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Mahesh K Kaushik, Kosuke Aritake, Atsuko Takeuchi, Masashi Yanagisawa, Yoshihiro Urade
Octacosanol, a component of various food materials, possesses prominent biological activities and functions. It fights against cellular stress by increasing glutathione level and thus scavenging oxygen reactive species. However, its anti-stress activity and role in sleep induction remained elusive. We hypothesize that octacosanol can restore stress-affected sleep by mitigating stress. Cage change strategy was used to induce mild stress and sleep disturbance in mice, and effects of octacosanol administration on amount of sleep and stress were investigated...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nguyen Thuy Duong, Pham Duc Vinh, Phuong Thien Thuong, Nguyen Thi Hoai, Le Nguyen Thanh, Tran The Bach, Nguyen Hai Nam, Nguyen Hoang Anh
OBJECTIVE: To screen Vietnamese medicinal plants for xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activity and to isolate XO inhibitor(s) from the most active plant. METHODS: The plants materials were extracted by methanol. The active plant materials were fractionated using different organic solvents, including n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol. Bioassay-guided fractionation and column chromatography were used to isolate compounds. The compounds structures were elucidated by analysis of spectroscopic data, including IR, MS, and NMR...
June 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Surashree Sen Gupta, Mahua Ghosh
Octacosanol is a lesser known nutraceutical with the potential for treatment of several inflammatory diseases, high cholesterol, Parkinson's symptoms and tumour growth along with the capacity to improve athletic performance. But its lipophilicity and large structure inhibits extended solubility in water resulting in poor absorption and a low bioavailability. In the present work, sodium salt of octacosyl sulfate was synthesized. It displayed improved water solubility. Its nanocrystals, synthesized by means of nanoprecipitation technique, enhanced diffusion velocity, antioxidant capacity, shelf-life, penetrability and bioavailability...
October 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Maria João Rodrigues, Luísa Custódio, Andreia Lopes, Marta Oliveira, Nuno R Neng, José M F Nogueira, Alice Martins, Amélia P Rauter, João Varela, Luísa Barreira
CONTEXT: Several Polygonum species (Polygonaceae) are used in traditional medicine in Asia, Europe and Africa to treat inflammation and diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the in vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic potential of methanol and dichloromethane extracts of leaves and roots of the halophyte Polygonum maritimum L. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Antioxidant activity was determined (up to 1 mg/mL) as radical-scavenging activity (RSA) of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), copper (CCA) and iron (ICA) chelating activities and iron reducing power (FRAP)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Yang-Hee Cho, Rozbeh Farhoudi, Muhammad Farooq, Dong-Jin Lee
Increase in the average life span and interest in correlation between food and human health have led to researches to find and utilise the functional materials in rice. Octacosanol in rice grain is well known for its potential benefit. This study was conducted to evaluate the Korean rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes and landraces for octacosanol contents and antioxidant activity. Octacosanol contents in 223 cultivars of Korean rice ranged from 0.78 to 6.06 mg 100 g(-1). Thirteen genotypes and landraces had high contents of octacosanol (4 mg 100 g(-1))...
March 2, 2017: Natural Product Research
Tianyi Guo, Qinlu Lin, Xinhua Li, Ying Nie, Long Wang, Limin Shi, Wei Xu, Tao Hu, Ting Guo, Feijun Luo
Octacosanol has multiple biological functions. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effect and molecular mechanism of octacosanol were evaluated by using dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis model in mice and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells. The colitis mouse model was induced by 3.0% DSS in 8-week ICR mice and octacosanol orally administered with 100 mg/kg/day. The results showed that octacosanol significantly improved the health status of mice and reduced DSS-induced pathological damage in the colonic tissues...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
L Long, S G Wu, F Yuan, H J Zhang, J Wang, G H Qi
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary octacosanol supplementation on laying performance, egg quality, serum hormone levels, and gene expression related to reproductive axis in laying hens to confirm the reproduction-promoting function of octacosanol. In total, 360 Hy-Line Brown (67-wk-old) laying hens were randomly assigned to one of three treatments with 0, 5, and 10 mg octacosanol (extracted from rice bran, purity >92%)/kg feed. The feeding trial lasted for 10 weeks. The results showed that the dietary addition of 5 and 10 mg/kg octacosanol improved feed efficiency by 4...
April 1, 2017: Poultry Science
Jisu Kim, Jonghoon Park, Kiwon Lim
Athletes make great efforts to increase their endurance capacity in many ways. Using nutrition supplements for stimulating lipolysis is one such strategy to improve endurance performance. These supplements contain certain ingredients that affect fat metabolism; furthermore, in combination with endurance training, they tend to have additive effects. A large body of scientific evidence shows that nutrition supplements increase fat metabolism; however, the usefulness of lipolytic supplements as ergogenic functional foods remains controversial...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Kai Peng, Lei Long, Yuxi Wang, Shunxi Wang
A 42-d study with 384 Hy-line brown laying hens was conducted to assess the effects of dietary octacosanol supplementation on laying performance, egg quality and blood metabolites of laying hens. Hens were randomly allocated into 4 dietary groups of 8 cages each, which were fed basal diet supplemented with 0 (Control), 9 (OCT9), 18 (OCT18), and 27 (OCT27) mg/kg diet of octacosanol isolated from rice bran, respectively. The experiment was conducted in an environmental controlled house and hens were fed twice daily for ad libitum intake...
October 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
L Long, S G Wu, F Yuan, J Wang, H J Zhang, G H Qi
Octacosanol, which has prominent physiological activities and functions, has been recognized as a potential growth promoter in animals. A total of 392 1-d-old male Arbor Acres broiler chicks with similar body weight were randomly distributed into four dietary groups of seven replicates with 14 birds each supplemented with 0, 12, 24, or 36 mg octacosanol (extracted from rice bran, purity >92%)/kg feed. The feeding trial lasted for six weeks and was divided into the starter (day 1 to 21) and the grower (day 22 to 42) phases...
October 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
John Coccimiglio, Misagh Alipour, Zi-Hua Jiang, Christine Gottardo, Zacharias Suntres
Oregano is a perennial shrub that grows in the mountains of the Mediterranean and Euro/Irano-Siberian regions. This study was conducted to identify the major constituents of the ethanolic Origanum vulgare extract and examine the cytotoxic, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties of the extract but more importantly the contribution of its specific major constituent(s) or their combination to the overall extract biological activity. Gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy analysis showed that the extract contained monoterpene hydrocarbons and phenolic compounds, the major ones being carvacrol and thymol and to a lesser extent p-cymene, 1-octacosanol, creosol, and phytol...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Bingyang Chu, Ying Qu, Yixing Huang, Lan Zhang, Xiaoxin Chen, Chaofeng Long, Yunqi He, Caiwen Ou, Zhiyong Qian
In this study, PEG-derivatized octacosanol copolymer was successfully developed to improve the anti-tumor activity and eliminate toxicity of the commercial formulation of paclitaxel (PTX). MPEG2K-C28, the conjugation of monomethoxy Poly(ethylene glycol) 2000 and octacosanol, was readily soluble in aqueous solution and self-assembled to form micelles with small sizes (< 20 nm) that are efficient in encapsulating PTX with a drug loading of 9.38 ± 0.18% and an encapsulation efficiency of 93.90 ± 2.12%. Meanwhile, octacosanol is very safe for humans and amazingly exhibits antitumor activity through inhibition activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and translocation of the transcription factor (nuclear factor-kappa B, NF-κB) to the nucleus, which may be able to promote synergistic effects with PTX...
March 16, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Muhammad Dilshad, Naheed Riaz, Muhammad Saleem, Nusrat Shafiq, Muhammad Ashraf, Tayaba Ismail, Hafiza Mehwish Rafiq, Abdul Jabbar
Two new sphingolipids: oxyacanthin A [(2S,3S,4R)-2-{[(2R,5E)-2-hydroxyoctadec-5-enoyl]amino}hexaeicosane-1,3,4-triol; 1] and B [(2S,3S,4R)-2-{[(2R,5E)-2-hydroxyoctadec-5-enoyl]amino}hexaeicosane-1,3,4-triol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside; 2], together with 1-octacosanol, β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside and luteolin 7-O-β-glucopyranoside were isolated from the methanolic extract of the whole plant of Carthamus oxyacantha. Their structures were elucidated using (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra and 2D NMR analyses (HMQC, HMBC and COSY) in combination with mass spectrometry (EI-MS, HR-EI-MS, FAB-MS and HR-FAB-MS) experiments and in comparison with the literature data of the related compounds...
August 2016: Natural Product Research
Guo-ying Wang, Zi-long Zhao, Pei-feng Xue, Fei-xiang Ma, Dong-yan Zhang, Na-na Wang, Min-hui Li
Twenty-two compounds were isolated from the flowers of Scabiosa tschilliensis. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic methods as octacosanol (1), stearic acid (2), β-sitosterol (3), oleanolic acid (4), apigenin (5), luteolin (6), daucosterol (7), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-6-O-(p-hydroxycinnamoyl) -glucopyranoside (8), kaempferol-3-O-β-D- (3, 6-di-p-(hydroxycinnamoyl) -glucopyranoside (9), apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (10), luteolin-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (11), apigenin-7-O-rutinoside (12), luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (13), apigenin-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (14), caffeic acid methyl ester (15), loganin (16), adenosine (17), luteolin-6-C-β-D-glycopyranosyl (18), sweroside (19), sylvestrosides I (20), sylvestrosides II (21), urceolide (22)...
March 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Simin Feng, Zisheng Luo, Fangfang Zeng, Songbai Liu, Zia Ullah Khan
The chemical composition and selected physical parameters of crude 1-octacosanol (1-OC) extracted from sugarcane rind have been determined. GC-MS results exhibited that 1-OC sample was primarily composed of 1-OC (45.17%), 1-docosene (12.04%), 1-triacontanol (0.23%), 1-heneicosanol (0.33%), 1-tetracosanal (0.28%), campesterol (4.5%), stigmasterol (9.12%) and β-sitosterol (8.23%). The linoleic acid had important effects on physical and chemical properties of 1-OC sample, as it notably changed the melting point and the onset oxidation temperature To of 1-OC sample from 83...
September 1, 2015: Food Chemistry
Yu-Wei Liu, Pei-Yuan Zuo, Xiang-Nan Zha, Xing-Lin Chen, Rong Zhang, Xiao-Xiao He, Cheng-Yun Liu
Atherosclerosis is characterized by endothelial dysfunction, lipid deposition, fibro-proliferative reactions and inflammation. Octacosanol is a high-molecular-weight primary aliphatic alcohol. As the main component of a cholesterol-lowering drug, octacosanol could inhibit lipids accumulation and cholesterol metabolism. To explore the indication of octacosanol on endothelial protection, we evaluated its effects on the proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Cell viability assay using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine revealed that 3...
March 2015: Lipids
Qing Luo, Lina Sun, Xiaomin Hu, Ruiren Zhou
Hydroponic experiments were conducted to investigate the variation of root exudates from the hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii under the stress of cadmium (Cd). S. alfredii was cultured for 4 days in the nutrient solution spiked with CdCl2 at concentrations of 0, 5, 10, 40, and 400 µM Cd after the pre-culture. The root exudates were collected and analyzed by GC-MS, and 62 compounds were identified. Of these compounds, the orthogonal partial least-squares discrimination analysis (OPLS-DA) showed that there were a distinct difference among the root exudates with different Cd treatments and 20 compounds resulting in this difference were found out...
2014: PloS One
Hajer Trabelsi, Justin Renaud, Wahid Herchi, Sadok Boukhchina, Paul Mayer
BACKGROUND: The search for other sources of vegetable oils by the exploitation and the enhancement of other oil plants will be needed to meet the demands of the international market. This study aims to determine the triacylglycerol (TAG) molecular species and aliphatic alcohol compositions of unexploited fruits of three Tunisian Pistacia lentiscus (lentisc) populations from the Korbous, Tebaba and Rimel areas of Tunisia. RESULTS: Results show that the content of total TAG varies from 738...
August 15, 2015: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Wenfang Gao, Daicheng Liu, Shupeng Su
1-Octacosanol is a straight-chain aliphatic 28-carbon fatty alcohol with well-known anti-fatigue function. In this study, 1-octacosanol was extracted from Antarctic krill for the first time. Separation of 1-octacosanol was achieved using high-performance thin-layer chromatography (TLC) with a mobile phase consisting of petroleum ether/ethyl acetate/toluene (4 : 1 : 0.05, v/v/v) on precoated silica gel GF254 high-performance TLC plates. The separated 1-octacosanol was quantified using spectrodensitometry with distilled water/bromothymol blue/sodium hydroxide (100 : 0...
May 2015: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Vera M S Isca, Ana M L Seca, Diana C G A Pinto, Helena Silva, Artur M S Silva
Salicornia ramosissima J. Woods is considered, in the Iberian Peninsula and France, a gourmet product. Nevertheless, is one of the less studied Salicornia species. In this work, GC-MS was employed to, for the first time; fully characterise the lipophilic profile of S. ramosissima and to assess the effect of natural and extra irrigation in that profile. The obtained data showed esterified and free fatty acids, fatty alcohol, sterols, alkanes and aromatic acid derivatives, being palmitic acid, tetracosanol and octacosanol the most abundant compounds...
December 15, 2014: Food Chemistry
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