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Histone H3.3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793052/title-lhp1-interacts-with-atrx-through-plant-specific-domains-at-specific-loci-targeted-by-prc2
#1
Haifeng Wang, Danhua Jiang, Elin Axelsson, Zdravko J Lorković, Sean Montgomery, Sarah Holec, Bas J G E Pieters, Abbas H K Al Temimi, Jasmin Mecinović, Frédéric Berger
Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1) is a major regulator of chromatin structure and function. In animals, the network of proteins interacting with HP1 is mainly associated with constitutive heterochromatin marked by H3K9me3. HP1 physically interacts with the putative orthologue of the SNF2 chromatin remodeler ATRX, which controls deposition of the histone variant H3.3 in mammals. In Arabidopsis thaliana, we show that the orthologue of ATRX participates in H3.3 deposition and characterize the function of conserved domains of plant ATRX...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775417/targeting-histone-methyltransferase-enhancer-of-zeste-homolog-2-inhibits-renal-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-attenuates-renal-fibrosis
#2
Xiaoxu Zhou, Chongxiang Xiong, Evelyn Tolbert, Ting C Zhao, George Bayliss, Shougang Zhuang
Enhancer of zeste homolog-2 (EZH2) is a methyltransferase that induces histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) and functions as an oncogenic factor in many cancer types. Its role in renal epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains unknown. In this study, we found that EZH2 and H3K27me3 were highly expressed in mouse kidney with unilateral ureteral obstruction and cultured mouse kidney proximal tubular (TKPT) cells undergoing EMT. Inhibition of EZH2 with 3-deazaneplanocin A (3-DZNeP) attenuated renal fibrosis, which was associated with preserving E-cadherin expression and inhibiting Vimentin up-regulation in the obstructed kidney...
May 18, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774080/microrna-193b-3p-regulates-chondrogenesis-and-chondrocyte-metabolism-by-targeting-hdac3
#3
Fangang Meng, Zhiwen Li, Zhiqi Zhang, Zibo Yang, Yan Kang, Xiaoyi Zhao, Dianbo Long, Shu Hu, Minghui Gu, Suiwen He, Peihui Wu, Zongkun Chang, Aishan He, Weiming Liao
Histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) plays a pivotal role in the repression of cartilage-specific gene expression in human chondrocytes. The aim of this study was to determine whether microRNA-193b-3p (miR-193b-3p) regulates the expression of HDAC3 during chondrogenesis and chondrocyte metabolism. Methods: miR-193b-3p expression was assessed in a human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) model of chondrogenesis, in interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-treated primary human chondrocytes (PHCs), and in non-degraded and degraded cartilage...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765262/a-new-notomastus-annelida-capitellidae-species-from-korean-waters-with-genetic-comparison-based-on-three-gene-markers
#4
Man-Ki Jeong, Ho Young Soh, Jin Hee Wi, Hae-Lip Suh
Notomastus koreanus sp. n. , collected from the sublittoral muddy bottom of Korean waters, is described as a new species. The Korean new species closely resembles N. torquatus Hutchings & Rainer, 1979 in the chaetal arrangement and the details of abdominal segments, but differs in the position of genital pores and the absence of eyes. DNA sequences (mtCOI, 16S rRNA, and histone H3) of the new species were compared with all the available sequences of Notomastus species in the GenBank database. Three genes showed significant genetic differences between the new species and its congeners (COI: 51...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763912/-a-succinate-ether-derivative-of-tocotrienol-enhances-dickkopf-1-gene-expression-through-epigenetic-alterations-in-malignant-mesothelioma-cells
#5
Ayami Sato, Haruka Ueno, Momoka Fusegi, Saki Kaneko, Kakeru Kohno, Nantiga Virgona, Akira Ando, Yuko Sekine, Tomohiro Yano
BACKGROUND: Wnt signaling plays an essential role in tumor cell growth, including the development of malignant mesothelioma (MM). Epigenetic silencing of negative Wnt regulators leading to constitutive Wnt signaling has been observed in various cancers and warrants further attention. We have reported that a succinate ether derivative of α-tocotrienol (T3E) has potent cytotoxic effects in MM cells. Thus, in this study, we investigated whether the anti-MM effect of T3E could be mediated via the epigenetic alteration of the Wnt antagonist gene, Dickkopf-1 (DKK1)...
May 15, 2018: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763623/molecular-pathological-radiological-and-immune-profiling-of-non-brainstem-pediatric-high-grade-glioma-from-the-herby-phase-ii-randomized-trial
#6
Alan Mackay, Anna Burford, Valeria Molinari, David T W Jones, Elisa Izquierdo, Jurriaan Brouwer-Visser, Felice Giangaspero, Christine Haberler, Torsten Pietsch, Thomas S Jacques, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Daniel Rodriguez, Paul S Morgan, Pichai Raman, Angela J Waanders, Adam C Resnick, Maura Massimino, Maria Luisa Garrè, Helen Smith, David Capper, Stefan M Pfister, Thomas Würdinger, Rachel Tam, Josep Garcia, Meghna Das Thakur, Gilles Vassal, Jacques Grill, Tim Jaspan, Pascale Varlet, Chris Jones
The HERBY trial was a phase II open-label, randomized, multicenter trial evaluating bevacizumab (BEV) in addition to temozolomide/radiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed non-brainstem high-grade glioma (HGG) between the ages of 3 and 18 years. We carried out comprehensive molecular analysis integrated with pathology, radiology, and immune profiling. In post-hoc subgroup analysis, hypermutator tumors (mismatch repair deficiency and somatic POLE/POLD1 mutations) and those biologically resembling pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma ([PXA]-like, driven by BRAF_V600E or NF1 mutation) had significantly more CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and longer survival with the addition of BEV...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760279/histone-h3k27-methylation-is-required-for-nhej-and-genome-stability-by-modulating-the-dynamics-of-fancd2-on-chromatin
#7
Ye Zhang, Jian-Feng Chang, Jin Sun, Lu Chen, Xiao-Mei Yang, Huan-Yin Tang, Yuan-Ya Jing, Xuan Kang, Zhi-Min He, Jun-Yu Wu, Hui-Min Wei, Da-Liang Wang, Rong-Gang Xu, Rui-Bao Zhu, Ying Shen, Shi-Yang Zeng, Chen Wang, Kui-Nan Liu, Yong Zhang, Zhi-Ying Mao, Ci-Zhong Jiang, Fang-Lin Sun
Dysregulation of homeostatic balance in di- and tri-methyl H3K27 levels or that caused by mis-sense mutations of histone H3 (H3K27M) was reported to be associated with various types of cancers. In this study, we found that reduction in H3K27me2/3 caused by H3.1K27M, a mutation of H3 variants found in DIPG patients, dramatically attenuated the presence of 53BP1 foci and NHEJ repair capability in HDF cells. H3.1K27M cells showed increased rates of genomic insertions/deletions (In/Dels) and copy number variations (CNVs), as well as augmented p53-dependent apoptotic cells...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757500/immunohistochemistry-for-histone-h3g34w-and-h3k36m-is-highly-specific-for-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-and-chondroblastoma-respectively-in-fna-and-core-needle-biopsy
#8
Inga-Marie Schaefer, Jonathan A Fletcher, G Petur Nielsen, Angela R Shih, Marco L Ferrone, Jason L Hornick, Xiaohua Qian
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing giant cell-rich bone tumors can be challenging on limited biopsies. H3 histone family member 3A (H3F3A) (G34W/V/R/L) mutations are present in the majority of giant cell tumors (GCTs) of bone and H3 histone family member 3B (H3F3B) (K36M) mutations are present in nearly all chondroblastomas, but are absent in histologic mimics. Mutation-specific immunohistochemistry (IHC) is highly specific for GCT and chondroblastoma in surgical excisions. The objective of the current study was to validate H3G34W and H3K36M IHC in the diagnosis of giant cell-rich bone tumors on fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy specimens...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752148/malignant-primary-diffuse-leptomeningeal-gliomatosis-with-histone-h3-3-k27m-mutation
#9
C Champeaux, A Drier, B Devaux, A Tauziède-Espariat
INTRODUCTION: Malignant primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (MPDLG) are rare central nervous system neoplasms associated with a poor outcome. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who presented with unusual worsening of bilateral sciatica, headaches, diplopia and a left proptosis. MRI of the head and spine showed multiple leptomeningeal lesions with no intra parenchymal involvement. The search for a primary tumor was negative. An open surgical biopsy of the prominent intradural lumbar tumor was performed within a week...
May 8, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751847/asf1-is-required-to-load-histones-on-the-hira-complex-in-preparation-of-paternal-chromatin-assembly-at-fertilization
#10
Béatrice Horard, Laure Sapey-Triomphe, Emilie Bonnefoy, Benjamin Loppin
BACKGROUND: Anti-Silencing Factor 1 (ASF1) is a conserved H3-H4 histone chaperone involved in both Replication-Coupled and Replication-Independent (RI) nucleosome assembly pathways. At DNA replication forks, ASF1 plays an important role in regulating the supply of H3.1/2 and H4 to the CAF-1 chromatin assembly complex. ASF1 also provides H3.3-H4 dimers to HIRA and DAXX chaperones for RI nucleosome assembly. The early Drosophila embryo is an attractive system to study chromatin assembly in a developmental context...
May 11, 2018: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750576/suv39h1-dnmt3a-dependent-methylation-of-the-rb1-promoter-stimulates-pin1-expression-and-melanoma-development
#11
Garam Kim, Jin-Young Kim, Sung-Chul Lim, Kwang Youl Lee, Okyun Kim, Hong Seok Choi
Melanoma is among the most aggressive and treatment-resistant human cancers. Aberrant histone H3 methylation at Lys 9 (H3K9) correlates with carcinogenic gene silencing, but the significance of suppressor of variegation 3-9 homolog 1 (SUV39H1), an H3K9-specific methyltransferase, in melanoma initiation and progression remains unclear. Here, we show that SUV39H1-mediated H3K9 trimethylation facilitates retinoblastoma ( RB) 1 promoter CpG island methylation by interacting with DNA methyltransferase 3A and decreasing RB mRNA and protein in melanoma cells...
May 11, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743362/adenovirus-5-e1a-mediated-suppression-of-p53-via-fubp1
#12
Jasmine Rae Frost, Megan Mendez, Andrea Michelle Soriano, Leandro Crisostomo, Oladunni Olanubi, Sandi Radko, Peter Pelka
The Far Upstream Element Binding Protein 1 (FUBP1) was first identified as a regulator of the oncogene c-Myc via binding to the Far Upstream Element (FUSE) within the c-Myc promoter and activating expression of the gene. Recent studies have identified FUBP1 as a regulator of transcription, translation, and splicing via its DNA and RNA binding activities. Here we report the identification of FUBP1 as a novel binding partner of E1A. FUBP1 binds directly to E1A via the N-terminus (residues 1-82) and Conserved Region 3 (residues 139 to 204) of adenovirus 5 E1A...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740427/intestinal-microbiota-at-engraftment-influence-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-via-the-treg-th17-balance-in-allo-hsct-recipients
#13
Lijie Han, Hua Jin, Lizhi Zhou, Xin Zhang, Zhiping Fan, Min Dai, Qianyun Lin, Fen Huang, Li Xuan, Haiyan Zhang, Qifa Liu
Animal models have indicated that intestinal microbiota influence acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) by modulating immune homeostasis. But, in humans, the mechanism by which the microbiota induces aGVHD remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the intestinal microbiota and T cell subsets in patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) to explore the mechanism by which microbiota induced aGVHD. Based on aGVHD, this study was categorized into two groups: grades II-IV aGVHD (aGVHD group, n  = 32) and grade 0-I aGVHD (non-aGVHD group, n  = 49)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730439/a-metadynamic-approach-to-understand-the-recognition-mechanism-of-the-histone-h3-tail-with-the-atrx-add-domain
#14
Radha Charan Dash, Angela M Zaino, M Kyle Hadden
The binding affinity between the histone 3 (H3) tail and the ADD domain of ATRX (ATRXADD ) increases with the subsequent addition of methyl groups on lysine 9 on H3. To improve our understanding of how the difference in methylation state affects binding between H3 and the ATRXADD , we adopted a metadynamic approach to explore the recognition mechanism between the two proteins and identify the key intermolecular interactions that mediate this protein-peptide interaction (PPI). The non-methylated H3 peptide is recognized only by the PHD finger of ATRXADD while mono-, di-, and trimethylated H3 is recognized by both the PHD and GATA-like zinc finger of the domain...
May 3, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724720/setd2-haploinsufficiency-for-microtubule-methylation-is-an-early-driver-of-genomic-instability-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#15
Yun Chen Chiang, In Young Park, Esteban A Terzo, Durga Nand Tripathi, Frank M Mason, Catherine C Fahey, Menuka Karki, Charles B Shuster, Bo Hwa Sohn, Pratim Chowdhury, Reid T Powell, Ryoma Ohi, Yi-Hsuan Tsai, Aguirre A de Cubas, Abid Khan, Ian Davis, Brian D Strahl, Joel S Parker, Ruhee Dere, Cheryl Lyn Walker, W Kimryn Rathmell
Loss of the short arm of chromosome 3 (3p) occurs early in >95% of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Nearly ubiquitous 3p loss in ccRCC suggests haploinsufficiency for 3p tumor suppressors as early drivers of tumorigenesis. We previously reported methyltransferase SETD2, which trimethylates H3 histones on lysine 36 (H3K36me3) and is located in the 3p deletion, to also trimethylate microtubules on lysine 40 (αTubK40me3) during mitosis, with αTubK40me3 required for genomic stability. We now show that mono-allelic, Setd2-deficient cells retaining H3K36me3 but not αTubK40me3 exhibit a dramatic increase in mitotic defects and micronuclei count with increased viability compared to bi-allelic loss...
May 3, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721855/id1-and-sonic-hedgehog-mediate-cell-cycle-reentry-and-apoptosis-induced-by-amyloid-beta-peptide-in-post-mitotic-cortical-neurons
#16
A-Ching Chao, Chien-Hui Chen, Shih-Hsin Chang, Chao-Tzu Huang, Wei-Chao Hwang, Ding-I Yang
Amyloid beta-peptide (Aβ), the neurotoxic component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, is known to trigger cell cycle reentry in post-mitotic neurons followed by apoptosis. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Recently, we have reported that Aβs stimulate the expression of inhibitor of differentiation-1 (Id1) to induce sonic hedgehog (SHH) (Hung et al., Mol Neurobiol 53(2):793-809, 2016), and both are mitogens capable of triggering cell cycle progression. In this work, we tested the hypothesis that Aβ-induced Id1 and SHH contribute to cell cycle reentry leading to apoptosis in neurons...
May 2, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717056/chromatin-immunoprecipitation-chip-analysis-of-protein-dna-interactions
#17
Tae Hoon Kim, Job Dekker
Here we describe chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), a molecular approach that uses formaldehyde cross-linking to investigate genome structure and function. This approach allows us to determine the distribution of histone modifications (e.g., acetylation, methylation), the deposition of histone variants (H2AZ, H3.3, etc.), and the location of sequence-specific and general transcription factors. We introduce well-established ChIP-based methods that allow analysis of protein-DNA interactions in living cells...
May 1, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700471/telobox-motifs-recruit-clf-swn-prc2-for-h3k27me3-deposition-via-trb-factors-in-arabidopsis
#18
Yue Zhou, Yuejun Wang, Kristin Krause, Tingting Yang, Joram A Dongus, Yijing Zhang, Franziska Turck
Polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs) control organismic development in higher eukaryotes through epigenetic gene repression1-4 . PRC proteins do not contain DNA-binding domains, thus prompting questions regarding how PRCs find their target loci 5 . Here we present genome-wide evidence of PRC2 recruitment by telomere-repeat-binding factors (TRBs) through telobox-related motifs in Arabidopsis. A triple trb1-2, trb2-1, and trb3-2 (trb1/2/3) mutant with a developmental phenotype and a transcriptome strikingly similar to those of strong PRC2 mutants showed redistribution of trimethyl histone H3 Lys27 (H3K27me3) marks and lower H3K27me3 levels, which were correlated with derepression of TRB1-target genes...
April 26, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700327/class-i-histone-deacetylase-hdac-inhibitor-ci-994-promotes-functional-recovery-following-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Suxiang Zhang, Yuki Fujita, Rieko Matsuzaki, Toshihide Yamashita
Spinal cord injury (SCI) induces severe and long-lasting neurological disability. Accumulating evidence has suggested that histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors exert neuroprotective effects against various insults and deficits in the central nervous system. In the present study, we assessed the effect of the class I HDAC inhibitor CI-994 in a mouse model of SCI. Following SCI, mice were treated with either dimethyl sulfoxide (control vehicle) or 1, 10, or 30 mg/kg CI-994. Level of acetylated histone H3 expression was increased in the motor cortex and spinal cord of 10 mg/kg CCI-994-treated mice after SCI...
April 27, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698892/3h-pyrazolo-4-3-f-quinoline-haspin-kinase-inhibitors-and-anticancer-properties
#20
Clement Opoku-Temeng, Neetu Dayal, Moloud Aflaki Sooreshjani, Herman O Sintim
Histone modification, a post-translational modification of histones and involving various covalent tags, such as methyl, phosphate and acetate groups, affects gene expression and hence modulates various cellular events, including growth and proliferation. Consequently histone-modifying proteins have become targets for the development of anticancer agents. Thus far, compounds that inhibit the methylation or acetylation of histones have advanced in the clinic, but inhibitors of histone phosphorylation have lagged behind...
April 17, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
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