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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030403/new-blood-pressure-associated-loci-identified-in-meta-analyses-of-475%C3%A2-000-individuals
#1
Aldi T Kraja, James P Cook, Helen R Warren, Praveen Surendran, Chunyu Liu, Evangelos Evangelou, Alisa K Manning, Niels Grarup, Fotios Drenos, Xueling Sim, Albert Vernon Smith, Najaf Amin, Alexandra I F Blakemore, Jette Bork-Jensen, Ivan Brandslund, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Cristiano Fava, Teresa Ferreira, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Ayush Giri, Franco Giulianini, Megan L Grove, Xiuqing Guo, Sarah E Harris, Christian T Have, Aki S Havulinna, He Zhang, Marit E Jørgensen, AnneMari Käräjämäki, Charles Kooperberg, Allan Linneberg, Louis Little, Yongmei Liu, Lori L Bonnycastle, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Anubha Mahajan, Giovanni Malerba, Riccardo E Marioni, Hao Mei, Cristina Menni, Alanna C Morrison, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Walter Palmas, Alaitz Poveda, Rainer Rauramaa, Nigel William Rayner, Muhammad Riaz, Ken Rice, Melissa A Richard, Jennifer A Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Kathleen E Stirrups, Vinicius Tragante, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Tibor V Varga, Stefan Weiss, Andrianos M Yiorkas, Robin Young, Weihua Zhang, Michael R Barnes, Claudia P Cabrera, He Gao, Michael Boehnke, Eric Boerwinkle, John C Chambers, John M Connell, Cramer K Christensen, Rudolf A de Boer, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Panos Deloukas, Anna F Dominiczak, Marcus Dörr, Roby Joehanes, Todd L Edwards, Tõnu Esko, Myriam Fornage, Nora Franceschini, Paul W Franks, Giovanni Gambaro, Leif Groop, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Caroline Hayward, Oksa Heikki, Erik Ingelsson, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Jaspal S Kooner, Timo A Lakka, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lind, Ruth J F Loos, Markku Laakso, Mark I McCarthy, Olle Melander, Karen L Mohlke, Andrew P Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Oluf Pedersen, Ozren Polasek, Neil R Poulter, Michael A Province, Bruce M Psaty, Paul M Ridker, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Peter J Sever, Tea Skaaby, Jeanette M Stafford, John M Starr, Pim van der Harst, Peter van der Meer, Cornelia M van Duijn, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Vilmundur Gudnason, Nicholas J Wareham, James G Wilson, Cristen J Willer, Daniel R Witte, Eleftheria Zeggini, Danish Saleheen, Adam S Butterworth, John Danesh, Folkert W Asselbergs, Louise V Wain, Georg B Ehret, Daniel I Chasman, Mark J Caulfield, Paul Elliott, Cecilia M Lindgren, Daniel Levy, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Patricia B Munroe, Joanna M M Howson
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have recently identified >400 loci that harbor DNA sequence variants that influence blood pressure (BP). Our earlier studies identified and validated 56 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) associated with BP from meta-analyses of exome chip genotype data. An additional 100 variants yielded suggestive evidence of association. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we augment the sample with 140 886 European individuals from the UK Biobank, in whom 77 of the 100 suggestive SNVs were available for association analysis with systolic BP or diastolic BP or pulse pressure...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029668/the-de-pharm-project-a-pharmacist-driven-deprescribing-initiative-in-a-nursing-facility
#2
Jennifer Pruskowski, Steven M Handler
OBJECTIVE: Many residents with life-limiting illnesses are being prescribed and taking potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and questionably beneficial medications either near or at the end of life. These medications can contribute to adverse drug reactions, increase morbidity, and increase unnecessary burden and cost. It is crucial that the process of deprescribing be incorporated into the care of these residents. After developing a clinical pharmacist-driven deprescribing initiative in the nursing facility, the objective of this project was to reduce the number of PIMs via accepted recommendations from the clinical pharmacist to the primary team...
August 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028847/is-history-of-periodontitis-a-risk-factor-for-peri-implant-disease-a-pilot-study
#3
Mehmet Ali Altay, Sinan Tozoğlu, Nelli Yıldırımyan, Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of implant treatment in periodontally compromised patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Partially edentulous patients who were diagnosed and treated for chronic periodontitis and later rehabilitated with implant-supported single crowns or fixed partial dentures were enrolled in this study. At the final follow-up, data on probing pocket depth and bleeding on probing were collected, and changes in peri-implant bone levels were assessed on periapical radiographs...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026398/where-there-is-no-doctor-can-volunteer-community-health-workers-in-rural-uganda-provide-integrated-community-case-management
#4
Jennifer L Brenner, Celestine Barigye, Samuel Maling, Jerome Kabakyenga, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Denise Buchner, Teddy Kyomuhangi, Carolyn Pim, Kathryn Wotton, Natukwatsa Amon, Nalini Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Integrated community case management (iCCM) involves assessment and treatment of common childhood illnesses by community health workers (CHWs). Evaluation of a new Ugandan iCCM program is needed. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess if iCCM by lay volunteer CHWs is feasible and if iCCM would increase proportions of children treated for fever, pneumonia, and diarrhoea in rural Uganda. METHODS: This pre/post study used a quasi-experimental design and non-intervention comparison community...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023685/summary-statement-on-screening-for-prostate-cancer-in-europe
#5
Eveline A M Heijnsdijk, Chris H Bangma, Josep M Borràs, Tiago M de Carvalho, Xavier Castells, Martin Eklund, Josep A Espinàs, Markus Graefen, Henrik Grönberg, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, Pim J van Leeuwen, Vera Nelen, Franz Recker, Monique J Roobol, Pieter Vandenbulcke, Harry J de Koning
The European Randomised Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) showed that Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) based screening results in a significant prostate cancer mortality reduction. Although there are concerns on overdiagnosis and overtreatment, it has been shown that the benefits can outweigh the harms if screening is stopped in older ages to prevent overdiagnosis. A limited screening program (for example screening at ages 55-59 years), including active surveillance for men with low-risk tumors, can even be cost-saving, compared with testing in an opportunistic setting in the wrong ages, as currently in Europe...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023118/mixed-penetrant-sorption-in-ultra-thin-films-of-polymer-of-intrinsic-microporosity-pim-1
#6
Wojciech Ogieglo, Andreas Furchner, Bader S Ghanem, Xiao-Hua Ma, Ingo Pinnau, Matthias Wessling
Mixed penetrant sorption into ultra-thin films of a super-glassy polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1) was studied for the first time by using interference-enhanced in-situ spectroscopic ellipsometry. PIM-1 swelling and the concurrent changes in its refractive index were determined in ultra-thin (12 - 14 nm) films exposed to pure and mixed penetrants. The penetrants included water, n-hexane and ethanol and were chosen based on their significantly different penetrant-penetrant and penetrant-polymer affinities...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019402/a-systematic-analysis-of-the-binding-affinity-between-the-pim-1-kinase-and-its-inhibitors-based-on-the-mm-3d-rism-kh-method
#7
Takeshi Hasegawa, Masatake Sugita, Takeshi Kikuchi, Fumio Hirata
A systematic study of the binding affinity for sixteen lead compounds targeting the Pim-1 kinase is reported based on the 3D-RISM/KH theory and the MD simulation. The result shows the correlation coefficient R = 0.69 between the theoretical and experimental values of the binding free energy. It demonstrates that the method is applicable to the problem of compounds screening and lead optimization, for which relative values of the free energy among the compounds have significance. We elucidate the contribution of the ligand fragments to the binding free energy...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018306/solid-phase-deracemization-of-an-atropisomer
#8
Anthonius H J Engwerda, Pim van Schayik, Henjo Jagtenberg, Hugo Meekes, Floris P J T Rutjes, Elias Vlieg
The scope of Viedma ripening and temperature cycling with respect to chiral molecules has remained mostly limited to molecules with a single stereogenic center, while racemization proceeds through inversion at that particular stereocenter. In this article we demonstrate for the first time that atropisomers, chiral rotamers that possess an axis of chirality, can be successfully deracemized in the solid phase by either applying temperature cycling or Viedma ripening.
October 4, 2017: Crystal Growth & Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016833/the-impact-of-surgery-in-molecularly-defined-low-grade-glioma-an-integrated-clinical-radiological-and-molecular-analysis
#9
Maarten M J Wijnenga, Pim J French, Hendrikus J Dubbink, Winand N M Dinjens, Peggy N Atmodimedjo, Johan M Kros, Marion Smits, Renske Gahrmann, Geert-Jan Rutten, Jeroen B Verheul, Ruth Fleischeuer, Clemens M F Dirven, Arnaud J P E Vincent, Martin J van den Bent
Background: Extensive resections in low-grade glioma are associated with improved overall survival. However, WHO classification of gliomas has been completely revised and is now predominantly based on molecular criteria. This requires re-evaluation of the impact of surgery in molecularly defined low-grade glioma subtypes. Methods: We included 228 adults who underwent surgery since 2003 for a supratentorial low-grade glioma. Pre-and postoperative tumor volumes were assessed with semi-automatic software on T2-weighted images...
September 7, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994656/videodensitometric-quantification-of-paravalvular-regurgitation-of-a-transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-vitro-validation
#10
Mohammad Abdelghani, Yosuke Miyazaki, Ellen S de Boer, Jean-Paul Aben, Math van Sloun, Todd Suchecki, Marcel van 't Veer, Osama Soliman, Yoshinobu Onuma, Robbert de Winter, Pim A L Tonino, Marcel C M Rutten, Frans N van de Vosse, Patrick W Serruys
AIMS: Videodensitometric assessment of aortography provides a periprocedural quantitation of prosthetic valve regurgitation (PVR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. We sought to compare the videodensitometric parameters of PVR severity to the regurgitation fraction (RF) in a controlled in-vitro setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a mock circulation system, a transcatheter balloon-expandable valve inserted at the aortic valve position was gradually deformed to induce different grades of paravalvular leakage and the RF was measured with a transonic flow probe...
October 10, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994655/functional-comparison-between-buma-supreme-biodegradable-polymer-sirolimus-eluting-and-durable-polymer-zotarolimus-eluting-coronary-stents-using-quantitative-flow-ratio-pioneer-qfr-substudy
#11
Taku Asano, Yuki Katagiri, Carlos Collet, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Yosuke Miyazaki, Yohei Sotomi, Giovanni Amoroso, Adel Aminian, Salvatore Brugaletta, Mathias Vrolix, Rosana Hernandez-Antolín, Pim van de Harst, Andres Iñiguez, Luc Janssens, Pieter Smits, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Vasco Gama Ribeiro, Helder Periera, Pedro Canas da Silva, Jan J Piek, Johan H C Reiber, Clemens von Birgelen, Manel Sabaté, Yoshinobu Onuma, Patrick W Serruys
AIMS: Quantitative Flow Ratio (QFR) based on 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) is a novel method to assess the physiological functionality after treatment with stents. The current study aimed to evaluate the difference in physiological functionality 9 months after implantation of a bioresorbable polymer-based sirolimus-eluting stent with an electrografting base layer (BuMA Supreme: B-SES) versus a durable polymer-based zotarolimus-eluting stent (Resolute: R-ZES)...
October 10, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990244/a-comparison-of-two-tools-to-screen-potentially-inappropriate-medication-in-internal-medicine-patients
#12
A-L Blanc, S Spasojevic, A Leszek, M Théodoloz, P Bonnabry, T Fumeaux, N Schaad
WHAT IS KNOWN: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is an important issue for inpatient management; it has been associated with safety problems, such as increases in adverse drugs events, and with longer hospital stays and higher healthcare costs. OBJECTIVE: To compare two PIM-screening tools-STOPP/START and PIM-Check-applied to internal medicine patients. A second objective was to compare the use of PIMs in readmitted and non-readmitted patients. METHOD: A retrospective observational study, in the general internal medicine ward of a Swiss non-university hospital...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990160/monitoring-of-potentially-inappropriate-prescriptions-in-older-inpatients-a-french-multicenter-study
#13
Irène Pandraud-Riguet, Dominique Bonnet-Zamponi, Elsa Bourcier, Marion Buyse, Sandra Laribe-Caget, Patrick Frémont, Eric Pautas, Christiane Verny, Patrick Hindlet, Christine Fernandez
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) or potentially inappropriate associations (PIAs) prescribed knowingly are associated with patient monitoring. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Geriatric units (n = 56) in 28 hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Inpatients aged 75 and older (N = 1,327). MEASUREMENTS: Potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIP) were defined as a PIM or a PIA selected by an expert board from lists of explicit criteria (Beers, Priscus, Laroche, French Health Agency) using a Delphi process...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986629/incidental-perifissural-nodules-on-routine-chest-computed-tomography-lung-cancer-or-not
#14
Onno M Mets, Kaman Chung, Ernst Th Scholten, Wouter B Veldhuis, M Prokop, Bram van Ginneken, Cornelia M Schaefer-Prokop, Pim A de Jong
OBJECTIVES: Perifissural nodules (PFNs) are a common finding on chest CT, and are thought to represent non-malignant lesions. However, data outside a lung cancer-screening setting are currently lacking. METHODS: In a nested case-control design, out of a total cohort of 16,850 patients ≥ 40 years of age who underwent routine chest CT (2004-2012), 186 eligible subjects with incident lung cancer and 511 controls without were investigated. All non-calcified nodules ≥ 4 mm were semi-automatically annotated...
October 6, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985257/potentially-inappropriate-medication-among-people-with-dementia-in-eight-european-countries
#15
Anna Renom-Guiteras, Petra A Thürmann, Ramón Miralles, Renate Klaaßen-Mielke, Ulrich Thiem, Astrid Stephan, Michel H C Bleijlevens, David Jolley, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Kai Saks, Maria Soto-Martin, Adelaida Zabalegui, Gabriele Meyer
Objectives: to evaluate the frequency of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) prescription among older people with dementia (PwD) from eight countries participating in the European study 'RightTimePlaceCare', and to evaluate factors and adverse outcomes associated with PIM prescription. Methods: survey of 2,004 PwD including a baseline assessment and follow-up after 3 months. Interviewers gathered data on age, sex, prescription of medication, cognitive status, functional status, comorbidity, setting and admission to hospital, fall-related injuries and mortality in the time between baseline and follow-up...
September 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984375/context-matters-when-striving-to-promote-active-and-lifelong-learning-in-medical-education
#16
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
WHERE DO WE STAND NOW?: In the 30 years that have passed since The Edinburgh Declaration on Medical Education, we have made tremendous progress in research on fostering 'self-directed and independent study' as propagated in this declaration, of which one prime example is research carried out on problem-based learning. However, a large portion of medical education happens outside of classrooms, in authentic clinical contexts. Therefore, this article discusses recent developments in research regarding fostering active learning in clinical contexts...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982825/detectaweb-project-study-protocol-of-a-web-based-detection-of-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents
#17
Jose A Piqueras, Mariola Garcia-Olcina, Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Tiscar Rodriguez-Jimenez, Agustin E Martinez-Gonzalez, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research and practice addressing mental health has been conducted within a unidimensional model, explaining mental health as the presence/absence of psychological problems (distress or psychopathological symptoms). More recently, accumulative evidence has supported a bi-dimensional model, which conceptualises psychological problems and psychological strengths (well-being) as related-yet-distinct continua that, when considered together, yields a more comprehensive understanding of individuals...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982642/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-early-life-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-and-obesity-related-outcomes-in-rodents
#18
REVIEW
Pim Nicolaas Hubertus Wassenaar, Leonardo Trasande, Juliette Legler
BACKGROUND: Early-life exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been implicated to play a role in the development of obesity. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review with meta-analyses of experimental rodent studies was conducted to answer the following question: does early-life exposure to BPA affect the obesity-related outcomes body weight, fat (pad) weight, and circulating and tissue levels of triglycerides, free fatty acids (FFA), and leptin? METHODS: The methodology was prespecified in a rigorous protocol using the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation (SYRCLE) approach...
October 5, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978563/potential-medication-related-problems-in-older-breast-colon-and-lung-cancer-patients-in-the-united-states
#19
Jennifer L Lund, Hanna K Sanoff, Sharon Peacock-Hinton, Hyman Muss, Virginia Pate, Til Stürmer
BACKGROUND: Older adults are often exposed to multiple medications, some of which could be inappropriate or have the potential to interact with each other. Older cancer patients may be at increased risk for medication-related problems due to exposure to cancer-directed treatment. METHODS: We described patterns of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use and potential drug-chemotherapy interactions among adults age 66+ years diagnosed with stage I-III breast, stage II-III colon, and stage I-II lung cancer...
October 4, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975608/inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-hospitalized-adults-a-comparison-of-medical-specialties
#20
Ana Carmen Dos Santos Ribeiro Simoes Juliano, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Jéssica Teixeira Santos da Silva, Letícia Gomes Santos, Jéssica Borges Taranto Nunes, Guilherme Cortes Fernandes, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and number of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in hospitalized older adults, comparing prescription patterns of medical specialties. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All older adults hospitalized from January through May 2015 (N = 1,900). MEASUREMENTS: Information on medications prescribed during the first and last days of hospitalization was collected and evaluated regarding PIMs using Beers and Screening Tool of Older People's Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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