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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793064/industrial-waste-as-a-source-of-surface-and-groundwater-pollution-for-more-than-half-a-century-in-a-sector-of-the-r%C3%A3-o-de-la-plata-coastal-plain-argentina
#1
Lucía Santucci, Eleonora Carol, Carolina Tanjal
Environmental liabilities have become one of the most important problems of the last years, especially those of contaminated sites located in urban areas which have been abandoned by pollution intensive industries. Such sites may contain hazardous materials that pose risks to human health and the environment. Industrial waste from the ancient sulfuric acid industry is scattered in a local area at the petrochemical pole in a sector of the Río de la Plata coastal plain. The aim of this work is to define the geochemical processes that determine the alteration of waste in the old sulfuric acid industry (OSAI) area and to study the migration of soluble pollutants to groundwater...
May 14, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793036/breast-cancer-and-ovarian-tissue-cryopreservation-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Audrey Fleury, Olivier Pirello, Christine Maugard, Carole Mathelin, Christelle Linck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792737/assessing-the-recall-rate-for-screening-mammography-comparing-the-medicare-hospital-compare-dataset-with-the-national-mammography-database
#3
Cindy S Lee, Carol Parise, Judy Burleson, David Seidenwurm
OBJECTIVE: High-quality screening mammography has been shown to substantially reduce mortality from breast cancer. Recall rate is a principal performance metric for screening mammography because it directly relates to the rate of false-positive examinations. This study aims to compare the recall rate derived using two sources-the claims-based Hospital Compare (HC) dataset from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services versus the National Mammography Database (NMD) from the American College of Radiology-to understand the implications in pay-for-performance and quality improvement activities...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790987/structural-accommodations-accompanying-splicing-of-a-group-ii-intron-rnp
#4
Xiaolong Dong, Srivathsan Ranganathan, Guosheng Qu, Carol Lyn Piazza, Marlene Belfort
Group II introns, the putative progenitors of spliceosomal introns and retrotransposons, are ribozymes that are capable of self-splicing and DNA invasion. In the cell, group II introns form ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes with an intron-encoded protein, which is essential to folding, splicing and retromobility of the intron. To understand the structural accommodations underlying splicing, in preparation for retromobility, we probed the endogenously expressed Lactococcus lactis Ll.LtrB group II intron RNP using SHAPE...
May 22, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790940/pycotools-a-python-toolbox-for-copasi
#5
Ciaran M Welsh, Nicola Fullard, Carole J Proctor, Alvaro Martinez-Guimera, Robert J Isfort, Charles C Bascom, Ryan Tasseff, Stefan A Przyborski, Daryl P Shanley
Motivation: COPASI is an open source software package for constructing, simulating and analysing dynamic models of biochemical networks. COPASI is primarily intended to be used with a graphical user interface but often it is desirable to be able to access COPASI features programmatically, with a high level interface. Results: PyCoTools is a Python package aimed at providing a high level interface to COPASI tasks with an emphasis on model calibration. PyCoTools enables the construction of COPASI models and the execution of a subset of COPASI tasks including time courses, parameter scans and parameter estimations...
May 22, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789953/update-on-tick-borne-bacterial-diseases-in-travelers
#6
REVIEW
Carole Eldin, Philippe Parola
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ticks are the second most important vectors of infectious diseases after mosquitoes worldwide. The growth of international tourism including in rural and remote places increasingly exposes travelers to tick bite. Our aim was to review the main tick-borne infectious diseases reported in travelers in the past 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, tick-borne bacterial diseases have emerged in travelers including spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses, borrelioses, and diseases caused by bacteria of the Anaplasmataceae family...
May 22, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789127/maternal-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-dietary-supply-modulates-microglia-lipid-content-in-the-offspring
#7
Charlotte Rey, Agnès Nadjar, Florent Joffre, Camille Amadieu, Agnès Aubert, Carole Vaysse, Véronique Pallet, Sophie Layé, Corinne Joffre
The brain is highly enriched in long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) that are esterified into phospholipids, the major components of cell membranes. They accumulate during the perinatal period when the brain is rapidly developing. Hence, the levels of LC-PUFAs in the brains of the offspring greatly depend on maternal dietary intake. Perinatal n-3 PUFA consumption has been suggested to modulate the activity of microglial cells, the brain's innate immune cells which contribute to the shaping of neuronal network during development...
June 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787957/prolonged-performance-related-neuroendocrine-activation-and-perseverative-cognition-in-low-and-high-anxious-university-music-students
#8
Patrick Gomez, Carole Nielsen, Regina K Studer, Horst Hildebrandt, Petra L Klumb, Urs M Nater, Pascal Wild, Brigitta Danuser
Music performances are social-evaluative situations that can elicit marked short-term neuroendocrine activation and anxious thoughts especially in musicians suffering from music performance anxiety (MPA). The temporal patterns of neuroendocrine activity and concert-related worry and rumination (perseverative cognition, PC) days before and after a concert in low- and high-anxious musicians are unknown. The first goal of the present study was to investigate the prolonged effects of a solo music performance and the effects of trait MPA on salivary cortisol (sC), alpha-amylase (sAA), and concert-related PC...
May 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787887/human-pegivirus-persistence-in-the-human-blood-virome-after-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Diem-Lan Vu, Samuel Cordey, Federico Simonetta, Francisco Brito, Mylène Docquier, Lara Turin, Christian van Delden, Elsa Boely, Carole Dantin, Amandine Pradier, Eddy Roosnek, Yves Chalandon, Evgeny M Zdobnov, Stavroula Masouridi-Levrat, Laurent Kaiser
OBJECTIVES: As commensal viruses are defined by the immunological tolerance afforded to them, any immunomodulation, such as is received during haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, may shift the demarcation between innocuous viral resident and disease-causing pathogen. METHODS: We analysed by deep-sequencing the plasma virome of 40 allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) patients 1 month post-transplantation. As human pegivirus (HPgV) was highly prevalent, we performed a one-year screening of 122 plasma samples by specific rRT-PCR assay...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787301/innovative-surgical-treatment-of-severe-cherubism
#10
Ji H Son, Danielle C Marshall, Manish Valiathan, Todd Otteson, Gerald Ferretti, Paula A Grigorian, Carol Rosen, Devra Becker, David Rowe, Hooman Soltanian, Gregory Lakin
BACKGROUND: Cherubism is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by excessive bilateral maxillomandibular bony degeneration and fibrous tissue hyperplasia. Conservative management is the preferred treatment as cherubism has a self-limiting course. Functional or emotional disturbances may, however, demand surgical intervention. We report a patient who underwent surgical intervention. Method/Description: He had significant enlargement of lower cheeks and bilateral lower lid scleral show...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786503/relationships-between-theoretically-derived-short-term-outcomes-and-support-for-policy-among-the-public-and-decision-makers
#11
Carol L Schmitt, Laurel Curry, Vanessa Boudewyns, Pamela A Williams, LaShawn Glasgow, Deanna Van Hersh, Jeffrey Willett, Todd Rogers
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Policy change is a lengthy and complex process. Thus, it is important to articulate hypothesized causal pathways between advocacy activities and policy change outcomes and to identify and monitor early indicators of progress toward policy change. INTERVENTION APPROACH: The Kansas Health Foundation supports grantee efforts to address the public health effects of obesity through evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental change interventions...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785980/transformation-of-nevus-to-melanoma-or-not
#12
Michael D Yu, Carol L Shields
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783177/evaluating-long-term-patterns-of-decreasing-groundwater-discharge-through-a-lake-bottom-permeable-reactive-barrier
#13
Timothy D McCobb, Martin A Briggs, Denis R LeBlanc, Frederick D Day-Lewis, Carole D Johnson
Identifying and quantifying groundwater exchange is critical when considering contaminant fate and transport at the groundwater/surface-water interface. In this paper, areally distributed temperature and point seepage measurements are used to efficiently assess spatial and temporal groundwater discharge patterns through a glacial-kettle lakebed area containing a zero-valent iron permeable reactive barrier (PRB). Concern was that the PRB was becoming less permeable with time owing to biogeochemical processes within the PRB...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782799/highly-efficient-perovskite-solar-cells-with-gradient-bilayer-electron-transport-materials
#14
Xiu Gong, Qiang Sun, Shuangshuang Liu, Peizhe Liao, Yan Shen, Carole Graetzel, Shaik Mohammed Zakeeruddin, Michael Grätzel, Mingkui Wang
Electron transport layers (ETLs) with suitable energy level alignment for facilitating charge carrier transport as well as electron extraction are essential for planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells (PSCs) to achieve high open-circuit voltage (VOC) and short-circuit current. Herein we systematically investigate band offset between ETL and perovskite absorber by tuning F doping level in SnO2 nanocrystal. We demonstrate that gradual substitution of F- into the SnO2 ETL can effectively reduce the band offset and result in a substantial increase in device VOC...
May 21, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782317/dementia-research-populations-progress-problems-and-predictions
#15
Sally Hunter, Nadja Smailagic, Carol Brayne
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a clinicopathologically defined syndrome leading to cognitive impairment. Following the recent failures of amyloid-based randomized controlled trials to change the course of AD, there are growing calls for a re-evaluation of basic AD research. Epidemiology offers one approach to integrating the available evidence. Here we examine relationships between evidence from population-based, clinicopathological studies of brain aging and a range of hypotheses from all areas of AD research...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782068/comparison-of-outcomes-following-culture-directed-vs-non-culture-directed-antibiotics-in-treatment-of-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#16
Carol H Yan, Navarat Tangbumrungtham, Ximena A Maul, Yifei Ma, Jayakar V Nayak, Peter H Hwang, Zara M Patel
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbations in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are often treated with courses of systemic antibiotics. Poor correlation between microbiologic culture results and the sinus microbiome in CRS has caused increased debate as to the relevance of culture-directed antibiotics. There is currently sparse data comparing outcomes of culture-directed antibiotics vs non-culture-directed antibiotics for treatment of CRS. METHODS: This work reports a retrospective review...
May 21, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782037/multiloculated-solitary-unicameral-bone-cyst-in-a-young-dog
#17
Sarah C Roode, Heather R Shive, Willemijn Hoorntje, Jennifer Bernard, Devorah M Stowe, Roy R Pool, Carol B Grindem
A 20-month-old female spayed Staffordshire Terrier (22.3 kg) presented to the Orthopedic Surgery Service at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of a 6-week history of toe-touching to nonweight-bearing lameness in the right hind limb. Radiographs of the right stifle revealed a multiloculated lytic lesion of the distal femur, with a large open lytic zone centrally, numerous osseous septations peripherally, and focal areas of cortical thinning and loss. An aspirate of the right distal femoral lesion yielded mildly cloudy serosanguineous fluid...
May 21, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781169/effects-of-urbanization-on-the-population-structure-of-freshwater-turtles-across-the-united-states
#18
David R Bowne, Bradley J Cosentino, Laurel J Anderson, Christopher P Bloch, Sandra Cooke, Patrick W Crumrine, Jason Dallas, Alexandra Doran, Jerald J Dosch, Daniel L Druckenbrod, Richard D Durtsche, Danielle Garneau, Kristen S Genet, Todd S Fredericksen, Peter A Kish, Mary Beth Kolozsvary, Frank T Kuserk, Erin S Lindquist, Carol Mankiewicz, James G March, Timothy J Muir, K Greg Murray, Madeline N Santulli, Frank J Sicignano, Peter D Smallwood, Rebecca A Urban, Kathy Winnett-Murray, Craig R Zimmermann
Landscape-scale alterations that accompany urbanization may negatively affect the population structure of wildlife species such as freshwater turtles. Changes to nesting sites and higher mortality rates due to vehicular collisions and increased predator populations may particularly affect immature turtles and mature female turtles. We hypothesized that the proportions of adult female and immature turtles in a population will negatively correlate with landscape urbanization. As a collaborative effort of the Ecological Research as Education Network (EREN), we sampled freshwater turtle populations in 11 states across the central and eastern United States...
May 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780310/mobile-software-as-a-medical-device-samd-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-development-of-digital-therapeutics-comprising-behavioral-and-music-based-interventions-for-neurological-disorders
#19
Pegah Afra, Carol S Bruggers, Matthew Sweney, Lilly Fagatele, Fareeha Alavi, Michael Greenwald, Merodean Huntsman, Khanhly Nguyen, Jeremiah K Jones, David Shantz, Grzegorz Bulaj
Digital health technologies for people with epilepsy (PWE) include internet-based resources and mobile apps for seizure management. Since non-pharmacological interventions, such as listening to specific Mozart's compositions, cognitive therapy, psychosocial and educational interventions were shown to reduce epileptic seizures, these modalities can be integrated into mobile software and delivered by mobile medical apps as digital therapeutics. Herein, we describe: (1) a survey study among PWE about preferences to use mobile software for seizure control, (2) a rationale for developing digital therapies for epilepsy, (3) creation of proof-of-concept mobile software intended for use as an adjunct digital therapeutic to reduce seizures, and (4) broader applications of digital therapeutics for the treatment of epilepsy and other chronic disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779929/prescription-medication-use-and-antinuclear-antibodies-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#20
Gregg E Dinse, Christine G Parks, Helen C S Meier, Caroll A Co, Edward K L Chan, Todd A Jusko, James Yeh, Frederick W Miller
BACKGROUND: Clinical reports link specific medications with the development of antinuclear antibodies (ANA), but population-based evidence is limited. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated associations between prescription medication use and ANA in a representative sample of the adult noninstitutionalized US population, first focusing on medications previously related to ANA and then considering all medications reported in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
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