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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528530/evaluation-of-ratite-skinning-force-in-order-to-fix-plant-and-mechanical-solutions
#1
Biagio Bianchi
The skin is the most requested product of ratite slaughter and 'first-rate' ratite's skin has a high economic market. Ostrich hide is tanned in South Africa and sold all over the world. Besides, the ostrich meat is considered a niche production in the marketplace, thus allowing for another pro t for the ostrich breeding. Theorical analysis of skinning process has been carried out, and an automatic measurement system has been designed to record the drawing-force on the animal's body during skinning tests. The aim of this study was to indentify the best animal position and provide values of drawing-force in order to design a speci c machine for ostrich skinning...
May 12, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528511/met-overexpression-and-gene-amplification-prevalence-clinico-pathological-characteristics-and-prognostic-significance-in-a-large-cohort-of-patients-with-surgically-resected-nsclc
#2
William Sterlacci, Michael Fiegl, Mathias Gugger, Lukas Bubendorf, Spasenija Savic, Alexandar Tzankov
The prevalence of overexpression and amplification of the proto-oncogene mesenchymal epithelial transition (MET) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) varies greatly in the literature. Since MET is a potential treatment target, knowledge of its prevalence and prognostic importance is crucial. We investigated MET expression and gene status in 735 NSCLC cases using tissue microarrays. Prognostic significance as well as correlations with various clinico-pathological parameters were evaluated. The prevalence of MET overexpression was 17% and MET amplification was present in 2...
May 20, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528378/trabeculotomy-opening-size-and-iop-reduction-after-trabectome%C3%A2-surgery
#3
Thomas Wecker, Alexandra Anton, Matthias Neuburger, Jens F Jordan, Christian van Oterendorp
BACKGROUND: Trabeculotomy with the Trabectome® is an effective surgical procedure to lower intraocular pressure (IOP). However, in some patients it does not lead to a significant IOP reduction despite a gonioscopically well visible opening of Schlemm's canal. This study investigated whether the size of the trabeculotomy opening and other parameters, including anterior chamber depth (ACD) are related to IOP reduction. METHODS: Retrospective observational case series with 93 eyes of 93 patients who underwent Trabectome surgery...
May 20, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528359/anatomic-basis-of-le-fort-1-impaction-osteotomy-a-radiological-study
#4
Rivka Bendrihem, Christian Vacher, Audrey Fohlen, Jean-Pierre Pelage
PURPOSE: In Le Fort 1 osteotomy when a maxillary impaction is necessary, surgeons have to face different anatomical problems. (1) To determine the best bone resection route, they have to consider the situation of dental roots, infraorbital foramen and maxillary artery. (2) In case of Le Fort 1 osteotomy combined with a mandibular sagittal split osteotomy, the palate has to be replaced in horizontal position although there is no anatomical landmark. (3) In case of Gummy smiles, it can be due to either long face or short upper lip...
May 20, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527701/reasons-for-and-functional-results-of-repeated-hip-arthroscopy-a-continuous-prospective-study-of-17-revisions-out-of-295-primary-hip-arthroscopies-at-mean-28-months-follow-up
#5
C Tissot, L Merlini, M Mercier, N Bonin
INTRODUCTION: The rate of iterative arthroscopy has been increasing over the last decade as the technique has grown. The results of and reasons for these revision procedures, however, are not exactly known. We therefore conducted a prospective study to shed light on 1) functional results and patient satisfaction following repeated arthroscopy, and 2) the relevant indications. HYPOTHESIS: Functional scores and patient satisfaction increase following repeated arthroscopy...
May 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527545/comparing-effects-of-two-different-types-of-nei-guan-acupuncture-stimulation-devices-in-reducing-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#6
Hanna Oh, Bo Hwan Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of a relief band using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation with a wrist band using acupressure on the Nei-Guan acupuncture point to relieve postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients who had undergone gynecologic surgery. DESIGN: A double-blinded randomized controlled trial. METHODS: In total, 54 patients scheduled for gynecologic surgery under general anesthesia were included in this study...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527420/factors-predictive-of-locoregional-recurrence-following-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-large-operable-or-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-an-analysis-of-the-eortc-10994-big-1-00-study
#7
Pauline Gillon, Nathan Touati, Christel Breton-Callu, Leen Slaets, David Cameron, Hervé Bonnefoi
PURPOSE: Identification of clinicopathological factors predicting for a locoregional recurrence (LRR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) could help to decide on the optimal locoregional radiotherapy. The objective of this trial is to identify those factors in the context of a phase III trial (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 10994). METHODS: Patients received NAC followed by surgery with or without radiotherapy. Radiotherapy was administered according to pre-specified guidelines...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527217/protein-phosphorylation-is-a-key-mechanism-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Joana Oliveira, Márcio Costa, Maria Soares Cachide de Almeida, Odete A B da Cruz E Silva, Ana Gabriela Henriques
Altered protein phosphorylation states of several proteins are closely associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among these are the amyloid-β precursor protein (AβPP) and the tau protein. In fact, altered protein phosphorylation states already provide strong biomarkers for AD diagnosis, as is the case with hyperphosphorylated tau. It follows that modulating signaling cascades provides an attractive avenue for exploring novel therapeutic strategies. This review focuses on some of the major protein kinases and protein phosphatases relevant to AD...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526814/kras-and-gnas-co-mutation-in-metastatic-low-grade-appendiceal-mucinous-neoplasm-lamn-to-the-ovaries-a-practical-role-for-next-generation-sequencing
#9
Daniel R Matson, Jin Xu, Laura Huffman, Lisa Barroilhet, Molly Accola, William M Rehrauer, Paul Weisman
BACKGROUND Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (LAMNs) are cytologically low-grade tumors of the appendix and are a frequent cause of pseudomyxoma peritonei. They can become a diagnostic challenge when they metastasize to the ovaries, where they may mimic primary ovarian mucinous tumors. CASE REPORT We report the case of a patient with very large bilateral ovarian mucinous tumors and a concurrent minute LAMN incidentally discovered in a grossly normal appendix. A primary ovarian tumor was suspected, but histological analysis of the ovaries suggested an appendiceal origin...
May 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526284/low-bone-mineral-density-may-be-associated-with-long-term-risk-of-cancer-in-the-middle-aged-population-a-retrospective-observational-study-from-a-single-center
#10
Hsin-Fu Lee, Chiao-En Wu, Yu-Sheng Lin, Jaw-Shan Hwang, Chu-Hua Wu, Pao-Hsien Chu
BACKGROUND: It is generally understood that cancer patients are at an increased risk for osteoporosis. Additionally, recent studies have suggested a shared pathophysiological mechanism between the development of cancer and osteoporosis. The purpose of this investigation was to investigate whether low bone mineral density is associated with cancer risk. METHODS: We enrolled 8780 subjects who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and cancer screening from January 1, 2008-December 31, 2012 from a cohort selected from Chang Gung Health Care Center in Taiwan...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525581/tutorial-speech-assessment-for-multilingual-children-who-do-not-speak-the-same-language-s-as-the-speech-language-pathologist
#11
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Verdon
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech, which comprises 46 researchers (SLPs, linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists) who have worked in 43 countries and used 27 languages in professional practice...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525494/optimal-entry-point-and-trajectory-for-anterior-c1-lateral-mass-screw
#12
Yong Hu, Wei-Xin Dong, William Ryan Spiker, Zhen-Shan Yuan, Xiao-Yang Sun, Jiao Zhang, Hui Xie, Todd J Albert
STUDY DESIGN: A radiographic analysis of the anatomy of the C1 lateral mass using computed tomography (CT) scans and Mimics software. OBJECTIVE: To define the anatomy of the C1 lateral mass and make recommendations for optimal entry point and trajectory for anterior C1 lateral mass screws. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although various posterior insertion angles and entry points for screw insertion have been proposed for posterior C1 lateral mass screws, no large series have been performed to assess the ideal entry point and optimal trajectory for anterior C1 lateral mass screw placement...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525474/anatomy-of-lamina-in-the-subaxial-cervical-spine-with-the-special-reference-to-translaminar-screws-ct-and-cadaveric-analysis-with-screw-trajectory-simulation
#13
Woojin Cho, Jason T Le, Adam L Shimer, Brian C Werner, John A Glaser, Francis H Shen
STUDY DESIGN: A cadaveric study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Translaminar screws were initially developed for C2 fixation. Since then, their usage has expanded to include the subaxial cervical spine, and thoracic and lumbar spine. To the best of our knowledge, special anatomy for inserting translaminar screws in the subaxial cervical spine has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To report the special anatomy for inserting translaminar screws in the subaxial cervical spine...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525473/is-total-disk-replacement-a-cost-effective-treatment-for-cervical-degenerative-disk-disease
#14
Bernd Wiedenhöfer, Joachim Nacke, Mike Stephan, Wiltrud Richter, Claus Carstens, Markus Eichler
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness and clinical outcome of motion-preserving versus fusion procedures in cervical spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: During the last decade there has been a huge growth in spine surgery with a concurrent increase in the economic burden. Currently, there appear to be no differences in clinical outcome between cervical total disk replacement (TDR) and spinal fusion (SF)...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525459/the-impact-of-a-bayesian-penalized-likelihood-reconstruction-algorithm-on-the-evaluation-of-indeterminate-pulmonary-nodules-by-dual-time-point-18f-fdg-pet-ct
#15
Tiago Sampaio Vieira, Diogo Borges Faria, Fernando Azevedo Silva, Francisco Pimentel, José Pereira de Oliveira
We present the case of a patient with history of colon cancer, referred for the evaluation of indeterminate pulmonary nodules by F-FDG PET/CT. A dual-time point protocol was performed, and images were reconstructed using VUE Point HD and a Bayesian-penalized likelihood reconstruction algorithm (Q.Clear). Visually, the quality of the images was considered better when Q.Clear was used with β value of 200, uptake in the smallest nodule (7 mm) was clearly visible only with Q.Clear reconstruction, and uptake in the smaller nodules was best defined in the delayed time point acquisition...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524033/-procedural-analysis-of-acid-base-balance-disorder-case-serials-in-4-patents
#16
Chunyuan Ma, Guijie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To establish the standardization process of acid-base balance analysis, analyze cases of acid-base balance disorder with the aid of acid-base balance coordinate graph. METHODS: The acid-base balance theory were reviewed systematically on recent research progress, and the important concepts, definitions, formulas, parameters, regularity and inference in the analysis of acid-base balance were studied. The analysis of acid-base balance disordered processes and steps were figured...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523898/case-series-study-of-the-efficacy-of-compounded-antibacterial-steroid-and-moisturizer-in-atopic-dermatitis
#17
Fatima Lakhani, Kachiu Lee, Peter A Lio
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated that the use of a topical antimicrobial combined with a steroid may benefit patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), but modern guidelines discourage the use of antimicrobials in treating this condition. We sought to evaluate the degree of improvement in the severity and extent of AD lesions after using a compounded antibacterial, steroid, and moisturizer (CASM). METHODS: This was a nonblinded retrospective review of patients with AD treated using CASM...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523827/statistical-model-based-hplc-analytical-method-adjustment-strategy-to-adapt-to-different-sets-of-analytes-in-complicated-samples
#18
Binjun Yan, Xue Bai, Yunjie Sheng, Fanzhu Li
INTRODUCTION: On account of the complicated compositions of the products like traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) and functional foods, it is a common practice to determine different sets of analytes in the same product for different purposes. OBJECTIVE: To efficiently develop the corresponding HPLC methods, a statistical model based analytical method adjustment (SMB-AMA) strategy was proposed. METHODS: In this strategy, the HPLC data acquired with design of experiments methodology were efficiently utilised to build the retention models for all the analytes and interferences shown in the chromatograms with multivariate statistical modelling methods...
May 19, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523651/microstructure-and-nanomechanical-properties-of-single-stalks-from-diatom-didymosphenia-geminata-and-their-change-due-to-adsorption-of-selected-metal-ions
#19
Izabela Zgłobicka, Adrian Chlanda, Michał Woźniak, Maciej Łojkowski, Robert Szoszkiewicz, Marta Mazurkiewicz-Pawlicka, Wojciech Święszkowski, Elżbieta Wyroba, Krzysztof J Kurzydłowski
We present topographical and nanomechanical characterization of single Didymosphenia geminata stalks. We compared the samples before and after adsorption of metal ions from fresh water samples. Transmission electron microscopy studies of single stalks cross-sections have shown three distinct layers and an additional thin extra coat on the external layer (called here "EL"). Using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) we found that topography of single stalks after ionic adsorption differs significantly from topography of pristine stalks...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523646/phylogenetics-and-ecomorphology-of-emarginate-primary-feathers
#20
Brett Klaassen van Oorschot, Ho Kwan Tang, Bret W Tobalske
Wing tip slots are a distinct morphological trait broadly expressed across the avian clade, but are generally perceived to be unique to soaring raptors. These slots are the result of emarginations on the distal leading and trailing edges of primary feathers, and allow the feathers to behave as individual airfoils. Research suggests these emarginate feathers are an adaptation to increase glide efficiency by mitigating induced drag in a manner similar to aircraft winglets. If so, we might expect birds known for gliding and soaring to exhibit emarginate feather morphology; however, that is not always the case...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Morphology
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