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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329924/-reduction-and-control-of-school-bullying-is-urgently-needed
#1
Y J Zhao, S Y Wang
School bullying and campus violence is a widespread social problem in the world. School bullying is characterized by its repeatability and suddenness, which could make the victims suffering from both psychological and health damage, and even affect their personality growth. Government should pay close attention to the reduction and control of school bullying and campus violence by establishing school bullying emergency response system and preparedness plan. The school and teacher's role and legal responsibility in the service and management in schools should be cleared and defined...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329873/-incentive-for-regional-risk-selection-in-the-german-risk-structure-compensation-scheme
#2
Danny Wende
The introduction of the new law GKV-FQWG strengthens the competition between statutory health insurance. If incentives for risk selection exist, they may force a battle for cheap customers. This study aims to document and discuss incentives for regional risk selection in the German risk structure compensation scheme. Identify regional autocorrelation with Moran's l on financial parameters of the risk structure compensation schema. Incentives for regional risk selection do indeed exist. The risk structure compensation schema reduces 91% of the effect and helps to reduce risk selection...
March 22, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329818/elder-fraud-and-financial-exploitation-application-of-routine-activity-theory
#3
Marguerite DeLiema
Background and Objectives: Elder financial exploitation, committed by individuals in positions of trust, and elder fraud, committed by predatory strangers, are two forms of financial victimization that target vulnerable older adults. This study analyzes differences between fraud and financial exploitation victims and tests routine activity theory as a contextual model for victimization. Routine activity theory predicts that criminal opportunities arise when a motivated offender and suitable target meet in the absence of capable guardians...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329635/compliance-with-indoor-tanning-laws-for-minors-among-salons-and-business-in-the-united-states
#4
Courtney Choy, Brenda Cartmel, Rachel Clare, Leah M Ferrucci
Indoor tanning is an established risk factor for skin cancer, yet indoor tanning is quite common among adolescents. Laws exists in some states to limit access to indoor tanning by minors, but there is limited research on industry compliance with these laws.We conducted a telephone survey with a random sample of businesses (n=412) offering indoor tanning in the 14 states with indoor tanning bans for minors as of May 2015. Female research assistants posing as minors conducted telephone interviews with employees using a standardized script...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328268/deprivation-of-liberty-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#5
Richard Griffith
Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, considers the implications of a Court of Appeal decision that deprivations of liberty do not occur where the person is receiving lifesaving treatment.
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328266/the-high-cost-of-clinical-negligence-litigation-in-the-nhs
#6
John Tingle
John Tingle, Reader in Health Law at Nottingham Trent University, discusses a consultation document from the Department of Health on introducing fixed recoverable costs in lower-value clinical negligence claims.
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327495/risk-factors-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-ltbi-in-health-profession-s-students-of-the-university-of-parma
#7
Silvia Bonini, Maria Grazia Riccelli, Matteo Goldoni, Luisella Selis, Massimo Corradi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Nowadays Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major Public Health problems for several professional categories. According to Italian law, University students are compared to workers: the main risk for them is represented by biological risk, in particular by blood-transmitted or by air-transmitted agents. As for TB, many scientific studies demonstrated that prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in Medicine and Surgery students was lower than those in health workers and in general population...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327120/where-s-the-evidence-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses-of-residential-aged-care-infrastructure
#8
Tiffany Easton, Rachel Milte, Maria Crotty, Julie Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Residential care infrastructure, in terms of the characteristics of the organisation (such as proprietary status, size, and location) and the physical environment, have been found to directly influence resident outcomes. This review aimed to summarise the existing literature of economic evaluations of residential care infrastructure. METHODS: A systematic review of English language articles using AgeLine, CINAHL, Econlit, Informit (databases in Health; Business and Law; Social Sciences), Medline, ProQuest, Scopus, and Web of Science with retrieval up to 14 December 2015...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323603/how-medicine-may-save-the-life-of-us-immigration-policy-from-clinical-and-educational-encounters-to-ethical-public-policy
#9
Mark G Kuczewski
Medicine has a conceptual contribution to make to the immigration debate. Our nation has been unable to move forward with meaningful immigration reform because many citizens seem to assume that immigrants are in the United States to access benefits to which they are not entitled. In contrast, when medicine encounters undocumented immigrants in the health care or medical education setting, it is obvious that their contributions to our health care system are denied by exclusionary laws. When the system is amended to be inclusive, immigrants become contributors to the systems that they access...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323475/universal-mandatory-reporting-policies-and-the-odds-of-identifying-child-physical-abuse
#10
Grace W K Ho, Deborah A Gross, Amie Bettencourt
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between universal mandatory reporting (UMR), child physical abuse reporting, and the moderating effect of UMR on physical abuse report outcomes by report source. METHODS: We used a national data set of 204 414 children reported for physical abuse in 2013 to compare rates of total and confirmed reports by states or territories with and without UMR. We estimated odds and predicted probabilities of confirming a physical abuse report made by professional versus nonprofessional reporters, accounting for the moderating effect of UMR and individual-level characteristics...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323319/under-investigation
#11
Joey Berlin
Revisions to the National Practitioner Data Bank's NPDB Guidebook concern health law attorneys who are warning physicians to protect themselves if they plan to step away from their practices.
March 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322527/-estensione-dell-et%C3%A3-bersaglio-del-programma-di-screening-mammografico-e-governo-della-pratica-mammografica-in-emilia-romagna
#12
Priscilla Sassoli de Bianchi, Alessandra Ravaioli, Stefano Ferretti, Alba Carola Finarelli, Adriana Giannini, Carlo Naldoni, Piera Sanna, Lauro Bucchi
"OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the effectiveness of the regional law No.1035 enacted in 2009 by the local government of the Emilia- Romagna Region (Northern Italy) with the purpose of revising the rules of access to breast-care services. The law dictated the extension of the organised mammography screening programme to women aged 45-49 and 70-74 years in order to decrease their spontaneous screening rates and, thus, the waiting times for the access to diagnostic mammography by women of all ages. DESIGN: study of time trends (joinpoint regression analysis and before/ after analysis) in annual percent mammography rates and in waiting times for access to clinical radiology facilities (2006-2014) among resident women...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322284/genomic-resources-for-the-study-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#13
G Senthil, T Dutka, L Bingaman, T Lehner
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has made sustained investments in the development of genomic resources over the last two decades. These investments have led to the development of the largest biorepository for psychiatric genetics as a centralized national resource. In the realm of genomic resources, NIMH has been supporting large team science (TS) consortia focused on gene discovery, fine mapping of loci, and functional genomics using state-of-the-art technologies. The scientific output from these efforts has not only begun to transform our understanding of the genetic architecture of neuropsychiatric disorders, but it has also led to a broader cultural change among the investigator community towards deeper collaborations and broad pre-publication sharing of data and resources...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#14
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318957/oceanic-meteorological-conditions-influence-incidence-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#15
Thierry Patrice, Bertrand Rozec, Hubert Desal, Yvonnick Blanloeil
OBJECTIVE: Publications concerning the weather pattern of occurrence of the subarachnoid hemorrhage have produced controversial results. We chose to study subarachnoid hemorrhage occurring in oceanic climate with deep variations focusing on partial oxygen volume (pO2) and patient history. METHODS: Seventy-one patients had been successively recruited from a single center 45 km from the Atlantic shore. Climate conditions had been analyzed from 72 hours before subarachnoid hemorrhage to 24 hours after...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318861/medical-comorbidities-impact-the-episode-of-care-reimbursements-of-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Samuel Rosas, Karim G Sabeh, Leonard T Buller, Tsun Yee Law, Martin W Roche, Victor H Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) costs are a source of great interest in the currently evolving health care market. The initiation of a bundled payment system has led to further research into costs drivers of this commonly performed procedure. One aspect that has not been well studied is the effect of comorbidities on the reimbursements of THA. The purpose of this study was to determine if common medical comorbidities affect these reimbursements. METHODS: A retrospective, level of evidence III study was performed using the PearlDiver supercomputer to identify patients who underwent primary THA between 2007 and 2015...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318753/-information-quality-and-health-risks-in-spanish-language-retail-websites-for-chinese-herbal-medicine
#17
Noelia Tejedor-García, Coral García-Pastor, Selma Benito-Martínez, Francisco Javier de Lucio-Cazaña
OBJECTIVE: The growing use of purchase online via Internet retailers favours the access to potentially toxic natural products. It also contributes to the quick dissemination of the claims made by the retailers on efficacy and safety, these claims being not always based upon reliable information. Here, we have conducted an online search to find Spanish-language retail websites for Chinese herbal medicine and we have analysed them for the quality of product information and the potential health risks...
March 16, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317504/review-of-state-laws-restricting-local-authority-to-impose-alcohol-taxes-in-the-united-states
#18
James F Mosher, Sabrina S Adler, Aysha M Pamukcu, Ryan D Treffers
OBJECTIVE: Building on the extensive research literature demonstrating that increasing alcohol prices reduces excessive alcohol consumption and related harms, this article presents the results of a 50-state review of local authority to tax alcohol in the United States. METHOD: Between 2013 and 2015, legal databases and government websites were reviewed to collect and analyze relevant statutes, ordinances, and case law. Results reflect laws in effect as of January 1, 2015...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315226/recent-advances-in-the-detection-of-allergens-in-foods
#19
Silvia de la Cruz, Inés López-Calleja, Rosario Martín, Isabel González, Marcos Alcocer, Teresa García
Food allergy is a public health issue that has significantly increased worldwide in the past decade affecting consumers' quality of life and making increasing demands on health service resources. Despite recent advances in many areas of diagnosis and treatment, our general knowledge of the basic mechanisms of the disease remained limited, i.e., not at pace with the exponential number of new cases and the explosion of the new technologies. For sensitized individuals, the only effective way to prevent allergic reactions is the strict avoidance of the offending food...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314568/health-workers-and-the-weaponisation-of-health-care-in-syria-a-preliminary-inquiry-for-the-lancet-american-university-of-beirut-commission-on-syria
#20
Fouad M Fouad, Annie Sparrow, Ahmad Tarakji, Mohamad Alameddine, Fadi El-Jardali, Adam P Coutts, Nour El Arnaout, Lama Bou Karroum, Mohammed Jawad, Sophie Roborgh, Aula Abbara, Fadi Alhalabi, Ibrahim AlMasri, Samer Jabbour
The conflict in Syria presents new and unprecedented challenges that undermine the principles and practice of medical neutrality in armed conflict. With direct and repeated targeting of health workers, health facilities, and ambulances, Syria has become the most dangerous place on earth for health-care providers. The weaponisation of health care-a strategy of using people's need for health care as a weapon against them by violently depriving them of it-has translated into hundreds of health workers killed, hundreds more incarcerated or tortured, and hundreds of health facilities deliberately and systematically attacked...
March 14, 2017: Lancet
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