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Histone H3.3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730681/histone-variants-expression-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Maryam Asadipour, Vahideh Hassan-Zadeh, Naheed Aryaeian, Farhad Shahram, Mahdi Mahmoudi
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the expression of four histone variants, implicated in the regulation of gene expression, in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and healthy controls. METHOD: We analyzed the expression of three genes encoding histone variants H3.3, H2A.Z, macroH2A1.1 and macroH2A1.2 in PBMC samples of 50 patients with RA, diagnosed according to American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, and 51 matched healthy controls using SYBR green real-time polymerase chain reaction...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729704/growth-hormone-reverses-dyslipidemia-in-adult-offspring-after-maternal-undernutrition
#2
Wei-Fen Zhu, Sheng-Jie Tang, Zheng Shen, Ying-Min Wang, Li Liang
The abnormal intrauterine milieu of fetal growth retardation could lead to dyslipidemia in adulthood. Studies have shown that growth hormone (GH) therapy in small for gestational age (SGA) children would be beneficial for metabolic parameters. Here we investigated whether GH treatment introduced at adolescent period in SGA could reverse dyslipidemia during later life. SGA rat model was established by using semi-starvation treatment during the whole pregnancy. SGA or appropriate for gestational age (AGA) offspring were assigned to receive GH or normal saline (NS)...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723630/functional-role-of-setd2-bap1-parp-3-and-pbrm1-candidate-genes-on-the-regulation-of-htert-gene-expression
#3
Hannah Linne, Hemad Yasaei, Alison Marriott, Amanda Harvey, Kefah Mokbel, Robert Newbold, Terry Roberts
Narrowing the search for the critical hTERT repressor sequence(s) has identified three regions on chromosome 3p (3p12-p21.1, 3p21.2 and 3p21.3-p22). However, the precise location and identity of the sequence(s) responsible for hTERT transcriptional repression remains elusive. In order to identify critical hTERT repressor sequences located within human chromosome 3p12-p22, we investigated hTERT transcriptional activity within 21NT microcell hybrid clones containing chromosome 3 fragments. Mapping of chromosome 3 structure in a single hTERT-repressed 21NT-#3fragment hybrid clone, revealed a 490kb region of deletion localised to 3p21...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718400/histone-h3g34r-mutation-causes-replication-stress-homologous-recombination-defects-and-genomic-instability-in-s-pombe
#4
Rajesh K Yadav, Carolyn M Jablonowski, Alfonso G Fernandez, Brandon R Lowe, Ryan A Henry, David Finkelstein, Kevin J Barnum, Alison L Pidoux, Yin-Ming Kuo, Jie Huang, Matthew J O'Connell, Andrew J Andrews, Arzu Onar-Thomas, Robin C Allshire, Janet F Partridge
Recurrent somatic mutations of H3F3A in aggressive pediatric high-grade gliomas generate K27M or G34R/V mutant histone H3.3. H3.3-G34R/V mutants are common in tumors with mutations in p53 and ATRX, an H3.3-specific chromatin remodeler. To gain insight into the role of H3-G34R, we generated fission yeast that express only the mutant histone H3. H3-G34R specifically reduces H3K36 tri-methylation and H3K36 acetylation, and mutants show partial transcriptional overlap with set2 deletions. H3-G34R mutants exhibit genomic instability and increased replication stress, including slowed replication fork restart, although DNA replication checkpoints are functional...
July 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715816/distinct-dynamics-of-mitotic-transition-in-b-cell-lymphoma-and-reactive-b-cell-lymphoproliferations-determined-by-h3s10-phosphohistone-immunolabeling
#5
Gábor Méhes, Katalin Hegyi, Ravi Jobanputra, Lívia Beke, György Vereb, Judit Bedekovics
OBJECTIVES: Clonal selection in the follicular germinal centers in lymphatic tissues is accompanied by an intense proliferation of polyclonal B cells in a precisely regulated fashion. In contrast, B-cell neoplasias proliferate autonomously due to endogenous stimuli. The cell kinetic activity is obvious at many levels including progressive chromatin modification and elevated mitotic rates. We asked if there are differences in the kinetics of histone H3S10 phosphorylation required for mitotic entry between highly proliferating B cells of reactive germinal centers and in B-cell lymphomas with different proliferative capacity...
July 18, 2017: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697848/roles-of-rnase-p-and-its-subunits
#6
REVIEW
Nayef Jarrous
Recent studies show that nuclear RNase P is linked to chromatin structure and function. Thus, variants of this ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex bind to chromatin of small noncoding RNA genes; integrate into initiation complexes of RNA polymerase (Pol) III; repress histone H3.3 nucleosome deposition; control tRNA and PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) gene clusters for genome defense; and respond to Werner syndrome helicase (WRN)-related replication stress and DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Likewise, the related RNase MRP and RMRP-TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase) are implicated in RNA-dependent RNA polymerization for chromatin silencing, whereas the telomerase carries out RNA-dependent DNA polymerization for telomere lengthening...
July 8, 2017: Trends in Genetics: TIG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692189/diversification-of-hp1-like-chromo-domain-proteins-in-tetrahymena-thermophila
#7
Emily A Wiley, Scott Horrell, Alyssa Yoshino, Cara Schornak, Claire Bagnani, Douglas Chalker
Proteins that possess a chromo domain are well known for their roles in heterochromatin assembly and maintenance. The Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1) family, with a chromo domain and carboxy-terminal chromo shadow domain, targets heterochromatin through interaction with histone H3 methylated on lysine 9 (H3K9me2/3). The structural and functional diversity of these proteins observed in both fission yeast and metazoans correlate with chromatin specialization. To expand these studies, we examined chromo domain proteins in the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila, which has functionally diverse and developmentally-regulated heterochromatin domains...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692045/impact-of-histone-demethylase-kdm3a-dependent-ap-1-transactivity-on-hepatotumorigenesis-induced-by-pi3k-activation
#8
T Nakatsuka, K Tateishi, Y Kudo, K Yamamoto, H Nakagawa, H Fujiwara, R Takahashi, K Miyabayashi, Y Asaoka, Y Tanaka, H Ijichi, Y Hirata, M Otsuka, M Kato, J Sakai, M Tachibana, H Aburatani, Y Shinkai, K Koike
Epigenetic gene regulation linked to oncogenic pathways is an important focus of cancer research. KDM3A, a histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) demethylase, is known to have a pro-tumorigenic function. Here, we showed that KDM3A contributes to liver tumor formation through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, which is often activated in hepatocellular carcinoma. Loss of Kdm3a attenuated tumor formation in Pik3ca transgenic (Tg) mouse livers. Transcriptome analysis of pre-cancerous liver tissues revealed that the expression of activator protein 1 (AP-1) target genes was induced by PI3K activation, but blunted upon Kdm3a ablation...
July 10, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684426/arabidopsis-atrx-modulates-h3-3-occupancy-and-fine-tunes-gene-expression
#9
Céline Duc, Matthias Benoit, Gwénaëlle Détourné, Lauriane Simon, Axel Poulet, Matthieu Jung, Alaguraj Veluchamy, David Latrasse, Samuel Le Goff, Sylviane Cotterell, Christophe Tatout, Moussa Benhamed, Aline V Probst
Histones are essential components of the nucleosome, the major chromatin subunit that structures linear DNA molecules and regulates access of other proteins to DNA. Specific histone chaperone complexes control the correct deposition of canonical histones and their variants to modulate nucleosome structure and stability. In this study, we characterize the Arabidopsis Alpha Thalassemia-mental Retardation X-linked (ATRX) ortholog and show that ATRX is involved in histone H3 deposition. Arabidopsis ATRX mutant alleles are viable, but show developmental defects and reduced fertility...
July 6, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678843/kshv-encoded-orf59-modulates-histone-arginine-methylation-of-the-viral-genome-to-promote-viral-reactivation
#10
Roxanne C Strahan, Maria McDowell-Sargent, Timsy Uppal, Pravinkumar Purushothaman, Subhash C Verma
Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) persists in a highly-ordered chromatin structure inside latently infected cells with the majority of the viral genome having repressive marks. However, upon reactivation the viral chromatin landscape changes into 'open' chromatin through the involvement of lysine demethylases and methyltransferases. Besides methylation of lysine residues of histone H3, arginine methylation of histone H4 plays an important role in controlling the compactness of the chromatin. Symmetric methylation of histone H4 at arginine 3 (H4R3me2s) negatively affects the methylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me3), an active epigenetic mark deposited on the viral chromatin during reactivation...
July 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676664/itraq-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-the-inhibitory-effects-of-polysaccharides-from-viscum-coloratum-kom-nakai-on-hepg2-cells
#11
Yangyang Chai, Min Zhao
Viscum coloratum (Kom.) Nakai is one of active medicinal plants, and its active components, especially polysaccharides, have been shown to exhibit bioactivity. In this study, we examined the effects of three polysaccharide fractions from Viscum coloratum (Kom.) Nakai on HepG2 cell growth in a dose-dependent manner by using a CCK-8 assay kit. Flow cytometry analysis showed that VCP2 treatment delayed the cell cycle in the G1 phase and induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells, a result possibly due to the increased expression of p21(Wafl/Cip1) and Cyclin D and the decreased expression of Cyclin E and CDK4...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676640/human-neutrophils-phagocytose-and-kill-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-a-pittii
#12
María Lázaro-Díez, Itziar Chapartegui-González, Santiago Redondo-Salvo, Chike Leigh, David Merino, David San Segundo, Jesús Navas, José Manuel Icardo, Félix Acosta, Alain Ocampo-Sosa, Luis Martínez-Martínez, José Ramos-Vivas
Acinetobacter baumannii is a common cause of health care associated infections worldwide. A. pittii is an opportunistic pathogen also frequently isolated from Acinetobacter infections other than those from A. baumannii. Knowledge of Acinetobacter virulence factors and their role in pathogenesis is scarce. Also, there are no detailed published reports on the interactions between A. pittii and human phagocytic cells. Using confocal laser and scanning electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and live-cell imaging, our study shows that immediately after bacteria-cell contact, neutrophils rapidly and continuously engulf and kill bacteria during at least 4 hours of infection in vitro...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671020/the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-and-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathways-promote-emt-in-gastric-cancer-by-epigenetic-regulation-via-h3-lysine-27-acetylation
#13
Yue Song, Zhao-Xia Li, Xi Liu, Rui Wang, Li-Wei Li, Qingyu Zhang
In this study, we investigated the underlying mechanism of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt- and Wnt/β-catenin-mediated promotion of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition by epigenetic regulation of histone acetylation in gastric cancer. First, we used immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of phosphorylated Akt, phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta, and β-catenin in gastric cancer tissues and adjacent tissues. In addition, we confirmed that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways were correlated with tumorigenesis, progression, and maintenance of gastric cancer using the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 and an inhibitor of the β-catenin/TCF4 complex, FH535...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663576/setd2-and-histone-h3-lysine-36-methylation-deficiency-in-advanced-systemic-mastocytosis
#14
G Martinelli, M Mancini, C De Benedittis, M Rondoni, C Papayannidis, M Manfrini, M Meggendorfer, R Calogero, V Guadagnuolo, M C Fontana, L Bavaro, A Padella, E Zago, L Pagano, R Zanotti, L Scaffidi, G Specchia, F Albano, S Merante, C Elena, P Savini, D Gangemi, P Tosi, F Ciceri, G Poletti, L Riccioni, F Morigi, M Delledonne, T Haferlach, M Cavo, P Valent, S Soverini
The molecular basis of advanced systemic mastocytosis (SM) is not fully understood and despite novel therapies the prognosis remains dismal. Exome sequencing of an index-patient with mast cell leukemia (MCL) uncovered biallelic loss-of-function mutations in the SETD2 histone methyltransferase gene. Copy-neutral loss-of-heterozygosity at 3p21.3 (where SETD2 maps) was subsequently found in SM patients and prompted us to undertake an in-depth analysis of SETD2 copy number, mutation status, transcript expression and methylation levels, as well as functional studies in the HMC-1 cell line and in a validation cohort of 57 additional cases with SM, including MCL, aggressive SM and indolent SM...
June 16, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654659/environmental-change-drives-accelerated-adaptation-through-stimulated-copy-number-variation
#15
Ryan M Hull, Cristina Cruz, Carmen V Jack, Jonathan Houseley
Copy number variation (CNV) is rife in eukaryotic genomes and has been implicated in many human disorders, particularly cancer, in which CNV promotes both tumorigenesis and chemotherapy resistance. CNVs are considered random mutations but often arise through replication defects; transcription can interfere with replication fork progression and stability, leading to increased mutation rates at highly transcribed loci. Here we investigate whether inducible promoters can stimulate CNV to yield reproducible, environment-specific genetic changes...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647884/fluoxetine-induces-apoptosis-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-via-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-activation-and-histone-hyperacetylation-in-sk-n-be-2-m17-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#16
Ji Hyun Choi, Yeon Ju Jeong, Ah-Ran Yu, Kyung-Sik Yoon, Wonchae Choe, Joohun Ha, Sung Soo Kim, Eui-Ju Yeo, Insug Kang
Fluoxetine (FLX) is an antidepressant drug that belongs to the class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. FLX is known to induce apoptosis in multiple types of cancer cells. In this study, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-cancer effects of FLX were investigated in SK-N-BE(2)-M17 human neuroblastoma cells. FLX induced apoptotic cell death, activation of caspase-4, -9, and -3, and expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated proteins, including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP)...
June 24, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647696/cytokeratin-18-associated-histone-3-modulation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-mini-review
#17
REVIEW
Yen-Chang Clark Lai, Chiung-Chi Cheng, Yih-Shyong Lai, Yi-Hsiang Liu
Unstable cytokeratins are associated with tumor transformation in the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma. We previously demonstrated that the cytokeratin 18 was modulated and that a histone H3-specific modification occured, among members of the histone family, during the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma. Evidence suggested that the modification of histone H3 was highly correlated with the modulation of cytokeratin 18 and probably plays an important role in tumorigenesis of hepatocytes...
July 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647357/biophysical-characterization-of-histone-h3-3-k27m-point-mutation
#18
Szabolcs Hetey, Beáta Boros-Oláh, Tímea Kuik-Rózsa, Qiuzhen Li, Zsolt Karányi, Zoltán Szabó, Jason Roszik, Nikoletta Szalóki, György Vámosi, Katalin Tóth, Lóránt Székvölgyi
Lysine 27 to methionine (K27 M) mutation of the histone variant H3.3 drives the formation of an aggressive glioblastoma multiforme tumor in infants. Here we analyzed how the methionine substitution alters the stability of H3.3 nucleosomes in vitro and modifies its kinetic properties in live cells. We also determined whether the presence of mutant nucleosomes perturbed the mobility of the PRC2 subunit Ezh2 (enhancer-of-zeste homolog 2). We found that K27 M nucleosomes maintained the wild-type molecular architecture both at the level of bulk histones and single nucleosomes and followed similar diffusion kinetics to wild-type histones in live cells...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643114/synergistic-cardioprotective-effects-of-raav9-cyclina2-combined-with-fibrin-glue-in-rats-after-myocardial-infarction
#19
Wen Cao, Ya-Fei Chang, Ai-Chao Zhao, Bang-Dang Chen, Fen Liu, Yi-Tong Ma, Xiang Ma
The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of rAAV9-CyclinA2 combined with fibrin glue (FG) in vivo in rats after myocardial infarction (MI). Ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 6 groups (15 in each group): sham, MI, rAAV9-green fluorescent protein (GFP) + MI, rAAV9-CyclinA2 + MI, FG + MI, and rAAV9-CyclinA2 + FG + MI. Packed virus (5 × 10(11)vg/ml) in 150 µl of normal saline or FG was injected into the infarcted myocardium at five locations in rAAV9-GFP + MI, rAAV9-CyclinA2 + MI, and rAAV9-CyclinA2 + FG + MI groups...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634362/reconstructing-the-phylogeny-of-blattodea-robust-support-for-interfamilial-relationships-and-major-clades
#20
Zongqing Wang, Yan Shi, Zhiwei Qiu, Yanli Che, Nathan Lo
Cockroaches are among the most recognizable of all insects. In addition to their role as pests, they play a key ecological role as decomposers. Despite numerous studies of cockroach phylogeny in recent decades, relationships among most major lineages are yet to be resolved. Here we examine phylogenetic relationships among cockroaches based on five genes (mitochondrial 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, COII; nuclear 28S rRNA and histone H3), and infer divergence times on the basis of 8 fossils. We included in our analyses sequences from 52 new species collected in China, representing 7 families...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
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