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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931251/managing-arterial-injury-in-endoscopic-skull-base-surgery-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alicia Del Carmen Becerra Romero, Jagath Lal Gangadharan, Evan D Bander, Yves Pierre Gobin, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The most feared complications following endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery are arterial vascular injuries. Previously published literature is restricted to internal carotid artery injuries. The ideal method for controlling arterial bleeding during this kind of procedure is debated, and a variety of techniques have been advocated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management and outcome following intraoperative arterial injury during endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931106/a-case-of-prethoracic-pain-radiating-upward-and-initiating-nervus-intermedius-neuralgia-and-migraine-headache-could-epicrania-fugax-pain-start-in-the-upper-body
#2
Yu Wang, Pei-Lin Kan, Yuan-Feng Tao, Xiao-Yan Li, Xiao-Juan Yang, Gui-Ling Liang
Epicrania fugax (EF) was recently classified as a primary headache in the Appendix of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, third edition (ICHD-III). It is characterized by a paroxysmal pain rapidly radiating forward or backward along a linear or zigzag trajectory on the surface of the head. This article reports a 76-year-old woman who newly developed a paroxysmal EF-type pain distributed not only in the territories of the trigeminal and occipital nerves, but also in the territories of the cervical and thoracic nerves...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930960/prehospital-administration-of-freeze-dried-plasma-is-it-the-solution-for-trauma-casualties
#3
Amir Shlaifer, Maya Siman-Tov, Irina Radomislensky, Kobi Peleg, Avi Shina, Erez Nachum Baruch, Elon Glassberg, Avraham Yitzhak
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of possible preventable death in the battlefield. There is an increasing evidence for the effectiveness of blood component therapy in general, and plasma infusion in particular but their use is less applicable in the prehospital setting due to logistic difficulties. Israeli Defense Force has implemented the use of freeze-dried plasma (FDP) at the point of injury (POI), this adoption of FDP use entailed doubts regarding the feasibility and effectiveness of this practice...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930919/2017-military-supplement-mini-review-perfluorocarbons-oxygen-transport-and-microcirculation-in-low-flow-states-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-studies
#4
Ivo P Torres Filho
The in vivo study of microvascular oxygen transport requires accurate and challenging measurements of several mass transfer parameters. Although recommended, blood flow and oxygenation are typically not measured in many studies where treatments for ischemia are tested. Therefore, the aim of this communication is to briefly review cardinal aspects of oxygen transport, and the effects of perfluorocarbon treatment on blood flow and oxygenation based mostly on studies performed in our laboratory. Since physiologically relevant events in oxygen transport take place at the microvascular level, we implemented the phosphorescence quenching technique coupled with non-invasive intravital videomicroscopy for quantitative evaluation of these events in vivo...
September 19, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930845/pure-laparoscopic-donor-right-hepatectomy-in-a-living-donor-with-type-3a-biliary-variation-a-case-report
#5
Young Seok Han, Heontak Ha, Hyung Jun Kwon, Jae Min Chun
RATIONALE: With refinements in the operative technique, laparoscopic surgery has become the standard practice for liver resection. In the field of living donor liver transplantation, a few centers adopted laparoscopic surgery as an alternative to conventional open donor hepatectomy, and the application of pure laparoscopic donor right hepatectomy has been limited to the donors with simple, favorable biliary anatomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: The candidate donor was a 19-year-old woman with type 3a bile duct variation...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930766/palinacousis-palinacousis-seven-new-cases
#6
Madeline C Fields, Lara V Marcuse, Ji-Yeoun Yoo, Saadi Ghatan
PURPOSE: Palinacousis is an auditory illusion of sound persisting or repeating after the cessation of an auditory stimulation. Up until now, approximately 32 cases have been reported. The purpose of this study is to describe an additional seven cases of palinacousis and review our understanding of audition and palinacousis. METHODS: Patients seen in the epilepsy clinic or admitted to the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) at The Mount Sinai Hospital who experienced palinacousis were included...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930428/ion-transport-in-confined-geometries-below-the-nanoscale-access-resistance-dominates-protein-channel-conductance-in-diluted-solutions
#7
Antonio Alcaraz, M Lidón López, María Queralt-Martín, Vicente M Aguilella
Synthetic nanopores and mesoscopic protein channels have common traits like the importance of electrostatic interactions between the permeating ions and the nanochannel. Ion transport at the nanoscale occurs under confinement conditions so that the usual assumptions made in microfluidics are challenged, among others, by interfacial effects such as access resistance (AR). Here we show that a sound interpretation of electrophysiological measurements in terms of channel ion selective properties requires the consideration of interfacial effects, up to the point that they dominate protein channel conductance in diluted solutions...
September 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930260/association-between-auricular-signals-and-the-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Lorna Kwai Ping Suen, Chao Hsing Yeh, Simon Kai Wang Yeung, Jojo Yee Mei Kwan, Hon Fat Wong, David Chan, Alice Siu Ping Cheung, Vincent Tok Fai Yeung
Objective: This study aims to determine the association between auricular signals and the risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS). Methods: A case-control study with an equal number of cases and controls matched by age group and gender was conducted. A total of 204 participants were recruited. Patients were verified as having MS based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Auricular assessment was conducted in the following sequence: visual inspection, electrical skin resistance test (ESRT), and pressure pain test (PPT)...
June 25, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930191/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Nitin Shivappa, Justyna Godos, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Gabriele Piuri, Attilio F Speciani, Giuseppe Grosso
Diet and chronic inflammation of the colon have been suggested to be risk factors in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). The possible link between inflammatory potential of diet, measured through the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII(®)), and CRC has been investigated in several populations across the world. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis on studies exploring this association. Data from nine studies were eligible, of which five were case-control and four were cohort studies. Results from meta-analysis showed a positive association between increasing DII scores, indicating a pro-inflammatory diet, and CRC...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929973/vermont-a-multi-perspective-visual-interactive-platform-for-mutational-analysis
#10
Alexandre V Fassio, Pedro M Martins, Samuel da S Guimarães, Sócrates S A Junior, Vagner S Ribeiro, Raquel C de Melo-Minardi, Sabrina de A Silveira
BACKGROUND: A huge amount of data about genomes and sequence variation is available and continues to grow on a large scale, which makes experimentally characterizing these mutations infeasible regarding disease association and effects on protein structure and function. Therefore, reliable computational approaches are needed to support the understanding of mutations and their impacts. Here, we present VERMONT 2.0, a visual interactive platform that combines sequence and structural parameters with interactive visualizations to make the impact of protein point mutations more understandable...
September 13, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929699/-transmission-and-development-of-foreign-medicinal-materials-in-the-tang-and-song-dynasties
#11
Meng-Hua Wu, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Hui Cao
Many foreign medicinal materials that were imported to China via the Silk Road and maritime trade have enriched Chinese medicine. Imported foreign medicines reached a high point by the Tang and Song Dynasties, particularly in the case of aromatic medicines, which supplemented domestic Chinese aromatics and were widely employed in official dispensaries in the Song Dynasty. This study investigated historical records related to imported Chinese medicines in the Tang and Song periods, focusing on their varieties, quantity, use, and localization trends...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929594/epicardial-collateral-channel-for-retrograded-recanalization-of-chronic-total-occlusion-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-predictors-of-failure-and-procedural-outcome
#12
Zehan Huang, Dunliang Ma, Bin Zhang, Aba A Folson, Jingye Lin, Kaize Wu, Hongtao Liao, Zhian Zhong
OBJECTIVES: This study set out to identify significant lesion features of chronic total occlusion (CTO) that predict successful retrograde recanalization via epicardial collateral channels (CCs). BACKGROUND: Epicardial CCs remain essential in retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of CTO. However, the unpredictability of success and occurrence of complications limit the application of epicardial CCs for retrograde PCI technique for CTO. METHODS: 103 retro-recanalization cases were analyzed using epicardial CCs with successful recanalization as an end point...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929402/characteristics-of-laws-requiring-physicians-to-report-patient-information-for-public-health-surveillance-notable-patterns-from-a-nevada-case-study
#13
Maxim Gakh, Brian Labus, Brittany Walker
Laws across the globe require healthcare providers to disclose patient health information to public health entities for surveillance and intervention purposes. Physicians play a unique role in such mandatory reporting regimes. However, research reveals consistent under-reporting and points to limited knowledge of mandates, perceived burdens of reporting, misaligned incentives and penalties, and a lack of streamlined processes as significant reporting barriers. These barriers suggest that how legal mandates are structured may impact compliance; yet little research systematically examines their characteristics...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929347/an-ethical-assessment-model-for-digital-disease-detection-technologies
#14
Kerstin Denecke
Digital epidemiology, also referred to as digital disease detection (DDD), successfully provided methods and strategies for using information technology to support infectious disease monitoring and surveillance or understand attitudes and concerns about infectious diseases. However, Internet-based research and social media usage in epidemiology and healthcare pose new technical, functional and formal challenges. The focus of this paper is on the ethical issues to be considered when integrating digital epidemiology with existing practices...
September 20, 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929286/e-waste-management-and-sustainability-a-case-study-in-brazil
#15
Luís Peres Azevedo, Fernando Gabriel da Silva Araújo, Carlos Alberto Ferreira Lagarinhos, Jorge Alberto Soares Tenório, Denise Crocce Romano Espinosa
The advancement of technology and development of new electronic and electrical equipment with a reduced life cycle has increased the need for the disposal of them (called Waste of Electric and Electronic Equipment or simply e-waste) due to defects presented during use, replacement of obsolete equipment, and ease of acquisition of new equipment. There is a lack of consumer awareness regarding the use, handling storage, and disposal of this equipment. In Brazil, the disposal of post-consumer waste is regulated by the National Solid Waste Policy, established by Law No...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929103/authorization-and-toxicity-of-veterinary-drugs-and-plant-protection-products-residues-of-the-active-ingredients-in-food-and-feed-and-toxicity-problems-related-to-adjuvants
#16
REVIEW
Szandra Klátyik, Péter Bohus, Béla Darvas, András Székács
Chemical substances applied in animal husbandry or veterinary medicine and in crop protection represent substantial environmental loads, and their residues occur in food and feed products. Product approval is governed differently in these two sectors in the European Union (EU), and the occurrence of veterinary drug (VD) and pesticide residues indicated by contamination notification cases in the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed of the EU also show characteristic differences. While the initial high numbers of VD residues reported in 2002 were successfully suppressed to less than 100 cases annually by 2006 and on, the number of notification cases for pesticide residues showed a gradual increase from a low (approximately 50 cases annually) initial level until 2005 to more than 250 cases annually after 2009, with a halt occurring only in 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929069/our-experience-of-treating-wide-spectrum-of-external-ear-canal-atresia-of-different-etiologies-in-pediatric-patients
#17
Kranti Bhavana
External auditory canal atresia (EACA) is a common otologic condition. Etiology can vary from congenital to acquired causes. It causes considerable difficulty to the patient. Bilateral ear canal atresia in children can lead to speech delays due to hearing impairment caused by this condition. Though easily diagnosed it is one of the most difficult conditions to treat. Acquired conditions can affect any age group. Restenosis following treatment is very common. This article focuses on the treatment of EACA due to different etiologies and emphasizes on special points of surgical treatment and follow up...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929019/heterologous-expression-of-plasmodium-vivax-apical-membrane-antigen-1-pvama1-for-binding-peptide-selection
#18
Ching Hoong Chew, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Kek Heng Chua
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium is an obligate intracellular parasite. Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is the most prominent and well characterized malarial surface antigen that is essential for parasite-host cell invasion, i.e., for sporozoite to invade and replicate within hepatocytes in the liver stage and merozoite to penetrate and replicate within erythrocytes in the blood stage. AMA1 has long served as a potent antimalarial drug target and is a pivotal vaccine candidate. A good understanding of the structure and molecular function of this Plasmodium protein, particularly its involvement in host-cell adhesion and invasion, is of great interest and hence it offers an attractive target for the development of novel therapeutics...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928342/reforming-pathology-teaching-in-medical-college-by-peer-assisted-learning-and-student-oriented-interest-building-activities-a-pilot-study
#19
Sumit Grover, Neena Sood, Anurag Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is a teaching-learning method in which students act as peer teachers and help other students to learn while also themselves learning by teaching. PAL through modified interest building activities (MIBAs) is seldom tried in teaching pathology in medical colleges. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of peer teaching using MIBA, obtain feedback from students, and compare different activities with each other and with traditional teaching-learning methods...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928056/-vaccine-hesitancy-discourse-analysis-of-parents-who-have-not-fully-or-partially-vaccinated-their-children
#20
Maite Cruz Piqueras, Ainhoa Rodríguez García de Cortazar, Joaquín Hortal Carmona, Javier Padilla Bernáldez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and understand vaccination hesitancy discourses, particularly those of people who have decided not to vaccinate their sons and daughters. METHODS: Qualitative study of five individual interviews and two focus groups with people who chose not to vaccinate their children in the province of Granada (Spain). RESULTS: Mothers and fathers manifest a system of health beliefs different to the biomedical paradigm. From an ethical point of view, they justify their position based on the right to autonomy and responsibility for their decisions...
September 16, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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