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Histone H3.3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138512/proteome-wide-identification-of-lysine-2-hydroxyisobutyrylation-reveals-conserved-and-novel-histone-modifications-in-physcomitrella-patens
#1
Zhiming Yu, Jun Ni, Wei Sheng, Zhikun Wang, Yuhuan Wu
Protein lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib) is a newly identified post-translational modification found in animal and yeast cells. Previous research suggested that histone Khib is involved in male cell differentiation and plays a critical role in the regulation of chromatin functions in animals. However, information regarding protein Khib in plants is still limited. In this study, using a specific antibody and LC-MS/MS methods, we identified 11,976 Khib sites in 3,001 proteins in Physcomitrella patens. The bioinformatics analysis indicated that these Khib-modified proteins were involved in a wide range of molecular functions and cellular processes, and showed diverse subcellular localizations...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136592/human-sirtuin-3-sirt3-deacetylates-histone-h3-lysine-56-to-promote-nonhomologous-end-joining-repair
#2
Amrita Sengupta, Devyani Haldar
Human sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a conserved NAD(+) dependent deacetylase, which functions in important cellular processes including transcription, metabolism, oxidative stress response. It is a robust mitochondrial deacetylase; however, few studies have indicated its nuclear functions. Here we report interaction of SIRT3 with core histones and identified acetylated histone H3 lysine 56 (H3K56ac) as its novel substrate, in addition to known substrates acetylated H4K16 and H3K9. Further, we showed in response to DNA damage SIRT3 localizes to the repair foci colocalizing with γH2AX and nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) marker p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1)...
November 8, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133298/functional-redundancy-of-variant-and-canonical-histone-h3-lysine-9-modification-in-drosophila
#3
Taylor J R Penke, Daniel J McKay, Brian D Strahl, A Gregory Matera, Robert J Duronio
Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) and differential incorporation of variant and canonical histones into chromatin are central modes of epigenetic regulation. Despite similar protein sequences, histone variants are enriched for different suites of PTMs compared to their canonical counterparts. For example, variant histone H3.3 occurs primarily in transcribed regions and is enriched for "active" histone PTMs like Lys9 acetylation (H3.3K9ac), whereas the canonical histone H3 is enriched for Lys9 methylation (H3K9me), which is found in transcriptionally silent heterochromatin...
November 13, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126418/an-image-cytometric-technique-is-a-concise-method-to-detect-adenoviruses-and-host-cell-proteins-and-to-monitor-the-infection-and-cellular-responses-induced
#4
Takao Morinaga, Thảo Thi Thanh Nguyễn, Boya Zhong, Michiko Hanazono, Masato Shingyoji, Ikuo Sekine, Yuji Tada, Koichiro Tatsumi, Hideaki Shimada, Kenzo Hiroshima, Masatoshi Tagawa
BACKGROUND: Genetically modified adenoviruses (Ad) with preferential replications in tumor cells have been examined for a possible clinical applicability as an anti-cancer agent. A simple method to detect viral and cellular proteins is valuable to monitor the viral infections and to predict the Ad-mediated cytotoxicity. METHODS: We used type 5 Ad in which the expression of E1A gene was activated by 5'-regulatory sequences of genes that were augmented in the expression in human tumors...
November 10, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113455/hdac1-governs-iron-homeostasis-independent-of-histone-deacetylation-in-iron-overload-murine-models
#5
Xiangju Yin, Qian Wu, Jitender Monga, Enjun Xie, Hao Wang, Shufen Wang, Huizhen Zhang, Zhan-You Wang, Tianhua Zhou, Yunjun Shi, Jack Rogers, Hening Lin, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang
AIMS: Iron overload disorders are common and could lead to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Due to limited treatment options, there is a great need to develop novel strategies to remove the excess body iron. To discover potential epigenetic modulator in hepcidin upregulation and subsequently decreasing iron burden, we performed an epigenetic screen. The in vivo effects of the identified compounds were further tested in iron-overload mouse models, including Hfe-/-, Hjv-/- and hepatocyte-specific Smad4 knockout (Smad4fl/fl;Alb-Cre+) mice...
November 7, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113254/epigenetic-analysis-of-fhl1-tumor-suppressor-gene-in-human-liver-cancer
#6
Jun Wang, Fang Huang, Jian Huang, Jindan Kong, Shenglan Liu, Jun Jin
Liver cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among human malignancies. Four and a half LIM domains 1 (FHL1), as a tumor suppressor gene, is frequently downregulated in multiple types of human cancer. However, the role and specific mechanisms of FHL1 as a tumor suppressor in liver cancer are poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the role and associated mechanisms of FHL1 in human liver cancer. The level of FHL1 mRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue specimens and cell lines derived from the human liver was determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108280/trimethylation-of-h3k27-during-human-cerebellar-development-in-relation-to-medulloblastoma
#7
Shahryar E Mir, Michiel Smits, Dennis Biesmans, Machteld Julsing, Marianna Bugiani, Eleonora Aronica, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Jacqueline Cloos, Thomas Würdinger, Esther Hulleman
Medulloblastoma (MB), the most common malignant childhood brain tumor, encompasses a collection of four clinically and molecularly distinct tumor subgroups, i.e. WNT, SHH, Group 3 and Group 4. These tumors are believed to originate from precursor cells during cerebellar development. Although the exact etiology of these brain tumors is not yet known, histone modifications are increasingly recognized as key events during cerebellum development and MB tumorigenesis. Recent studies show that key components involved in post-translational modifications of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) are commonly deregulated in MB...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108192/-protective-effect-of-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-acy1215-against-brain-edema-in-mice-with-acute-liver-failure
#8
F Z Jiao, H Y Zhang, F Yang, L W Wang, Z J Gong
Objective: To investigate the protective effect of ACY1215 (Rocilinostat), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, against brain edema in mice with acute liver failure. Methods: Lipopolysaccharide combined with D-galactosamine was used to establish a mouse model of acute liver failure, and ACY1215 was used for intervention. The effect of ACY1215 on histopathological changes of the liver was observed after 24 hours, as well as the changes in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood ammonia, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), brain water content, blood-brain barrier structure, NF-κB-p65, histone, acetylated histone, and TNF-α mRNA in brain tissue...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108067/rapid-communication-the-correlation-between-histone-modifications-and-expression-of-key-genes-involved-in-accumulation-of-adipose-tissue-in-the-pig
#9
B Kociucka, J Stachecka, M Szydlowski, I Szczerbal
Histone modification is a well-known epigenetic mechanism involved in regulation of gene expression; however, it has been poorly studied in adipose tissues of the pig. Understanding the molecular background of adipose tissue development and function is essential for improving production efficiency and meat quality. The objective of this study was to identify the association between histone modification and the transcript level of genes important for lipid droplet formation and metabolism. Histone modifications at the promoter regions of 6 genes (, , , , , and ) were analyzed using a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107533/h3-3-k27m-cooperates-with-trp53-loss-and-pdgfra-gain-in-mouse-embryonic-neural-progenitor-cells-to-induce-invasive-high-grade-gliomas
#10
Manav Pathania, Nicolas De Jay, Nicola Maestro, Ashot S Harutyunyan, Justyna Nitarska, Pirasteh Pahlavan, Stephen Henderson, Leonie G Mikael, Angela Richard-Londt, Ying Zhang, Joana R Costa, Steven Hébert, Sima Khazaei, Nisreen Samir Ibrahim, Javier Herrero, Antonella Riccio, Steffen Albrecht, Robin Ketteler, Sebastian Brandner, Claudia L Kleinman, Nada Jabado, Paolo Salomoni
Gain-of-function mutations in histone 3 (H3) variants are found in a substantial proportion of pediatric high-grade gliomas (pHGG), often in association with TP53 loss and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) amplification. Here, we describe a somatic mouse model wherein H3.3(K27M) and Trp53 loss alone are sufficient for neoplastic transformation if introduced in utero. H3.3(K27M)-driven lesions are clonal, H3K27me3 depleted, Olig2 positive, highly proliferative, and diffusely spreading, thus recapitulating hallmark molecular and histopathological features of pHGG...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106658/investigating-the-generalizability-of-the-multiflow%C3%A2-dna-damage-assay-and-several-companion-machine-learning-models-with-a-set-of-103-diverse-test-chemicals
#11
Steven M Bryce, Derek T Bernacki, Stephanie L Smith-Roe, Kristine L Witt, Jeffrey C Bemis, Stephen D Dertinger
The in vitro MultiFlow® DNA Damage assay multiplexes p53, γH2AX, phospho-histone H3, and polyploidization biomarkers into one flow cytometric analysis (Bryce et al., 2016). The work reported herein evaluated the generalizability of the method, as well as several data analytics strategies, to a range of chemical classes not studied previously. TK6 cells were exposed to each of 103 diverse chemicals, 86 of which were supplied by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) and selected based upon responses in genetic damage assays conducted under the Tox21 program...
November 2, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106411/extrachromosomal-telomere-repeat-dna-is-linked-to-alt-development-via-cgas-sting-dna-sensing-pathway
#12
Yi-An Chen, Yi-Ling Shen, Hsuan-Yu Hsia, Yee-Peng Tiang, Tzu-Ling Sung, Liuh-Yow Chen
Extrachromosomal telomere repeat (ECTR) DNA is unique to cancer cells that maintain telomeres through the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathway, but the role of ECTRs in ALT development remains elusive. We found that induction of ECTRs in normal human fibroblasts activated the cGAS-STING-TBK1-IRF3 signaling axis to trigger IFNβ production and a type I interferon response, resulting in cell-proliferation defects. In contrast, ALT cancer cells are commonly defective in sensing cytosolic DNA. We found that STING expression was inhibited in ALT cancer cell lines and transformed ALT cells...
November 6, 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104538/chronic-treatment-with-fluoxetine-induces-sex-dependent-analgesic-effects-and-modulates-hdac2-and-mglu2-expression-in-female-mice
#13
Magda Zammataro, Sara Merlo, Massimo Barresi, Carmela Parenti, Huijuan Hu, Maria A Sortino, Santina Chiechio
Gender and sex differences in pain recognition and drug responses have been reported in clinical trials and experimental models of pain. Among antidepressants, contradictory results have been observed in patients treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). This study evaluated sex differences in response to the SSRI fluoxetine after chronic administration in the mouse formalin test. Adult male and female CD1 mice were intraperitoneally injected with fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) for 21 days and subjected to pain assessment...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097846/effects-of-cadmium-exposure-on-iberian-ribbed-newt-pleurodeles-waltl-testes
#14
Ayano Hirako, Yuki Takeoka, Toshinori Hayashi, Takashi Takeuchi, Satoshi Furukawa, Akihiko Sugiyama
To characterize the histomorphologic effects of cadmium on adult newt testes, male Iberian ribbed newts (6 months post-hatching) were intraperitoneally exposed to a single dose of 50 mg/kg of cadmium, with histologic analysis of the testes at 24, 48, 72, and 96 h. Beginning 24 h after cadmium exposure, apoptosis of spermatogonia and spermatocytes was observed, and congestion was observed in the interstitial vessels of the testes. Throughout the experimental period, the rates of pyknotic cells and TUNEL and cleaved caspase-3 positivity were significantly higher in the spermatogonia and spermatocytes of cadmium-treated newts compared with control newts...
October 2017: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097838/effects-of-methotrexate-exposure-on-medaka-oryzias-latipes-testes
#15
Ayano Hirako, Yuki Takeoka, Satoshi Furukawa, Akihiko Sugiyama
For the purpose of clarifying the histopathological effects of methotrexate (MTX) on medaka testes, wild-type and homogenic p53-deficient male medaka at 4 to 6 months post-hatching were exposed to 0.25 mg/ml of MTX for 96 h with histopathological examination of testes at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. At 72 and 96 h after the start of MTX exposure, numerous apoptotic cells were observed in the spermatogonia and spermatocytes, and the pyknotic cell rate and the TUNEL-positive and cleaved caspase-3-positive rates in the spermatogonia and spermatocytes of MTX-treated wild type medaka were higher compared with those in the control wild-type medaka...
October 2017: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093798/chromosomal-organization-of-four-classes-of-repetitive-dna-sequences-in-killifish-orestias-ascotanensis-parenti-1984-cyprinodontiformes-cyprinodontidae
#16
Cristian Araya-Jaime, Natalia Lam, Irma Vila Pinto, Marco A Méndez, Patricia Iturra
Orestias Valenciennes, 1839 is a genus of freshwater fish endemic to the South American Altiplano. Cytogenetic studies of these species have focused on conventional karyotyping. The aim of this study was to use classical and molecular cytogenetic methods to identify the constitutive heterochromatin distribution and chromosome organization of four classes of repetitive DNA sequences (histone H3 DNA, U2 snRNA, 18S rDNA and 5S rDNA) in the chromosomes of O. ascotanensis Parenti, 1984, an endemic species restricted to the Salar de Ascotán in the Chilean Altiplano...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092861/effect-of-dietary-palmitic-and-stearic-acids-on-sucrose-motivation-and-hypothalamic-and-striatal-cell-signals-in-the-rat
#17
Dianne P Figlewicz, Jennifer Jay, Constance H West, Aryana Zavosh, Christiane S Hampe, Jared R Radtke, Murray A Raskind, Elaine R Peskind
e have reported that motivation for sucrose is increased in rats fed a moderate (31%) mixed-fat diet for 4-6 weeks. In this study, rats were fed diets containing 32% stearic (STEAR) or palmitic (PALM) acid, and behavior, metabolic profile, and cell signals were compared with those of rats fed a matched low fat (11% fat [LF]) diet. Rats fed STEAR or PALM increased sucrose motivation relative to LF rats (one-way ANOVA for lever presses, p=.03). Diet did not change fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, triglycerides, intravenous glucose tolerance test glucose profile, percent body fat, or total kcal, although kcal as fat were increased (ANOVA p<0...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082486/cell-based-high-content-analysis-of-cell-proliferation-and-apoptosis
#18
Bhaskar S Mandavilli, Michelle Yan, Scott Clarke
High content imaging-based cell cycle analysis allows multiplexing of various parameters including DNA content, DNA synthesis, cell proliferation, and other cell cycle markers such as phosho-histone H3. 5'-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation is a thymidine analog that provides a sensitive method for the detection of DNA synthesis in proliferating cells that is a more convenient method than the traditional BrdU detection by antibody. Caspase 3 is activated in programmed cell death induced by both intrinsic (mitochondrial) and extrinsic factors (death ligand)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080240/design-synthesis-molecular-modeling-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-amine-based-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors
#19
Pavel A Petukhov, Hazem Abdelkarim, Raghupathi Neelarapu, Antonett Madriaga, Irida Kastrati, Yue-Ting Wang, Aditya S Vaidya, Taha Y Taha, Gregory R J Thatcher, Jonna Frasor
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are promising drug targets for a variety of therapeutic applications. Here we describe the design, synthesis, biological evaluation in cellular models of cancer, and preliminary drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic studies (DMPK) of a series of secondary and tertiary amine-based HDAC inhibitors. Introduction of an amino group with one or two surface binding groups (SBGs) yielded a successful strategy to develop novel and potent HDAC inhibitors. Secondary amines 2 were found to be generally more potent than the corresponding tertiary amines 3...
October 27, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075360/turnover-of-histones-and-histone-variants-in-postnatal-rat-brain-effects-of-alcohol-exposure
#20
Nadia Rachdaoui, Ling Li, Belinda Willard, Takhar Kasumov, Stephen Previs, Dipak Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a significant public health problem and can result in a continuum of adverse outcomes to the fetus known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Subjects with FASD show significant neurological deficits, ranging from microencephaly, neurobehavioral, and mental health problems to poor social adjustment and stress tolerance. Neurons are particularly sensitive to alcohol exposure. The neurotoxic action of alcohol, i.e., through ROS production, induces DNA damage and neuronal cell death by apoptosis...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
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