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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650429/acetate-mediated-novel-survival-strategy-against-drought-in-plants
#1
Jong-Myong Kim, Taiko Kim To, Akihiro Matsui, Keitaro Tanoi, Natsuko I Kobayashi, Fumio Matsuda, Yoshiki Habu, Daisuke Ogawa, Takuya Sakamoto, Sachihiro Matsunaga, Khurram Bashir, Sultana Rasheed, Marina Ando, Hiroko Takeda, Kanako Kawaura, Miyako Kusano, Atsushi Fukushima, Takaho A Endo, Takashi Kuromori, Junko Ishida, Taeko Morosawa, Maho Tanaka, Chieko Torii, Yumiko Takebayashi, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Yasunari Ogihara, Kazuki Saito, Kazuo Shinozaki, Alessandra Devoto, Motoaki Seki
Water deficit caused by global climate changes seriously endangers the survival of organisms and crop productivity, and increases environmental deterioration(1,2). Plants' resistance to drought involves global reprogramming of transcription, cellular metabolism, hormone signalling and chromatin modification(3-8). However, how these regulatory responses are coordinated via the various pathways, and the underlying mechanisms, are largely unknown. Herein, we report an essential drought-responsive network in which plants trigger a dynamic metabolic flux conversion from glycolysis into acetate synthesis to stimulate the jasmonate (JA) signalling pathway to confer drought tolerance...
June 26, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647884/fluoxetine-induces-apoptosis-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-via-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-activation-and-histone-hyperacetylation-in-sk-n-be-2-m17-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#2
Ji Hyun Choi, Yeon Ju Jeong, Ah-Ran Yu, Kyung-Sik Yoon, Wonchae Choe, Joohun Ha, Sung Soo Kim, Eui-Ju Yeo, Insug Kang
Fluoxetine (FLX) is an antidepressant drug that belongs to the class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. FLX is known to induce apoptosis in multiple types of cancer cells. In this study, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-cancer effects of FLX were investigated in SK-N-BE(2)-M17 human neuroblastoma cells. FLX induced apoptotic cell death, activation of caspase-4, -9, and -3, and expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated proteins, including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP)...
June 24, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644004/the-intricate-effects-of-alpha-amino-and-lysine-modifications-on-arginine-methylation-on-the-n-terminal-tail-of-histone-h4
#3
Melody D Fulton, Jing Zhang, Maomao He, Meng-Chiao Ho, Y George Zheng
Chemical modifications on the DNA and nucleosomal histones tightly control the gene transcription program in eukaryotic cells. The "histone code" hypothesis proposes that the frequency, combination, and location of post-translational modifications (PTMs) on the core histones compose a complex network of epigenetic regulation. Currently, there are at least 23 different types and over 450 histone PTMs discovered, and the PTMs on lysine and arginine residues account for a crucial part of the histone code. Although significant progress has been achieved in recent years, the molecular basis for the histone code is far from being fully understood...
June 23, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641467/green-tea-polyphenol-egcg-causes-anti-cancerous-epigenetic-modulations-in-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cells
#4
Veronika Borutinskaitė, Aida Virkšaitė, Giedrė Gudelytė, Rūta Navakauskienė
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been shown to possess diverse anti-cancerous properties. We demonstrated EGCG ability to inhibit acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell proliferation and cause apoptosis. In addition, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis revealed elevated expression of genes associated with cell cycle arrest and differentiation (p27, PCAF, C/EBPα, and C/EBPɛ). Furthermore, EGCG caused anti-cancerous epigenetic changes: downregulation of epigenetic modifiers DNMT1, HDAC1, HDAC2, and G9a was observed by RT-qPCR analysis...
June 22, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630953/distribution-of-acetylated-histone-4-in-normal-liver-and-acetaminophen-induced-liver-damage
#5
N Nakamura, Chang C-W, X Yang, Q Shi, W F Salminen, A Suzuki
To describe cell-specific acetylation of histones and their zonal localization in normal mouse liver and characterize their changes in acetaminophen (APAP)-damaged mouse liver 24 hr after APAP exposure, we performed an immunohistochemical study using normal and APAP-injured mouse livers. Cell-specific expression of acetylated H4 was observed in normal mouse liver. The highest acetylated H4 expression levels were found in bile duct epithelial cells, followed by sinusoidal non-parenchymal cells, venous endothelial cells, and hepatocytes...
2017: SM J Biol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630893/a-d53-repression-motif-induces-oligomerization-of-topless-corepressors-and-promotes-assembly-of-a-corepressor-nucleosome-complex
#6
Honglei Ma, Jingbo Duan, Jiyuan Ke, Yuanzheng He, Xin Gu, Ting-Hai Xu, Hong Yu, Yonghong Wang, Joseph S Brunzelle, Yi Jiang, Scott B Rothbart, H Eric Xu, Jiayang Li, Karsten Melcher
TOPLESS are tetrameric plant corepressors of the conserved Tup1/Groucho/TLE (transducin-like enhancer of split) family. We show that they interact through their TOPLESS domains (TPDs) with two functionally important ethylene response factor-associated amphiphilic repression (EAR) motifs of the rice strigolactone signaling repressor D53: the universally conserved EAR-3 and the monocot-specific EAR-2. We present the crystal structure of the monocot-specific EAR-2 peptide in complex with the TOPLESS-related protein 2 (TPR2) TPD, in which the EAR-2 motif binds the same TPD groove as jasmonate and auxin signaling repressors but makes additional contacts with a second TPD site to mediate TPD tetramer-tetramer interaction...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630232/long-noncoding-rna-h19-promotes-neuroinflammation-in-ischemic-stroke-by-driving-histone-deacetylase-1-dependent-m1-microglial-polarization
#7
Jue Wang, Haiping Zhao, Zhibin Fan, Guangwen Li, Qingfeng Ma, Zhen Tao, Rongliang Wang, Juan Feng, Yumin Luo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long noncoding RNA H19 is repressed after birth, but can be induced by hypoxia. We aim to investigate the impact on and underlying mechanism of H19 induction after ischemic stroke. METHODS: Circulating H19 levels in stroke patients and mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion were assessed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. H19 siRNA and histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) plasmid were used to knock down H19 and overexpress HDAC1, respectively...
June 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625518/histone-chaperone-asf1a-predicts-poor-outcomes-for-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer-and-drives-cancer-progression-by-stimulating-transcription-of-%C3%AE-catenin-target-genes
#8
Xiuming Liang, Xiaotian Yuan, Jingya Yu, Yujiao Wu, Kailin Li, Chao Sun, Shuyan Li, Li Shen, Feng Kong, Jihui Jia, Magnus Björkholm, Dawei Xu
Epigenetic mechanisms play a key role in gastrointestinal cancer (GIC) development and progression, and most studies have been focused on aberrant DNA methylation and histone modifying enzymes. However, the histone H3-H4 chaperone ASF1A is an important factor regulating chromatin assembling and gene transcription, while it is currently unclear whether ASF1A is involved in cancer pathogenesis. The present study is thus designed to address this issue. Here we showed that ASF1A expression was widespread in GIC-derived cell lines and up-regulated in primary GIC...
June 8, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615712/cell-specific-expression-of-aquaporin-5-aqp5-in-alveolar-epithelium-is-directed-by-gata6-sp1-via-histone-acetylation
#9
Per Flodby, Changgong Li, Yixin Liu, Hongjun Wang, Megan E Rieger, Parviz Minoo, Edward D Crandall, David K Ann, Zea Borok, Beiyun Zhou
Epigenetic regulation of differentiation-related genes is poorly understood. We previously reported that transcription factors GATA6 and Sp1 interact with and activate the rat proximal 358-bp promoter/enhancer (p358P/E) of lung alveolar epithelial type I (AT1) cell-specific gene aquaporin-5 (Aqp5). In this study, we found that histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) increased AQP5 expression and Sp1-mediated transcription of p358P/E. HDAC3 overexpression inhibited Sp1-mediated Aqp5 activation, while HDAC3 knockdown augmented AQP5 protein expression...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614057/dual-effects-of-constitutively-active-androgen-receptor-and-full-length-androgen-receptor-for-n-cadherin-regulation-in-prostate-cancer
#10
Félicie Cottard, Pauline Ould Madi-Berthélémy, Eva Erdmann, Frédérique Schaff-Wendling, Céline Keime, Tao Ye, Jean-Emmanuel Kurtz, Jocelyn Céraline
Constitutively active androgen receptor (AR) variants have been involved in the expression of mesenchymal markers such as N-cadherin in prostate cancer (PCa). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. It remains unclear, whether N-cadherin gene (CDH2) is a direct transcriptional target of AR variants or whether the observed upregulation is due to indirect effects through additional regulatory factors. Moreover, the specific contribution of full-length AR and AR variants in N-cadherin regulation in PCa has never been explored deeply...
May 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609657/ack1-tnk2-regulates-histone-h4-tyr88-phosphorylation-and-ar-gene-expression-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#11
Kiran Mahajan, Pavani Malla, Harshani R Lawrence, Zhihua Chen, Chandan Kumar-Sinha, Rohit Malik, Sudhanshu Shukla, Jongphil Kim, Domenico Coppola, Nicholas J Lawrence, Nupam P Mahajan
The androgen receptor (AR) is critical for the progression of prostate cancer to a castration-resistant (CRPC) state. AR antagonists are ineffective due to their inability to repress the expression of AR or its splice variant, AR-V7. Here, we report that the tyrosine kinase ACK1 (TNK2) phosphorylates histone H4 at tyrosine 88 upstream of the AR transcription start site. The WDR5/MLL2 complex reads the H4-Y88-phosphorylation marks and deposits the transcriptionally activating H3K4-trimethyl marks promoting AR transcription...
June 12, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604691/ino80-exchanges-h2a-z-for-h2a-by-translocating-on-dna-proximal-to-histone-dimers
#12
Sandipan Brahma, Maheshi I Udugama, Jongseong Kim, Arjan Hada, Saurabh K Bhardwaj, Solomon G Hailu, Tae-Hee Lee, Blaine Bartholomew
ATP-dependent chromatin remodellers modulate nucleosome dynamics by mobilizing or disassembling nucleosomes, as well as altering nucleosome composition. These chromatin remodellers generally function by translocating along nucleosomal DNA at the H3-H4 interface of nucleosomes. Here we show that, unlike other remodellers, INO80 translocates along DNA at the H2A-H2B interface of nucleosomes and persistently displaces DNA from the surface of H2A-H2B. DNA translocation and DNA torsional strain created near the entry site of nucleosomes by INO80 promotes both the mobilization of nucleosomes and the selective exchange of H2A...
June 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596772/epigenetic-regulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-1-and-3-expression-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#13
Rachel C Moores, Sara Brilha, Frans Schutgens, Paul T Elkington, Jon S Friedland
In pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), the inflammatory immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is associated with tissue destruction and cavitation, which drives disease transmission, chronic lung disease, and mortality. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 is a host enzyme critical for the development of cavitation. MMP expression has been shown to be epigenetically regulated in other inflammatory diseases, but the importance of such mechanisms in Mtb-associated induction of MMP-1 is unknown. We investigated the role of changes in histone acetylation in Mtb-induced MMP expression using inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) and histone acetyltransferases (HAT), HDAC siRNA, promoter-reporter constructs, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596587/histones-h3-and-h4-require-their-relevant-amino-tails-for-efficient-nuclear-import-and-replication-coupled-chromatin-assembly-in-vivo
#14
Aïda Ejlassi, Vanessa Menil-Philippot, Angélique Galvani, Christophe Thiriet
Concomitant chromatin assembly and DNA duplication is essential for cell survival and genome integrity, and requires newly synthesized histones. Although the N-terminal domains of newly synthesized H3 and H4 present critical functions, their requirement for replication-coupled chromatin assembly is controversial. Using the unique capability of the spontaneous internalization of exogenous proteins in Physarum, we showed that H3 and H4 N-tails present critical functions in nuclear import during the S-phase, but are dispensable for assembly into nucleosomes...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590037/epigenetic-effects-of-an-adenosine-derivative-in-a-wistar-rat-model-of-liver-cirrhosis
#15
Jesús Rafael Rodríguez-Aguilera, Carlos Guerrero-Hernández, Rosario Pérez-Molina, Carla Elizabeth Cadena-Del-Castillo, Rebeca Pérez-Cabeza de Vaca, Nuria Guerrero-Celis, Mariana Domínguez-López, Adrián Rafael Murillo-de-Ozores, Rodrigo Arzate-Mejía, Félix Recillas-Targa, Victoria Chagoya de Sánchez
The pathological characteristic of cirrhosis is scarring which results in a structurally distorted and dysfunctional liver. Previously, we demonstrated that Col1a1 and Pparg genes are deregulated in CCl4 -induced cirrhosis but their normal expression levels are recovered upon treatment with IFC-305, an adenosine derivative. We observed that adenosine was able to modulate S-adenosylmethionine-dependent trans-methylation reactions, and recently, we found that IFC-305 modulates HDAC3 expression. Here, we investigated whether epigenetic mechanisms, involving DNA methylation processes and histone acetylation, could explain the re-establishment of gene expression mediated by IFC-305 in cirrhosis...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585918/crosstalk-within-a-functional-ino80-complex-dimer-regulates-nucleosome-sliding
#16
Oliver Willhoft, Elizabeth A McCormack, Ricardo J Aramayo, Rohan Bythell-Douglas, Lorraine Ocloo, Xiaodong Zhang, Dale B Wigley
Several chromatin remodellers have the ability to space nucleosomes on DNA. For ISWI remodellers, this involves an interplay between H4 histone tails, the AutoN and NegC motifs of the motor domains that together regulate ATPase activity and sense the length of DNA flanking the nucleosome. By contrast, the INO80 complex also spaces nucleosomes but is not regulated by H4 tails and lacks the AutoN and NegC motifs. Instead nucleosome sliding requires cooperativity between two INO80 complexes that monitor DNA length simultaneously on either side of the nucleosome during sliding...
June 6, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576709/rescue-of-altered-hdac-activity-recovers-behavioural-abnormalities-in-a-mouse-model-of-angelman-syndrome
#17
Imran Jamal, Vipendra Kumar, Naman Vatsa, Shashi Shekhar, Brijesh Kumar Singh, Ankit Sharma, Nihar Ranjan Jana
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe intellectual and developmental disabilities. The disease is caused by the loss of function of maternally inherited UBE3A, a gene that exhibits paternal-specific imprinting in neuronal tissues. Ube3a-maternal deficient mice (AS mice) display many classical features of AS, although, the underlying mechanism of these behavioural deficits is poorly understood. Here we report that the absence of Ube3a in AS mice brain caused aberrant increase in HDAC1/2 along with decreased acetylation of histone H3/H4...
May 30, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575656/histone-mutants-separate-r-loop-formation-from-genome-instability-induction
#18
Desiré García-Pichardo, Juan C Cañas, María L García-Rubio, Belén Gómez-González, Ana G Rondón, Andrés Aguilera
R loops have positive physiological roles, but they can also be deleterious by causing genome instability, and the mechanisms for this are unknown. Here we identified yeast histone H3 and H4 mutations that facilitate R loops but do not cause instability. R loops containing single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), versus RNA-DNA hybrids alone, were demonstrated using ssDNA-specific human AID and bisulfite. Notably, they are similar size regardless of whether or not they induce genome instability. Contrary to mutants causing R loop-mediated instability, these histone mutants do not accumulate H3 serine-10 phosphate (H3S10-P)...
June 1, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575439/mediator-binds-to-boundaries-of-chromosomal-interaction-domains-and-to-proteins-involved-in-dna-looping-rna-metabolism-chromatin-remodeling-and-actin-assembly
#19
Razvan V Chereji, Vasudha Bharatula, Nils Elfving, Jeanette Blomberg, Miriam Larsson, Alexandre V Morozov, James R Broach, Stefan Björklund
Mediator is a multi-unit molecular complex that plays a key role in transferring signals from transcriptional regulators to RNA polymerase II in eukaryotes. We have combined biochemical purification of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mediator from chromatin with chromatin immunoprecipitation in order to reveal Mediator occupancy on DNA genome-wide, and to identify proteins interacting specifically with Mediator on the chromatin template. Tandem mass spectrometry of proteins in immunoprecipitates of mediator complexes revealed specific interactions between Mediator and the RSC, Arp2/Arp3, CPF, CF 1A and Lsm complexes in chromatin...
May 30, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572913/hdac9-is-an-epigenetic-repressor-of-kidney-angiotensinogen-establishing-a-sex-difference
#20
Camille T Bourgeois, Ryousuke Satou, Minolfa C Prieto
BACKGROUND: Sexual difference has been shown in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease induced by hypertension. Females are protected from hypertension and related end-organ damage. Augmentation of renal proximal tubular angiotensinogen (AGT) expression can promote intrarenal angiotensin formation and the development of associated hypertension and kidney injury. Female rodents exhibit lower intrarenal AGT levels than males under normal conditions, suggesting that the suppressed intrarenal AGT production by programmed mechanisms in females may provide protection from these diseases...
2017: Biology of Sex Differences
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