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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784340/quantitative-study-of-the-mineralogical-composition-of-mineral-dust-aerosols-by-x-ray-diffraction
#1
Sophie Nowak, Sandra Lafon, Sandrine Caquineau, Emilie Journet, Benoit Laurent
Mineral dust aerosols, produced by wind erosion in arid regions and semi-arid surfaces, are important components of the atmosphere that affect the Earth radiative budget, atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical cycles. Dust aerosol particles are composed of a complex mixture of various minerals, mainly clays, calcite, quartz, feldspars and iron oxides. The nature and the relative abundance of the minerals are key parameters to evaluate mineral dust environmental impacts. Strong limitations remain to quantify the mineralogical composition of dust particles, mainly due to the low mass of in-situ collected dust particle samples...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780668/impact-of-front-range-sources-on-reactive-nitrogen-concentrations-and-deposition-in-rocky-mountain-national-park
#2
Katherine B Benedict, Anthony J Prenni, Amy P Sullivan, Ashley R Evanoski-Cole, Emily V Fischer, Sara Callahan, Barkley C Sive, Yong Zhou, Bret A Schichtel, Jeffrey L Collett
Human influenced atmospheric reactive nitrogen (RN) is impacting ecosystems in Rocky Mountain National Park (ROMO). Due to ROMO's protected status as a Class 1 area, these changes are concerning, and improving our understanding of the contributions of different types of RN and their sources is important for reducing impacts in ROMO. In July-August 2014 the most comprehensive measurements (to date) of RN were made in ROMO during the Front Range Air Pollution and Photochemistry Éxperiment (FRAPPÉ). Measurements included peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), C1 -C5 alkyl nitrates, and high-time resolution NOx , NOy , and ammonia...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780445/a-comparison-of-simulated-and-field-derived-leaf-area-index-lai-and-canopy-height-values-from-four-forest-complexes-in-the-southeastern-usa
#3
John S Iiames, Ellen Cooter, Donna Schwede, Jimmy Williams
Vegetative leaf area is a critical input to models that simulate human and ecosystem exposure to atmospheric pollutants. Leaf area index (LAI) can be measured in the field or numerically simulated, but all contain some inherent uncertainty that is passed to the exposure assessments that use them. LAI estimates for minimally managed or natural forest stands can be particularly difficult to develop as a result of interspecies competition, age and spatial distribution. Satellite-based LAI estimates hold promise for retrospective analyses, but we must continue to rely on numerical models for alternative management analysis...
2018: Forests
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779962/implementation-of-drug-eluting-stents-for-the-treatment-of-femoropopliteal-disease-provides-significant-cost-to-system-savings-in-a-single-state-outpatient-simulation
#4
Natalie Domenick Sridharan, Nathan Liang, Darve Robinson, Efthymios Avgerinos, Edith Tzeng, Michel S Makaroun, Rabih A Chaer, Mohammad H Eslami
OBJECTIVES: Initial data on drug-eluting stents (DES) shows that they may increase the durability of endovascular treatment of superficial femoral artery disease compared with traditional bare metal stents (BMS). Observed decreased target lesion revascularization (TLR) rates have potential for cost savings despite an increased initial cost. The purpose of this study was to run a simulation model of progressive transition from BMS to DES over 5 years evaluating the overall cost impact of that transition...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778266/estimation-of-hepatitis-c-disease-burden-and-budget-impact-of-treatment-using-health-economic-modeling
#5
REVIEW
Jagpreet Chhatwal, Qiushi Chen, Rakesh Aggarwal
Oral direct-acting antiviral agents have revolutionized treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Nonetheless, barriers exist to elimination of HCV as a public health threat including low uptake of treatment, limited budget allocations for HCV treatment, and low awareness rates of HCV status among infected people. Mathematical modeling provides a systematic framework to analyze and compare potential solutions and elimination strategies by simulating the HCV epidemic under different conditions. Such models evaluate impact of interventions in advance of implementation...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774443/science-based-approach-for-credible-accounting-of-mitigation-in-managed-forests
#6
Giacomo Grassi, Roberto Pilli, Jo House, Sandro Federici, Werner A Kurz
BACKGROUND: The credibility and effectiveness of country climate targets under the Paris Agreement requires that, in all greenhouse gas (GHG) sectors, the accounted mitigation outcomes reflect genuine deviations from the type and magnitude of activities generating emissions in the base year or baseline. This is challenging for the forestry sector, as the future net emissions can change irrespective of actual management activities, because of age-related stand dynamics resulting from past management and natural disturbances...
May 17, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773965/funds-allocation-in-npos-the-role-of-administrative-cost-ratios
#7
Christian Burkart, Tina Wakolbinger, Fuminori Toyasaki
Performance measurement of Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) is of increasing importance for aid agencies, policy-makers and donors. A widely used benchmark for measuring the efficiency of NPOs is the overhead cost ratio, consisting of the total money spent on administration and fundraising relative to the budget. Donors generally favor a lower overhead cost ratio as it ensures that more money directly reaches beneficiaries. Unlike fundraising expenses, administrative costs do not contribute to advertising the actions of an NPO even though they account for a significant proportion of overhead cost...
2018: Central European Journal of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770443/the-impact-of-policy-incentives-on-long-term-care-insurance-and-medicaid-costs-does-underwriting-matter
#8
Portia Y Cornell, David C Grabwoski
OBJECTIVE: To test whether underwriting modifies the effect of state-based incentives on individuals' purchase of long-term care insurance. DATA SOURCE: Health and Retirement Study (HRS), 1996-2012. STUDY DESIGN: We estimated difference-in-difference regression models with an interaction of state policy indicators with individuals' probabilities of being approved for long-term care insurance. DATA EXTRACTION: We imputed probabilities of underwriting approval for respondents in the HRS using a model developed with underwriting decisions from two U...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764107/the-global-health-policies-of-the-eu-and-its-member-states-a-common-vision
#9
Lies Steurs, Remco Van de Pas, Sarah Delputte, Jan Orbie
BACKGROUND: This article assesses the global health policies of the European Union (EU) and those of its individual member states. So far EU and public health scholars have paid little heed to this, despite the large budgets involved in this area. While the European Commission has attempted to define the 'EU role in Global Health' in 2010, member states are active in the domain of global health as well. Therefore, this article raises the question to what extent a common 'EU' vision on global health exists...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764105/what-factors-do-allied-health-take-into-account-when-making-resource-allocation-decisions
#10
Haylee Lane, Tamica Sturgess, Kathleen Philip, Donna Markham, Jennifer Martin, Jill Walsh, Wendy Hubbard, Terry Haines
BACKGROUND: Allied health comprises multiple professional groups including dietetics, medical radiation practitioners, occupational therapists, optometrists and psychologists. Different to medical and nursing, Allied health are often organized in discipline specific departments and allocate budgets within these to provide services to a range of clinical areas. Little is known of how managers of allied health go about allocating these resources, the factors they consider when making these decisions, and the sources of information they rely upon...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760430/physical-mechanism-of-spring-and-early-summer-drought-over-north-america-associated-with-the-boreal-warming
#11
Woosuk Choi, Kwang-Yul Kim
Drought during the early vegetation growing season (spring through early summer) is a severe natural hazard in the large cropland over North America. Given the recent increasing severity of climate change manifested as surface warming, there has been a growing interest in how warming affects drought and the prospect of drought. Here we show the impact of boreal warming on the spring and early summer drought over North America using Cyclostationary Empirical Orthogonal Function analysis. Northern Hemispheric warming, the leading mode of the surface air temperature variability, has led to a decrease in precipitation, evaporation and moisture transport over the central plain of North America...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760173/dual-impact-of-organisational-change-on-subsequent-exit-from-work-unit-and-sickness-absence-a-longitudinal-study-among-public-healthcare-employees
#12
Johan Høy Jensen, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Janne Skakon, Naja Hulvej Rod, Jens Peter Bonde
OBJECTIVES: We investigated work-unit exit, total and long-term sickness absence following organisational change among public healthcare employees. METHODS: The study population comprised employees from the Capital Region of Denmark (n=14 388). Data on reorganisation at the work-unit level (merger, demerger, relocation, change of management, employee layoff or budget cut) between July and December 2013 were obtained via surveys distributed to the managers of each work unit...
May 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757040/cost-savings-for-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-a-theoretical-framework-and-budget-impact-case-study-application-using-filgrastim
#13
Simrun Grewal, Scott Ramsey, Sanjeev Balu, Josh J Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Biosimilars can directly reduce the cost of treating patients for whom a reference biologic is indicated by offering a highly similar, lower priced alternative. We examine factors related to biosimilar regulatory approval, uptake, pricing, and financing and the potential impact on drug expenditures in the U.S. METHODS: We developed a framework to illustrate how key factors including regulatory policies, provider and patient perception, pricing, and payer policies impact biosimilar cost-savings...
May 14, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755140/resilience-in-carbonate-production-despite-three-coral-bleaching-events-in-5-years-on-an-inshore-patch-reef-in-the-florida-keys
#14
Derek P Manzello, Ian C Enochs, Graham Kolodziej, Renée Carlton, Lauren Valentino
The persistence of coral reef frameworks requires that calcium carbonate (CaCO3 ) production by corals and other calcifiers outpaces CaCO3 loss via physical, chemical, and biological erosion. Coral bleaching causes declines in CaCO3 production, but this varies with bleaching severity and the species impacted. We conducted census-based CaCO3 budget surveys using the established ReefBudget approach at Cheeca Rocks, an inshore patch reef in the Florida Keys, annually from 2012 to 2016. This site experienced warm-water bleaching in 2011, 2014, and 2015...
2018: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753348/budgetary-impact-and-cost-drivers-of-drugs-for-rare-and-ultrarare-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Michael Schlander, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Afschin Gandjour
OBJECTIVES: To review recent studies reporting health care expenditures (budgetary impact) for orphan medicinal products (OMPs) in Europe and to contribute to our understanding of the cost drivers of nononcological OMPs by means of an empirical analysis in Germany. METHODS: A systematic search for relevant studies on rare diseases was conducted in PubMed and Embase (until December 2016). In addition, annual treatment costs of nononcological OMPs in Germany were analyzed with respect to five explanatory variables: total prevalence of disease, prevalence with added benefit, availability of alternative treatments for the same indication, extent/probability of treatment benefit, and evidence for a treatment effect on mortality...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750775/assessing-sexually-transmitted-disease-partner-services-in-state-and-local-health-departments
#16
Kendra M Cuffe, Jami S Leichliter, Thomas L Gift
State and local health department sexually transmitted disease (STD) programs provide several partner services to reduce disease transmission. Budget cuts and temporary staff reassignments for public health emergencies may affect the provision of partner services. Determining the impact of staffing reductions on STD rates and public health response should be further assessed.
June 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743945/evidence-on-the-cost-of-breast-cancer-drugs-is-required-for-rational-decision-making
#17
Anne Margreet Sofie Berghuis, Hendrik Koffijberg, Leonardus Wendelinus Mathias Marie Terstappen, Stefan Sleijfer, Maarten Joost IJzerman
Background: For rational decision making, assessing the cost-effectiveness and budget impact of new drugs and comparing the costs of drugs already on the market is required. In addition to value frameworks, such as the American Society of Clinical Oncology Value Framework and the European Society of Medical Oncology-Magnitude of Clinical benefit Scale, this also requires a transparent overview of actual drug prices. While list prices are available, evidence on treatment cost is not. This paper aims to synthesise evidence on the reimbursement and costs of high-cost breast cancer drugs in The Netherlands (NL)...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743163/health-economic-analysis-of-access-site-practice-in-england-during-changes-in-practice-insights-from-the-british-cardiovascular-interventional-society
#18
Mamas A Mamas, Jon Tosh, Will Hulme, Nicki Hoskins, George Bungey, Peter Ludman, Mark de Belder, Chun Shing Kwok, Nathalie Verin, Tim Kinnaird, Ewan Bennett, Nick Curzen, James Nolan, Evangelos Kontopantelis
BACKGROUND: Transradial access (TRA) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with a reduced risk of mortality compared with transfemoral access, access site-related bleeding complications, and shorter length of stay. The budget impact from a healthcare system that has largely transitioned to TRA for PCI has not been previously published. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 323 656 patients undergoing PCI between 2010 and 2014 were obtained from the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society database...
May 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742172/predicting-nonpoint-stormwater-runoff-quality-from-land-use
#19
Brik R Zivkovich, David C Mays
Evaluating the impact of urban development on natural ecosystem processes has become an increasingly complex task for planners, environmental scientists, and engineers. As the built environment continues to grow, unregulated nonpoint pollutants from increased human activity and large-scale development severely stress urban streams and lakes resulting in their currently impaired or degraded state. In response, integrated water quality management programs have been adopted to address these unregulated nonpoint pollutants by utilizing best management practices (BMPs) that treat runoff as close to the source as possible...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740992/influence-of-generic-reference-pricing-on-medicine-cost-in-slovenia-a-retrospective-study
#20
Nika Marđetko, Mitja Kos
AIM: To assess the impact of the generic reference pricing (GRP) system on the prices and cost of medicines in Slovenia approximately 8 years after its introduction in 2003 and before the implementation of the therapeutic reference pricing system. METHODS: A retrospective study of all medicines (N=789) included in the GRP system on January 31, 2012 was performed. Medicine prices and cost were analyzed between January 31, 2012 and December 31, 2013 after every update (N=11) of the maximum reimbursable price (MRP) and were compared to the price and cost on January 31, 2012 (index date)...
April 30, 2018: Croatian Medical Journal
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