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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352579/informed-consent-in-physiotherapy-practice-it-is-not-what-is-said-but-how-it-is-said
#1
G Copnell
This paper discusses the concept of informed consent in the context of contemporary biomedical ethics. A change in UK law regarding what information should be provided to patients has brought to the fore the role of physiotherapists in the process of gaining informed consent. It is important that physiotherapists are aware of how this change in the law will affect their practice. For an individual to consent, they need to have both the capacity and freedom to exercise rational thought. These concepts are challenged in contemporary biomedical ethics...
August 7, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#2
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349285/a-smart-phone-intervention-to-address-mental-health-stigma-in-the-construction-industry-a-two-arm-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
A Milner, P C F Law, C Mann, T Cooper, K Witt, A D LaMontagne
Background: High levels of self-stigma are associated with a range of adverse mental health, treatment, and functional outcomes. This prospective study examined the effects of an electronic mental health stigma reduction intervention on self-stigma (self-blame, shame, and help-seeking inhibition) among male construction workers in Australia. Method: Male construction workers (N = 682) were randomly assigned to receive either the intervention condition or the wait list control over a six-week period...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347864/dense-breast-notification-laws-impact-on-downstream-imaging-after-screening-mammography
#4
Michal Horný, Alan B Cohen, Richard Duszak, Cindy L Christiansen, Michael Shwartz, James F Burgess
Dense breast tissue is a common finding that decreases the sensitivity of mammography in detecting cancer. Many states have recently enacted dense breast notification (DBN) laws to provide patients with information to help them make better-informed decisions about their health. To test whether DBN legislation affected the probability of screening mammography follow-up by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we examined the proportion of times screening mammography was followed by ultrasound or MRI for a series of months pre- and post-legislation...
January 1, 2018: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346576/commentary-on-communicating-messages-about-drinking-using-the-big-legal-guns-to-block-alcohol-health-warning-labels
#5
Paula O'Brien, Deborah Gleeson, Robin Room, Claire Wilkinson
Like the tobacco industry, the alcohol industry, with the support of governments in alcohol exporting nations, is looking to international trade and investment law as a means to oppose health warning labels on alcohol. The threat of such litigation, let alone its commencement, has the potential to deter all but the most resolute governments from implementing health warning labeling.
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#6
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346189/the-impact-of-implementing-tobacco-control-policies-the-2017-tobacco-control-policy-scorecard
#7
David T Levy, Jamie Tam, Charlene Kuo, Geoffrey T Fong, Frank Chaloupka
The Tobacco Control Scorecard, published in 2004, presented estimates of the effectiveness of different policies on smoking rates. Since its publication, new evidence has emerged. We update the Scorecard to include recent studies of demand-reducing tobacco policies for high-income countries. We include cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, comprehensive tobacco control programs, marketing bans, health warnings, and cessation treatment policies. To update the 2004 Scorecard, a narrative review was conducted on reviews and studies published after 2000, with additional focus on 3 policies in which previous evidence was limited: tobacco control programs, graphic health warnings, and marketing bans...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345998/key-factors-inhibiting-legislative-progress-toward-smoke-free-coverage-in-appalachia
#8
J Travis Donahoe, Andrea R Titus, Nancy L Fleischer
The Appalachian Region has among the highest rates of smoking and smoking-related illness in the United States. Strong smoke-free legislation could help protect nonsmoking residents from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. However, there is a dearth of state, county, city, and subcounty smoke-free law coverage throughout Appalachia. As of July 2016, only 21% of Appalachian residents were covered by comprehensive smoke-free laws (i.e., 100% coverage for workplaces, restaurants, and bars). Only 46% of Appalachians lived in places with 100% smoke-free workplace laws, only 30% lived in places with 100% smoke-free restaurant laws, and only 29% lived in places with 100% smoke-free bar laws...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345993/socioeconomic-outcomes-of-women-who-receive-and-women-who-are-denied-wanted-abortions-in-the-united-states
#9
Diana Greene Foster, M Antonia Biggs, Lauren Ralph, Caitlin Gerdts, Sarah Roberts, M Maria Glymour
OBJECTIVES: To determine the socioeconomic consequences of receipt versus denial of abortion. METHODS: Women who presented for abortion just before or after the gestational age limit of 30 abortion facilities across the United States between 2008 and 2010 were recruited and followed for 5 years via semiannual telephone interviews. Using mixed effects models, we evaluated socioeconomic outcomes for 813 women by receipt or denial of abortion care. RESULTS: In analyses that adjusted for the few baseline differences, women denied abortions who gave birth had higher odds of poverty 6 months after denial (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 3...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344083/psychosocial-problems-in-traumatized-refugee-families-overview-of-risks-and-some-recommendations-for-support-services
#10
EDITORIAL
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343837/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-expert-review-from-the-late-effects-and-quality-of-life-working-committee-of-the-cibmtr-and-complications-and-quality-of-life-working-party-of-the-ebmt
#11
REVIEW
David Buchbinder, Debra Lynch Kelly, Rafael F Duarte, Jeffery J Auletta, Neel Bhatt, Michael Byrne, Zachariah DeFilipp, Melissa Gabriel, Anuj Mahindra, Maxim Norkin, Helene Schoemans, Ami J Shah, Ibrahim Ahmed, Yoshiko Atsuta, Grzegorz W Basak, Sara Beattie, Sita Bhella, Christopher Bredeson, Nancy Bunin, Jignesh Dalal, Andrew Daly, James Gajewski, Robert Peter Gale, John Galvin, Mehdi Hamadani, Robert J Hayashi, Kehinde Adekola, Jason Law, Catherine J Lee, Jane Liesveld, Adriana K Malone, Arnon Nagler, Seema Naik, Taiga Nishihori, Susan K Parsons, Angela Scherwath, Hannah-Lise Schofield, Robert Soiffer, Jeff Szer, Ida Twist, Anne B Warwick, Baldeep M Wirk, Jean Yi, Minoo Battiwalla, Mary D E Flowers, Bipin Savani, Bronwen E Shaw
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for children and adults with malignant and non-malignant diseases. Despite increasing survival rates, long-term morbidity following HCT is substantial. Neurocognitive dysfunction is a serious cause of morbidity, yet little is known about neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT. To address this gap, collaborative efforts of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation undertook an expert review of neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT...
January 17, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343181/experiencing-abortion-rights-in-india-through-issues-of-autonomy-and-legality-a-few-controversies
#12
Tulsi Patel
Abortion laws in India, like other laws, are premised on the 1861 British Penal Code. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act was passed in 1971 to circumvent the criminality clause around abortion. Yet the law continues to render invisible women's right to choose. Legal procedures have often hindered in permitting abortion, resulting in the death of a mother or the foetus. Despite the latest techno-medical advances, the laws have remained stagnant or rather restrictive, complicated further by selective female foetus abortions...
January 17, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342498/patient-reminder-and-recall-interventions-to-improve-immunization-rates
#13
REVIEW
Julie C Jacobson Vann, Robert M Jacobson, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Josephine K Asafu-Adjei, Peter G Szilagyi
BACKGROUND: Immunization rates for children and adults are rising, but coverage levels have not reached optimal goals. As a result, vaccine-preventable diseases still occur. In an era of increasing complexity of immunization schedules, rising expectations about the performance of primary care, and large demands on primary care providers, it is important to understand and promote interventions that work in primary care settings to increase immunization coverage. One common theme across immunization programs in many nations involves the challenge of implementing a population-based approach and identifying all eligible recipients, for example the children who should receive the measles vaccine...
January 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342432/pharmacists-scope-of-practice-in-travel-health-a-review-of-state-laws-and-regulations
#14
Keri Hurley-Kim, Rebecca Snead, Karl M Hess
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to assess pharmacists' authority to provide travel health services in each state and Washington, DC. Secondary objectives were to determine the need for collaborative practice agreements (CPAs), protocols, or prescriptions for this type of pharmacy practice and to identify jurisdictions where pharmacists are able to practice as travel health providers independent of CPAs or individual physician protocols. METHODS: An online survey was developed to assess pharmacists' authority to administer travel immunizations, furnish travel-related medications, and order travel-related laboratory tests...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#15
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338662/legal-barriers-to-access-abortion-services-through-a-human-rights-lens-the-uruguayan-experience
#16
Lucía Berro Pizzarossa
Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) has increasingly gained importance in the field of international human rights law. The work of the United Nations (UN) bodies, in particular the recently adopted General Comment 22 (GC 22), has been instrumental in signalling the importance of the SRH legal framework and in setting clear guidelines to steer countries into enacting/modifying/repealing national laws in order to comply with their international obligations vis-à-vis SRH. Although within the region Uruguay is regarded as a pioneer in terms of women's status and rights, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, evidence points to a number of challenges...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338624/use-of-service-learning-to-increase-master-s-level-nursing-students-understanding-of-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-disparities
#17
Keneshia Bryant-Moore, Ashley Bachelder, Larronda Rainey, Kimberly Hayman, Alexa Bessette, Candace Williams
INTRODUCTION: It is important for graduate-level nursing students to be competent in the issues involved in the social determinants of health and health disparities and have the tools to address them as graduates. METHOD: As part of a nursing workforce diversity program, master's-level nursing students were required to participate in a service learning project exposing them to an issue not directly linked to health-long bus rides for students as a result of school consolidations-to achieve educational goals and objectives while providing a service to an advocacy agency...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336958/prehospital-emergencies-in-illegal-gold-mining-sites-in-french-guiana
#18
Gérald Egmann, Pierre Tattevin, Renaud Palancade, Matthieu Nacher
INTRODUCTION: Illegal gold mining is flourishing in French Guiana, existing outside the law due to both the high cost of gold mining permits and the challenges of law enforcement within the Amazon forest. We report the characteristics of, and the medical responses to, medical emergencies in illegal gold mining sites. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all medical emergencies reported from illegal gold mining sites to the centralized call office of SAMU 973 from 1998 through 2000 and from 2008 through 2010...
January 11, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336330/-the-current-urological-training-program-in-spain-urology-national-specialty-commission
#19
José Ramón Cortiñas-González, Laura Pesquera-Ortega
OBJECTIVES: 44/2003 Law involved the creation of the National Council of Specialties in Health Sciences and the National Commissions of the Specialties in Health Sciences. METHODS: Analysis of the main laws implicated in Specialized Training and the role of the National Specialty Commission. DISCUSSION: 44/2003 Law regulates the training of health professionals and establishes the procedure for the training programs creation by the National Specialty Commission and its later approval and publication in the BOE...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335745/-health-privacy-in-the-age-of-digital-networks
#20
REVIEW
Thilo Weichert
Digitization in the health sector embodies opportunities and risks. These consist of patient and data confidentiality. Vulnerability of data concerning integrity and availability can lead to financial losses and to damage of the health of data subjects. Those risks must be tackled by privacy or data protection law. For this purpose we have the European Data Protection Regulation as a comprehensive legal framework and a harmonizing bracket.This framework contains regulations on consent, purpose binding and data transfer, on rights of the data subject, technical and organizational measures and procedural arrangements...
January 15, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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