Read by QxMD icon Read

Health law

Angela Maria Gomes, Liane Colliselli, Maria Elisabeth Kleba, Valéria Silvana Faganello Madureira
OBJECTIVE: to identify the participation dynamics of a municipal council and to develop a critical-reflexive process on "being a counselor", identifying weaknesses and possibilities of this council, in addition to collectively generating new knowledge and (re)elaborating the MHC Ordinary Law. METHOD: Convergent care research, including documentary analysis, non-participant observation and thematic workshops. The research was carried out in 2016, with municipal health counselors from a city in the Western Region of Santa Catarina...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Christian Byk
The precautionary principle finds its origin in international law and in the field of the environment but he quickly invested national law and expanded its scope to health issues, as shown by the health crisis that occurred in France since the 1980s. What is the room left to civil law? The reality of a certain ?dialogue' brings a denial to those who saw the marriage of water and fire. In fact, civil law uses the concept of precaution in consideration of the question of liability because the precaution has become an element of assessment of the conditions of liability and its effects...
October 13, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Christian Byk
Based on the system of liability for defective products as organized by the European Directive of 25 July 1985, responsibility for blood products does not therefore constitute a genuine specific regime. However, European law leaves States a margin of discretion in the implementation of the Directive with regard to health products. This is the case in particular with the exemption for development risk.
October 13, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Nathalie Devillier
The Law on the Modernization of our Health System passed in 2016 exteds the scope of the medical secrecy by creating the patients' shared health record. All health professionnals involved in the care pathway have an access to all recorded information. The patient can access to it via a dedicated Internet website. The implementing decrees of this facility determine the modalities to share the information and frame the creation of this automated processing of personal data. At last, this law creates an open and secure access to helath data in the interest of collectivity...
October 27, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Nathalie Devillier
In the field of health, IoT devices, mobile apps, and online communities generate an enormous amount of data. However, health data benefit from a precise legal definition and protection as sensitive data, whereas well-being data have no specific legal regime. Since those data may contribute to identify individuals' health status, there are potential breaches to confidentiality and privacy. Recent European cases (ECHR and ECJ) reaffirms citizens' fundamental rights to privacy and family life, and to an effective remedy...
October 27, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag
The use of health data is increasingly seen as a central issue for research and also for care. The generation of these data is an added value for the conduct of large-scale studies, it is even considered as an (r) evolution in the methodology of research or even for personalized medicine. Several factors have influenced the acceleration in the use of health data (advances in genetics, technology and diversification of sources) leading to a re-questioning of the legal principles for the protection of health data in both French law and European law...
October 27, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Xavier Bioy, Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag
The bioethics laws since their first adoption in 1994 until the latest proposals, have been widely commented and analyzed, regarding the provisions related to the legal qualification and the legal status of the embryo and of the embryonic stem cells. The legal issues raised by these hesitations imply instability for both researchers and health professionals about what they can and cannot do when it comes to the embryo and its cells. Thus, while the protection of the embryo was the subject of a consensus until the end of the 2000s, it now appears as the object of a political will, from researchers and state agencies, to support this research...
March 7, 2018: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Martina Larsson, Pollyanna Cohen, Gayle Hann, Sarah M Creighton, Deborah Hodes
This pilot study researched the attitudes towards and the knowledge of female genital mutilation (FGM) in adult women with FGM and their partners. The participant population consisted of English-speaking women and men over 18 years old attending specialist FGM clinics in two London hospitals. The participants completed a questionnaire on the attitudes and the knowledge of FGM, which were adapted with permission from the United Nations Children's Fund and the United States Agency for International Development household surveys...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Zhenqiang Wu, Zarintaj Malihi, Alistair W Stewart, Carlene Mm Lawes, Robert Scragg
OBJECTIVE: Pain-related conditions, such as chronic widespread pain and fibromyalgia, are major burdens for individuals and the health system. Evidence from previous research on the association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and pain is conflicting. Thus, we aimed to determine if there is an association between mean 25(OH)D concentration (primary aim), or proportion of hypovitaminosis D (secondary aim), and pain conditions in observational studies. DESIGN: Published observational research on 25(OH)D concentration and pain-related conditions was systematically searched for in electronic sources (MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and a random-effects meta-analysis was conducted on included studies...
March 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
David T Levy, Trudy M A Wijnhoven, Jeffrey Levy, Zhe Yuan, Kristina Mauer-Stender
Background: While some WHO European Region countries are global tobacco control leaders, the South Eastern region of Europe has the highest tobacco smoking prevalence globally and a relatively low level of overall implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). An abridged version of SimSmoke has been developed to project the health impact of implementing tobacco control policies in line with the WHO FCTC. Methods: Data on population size, smoking prevalence, policy-specific effect sizes and formulas were applied in 11 South Eastern WHO European Region countries [Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska), Bulgaria, Croatia, Israel, Montenegro, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia] to project the relative reduction in smoking prevalence, number of smokers and number of smoking-attributable deaths resulting from implementing individual and/or combined six WHO FCTC measures...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The atrocities in Syria have been covered in the four general medical weekly journals in the USA and the UK. Medical journal articles addressing political determinants of public health have rightly described and criticised the international community's failure to enforce humanitarian law while urging global bodies of power to ensure protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure and medical services. Discussions of the political influences on health of people in the occupied Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza Strip) seem to be considered politically out-of-bounds by some medical journals...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Marie Jonassen, Amira Shaheen, Mohammed Duraidi, Khaled Qalalwa, Bernard Jeune
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of smoking (40%) in men living in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory is a major challenge for the Palestinian health authorities. The aim of this study was to estimate life expectancy and the average lifetime with and without chronic disease in men living in the West Bank who had never smoked, were ex-smokers, or were smokers. METHODS: We used a life table for the male population in the West Bank and Danish relative risk estimates for death for smokers and ex-smokers versus never smokers and data from the 2010 Palestinian Family Survey...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Koren Hanson, Kevin P Haggerty, Charles B Fleming, Martie L Skinner, Mary Casey-Goldstein, W Alex Mason, Ronald W Thompson, Cleve Redmond
OBJECTIVE: As legalization of nonmedical retail marijuana increases, states are implementing public health campaigns designed to prevent increases in youth marijuana use. This study investigated which types of marijuana-related messages were rated most highly by parents and their teens and whether these preferences differed by age and marijuana use. METHOD: Nine marijuana-focused messages were developed as potential radio, newspaper, or television announcements...
March 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Pamela Kaufman, Julie Kang, Ryan David Kennedy, Pippa Beck, Roberta Ferrence
This paper investigates the impacts of smoke-free housing policies on compliance, enforcement and smoking behavior. From 2012 to 2014, we studied two affordable housing providers in Canada with comprehensive smoke-free policies: Waterloo Regional Housing that required new leases to be non-smoking and exempted existing leases, and Yukon Housing Corporation that required all leases (existing and new) to be non-smoking. Focus groups and key informant interviews were conducted with 31 housing and public health staff involved in policy development and implementation, and qualitative interviews with 56 tenants...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Dennis H Li, Shruta Rawat, Jayson Rhoton, Pallav Patankar, Maria L Ekstrand, B R Simon Rosser, J Michael Wilkerson
On December 11, 2013, the Indian Supreme Court recriminalized non-peno-vaginal sex under Sec. 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), overturning a 2009 ruling that deemed IPC Sec. 377 unconstitutional. Similar "sodomy laws" in other countries have been associated with increased violence, harassment, and other discrimination against men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. However, few studies have looked at the effects of such a law in an Indian context. This study examined experiences of victimization among MSM and hijra/transgender women (MSM-H) in the State of Maharashtra using a mixed-method approach...
September 2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
Elizabeth Sully, Yohannes Dibaba, Tamara Fetters, Nakeisha Blades, Akinrinola Bankole
PURPOSE: The 2005 expansion of the Ethiopian abortion law provided minors access to legal abortions, yet little is known about abortion among adolescents. This paper estimates the incidence of legal and clandestine abortions and the severity of abortion-related complications among adolescent and nonadolescent women in Ethiopia in 2014. METHODS: This paper uses data from three surveys: a Health Facility Survey (n = 822) to collect data on legal abortions and postabortion complications, a Health Professionals Survey (n = 82) to estimate the share of clandestine abortions that resulted in treated complications, and a Prospective Data Survey (n = 5,604) to collect data on abortion care clients...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Carla T Murray, Matthew Schmit
Introduction: We estimate the effect on health care spending of an option to change TRICARE. Under the option, which is based on a proposal made by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission (MCRMC), most beneficiaries could choose from a range of commercial health networks instead of the current TRICARE plans. Military treatment facilities would become network providers under the commercial plans. Materials and Methods: We used data from the Department of Defense (DoD) to estimate the cost of providing the current health care benefit to working-age retirees and their dependents and survivors, and active duty family members...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Sohail Ahmed Rajper, Sana Ullah, Zhongqiu Li
Air pollution causes severe physical and psychological health complications. Considering China's continuously-deteriorating air quality, this study aimed to assess the self-reported effects of air pollution on the behavior and physical health of the students of 13 densely populated cities, and their awareness, practices, and perception of air pollution and its associated public health risks. A detailed, closed-ended questionnaire was administered to 2100 students from 54 universities and schools across China...
2018: PloS One
Corinne Berzon
In 2008, responding to a widening gap between need and availability of transplant organs, Israel's Ministry of Health adopted a program of incentivized cadaveric organ donation. The Organ Transplant Law rewards individuals with prioritized access to organs on the condition that they participate in procurement efforts. Priority is awarded in the form of additional points allocated to the individual's organ recipient profile. Although Israel has experienced moderate gains in the years since the law's implementation, these have not been sufficient to satisfy the demand...
March 16, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Yuyan Gao, Li Li, David C Schwebel, Peishan Ning, Peixia Cheng, Guoqing Hu
Social medical insurance schemes are crucial for realizing universal health coverage and health equity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether and how reimbursement for injury-induced medical expenses is addressed in Chinese legislative documents relevant to social medical insurance. We retrieved legislative documents from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure and the Lawyee databases. Four types of social medical insurance schemes were included: urban employee basic medical insurance, urban resident basic medical insurance, new rural cooperative medical system, and urban and rural resident medical insurance...
2018: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"