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Gastrointestinal endoscopy AND sedation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781859/nonoperating-room-anesthesia-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures
#1
Otto S Lin, Wade Weigel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the trends in nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) for gastrointestinal endoscopy over the past few years, and to describe alternative methods of delivering propofol sedation in selected low-risk patients. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of NORA for routine gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures has been rising steadily over the past decade in the United States, considerably increasing healthcare costs. Because of this, there have been attempts to develop nonanesthesiologist-administered propofol sedation methods in low-risk patients...
May 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774151/gastrointestinal-endoscopy-under-sedation-is-associated-with-pneumonia-in-older-inpatients-results-of-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#2
Christopher M Kollmann, Wolff Schmiegel, Thorsten Brechmann
Background and aims: Apparent aspiration is a notable adverse event during gastrointestinal endoscopy under sedation (GIES), but data about inapparent aspiration are scarce. Generally, particularly older patients are at higher risk of suffering from adverse events. Objective: The objective of this article is to determine the risk of pneumonia, lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) and systemic inflammatory activation after GIES, especially in patients of at least 65 years...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759099/procedural-sedation-by-advanced-care-paramedics-for-emergency-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#3
Hana M Wiemer, Michael B Butler, Patrick C Froese, Allan Lapierre, Chris Carriere, Glen R Etsell, Dana Farina, Jennifer Jones, Jock Murray, Samuel G Campbell
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Advanced care paramedics (ACPs) in our emergency department (ED) successfully perform procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) for several procedures, including orthopedic manipulations. What did this study ask? How does the novel practice of ACP-led ED PSA for upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy compare to that for orthopedic procedures? What did this study find? Adverse events occurred more frequently during UGI endoscopy sedations than orthopedic sedations (41...
May 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738382/the-comparison-of-midazolam-and-propofol-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Rongzan Zhang, Quan Lu, Younong Wu
INTRODUCTION: Midazolam and propofol are both used for sedation in gastrointestinal endoscopy. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of midazolam and propofol in gastrointestinal endoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of midazolam versus propofol on sedation in gastrointestinal endoscopy are included...
May 5, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620411/patients-perspective-on-sedation-during-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-systematic-use-of-sedation-or-systematic-prior-information
#5
Juan Ángel Ferrer Rosique, Héctor Julián Canaval Zuleta, Guillermo Cacho Acosta
Although sedation in endoscopy is increasingly used and contributes to the quality of procedures, its role in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) is not as well defined as in other procedures. For this reason, we conducted a prospective pilot study where the patient, once informed of the different options, decided whether or not to undergo sedation for UGE. Remarkably, almost 60% preferred not to undergo sedation, with a high degree of satisfaction and no adverse effects in any of the groups (Ferrer Rosique JA, et al...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620407/enhancing-the-current-evidence-on-endoscopist-directed-propofol-based-sedation
#6
COMMENT
Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado-Robles, Alexandre Ferreira, Jesús García-Cano
During the last years, there is more and more scientific evidence about the safety and feasibility of non-anesthesiologist administration of propofol (NAAP) in gastrointestinal endoscopy, reducing sedation induction and recovery time as well as increasing patient and endoscopist satisfaction. Furthermore, a similar risk of adverse events compared with traditional agents or anesthesiologist administration of propofol (AAP) has been described. The present special issue of the Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology (Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas) focusses on NAAP in different settings, including complex endoscopic procedures...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611112/sedation-practices-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-survey-from-southern-india
#7
Prakash Zacharias, Shibi Mathew, John Mathews, Aby Somu, Maya Peethambaran, Menon Prashanth, Mathew Philip
Gastrointestinal endoscopies can cause an unpleasant experience for the patient. In India, most endoscopists follow a common institutional policy for sedation. The aim of this study was to analyze the sedation practices in various endoscopy centers across southern India. Data were collected with the help of a structured questionnaire given to a senior endoscopist of the center. Data from the completed questionnaire were later analyzed. Data were obtained from 19 centers across southern India. All endoscopy suites had central oxygen supply and emergency cart...
April 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598971/-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-in-patients-of-advanced-age
#8
Ana García García de Paredes, Beatriz Mateos Muñoz, Agustín Albillos
The dramatic increase in life expectancy is leading to a significant increase in the use of gastrointestinal endoscopy in the elderly. Taking into account these demographic changes, the use of gastrointestinal endoscopy in this age group is of great importance. Although these procedures are generally safe and well tolerated even in very elderly patients, the onset of physiological changes associated with aging and the increased prevalence of cardiovascular and pulmonary comorbidities raise the risk of sedation related complications in these patients...
March 26, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589170/computerized-tests-to-evaluate-recovery-of-cognitive-function-after-deep-sedation-with-propofol-and-remifentanil-for-colonoscopy
#9
Xavier Borrat, Marta Ubre, Raquel Risco, Pedro L Gambús, Angela Pedroso, Aina Iglesias, Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach, Àngels Ginés, Jaume Balust, Graciela Martínez-Palli
The use of sedation for diagnostic procedures including gastrointestinal endoscopy is rapidly growing. Recovery of cognitive function after sedation is important because it would be important for most patients to resume safe, normal life soon after the procedure. Computerized tests have shown being accurate descriptors of cognitive function. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the time course of cognitive function recovery after sedation with propofol and remifentanil. A prospective observational double blind clinical study conducted in 34 young healthy adults undergoing elective outpatient colonoscopy under sedation with the combination of propofol and remifentanil using a target controlled infusion system...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588840/device-assisted-enteroscopy-in-the-uk-description-of-a-large-tertiary-case-series-under-conscious-sedation
#10
Vijay Pattni, David J Tate, Ana Terlevich, Peter Marden, Steve Hughes
Objective: Device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE) has developed rapidly, particularly with the advent of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE). This study reports a case series from a UK tertiary centre for DAE across two modalities-DBE and spiral enteroscopy (SE)-under conscious sedation. Design: Retrospective observational study of 257 enteroscopy procedures from 2008 to 2014. Data were collected on demographics, indications, diagnosis, sedation requirements, duration, complications, tolerance, therapy performed and completion rate...
April 2018: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578351/endoscopy-and-sedation-an-inseparable-binomial-for-the-gastroenterologist
#11
Javier Crespo, Álvaro Terán
The development of endoscopy and its increasing demand among the population have led to a growing need for propofol-based sedation techniques. Benefit is indisputable for both patients and endoscopists, but some aspects require considering the "who" and "how" of sedation as related to safety and health care costs. Propofol is first-choice in endoscopy for the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy because of its fast onset of action and short half-life, and many reports exist on its safety when used by gastroenterologists rather than anesthesiologists...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575232/the-impact-of-narcotrend%C3%A2-eeg-guided-propofol-administration-on-the-speed-of-recovery-from-pediatric-procedural-sedation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Frank Weber, Laurence C Walhout, Johanna C Escher
BACKGROUND: Propofol is often used for procedural sedation in children undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Reliable assessment of the depth of hypnosis during the endoscopic procedure is challenging. Processed electroencephalography using the Narcotrend Index can help titrating propofol to a predefined sedation level. AIMS: The aim of this trial was to investigate the impact of Narcotrend Index-guided titration of propofol delivery on the speed of recovery. METHODS: Children, aged 12-17 years, undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy under procedural sedation, had propofol delivered via target controlled infusion either based on Narcotrend Index guidance (group NI) or standard clinical parameters (group C)...
March 25, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539652/small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-and-device-assisted-enteroscopy-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-small-bowel-disorders-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-technical-review
#13
Emanuele Rondonotti, Cristiano Spada, Samuel Adler, Andrea May, Edward J Despott, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Simon Panter, Dirk Domagk, Ignacio Fernandez-Urien, Gabriel Rahmi, Maria Elena Riccioni, Jeanin E van Hooft, Cesare Hassan, Marco Pennazio
SMALL-BOWEL CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY (SBCE): 1: ESGE recommends that prior to SBCE patients ingest a purgative (2 L of polyethylene glycol [PEG]) for better visualization.Strong recommendation, high quality evidence.However, the optimal timing for taking purgatives is yet to be established. 2: ESGE recommends that SBCE should be performed as an outpatient procedure if possible, since completion rates are higher in outpatients than in inpatients.Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence...
April 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526045/comparison-of-propofol-monotherapy-and-propofol-combination-therapy-for-sedation-during-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sang Won Yoon, Geun Joo Choi, Oh Haeng Lee, Il Jae Yoon, Hyun Kang, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous randomized controlled trials have reported conflicting findings comparing propofol combination therapy (PCT) with propofol monotherapy (PMT) for sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Therefore, a systematic review was carried out to compare the efficacy and safety of PCT and PMT in such patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases to identify all randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy and safety of PCT and PMT for sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy...
March 11, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422797/quality-is-the-key-for-emerging-issues-of-population-based-colonoscopy-screening
#15
REVIEW
Jin Young Yoon, Jae Myung Cha, Yoon Tae Jeen
Colonoscopy is currently regarded as the gold standard and preferred method of screening for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the benefit of colonoscopy screening may be blunted by low participation rates in population-based screening programs. Harmful effects of population-based colonoscopy screening may include complications induced by colonoscopy itself and by sedation, psychosocial distress, potential over-diagnosis, and socioeconomic burden. In addition, harmful effects of colonoscopy may increase with age and comorbidities...
January 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397649/quality-is-the-key-for-emerging-issues-of-population-based-colonoscopy-screening
#16
REVIEW
Jin Young Yoon, Jae Myung Cha, Yoon Tae Jeen
Colonoscopy is currently regarded as the gold standard and preferred method of screening for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the benefit of colonoscopy screening may be blunted by low participation rates in population-based screening programs. Harmful effects of population-based colonoscopy screening may include complications induced by colonoscopy itself and by sedation, psychosocial distress, potential over-diagnosis, and socioeconomic burden. In addition, harmful effects of colonoscopy may increase with age and comorbidities...
January 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361807/-quality-is-the-key-for-emerging-issues-of-population-based-colonoscopy-screening
#17
REVIEW
Jin Young Yoon, Jae Myung Cha, Yoon Tae Jeen
Colonoscopy is currently regarded as the gold standard and preferred method of screening for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the benefit of colonoscopy screening may be blunted by low participation rate in population-based screening program. Harmful effects of population-based colonoscopy screening may include complications induced by colonoscopy itself and by sedation, psychosocial distress, potential over-diagnosis and socioeconomic burden. In addition, harmful effect of colonoscopy may increase with age and comorbidity...
January 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241376/non-endoscopic-biopsy-techniques-a-review
#18
David O Otuya, Yogesh Verma, Hamid Farrokhi, Lisa Higgins, Mireille Rosenberg, Christopher Damman, Guillermo J Tearney
Diseases of the stomach and small intestine account for approximately 20% of all gastrointestinal (GI)-related mortality. Biopsy of the stomach and small intestine remains a key diagnostic tool for most of the major diseases that affect the GI tract. While endoscopic means for obtaining biopsy is generally the standard of care, it has several limitations that make it less ideal for pediatric patients and in low resource areas of the world. Therefore, non-endoscopic means for obtaining biopsy samples is of interest in these settings...
February 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228523/advanced-therapeutic-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-in-children-today-and-tomorrow
#19
Zaheer Nabi, Duvvur Nageshwar Reddy
Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy plays an indispensable role in the diagnosis and management of various pediatric GI disorders. While the pace of development of pediatric GI endoscopy has increased over the years, it remains sluggish compared to the advancements in GI endoscopic interventions available in adults. The predominant reasons that explain this observation include lack of formal training courses in advanced pediatric GI interventions, economic constraints in establishing a pediatric endoscopy unit, and unavailability of pediatric-specific devices and accessories...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227055/does-the-reporting-of-gastro-intestinal-endoscopy-meet-the-minimal-terminology-standard-at-king-edward-viii-hospital
#20
S P Maharaj, M A Noorbhai, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: The Minimal Standard Terminology (MST) was developed to standardise endoscopic reporting. This study is aimed at assessing current reporting at a tertiary hospital and whether it meets this Minimal Standard Terminology. METHOD: This was a retrospective observational study of upper endoscopy reports between January and December 2014. The data extracted were compared to the current reporting standard listed in the MST. To assess and grade the quality of reporting we developed a Gastrointestinal Reporting Score, which incorporates MST variables in addition to demographic details, indication for endoscopy, report legibility, sedation and the use of classification systems to describe pathology...
November 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
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