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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666356/modphea-model-organism-phenotype-enrichment-analysis-of-eukaryotic-gene-sets
#1
Meng-Pin Weng, Ben-Yang Liao
Motivation: Genome-scale phenotypic data are available for many model organisms, yet existing tools to functionally interpret gene sets from these phenotypic data are largely based on mutagenesis-derived phenotypes observed in mouse or human. Results: Data from both mutagenesis and knockdown experiments are incorporated into mod PhEA to allow users to perform enrichment analyses based on phenotypes observed in budding yeast ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae ), roundworm ( Caenorhabditis elegans ), fruit fly ( Drosophila melanogaster ), zebrafish ( Danio rerio ), mouse ( Mus musculus ), and humans ( Homo sapiens )...
June 29, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623473/increasing-the-bile-acid-sequestration-performance-of-cationic-hydrogels-by-using-an-advanced-controlled-polymerization-technique
#2
Patrícia V Mendonça, André Matos, Andreia F Sousa, Arménio C Serra, Sérgio Simões, Jorge F J Coelho
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of the polymerization technique and the content of hydroxyl groups on the performance of new bile acid sequestrants based on PAMPMTA-co-PHEA (PAMPTMA: poly((3-acrylamidopropyl)trimethylammonium chloride); PHEA: poly(2-hydroxyethyl acrylate)) hydrogels. METHODS: PAMPMTA-co-PHEA hydrogels were prepared using either free radical polymerization or supplemental activator and reducing agent atom transfer radical polymerization. The chemical structure and composition of the hydrogels was confirmed by both FTIR and ssNMR...
June 16, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553303/phenylpyruvate-contributes-to-the-synthesis-of-fragrant-benzenoid-phenylpropanoids-in-petunia-%C3%A3-hybrida-flowers
#3
Moran Oliva, Einat Bar, Rinat Ovadia, Avichai Perl, Gad Galili, Efraim Lewinsohn, Michal Oren-Shamir
Phenylalanine (Phe) is a precursor for a large group of plant specialized metabolites, including the fragrant volatile benzenoid-phenylpropanoids (BPs). In plants, the main pathway leading to production of Phe is via arogenate, while the pathway via phenylpyruvate (PPY) is considered merely an alternative route. Unlike plants, in most microorganisms the only pathway leading to the synthesis of Phe is via PPY. Here we studied the effect of increased PPY production in petunia on the formation of BPs volatiles and other specialized metabolites originating from Phe both in flowers and leaves...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530096/engineering-eschericha-coli-for-enhanced-tyrosol-production
#4
Yuxiang Xue, Xianzhong Chen, Cui Yang, Junzhuang Chang, Wei Shen, You Fan
Tyrosol is a phenolic compound found in olive oil and wines. The health benefits of tyrosol have attracted considerable attention. Because the tyrosol extraction from plants poses a major obstacle, biosynthesizing this compound using microbial hosts is of interest. In this study, the phenylpyruvate decarboxylase gene ARO10 and the aromatic amino acid aminotransferase gene ARO8 were introduced into Escherichia coli to generate two recombinant tyrosol producers. Deleting the prephenate dehydratase gene pheA and the phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase gene feaB improved the tyrosol production...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511681/chromosome-engineering-of-escherichia-coli-for-constitutive-production-of-salvianic-acid-a
#5
Liang Zhou, Qi Ding, Guo-Zhen Jiang, Zhen-Ning Liu, Hai-Yan Wang, Guang-Rong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Salvianic acid A (SAA), a valuable natural product from herbal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza, exhibits excellent antioxidant activities on food industries and efficacious therapeutic potential on cardiovascular diseases. Recently, production of SAA in engineered Escherichia coli was established via the artificial biosynthetic pathway of SAA on the multiple plasmids in our previous work. However, the plasmid-mediated system required to supplement expensive inducers and antibiotics during the fermentation process, restricting scale-up production of SAA...
May 16, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482592/photocrosslinkable-polyaspartamide-polylactide-copolymer-and-its-porous-scaffolds-for-chondrocytes
#6
Calogero Fiorica, Fabio Salvatore Palumbo, Giovanna Pitarresi, Gaetano Giammona
With the aim to produce, by a simple and reproducible technique, porous scaffolds potentially employable for tissue engineering purposes, in this work, we have synthesized a methacrylate (MA) copolymer of α,β-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-dl-aspartamide (PHEA) and polylactic acid (PLA). PHEA-PLA-MA has been dissolved in organic solvent at different concentrations in the presence of NaCl particles with different granulometry, and through UV irradiation and further salt leaching technique, various porous scaffolds have been prepared...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457379/electrospun-phea-pla-pcl-scaffold-for-vascular-regeneration-a-preliminary-in%C3%A2-vivo-evaluation
#7
S Buscemi, V D Palumbo, A Maffongelli, S Fazzotta, F S Palumbo, M Licciardi, C Fiorica, R Puleio, G Cassata, L Fiorello, G Buscemi, A I Lo Monte
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the development of vessel substitutes, and many studies are currently focusing on the development of biodegradable scaffolds capable of fostering vascular regeneration. We tested a new biocompatible and biodegradable material with mechanical properties similar to those of blood vessels. METHODS: The material used comprises a mixture of α,β-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-d,l-aspartamide (PHEA) and polylactic acid (PLA), combined with polycaprolactone (PCL) by means of electrospinning technique...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457378/electrospun-polyhydroxyethyl-aspartamide-polylactic-acid-scaffold-for-biliary-duct-repair-a-preliminary-in%C3%A2-vivo-evaluation
#8
S Buscemi, G Damiano, S Fazzotta, A Maffongelli, V D Palumbo, S Ficarella, C Fiorica, G Cassata, M Licciardi, F S Palumbo, L Gulotta, G Buscemi, A I Lo Monte
Tissue engineering has emerged as a new approach with the potential to overcome the limitations of traditional therapies. The objective of this study was to test whether our polymeric scaffold is able to resist the corrosive action of bile and to support a cell's infiltration and neoangiogenesis with the aim of using it as a biodegradable tissue substitute for serious bile duct injuries. In particular, a resorbable electrospun polyhydroxyethyl-aspartamide-polylactic acid (90 mol% PHEA, 10 mol% PLA)/polycaprolactone (50:50 w/w) plate scaffold was implanted into rabbit gallbladder to assess the in vivo effects of the lytic action of the bile on the scaffold structure and then as a tubular scaffold to create a biliary-digestive anastomosis as well...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416401/polymeric-nanoparticles-for-sirna-delivery-production-and-applications
#9
Gennara Cavallaro, Carla Sardo, Emanuela Fabiola Craparo, Barbara Porsio, Gaetano Giammona
Gene therapy through the use of siRNA and a polymeric carrier are becoming an efficient therapeutic option to conventional pharmaceutical formulations for the treatment of deadly diseases, such as cancer, pulmonary, ocular and neurodegenerative diseases. However, several considerations regarding the stability, formulation, and efficacy have to be faced up until these systems could be considered to be a marketable pharmaceutical products for to extend siRNA application to clinical practice. This review is focused on the key challenges of siRNA therapeutics, with special attention on the faced obstacles and on the formulation-related difficulties, providing a list of requirements needed for obtaining an ideal carrier for siRNA...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397883/chemical-and-mechanical-modulation-of-polymeric-micelle-assembly
#10
Nicholas E Clay, Joseph J Whittenberg, Jiayu Leong, Vivek Kumar, Jinrong Chen, Insil Choi, Evangelos Liamas, Jeremy M Schieferstein, Jae Hyun Jeong, Dong Hyun Kim, Zhenyu Jason Zhang, Paul J A Kenis, Il Won Kim, Hyunjoon Kong
Recently, polymeric micelles self-assembled from amphiphilic polymers have been studied for various industrial and biomedical applications. This nanoparticle self-assembly typically occurs in a solvent-exchange process. In this process, the quality of the resulting particles is uncontrollably mediated by polymeric solubility and mixing conditions. Here, we hypothesized that improving the solubility of an amphiphilic polymer in an organic solvent via chemical modification while controlling the mixing rate of organic and aqueous phases would enhance control over particle morphology and size...
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383273/near-infrared-light-responsive-folate-targeted-gold-nanorods-for-combined-photothermal-chemotherapy-of-osteosarcoma
#11
Anna Li Volsi, Cinzia Scialabba, Valeria Vetri, Gennara Cavallaro, Mariano Licciardi, Gaetano Giammona
Folate-targeted gold nanorods (GNRs) are proposed as selective theranostic agents for osteosarcoma treatment. An amphiphilic polysaccharide based graft-copolymer (INU-LA-PEG-FA) and an amino derivative of the α,β-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-d,l-aspartamide functionalized with folic acid (PHEA-EDA-FA), have been synthesized to act as coating agents for GNRs. The obtained polymer-coated GNRs were characterized in terms of size, shape, zeta potential, chemical composition, and aqueous stability. They protected the anticancer drug nutlin-3 and were able to deliver it efficiently in different physiological media...
April 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119125/galactosylated-polyaspartamide-copolymers-for-sirna-targeted-delivery-to-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#12
Gennara Cavallaro, Rossella Farra, Emanuela Fabiola Craparo, Carla Sardo, Barbara Porsio, Gaetano Giammona, Francesca Perrone, Mario Grassi, Gabriele Pozzato, Gabriele Grassi, Barbara Dapas
The limited efficacy of available treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) requires the development of novel therapeutic approaches. We synthesized a novel cationic polymer based on α,β-poly-(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-d,L-aspartamide (PHEA) for drug delivery to HCC cells. The copolymer was synthesized by subsequent derivatization of PHEA with diethylene triamine (DETA) and with a polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivative bearing galactose (GAL) molecules, obtaining the cationic derivative PHEA-DETA-PEG-GAL. PHEA-DETA-PEG-GAL has suitable chemical-physical characteristics for a potential systemic use and can effectively deliver a siRNA (siE2F1) targeted against the transcription factor E2F1, a gene product involved in HCC...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093325/gold-nanostar-polymer-hybrids-for-sirna-delivery-polymer-design-towards-colloidal-stability-and-in-vitro-studies-on-breast-cancer-cells
#13
Carla Sardo, Barbara Bassi, Emanuela F Craparo, Cinzia Scialabba, Elisa Cabrini, Giacomo Dacarro, Agnese D'Agostino, Angelo Taglietti, Gaetano Giammona, Piersandro Pallavicini, Gennara Cavallaro
To overcome the low bioavailability of siRNA (small interfering RNA) and to improve their transfection efficiency, the use of non-viral delivery carriers is today a feasible approach to transform the discovery of these incredibly potent and versatile drugs into clinical practice. Polymer-modified gold nanoconstructs (AuNCs) are currently viewed as efficient and safe intracellular delivery carriers for siRNA, as they have the possibility to conjugate the ability to stably entrap and deliver siRNAs inside cells with the advantages of gold nanoparticles, which can act as theranostic agents and radiotherapy enhancers through laser-induced hyperthermia...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049530/metabolic-engineering-of-indole-pyruvic-acid-biosynthesis-in-escherichia-coli-with-tdid
#14
Yelin Zhu, Yan Hua, Biao Zhang, Lianhong Sun, Wenjie Li, Xin Kong, Jiong Hong
BACKGROUND: Indole pyruvic acid (IPA) is a versatile platform intermediate and building block for a number of high-value products in the pharmaceutical and food industries. It also has a wide range of applications, such as drugs for the nervous system, cosmetics, and luminophores. Chemical synthesis of IPA is a complicated and costly process. Moreover, through the biosynthesis route employing L-amino acid oxidase, the byproduct hydrogen peroxide leads the degradation of IPA. TdiD, identified as a specific tryptophan aminotransferase, could be an alternative solution for efficient IPA biosynthesis...
January 3, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013164/polymeric-drug-delivery-micelle-like-nanocarriers-for-pulmonary-administration-of-beclomethasone-dipropionate
#15
D Triolo, E F Craparo, B Porsio, C Fiorica, G Giammona, G Cavallaro
In this paper, the potential of novel polymeric micelles as drug delivery systems for Beclomethasone Dipropionate (BDP) administration into the lung is investigated. These nanostructures are obtained starting from α,β-poly(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-d,l-aspartamide (PHEA), which was subsequently functionalized with O-(2-aminoethyl)-O'-methylpolyethylenglycole (PEG2000), ethylenediamine (EDA) and lipoic acid (LA), obtaining PHEA-PEG2000-EDA-LA graft copolymer. Empty and drug-loaded micelles possess adequate chemical-physical characteristics for pulmonary administration such as spherical shape, slightly positive surface charge and mean size of about 200nm...
March 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993030/biocompatible-polyion-complex-micelles-synthesized-from-arborescent-polymers
#16
Vo Thu An Nguyen, Marie-Claire De Pauw-Gillet, Olivier Sandre, Mario Gauthier
Water-dispersible polyion complex (PIC) micelles were prepared by the self-assembly of an arborescent polystyrene-graft-poly(2-vinylpyridine) copolymer (denoted G0PS-g-P2VP or G1) serving as core and a poly(acrylic acid)-block-poly(2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) (PAA-b-PHEA) double-hydrophilic block copolymer (DHBC) forming a shell. Varying the density of hydrophilic polymer chains in the stabilizing layer provided control over the size and structure of the entities obtained, from large flocculated species to stable isolated PIC micelles with diameters ranging from 42 to 67 nm...
December 20, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965953/metabolic-engineering-of-pseudomonas-putida-kt2440-for-the-production-of-para-hydroxy-benzoic-acid
#17
Shiqin Yu, Manuel R Plan, Gal Winter, Jens O Krömer
para-Hydroxy benzoic acid (PHBA) is the key component for preparing parabens, a common preservatives in food, drugs, and personal care products, as well as high-performance bioplastics such as liquid crystal polymers. Pseudomonas putida KT2440 was engineered to produce PHBA from glucose via the shikimate pathway intermediate chorismate. To obtain the PHBA production strain, chorismate lyase UbiC from Escherichia coli and a feedback resistant 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase encoded by gene aroG(D146N) were overexpressed individually and simultaneously...
2016: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895484/the-effect-of-dexamethasone-cell-penetrating-peptide-nanoparticles-on-gene-delivery-for-inner-ear-therapy
#18
Ji Young Yoon, Keum-Jin Yang, Shi-Nae Park, Dong-Kee Kim, Jong-Duk Kim
Dexamethasone (Dex)-loaded PHEA-g-C18-Arg8 (PCA) nanoparticles (PCA/Dex) were developed for the delivery of genes to determine the synergistic effect of Dex on gene expression. The cationic PCA nanoparticles were self-assembled to create cationic micelles containing an octadecylamine (C18) core with Dex and an arginine 8 (Arg8) peptide shell for electrostatic complexation with nucleic acids (connexin 26 [Cx26] siRNA, green fluorescent protein [GFP] DNA or brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF] pDNA). The PCA/Dex nanoparticles conjugated with Arg8, a cell-penetrating peptide that enhances permeability through a round window membrane in the inner ear for gene delivery, exhibited high uptake efficiency in HEI-OC1 cells...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810557/ph-degradable-pva-based-nanogels-via-photo-crosslinking-of-thermo-preinduced-nanoaggregates-for-controlled-drug-delivery
#19
Wei Chen, Yong Hou, Zhaoxu Tu, Lingyan Gao, Rainer Haag
pH-Degradable PVA nanogels, which are prepared by photo-crosslinking thermo-preinduced PVA nanoaggregates in water without any surfactants or toxic organic solvents, are used for intracellular PTX release and anticancer treatment. These nanogels fast degraded at mildly acidic conditions with a pH-triggered PTX release, and the degradation products are only native PVA and poly(hydroxyethyl acrylate) (PHEA) as well as acetaldehyde without any toxic byproducts. The nanogel sizes could be tailored by different temperatures during the crosslinking process...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680538/engineering-of-a-microbial-coculture-of-escherichia-coli-strains-for-the-biosynthesis-of-resveratrol
#20
José M Camacho-Zaragoza, Georgina Hernández-Chávez, Fabian Moreno-Avitia, René Ramírez-Iñiguez, Alfredo Martínez, Francisco Bolívar, Guillermo Gosset
BACKGROUND: Resveratrol is a plant natural product with many health-protecting effects which makes it an attractive chemical both for academic studies and industrial purposes. However, the low quantities naturally produced by plants as well as the unsustainable procedures of extraction, purification and concentration have prompted many biotechnological approaches to produce this chemical in large quantities from renewable sources. None of these approaches have considered a microbial coculture strategy to produce this compound...
September 29, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
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