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Gastrointestinal endoscopy AND sedation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079763/the-comparison-of-etomidate-and-propofol-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Limin Ye, Xiangyang Xiao, Liyi Zhu
INTRODUCTION: Etomidate and propofol played an important role in the sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare their efficacy and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of etomidate versus propofol for the anesthesia of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy were included...
January 10, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039246/safety-of-sedation-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-in-a-group-of-university-affiliated-hospitals-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
K Leslie, M L Allen, E C Hessian, P J Peyton, J Kasza, A Courtney, P A Dhar, J Briedis, S Lee, A R Beeton, D Sayakkarage, S Palanivel, J K Taylor, A J Haughton, C X O'Kane
BACKGROUND: Service models for gastrointestinal endoscopy sedation must be safe, as endoscopy is the most common procedure performed under sedation in many countries. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to determine the patient risk profile, and incidence of and risk factors for significant unplanned events, in adult patients presenting for gastrointestinal endoscopy in a group of university-affiliated hospitals where most sedation is managed by anaesthetists. METHODS: Patients aged ≥18 yr presenting for elective and emergency gastrointestinal endoscopy under anaesthetist-managed sedation at nine hospitals affiliated with the University of Melbourne, Australia, were included...
January 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009665/capnography-compared-to-pulse-oximetry-for-early-detection-of-respiratory-compromise-in-non-intubated-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-procedures-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Jace Holton, Bryan Flattery
Does the use of capnography versus pulse oximetry increase the early detection of respiratory compromise and improve safety in non-intubated patients undergoing moderate sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures?Respiratory compromise will be detected by alveolar hypoventilation/hyperventilation (EtCO2 < 35 mmHg/EtCO2 > 50 mmHg), arterial oxygen desaturation (defined as a pulse oximetry reading of <95% for >5 s), visual assessments of abnormal ventilation including apnea detection and adverse respiratory events that involve the need for bag-mask ventilation...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004964/patient-safety-under-deep-sedation-for-digestive-endoscopic-procedures
#4
Julián Álvarez, Rafael Cabadas, Manuel de la Matta
Deep sedation with Propofol has become popular in recent years. The safety of this technique when administered by non-anaesthesiologists has created much controversy which at times is masked in a contentious debate on the economic sustainability of the health system. In 2011, the Spanish Society of Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Pain Therapy, along with 20 other organisations from European countries, revoked the recommendations of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy on the administration of Propofol by non-anaesthesiologists, citing that it is "extremely dangerous for the safety and quality of endoscopic procedures"...
December 22, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885537/safety-analysis-of-bariatric-patients-undergoing-outpatient-upper-endoscopy-with-non-anesthesia-administered-propofol-sedation
#5
Tyler McVay, John C Fang, Linda Taylor, Alexander Au, Wesley Williams, Angela P Presson, Ragheed Al-Dulaimi, Eric Volckmann, Anna Ibele
BACKGROUND: Non-anesthesia administered propofol (NAAP) has been shown to be a safe and effective method of sedation for patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Bariatric surgery patients are potentially at a higher risk for sedation-related complications due to co-morbidities including obstructive sleep apnea. The outcomes of NAAP in bariatric patients have not been previously reported. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, severely obese patients undergoing pre-surgical outpatient esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) were compared to non-obese control patients (BMI ≤ 25 kg/m(2)) undergoing diagnostic EGD at our institution from March 2011-September 2015 using our endoscopy database...
November 24, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832689/comparison-of-oral-midazolam-with-intravenous-midazolam-for-sedation-children-during-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ahmad Khodadad, Majid Aflatoonian, Rozita Jalilian, Nazanin Babaei, Farzaneh Motamed, Alireza Ebrahime Soltani, Behnaz Rasoolzadeh, Fatemeh Motavasselian, Nima Rezaei
Upper endoscopy is a common procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of upper digestive tract diseases. The increasing number of pediatric gastrointestinal procedures has led to increasing attention on the safety and efficacy of medications used for sedation during the procedure. This randomized blinded interventional study was designed to compare the effect of oral midazolam with intravenous (IV) midazolam as a sedative medication in 119 children undergoing endoscopy. The mean time to sedation was 2.2±0...
September 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829941/a-comparison-of-propofol-and-midazolam-meperidine-sedation-in-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#7
Sinan Uzman, Bunyamin Gurbulak, Esin Kabul Gurbulak, Turgut Donmez, Adnan Hut, Dogan Yildirim
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing interest in sedation for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE). Prospective randomized studies comparing sedation properties and complications of propofol and midazolam/meperidine in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) are few. AIM: To compare propofol and midazolam/meperidine sedation for UGE in terms of cardiopulmonary side effects, patient and endoscopist satisfaction and procedure-related times. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study of propofol versus midazolam and meperidine in 100 patients scheduled for diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821023/conscious-sedation-clues-for-diagnosing-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#8
G K Unler, H S Gokturk, R Dogan, T Kivane, A Karakoca
BACKGROUND: The use of anesthetic agents for endoscopic sedation has recently increased. However, sedation introduces additional risks in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The presence of sleep apnea is not often enough questioned in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with sedation-induced snoring and decreased arterial oxygen saturation during gastroscopy are more likely to have OSAS. METHOD: This study considered 600 consecutive patients undergoing elective outpatient upper gastrointestinal endoscopy under conscious sedation for evaluation of dyspepsia...
July 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761556/alfentanil-versus-ketamine-combined-with-propofol-for-sedation-during-upper-gastrointestinal-system-endoscopy-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#9
Ertugrul Kılıc, Barış Demiriz, Nurgül Isıkay, Abdullah E Yıldırım, Selman Can, Cem Basmacı
OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of both propofol/alfentanil and propofol/ketamine on sedation during upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy in morbidly obese patients (UGSEMOP). METHODS: In a prospective, double-blinded, randomized clinical study, 52 patients scheduled for UGSEMOP were assigned to either group A (n=26; 10 µg/kg intravenous [IV] alfentanil) or group K (n=26; 0.5 mg/kg IV ketamine). Each patient was administered 0.7 mg/kg propofol for induction...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716069/should-every-region-use-the-same-gastric-cancer-scanning-and-treatment-approaches-let-s-reconsider-a-northeastern-turkey-example
#10
Albayrak Fatih, Ozturk Yasin, Dursun Hakan, Albayrak Yavuz
BACKGROUND: The rate for upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancers, and especially the rate for gastric cancer, varies from country to country and from region to region within country. In Turkey, the incidence of gastric cancer varies widely among regions due to the diverse cultures and accompanying food habits of the population. This study aimed to determine the endoscopic frequency of esophageal and gastric cancers and the usefulness of alarm symptoms in diagnosing gastric cancer in subjects undergoing endoscopy in northeastern Turkey...
October 4, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703561/ketamine-sedation-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-in-children
#11
Ayman E Eskander, Nevine R El Baroudy, Amira S El Refay
BACKGROUND: Moderate sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy has traditionally been provided by the endoscopist. Controversy has ensued over safe and efficient sedation practice as endoscopy has increased in numbers and complexity. AIM: To evaluate the safety of ketamine sedation given by non-anesthesiologist during gastrointestinal endoscopy in children. METHODS: A prospective study of 100 paediatric patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who were a candidate for upper or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy in paediatric endoscopy unit at Abo El-Reesh Paediatric Hospital, Cairo University...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700263/multiple-gastric-erosions-diagnosed-by-means-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-a-dog
#12
Brian T Hardy, Jessica Gentile-Solomon, Jeffrey A Solomon
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old spayed female Golden Retriever was evaluated for a 2-week history of progressive hyporexia, signs of abdominal pain, and weight loss. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination findings included mild signs of pain on palpation of the cranial part of the abdomen and a body condition score of 4 (scale, 1 to 9). A CBC revealed mild microcytosis and hypochromasia; results of serum biochemical analysis were within the respective reference ranges, and abdominal ultrasonography revealed no abnormalities...
October 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676093/a-comparison-of-sedation-with-midazolam-ketamine-versus-propofol-fentanyl-during-endoscopy-in-children-a-randomized-trial
#13
Ulas E Akbulut, Sedat Saylan, Bilal Sengu, Gulgun E Akcali, Engin Erturk, Murat Cakir
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of midazolam plus ketamine versus fentanyl plus propofol combination administered to children undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) and to determine the most appropriate sedation protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, single-blind study included patients between the ages of 4 and 17 years who underwent UGE for diagnostic purposes. Patients were divided randomly into groups A (midazolam-ketamine combination, n=119) and B (fentanyl plus propofol combination, n=119)...
January 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660584/postinduction-paced-pulseless-electrical-activity-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-oropharyngeal-instrumentation-induced-reflex-circulatory-collapse
#14
Ryan J Kline, Ky Pham, Carmen L Labrie-Brown, Ken Mancuso, Paul LeLorier, James Riopelle, Alan David Kaye
BACKGROUND: Reflex hypotension and bradycardia have been reported to occur following administration of several drugs associated with administration of anesthesia and also following a variety of procedural stimuli. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old postmenopausal female with a history of asystole associated with sedated upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and post-anesthetic-induction tracheal intubation received advanced cardiac resuscitation after insertion of a temporary transvenous pacemaker failed to prevent pulseless electrical activity...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588294/software-tools-in-endoscopy-nice-to-have-or-essential
#15
REVIEW
Oliver Möschler
BACKGROUND: Documentation of findings and of the treatment implications resulting from them is one of the central tasks involved in medical work. The introduction of software tools for managing and providing technical support for this task is a logical development. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in September 2015 using PubMed and the search terms 'gastrointestinal endoscopy AND electronic documentation' and 'software tools AND gastrointestinal endoscopy AND documentation'...
February 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588290/interfaces-in-pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-who-should-do-it
#16
REVIEW
Thomas Lang
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal endoscopy is one of the most frequently performed diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in children nowadays. METHODS: Since the size of endoscopes has been adapted to pediatric patients, endoscopic procedures are performed almost routinely in pediatric gastrointestinal patients. However, this is an invasive procedure done under deep sedation, and procedure-related or sedation-related complications can occur more easily in pediatric patients...
February 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529524/-safety-of-sedation-during-gastroscopy-and-colonoscopy-in-low-risk-patients-results-of-a-retrospective-subgroup-analysis-of-a-registry-study-including-over-170%C3%A2-000-endoscopies
#17
A Behrens, C Ell
INTRODUCTION: Administering sedation is an established standard in gastrointestinal endoscopy, particularly in situations in which sedation is used to make the examination more comfortable for the patient (e. g., during preventive check-up examinations). It is important to have precise information about the risk of sedation-associated complications. AIMS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to record the incidence and type of sedation-associated complications in a low-risk group of patients (ASA 1 or 2) undergoing elective diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy or colonoscopy...
August 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456180/survey-of-anaesthetists-practice-of-sedation-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#18
K Leslie, M L Allen, E Hessian, A Y-S Lee
We conducted a survey of Australian specialist anaesthetists about their practice of sedation for elective and emergency gastroscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and colonoscopy. A 24-item survey was emailed to 1,000 anaesthetists in August 2015. Responses were received from 409 anaesthetists (response rate=41%) with responses from 395 anaesthetists analysed. Pulse oximetry and oxygen administration were routine for all procedures for all respondents. Blood pressure was routinely measured by most respondents during gastroscopy (elective=88%; emergency=97%), ERCP (elective=99%; emergency=99%) and colonoscopy (elective=91%; emergency=98%)...
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455961/acupuncture-to-improve-tolerance-of-diagnostic-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-patients-without-systemic-sedation-results-of-a-single-center-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-drks00000164
#19
Anja Schaible, Katja Schwan, Thomas Bruckner, Konstanze Plaschke, Markus W Büchler, Markus Weigand, Peter Sauer, Christian Bopp, Phillip Knebel
BACKGROUND: Sedation prior to esophagogastroduodenoscopy is widespread and increases patient comfort. However, it demands additional trained personnel, accounts for up to 40 % of total endoscopy costs and impedes rapid hospital discharge. Most patients lose at least one day of work. 98 % of all serious adverse events occurring during esophagogastroduodenoscopy are ascribed to sedation. Acupuncture is reported to be effective as a supportive intervention for gastrointestinal endoscopy, similar to conventional premedication...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451091/similar-risk-of-cardiopulmonary-adverse-events-between-propofol-and-traditional-anesthesia-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Vaibhav Wadhwa, Danny Issa, Sushil Garg, Rocio Lopez, Madhusudhan R Sanaka, John J Vargo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Even though propofol use for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures has increased over the past decade, there is a perception that it causes a higher rate of cardiopulmonary adverse events. The aim of this study was to compare the sedation-related adverse events associated with use of propofol vs nonpropofol agents for endoscopic procedures. We also wanted to determine the influence of duration or complexity of the procedures and endoscopist-directed (gastroenterologist) vs non-gastroenterologist-directed sedation on the outcomes...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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