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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538338/supporting-a-culture-of-evidence-based-policy-federal-funding-for-public-health-law-evaluation-research-1985-2014
#1
Jennifer K Ibrahim, Aaron A Sorensen, Heidi Grunwald, Scott Burris
OBJECTIVE: Law powerfully influences health and can be a critical tool for promoting population well-being. Evaluation research is needed to measure the health effects of law and guide policy making and implementation. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for scientific public health law research (PHLR). METHODS: Using data from the UberResearch NIH grant repository, we collected and coded all grants with a focus on health law between FY'85 and FY'14 and then analyzed the grants by funding agency and topic areas...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538332/examining-drivers-of-health-care-spending-evidence-on-self-referral-among-a-privately-insured-population
#2
Jean M Mitchell, James D Reschovsky, Roy J Film, Luisa Franzini
BACKGROUND: Despite the enactment of laws to restrict the practice of self-referral, exceptions in these prohibitions have enabled these arrangements to persist and proliferate. Most research documenting the effects of self-referral arrangements analyzed claims records from Medicare beneficiaries. Empirical evidence documenting the effects of self-referral on use of services and spending incurred by persons with private insurance is sparse. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed health insurance claims records from a large private insurer in Texas to evaluate the effects of physician self-referral arrangements involving physical therapy on the treatment of patients with frozen shoulder syndrome, elbow tendinopathy or tendinitis, and patellofemoral pain syndrome...
May 19, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537833/bringing-transparency-to-medicine-exploring-physicians-views-and-experiences-of-the-sunshine-act
#3
Susan Chimonas, Nicholas J DeVito, David J Rothman
The Physician Payments Sunshine Act (PPSA) requires health care product manufacturers to report to the federal government payments more than $10 to physicians. Bringing unprecedented transparency to medicine, PPSA holds great potential for enabling medical stakeholders to manage conflicts of interest (COI) and build patient trust-crucial responsibilities of medical professionalism. The authors conducted six focus groups with 42 physicians in Chicago, IL, San Francisco, CA, and Washington, DC, to explore attitudes and experiences around PPSA...
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534717/global-health-security-agenda-joint-external-evaluation-and-legislation-a-1-year-review
#4
Michele Forzley
In 2014, the IHR Review Committee recommended moving from exclusive self-evaluation to a combination of domestic and independent experts and began the process in conjunction with stakeholders to develop the Joint External Evaluation tool. The tool was launched in February 2016, and at the 2016 WHA, the IHR Review Committee recommended that all states parties should undertake assessments of their core capacities using the JEE tool and results of other evaluation processes such as the OIE PVS. A goal was set to conduct 50 country JEE assessments prior to WHA 2017...
May 23, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532515/what-do-we-know-about-assessing-healthcare-students-and-professionals-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lale Say, Christina Pallitto
INTRODUCTION: Improving healthcare providers' capacities of prevention and treatment of female genital mutilation (FGM) is important given the fact that 200 million women and girls globally are living with FGM. However, training programs are lacking and often not evaluated. Validated and standardized tools to assess providers' knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding FGM are lacking. Therefore, little evidence exists on the impact of training efforts on healthcare providers' KAP on FGM...
May 22, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532205/displayed-wounds-encrypted-messages-hyper-realism-and-imagination-in-medical-moulages
#6
Cristiana Bastos
Moulages are three-dimensional colorful replicas of body parts with particular expressions of ailments. Historically, by operating a transition between illness and disease, moulages were a powerful tool in the consolidation of the medical specialty of dermatovenereology. Yet moulages are not solely an objectification of biological processes suitable for medical teaching; they also activate non-medical cognitions and emotions about life, death, behavior and morality that are rooted in the history of the art of wax modeling...
May 22, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530077/-the-illegal-synthetic-cannabinoid-drug-market-in-israel-evolution-and-new-challenges
#7
Barak Shapira, Alina Poperno, Ronny Berkovitz
This article represents a short review of the current knowledge on the abuse of synthetic cannabinoids from the perspective of the Division of Enforcement and Inspection of the Israeli Ministry of Health - a body in charge of providing professional assistance to law enforcement bodies in the fields of drug abuse. We describe the principal changes observed in the synthetic cannabinoid market and the Israeli legislators' and enforcement bodies' attempts to cope with these phenomena. These changes relate to the types of synthetic cannabinoids being trafficked, with many structural variations between substances, and a new legal framework which allows for the rapid, temporary scheduling of synthetic cannabinoids using both individual and generic definitions...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530060/-the-truth-about-the-ringworm-affair
#8
REVIEW
Aya Bar Oz
Ringworm of the scalp (Tinea Capitis), a fungal skin ailment that appears on the scalp, was treated until the early sixties by radiation therapy. It was discovered during the seventies that radiation treatment for ringworm may be associated with a higher risk of cancerous and benign tumors in the head and neck area for patients undergoing treatment. In 1995, Israel enacted a law to compensate ringworm irradiation patients which provided monetary compensation for those who were treated between 1946 and 1960...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530047/what-is-it-going-to-take-to-move-youth-related-hiv-programme-policies-into-practice-in-africa
#9
Daniella Mark, Lina Taing, Lucie Cluver, Chris Collins, Kate Iorpenda, Catarina Andrade, Luann Hatane
INTRODUCTION: HIV has been reported to be the leading cause of mortality amongst adolescents in Africa. This has brought attention to the changes in service provision and health management that many adolescents living with HIV experience when transferring from specialized paediatric- or adolescent-focused services to adult care. When transition is enacted poorly, adherence may be affected and the continuum of care disrupted. As the population of HIV-infected adolescents grows, effective and supported transition increases in significance as an operational imperative...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529233/the-medicinal-rod-slave-health-and-redhibition-law-in-george-washington-cable-s-i-the-grandissimes-i
#10
Heather Chacón
The economic transactions and litigation necessary for slavery to function, coupled with the South's honor culture, meant skepticism and posturing frequently attended the buying and selling of enslaved people. This atmosphere provided opportunities for enslaved individuals familiar with the symbiotic ways their health and value intertwined to manipulate owners by feigning illness or adopting behaviors contrary to those of a "sound and sane" captive under Louisiana's redhibitory (slave warranty) law. Such actions offered a chance at preserving that which slavery denied its victims: proximity to family, a reduced chance of being sold, and an opportunity to exert agency within a strictly oppressive system...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#11
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526357/universal-motorcycle-helmet-laws-to-reduce-injuries-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Yinan Peng, Namita Vaidya, Ramona Finnie, Jeffrey Reynolds, Cristian Dumitru, Gibril Njie, Randy Elder, Rebecca Ivers, Chika Sakashita, Ruth A Shults, David A Sleet, Richard P Compton
CONTEXT: Motorcycle crashes account for a disproportionate number of motor vehicle deaths and injuries in the U.S. Motorcycle helmet use can lead to an estimated 42% reduction in risk for fatal injuries and a 69% reduction in risk for head injuries. However, helmet use in the U.S. has been declining and was at 60% in 2013. The current review examines the effectiveness of motorcycle helmet laws in increasing helmet use and reducing motorcycle-related deaths and injuries. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Databases relevant to health or transportation were searched from database inception to August 2012...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525398/likely-impact-of-the-un-convention-on-disability-on-mental-health-services
#13
Ina Jahn, Thomas Becker, Katarina Stengler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After a large majority of UN member states ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), this article aims to provide an overview of its implementation and possible effects in the area of mental health services in individual contract states. RECENT FINDINGS: This article looks at the implementation processes of the UNCRPD in individual industrialized, emerging and developing countries. In addition to changes in national legislation, potential influences on the supply and support systems for persons with mental illness are considered...
May 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523473/young-colorectal-cancer-patients-often-present-too-late
#14
Jia-Hao Law, Frederick H Koh, Ker-Kan Tan
PURPOSE: Current screening and health education strategies on colorectal cancer (CRC) remain focused on individuals >50 years old. However, CRC in young adults is not uncommon. This paper aims to explore how CRC presents in young adults and their clinical outcomes. METHODS: All patients aged <50 years diagnosed with CRC from January 2007 to December 2015 were reviewed. Patient demographics, clinical symptoms, and outcomes of treatment were collected. RESULTS: Of 1367 patients diagnosed with CRC, 154 (11...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521917/the-global-health-law-trilogy-towards-a-safer-healthier-and-fairer-world
#15
Lawrence O Gostin, Mary Clare DeBartolo, Rebecca Katz
Global health advocates often turn to medicine and science for solutions to enduring health risks, but law is also a powerful tool. No state acting alone can ward off health threats that span borders, requiring international solutions. A trilogy of global health law-the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, International Health Regulations (2005), and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework-strives for a safer, healthier, and fairer world. Yet, these international agreements are not well understood, and contain gaps in scope and enforceability...
May 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521746/survival-rates-and-predictors-of-survival-among-colorectal-cancer-patients-in-a-malaysian-tertiary-hospital
#16
Bello Arkilla Magaji, Foong Ming Moy, April Camilla Roslani, Chee Wei Law
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death globally. It is the second most common cancer among both males and females in Malaysia. The economic burden of colorectal cancer is likely to increase over time owing to its current trend and aging population. Cancer survival analysis is an essential indicator for early detection and improvement in cancer treatment. However, there was a scarcity of studies concerning survival of colorectal cancer patients as well as its predictors...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520960/examining-national-public-health-law-to-realize-the-global-health-security-agenda
#17
Benjamin Mason Meier, Kara Tureski, Emily Bockh, Derek Carr, Ana Ayala, Anna Roberts, Lindsay Cloud, Nicolas Wilhelm, Scott Burris
Where the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) seeks to accelerate progress toward a world safe and secure from public health emergencies, the realization of GHSA 'Action Packages' will require national governments to establish necessary legal frameworks to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease. By analyzing the scope and content of existing national legislation in each of the GHSA Action Packages, this comparative cross-national research has developed a framework that disaggregates the legal domains necessary to meet each Action Package target...
May 17, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520491/firearm-related-laws-in-all-50-us-states-1991-2016
#18
Michael Siegel, Molly Pahn, Ziming Xuan, Craig S Ross, Sandro Galea, Bindu Kalesan, Eric Fleegler, Kristin A Goss
OBJECTIVES: To describe a new database containing detailed annual information on firearm-related laws in place in each of the 50 US states from 1991 to 2016 and to summarize key trends in firearm-related laws during this time period. METHODS: Using Thomson Reuters Westlaw data to access historical state statutes and session laws, we developed a database indicating the presence or absence of each of 133 provisions of firearm laws in each state over the 26-year period...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520488/firearm-legislation-and-fatal-police-shootings-in-the-united-states
#19
Aaron J Kivisto, Bradley Ray, Peter L Phalen
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether stricter firearm legislation is associated with rates of fatal police shootings. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional, state-level design to evaluate the effect of state-level firearm legislation on rates of fatal police shootings from January 1, 2015, through October 31, 2016. We measured state-level variation in firearm laws with legislative scorecards from the Brady Center, and for fatal police shootings we used The Counted, an online database maintained by The Guardian...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515635/changing-the-smoking-habit-prevalence-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-umbrian-hospital-healthcare-professionals
#20
REVIEW
D Pianori, A Gili, G Masanotti
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals should work against smoking habit to promote a correct life style. This study aimed to evaluate smoking prevalence and attitudes towards tobacco among Umbrian hospital professionals in a period between 2006 and 2015, since the approbation of the law that ban smoking in hospitals and all public areas in 2003. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire administered in 2006, 2011 and 2015 to healthcare professionals...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
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