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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719853/determination-of-chemical-forms-of-14-c-in-liquid-discharges-from-nuclear-power-plants
#1
I Svetlik, M Fejgl, P P Povinec, T Kořínková, L Tomášková, J Pospíchal, M Kurfiřt, R Striegler, M Kaufmanová
Developments of radioanalytical methods for determination of radiocarbon in wastewaters from nuclear power plants (NPP) with pressurized light water reactors, which would distinguish between the dissolved organic and inorganic forms have been carried out. After preliminary tests, the method was used to process pilot samples from wastewater outlets from the Temelín and Dukovany NPPs (Czech Republic). The results of analysis of pilot water samples collected in 2015 indicate that the instantaneous (14)C releases into the water streams would be about 7...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719842/spatiotemporal-gait-changes-with-use-of-an-arm-swing-cueing-device-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Elizabeth Thompson, Peter Agada, W Geoffrey Wright, Hendrik Reimann, John Jeka
Impaired arm swing is a common motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), and correlates with other gait impairments and increased risk of falls. Studies suggest that arm swing is not merely a passive consequence of trunk rotation during walking, but an active component of gait. Thus, techniques to enhance arm swing may improve gait characteristics. There is currently no portable device to measure arm swing and deliver immediate cues for larger movement. Here we test report pilot testing of such a device, ArmSense (patented), using a crossover repeated-measures design...
July 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719815/receptiveness-to-participation-in-genetic-research-a-pilot-study-comparing-views-of-people-with-depression-diabetes-or-no-illness
#3
Laura Weiss Roberts, Jane Paik Kim
BACKGROUND: Genetic research in human health relies on the participation of individuals with or at-risk for different types of diseases, including health conditions that may be stigmatized, such as mental illnesses. This preliminary study examines the differences in attitudes toward participation in genetic research among individuals with a psychiatric disorder, individuals with a physical disorder, and individuals with no known illness. METHODS: Seventy-nine individuals with a history of diabetes or depression, or no known illness, underwent a simulated consent process for a hypothetical genetic research study...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719707/community-triage-of-otology-patients-using-a-store-and-forward-telemedicine-device-a-feasibility-study
#4
Nishi Gupta, Neeraj Chawla, Digant Gupta, Nidhi Dhawan, Vidya R Janaki
Chronic otitis media is a major contributor to acquired hearing loss in developing countries. Developing countries such as India, with huge populations and poor health infrastructures, have always felt the shortage of trained specialists who can provide quality care to meet the enormous demand for treatment of this disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of empowering trained health workers equipped with ENTraview, a store-and-forward telemedicine device that integrates a camera- enabled smart phone with an otoscope...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719609/renal-function-following-xenon-anesthesia-for-partial-nephrectomy-an-explorative-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Ana Stevanovic, Patrick Schaefer, Mark Coburn, Rolf Rossaint, Christian Stoppe, Peter Boor, David Pfister, Axel Heidenreich, Hildegard Christ, Martin Hellmich, Astrid V Fahlenkamp
BACKGROUND: Perioperative preservation of renal function has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality in kidney surgery. Nephroprotective effects of the anesthetic xenon on ischemia-reperfusion injury were found in several experimental studies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore whether xenon anesthesia can reduce renal damage in humans undergoing partial nephrectomy and to gather pilot data of possible nephroprotection in these patients. DESIGN: A prospective randomized, single-blinded, controlled study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719572/neuroimaging-correlates-of-post-stroke-aphasia-rehabilitation-in-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-constraint-induced-aphasia-therapy
#6
Rodolphe Nenert, Jane B Allendorfer, Amber M Martin, Christi Banks, Angel Ball, Jennifer Vannest, Aimee R Dietz, Jerzy P Szaflarski
BACKGROUND Recovery from post-stroke aphasia is a long and complex process with an uncertain outcome. Various interventions have been proposed to augment the recovery, including constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT). CIAT has been applied to patients suffering from post-stroke aphasia in several unblinded studies to show mild-to-moderate linguistic gains. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neuroimaging correlates of CIAT in patients with chronic aphasia related to left middle cerebral artery stroke...
July 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719494/hockey-fans-in-training-a-pilot-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Robert J Petrella, Dawn P Gill, Guangyong Zou, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Cassandra Bartol, Karen Danylchuk, Kate Hunt, Sally Wyke, Cindy M Gray, Christopher Bunn, Merrick Zwarenstein
INTRODUCTION: Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) is a gender-sensitized weight loss and healthy lifestyle program. We investigated: 1) feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight and obese men into a pilot pragmatic randomized controlled trial; and 2) potential for Hockey FIT to lead to weight loss and improvements in other outcomes at 12 weeks and 12 months. METHODS: Male fans of 2 ice hockey teams (35-65 years; body-mass index ≥28 kg/m) located in Ontario (Canada) were randomized to intervention (Hockey FIT) or comparator (Wait-list Control)...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719395/closing-the-gap-in-cochlear-implant-access-for-african-americans-a-story-of-outreach-and-collaboration-by-our-cochlear-implant-program
#8
Sheree Sims, Lisa Houston, Ivy Schweinzger, Ravi N Samy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minorities often lag behind in hearing loss evaluation and treatment. Our cochlear implant program aimed to identify the socioeconomic and cultural barriers that prevented our African-American cochlear implant candidates from seeking help for their hearing loss, specifically cochlear implant surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Our pilot study surveyed 11 African-Americans with cochlear implants and identified obstacles that included patient-physician mistrust, social stigma, financial cost, and lack of education about the devices and procedures...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719342/a-pilot-study-for-determination-of-anxiety-related-slc6a4-promoter-s-and-l-alleles-in-healthy-turkish-athletes
#9
A Corak, S Kapici, C Sercan, O Akkoç, K Ulucan
We aimed to analyze the allelic distribution of solute carrier family-6 member-4 promoter region in Turkish athletes. Recent studies showed the association of lesser expressing "S" allele with anxiety. Genotype percentages for LL, LS and SS genotypes were found as 46, 35 and 19, respectively. 38% of the males had LL, %38 had LS and 24% had SS genotypes. Percentages of LL, LS and SS genotypes were 54, 31 and 15 in females, respectively. 15 (58%) male and 18 (69%) females had L, 11 (42%) male and 8 (31%) females had S alleles...
May 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#10
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719078/luseogliflozin-improves-liver-fat-deposition-compared-to-metformin-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#11
Takashi Shibuya, Nobutoshi Fushimi, Miyuka Kawai, Yohei Yoshida, Hiroki Hachiya, Shun Ito, Hiromi Kawai, Noritsugu Ohashi, Akihiro Mori
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) often coexists with type 2 diabetes (T2D), and its prevalence in patients with T2D is estimated to be approximately 50%-60% in Japan.(1) In some patients with T2D, NAFLD can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and further to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).(2) Moreover, NAFLD is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events.(3).
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718987/the-impact-of-exercise-on-sleep-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Ravi Reddy, Joseph El Youssef, Kerri Winters-Stone, Deborah Branigan, Joseph Leitschuh, Jessica Castle, Peter G Jacobs
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the impact of exercise on sleep and nocturnal hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). In a 3-week crossover trial, 10 adults with T1D were randomized to perform aerobic, resistance or no exercise. During each exercise week, participants completed two separate 45-minute exercise sessions at an academic medical center. Participants returned home and wore a continuous glucose monitor and a wrist based activity monitor to estimate sleep duration. Participants on average lost 70 (±49) minutes of sleep (p = 0...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718864/-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-addressing-fear-of-progression-in-cancer-out-patients
#13
Bärbel Rudolph, Alexander Wünsch, Peter Herschbach, Andreas Dinkel
Fear of progression (FoP) is an appropriate, rational response to the real threat of cancer and its treatments. However, patients experiencing elevated, dysfunctional levels of FoP often feel severely distressed and are in need of treatment. We previously conducted a (partly-)randomized controlled study with cancer patients undergoing in-patient rehabilitation and showed that a brief, four-session cognitive-behavioral group therapy significantly reduced dysfunctional FoP. In this report, we describe the adaption of the cognitive-behavioral group therapy program for use with cancer out-patients...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718755/preliminary-evidence-for-the-effects-of-aging-and-multiple-sclerosis-on-cognitive-performance-an-analysis-based-on-effect-size-estimates
#14
Rachel E Bollaert, Julia M Balto, Brian M Sandroff, Gioella Chaparro, Manuel E Hernandez, Robert W Motl
Background/Study Context: Although cognitive impairment is common in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), there are limited data on older adults with MS. The current pilot study involved a preliminary examination of cognitive impairments across a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in older adults with MS compared with older adults without MS. METHODS: Twenty older adults with MS and 20 older adults without MS (≥60 years of age) underwent cognitive assessments, including the Trail Making Test (TMT) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718219/barriers-to-glaucoma-case-finding-as-perceived-by-optometrists-in-ireland
#15
Catriona Barrett, Colm O'Brien, John S Butler, James Loughman
BACKGROUND: This research was designed to provide an in-depth exploration of the perceptions of optometrists relating to the challenges of glaucoma case finding in the Irish health-care system. METHODS: A survey was developed, piloted and distributed for anonymous completion by optometrists registered to practise in Ireland. The survey included 10 five-level Likert items exploring potential barriers to glaucoma detection and a free-text box for participants to comment more broadly...
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718208/quantification-of-nasal-airflow-resistance-in-english-bulldogs-using-computed-tomography-and-computational-fluid-dynamics
#16
Eric T Hostnik, Brian A Scansen, Rachel Zielinski, Samir N Ghadiali
Stenotic nares, edematous intranasal turbinates, mucosal swelling, and an elongated, thickened soft palate are common sources of airflow resistance for dogs with brachycephalic airway syndrome. Surgery has focused on enlarging the nasal apertures and reducing tissue of the soft palate. However, objective measures of surgical efficacy are lacking. Twenty-one English bulldogs without previous surgery were recruited for this prospective, pilot study. Computed tomography was performed using conscious sedation and without endotracheal intubation using a 128 multidetector computed tomography scanner...
July 17, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717897/development-of-a-fast-and-cost-effective-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-quantification-of-short-chain-and-medium-chain-fatty-acids-in-human-biofluids
#17
Cesare Lotti, Josep Rubert, Francesca Fava, Kieran Tuohy, Fulvio Mattivi, Urska Vrhovsek
The quantification of short-chain and medium-chain fatty acids is becoming more and more relevant in fecal and plasma samples due to their biological impact, which has been associated with colon rectal cancer and fiber consumption. For these reasons, a fast, cost-effective, and reproducible analytical method is highly required. In this research, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method based on full scan and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) acquisition modes were optimized and validated for the analysis of short-chain and medium-chain fatty acids in three biological samples: human fecal water, fecal fermentation supernatants, and human plasma...
July 17, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717812/a-new-adaptive-home-based-exercise-technology-among-older-adults-living-in-nursing-home-a-pilot-study-on-feasibility-acceptability-and-physical-performance
#18
V Valiani, M Lauzé, D Martel, M Pahor, T M Manini, S Anton, M Aubertin-Leheudre
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of a new home-based exercise technology among older adults and to evaluate its efficacy on physical performance measures. DESIGN: Longitudinal clinical trial. SETTING: Oak Hammock at the University of Florida, a nursing home located in Gainesville, Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve pre-disabled older adults (≥75 years) living in a nursing home with a Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) score between 6 and 9 and no diagnosis of dementia...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717760/pilot-survey-of-breast-cancer-management-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
Verna D N K Vanderpuye, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dezheng Huo
PURPOSE: To understand the current state of breast cancer management in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous online survey of breast cancer management among African Organization for Research and Treatment in Cancer (AORTIC) members by using a 42-question structured questionnaire in both English and French in 2013. RESULTS: Twenty members from 19 facilities in 14 countries responded to the survey. Twelve members (60%) belonged to a multidisciplinary breast cancer team...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717628/does-combined-strength-training-and-local-vibration-improve-isometric-maximum-force-a-pilot-study
#20
Ruben Goebel, Monoem Haddad, Heinz Kleinöder, Zengyuan Yue, Thomas Heinen, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether a combination of strength training (ST) and local vibration (LV) improved the isometric maximum force of arm flexor muscles. ST was applied to the left arm of the subjects; LV was applied to the right arm of the same subjects. The main aim was to examine the effect of LV during a dumbbell biceps curl (Scott Curl) on isometric maximum force of the opposite muscle among the same subjects. It is hypothesized, that the intervention with LV produces a greater gain in isometric force of the arm flexors than ST...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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