Read by QxMD icon Read


Xiaoye Yang, Xiaoqun Shi, Jianbo Ji, Guangxi Zhai
The development of imaging-guided smart drug delivery systems for combinational photodynamic/chemotherapy of the tumor has become highly demanded in oncology. Herein, redox-responsive theranostic polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated innovatively using low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) as the backbone. Chlorin e6 (Ce6) and alpha-tocopherol succinate (TOS) were conjugated to LMWH via cystamine as the redox-sensitive linker, forming amphiphilic Ce6-LMWH-TOS (CHT) polymer, which could self-assemble into NPs in water and encapsulate paclitaxel (PTX) inside the inner core (PTX/CHT NPs)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Xuanwei Zhang, Gabriele Niedermann
PURPOSE: Hypofractionated radiation therapy (hRT) combined with immune checkpoint blockade can induce T-cell-mediated local and abscopal antitumor effects. We had previously observed peak levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) between days 5 and 8 after hRT. Because TILs are regarded as radiosensitive, hRT schedules extending into this period might be less immunogenic, prompting us to compare clinically relevant, short and extended schedules with equivalent biologically effective doses combined with anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD1) antibody treatment...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Junwei Shi, Thirupandiyur S Udayakumar, Keying Xu, Nesrin Dogan, Alan Pollack, Yidong Yang
PURPOSE: The image guided small animal arc radiation treatment platform has adopted onboard cone beam computed tomography and bioluminescence tomography (BLT). We used BLT to guide irradiation delivery and quantitatively assess irradiation-induced tumor response. METHODS AND MATERIALS: BLT was first validated on a tissue-simulating phantom, where the internal chemiluminescent liquid had a constant volume while its luminescence intensity gradually decayed. Then, in vivo experiments were performed on BALB/c mice orthotopically inoculated with 4T1 breast carcinoma cells expressing luciferase...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Ji-Chang Wang, Xiong-Xiong Li, Xin Sun, Guang-Yue Li, Jing-Lan Sun, Yuan-Peng Ye, Long-Long Cong, Wei-Ming Li, Shao-Ying Lu, Jun Feng, Pei-Jun Liu
Substantial data from preclinical studies have revealed the biphasic effects of statins on cardiovascular angiogenesis. Although some have reported the anti-angiogenic potential of statins in malignant tumors, however, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. The aim of this study is to elucidate the mechanism by which simvastatin, a member of the statin family, inhibits tumor angiogenesis. Simvastatin significantly suppressed tumor cells-conditioned medium (TCM)-induced angiogenic promotion in vitro, and resulted in a dose-dependent anti-angiogenesis in vivo...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Science
Yingqian Ci, Yubo Zhang, Yanjie Liu, Shuai Lu, Jianhua Cao, Huajun Li, Jing Zhang, Zongyu Huang, Xudong Zhu, Jin Gao, Mei Han
Tumour metastasis is the major cause of breast cancer mortality. Myricetin, a natural polyphenol, is found in teas, wines, and berries. The pharmacodynamic action and molecular mechanism of myricetin on breast cancer metastasis remain unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of myricetin on MDA-Mb-231Br cell viability, migration, invasion, and 4T1 mouse lung metastasis mouse models. MMP-2/9 protein expression and ST6GALNAC5 expression were analysed using western blot assays and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively...
March 13, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Akhila Jose, Mrudula Surendran, Sajid Fazal, Bindhu-Paul Prasanth, Deepthy Menon
This work reports the potential of iron quantum clusters (FeQCs) as a hyperthermia agent for cancer, by testing its in-vitro response to shortwave (MHz range), radiofrequency (RF) waves non-invasively. Stable, fluorescent FeQCs of size ∼1 nm prepared by facile aqueous chemistry from endogenous protein haemoglobin were found to give a high thermal response, with a ΔT ∼50 °C at concentrationsas low as165 μg/mL. The as-prepared nanoclusters purified by lyophilization as well as dialysis showed a concentration, power and time-dependent RF response, with the lyophilized FeQCs exhibiting pronounced heating effects...
February 27, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yanxue Liu, Kefeng Liu, Xiaomin Li, Shangzhen Xiao, Dan Zheng, Pengbo Zhu, Chunxiao Li, Jing Liu, Jing He, Jiandu Lei, Luying Wang
The application of non-toxic carriers to increase drug loading, multi-drug delivery, and extremely small size of nano-drugs to construct a tremendous transmission system is the goal for all researchers to be pursued. The proposal of natural pectin nano-platform for delivery of multiple drugs is critical for biomedical research, especially a particle size of below 100nm with high yield. Here we design a new core-shell structure pectin-eight-arm polyethylene glycol-ursolic acid/hydrooxycampothecin nanoparticle (Pec-8PUH NPs) through a special self-assembly method for stabilizing and dispersing particles, improving water-solubility, and achieving drug controlled release...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Akimitsu Yamada, Masayuki Nagahashi, Tomoyoshi Aoyagi, Wei-Ching Huang, Santiago Lima, Nitai C Hait, Aparna Maiti, Kumiko Kida, Krista P Terracina, Hiroshi Miyazaki, Takashi Ishikawa, Itaru Endo, Michael R Waters, Qianya Qi, Li Yan, Sheldon Milstien, Sarah Spiegel, Kazuaki Takabe
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive sphingolipid mediator, has been implicated in regulation of many processes important for breast cancer progression. Previously we observed that S1P is exported out of human breast cancer cells by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCC1, but not by ABCB1, both known multidrug resistance proteins that efflux chemotherapeutic agents. However, the pathological consequences of these events to breast cancer progression and metastasis has not been elucidated. Here, it is demonstrated that high expression of ABCC1, but not ABCB1, is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Amy F Martinez, Samuel S McCachren, Marianne Lee, Helen A Murphy, Caigang Zhu, Brian T Crouch, Hannah L Martin, Alaattin Erkanli, Narasimhan Rajaram, Kathleen A Ashcraft, Andrew N Fontanella, Mark W Dewhirst, Nirmala Ramanujam
Many cancers adeptly modulate metabolism to thrive in fluctuating oxygen conditions; however, current tools fail to image metabolic and vascular endpoints at spatial resolutions needed to visualize these adaptations in vivo. We demonstrate a high-resolution intravital microscopy technique to quantify glucose uptake, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and SO2 to characterize the in vivo phentoypes of three distinct murine breast cancer lines. Tetramethyl rhodamine, ethyl ester (TMRE) was thoroughly validated to report on MMP in normal and tumor-bearing mice...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Si-Yong Qin, Yin-Jia Cheng, Zhi-Wei Jiang, Yi-Han Ma, Ai-Qing Zhang
The morphology of nanomedicines has a large influence on the anticancer efficiency of therapeutic agents in biological systems. In this study, camptothecin (CPT)-based nanodrugs with helical and spherical shapes were simply built without the need of any additional carriers. Self-deliverable spherical nanodrug represented a therapeutic advantage over the helical one, which was uncovered from the in vitro toxicity assay. Confocal imaging study indicated that the better outcome of spherical nanodrug was ascribed to the faster cellular uptake...
February 24, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Landon Mott, Kai Su, Daniel W Pack
Basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) is a malignant carcinoma with aggressive motility and rapid growth. Accounting for 15% of breast cancers, BLBC often exhibits a poor prognosis and tends to metastasize to the brain and lungs. Because most BLBC display a triple-negative phenotype (ER-, PR-, and HER2-), conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the only treatment option despite poor success and high rate of relapse. The overexpression of the forkhead-box transcription factor C1 (FOXC1) was recently identified as a biomarker of BLBC...
March 6, 2018: Cancer Gene Therapy
Le Ying, De-Dong Kong, Yuan-Yuan Gao, Feng Yan, Yue-Fei Wang, Ping Xu
Phenolics, as the main bioactive compounds in tea, have been suggested to have potential in the prevention of various human diseases. However, little is known about phenolics and their bioactivity in Zhangping Narcissue tea cake which is considered the most special kind of oolong tea. To unveil its bioactivity, three phenolic-enriched extracts were obtained from Zhangping Narcissue tea cake using ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water. Their main chemical compositions and in vitro bioactivity were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Cheng Xu, Feng Chen, Hector F Valdovinos, Dawei Jiang, Shreya Goel, Bo Yu, Haiyan Sun, Todd E Barnhart, James J Moon, Weibo Cai
Mesoporous silica nanoshell (MSN) coating has been demonstrated as a versatile surface modification strategy for various kinds of inorganic functional nanoparticles, such as gold nanorods (GNRs), to achieve not only improved nanoparticle stability but also concomitant drug loading capability. However, limited drug loading capacity and low tumor accumulation rate in vivo are two major challenges for the biomedical applications of MSN-coated GNRs (GNR@MSN). In this study, by coating uniformly sized GNRs with MSN in an oil-water biphase reaction system, we have successfully synthesized a new bacteria-like GNR@MSN (i...
February 23, 2018: Biomaterials
Alexander Bagaev, Aleksey Pichugin, Edward L Nelson, Michael G Agadjanyan, Anahit Ghochikyan, Ravshan I Ataullakhanov
Dendritic cells (DCs) are well-known for their functions in orchestrating the innate and adaptive arms of immune defense. However, under certain conditions, DCs can exert tumoricidal activity. We have elucidated the mechanism of tumor suppression by TLR4-activated bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) isolated from BALB/c mice. We identified that two distinct subsets of BMDCs (CD11b+ CD11c+ I-A/Eint and CD11b+ CD11c+ I-A/Ehigh ) have different cytotoxic mechanisms of action. The cytotoxicity of the former subset is mediated through NO and reactive oxygen species and type I IFN (IFN-β), whereas the latter subset acts only through IFN-β...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Huipeng Li, Xue Yang, Fang Gao, Chenggen Qian, Chenzi Li, David Oupicky, Minjie Sun
In present study, gene concentrated as well as bioreduction-ruptured nanogel with local enrichment positive charge while low cytotoxicity was developed for Bcl2 siRNA delivery featured in intracellular switch on/off controlled release. Dynamic covalent bond crosslinked nanogel was formed by thiolated PEI of 1.8 kDa(PEI-1.8 kDa)and biodegradable dextrin. Once nanogel was uptake by tumor cells, high concentration of glutathione (GSH) in cytosol could bioreducible -degrade and rupture the crosslink of this dextrin nanogel (DSP) into hypotoxic PEI-1...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Santhosh Kalash Rajendrakumar, Kondareddy Cherukula, Hyeong Ju Park, Saji Uthaman, Yong Yeon Jeong, Byeong-Il Lee, In-Kyu Park
Stimuli-responsive polymeric nanoparticles are useful for overcoming challenges such as transfection efficiency and the specific and safe delivery of genes to cancer cells. Transfection outcomes can be improved through spatially and temporally controlled gene release. We formulated a nanoassembly comprising a disulfide-crosslinked polyethylenimine (ssPEI) conjugated with a tumor-specific cell-penetrating peptide (DS 4-3) (SPD) polyplex and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-loaded IR780 (BI) nanoparticle, thereby forming a dual-stimulus-triggered, tumor-penetrating and gene-carrying nanoassembly (BI-SPD) via electrostatic complexing...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Xuejia Kang, Zening Zheng, Zehua Liu, Huiyuan Wang, Yuge Zhao, Wenyuan Zhang, Mingjie Shi, Yang He, Yang Cao, Qin Xu, Chengyuan Peng, Yongzhuo Huang
Effective treatment of metastatic (stage IV) breast cancers remains a formidable challenge. To address this issue, a cell-penetrating peptide-assisted liposomal system was developed for codelivery of doxorubicin and andrographolide. This nanomedicine-based combination therapy showed the ability to inhibit the in vitro migration and invasion of 4T1 cells through the wound healing and transwell invasion assays. Furthermore, this delivery system exhibited the enhanced accumulation in the tumor tissues and deep intratumoral penetration...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Dominika Czaplinska, Monika Górska, Kamil Mieczkowski, Grazyna Peszynska-Sularz, Anna J Zaczek, Hanna M Romanska, Rafal Sadej
INTRODUCTION: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), representing over 15% of all breast cancers, has a poorer prognosis than other subtypes. There is no effective targeted treatment available for the TNBC sufferers. Ribosomal S6 kinases (RSKs) have been previously proposed as drug targets for TNBC based on observations that 85% of these tumors express activated RSKs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Herein we examined an involvement of RSK1 (p90 ribosomal S6 kinase 1) in a regulation of TNBC growth and metastatic spread in an animal model, which closely imitates human disease...
March 2, 2018: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
Fan Huang, Jianli Tang, Lian He, Xuezhi Ding, Shaoya Huang, Youming Zhang, Yunjun Sun, Liqiu Xia
BACKGROUND: Syringolin, synthesized by a mixed non-ribosomal peptide synthetase/polyketide synthetase in Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (Pss) B728a, is a novel eukaryotic proteasome inhibitor. Meanwhile, directly modifying large fragments in the PKS/NRPS gene cluster through traditional DNA engineering techniques is very difficult. In this study, we directly cloned the syl gene cluster from Pss B301D-R via Red/ET recombineering to effectively express syringolin in heterologous hosts...
February 26, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
Urip Harahap, Poppy Anjelisa Zaitun Hasibuan, Panal Sitorus, Nur Arfian, Denny Satria
Objective: This study was carried out to investigate the antimigration activity of Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC. in the 4T1 breast cancer cell line. Methods: Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC. fruit powder was extracted by maceration method with n-hexane and ethylacetate solvents. Cytotoxicity and proliferation were assessed using the MTT method and the cell cycle by flow cytometry. In addition, wound healing assays were conducted by a microscopic method, and expression of COX-2 and VEGFR-2 were determined using qRT-PCR...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"