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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141057/lasers-light-and-the-treatment-of-acne-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#1
Lana X Tong, Jeremy A Brauer
INTRODUCTION: Acne vulgaris is common dermatologic condition with an estimated prevalence of 70 to 87%. Acne has been shown to have a significant impact on patient quality of life and mental health, especially as inflammatory lesions typically occur on cosmetically sensitive areas with the potential for permanent scarring. There have been numerous advances in the treatment of inflammatory acne with light-based and laser devices. OBJECTIVE: To review the current evidence for light-based and laser treatments in the management of inflammatory acne...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140537/using-normal-and-high-pulse-coverage-with-picosecond-laser-treatment-of-wrinkles-and-acne-scarring-long-term-clinical-observations
#2
Christine Dierickx
OBJECTIVE: The picosecond 755 nm alexandrite laser using a diffractive lens array has demonstrated consistent clinical efficacy for improving the appearance of acne scarring and wrinkles amongst other benefits. This small pilot study is to assess the difference, if any, in clinical benefit if a higher than the standard protocol for number of pulses delivered to a tissue area is used compared to the standard protocol guidelines. METHOD: Seven subjects received treatment to one side of the face with a standard protocol number of laser pulses with the other side of the face receiving higher than standard number of pulses from the same 755 nm picosecond laser using an additional diffractive lens array...
November 15, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131127/pleiotropic-effects-of-white-willow-bark-and-1-2-decanediol-on-human-adult-keratinocytes
#3
Eleonora Bassino, Franco Gasparri, Luca Munaron
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common skin defect, usually occurring during adolescence, but often it can persist in adults leaving permanent face scarring. Acne is usually treated with topical drugs, oral antibiotics, retinoids, and hormonal therapies, but medicinal plants are increasingly employed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective role of white willow bark (WWB) and 1,2-decanediol (DD) on the damage caused by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on human adult keratinocytes (HaCaT)...
November 8, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108540/cosmetic-concerns-among-ethnic-men
#4
REVIEW
Michelle Henry
Men of all races are currently more open to requesting and undergoing treatments for a plethora of cosmetic concerns. Among the most common goals are procedures that combat the signs of aging, rejuvenate the skin, even out the color tone, address textural issues such as acne scarring, and improve hair disorders. Given the differences in cultural ideals and anatomic/physiologic differences in ethnic skin, it is important for physicians to be aware and sensitive to the nuances required when providing consultation and treating non-Caucasian men...
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072375/efficacy-of-microneedling-with-70-glycolic-acid-peel-vs-microneedling-alone-in-treatment-of-atrophic-acne-scars-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Shiwangi Rana, Vibhu Mendiratta, Ram Chander
BACKGROUND: Microneedling with dermaroller and glycolic acid peels is commonly used for treatment of acne scars. OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy of microneedling alone versus combination of microneedling with serial 70% glycolic acid peel in management of atrophic acne scars. METHODS & MATERIALS: Sixty patients with atrophic acne scars were randomized into group 1 receiving microneedling at 0, 6, and 12 weeks and group 2 receiving microneedling at 0, 6, and 12 weeks along with 70% glycolic acid peel at 3, 9, and 15 weeks...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064982/lasers-and-energy-based-devices-in-men
#6
REVIEW
Milène K Crispin, George J Hruza, Suzanne L Kilmer
BACKGROUND: The demand for cosmetic treatments with lasers and energy-based devices has increased among men, but there is a dearth of literature that addresses the approach and treatment of cosmetic male patients. OBJECTIVE: To summarize common cosmetic concerns for which male patients seek cosmetic treatments and to provide sex-specific recommendations for the lasers and energy-based devices that can be used for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a literature search using the PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases using the search terms male, men, gender, and cosmetic dermatology...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055383/use-of-polymethylmethacrylate-pmma-microspheres-collagen-to-treat-atrophic-acne-scars
#7
Qin Xiang Ng, Shawn Shao Hong Koh, Dongju Shin, Michelle Lee Zhi Qing De Deyn, Collin Yih Xian Ho
Acne scarring is a common and persistent sequela affecting many individuals worldwide, with significant physical and long-lasting psychological effects. Currently, the treatment options available for acne scars are mostly invasive and have several side effects. This paper explores the possibility of using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) collagen microspheres, a relatively underexplored technique hitherto, to treat common atrophic scars. PMMA-collagen is more popularly used in injectable wrinkle fillers. Preliminary research has shown that PMMA-collagen has a beneficial effect on atrophic scars while having the added advantage of being safe, tolerable and minimally invasive as well...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034138/testosterone-pellet-associated-dermatitis-report-and-review-of-testopel-related-cutaneous-adverse-effects
#8
Lucas A Heldt Manica, Philip R Cohen
Testosterone replacement therapy is a treatment utilized for male hypogonadism. A subcutaneous testosterone pellet is a long-acting, slow-release delivery system that can be utilized as androgen replacement therapy. A 77-year-old man who was treated with testosterone pellets developed dermatitis consisting of erythematous plaques and patches on both buttocks and thighs within 28 days following the subcutaneous insertion of testosterone pellets. The skin lesions rapidly resolved with high-potency topical corticosteroid application...
August 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020479/silicone-gel-enhances-the-efficacy-of-er-yag-laser-treatment-for-atrophic-acne-scars-a-randomized-split-face-evaluator-blinded-placebo-controlled-comparative-trial
#9
Jenvajee Khamthara, Chanat Kumtornrut, Korbkarn Pongpairoj, Pravit Asawanonda
BACKGROUND: The effect of topical silicone gel has been studied to prevent scars from burn, post operative wound and to treat hypertrophic scars. No previous studies have been done to evaluate the efficacy of topical silicone gel on atrophic acne scars. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen patients were treated with 3 sessions of ablative Er:YAG laser with 1-month intervals. Following each laser treatment, the randomly-assigned silicone gel or placebo were applied in split-face manner...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016541/a-novel-treatment-of-acne-keloidalis-nuchae-by-long-pulsed-alexandrite-laser
#10
Abeer Tawfik, Mai Abdelraouf Osman, Iman Rashwan
BACKGROUND: Acne keloidalis nuchae (AKN) is a dermatological condition characterized by follicular-based papules and pustules that later form hypertrophic or keloid-like scars. Laser-assisted hair reduction such as 810-nm diode laser and 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser have been used for treating AKN with promising results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of alexandrite laser in the treatment of different lesions of AKN. METHODS: Seventeen male patients with AKN received 6 sessions of 755-nm alexandrite laser...
October 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993016/-cosmetics-and-topical-medications-in-acne-where-is-the-boundary
#11
F Poli, J-P Claudel, N Auffret, M-T Leccia, B Dréno
Acne is a chronic disease that may cause sequels such as atrophic or hypertrophic scars or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Topical and systemic medications with proven pharmacologic activity and which have received marketing authorization are the key actors in the treatment of acne. However, these topical or systemic treatments frequently cause adverse effects related to impairment of the skin barrier, and cosmetics must therefore be used in combination to help protect the skin barrier. Nowadays, new cosmetic products containing active ingredients tested in vitro or in a small number of subjects have changed the world of cosmetics...
October 6, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979657/nonablative-fractional-laser-resurfacing-in-skin-of-color-evidence-based-review
#12
REVIEW
Shivani B Kaushik, Andrew F Alexis
Background: Nonablative laser resurfacing represents one of the major advances in procedural dermatology over the past decade. However, its use in darker skin types is limited by safety concerns and a relative lack of available data. Aim: To provide evidence-based recommendations for the use of fractional lasers in darker skin types. Evidence review: A broad literature search of PubMed/Medline database was conducted in April 2016 using the term fractional lasers. A free text search of keywords including fractional resurfacing, nonablative lasers, skin type, skin of color, ethnic skin, Fitzpatrick skin type, Asian skin, African Americans, Afro-Caribbean, and Hispanics was also executed...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960395/treatment-of-acne-scarring-with-a-novel-fractionated-dual-wavelength-picosecond-domain-laser-incorporating-a-novel-holographic-beam-splitter
#13
Eric F Bernstein, Kevin T Schomacker, Lisa D Basilavecchio, Jessica M Plugis, Jayant D Bhawalkar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fractional treatment with a dual wavelength 1,064 and 532 nm picosecond-domain laser, delivering a 10 × 10 array of highly focused beamlets via a holographic optic, was investigated for the treatment of acne scars. STUDY: Twenty-seven of 31 subjects completed the study, 19 were treated using 1,064 nm and 8 were treated at 532 nm, all having four-monthly treatments. Blinded evaluation of digital images by three physician evaluators comparing pre- and 3-month post-treatment images measured efficacy using a 10-point scale...
November 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922374/fractional-laser-exposure-induces-neutrophil-infiltration-n1-phenotype-into-the-tumor-and-stimulates-systemic-anti-tumor-immune-response
#14
Masayoshi Kawakubo, Shadmehr Demehri, Dieter Manstein
BACKGROUND: Ablative fractional photothermolysis (aFP) using a CO2 laser generates multiple small diameter tissue lesions within the irradiation field. aFP is commonly used for a wide variety of dermatological indications, including treatment of photodamaged skin and dyschromia, drug delivery and modification of scars due to acne, surgical procedures and burns. In this study we explore the utility of aFP for treating oncological indications, including induction of local tumor regression and inducing anti-tumor immunity, which is in marked contrast to current indications of aFP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920474/the-state-of-ethnic-dermatology-in-canada
#15
Boluwaji Ogunyemi, Yvette Miller-Monthrope
Approximately 30% of Canadians will be members of a visible minority by 2031. When dermatology became an independent medical discipline in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, most residents of Canada and the United States were of Northern European descent. Morphology and descriptions of dermatoses are based on patients with light skin. Skin of colour dermatology refers to a unique field in dermatology dedicated to the diagnosis and management of disorders that are more prevalent in patients with moderately to richly pigmented skin...
September 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902026/chemical-peels-indications-and-special-considerations-for-the-male-patient
#16
REVIEW
Jeave Reserva, Amanda Champlain, Seaver L Soon, Rebecca Tung
BACKGROUND: Chemical peels are a mainstay of aesthetic medicine and an increasingly popular cosmetic procedure performed in men. OBJECTIVE: To review the indications for chemical peels with an emphasis on performing this procedure in male patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of the English PubMed/MEDLINE literature and specialty texts in cosmetic dermatology, oculoplastic, and facial aesthetic surgery regarding sex-specific use of chemical peels in men...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894992/fractional-carbon-dioxide-laser-for-the-treatment-of-facial-atrophic-acne-scars-prospective-clinical-trial-with-short-and-long-term-evaluation
#17
Gonca Elcin, Basak Yalici-Armagan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fractional carbon dioxide laser for the treatment of acne scars. Thirty-one participants, 15 female and 16 male, whose mean age was 34.84 ± 10.94 years, were included in this prospective study. The study took place between 2012 and 2016. Participants were evaluated with the "ECCA Grading Scale" before the first session, 3 months (short-term evaluation) and 3 years after the last session (long-term evaluation). Participants received two or three treatment sessions at 4-week intervals, with a 10,600 nm fractional carbon dioxide laser with pulse energies ranging between 100 and 160 mJ, 120 spot type, 75-100 spot/cm(2) density, and 30 W power...
December 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891036/acne-scars-how-do-we-grade-them
#18
Ashley K Clark, Suzana Saric, Raja K Sivamani
Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that can lead to permanent scarring. Although grading scales exist for acne scarring, there are many limitations, and there is still a need for a well validated gold standard scale for use in clinical practice or research trials. An objective measure of scar severity should be a component of global acne severity evaluations. This manuscript reviews currently available acne scar grading modalities: lesion counting; subjective self-assessment; Acne Scar Rating Scale (ASRS); evaluator-based qualitative and quantitative scarring grading systems; Echelle d'Evaluation Clinique des Cicatrices d'acne (ECCA); Global Scale for Acne Scar Severity (SCAR-S); and imaging...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857716/chronic-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus-presenting-as-atypical-acneiform-and-comedonal-plaque-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
M L Vieira, E R M C Marques, Y L A Leda, L F Noriega, D L Bet, G A A M Pereira
Introduction Chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE) usually presents as characteristic erythematous patches and infiltrated coin-shaped plaques. However, there are some atypical clinical variants that may mimic other dermatological conditions. Haroon et al. reported in 1972 an unusual presentation of CCLE with hypertrophic follicular scars seen in acne vulgaris. Acneiform presentation is one of the most rarely reported and one of the most confusing, as it resembles a very common inflammatory skin disease...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857398/predictive-value-of-serum-markers-for-postacne-scarring
#20
Abdel Aziz El-Taweel, Rehab Mohammed Salem, Ola S El-Shimi
BACKGROUND: Postacne scarring is the main concern of many acne patients. Predicting the liability to scarring can alter the management protocols and help in preventing such disfigurement. METHODS: Sixty patients with moderate to severe acne vulgaris (according to Global Acne Grading system) were included, only 35 of them had postacne scars. A quantitative latex agglutination commercial kit was used to assess serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration by turbidimetry, while serum hepcidin concentration was assessed by a commercially available double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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