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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953255/metaplasia-in-the-stomach-precursor-of-gastric-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Hiroto Kinoshita, Yoku Hayakawa, Kazuhiko Koike
Despite a significant decrease in the incidence of gastric cancer in Western countries over the past century, gastric cancer is still one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Most human gastric cancers develop after long-term Helicobacter pylori infection via the Correa pathway: the progression is from gastritis, atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, to cancer. However, it remains unclear whether metaplasia is a direct precursor of gastric cancer or merely a marker of high cancer risk...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922429/giardia-duodenalis-associated-with-intestinal-metaplasia-of-the-stomach
#2
Cristian Gheorghe, Bogdan Cotruta, Gabriel Becheanu, Mona Dumbrava, Stefania Verban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918609/associations-among-gastric-juice-ph-atrophic-gastritis-intestinal-metaplasia-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#3
Jihee Sung, Nayoung Kim, Jongchan Lee, Young-Jae Hwang, Hyoung Woo Kim, Jung Wha Chung, Jin-Wook Kim, Dong Ho Lee
Background/Aims: Gastric juice plays a crucial role in the physiology of the stomach. The aim of this study is to evaluate associations among the pH of gastric juice, atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), pepsinogen, and Helicobacter pylori infection. Methods: Gastric biopsies and juice were collected from 46 subjects who underwent endoscopies at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between November 2011 and March 2013. H. pylori, AG and IM were evaluated, and pepsinogen I or II, I/II ratio and interleukin (IL)-1β levels were measured...
September 19, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881583/troy-is-expressed-in-human-stomach-mucosa-and-a-novel-putative-prognostic-marker-of-intestinal-type-gastric-cancer
#4
Franziska Wilhelm, Christine Böger, Sandra Krüger, Hans-Michael Behrens, Christoph Röcken
Epithelial stem cells of gastrointestinal tissues are characterized and controlled by an active Wnt signaling. Recently, the Wnt target gene Troy has been proposed as a neoplastic marker in the murine intestine. In this study, we explored the putative tumor biological significance of Troy in humans by using immunohistochemistry (104 cases), quantitative RT-PCR (50 cases) and cell culture experiments (MKN45, MKN74). In the non-neoplastic gastric mucosa, Troy was expressed by Muc5AC-positive foveolar epithelium, parietal cells, chief cells and cells of the intestinal metaplasia...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877809/a-review-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-specimen-histopathology
#5
Luke A Kinsinger, James C Garber, Oliver Whipple
With the increasing popularity of sleeve gastrectomy, many stomach specimens are being evaluated. Understanding the significance and treatment for unexpected pathology is important. This study examines the incidence of relevant histopathology of sleeve gastrectomy specimens. It evaluates previous data for each histopathology and provides recommendations for treatment. In this study, a retrospective review was performed for 241 patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy from 2009 to 2014 at a single institution...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868113/gastric-xanthoma-is-a-predictive-marker-for-metachronous-and-synchronous-gastric-cancer
#6
Narihiro Shibukawa, Shohei Ouchi, Shuji Wakamatsu, Yuhei Wakahara, Akira Kaneko
AIM: To investigate predictive markers for metachronous and synchronous gastric cancer (GC), which can develop after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). METHODS: A total of 352 patients underwent ESD for early GC at NTT West Osaka Hospital between June 2006 and February 2016. Exclusion criteria were as follows: Remnant stomach, unknown Helicobacter pylori status, and endoscopic observation of the whole stomach outside our hospital. We analyzed data from 192 patients comprising 109 patients with solitary GC (Group A) and 83 with metachronous and synchronous GC (Group B)...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860646/metaplasia-tissue-injury-adaptation-and-a-precursor-to-the-dysplasia-cancer-sequence
#7
REVIEW
Veronique Giroux, Anil K Rustgi
Metaplasia is the replacement of one differentiated somatic cell type with another differentiated somatic cell type in the same tissue. Typically, metaplasia is triggered by environmental stimuli, which may act in concert with the deleterious effects of microorganisms and inflammation. The cell of origin for intestinal metaplasia in the oesophagus and stomach and for pancreatic acinar-ductal metaplasia has been posited through genetic mouse models and lineage tracing but has not been identified in other types of metaplasia, such as squamous metaplasia...
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830133/-associations-between-body-mass-index-and-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-and-intestinal-metaplasia
#8
Nari Kim, Chang Ho Youn, A Sol Kim, Hae Jin Ko, Hyo Min Kim, Hana Moon, Sujung Park
Background/Aims: Chronic atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) of the stomach are premalignant lesions. The present study aimed to examine the associations between obesity and these lesions. Methods: A total of 2,997 patients, who underwent gastroscopy, participated in this study, excluding those who had been diagnosed with gastric cancer. Participants were divided into four groups based on their body mass index (BMI). The risk of AG and IM with increasing BMI was analyzed in men and women, separately...
August 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771198/prevention-of-gastric-cancer-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-and-beyond
#9
REVIEW
Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Mitsuru Nakagawa, Yuka Kiriyama, Takeshi Toyoda, Xueyuan Cao
Although its prevalence is declining, gastric cancer remains a significant public health issue. The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is known to colonize the human stomach and induce chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and gastric cancer. Results using a Mongolian gerbil model revealed that H. pylori infection increased the incidence of carcinogen-induced adenocarcinoma, whereas curative treatment of H. pylori significantly lowered cancer incidence. Furthermore, some epidemiological studies have shown that eradication of H...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768706/the-prevalence-of-cancer-associated-autoantibodies-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-and-progressive-grades-of-premalignant-lesions
#10
Irēna Meistere, Simone Werner, Pawel Zayakin, Karīna Siliņa, Undīne Rulle, Angelina Pismennaja, Daiga Šantare, Ilze Kikuste, Sergejs Isajevs, Mārcis Leja, Limas Kupčinskas, Juozas Kupčinskas, Laimas Jonaitis, Chun-Ying Wu, Hermann Brenner, Aija Linē, Zane Kalniņa
Background: Serum autoantibodies against tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) are detectable in early-stage gastric cancer patients; however, the time point during cancerogenesis when they appear in circulation is still obscure.Methods: In this study, we developed a recombinant antigen microarray and analyzed the prevalence of autoantibodies against 102 TAAs in 829 gastric cancer patients and 929 healthy controls from Caucasian and Asian populations, as well as 100 patients with chronic atrophic gastritis and 775 individuals staged according to different grades of intestinal metaplasia...
August 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668512/h-pylori-infection-increases-gastric-mucosal-cox2-and-mtor-expression-in-chronic-gastritis-implications-for-cancer-progression
#11
Dalia M Badary, Mohammed Zakaria Ali Abu Rahma, Ahmed M Ashmawy, Mohamed Z Hafez
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter Pylori is a Gram-negative bacterium that infects the human stomach and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis. H. pylori associated chronic gastritis affects various molecular markers related to gastric cancer development. The aim of this study to assess the effect of H. pylori infection on gastric mucosa and to explore its role in gastric carcinogenesis via COX2 and mTOR mucosal expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised archival blocks from 60 dyspeptic patients who underwent gastric endoscopic biopsies for histopathological examination...
September 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587343/alteration-of-stomach-microbiota-compositions-in-the-progression-of-gastritis-induces-nitric-oxide-in-gastric-cell
#12
Tianyi Dong, Qiang Feng, Fengyan Liu, Lap Kam Chang, Xiangyu Zhou, Mingyong Han, Xingsong Tian, Ning Zhong, Shili Liu
Atrophic gastritis is considered to be an antecedent to intestinal metaplasia and gastric cancer. A previous study identified that Helicobacter pylori was absent at the severe atrophic gastritis stage, and alterations in the gastric microbial composition resembled those in gastric cancer. To explore the role of the bacteria absence of H. pylori in gastric carcinogenesis, in the current study, we compared the microbiota of clinically collected H. pylori-free gastric fluids from 30 patients with non-atrophic gastritis (N) and 22 patients with severe atrophic gastritis (S)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583825/a-summary-of-the-2016-james-w-freston-conference-of-the-american-gastroenterological-association-intestinal-metaplasia-in-the-esophagus-and-stomach-origins-differences-similarities-and-significance
#13
Stuart J Spechler, Juanita L Merchant, Timothy C Wang, Parakrama Chandrasoma, James G Fox, Robert M Genta, James R Goldenring, Yoku Hayakawa, Ernst J Kuipers, Pauline K Lund, Frank McKeon, Jason C Mills, Robert D Odze, Richard M Peek, Thai Pham, Jianwen Que, Anil K Rustgi, Nicholas J Shaheen, Ramesh A Shivdasani, Rhonda F Souza, Peter Storz, Andrea Todisco, David H Wang, Nicholas A Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560292/metaplasia-in-the-stomach-arises-from-gastric-chief-cells
#14
Jason C Mills, James R Goldenring
The development of intestinal-type gastric cancer is preceded by loss of parietal cells (oxyntic atrophy) and the induction of metaplastic cell lineages in the gastric mucosa. For example, mouse models have shown that spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia can develop following oxyntic atrophy through transdifferentiation of zymogen-secreting chief cells. Evolution of spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia from chief cells occurs via a coordinated dismantling of their secretory apparatus and reprogramming of their transcriptome...
July 2017: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558410/french-comment-on-article-extending-magnifying-nbi-diagnosis-of-intestinal-metaplasia-in-the-stomach-the-white-opaque-substance-marker
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536478/hpslyd-inducing-cdx2-and-vil1-expression-mediated-through-tctp-protein-may-contribute-to-intestinal-metaplasia-in-the-stomach
#16
Qiuping Li, Yanmei Zhu, Jun Liu, Xiuwen Yu, Moye Chen, Nannan Dong, Yuehua Gong, Yuan Yuan
Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important risk factor for gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM). Our previous study demonstrated that infection with H. pylori HpslyD-positive strains associated with IM. To further investigate the signalling pathway involved in HpSlyD-induced IM, CDX2 and VIL1 expressions were determined before and after HpSlyD application. TCTP was knocked down by siRNA or overexpressed by plasmid transfection. An HpSlyD binding protein was used to block HpSlyD's enzymatic activity. The expression of CDX2 and TCTP in gastric diseases was measured by immunohistochemistry...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455161/outcomes-of-screening-gastroscopy-in-first-degree-relatives-of-patients-fulfilling-hereditary-diffuse-gastric-cancer-criteria
#17
Rachel S van der Post, Jolanda van Dieren, Anna Grelack, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge, Lizet E van der Kolk, Petur Snaebjornsson, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, J Han van Krieken, Tanya M Bisseling, Annemieke Cats
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the yield of endoscopic screening in first-degree relatives (FDRs) of CDH1-negative hereditary diffuse-type gastric cancer (HDGC) patients. METHODS: In this retrospective observational cohort study, in 2 expert centers in the Netherlands data were collected on FDRs from families fulfilling the international HDGC criteria that underwent endoscopic screening. Extensive inspection of the stomach was performed by gastroscopy, taking random and/or targeted stomach biopsy specimens to identify diffuse-type gastric cancer...
April 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451845/reflux-esophagitis-and-its-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-barrett-s-metaplasia
#18
REVIEW
Rhonda Frances Souza
Reflux esophagitis damages the squamous epithelium that normally lines the esophagus, and promotes replacement of the damaged squamous lining by the intestinal metaplasia of Barrett's esophagus, the precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Therefore, to prevent the development of Barrett's metaplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma, the pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis must be understood. We have reported that reflux esophagitis, both in a rat model and in humans, develops as a cytokine-mediated inflammatory injury (i...
July 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395383/extending-magnifying-nbi-diagnosis-of-intestinal-metaplasia-in-the-stomach-the-white-opaque-substance-marker
#19
Takao Kanemitsu, Kenshi Yao, Takashi Nagahama, Kentaro Imamura, Shoko Fujiwara, Toshiharu Ueki, Kenta Chuman, Hiroshi Tanabe, Ota Atsuko, Akinori Iwashita, Toshio Shimokawa, Kunihisa Uchita, Takashi Kanesaka
Background and aims Intestinal metaplasia (IM) of the stomach is associated with an increased risk of differentiated gastric cancer. While it is important to diagnose IM endoscopically, it can be difficult to observe by white-light endoscopy. In magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) of the stomach, a light-blue crest (LBC) is widely known to be a useful marker in the endoscopic diagnosis of IM. However, IM that exhibits only white opaque substance (WOS) without an LBC can also occur. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the presence of WOS on M-NBI of the stomach could serve as a marker of IM in the same way that an LBC does...
June 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322295/alterations-in-gastric-microbiota-after-h-pylori-eradication-and-in-different-histological-stages-of-gastric-carcinogenesis
#20
Tung Hiu Li, Youwen Qin, Pak Chung Sham, K S Lau, Kent-Man Chu, Wai K Leung
The role of bacteria other than Helicobacter pylori (HP) in the stomach remains elusive. We characterized the gastric microbiota in individuals with different histological stages of gastric carcinogenesis and after receiving HP eradication therapy. Endoscopic gastric biopsies were obtained from subjects with HP gastritis, gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM), gastric cancer (GC) and HP negative controls. Gastric microbiota was characterized by Illumina MiSeq platform targeting the 16 S rDNA. Apart from dominant H...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
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