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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329846/daily-well-being-benefits-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-does-time-or-type-matter
#1
Brenda R Whitehead, Jessica M Blaxton
Purpose of the Study: There is little debate that maintaining some level of physical activity in later life conveys positive benefits both physically and psychologically. What is less understood is the extent to which the type of activity or the length of time spent doing it matters when it comes to these benefits on the daily level. Here, we investigated (a) whether the presence of daily purposeful exercise (Exercise) or non-exercise physical activity (Activity) is sufficient for experiencing day-level benefits, or if time spent matters, and (b) whether there are differential well-being benefits of Exercise and Activity on the daily level...
March 8, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329837/associations-across-caregiver-and-care-recipient-symptoms-self-organizing-map-and-meta-analysis
#2
Ari Voutilainen, Nora Ruokostenpohja, Tarja Välimäki
Purpose of the Study: The main objective of this study was to reveal generalizable associations across caregiver burden (CGB), caregiver depression (CGD), care recipient cognitive ability (CRCA), and care recipient behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Design and Methods: Studies published between 2004 and 2014 and reporting CGB and/or CGD together with CRCA and/or BPSD were included. Only 95 out of 1,955 studies provided enough data for data clustering with the Self-Organizing Map (SOM) and 27 of them for meta-analyses based on correlation coefficients...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329807/are-you-sleeping-dyadic-associations-of-support-stress-and-worries-regarding-adult-children-on-sleep
#3
Amber J Seidel, Jeremy B Yorgason, Courtney A Polenick, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Purpose of the study: Sleep is a key factor in maintaining positive health and well-being throughout life. Although the negative outcomes of sleep problems are becoming better understood, less is known about how intergenerational relationships might affect sleep. Thus, this investigation examines the dyadic associations of support for, stress over, and worrying about adult children on sleep quality for husbands and wives. Design and Methods: The sample included 186 heterosexual married couples drawn from the Family Exchanges Study...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329423/does-the-vulnerability-paradox-in-ptsd-apply-to-women-and-men-an-exploratory-study
#4
Michel L A Dückers, Miranda Olff
Recent research suggests that greater country vulnerability is associated with a decreased, rather than increased, risk of mental health problems. Because societal parameters may have gender-specific implications, our objective was to explore whether the "vulnerability paradox" equally applies to women and men. Lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence data for women and men were retrieved from 11 population studies (N = 57,031): conducted in Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Lebanon, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329305/association-between-spousal-suicide-and-mental-physical-and-social-health-outcomes-a-longitudinal-and-nationwide-register-based-study
#5
Annette Erlangsen, Bo Runeson, James M Bolton, Holly C Wilcox, Julie L Forman, Jesper Krogh, M Katherine Shear, Merete Nordentoft, Yeates Conwell
Importance: Bereavement after spousal suicide has been linked to mental disorders; however, a comprehensive assessment of the effect of spousal suicide is needed. Objective: To determine whether bereavement after spousal suicide was linked to an excessive risk of mental, physical, and social health outcomes when compared with the general population and spouses bereaved by other manners. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based cohort study conducted in Denmark of 6...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328736/entrustment-decisions-bringing-the-patient-into-the-assessment-equation
#6
Olle Ten Cate
With the increased interest in the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in undergraduate medical education (UME) and graduate medical education (GME) come questions about the implications for assessment. Entrustment assessment combines the evaluation of learners' knowledge, skills, and behaviors with the evaluation of their readiness to be entrusted to perform critical patient care responsibilities. Patient safety, then, should be an explicit component of educational assessments. The validity of these assessments in the clinical workplace becomes the validity of the entrustment decisions...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328699/a-mindfulness-program-adapted-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-feasibility-acceptability-and-initial-outcomes
#7
Danielle A Ruskin, Michelle M Gagnon, Sara A Kohut, Jennifer N Stinson, Kathryn S Walker
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric chronic pain is a major health issue which can lead to significant interference in daily functioning. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI's), which emphasize acceptance rather than control of pain, have gained increasing attention as a viable treatment option among adults with chronic pain. The effectiveness of MBIs for chronic pain in pediatric populations remains largely unknown. This prospective pre-post interventional study was conducted to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial effectiveness of an 8-week group MBI for adolescents (MBI-A) with chronic pain...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328656/psychological-reactions-social-support-and-coping-styles-in-pakistani-female-burn-survivors
#8
Samreen Idrees, Fayyaz Ahmad Faize, Mubeen Akhtar
This study was aimed to explore the level of psychological distress and posttraumatic stress among female burn survivors in Pakistan. It was also intended to study the kind of social support available to these burn survivors in a society where women right violation is common. The sample consisted of 35 female burn victims selected from two hospitals. General Health Questionnaire, posttraumatic stress disorder Checklist-Specific, and Social Support Scale were used to measure study variables in addition to a short open-ended questionnaire to identify coping strategies of these burn survivors...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328385/a-qualitative-study-exploring-women-s-journeys-to-becoming-smokers-in-the-social-context-of-urban-india
#9
Aarti Nagarkar, Devashri Salvi
In India, the prevalence of smoking among women is increasing, and the reasons behind this are unclear. We aimed to study the factors leading to initiation and maintenance of the smoking habit in women in Pune, India. Twenty-seven urban women-smokers, ranging from 21 to 60 years of age (31.96 ± 10.70 years), were interviewed from September 2015 to February 2016. The in-depth interviews consisted of questions on pre-decided categories, viz., initiation, motivation to continue smoking, and risk perception...
March 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328031/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-antepartum-complications-a-novel-risk-factor-for-gestational-diabetes-and-preeclampsia
#10
Jonathan G Shaw, Steven M Asch, Jodie G Katon, Kate A Shaw, Rachel Kimerling, Susan M Frayne, Ciaran S Phibbs
BACKGROUND: Prior work shows that Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) predicts an increased risk of preterm birth, but the causal pathway(s) are uncertain. We evaluate the associations between PTSD and antepartum complications to explore how PTSD's pathophysiology impacts pregnancy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis of all Veterans Health Administration (VA)-covered deliveries from 2000-12 used the data of VA clinical and administration. Mothers with current PTSD were identified using the ICD-9 diagnostic codes (i...
March 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328011/when-emotional-pain-becomes-physical-adverse-childhood-experiences-pain-and-the-role-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Jennifer R Piazza, Kristopher J Preacher
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and painful medical conditions. We also examined the mediating and moderating roles of mood and anxiety disorders in the ACEs-painful medical conditions relationship. METHOD: Ten-year longitudinal data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS-1, NCS-2; N = 5001). The NCS-1 obtained reports of ACEs, current health conditions, current pain severity, and mood and anxiety disorders...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327877/anxiety-stress-and-depression-in-family-members-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#12
Marianna Sobral Lacerda, Melissa Alves Cirelli, Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite de Barros, Juliana de Lima Lopes
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the level of anxiety, stress and depression symptoms in family members of patients with heart failure; identifying the relationship between these feelings with sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHOD: A cross-sectional study carried out with 100 family members. Depression, anxiety, and stress were evaluated by the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories and the Perceived Stress Scale - 10. The relationship between feelings and variables was performed through the t-test, Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis...
March 20, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327851/-perceptions-on-healthcare-in-people-with-self-identified-mental-health-problems-in-the-rural-areas-of-peru
#13
Javier E Saavedra, Verousckha Uchofen-Herrera
Person-centered health and community health perspectives on its needs and resources are mandatory in healthcare policies in highly cultural diverse contexts. From this point of view, epidemiology needs to be centered not only on the disease, but also on the health diagnosis and its context, including the points of view of people and the community about their problems and needs. This article describes and qualitatively analyzes the views of adults with self-identified mental health disorders (MHD) in rural regions on the coast, highlands, and jungle of Peru, as causal factors, personal resources, and healthcare expectations from health facilities, using the narrative approach of ideographic formulation proposed by the World Psychiatric Association...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327643/anthropogenic-shift-of-planktonic-food-web-structure-in-a-coastal-lagoon-by-freshwater-flow-regulation
#14
Deevesh A Hemraj, A Hossain, Qifeng Ye, Jian G Qin, Sophie C Leterme
Anthropogenic modification of aquatic systems has diverse impacts on food web interactions and ecosystem states. To reverse the adverse effects of modified freshwater flow, adequate management of discharge is required, especially due to higher water requirements and abstractions for human use. Here, we look at the effects of anthropogenically controlled freshwater flow regimes on the planktonic food web of a Ramsar listed coastal lagoon that is under recovery from degradation. Our results show shifts in water quality and plankton community interactions associated to changes in water flow...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327208/practical-report-on-long-term-disaster-mental-health-services-following-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-psychological-and-social-background-of-evacuees-in-sendai-city-in-the-mid-to-long-term-post-disaster-period
#15
Masatsugu Orui, Shuichiro Harada, Mizuho Hayashi
OBJECTIVE: The Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred on March 11, 2011, caused unprecedented damage. To address evacuees' psychosocial issues, our disaster mental health team provided psychosocial support in the form of careful listening and providing information for reconstruction. METHODS: To summarize evacuees' psychosocial issues, we reviewed records of our daily activities and analyzed factors related to continuation or termination of support. Terminated support was defined as the resolution or improvement of psychological issues relative to the time of initial support...
March 22, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327202/patients-perspective-of-disease-and-medication-adherence-for-type-2-diabetes-in-an-urban-area-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-study
#16
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Tuhin Biswas, Faiz A Bhuiyan, Kamrun Mustafa, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: Patients' perspective of diabetes and adherence to its prescribed medications is a significant predictor of glycemic control and overall management of the disease. However, there is a paucity of such information in Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore patients' perspective of diabetes, their experience of taking oral hypoglycemic medications and explore factors that contribute to medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted in-depth face-to-face interviews with 12 type 2 diabetes patients attending a tertiary hospital in Dhaka city between February and March, 2014...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326544/personalized-genetics-of-the-cholinergic-blockade-of-neuroinflammation
#17
REVIEW
Alon Simchovitz, Michael T Heneka, Hermona Soreq
Acetylcholine signaling is essential for cognitive functioning and blocks inflammation. To maintain homeostasis, cholinergic signaling is subjected to multi-leveled and bidirectional regulation by both proteins and non-coding microRNAs ('CholinomiRs'). CholinomiRs coordinate the cognitive and inflammatory aspects of cholinergic signaling by targeting major cholinergic transcripts including the acetylcholine hydrolyzing enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Notably, AChE inhibitors are the only currently approved line of treatment for Alzheimer's disease patients...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326066/beneficial-microorganisms-for-corals-bmc-proposed-mechanisms-for-coral-health-and-resilience
#18
REVIEW
Raquel S Peixoto, Phillipe M Rosado, Deborah Catharine de Assis Leite, Alexandre S Rosado, David G Bourne
The symbiotic association between the coral animal and its endosymbiotic dinoflagellate partner Symbiodinium is central to the success of corals. However, an array of other microorganisms associated with coral (i.e., Bacteria, Archaea, Fungi, and viruses) have a complex and intricate role in maintaining homeostasis between corals and Symbiodinium. Corals are sensitive to shifts in the surrounding environmental conditions. One of the most widely reported responses of coral to stressful environmental conditions is bleaching...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325517/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-20-year-physical-activity-trends-among-women
#19
Ashley Winning, Paola Gilsanz, Karestan C Koenen, Andrea L Roberts, Qixuan Chen, Jennifer A Sumner, Eric B Rimm, M Maria Glymour, Laura D Kubzansky
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with physical inactivity, a modifiable lifestyle factor that contributes to risk of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases; however, no study has evaluated the association between PTSD onset and subsequent physical activity (PA) changes. METHOD: Analyses were conducted between October 2014 and April 2016, using data from the ongoing Nurses' Health Study II (N=50,327). Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms were assessed using two previously validated measures, the Brief Trauma Questionnaire and Short Screening Scale for DSM-IV PTSD...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325368/chagas-disease-diagnostic-applications-present-knowledge-and-future-steps
#20
V Balouz, F Agüero, C A Buscaglia
Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is a lifelong and debilitating illness of major significance throughout Latin America and an emergent threat to global public health. Being a neglected disease, the vast majority of Chagasic patients have limited access to proper diagnosis and treatment, and there is only a marginal investment into R&D for drug and vaccine development. In this context, identification of novel biomarkers able to transcend the current limits of diagnostic methods surfaces as a main priority in Chagas disease applied research...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
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