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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034270/clinical-evaluation-of-effects-of-local-application-of-aloe-vera-gel-as-an-adjunct-to-scaling-and-root-planning-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#1
Anahita Ashouri Moghaddam, Golpar Radafshar, Yousef Jahandideh, Narges Kakaei
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Aloe vera gel contains various components with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory characteristics, which may have potential advantages to treat periodontal diseases. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of local application of aloe vera gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planning in the treatment of patients with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This single-blind clinical trial, performed in a split mouth design, was conducted on 20 patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024309/bio-prospecting-endemic-mascarene-aloes-for-potential-neuroprotectants
#2
D Lobine, M-J R Howes, I Cummins, J Govinden-Soulange, M Ranghoo-Sanmukhiya, K Lindsey, P L Chazot
The Mascarene Aloes are used in the traditional pharmacopoeia against various ailments including cutaneous diseases and as antispasmodics. Scientific evidence to support these claims is non-existent and mainly based on the scientific repute of A. vera. The antioxidant profile of methanolic leaf extracts of A. purpurea Lam., A. tormentorii (Marais) L. E. Newton & G. D. Rowley, A. lomatophylloides Balf. f., A. macra Haw. and A. vera (L.) Burm. f. was studied using the total antioxidant capacity, copper equivalent and superoxide dismutase assays...
October 11, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988013/aloe-vera-gel-improves-behavioral-deficits-and-oxidative-status-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#3
Seyed Reza Fatemi Tabatabaei, Shahab Ghaderi, Mohammad Bahrami-Tapehebur, Yaghoob Farbood, Masome Rashno
Oxidative stress has a major role in progression of diabetes-related behavioral deficits. It has been suggested that Aloe vera has anti-diabetic, antioxidative, and neuroprotective effects. The present study was designed to determine the effects of Aloe vera gel on behavioral functions, oxidative status, and neuronal viability in the hippocampus of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Fifty five adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, including: control (normal saline 8ml/kg/day; P...
October 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955424/first-aid-practices-beliefs-and-sources-of-information-among-caregivers-regarding-paediatric-burn-injuries-in-harare-zimbabwe-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Farai Chirongoma, Samson Chengetanai, Cathrine Tadyanemhandu
BACKGROUND: While burns take seconds to occur, injuries incurred result in pain and undesirable long term effects that might take a lifetime to overcome. The study was carried out to determine the measures of first aid delivered by caregivers after a burn injury and sources of the information. METHODS: A cross- sectional study was carried out over a period of 3 months at two central hospitals in Harare. A questionnaire was administered to the caregivers of children within the age group of 0-60 months admitted in burns wards to elicit information on the circumstances of the burn injury and the first aid methods which were administered...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930258/an-aloe-vera-based-cosmeceutical-cream-delays-and-mitigates-ionizing-radiation-induced-dermatitis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-curative-radiotherapy-a-clinical-study
#5
Suresh Rao, Sanath Kumar Hegde, Manjeshwar Poonam Baliga-Rao, Princy Louis Palatty, Thomas George, Manjeshwar Shrinath Baliga
Background: This study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of topical application of an Aloe vera-based cream (AVC) for the prevention of ionizing radiation (X ray)-induced dermatitis in head and neck cancer patients requiring therapeutic radiation treatment (>62 Gy). Methods: From July 2012 to December 2012, a total of 60 head and neck cancer patients requiring curative radiotherapy (RT) of more than 66 Gy were prospectively enrolled and treated with AVC or a comparator Johnson's Baby Oil (JBO). Acute skin reaction was monitored and classified according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) four-point rating scale on a weekly basis...
June 24, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928478/biomimetically-engineered-amphotericin-b-nano-aggregates-circumvent-toxicity-constraints-and-treat-systemic-fungal-infection-in-experimental-animals
#6
Qamar Zia, Owais Mohammad, Mohd Ahmar Rauf, Wasi Khan, Swaleha Zubair
Biomimetic synthesis of nanoparticles offers a convenient and bio friendly approach to fabricate complex structures with sub-nanometer precision from simple precursor components. In the present study, we have synthesized nanoparticles of Amphotericin B (AmB), a potent antifungal agent, using Aloe vera leaf extract. The synthesis of AmB nano-assemblies (AmB-NAs) was established employing spectro-photometric and electron microscopic studies, while their crystalline nature was established by X-ray diffraction...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919243/drugs-do-we-need-them-applications-of-non-pharmaceutical-therapy-in-anterior-eye-disease-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Priyanka Mandal, Mohammad A Khan, Sunil Shah
Natural products have been in use long before the introduction of modern drug therapies and are still used in various communities worldwide for the treatment of anterior eye disease. The aim of this review is to look at the current non-pharmaceutical modalities that have been tried and assess the body of existing evidence behind them. This includes alternative medicine, existing non-pharmaceutical therapy and more recent low and high tech solutions. A detailed search of all available databases including MEDLINE, Pubmed and Google was made to look for English-language studies for complementary and alternative treatment modalities (CAM), natural therapies and new modalities for anterior eye disease such as blepharitis, dry eye and microbial keratitis...
September 14, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902697/effect-of-aloe-vera-on-glycemic-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-protocol
#8
Narabjit Kaur, Ritin Fernandez, Jenny Sim
The objective is to identify the effectiveness of Aloe vera on glycemic outcomes (fasting blood glucose level and glycosylated hemoglobin) in patients with diabetes mellitus. Specifically, the review question is: what is the effectiveness of oral A. vera (Aloe barbadensis) on glycemic outcomes in adult patients with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus as compared to a placebo group?
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892888/role-of-herbal-agents-tea-tree-oil-and-aloe-vera-as-cavity-disinfectant-adjuncts-in-minimally-invasive-dentistry-an-in-vivo-comparative-study
#9
Gaurav Patri, Aliva Sahu
INTRODUCTION: The prevention and control of caries necessitates the elimination of cariogenic bacteria and cavity disinfectants have proved to play a major role in achieving the goal. The use of phytotherapy is trending and many natural products have shown anti-microbial properties which can be used as cavity disinfectant in the field of dentistry. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of herbal antibacterial agents (Tea Tree Oil (TTO) and Aloe vera) with commercially available 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) as cavity disinfectant for use in minimally invasive dentistry...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874080/low-molecular-weight-gel-fraction-of-aloe-vera-exhibits-gastroprotection-by-inducing-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-inhibitory-activity-in-alcohol-induced-acute-gastric-lesion-tissues
#10
Chul-Hong Park, Hyeong-U Son, Chi-Yeol Yoo, Sang-Han Lee
CONTEXT: Aloe has been used for the prevention and cure of various diseases and symptoms including burns, injuries, oedema and pain. OBJECTIVE: This study determines the specific inhibitory activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 induced by the low molecular-weight gel fraction of Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. (lgfAv) on alcohol-induced acute gastric lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the protective effects of oral (p.o.) administration of lgfAv (molecular weight cutoff <50...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861641/medicinal-plant-extracts-modulate-respiratory-burst-and-proliferation-activity-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-leukocytes
#11
Chiara Bulfon, Marco Galeotti, Donatella Volpatti
The present study was designed to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of Aloe vera, Curcuma longa, Echinacea purpurea, Lavandula officinalis, Origanum vulgare, Panax ginseng, and Rheum officinale extracts on leukocytes purified from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) head kidney. The cells were cultured in a medium containing increasing doses of extracts; afterwards, they were tested for reactive oxygen species production after stimulation with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and proliferation in the presence or absence of phytohemagglutinin from Phaseolus vulgaris (PHA-P)...
September 1, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830419/prevalence-patterns-and-perceived-value-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-hiv-patients-a-descriptive-study
#12
Mandreker Bahall
BACKGROUND: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread among different patient populations despite the availability of evidence-based conventional medicine and lack of supporting evidence for the claims of most CAM types. This study explored the prevalence, patterns, and perceived value of CAM among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. METHODS: This quantitative descriptive study was conducted between November 1, 2014 and March 31, 2015 among a cross-sectional, convenience sample of attendees of the HIV clinic of a public tertiary health care institution...
August 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821436/carbon-quantum-dot-tailored-calcium-alginate-hydrogel-for-ph-responsive-controlled-delivery-of-vancomycin
#13
Niladri Sarkar, Gyanaranjan Sahoo, Rashmita Das, Gyanaranjan Prusty, Sarat K Swain
Herein, we demonstrate the preparation of highly luminescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs) from Aloe vera leaf gel; in just 2h at 250°C through carbonization pathway. The prepared CQDs are structurally characterized with high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), hydrodynamic diameter, surface polarity, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman, UV-visible absorption spectrophotometry and fluorescence spectroscopy. The functional carbon nanoparticles are observed as non-cytotoxic materials...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821059/characterization-of-alkali-treated-and-untreated-new-cellulosic-fiber-from-saharan-aloe-vera-cactus-leaves
#14
Balaji A N, Nagarajan K J
The aim of this study is to examine the use of new natural fibers, which are extracted from the Saharan aloe vera cactus plant leaves as reinforcement in polymer composites. The physicochemical, mechanical and thermal properties of the Saharan Aloe Vera Cactus Leaves (SACL) fibers are investigated, through the effect of alkali treatment. The contents of α-cellulose, hemicellulose, wax and moisture present in SACL fibers were characterized by standard test methods The mechanical properties of SACL fibers were measured through single fiber tensile test...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808457/physicochemical-properties-of-mta-and-portland-cement-after-addition-of-aloe-vera
#15
Alvaro Henrique Borges, Orlando Aguirre Guedes, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Gilberto Siebert Filho, Alexandre Meireles Borba, Omar Zina, Evandro Piva, Carlos Estrela
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the liquid-powder ratio, setting time, solubility, dimensional change, pH, and radiopacity of white structural and non-structural Portland cement, ProRoot MTA and MTA Bio, associated with a 2% glycolic solution containing Aloe Vera, as vehicle. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Five samples of each material were used for each test, according to the American National Standards Institute/American Dental Association (ANSI/ADA) specification No...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800071/fabrication-and-characterization-of-magnesium-ferrite-based-pcl-aloe-vera-nanofibers
#16
Zanshe Thompson, Shekh Rahman, Sergey Yarmolenko, Jagannathan Sankar, Dhananjay Kumar, Narayan Bhattarai
Composite nanofibers of biopolymers and inorganic materials have been widely explored as tissue engineering scaffolds because of their superior structural, mechanical and biological properties. In this study, magnesium ferrite (Mg-ferrite) based composite nanofibers were synthesized using an electrospinning technique. Mg-ferrite nanoparticles were first synthesized using the reverse micelle method, and then blended in a mixture of polycaprolactone (PCL), a synthetic polymer, and Aloe vera, a natural polymer, to create magnetic nanofibers by electrospinning...
August 11, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764287/aloe-vera-for-dry-mouth-denture-patients-palliative-therapy
#17
Abdul Habeeb Bin Mohsin, S Varalakshmi Reddy, M Praveen Kumar, Sarah Samee
INTRODUCTION: Xerostomia (dry mouth) is dryness of the mouth which is due to reduced salivary flow. Lack of adequate saliva causes discomfort in denture wearing patients and decreases retention of dentures. The ability of saliva to wet the tissue surface is one of the most important properties for oral comfort and retention of complete denture in dry mouth patients. AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the wetting ability of therapeutic Aloe vera saliva substitute and commercially available Aqwet saliva substitute on heat-polymerized acrylic resin...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764282/nature-s-benefaction-as-a-life-saver-for-an-avulsed-tooth-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Saumya Navit, Niharika Shahi, Suleman Abbas Khan, Anshul Sharma, Vartika Singh, Ratna Priya Mishra, Pragati Navit, Prerna Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Dentoalveolar trauma is a very common and avulsion is the most frequent injury. Treatment of choice following avulsion is immediate reimplantation. However, in cases where this might not be possible the prognosis of reimplanted teeth can be improved by the selection of an appropriate storage media. Prevention of ankylosis and replacement resorption depends more on the potential of storage media to maintain cell viability rather than the extraalveolar time period. AIM: To compare and evaluate the efficacy of different storage media in maintaining the viability of Periodontal Ligament (PDL) cells in an avulsed tooth...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758958/evaluation-of-antioxidant-activity-and-growth-control-properties-of-nonoscale-structure-produced-from-aloe-vera-var-littoralis-extract-on-clinical-isolates-of-salmonella
#19
Reza Ranjbar, Mohammad Arjomandzadegan, Hossein Hosseiny
The aim of the study was to examine antibacterial properties of microemulsion structure produced from Aloe vera var. littoralis extract as a new tool of nanoscale drug-like materials. Aloe vera var. littoralis (A. littoralis) extract was prepared by distillation method. A nonocarrier structure in the microemulsion system was prepared from the extract. Serial concentrations were prepared from 8 mg/mL extract and the nonocarrier containing 0.1 mg/mL pure extract and were evaluated by a disk diffusion method for 35 Salmonella clinical isolates...
July 31, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733937/sequential-extraction-as-novel-approach-to-compare-12-medicinal-plants-from-kenya-regarding-their-potential-to-release-chromium-manganese-copper-and-zinc
#20
R Mogwasi, S Zor, D K Kariuki, M Z Getenga, V Nischwitz
This study is focusing on a novel approach to screen a large number of medicinal plants from Kenya regarding their contents and availability of selected metals potentially relevant for treatment of diabetes patients. For this purpose, total levels of zinc, chromium, manganese, and copper were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry as well as BCR sequential extraction to fractionate the elemental species in anti-diabetic medicinal plants collected from five natural locations in two sub counties in Nyamira County, Kenya...
July 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
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