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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645185/soil-prokaryotic-communities-in-chernobyl-waste-disposal-trench-t22-are-modulated-by-organic-matter-and-radionuclide-contamination
#1
Nicolas Theodorakopoulos, Laureline Février, Mohamed Barakat, Philippe Ortet, Richard Christen, Laurie Piette, Sviatoslav Levchuk, Karine Beaugelin-Seiller, Claire Sergeant, Catherine Berthomieu, Virginie Chapon
After the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986, contaminated soils, vegetation from the Red Forest, and other radioactive debris were buried within trenches. In this area, trench T22 has long been a pilot site for the study of radionuclide migration in soil. Here, we used 454 pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes to obtain a comprehensive view of the bacterial and archaeal diversity in soils collected inside and in the vicinity of the trench T22 and to investigate the impact of radioactive waste disposal on prokaryotic communities...
June 22, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645023/maternal-serum-pfoa-concentration-and-dna-methylation-in-cord-blood-a-pilot-study
#2
Samantha L Kingsley, Karl T Kelsey, Rondi Butler, Aimin Chen, Melissa N Eliot, Megan E Romano, Andres Houseman, Devin C Koestler, Bruce P Lanphear, Kimberly Yolton, Joseph M Braun
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), a perfluoroalkyl substance, is commonly detected in the serum of pregnant women and may impact fetal development via epigenetic re-programming. In a pilot study, we explored associations between serum PFOA concentrations during pregnancy and offspring peripheral leukocyte DNA methylation at delivery in women with high (n = 22, range: 12-26ng/mL) and low (n = 22, range: 1.1-3.1ng/mL) PFOA concentrations. After adjusting for cell type, child sex, and income, we did not find differences in CpG methylation in the two exposure groups that reached epigenome-wide significance...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644921/targeted-memory-reactivation-during-sleep-but-not-wake-enhances-sensorimotor-skill-performance-a-pilot-study
#3
Brian P Johnson, Steven M Scharf, Kelly P Westlake
The benefits of sleep on memory consolidation have been enhanced for declarative and motor sequence learning through replaying classically conditioned auditory stimuli during sleep, known as targeted memory reactivation (TMR). However, it is unknown if TMR can influence performance of a sensorimotor skill, in the absence of the cognitive requirements of sequence learning. Here, young adults performed a nondominant arm throwing task separated by a full night of sleep or a full day of wake, with half of all participants receiving TMR between sessions...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644796/design-of-an-autonomous-social-orienting-training-system-asots-for-young-children-with-autism
#4
Zhi Zheng, Qiang Fu, Huan Zhao, Amy R Swanson, Amy S Weitlauf, Zachary E Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
Social communication is among the core areas of impairment for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The training of social orientation is important for improving social communication of children with ASD. In recent years, technology-assisted ASD intervention had gained momentum due to its potential advantages in terms of precision, sustainability, flexibility and cost. In this paper, we propose a closed-loop autonomous computer system, named ASOTS, for training social orientation skills to young children with ASD...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644276/an-innovative-syringe-exchange-program
#5
Carol Potera
Nevada's pilot vending machine program encourages users to enter treatment programs.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644208/shake-it-off-a-randomized-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-pain-in-healing-burn-wounds
#6
Juliet J Ray, Angel D Alvarez, Sondra L Ulbrich, Sharon Lessner-Eisenberg, Shevonne S Satahoo, Jonathan P Meizoso, Charles A Karcutskie, Leela S Mundra, Nicholas Namias, Louis R Pizano, Carl I Schulman
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been shown to improve strength in extremities with healed burn wounds. We hypothesize that WBV reduces pain during rehabilitation compared to standard therapy alone. Patients with ≥1% TBSA burn to one or more extremities from October 2014 to December 2015 were randomized to vibration (VIBE) or control. Each burned extremity was tested separately within the assigned group. Patients underwent one to three therapy sessions (S1, S2, S3) consisting of five upper and/or lower extremity exercises with or without WBV...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644108/comparison-of-periodontal-parameters-and-self-perceived-oral-symptoms-among-cigarette-smokers-individuals-vaping-electronic-cigarettes-and-never-smokers-a-pilot-study
#7
Fawad Javed, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Hans Malmstrom, Irfan Rahman, Georgios E Romanos
BACKGROUND: There are no studies that have compared periodontal parameters and self-perceived oral symptoms (OS) among cigarette smokers (Group-1), individuals exclusively vaping electronic cigarettes (Group-2) and never-smokers (Group-3). The aim was to assess the periodontal parameters and self-perceived OS among vaping individuals, CS and NS. METHODS: Demographic data, self-perceived OS and duration and daily frequency of vaping and smoking were gathered using a questionnaire...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644086/single-dose-pharmacokinetics-of-piperacillin-tazobactam-in-hispaniolan-amazon-parrots-amazona-ventralis
#8
James W Carpenter, Thomas N Tully, Ronette Gehring, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman
To determine the pharmacokinetics of piperacillin/tazobactam in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots ( Amazona ventralis ), 8 healthy adult parrots of both sexes were used in a 2-part study. In a pilot study, piperacillin (87 mg/kg) in combination with tazobactam (11 mg/kg) was administered intramuscularly (IM) to 2 birds, and blood samples were obtained at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 10 hours after administration. Based on the results obtained, a main study was done in which piperacillin/tazobactam was administered at 2 different doses...
June 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643662/evaluation-of-a-new-technique-of-prophylactic-cervical-cerclage-simplified-from-the-shirodkar-cerclage-a-pilot-study
#9
S Bartolo, C Garabedian, P Deruelle, V Debarge, A-S Ducloy-Bouthors, D Subtil
INTRODUCTION: In terms of prophylactic cerclage, the simplest and most commonly used technique is the McDonald cervical cerclage. Cervico-isthmic cerclage techniques may have better results, but are more difficult to achieve. A simplified Shirodkar technique would have the advantage of being "cervical high" while remaining easy to achieve. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of high cervical cerclage, according to a simplified Shirodkar technique, with those of a classic McDonald cerclage, in the case of women at high risk of prematurity in an exploratory study...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643570/home-based-neurologic-music-therapy-for-arm-hemiparesis-following-stroke-results-from-a-pilot-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Alexander J Street, Wendy L Magee, Andrew Bateman, Michael Parker, Helen Odell-Miller, Jorg Fachner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial to evaluate music therapy as a home-based intervention for arm hemiparesis in stroke. DESIGN: A pilot feasibility randomized controlled trial, with cross-over design. Randomization by statistician using computer-generated, random numbers concealed in opaque envelopes. SETTING: Participants' homes across Cambridgeshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Eleven people with stroke and arm hemiparesis, 3-60 months post stroke, following discharge from community rehabilitation...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643377/randomized-feasibility-trial-to-improve-hydroxyurea-adherence-in-youth-ages-10-18-years-through-community-health-workers-the-habit-study
#11
Nancy S Green, Deepa Manwani, Sergio Matos, April Hicks, Luisa Soto, Yina Castillo, Karen Ireland, Yvonne Stennett, Sally Findley, Haomiao Jia, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: The main therapeutic intervention for sickle cell disease (SCD) is hydroxyurea (HU). The effect of HU is largely through dose-dependent induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF). Poor HU adherence is common among adolescents. METHODS: Our 6-month, two-site pilot intervention trial, "HABIT," was led by culturally aligned community health workers (CHWs). CHWs performed support primarily through home visits, augmented by tailored text message reminders. Dyads of youth with SCD ages 10-18 years and a parent were enrolled...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643096/-results-of-the-pilot-phase-of-the-age-trauma-registry-dgu%C3%A2
#12
Benjamin Bücking, Erich Hartwig, Ulrike Nienaber, Ulla Krause, Thomas Friess, Ulrich Liener, Maria Hevia, Christopher Bliemel, Matthias Knobe
BACKGROUND: Since 2014, hospitals with ortho-geriatric fracture centres could be certified as AltersTraumaZentrum DGU® in Germany. To measure the quality of treatment in these centres, a geriatric trauma registry (AltersTraumaRegister DGU®) was established. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to report the results of the pilot phase of the AltersTraumaRegister DGU® from the year 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included were 118 patients >70 years with hip fracture or implant-related femoral fractures...
June 22, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643052/the-spaced-learning-concept-significantly-improves-training-for-laparoscopic-suturing-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Michael Boettcher, Johannes Boettcher, Stefan Mietzsch, Thomas Krebs, Robert Bergholz, Konrad Reinshagen
BACKGROUND: Spaced learning has been shown to be effective in various areas like traditional knowledge or motor skill acquisition. To evaluate the impact of implementation of the spaced learning concept in laparoscopic training was the aim of this study. METHODS: To evaluate the effectiveness of spaced learning, subjects were asked to perform four surgeon's square knots on a bowel model prior and post 3 h of hands-on training. All subjects were medical students and novice in laparoscopic suturing...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642871/promoting-mental-health-in-italian-middle-and-high-school-a-pilot-study
#14
Franco Veltro, Valentina Ialenti, Manuel Alejandro Morales García, Emiliana Bonanni, Claudia Iannone, Marinella D'Innocenzo, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: In Italy, a handbook has been developed based on the principles of cooperative learning, life skills, self-effectiveness, and problem-solving at high school level. Early studies have shown the handbook's effectiveness. It has been hypothesized that the revised handbook could be more effective in middle schools. METHOD: The study design is a "pre- and posttest" that compares the results obtained from 91 students of the high schools with those of the 38 students from middle schools...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642867/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-a-single-intra-articular-injection-of-allogeneic-neonatal-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-compared-to-oral-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-treatment-on-the-postoperative-musculoskeletal-status-and-gait-of-dogs-over-a-6-month-period-after
#15
Mathieu Taroni, Quentin Cabon, Marine Fèbre, Thibaut Cachon, Nathalie Saulnier, Claude Carozzo, Stéphane Maddens, Fabrice Labadie, Clément Robert, Eric Viguier
OBJECTIVE: Compare the clinical and pressure walkway gait evolution of dogs after a tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) for a cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CrCLR) and treatment with either a 1-month course of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or a single postoperative intra-articular (IA) injection of allogeneic neonatal mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, double-blinded, randomized, controlled, monocentric clinical study...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642825/initial-development-of-the-early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-parental-self-efficacy-scale-a-pilot-study
#16
Aaron Blocher-Rubin, Paige Krabill
Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) is an effective treatment for children with autism. However, it is known that some parents struggle to fully implement the program, and providers are not always able to identify the specifics of each family's individualized challenges. The purpose of this pilot study was to begin the process of developing a new instrument, the EIBI Parental Self-Efficacy (EPSE) Scale, to help providers better assess and assist parents in regard to EIBI implementation. The methodology included four phases: scale construction, expert review, pretest administration, and a large sample pilot study (N = 192)...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642694/ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-impact-of-somatosensory-orthoses-on-postural-control-a-pilot-study
#17
Emma G Dupuy, Pascale Leconte, Elodie Vlamynck, Audrey Sultan, Christophe Chesneau, Pierre Denise, Stéphane Besnard, Boris Bienvenu, Leslie M Decker
Elhers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is the clinical manifestation of connective tissue disorders, and comprises several clinical forms with no specific symptoms and selective medical examinations which result in a delay in diagnosis of about 10 years. The EDS hypermobility type (hEDS) is characterized by generalized joint hypermobility, variable skin hyperextensibility and impaired proprioception. Since somatosensory processing and multisensory integration are crucial for both perception and action, we put forth the hypothesis that somatosensory deficits in hEDS patients may lead, among other clinical symptoms, to misperception of verticality and postural instability...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642661/customized-guide-for-femoral-component-positioning-in-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#18
Chaturong Pornrattanamaneewong, Rapeepat Narkbunnam, Keerati Chareancholvanich
OBJECTIVE: To prove the accuracy of a customized guide developed according to our method. METHODS: This customized guide was developed from a three-dimensional model of proximal femur reconstructed using computed tomography data. Based on the new technique, the position of the guide pin insertion was selected and adjusted using the reference of the anatomical femoral neck axis. The customized guide consists of a hemispheric covering designed to fit the posterior part of the femoral neck...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642640/same-day-discharge-for-laparoscopic-donor-nephrectomy
#19
Samay Jain, Barbara Saltzman, Amy Miller, Jorge Ortiz, Jenna Nofziger
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy has provided advantages of decreased postoperative pain and length of stay when compared to the open approach. We provide our results of same-day discharge for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: We examined the safety and efficacy of same-day discharge for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in a retrospective cohort analysis. This institutional review board-approved study began in July 2015, when all consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic donor nephrectomy were offered same-day discharge...
April 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642466/cognitive-and-motor-dual-task-gait-training-improve-dual-task-gait-performance-after-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#20
Yan-Ci Liu, Yea-Ru Yang, Yun-An Tsai, Ray-Yau Wang
This study investigated effects of cognitive and motor dual task gait training on dual task gait performance in stroke. Participants (n = 28) were randomly assigned to cognitive dual task gait training (CDTT), motor dual task gait training (MDTT), or conventional physical therapy (CPT) group. Participants in CDTT or MDTT group practiced the cognitive or motor tasks respectively during walking. Participants in CPT group received strengthening, balance, and gait training. The intervention was 30 min/session, 3 sessions/week for 4 weeks...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
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