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Babar Murtaza, Meryem Berrichi, Chahid Bennamar, Thierry Tordjmann, Fatima Zohara Djeziri, Aziz Hichami, Julia Leemput, Meriem Belarbi, Hakan Ozdener, Naim A Khan
Zizyphin, isolated from Zizyphus sps. leaf extracts, has been shown to modulate sugar taste perception, and the palatability of a sweet solution is increased by the addition of fatty acids. We, therefore, studied whether zizyphin also modulates fat taste perception. Zizyphin was purified from edible fruit of Zizyphus lotus L. Zizyphin induced increases in [Ca(2+) ]i in human taste bud cells (hTBC). Zizyphin shared the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pool and also recruited, in part, Ca(2+) from extracellular environment via the opening of store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) channels...
April 2, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Murad A Mubaraki, Taghreed A Hafiz, Saleh Al-Quraishy, Mohamed A Dkhil
The development and spread of multidrug-resistant strains of malarial parasites have led to an overwhelming increase in the resistance to current antimalarial drugs. The urgent need for alternative antimalarial drugs has directed some of the current studies toward folkloric medicine approaches. Interestingly, the Zizyphus spina Cristi leaf extract (ZLE) has been found to exhibit antiplasmodial activity. This study evaluated the protective effect of ZLE against Plasmodium berghei-induced cerebral tissue injuries in mice...
March 21, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Jirapast Sichaem, Thammarat Aree, Kiattisak Lugsanangarm, Santi Tip-Pyang
CONTEXT: Previous studies have shown that extracts of Zizyphus rugosa Lam. (Rhamnaceae) bark contained phytoconstituents with antidiabetic potential to lower blood glucose levels in diabetic rats. However, there has been no report on the active compounds in this plant as potential antidiabetic inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the α-glucosidase inhibitory and antioxidant activities of Z. rugosa extract. Moreover, the active phytochemical constituents were isolated and characterized...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Kyo Bin Kang, Hyun Woo Kim, Jung Wha Kim, Won Keun Oh, Jinwoong Kim, Sang Hyun Sung
Three unprecedented ceanothane-type triterpenoids, ent-epicatechinoceanothic acid A (1), ent-epicatechinoceanothic acid B (2), and epicatechino-3-deoxyceanothetric acid A (3), containing C-C bond linkages with catechin moieties, were isolated from the roots of Zizyphus jujuba. Their chemical structures, including absolute configurations, were established by spectroscopic analysis and calculation of their ECD spectra. A possible biogenetic pathway for C-C bond formation between the catechin and the triterpenoid moieties is presented...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Andrew Scholey, Sarah Benson, Amy Gibbs, Naomi Perry, Jerome Sarris, Greg Murray
Acute, non-clinical insomnia is not uncommon. Sufferers commonly turn to short-term use of herbal supplements to alleviate the symptoms. This placebo-controlled, double-blind study investigated the efficacy of LZComplex3 (lactium™, Zizyphus, Humulus lupulus, magnesium and vitamin B6), in otherwise healthy adults with mild insomnia. After a 7-day single-blind placebo run-in, eligible volunteers (n = 171) were randomized (1:1) to receive daily treatment for 2 weeks with LZComplex3 or placebo. Results revealed that sleep quality measured by change in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score improved in both the LZComplex3 and placebo groups...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
So Yeon Jo, In Ho Jung, Jee Hyun Yi, Tae Joon Choi, Seungheon Lee, Ji Wook Jung, Jeanho Yun, Young Choon Lee, Jong Hoon Ryu, Dong Hyun Kim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As the seed of Zizyphus jujuba var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H.F. Chow (Rhamnaceae) has been used to sleep disturbances in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine, many previous studies have focused on its sedative effect. AIM OF THE STUDY: Recently, we reported the neuroprotective effect of the effect of Z. jujuba var. spinosa. However, its effects on synaptic function have not yet been studied. In this project, we examined the action of ethanol extract of the seed of Z...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Li Zhang, Xinquan Liu, Yongjie Wang, Guangpu Liu, Zhen Zhang, Zhongxi Zhao, Huiling Cheng
Zizyphus jujuba has been used as a traditional Chinese medicinal herb since ancient time. Polysaccharides have been found to be important bioactive compounds in the jujube. This work was designed to investigate the physicochemical characteristics and bioactivities of polysaccharides purified from Zizyphus jujuba cv. Muzao. Water-soluble polysaccharides were extracted using an ultrasonically assisted extraction method. The purified polysaccharides (HJP) were obtained by deproteinization and decoloration. Three main fractions (HJP1, HJP2 and HJP3) were isolated using DEAE-Sepharose fast flow ion-exchange chromatography...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Danilo Cavalcanti Gomes, Hélimar Gonçalves de Lima, Ariádne Vieira Vaz, Nathália Silva Santos, Francianne Oliveira Santos, Êuder Reis Dias, Mariana Borges Botura, Alexsandro Branco, Maria José Moreira Batatinha
This study examined the in vitro effect of the Zizyphus joazeiro bark against gastrointestinal nematodes of goats and its cytotoxicity on Vero cells. The ovicidal activity of the crude hydroethanolic extract (CE), its partitioned hexane (HE) and aqueous extract (AE) and saponins fraction (SF), including betulinic acid (BA), a biogenetic compound from this plant found in HE, were investigated using the inhibition of egg hatch assay (EHA). Thereafter, the extracts and the SF were evaluated through the larval motility assay (LMA) and larval migration inhibition assay (LMIA)...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Sangeetha Gupta, Yogendra Kumar Gupta
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditionally, Zizyphus jujuba is used for anticonvulsant, hypnotic-sedative, anxiolytic, tranquilizer, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Likewise silymarin is popularly used for its potent antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects. Stroke being a multifactorial disease with unsatisfactory treatment outcomes, necessitates development of multimodal therapeutic interventions. Thus, we evaluated the therapeutic benefits of herbal combination of Z...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Somaye Alvani, Esmat Mahdikhani-Moghadam, Hamid Rouhani, Abbas Mohammadi, Gerrit Karssen
In order to identify plant-parasitic nematodes (family Tylenchidae Örley 1880) associated with Ziziphus zizyphus in Iran, 360 soil and root samples were collected from South Khorasan province during 2012-2014. Herein, a new species of Basiria and several known members of the family Tylenchidae are reported. B. birjandiensis n. sp. is characterized by short body length (584-748 µm [660.6±72.3]), lip region with flat apex, stylet 11-12 µm (11.3±0.5), excretory pore position varying from isthmus level to the middle of the basal bulb (78-91 µm from the anterior end of the body), post-vulval uterine sac 8-14 µm (10...
March 3, 2016: Zootaxa
Khaoula Mkadmini Hammi, Majdi Hammami, Christophe Rihouey, Didier Le Cerf, Riadh Ksouri, Hatem Majdoub
Response surface methodology using a Box-Behnken design was employed to optimize extraction temperature, extraction time and ratio of water to material to obtain a maximum polysaccharide yield with high uronic acid content and antioxidant property from edible Zizyphus lotus fruit. The optimal conditions were: extraction time of 3h 15min, extraction temperature of 91.2°C and water to solid ratio of 39mL/g. Under these conditions, the experimental extraction yield, uronic acid content and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl scavenging ability (IC50) were 18...
December 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Mohamed Abdulraheem Shaheen, Fathy Saad El-Nakhlawy, Fahd Mosallam Almehmadi, Muhammad Zahid Ihsan, Abdulmohsin Rajeh Al-Shareef
A field study was carried out near Jeddah Industrial Zone to estimate the leaf impairment, physiological disorders, and air pollutant accumulation potential of Ziziphus tree. The experiment was triplicated in RCBD design with factorial arrangement having seasonality as the main plot and washing as subplot treatments along with the control. Accumulation of heavy metals and micronutrients in plant foliage varied significantly under the influence of seasons and washing treatments. The maximum accumulation of cadmium, chromium, nickel, and lead were perceived in summer season while the minimum was observed in winter...
June 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Shihao Sun, Hui Wang, Jianping Xie, Yue Su
BACKGROUND: Jujube extract is commonly used as a food additive and flavoring. The sensory properties of the extract, especially sweetness, are a critical factor determining the product quality and therefore affecting consumer acceptability. Small molecular carbohydrates make major contribution to the sweetness of the jujube extract, and their types and contents in the extract have direct influence on quality of the product. So, an appropriate qualitative and quantitative method for determination of the carbohydrates is vitally important for quality control of the product...
2016: Chemistry Central Journal
Rui Jiao, Yingxia Liu, Hao Gao, Jia Xiao, Kwok Fai So
Oxidative stress has been increasingly recognized as a major contributing factor in a variety of human diseases, from inflammation to cancer. Although certain parts of signaling pathways are still under investigation, detailed molecular mechanisms for the induction of diseases have been elucidated, especially the link between excessive oxygen reactive species (ROS) damage and tumorigenesis. Emerging evidence suggests anti-oxidant therapy can play a key role in treating those diseases. Among potential drug resources, plant polysaccharides are natural anti-oxidant constituents important for human health because of their long history in ethnopharmacology, wide availability and few side effects upon consumption...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Younghwan Lee, Se Jin Jeon, Hyung Eun Lee, In Ho Jung, Yeong-Woo Jo, Sunhee Lee, Jae Hoon Cheong, Dae Sik Jang, Jong Hoon Ryu
Adult neurogenesis has received much attention due to its potential role in neurological or psychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, we examined whether spinosin, a C-glycoside flavonoid from the seeds of Zizyphus jujuba var. spinosa, affects cognitive performance and adult hippocampal neurogenesis in normal naïve mice. The subchronic administration of spinosin (5mg/kg) for 14days significantly increased the latency time in the passive avoidance task. Doublecortin and 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine immunostaining revealed that the subchronic administration of spinosin (5mg/kg) significantly increased the proliferation and survival of neuronal cells and the number of immature neurons in the hippocampal dentate gyrus region...
June 2016: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Zhuo-ping Yu, Dong-dong Xu, Lai-feng Lu, Xiao-dong Zheng, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) and Chinese jujube (Zizyphus jujuba Mill.) are commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine to enhance immune function. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to develop one Chinese prescription, Shenzao Cha (SZC), consisting of American ginseng and Chinese jujube, and systematically investigate its immunomodulation in healthy ICR mice. METHODS: Normal ICR mice received intragastric administration of SZC (1...
February 2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Farhana Mazhar, Raisa Khanum, Muhammad Ajaib, Muhammad Jahangir
The purpose of this study was to assess the antioxidant potential and enzyme inhibition of various fractions of Zizyphus oxyphylla. The plant metabolites were extracted in methanol and partitioned with n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol successively. Phytochemical screening showed presence of alkaloids, terpenoids and flavonoids in ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions. The antioxidant potential and acetylcholine esterase assay of all these fractions and remaining aqueous fraction was evaluated by using reported methods...
November 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Cancan Wang, Chuanrong Li, Charles A Leslie, Qingrong Sun, Xianfeng Guo, Keqiang Yang
Tocopherol cyclase (VTE1) plays a key role in promoting the production of γ-tocopherol and improving total tocopherol content in photosynthetic organisms. Walnut is an important source of tocopherols in the human diet, and γ-tocopherol is the major tocopherol compound in walnut kernels. In this study, a full-length cDNA of the VTE1 gene was isolated from walnut using RT-PCR and RACE, and designated as JrVTE1. The full-length cDNA of the JrVTE1 gene contained a 1353-bp open-reading frame encoding a 451-amino-acid protein with a calculated molecular weight of 49...
2015: Molecular Breeding: New Strategies in Plant Improvement
Sarbani Dey Ray, Supratim Ray, Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq, Vincenzo De Feo, Saikat Dewanjee
BACKGROUND: The root bark of Zizyphus nummularia (Rhamnaceae) is traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory agent. The current study aimed to explore the anti-inflammatory activity (in vivo) of a crude ethanolic extract (EE) and the pure identified octadecahydro-picene-2,3,14,15-tetranone (IC) in the root bark of Z. nummularia. IC was further subjected to suitable in vitro and in silico studies to find out the mechanistic pharmacology. METHODS: EE (100 and 200 mg/kg, p...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ying Guo, Yongnian Ni, Serge Kokot
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) calibrations were developed for the discrimination of spectra of the jujube (Zizyphus jujuba Mill.) fruit samples from four geographical regions. Prediction models were developed for the quantitative prediction of the contents of jujube fruit, i.e., total sugar, total acid, total phenolic content, and total antioxidant activity. Four pattern recognition methods, principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), least squares-support vector machines (LS-SVM), and back propagation-artificial neural networks (BP-ANN), were used for the geographical origin classification...
January 15, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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