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Histone H3.3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647884/fluoxetine-induces-apoptosis-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-via-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-activation-and-histone-hyperacetylation-in-sk-n-be-2-m17-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#1
Ji Hyun Choi, Yeon Ju Jeong, Ah-Ran Yu, Kyung-Sik Yoon, Wonchae Choe, Joohun Ha, Sung Soo Kim, Eui-Ju Yeo, Insug Kang
Fluoxetine (FLX) is an antidepressant drug that belongs to the class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. FLX is known to induce apoptosis in multiple types of cancer cells. In this study, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-cancer effects of FLX were investigated in SK-N-BE(2)-M17 human neuroblastoma cells. FLX induced apoptotic cell death, activation of caspase-4, -9, and -3, and expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated proteins, including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP)...
June 24, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647696/cytokeratin-18-associated-histone-3-modulation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-mini-review
#2
REVIEW
Yen-Chang Clark Lai, Chiung-Chi Cheng, Yih-Shyong Lai, Yi-Hsiang Liu
Unstable cytokeratins are associated with tumor transformation in the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma. We previously demonstrated that the cytokeratin 18 was modulated and that a histone H3-specific modification occured, among members of the histone family, during the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma. Evidence suggested that the modification of histone H3 was highly correlated with the modulation of cytokeratin 18 and probably plays an important role in tumorigenesis of hepatocytes...
July 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647357/biophysical-characterization-of-histone-h3-3-k27%C3%A2-m-point-mutation
#3
Szabolcs Hetey, Beáta Boros-Oláh, Tímea Kuik-Rózsa, Qiuzhen Li, Zsolt Karányi, Zoltán Szabó, Jason Roszik, Nikoletta Szalóki, György Vámosi, Katalin Tóth, Lóránt Székvölgyi
Lysine 27 to methionine (K27 M) mutation of the histone variant H3.3 drives the formation of an aggressive glioblastoma multiforme tumor in infants. Here we analyzed how the methionine substitution alters the stability of H3.3 nucleosomes in vitro and modifies its kinetic properties in live cells. We also determined whether the presence of mutant nucleosomes perturbed the mobility of the PRC2 subunit Ezh2 (enhancer-of-zeste homolog 2). We found that K27 M nucleosomes maintained the wild-type molecular architecture both at the level of bulk histones and single nucleosomes and followed similar diffusion kinetics to wild-type histones in live cells...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643114/synergistic-cardioprotective-effects-of-raav9-cyclina2-combined-with-fibrin-glue-in-rats-after-myocardial-infarction
#4
Wen Cao, Ya-Fei Chang, Ai-Chao Zhao, Bang-Dang Chen, Fen Liu, Yi-Tong Ma, Xiang Ma
The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of rAAV9-CyclinA2 combined with fibrin glue (FG) in vivo in rats after myocardial infarction (MI). Ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 6 groups (15 in each group): sham, MI, rAAV9-green fluorescent protein (GFP) + MI, rAAV9-CyclinA2 + MI, FG + MI, and rAAV9-CyclinA2 + FG + MI. Packed virus (5 × 10(11)vg/ml) in 150 µl of normal saline or FG was injected into the infarcted myocardium at five locations in rAAV9-GFP + MI, rAAV9-CyclinA2 + MI, and rAAV9-CyclinA2 + FG + MI groups...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634362/reconstructing-the-phylogeny-of-blattodea-robust-support-for-interfamilial-relationships-and-major-clades
#5
Zongqing Wang, Yan Shi, Zhiwei Qiu, Yanli Che, Nathan Lo
Cockroaches are among the most recognizable of all insects. In addition to their role as pests, they play a key ecological role as decomposers. Despite numerous studies of cockroach phylogeny in recent decades, relationships among most major lineages are yet to be resolved. Here we examine phylogenetic relationships among cockroaches based on five genes (mitochondrial 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, COII; nuclear 28S rRNA and histone H3), and infer divergence times on the basis of 8 fossils. We included in our analyses sequences from 52 new species collected in China, representing 7 families...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632772/characterization-of-slow-cycling-cells-in-the-mouse-cochlear-lateral-wall
#6
Yang Li, Kotaro Watanabe, Masato Fujioka, Kaoru Ogawa
Cochlear spiral ligament fibrocytes (SLFs) play essential roles in the physiology of hearing including ion recycling and the generation of endocochlear potential. In adult animals, SLFs can repopulate after damages, yet little is known about the characteristics of proliferating cells that support SLFs' self-renewal. Here we report in detail about the characteristics of cycling cells in the spiral ligament (SL). Fifteen P6 mice and six noise-exposed P28 mice were injected with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) for 7 days and we chased BrdU retaining cells for as long as 60 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630893/a-d53-repression-motif-induces-oligomerization-of-topless-corepressors-and-promotes-assembly-of-a-corepressor-nucleosome-complex
#7
Honglei Ma, Jingbo Duan, Jiyuan Ke, Yuanzheng He, Xin Gu, Ting-Hai Xu, Hong Yu, Yonghong Wang, Joseph S Brunzelle, Yi Jiang, Scott B Rothbart, H Eric Xu, Jiayang Li, Karsten Melcher
TOPLESS are tetrameric plant corepressors of the conserved Tup1/Groucho/TLE (transducin-like enhancer of split) family. We show that they interact through their TOPLESS domains (TPDs) with two functionally important ethylene response factor-associated amphiphilic repression (EAR) motifs of the rice strigolactone signaling repressor D53: the universally conserved EAR-3 and the monocot-specific EAR-2. We present the crystal structure of the monocot-specific EAR-2 peptide in complex with the TOPLESS-related protein 2 (TPR2) TPD, in which the EAR-2 motif binds the same TPD groove as jasmonate and auxin signaling repressors but makes additional contacts with a second TPD site to mediate TPD tetramer-tetramer interaction...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627608/silencing-of-lsd1-gene-modulates-histone-methylation-and-acetylation-and-induces-the-apoptosis-of-jeko-1-and-molt-4-cells
#8
Zhong-Kai Zou, Yi-Qun Huang, Yong Zou, Xu-Ke Zheng, Xu-Dong Ma
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) has been identified and biochemically characterized in epigenetics; however, the pathological roles of its dysfunction in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia remain to be elucidated. In this study, we evaluated LSD1, and histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4)me1 and H3K4me2 expression in patients with MCL and silenced LSD1 in JeKo‑1 and MOLT‑4 cells, in order to define its role in JeKo‑1 and MOLT‑4 cell proliferation and apoptosis. We retrospectively analyzed the protein expression of LSD1, and mono- and dimethylated H3K4 (H3K4me1 and H3K4me2), and cyclin D1 and Ki67 in 30 cases of MCL by immunohistochemistry...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616911/-histone-deacetylation-down-regulates-the-expression-of-bnip3-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#9
Jian-Bang Liu, Hai-Zhou Wang, Zhen-Hua Liu, Miao Xu, Xiang Li
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the down-regulation mechanism of (bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: RCC cell lines 786-O, ACHN and A498 were treated with different concentrations of histone deacetylase inhibitor TSA. Thereafter, the proliferation of RCC cells was determined with CCK-8 assay, cell apoptosis was observed by flow cytometry, and the expression levels of BNIP3 were determined by Q-PCR and Western blot, and the acetylation status of histone H3 in the promoter of BNIP3 was detected by ChIP...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607920/epigenetics-meets-metabolism-through-phb-mediated-histone-h3-3-deposition-by-hira
#10
EDITORIAL
Ronen Marmorstein, Peter D Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600475/dual-inhibition-of-hdac-and-tyrosine-kinase-signaling-pathways-with-cudc-907-inhibits-thyroid-cancer-growth-and-metastases
#11
Shweta Kotian, Lisa Zhang, Myriem Boufraqech, Kelli Gaskins, Sudheer Kumar Gara, Martha M Quezado, Naris Nilubol, Electron Kebebew
PURPOSE: There is currently no standard therapy for anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC), which account for two-thirds of thyroid cancer deaths. Driver mutations in the PI3K/AKT and RAF/RAS/MEK/ERK pathways are common in ATC and PDTC. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate cancer initiation and progression. Our aim was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of simultaneously targeting these pathways in thyroid cancer with a single agent, and to evaluate biomarkers of treatment response...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600325/hira-deficiency-in-muscle-fibers-causes-hypertrophy-and-susceptibility-to-oxidative-stress
#12
Nicolas Valenzuela, Benjamin Soibam, Lerong Li, Jing Wang, Lauren A Byers, Yu Liu, Robert J Schwartz, M David Stewart
Nucleosome assembly proceeds through DNA replication-coupled or replication-independent mechanisms. For skeletal myocytes, whose nuclei have permanently exited the cell cycle, replication-independent assembly is the only mode available for chromatin remodeling. For this reason, any nucleosome composition alterations accompanying transcriptional responses to physiological signals must occur through a DNA replication-independent pathway. HIRA is the histone chaperone primarily responsible for replication-independent incorporation of histone variant H3...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596772/epigenetic-regulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-1-and-3-expression-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#13
Rachel C Moores, Sara Brilha, Frans Schutgens, Paul T Elkington, Jon S Friedland
In pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), the inflammatory immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is associated with tissue destruction and cavitation, which drives disease transmission, chronic lung disease, and mortality. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 is a host enzyme critical for the development of cavitation. MMP expression has been shown to be epigenetically regulated in other inflammatory diseases, but the importance of such mechanisms in Mtb-associated induction of MMP-1 is unknown. We investigated the role of changes in histone acetylation in Mtb-induced MMP expression using inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) and histone acetyltransferases (HAT), HDAC siRNA, promoter-reporter constructs, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596365/pcgf3-5-prc1-initiates-polycomb-recruitment-in-x-chromosome-inactivation
#14
Mafalda Almeida, Greta Pintacuda, Osamu Masui, Yoko Koseki, Michal Gdula, Andrea Cerase, David Brown, Arne Mould, Cassandravictoria Innocent, Manabu Nakayama, Lothar Schermelleh, Tatyana B Nesterova, Haruhiko Koseki, Neil Brockdorff
Recruitment of the Polycomb repressive complexes PRC1 and PRC2 by Xist RNA is an important paradigm for chromatin regulation by long noncoding RNAs. Here, we show that the noncanonical Polycomb group RING finger 3/5 (PCGF3/5)-PRC1 complex initiates recruitment of both PRC1 and PRC2 in response to Xist RNA expression. PCGF3/5-PRC1-mediated ubiquitylation of histone H2A signals recruitment of other noncanonical PRC1 complexes and of PRC2, the latter leading to deposition of histone H3 lysine 27 methylation chromosome-wide...
June 9, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588720/synergistic-activity-of-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-trichostatin-a-and-the-proteasome-inhibitor-ps-341-against-taxane-resistant-ovarian-cancer-cell-lines
#15
Xin Jin, Yong Fang, Yi Hu, Jing Chen, Wei Liu, Gang Chen, Mei Gong, Peng Wu, Tao Zhu, Shixuan Wang, Jianfeng Zhou, Hui Wang, Ding Ma, Kezhen Li
Although a combination of platinum- and taxane-based chemotherapy is recommended for at least 70% patients with ovarian cancer as treatment subsequent to surgery, the initial response to the chemotherapy is not durable and tumors become resistant. Histone deacetylase and proteasome inhibitors are novel therapeutic agents. However, the moderate antitumoral effect of the inhibitors has restricted their clinical use when used as single agents. The aim of the present study was to investigate the synergistic activity of trichostatin A (TSA) and PS-341 in ovarian cancer cells, along with the investigation of the molecular mechanisms of taxane resistance...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587626/evaluation-of-a-novel-antibody-to-define-histone-3-3-g34r-mutant-brain-tumours
#16
Farhana Haque, Pascale Varlet, Julien Puntonet, Lisa Storer, Aikaterini Bountali, Ruman Rahman, Jacques Grill, Angel M Carcaboso, Chris Jones, Robert Layfield, Richard G Grundy
Missense somatic mutations affecting histone H3.1 and H3.3 proteins are now accepted as the hallmark of paediatric diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG), non-brain stem paediatric high grade gliomas (pHGG) as well as a subset of adult glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Different mutations give rise to one of three amino acid substitutions at two critical positions within the histone tails, K27M, G34R/V. Several studies have highlighted gene expression and epigenetic changes associated with histone H3 mutations; however their precise roles in tumourigenesis remain incompletely understood...
June 6, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584723/selection-of-housekeeping-genes-as-internal-controls-for-quantitative-rt-pcr-analysis-of-the-veined-rapa-whelk-rapana-venosa
#17
Hao Song, Xin Dang, Yuan-Qiu He, Tao Zhang, Hai-Yan Wang
BACKGROUND: The veined rapa whelk Rapana venosa is an important commercial shellfish in China and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) has become the standard method to study gene expression in R. venosa. For accurate and reliable gene expression results, qRT-PCR assays require housekeeping genes as internal controls, which display highly uniform expression in different tissues or stages of development. However, to date no studies have validated housekeeping genes in R. venosa for use as internal controls for qRT-PCR...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582417/genome-wide-alteration-in-dna-hydroxymethylation-in-the-sperm-from-bisphenol-a-exposed-men
#18
Huajun Zheng, Xiaoyu Zhou, De-Kun Li, Fen Yang, Hongjie Pan, Tianqi Li, Maohua Miao, Runsheng Li, Wei Yuan
Environmental BPA exposure has been shown to impact human sperm concentration and motility, as well as rodent spermatogenesis. However, it is unclear whether BPA exposure is associated with alteration in DNA hydroxymethylation, a marker for epigenetic modification, in human sperm. A genome-wide DNA hydroxymethylation study was performed using sperm samples of men who were occupationally exposed to BPA. Compared with controls who had no occupational BPA exposure, the total levels of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmc) increased significantly (19...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549347/the-roles-of-ing5-in-gliomas-a-good-marker-for-tumorigenesis-and-a-potential-target-for-gene-therapy
#19
Shuang Zhao, Zhi-Juan Zhao, Hao-Yu He, Ji-Cheng Wu, Xiao-Qing Ding, Lei Yang, Ning Jia, Zhi-Jie Li, Hua-Chuan Zheng
To elucidate the anti-tumor effects and molecular mechanisms of ING5 on glioma cells, we overexpressed it in U87 cells, and examined the phenotypes and their relevant molecules. It was found that ING5 overexpression suppressed proliferation, energy metabolism, migration, invasion, and induced G2/M arrest, apoptosis, dedifferentiation, senescence, mesenchymal- epithelial transition and chemoresistance to cisplatin, MG132, paclitaxel and SAHA in U87 cells. There appeared a lower expression of N-cadherin, Twist, Slug, Zeb1, Zeb2, Snail, Ac-H3, Ac-H4, Cdc2, Cdk4 and XIAP, but a higher expression of Claudin 1, Histones 3 and 4, p21, p53, Bax, β-catenin, PI3K, Akt, and p-Akt in ING5 transfectants...
May 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549158/chd2-regulates-chromatin-for-proper-gene-expression-toward-differentiation-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#20
Yuichiro Semba, Akihito Harada, Kazumitsu Maehara, Shinya Oki, Chikara Meno, Jun Ueda, Kazuo Yamagata, Atsushi Suzuki, Mitsuho Onimaru, Jumpei Nogami, Seiji Okada, Koichi Akashi, Yasuyuki Ohkawa
Chromatin reorganization is necessary for pluripotent stem cells, including embryonic stem cells (ESCs), to acquire lineage potential. However, it remains unclear how ESCs maintain their characteristic chromatin state for appropriate gene expression upon differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that chromodomain helicase DNA-binding domain 2 (Chd2) is required to maintain the differentiation potential of mouse ESCs. Chd2-depleted ESCs showed suppressed expression of developmentally regulated genes upon differentiation and subsequent differentiation defects without affecting gene expression in the undifferentiated state...
May 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
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