keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stress and health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786898/adults-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-alcohol-use-disorder-and-opioid-use-disorder-the-effectiveness-of-modified-prolonged-exposure
#1
Kelly R Peck, Julie A Schumacher, Paul R Stasiewicz, Scott F Coffey
Opioid use disorders (OUDs) are a growing problem in the United States. When OUDs co-occur with problematic drinking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), negative drug-related mental and physical health outcomes may be exacerbated. Thus, it is important to establish whether PTSD treatments with established efficacy for dually diagnosed individuals also demonstrate efficacy in individuals who engage in problematic drinking and concurrent opioid misuse. Adults who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD and alcohol dependence were recruited from a substance use treatment facility and were randomly assigned to receive either modified prolonged exposure (mPE) therapy for PTSD or a non-trauma-focused comparison treatment...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786562/application-of-hepatocyte-like-cells-to-enhance-hepatic-safety-risk-assessment-in-drug-discovery
#2
REVIEW
Dominic P Williams
Hepatic stress and injury from drugs continues to be a major concern within the pharmaceutical industry, leading to preclinical and clinical attrition precautionary warnings and post-market withdrawal of drugs. There is a requirement for more predictive and mechanistically accurate models to aid risk assessment. Primary human hepatocytes, subject to isolation stress, cryopreservation, donor-to-donor variation and a relatively short period of functional capability in two-dimensional cultures, are not suitable for high-throughput screening procedures...
July 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786026/sources-of-medical-student-stress
#4
Krishna Subhash Vyas, Terry D Stratton, Neelkamal S Soares
Background: Key elements in the clinical practice of prevention, health and wellness are best cultivated in medical professionals during undergraduate medical training. This study explores students' self-assessed stress relative to gender, academic expectations, and level of medical training to guide development of targeted wellness interventions. Methods: In early 2012, undergraduate (M1-M4) students in four Southeastern U.S. allopathic medical schools were surveyed about health-related attitudes and behaviors...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785889/effects-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-performance-traits-bone-mineralization-cecal-microbial-composition-cytokines-and-corticosterone-in-laying-hens
#5
F F Yan, G R Murugesan, H W Cheng
Recent researches have showed that probiotics promote bone health in humans and rodents. The objective of this study was to determine if probiotics have the similar effects in laying hens. Ninety-six 60-week-old White Leghorn hens were assigned to four-hen cages based on their BW. The cages were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments: a layer diet mixed with a commercial probiotic product (containing Enterococcus faecium, Pediococcus acidilactici, Bifidobacterium animalis and Lactobacillus reuteri) at 0, 0...
May 22, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785849/dietary-carotenoid-roles-in-redox-homeostasis-and-human-health
#6
Marcelo Paes Barros, Maria J Rodrigo, Lorenzo Zacarias
Classic nutrition believed that healthy diets should simply provide sufficient antioxidant loads to organisms, to hamper free radical processes and avoid oxidative stress. Current redox biology was proven much more intricate. Carotenoids are bioactive compounds in human diet with a multifaceted role in redox metabolism. This review discusses the participation of α/β-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, β-cryptoxanthin, astaxanthin, and derivatives in redox homeostasis focusing on: (i) their anti-/pro-oxidant activities; (ii) control of gene expression via Nrf2-Keap1 and NF-ΚB pathways; and (iii) their link with (sub)cellular redox circuits, as part of the 'redox code' that orchestrates physiological processes and health in humans...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785727/body-composition-profiling-in-the-uk-biobank-imaging-study
#7
Jennifer Linge, Magnus Borga, Janne West, Theresa Tuthill, Melissa R Miller, Alexandra Dumitriu, E Louise Thomas, Thobias Romu, Patrik Tunón, Jimmy D Bell, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the value of imaging-based multivariable body composition profiling by describing its association with coronary heart disease (CHD), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and metabolic health on individual and population levels. METHODS: The first 6,021 participants scanned by UK Biobank were included. Body composition profiles (BCPs) were calculated, including abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), thigh muscle volume, liver fat, and muscle fat infiltration (MFI), determined using magnetic resonance imaging...
May 22, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785706/goal-striving-stress-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-among-participants-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#8
Loretta R Cain, LáShauntá Glover, Bessie Young, Mario Sims
OBJECTIVE: Research that assesses the relationship between psychosocial factors and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among African Americans (AAs) is limited. Using the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohort data, we investigated the association of goal-striving stress (GSS)-the stress experienced from not reaching goals-with prevalent CKD among AAs. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analysis of JHS exam 1 data that assessed the relationship between GSS and CKD. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We utilized a sample from the JHS (n = 4967), an AA sample of women and men, 35-84 years old from the Jackson, MS metro area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785573/effect-of-dietary-soy-oil-glucose-and-glutamine-on-growth-performance-amino-acid-profile-blood-profile-immunity-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-weaned-piglets
#9
Dinghong Lv, Xia Xiong, Huansheng Yang, Meiwei Wang, Yijie He, Yanhong Liu, Yulong Yin
Weaning stress results in gastrointestinal dysfunction and depressed performance in pigs. This study aimed to investigate the effect of soy oil, glucose, and glutamine on the growth and health of weaned piglets. Compared with those in the glutamine group, piglets in the glucose and soy oil groups had greater average daily gain, average daily feed intake, and gain: feed ratio from day 0 to 14, and gain: feed ratio for the overall period. There were no differences with regard to serum amino acids among the three groups on day 14, except glycine and threonine...
May 18, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785259/the-impact-of-multifaceted-osteoporosis-group-education-on-patients-decision-making-regarding-treatment-options-and-lifestyle-changes
#10
Annesofie L Jensen, Gitte Wind, Bente Lomholt Langdahl, Kirsten Lomborg
Introduction: Patients with chronic diseases like osteoporosis constantly have to make decisions related to their disease. Multifaceted osteoporosis group education (GE) may support patients' decision-making. This study investigated multifaceted osteoporosis GE focusing on the impact of GE on patients' decision-making related to treatment options and lifestyle. Material and Methods: An interpretive description design using ethnographic methods was utilized with 14 women and three men diagnosed with osteoporosis who attended multifaceted GE...
2018: Journal of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785194/genus-spondias-a-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-review
#11
REVIEW
Salma Sameh, Eman Al-Sayed, Rola M Labib, Abdel Nasser Singab
It is believed that many degenerative diseases are due to oxidative stress. In view of the limited drugs available for treating degenerative diseases, natural products represent a promising therapeutic strategy in the search for new and effective candidates for treating degenerative diseases. This review focuses on the genus Spondias which is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases. Spondias is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae). This genus comprises 18 species distributed across tropical regions in the world...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785098/sarcopenia-assessment-of-disease-burden-and-strategies-to-improve-outcomes
#12
REVIEW
Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
Life expectancy is increasing worldwide, with a resultant increase in the elderly population. Aging is characterized by the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength - a phenomenon called sarcopenia. Sarcopenia has a complex multifactorial pathogenesis, which involves not only age-related changes in neuromuscular function, muscle protein turnover, and hormone levels and sensitivity, but also a chronic pro-inflammatory state, oxidative stress, and behavioral factors - in particular, nutritional status and degree of physical activity...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784349/monitoring-glucose-calcium-and-magnesium-levels-in-saliva-as-a-non-invasive-analysis-by-sequential-injection-multi-parametric-determination
#13
Ana Machado, Rui Maneiras, Adriano A Bordalo, Raquel B R Mesquita
The use of saliva for diagnose and surveillance of systemic illnesses, and general health has been arousing great interest worldwide, emerging as a highly desirable goal in healthcare. The collection is non-invasive, stress-free, inexpensive, and simple representing a major asset. Glucose, calcium, and magnesium concentration are three major parameters evaluated in clinical context due to their essential role in a wide range of biochemical reactions, and consequently many health disorders. In this work, a spectrophotometric sequential injection method is described for the fast screening of glucose, calcium, and magnesium in saliva samples...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784044/work-stress-prevention-needs-of-employees-and-supervisors
#14
Bo M Havermans, Evelien P M Brouwers, Rianne J A Hoek, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Work stress prevention can reduce health risks for individuals, as well as organisational and societal costs. The success of work stress interventions depends on proper implementation. Failure to take into account the needs of employees and supervisors can hinder intervention implementation. This study aimed to explore employee and supervisor needs regarding organisational work stress prevention. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with employees (n = 7) and supervisors (n = 8) from different sectors, such as the finance, health care, and services industry...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783956/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-and-restraint-stress-induce-changes-on-the-brain-lipid-profile-of-wistar-rats
#15
Jesús Martínez-Sámano, Alan Flores-Poblano, Leticia Verdugo-Díaz, Marco Antonio Juárez-Oropeza, Patricia V Torres-Durán
BACKGROUND: Exposure to electromagnetic fields can affect human health, damaging tissues and cell homeostasis. Stress modulates neuronal responses and composition of brain lipids. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) exposure, restraint stress (RS) or both (RS + ELF-EMF) on lipid profile and lipid peroxidation in Wistar rat brain. METHODS: Twenty-four young male Wistar rats were allocated into four groups: control, RS, ELF-EMF exposure, and RS + ELF-EMF for 21 days...
May 21, 2018: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783794/missed-work-due-to-occupational-illness-among-hispanic-horse-workers
#16
Ashley M Bush, Susan Westneat, Steven R Browning, Jennifer Swanberg
Occupational illnesses are inadequately reported for agriculture, an industry dominated by a vulnerable Hispanic population and high fatal and nonfatal injury rates. Work-related illnesses can contribute to missed work, caused by a combination of personal and work factors, with costs to the individual, employer, and society. To better understand agricultural occupational illnesses, 225 Hispanic horse workers were interviewed via community-based convenience sampling. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and log binomial regression modeling were used to: (1) describe the prevalence of missed work due to work-related illnesses among Hispanic horse workers, (2) examine work-related and personal factors associated with missed work, and (3) identify health symptoms and work-related characteristics potentially associated with missed work...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783109/anti-inflammatory-potential-of-alginic-acid-from-sargassum-horneri-against-urban-aerosol-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-keratinocytes-and-macrophages
#17
I P Shanura Fernando, Thilina U Jayawardena, K K Asanka Sanjeewa, Lei Wang, You-Jin Jeon, Won Woo Lee
The airborne particulate pollutants originating in the deserts of Mongolia and China which becomes contaminated with industrial effluents and traffic emissions while moving with the wind currents towards East Asia has recently become a serious environmental and health issue in the region. They cause asthma, collateral lung tissue damage, oxidative stress, allergic reactions, and inflammation. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effects of alginate extracted from the invasive alga Sargassum horneri (SHA) against fine dust collected from Beijing, China (Chinese fine dust; CFD)...
May 18, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783045/factors-affecting-gene-expression-and-activity-of-heme-and-manganese-dependent-catalases-in-lactobacillus-casei-strains
#18
Annamaria Ricciardi, Rocco Gerardo Ianniello, Eugenio Parente, Teresa Zotta
Catalases reduce oxidative stress by degrading hydrogen peroxide to molecular oxygen and water. The presence of heme-dependent or manganese-dependent catalases was observed for a long time in lactic acid bacteria (LAB) but, to date, knowledge on the factors affecting gene expression and enzymatic functionality are limited to a very few strains. In this study, the effect of atmosphere of incubation (not aerated static growth vs aerated shaken growth) and supplementation with Fe2+ , hemin, Mn2+ or their combinations on the catalase production of respiration-competent strain Lactobacillus casei N87 was evaluated using a 24 factorial design...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782991/beneficial-and-paradoxical-roles-of-selenium-at-nutritional-levels-of-intake-in-healthspan-and-longevity
#19
REVIEW
Li Zhang, Huawei Zeng, Wen-Hsing Cheng
Accumulation of genome and macromolecule damage is a hallmark of aging, age-associated degeneration, and genome instability syndromes. Although processes of aging are irreversible, they can be modulated by genome maintenance pathways and environmental factors such as diet. Selenium (Se) confers its physiological functions mainly through selenoproteins, but Se compounds and other proteins that incorporate Se nonspecifically also impact optimal health. Bruce Ames proposed that the aging process could be mitigated by a subset of low-hierarchy selenoproteins whose levels are preferentially reduced in response to Se deficiency...
May 18, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782639/sudden-cardiac-death-in-athletes-and-the-value-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#20
REVIEW
Sophie I Mavrogeni, Flora Bacopoulou, Despoina Apostolaki, George P Chrousos
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the non-traumatic death, due to loss of heart function that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly within 6 hours of a previously normal state of health. It is related to intense competitive sports promoting ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) in the presence of underlying abnormal substrate. A serial evaluation of cardiac physiologic changes taking place during training will allow the better understanding of athlete's heart and will facilitate its discrimination from other gray-zone cardiomyopathies...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
keyword
keyword
37226
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"