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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350904/nanoplatform-assembled-from-a-cd44-targeted-prodrug-and-smart-liposomes-for-dual-targeting-of-tumor-microenvironment-and-cancer-cells
#1
Yaqi Lv, Chaoran Xu, Xiangmei Zhao, Chenshi Lin, Xin Yang, Xiaofei Xin, Li Zhang, Chao Qin, Xiaopeng Han, Lei Yang, Wei He, Lifang Yin
The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a critical role in tumor initiation, progression, invasion and metastasis. Therefore, a therapy that combines chemotherapeutic drugs with a TME modulator could be a promising route for cancer treatment. This paper reports a nanoplatform self-assembled from a hyaluronic acid (HA)-paclitaxel (PTX) (HA-PTX) prodrug and marimastat (MATT)-loaded thermosensitive liposomes (LTSLs) (MATT-LTSLs) for the dual targeting of the TME and cancer cells. Interestingly, the prodrug HA-PTX can self-assemble on both positively and negatively charged liposomes, forming hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs, 100 nm)...
January 19, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350064/comparison-of-hyaluronic-acid-based-micelles-and-polyethylene-glycol-based-micelles-on-reversal-of-multidrug-resistance-and-enhanced-anticancer-efficacy-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Jinling Wang, Ying Li, Lifang Wang, Xiaohui Wang, Pengfei Tu
Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based block copolymer micelles and hyaluronic acid (HA)-based grafted copolymer micelles have been widely investigated in chemotherapy. In this study, to evaluate the differences among HA-based grafted polymer micelles, PEG-based block polymer micelles and the mixed of these two micelles in enhancing antitumor effects and overcoming MDR, two amphiphilic vitamin E succinate (VES) derivatives, HA VES (HA-g-VES) and PEG 2000 VES (TPGS2k), were applied as nanocarriers to prepare HA-VES micelles (HA-PMs), TPGS2k micelles (TPGS2k-PMs) and the mixed micelles (HA/TPGS2k-PMs) for the co-delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) and curcumin (Cur)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344209/the-effect-of-royal-jelly-on-the-growth-of-breast-cancer-in-mice
#3
Shuang Zhang, Qiqi Shao, Haiyang Geng, Songkun Su
Due to various pharmacological properties, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties, royal jelly (RJ) has been widely consumed in daily diets in numerous countries. In the present study, the effect of RJ on 4T1-bearing mice was investigated. The study was performed by feeding 4T1-bearing mice with RJ using either the prophylactic-therapeutic (PTRJ) or therapeutic (TRJ) method. The experimental results for the PTRJ group demonstrated that the weight of tumor was significantly reduced (RJ 0...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341428/epigenetic-silencing-of-tap1-in-aldefluor-breast-cancer-stem-cells-contributes-to-their-enhanced-immune-evasion
#4
Mohammad Sultan, Dejan Vidovic, Arianne S Paine, Thomas T Huynh, Krysta M Coyle, Margaret L Thomas, Brianne M Cruickshank, Cheryl A Dean, Derek R Clements, Youra Kim, Kristin Lee, Shashi A Gujar, Ian C Weaver, Paola Marcato
Avoiding detection and destruction by immune cells is key for tumor initiation and progression. The important role of cancer stem cells (CSC) in tumor initiation has been well established, yet their ability to evade immune detection and targeting is only partly understood. To investigate the ability of breast CSCs to evade immune detection we identified a highly tumorigenic population in a spontaneous murine mammary tumor based on increased aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. We performed tumor growth studies in immunocompetent and immunocompromised mice...
January 17, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339567/erythrocyte-membrane-coated-gold-nanocages-for-targeted-photothermal-and-chemical-cancer-therapy
#5
Dao-Ming Zhu, Wei Xie, Yu-Sha Xiao, Meng Suo, Ming-Hui Zan, Qing-Quan Liao, Xue-Jia Hu, Li-Ben Chen, Bei Chen, Wen-Tao Wu, Li-Wei Ji, Hui-Ming Huang, Shi-Shang Guo, Xing-Zhong Zhao, Quan-Yan Liu, Wei Liu
Recently, red blood cell (RBC) membrane-coated nanoparticles have attracted much attention because of their excellent immune escapability; meanwhile, gold nanocages (AuNs) have been extensively used for cancer therapy due to their photothermal effect and drug delivery capability. The combination of the RBC membrane coating and AuNs may provide an effective approach for targeted cancer therapy. However, few reports have shown the utilization of combining these two technologies. Here, we design erythrocyte membrane-coated gold nanocages for targeted photothermal and chemical cancer therapy...
January 17, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334189/a-multifunctional-micellar-nanoplatform-with-ph-triggered-cell-penetration-and-nuclear-targeting-for-effective-cancer-therapy-and-inhibition-to-lung-metastasis
#6
Yuting Jing, Xiang Xiong, Yang Ming, Jingya Zhao, Xing Guo, Guang Yang, Shaobing Zhou
The enhancement of cellular internalization and subsequent achievement of a nuclear targeting of nanocarriers play an important role in maximizing the therapeutic potency and minimizing the side effects of encapsulated drugs. Herein, a multifunctional micellar nanoplatform simultaneously with high cell penetration and nuclear targeting through pH-triggered surface charge reversal is presented. The miscellar system is constructed from poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) with 2,3-dimethylmaleic anhydride-Tat decoration (PECL/DA-Tat)...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328648/two-step-synthesis-and-surface-modification-of-caznos-mn2-phosphors-and-the-fabrication-of-a-luminescent-poly-dimethylsiloxane-film
#7
Zihan Xu, Zhiguo Xia, Quanlin Liu
The CaZnOS:Mn2+ (CZOSM) phosphor has been extensively studied for its excellent optical performance, with a typical red emission band peaking at about 580 nm ascribed to the 4T1(4G)-6A1(6S) transition of Mn2+. Herein the CZOSM phosphor was synthesized by a novel two-step method accompanied by control of the morphology of the precursor in the first step followed by sintering in the second step, which demonstrated improved emission intensity and uniform morphology simultaneously compared to those obtained by the traditional solid-state reaction route...
January 12, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328467/aspirin-and-metformin-exhibit-antitumor-activity-in-murine-breast-cancer
#8
Maoyuan Zhao, Yuyi Wang, Chi Du, Yanyang Liu, Nan Zhang, Feng Luo
Studies have shown that aspirin and metformin play important roles in chemoprevention and repression of breast cancers, even though the exact mechanism remains unclear. Aspirin is capable of stimulating apoptosis through prostaglandin-dependent or prostaglandin-independent pathways. Metformin inhibits cell growth by enhancing the tumor suppressive function of transforming growth factor (TGF-β). In the present study, we report a new link between aspirin, metformin, TGF-β1 and murine breast cancer inhibition...
January 4, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327789/imaging-macrophage-distribution-and-density-in-mammary-tumors-and-lung-metastases-using-fluorine-19-mri-cell-tracking
#9
Ashley V Makela, Paula J Foster
PURPOSE: The presence of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) correlates with breast cancer progression and metastatic spread. Metastasis-associated macrophages (MAMs) are also recruited to distant sites, where they support metastatic growth. In this study, we demonstrate that in vivo fluorine-19 (19 F)-based MRI cell tracking can evaluate the density and distribution of macrophages within murine breast cancer tumors and associated metastases. METHODS: Three murine breast cancer cell lines with different metastatic potentials (4T1, 168FARN, and 67NR) were implanted into the mammary fat pad in mice...
January 12, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324341/biotin-conjugated-organic-molecules-and-proteins-for-cancer-therapy-a-review
#10
Santanu Maiti, Priyankar Paira
The main transporter for biotin is sodium dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT), which is overexpressed in various aggressive cancer cell lines such as ovarian (OV 2008, ID8), leukemia (L1210FR), mastocytoma (P815), colon (Colo-26), breast (4T1, JC, MMT06056), renal (RENCA, RD0995), and lung (M109) cancer cell lines. Furthermore, its overexpression was found higher to that of folate receptor. Therefore, biotin demand in the rapidly growing tumors is higher than normal tissues. Several biotin conjugated organic molecules has been reported here for selective delivery of the drug in cancer cell...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323915/resonance-energy-transfer-promoted-photothermal-and-photodynamic-performance-of-gold-copper-sulfide-yolk-shell-nanoparticles-for-chemophototherapy-of-cancer
#11
Yun Chang, Yan Cheng, Yanlin Feng, Hui Jian, Li Wang, Xiaomin Ma, Xi Li, Haiyuan Zhang
Gold (Au) core@void@copper sulfide (CuS) shell (Au-CuS) yolk-shell nanoparticles (YSNPs) were prepared in the present study for potential chemo-, photothermal, and photodynamic combination therapy, so called "chemophototherapy". The resonance energy transfer (RET) process was utilized in Au-CuS YSNPs to achieve both enhanced photothermal and photodynamic performance compared with those of CuS hollow nanoparticles (HNPs). A series of Au nanomaterials as cores that had different localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption peaks at 520, 700, 808, 860, and 980 nm were embedded in CuS HNPs to screen the most effective Au-CuS YSNPs according to the RET process...
January 11, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322294/ticagrelor-inhibits-platelet-tumor-cell-interactions-and-metastasis-in-human-and-murine-breast-cancer
#12
Alison J Gareau, Colin Brien, Simon Gebremeskel, Robert S Liwski, Brent Johnston, Michael Bezuhly
Activated platelets promote the proliferation and metastatic potential of cancer cells. Platelet activation is largely mediated through ADP engagement of purinergic P2Y12 receptors on platelets. We examined the potential of the reversible P2Y12 inhibitor ticagrelor, an agent used clinically to prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, to reduce tumor growth and metastasis. In vitro, MCF-7, MDA-MB-468, and MDA-MB-231 human mammary carcinoma cells exhibited decreased interaction with platelets treated with ticagrelor compared to untreated platelets...
January 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313036/microfluidic-co-culture-devices-to-assess-penetration-of-nanoparticles-into-cancer-cell-mass
#13
Maria Jarvis, Michael Arnold, Jenna Ott, Kapil Pant, Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian, Samir Mitragotri
In vitro and in vivo assessment of safety and efficacy are the essential first steps in developing nanoparticle-based therapeutic systems. However, it is often challenging to use the knowledge gained from in vitro studies to predict the outcome of in vivo studies since the complexity of the in vivo environment, including the existence of flow and a multicellular environment, is often lacking in traditional in vitro models. Here, we describe a microfluidic co-culture model comprising 4T1 breast cancer cells and EA...
September 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312532/secretory-leukocyte-protease-inhibitor-slpi-as-a-potential-target-for-inhibiting-metastasis-of-triple-negative-breast-cancers
#14
Sergey V Kozin, Nir Maimon, Rong Wang, Nisha Gupta, Lance Munn, Rakesh K Jain, Igor Garkavtsev
SLPI has been implicated in the progression and metastasis of certain cancers. However, the effects of SLPI seem to be tumor-specific and the mechanisms remain poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that highly metastatic, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) 4T1 cells secreted more SLPI compared to their non-metastatic counterparts. Furthermore, SLPI secretion directly correlated with spontaneous lung metastasis from 4T1 tumors orthotopically implanted in mice. Consistent with our experimental results, we also found that higher SLPI expression levels correlate with worse clinical outcome in basal/TNBC patients...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299156/inhibition-of-pi4k-iii%C3%AE-radiosensitizes-in-human-tumor-xenograft-and-immune-competent-syngeneic-murine-tumor-model
#15
Younghee Park, Ji Min Park, Dan Hyo Kim, Jeanny Kwon, In Ah Kim
Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4-kinase (PI4K) has emerged as a potential target for anti-cancer treatment. We recently reported that simeprevir, an anti-hepatitis C viral (HCV) agent, radiosensitized diverse human cancer cells by inhibiting PI4K IIIα in vitro. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of simeprevir in an in vivo tumor xenograft model and the mechanism of its interaction. The immune modulatory effect of PI4K IIIα was evaluated in an immune-competent syngeneic murine tumor model...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295954/blockade-of-tnfr2-signaling-enhances-the-immunotherapeutic-effect-of-cpg-odn-in-a-mouse-model-of-colon-cancer
#16
Yingjie Nie, Jiang He, Hidekazu Shirota, Anna L Trivett, De Yang, Dennis M Klinman, Joost J Oppenheim, Xin Chen
Through the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor type II (TNFR2), TNF preferentially activates, expands, and promotes the phenotypic stability of CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells. Those Treg cells that have a high abundance of TNFR2 have the maximal immunosuppressive capacity. We investigated whether targeting TNFR2 could effectively suppress the activity of Treg cells and consequently enhance the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy. We found that, relative to a suboptimal dose of the immunostimulatory Toll-like receptor 9 ligand CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN), the combination of the suboptimal dose of CpG ODN with the TNFR2-blocking antibody M861 more markedly inhibited the growth of subcutaneously grafted mouse CT26 colon tumor cells...
January 2, 2018: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291163/oxygen-self-sufficient-amphiphilic-polypeptide-nanoparticles-encapsulating-bodipy-for-potential-near-infrared-imaging-guided-photodynamic-therapy-at-low-energy
#17
Le Liu, Zheng Ruan, Pan Yuan, Tuanwei Li, Lifeng Yan
Near infrared (NIR) imaging-guided photodynamic therapy (PDT) is remarkable for its high-efficiency in "see and treat" field. However, hypoxia of cancer cell limits PDT dues to the low singlet oxygen yield. Here MnO2 conjugated multifunctional polypeptide nanoparticles encapsulating photosensitizer BODIPY has been prepared via a one-step reaction, which can generate oxygen in cancer cytoplasm where rich of H2O2, following singlet oxygen by photosensitizer under NIR light irradiation. In vitro studies on HepG2 and 4T1 cancer cells revealed that the as-prepared nanoparticles obviously increase the cell suppression rate under hypoxia conditions, even exposed to an extremely low light energy density (25 mW/cm2)...
2018: Nanotheranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288831/silica-based-nanoparticles-are-efficient-delivery-system-for-temoporfin
#18
Brezániová Ingrid, Záruba Kamil, Králová Jarmila, Sinica Alla, Adámková Hana, Ulbrich Pavel, Poučková Pavla, Hrubý Martin, Štěpánek Petr, Král Vladimír
BACKGROUND: Drug targeting using functionalized nanoparticles to advance their transport to the dedicated site became a new standard in novel anticancer methods Anticancer photodynamic therapy also takes benefit from using nanoparticles by means of increasing targeting efficiency and decreased side effect. With this in mind, the silica-based nanoparticles, as drug delivery systems for the second-generation photosensitizer 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(m-hydroxyphenyl) chlorin (temoporfin) were development...
December 27, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283226/synthetic-cells-synthesize-therapeutic-proteins-inside-tumors
#19
Nitzan Krinsky, Maya Kaduri, Assaf Zinger, Janna Shainsky-Roitman, Mor Goldfeder, Itai Benhar, Dov Hershkovitz, Avi Schroeder
Synthetic cells, artificial cell-like particles, capable of autonomously synthesizing RNA and proteins based on a DNA template, are emerging platforms for studying cellular functions and for revealing the origins-of-life. Here, it is shown for the first time that artificial lipid-based vesicles, containing the molecular machinery necessary for transcription and translation, can be used to synthesize anticancer proteins inside tumors. The synthetic cells are engineered as stand-alone systems, sourcing nutrients from their biological microenvironment to trigger protein synthesis...
December 28, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281265/responsive-nanomicellar-theranostic-cages-for-metastatic-breast-cancer
#20
Amrutha Manigandan, Vandhana Handi, Niranjana Sri Sundaramoorthy, Ramya Dhandapani, Janani Radhakrishnan, Swaminathan Sethuraman, Anuradha Subramanian
Precluding the progression of metastasis with early-diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer remains challenging due to lack of targeting specificity with poor diagnostic potential. Herein, an amphipathic chitosan-based targeted nanomicellar theranostics (30-45 nm) comprising doxorubicin-superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles complexes (89.23%) with lower critical micelle concentration (0.1 µg/mL) were developed. Micelles exhibits concentration-based contrast enhancement in MRI (r2 6.27mM-1s-1) and hyperthermia rather than thermal-ablation...
December 27, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
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