diseases, colon specific oral drug delivery systems have shown promise as an effective therapeutic modality. Herein, we developed a mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) based enzyme responsive materials for colon specific drug delivery. We have utilized guar gum, a natural carbohydrate polymer as a capping layer to contain a model drug, such as 5-flurouracil (5FU) within the mesoporous channels of MSN. Analytical characterization including electron microscopy, PXRD, nitrogen sorption, thermogravimetric analysis and FTIR, confirmed that the synthesized MSN with size less than 100nm is of MCM-41type...
October 29, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842845/qbd-based-synthesis-and-characterization-of-polyacrylamide-grafted-corn-fibre-gum
#4
Akashdeep Singh, Bhumika Mangla, Sheshank Sethi, Sunil Kamboj, Radhika Sharma, Vikas Rana
The aim of present investigation was to utilize quality by design approach for the synthesis of polyacrylamide corn fibre gum (PAAm-g-CFG) from corn fibre gum (CFG) by varying concentration of acrylamide and initiator. The spectral analysis (ATR-FTIR, (1)H NMR, DSC, X-ray and Mass spectroscopy) was conducted to assure grafting copolymerization of CFG with acrylamide. The powder flow properties confirm the porous nature of PAAm-g-CFG. The grafted copolymer dispersion showed shear thinning behaviour that follows Herschel Bulkley model...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842806/synthesis-of-dual-responsive-carbohydrate-polymer-based-ipn-microbeads-for-controlled-release-of-anti-hiv-drug
#5
S Eswaramma, K S V Krishna Rao
The present study aims at preparation of dual responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel microbeads from sodium alginate and functionally modified guar gum. Guar gum was modified by graft copolymerization using N-vinylcaprolactam, the maximum % grafting 123.2, obtained at different optimized conditions. The graft copolymer was blended with sodium alginate to form hydrogel microbeads by emulsion crosslinking method using glutaraldehyde as crosslinker. Zidovudine, an anti-HIV drug was encapsulated with 68% encapsulation efficiency...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819518/x-ray-induced-mutation-of-bacillus-sp-mr10-for-manno-oligosaccharides-production-from-copra-meal
#6
Siriporn Chaikaew, Apinun Kanpiengjai, Jenjira Intatep, Kridsada Unban, Goro Takata, Chartchai Khanongnuch
The present study demonstrates the effectiveness of x-ray radiation in strain improvement for defective lipase production by Bacillus sp. MR10 for further application in the fermentative production of manno-oligosaccharides (MOS) from agricultural by-product, defatted copra meal (DCM). The mutants obtained were screened based on their defective lipase activity together with their β-mannanase production performance. Among ten selected mutants, the strain M7 was the highest promising mutant regarding the smallest lipase activity (0...
November 7, 2016: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819289/silver-nanoparticles-containing-dual-function-hydrogels-based-on-a-guar-gum-sodium-borohydride-system
#7
Lei Dai, Ben Nadeau, Xingye An, Dong Cheng, Zhu Long, Yonghao Ni
Dual-function hydrogels, possessing both stimuli-responsive and self-healing properties, have recently attracted attention of both chemists and materials scientists. Here we report a new paradigm using natural polymer (guar gum, GG) and sodium borohydride (NaBH4), for the preparation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-containing smart hydrogels in a simple, fast and economical way. NaBH4 performs as a reducing agent for AgNPs synthesis using silver nitrate (AgNO3) as the precursor. Meanwhile, sodium metaborate (NaBO2) (from NaBH4) behaves as a cross-linking agent between GG molecular chains...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818862/kinetic-study-of-a-%C3%AE-mannanase-from-the-bacillus-licheniformis-hdym-04-and-its-decolorization-ability-of-twenty-two-structurally-different-dyes
#8
Jingping Ge, Renpeng Du, Dan Zhao, Gang Song, Man Jin, Wenxiang Ping
BACKGROUND: The microbial β-mannanases have been increasingly exploited for bioconversion of biomass materials and various potential industrial applications, such as bleaching of softwood pulps, scouring and desizing, food and feed additive, and oil and textile industries. In this paper, a β-mannanase was characterization from the bacteria, Bacillus licheniformis HDYM-04, which was a high β-mannanase-producing strain (576.16 ± 2.12 U/mL at 48 h during fermentation). METHODS: The michaelis constant (Km ) and maximum velocity (Vmax ) of β-mannanase were determined...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790653/guar-gum-as-a-novel-binder-for-sulfur-composite-cathodes-in-rechargeable-lithium-batteries
#9
Qinyu Li, Huijun Yang, Lisheng Xie, Jun Yang, Yanna Nuli, Jiulin Wang
Due to their high theoretical energy densities, lithium sulfur (Li-S) batteries are currently some of the most extensively investigated electrochemical power sources. As a sustainable and environmentally friendly biopolymer, guar gum (GG) is chosen as a binder for use in Li-S batteries for the first time. The results show that GG is a promising binder for sulfur composite cathode materials, and exhibits excellent cycling performance and a favorable high rate capability.
October 28, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773606/engineering-a-family-27-carbohydrate-binding-module-into-an-aspergillus-usamii-%C3%AE-mannanase-to-perfect-its-enzymatic-properties
#10
Jianfang Li, Chunjuan Wang, Die Hu, Fengjiao Yuan, Xueqing Li, Shihan Tang, Minchen Wu
A family 27 carbohydrate-binding module of a Thermotoga maritima β-mannanase (TmCBM27) was chosen from the carbohydrate-active enzyme database by computer-aided design, possessing the lowest binding free energy with mannopentaose. To improve the enzymatic properties of a glycoside hydrolase family 5 β-mannanase from Aspergillus usamii (AuMan5A), two fusion β-mannanases, AuMan5A-F-M and AuMan5A-R-M, were designed by fusing a TmCBM27 into its C-terminus linked with a flexible peptide F (GGGGS)3 and rigid peptide R (EAAAK)3...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714555/biocatalytic-characterization-of-an-endo-%C3%AE-1-4-mannanase-produced-by-paenibacillus-sp-strain-hy-8
#11
Do Young Kim, Chung Wook Chung, Han-Young Cho, Young Ha Rhee, Dong-Ha Shin, Kwang-Hee Son, Ho-Yong Park
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the biocatalytic characteristics of a new endo-β-1,4-D-mannan-degrading enzyme (ManP) from Paenibacillus sp. strain HY-8, a gut bacterium of the longicorn beetle Moechotypa diphysis. RESULTS: Purified ManP (32 kDa) with an N-terminal amino acid sequence of APSFAVGADFSYVPG displayed the greatest degree of biocatalytic activity toward locust bean gum (LBG) at 55 °C and pH 7.0. The enzyme degraded LBG, guar gum, ivory nut mannan, and mannooligosaccharides (M2-M5), but did not exhibit any hydrolytic activity against structurally unrelated substrates...
October 6, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706095/soluble-fiber-with-high-water-binding-capacity-swelling-capacity-and-fermentability-reduces-food-intake-by-promoting-satiety-rather-than-satiation-in-rats
#12
Chengquan Tan, Hongkui Wei, Xichen Zhao, Chuanhui Xu, Yuanfei Zhou, Jian Peng
To understand whether soluble fiber (SF) with high water-binding capacity (WBC), swelling capacity (SC) and fermentability reduces food intake and whether it does so by promoting satiety or satiation or both, we investigated the effects of different SFs with these properties on the food intake in rats. Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to four equal groups and fed the control diet or diet containing 2% konjac flour (KF), pregelatinized waxy maize starch (PWMS) plus guar gum (PG), and PWMS starch plus xanthan gum (PX) for three weeks, with the measured values of SF, WBC, and SC in the four diets following the order of PG > KF > PX > control...
October 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669375/designing-a-clean-label-sponge-cake-with-reduced-fat-content
#13
Cristina Eslava-Zomeño, Amparo Quiles, Isabel Hernando
The fat in a sponge cake formulation was partially replaced (0%, 30%, 50%, and 70%) with OptiSol™5300.This natural functional ingredient derived from flax seeds, rich in fiber and alpha-linoleic acid, provides a natural substitute for guar and xanthan gums, avoiding E-numbers on labels. The structure and some physicochemical properties of the formulations were examined, sensory analysis was conducted and changes in starch digestibility due to adding this ingredient were determined. Increasing quantities of OptiSol™5300 gave harder cakes, with less weight loss during baking, without affecting the final cake height...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664852/physico-chemical-characteristics-and-primary-structure-of-an-affinity-purified-%C3%AE-d-galactose-specific-jacalin-related-lectin-from-the-latex-of-mulberry-morus-indica
#14
Debparna Datta, Gottfried Pohlentz, Mona Schulte, Mathias Kaiser, Francisco M Goycoolea, Johannes Müthing, Michael Mormann, Musti J Swamy
An α-D-galactose specific lectin belonging to the family of jacalin-related lectins (JRL) has been purified by affinity chromatography on cross-linked guar-gum. Mass spectrometric data revealed that the protein harbors two chains like all the members of galactose-specific jacalin-related lectins (gJRL). De novo sequencing of proteolytic peptides demonstrated that the heavier chain consists of 133 amino acids and the lighter chain comprises of 21 or 24 amino acids. The heavier chain contains one N-glycosylation site (Asn47) occupied with either pauci-mannose type [GlcNAc2(Fuc)Man3(Xyl)] or complex type [GlcNAc2(Fuc)Man3(Xyl)GlcNAc(Fuc)Gal] N-glycans...
November 1, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663206/antiobesity-and-antihyperglycaemic-effects-of-adiantum-capillus-veneris-extracts-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations
#15
Violet Kasabri, Entisar K Al-Hallaq, Yasser K Bustanji, Khalid K Abdul-Razzak, Ismail F Abaza, Fatma U Afifi
CONTEXT: Adiantum capillus-veneris L. (Adiantaceae) hypocholesterolemic activity is therapeutically praised. OBJECTIVES: Pharmacological modulation of pancreatic triacylglycerol lipase (PL) and α-amylase/α-glucosidase by A. capillus-veneris are evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using positive controls (acarbose, orlistat, guar gum, atorvastatin, glipizide and metformin) as appropriate, crude aqueous extracts (AEs) of A. capillus-veneris aerial parts were tested via a combination of in vitro enzymatic (0...
September 23, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610149/development-of-ph-sensitive-nanoparticles-for-intestinal-drug-delivery-using-chemically-modified-guar-gum-co-polymer
#16
Vegesna Naga Sravan Kumar Varma, Hosakote Gurumalappa Shivakumar, Veerna Balamuralidhara, Manne Navya, Umme Hani
The aim of the research work was to chemically modify guargum (GG) as a pH sensitive co-polymer and formulating intestinal targeting ESO nanoparticles (NPs) using the synthesized co-polymer. Poly acrylamide-grafted-guar gum (PAAm-g-GG) co-polymer was synthesized by free radical polymerization. Chemical modification of PAAm-g-GG by alkaline hydrolysis results in formation of a pH-sensitive co-polymer. The effect of GG and acryl amide (AAm) on grafting was studied. Esomeprazole magnesium (ESO) loaded pH sensitive NPs were prepared by nano-emulsification polymer crosslinking method and characterized...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610145/development-of-a-curcumin-bioadhesive-monolithic-tablet-for-treatment-of-vaginal-candidiasis
#17
Umme Hani, H G Shivakumar, Riyaz Ali M Osmani, Atul Srivastava, Naga Sravan Kumar Varma
The present investigation was designed to formulate a natural tablet for the treatment of vaginal candidiasis in order to eliminate side effects that are caused by existing antifungal drugs. Curcumin has promising antifungal activity in comparison with the existing azole antifungal drugs. Bioadhesive curcumin vaginal tablets were prepared by direct compression with different ratios of biadhesive polymers like xanthan gum, guar gum and HPMC. Curcumin tablets were characterized by studies of friability, hardness, hydration, DSC, mucoadhesion, In-vitro release and antifungal activity...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608547/effect-of-guar-and-xanthan-gums-on-functional-properties-of-mango-mangifera-indica-kernel-starch
#18
Anjum Nawab, Feroz Alam, Muhammad Abdul Haq, Abid Hasnain
The effects of different concentrations of guar and xanthan gums on functional properties of mango kernel starch (MKS) were studied. Both guar and xanthan gum enhanced the water absorption of MKS. The addition of xanthan gum appeared to reduce the SP (swelling power) and solubility at higher temperatures while guar gum significantly enhanced the SP as well as solubility of MKS. The addition of both gums produced a reinforcing effect on peak viscosity of MKS as compared to control. Pasting temperature of MKS was higher than that of starch modified by gums indicating ease of gelatinization...
September 5, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605405/dietary-fermentable-fiber-reduces-intestinal-barrier-defects-and-inflammation-in-colitic-mice
#19
Tran Van Hung, Takuya Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Dietary fiber (DF) and its fermentation metabolites play an important role in establishing and maintaining intestinal health. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of fermentable DF, guar gum (GG), and partially hydrolyzed GG (PHGG) on the epithelial tight junction (TJ) barrier and inflammation in a murine model of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. METHODS: In Expt. 1, male, 7-wk-old BALB/c mice weighing ∼21 g were fed diets with 0%, 5%, and 10% GG for 12 d and administered distilled water with 2% DSS for 7 d beginning 5 d after the start of feeding...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604176/partially-hydrolysed-guar-gum-ameliorates-murine-intestinal-inflammation-in-association-with-modulating-luminal-microbiota-and-scfa
#20
Tomohisa Takagi, Yuji Naito, Yasuki Higashimura, Chihiro Ushiroda, Katsura Mizushima, Yuji Ohashi, Zenta Yasukawa, Makoto Ozeki, Makoto Tokunaga, Tsutomu Okubo, Kazuhiro Katada, Kazuhiro Kamada, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Osamu Handa, Yoshito Itoh, Toshikazu Yoshikawa
Partially hydrolysed guar gum (PHGG), a water-soluble dietary fibre produced by the controlled partial enzymatic hydrolysis of guar gum beans, has various physiological roles. This study aimed to elucidate the beneficial effects of PHGG on colonic mucosal damage in a murine 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis model. Acute colitis was induced in male C57BL/6 mice with TNBS after 2 weeks of pre-feeding with PHGG (5 %). The colonic mucosal inflammation was evaluated using macroscopic damage scores, and neutrophil infiltration was assessed by measuring tissue-associated myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in the colonic mucosa...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
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