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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635971/exercise-among-women-with-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-and-pre-post-test-exploratory-pilot-study
#1
Xiaochen Zhang, Daniel McClean, Emily Ko, Mark A Morgan, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To establish the feasibility and acceptability of completing a higher dose of the planned physical activity volume among women with ovarian cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. 
. DESIGN: A pre-/post-test exercise intervention. All participants were asked to complete 225 minutes per week of physical activity for 26 weeks. Multiple supports were provided, including exercise DVDs, self-reported logs, and an objective physical activity tracker (Fitbit®)...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635351/assessing-the-quality-of-bereavement-care-after-perinatal-death-development-and-piloting-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-parents-experiences
#2
Esther Aiyelaagbe, Rebecca E Scott, Victoria Holmes, Emma Lane, Alexander E P Heazell
Understanding parents' experience of care is essential to develop high-quality perinatal bereavement services. This study aimed at developing a questionnaire to identify parents' needs and record their experience of care. The patient experience questionnaire was developed by professionals and parents, and piloted in a tertiary maternity unit. Responses were received from 58 parents. Sensitivity and kindness of staff and time spent with their baby were ranked as 'very important' by 95% of parents. Care in these areas largely met their needs (90%), although 5% of respondents stated that partners could have been more involved...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633669/impact-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-transient-lbp
#3
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flight related low back pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is frequent and may influence flight performance. Prolonged confined sitting during flights seems to weaken lumbar trunk (LT) muscles with associated secondary transient pain. Aim of the study was to investigate if structured training could improve muscular function and thus improve LBP related to flying. METHODS: 39 helicopter pilots (35 men and 4 women), who reported flying related LBP on at least 1 of 3 missions last month, were allocated to two training programs over a 3-month period...
June 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633502/promoting-seniors-health-with-home-care-aides-a-pilot
#4
Naoko Muramatsu, Lijuan Yin, Michael L Berbaum, David X Marquez, Donald A Jurivich, Joseph P Zanoni, Katya Y Cruz Madrid, Surrey M Walton
Purpose: Regular physical activity (PA) benefits older adults. However, frail older adults lack opportunities to be physically active. This pilot study aimed to test and enhance the feasibility of a PA program delivered by home care aides (HCAs) for community-dwelling older adults in a Medicaid-funded home care setting and to generate preliminary efficacy and cost data. Design and Methods: HCAs were trained to deliver a brief motivational enhancement and three chair-bound movements to motivate their older clients to do PA daily and to help maintain their independence in the community...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633173/exploring-residents-skills-in-diagnosing-dementia-the-unexpected-dissonance-between-ability-and-confidence
#5
Brian S Lerner, Virginia Kalish, Christy J W Ledford
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of dementia is a challenge for physicians due to numerous interrelated barriers. Research shows that this difficulty may be rooted in an incomplete knowledge about dementia. To address this gap, we developed an assessment scale of resident confidence in the diagnosis of dementia and used it to compare resident confidence to their practical ability to diagnose dementia. METHODS: The study used a piloted confidence assessment tool for diagnosing dementia correlated with family medicine residents (n=45) performance during an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE)...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630698/physical-activity-in-the-classroom-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-a-pilot-study-in-santiago-chile
#6
Francisco Mardones, Pilar Arnaiz, Johana Soto-Sánchez, Juana Saavedra, Angélica Domínguez, Jaime Rozowski, Laura Iriarte, Jennifer Cantwell Wood
This paper describes a 4-month pilot study that tested the suitability of a physical activity intervention for first graders (children aged 6 and 7 years) in a public school in Santiago, Chile. Teachers were trained to deliver the programme in the classroom during the school day. Teachers were surveyed to determine if this intervention fit within their curriculum and classroom routines and they reported in a focus group that it was suitable for them. All children actively participated in the programme and positive changes in their attitudes towards physical activity were observed by their teachers...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628601/the-damage-control-surgery-in-austere-environments-research-group-dcsaerg-a-dynamic-program-to-facilitate-real-time-telementoring-telediagnosis-to-address-exsanguination-in-extreme-and-austere-environments
#7
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jessica L McKee, Paul B McBeth, Chad G Ball, Anthony LaPorta, Timothy Broderick, Tim Leslie, David King, Heather E Wright Beatty, Jocelyn Keillor, Homer Tien
Hemorrhage is the most preventable cause of posttraumatic death. Many cases are potentially anatomically salvageable, yet remain lethal without logistics or trained personnel to deliver diagnosis or resuscitative surgery in austere environments. Revolutions in technology for remote mentoring of ultrasound and surgery may enhance capabilities to utilize the skill sets of non-physicians. Thus, our research collaborative explored remote mentoring to empower non-physicians to address junctional and torso hemorrhage control in austere environments...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624919/physical-activity-and-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-patients-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-pilot-study
#8
Mifuka Ouchi, Kumiko Kato, Momokazu Gotoh, Shigeyuki Suzuki
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The details of the physical activity in patients with mild to moderate pelvic organ prolapse (Pmoderate pelvic organ prolapse (POP) remain under-studied. The purpose of the present study was to investigate objective physical activity levels and the changes in pelvic floor muscle(PFM) strength, symptoms and quality of life (QOL) between before and after PFM training (PFMT) in patients with POP. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, 29 patients with stage II or III POP completed approximately 16 weeks of PFMT...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623895/effects-of-home-based-exercise-on-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-pilot-and-feasibility-trial
#9
Koji Hiraki, Yugo Shibagaki, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Chiharu Hotta, Akiko Wakamiya, Tsutomu Sakurada, Takashi Yasuda, Kenjiro Kimura
BACKGROUND: Only a few research is available on the effects of home-based exercise training on pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the effect of home-based exercise therapy on kidney function and arm and leg muscle strength in pre-dialysis CKD patients. METHODS: Thirty-six male stage 3-4 pre-dialysis CKD patients (age, 68.7 ± 6.8 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 39.0 ± 11.6 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) who were being treated as outpatients were included...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619440/breaking-bad-news-a-survey-of-radiology-residents-experiences-communicating-results-to-patients
#10
Anand Narayan, Sergio Dromi, Adam Meeks, Erin Gomez, Bonmyong Lee
PURPOSE: The practice of radiology often includes routine communication of diagnostic test results directly to patients in breast imaging and interventional radiology. There is increasing interest in expanding direct communication throughout radiology. Though these conversations can substantially affect patient well-being, there is limited evidence indicating that radiology residents are specifically taught methods to effectively convey imaging results to patients. Our purpose is to evaluate resident experience communicating imaging results to patients...
April 27, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619292/psychophysiological-response-in-parachute-jumps-the-effect-of-experience-and-type-of-jump
#11
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Jesús Fernández-Lucas
We aimed to analyse the effect of experience and type of parachute jump on the psychophysiological responses of jumpers. We analysed blood oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood glucose, lactate and creatinkinase, leg strength, isometric hand strength, cortical arousal, specific fine motor skills, self-confidence and cognition, and somatic and state anxiety, before and after four different parachute jumps: a sport parachute jump, a manual tactical parachute jump, tandem pilots, and tandem passengers. Independently of the parachute jump, the psychophysiological responses of experienced paratroopers were not affected by the jumps, except for an increase in anaerobic metabolism...
June 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618192/the-patient-buddy-app-can-potentially-prevent-hepatic-encephalopathy-related-readmissions
#12
Dinesh Ganapathy, Chathur Acharya, Jatinder Lachar, Kavish Patidar, Richard K Sterling, Melanie B White, Catherine Ignudo, Swamy Bommidi, John DeSoto, Leroy R Thacker, Scott Matherly, Jawaid Shaw, Mohammad S Siddiqui, Puneet Puri, Arun J Sanyal, Velimir Luketic, Hannah Lee, R Todd Stravitz, Jasmohan S Bajaj
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Readmissions are a major burden in cirrhosis. A proportion of readmissions in cirrhosis, especially due to hepatic encephalopathy (HE) could be avoided through patient and caregiver engagement. We aimed to define the feasibility of using the Patient Buddy App and its impact on 30-day readmissions by engaging and educating cirrhotic inpatients and caregivers in a pilot study. METHODS: Cirrhotic inpatients with caregivers were enrolled and followed for 30 days post-discharge...
June 15, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616430/training-and-validation-of-standardized-patients-for-assessing-communication-and-counseling-skills-of-pharmacy-students-a-pilot-study
#13
Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad, Mansoor Rastegarpanah, Fereshteh Moosavi, Mandana Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe the process of training valid simulated patients (SPs) for assessing communication and counseling skills of pharmacy students' performance. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and correlational study. Psychometric properties of checklist and SPs' portrayals and their filling of the checklist regarding assessing pharmacy students were assessed. Five SPs who were working in the simulated patient's pool were volunteered to take part in the project, which one of the SPs failed...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615013/short-term-poor-glycemic-control-and-retinal-microvascular-changes-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-patients-in-singapore-a-pilot-study
#14
Ling-Jun Li, Ecosse Lamoureux, Tien Yin Wong, Ngee Lek
BACKGROUND: Poor glycemic control in Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) patients is strongly associated with an increased risk of diabetes-related microvascular complications later in life, but it is unclear whether short period of poor glycemic control in children with T1D can cause evident microvascular morphological changes long before any pathological manifestation. Our study aimed to investigate the longitudinal association between poor glycemic control and subsequent changes in retinal microvasculature, in a pilot study of 55 pediatric T1D patients from Singapore after a one-year follow-up...
June 15, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615003/3d-deep-convolutional-neural-networks-for-amino-acid-environment-similarity-analysis
#15
Wen Torng, Russ B Altman
BACKGROUND: Central to protein biology is the understanding of how structural elements give rise to observed function. The surfeit of protein structural data enables development of computational methods to systematically derive rules governing structural-functional relationships. However, performance of these methods depends critically on the choice of protein structural representation. Most current methods rely on features that are manually selected based on knowledge about protein structures...
June 14, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614997/resilience-based-diabetes-self-management-education-perspectives-from-african-american-participants-community-leaders-and-healthcare-providers
#16
H Matthew Lehrer, Susan K Dubois, Sharon A Brown, Mary A Steinhardt
Purpose The purpose of this qualitative, focus group study was to further refine the Resilience-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education (RB-DSME) recruitment process and intervention, build greater trust in the community, and identify strategies to enhance its sustainability as a community-based intervention in African American church settings. Methods Six 2-hour focus groups (N = 55; 10 men and 45 women) were led by a trained moderator with a written guide to facilitate discussion. Two sessions were conducted with individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in previous RB-DSME pilot interventions and their family members, two sessions with local church leaders, and two sessions with community healthcare providers who care for patients with T2DM...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613384/communication-skills-training-for-mental-health-professionals-working-with-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
REVIEW
Alexia Papageorgiou, Yoon K Loke, Michelle Fromage
BACKGROUND: Research evidence suggests that both mental health professionals and people with severe mental health illness such as schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder find it difficult to communicate with each other effectively about symptoms, treatments and their side effects so that they reach a shared understanding about diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Effective use of communication skills in mental health interactions could be associated with increased patient satisfaction and adherence to treatment...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612353/lca-case-study-tertiary-treatment-process-options-for-wastewater-reuse
#18
Erwan Carré, Joana Beigbeder, Vincent Jauzein, Guillaume Junqua, Miguel Lopez-Ferber
Tertiary treatment process (including filtration and/or disinfection) is necessary to obtain a water quality suited for high-quality reuse from wastewater treatment. Industrial pilots representing small real size treatment units were set up downstream of a conventional secondary treatment of a wastewater treatment plant in the South of France and their performance followed for two years. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is used to compare the environmental impacts of different treatment processes. Five tertiary treatment trains were studied: 1) sand filtration + storage followed by ultraviolet (UV) dynamic reactor disinfection (SF-UVD), 2) sand filtration (SF) + UV batch reactor disinfection (SF-UVB), 3) ultrafiltration (UF), 4) ultrafiltration and UV batch reactor disinfection (UF-UVB), 5) microfiltration (MF) and storage followed by dynamic UV disinfection (MF-UVD)...
June 13, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610638/baderi-an-online-database-to-coordinate-handsearching-activities-of-controlled-clinical-trials-for-their-potential-inclusion-in-systematic-reviews
#19
Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Gerard Urrútia, Leticia A Barajas-Nava, Diana Buitrago-Garcia, Julieth Vanessa Garzón, María José Martínez-Zapata, Xavier Bonfill
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews provide the best evidence on the effect of health care interventions. They rely on comprehensive access to the available scientific literature. Electronic search strategies alone may not suffice, requiring the implementation of a handsearching approach. We have developed a database to provide an Internet-based platform from which handsearching activities can be coordinated, including a procedure to streamline the submission of these references into CENTRAL, the Cochrane Collaboration Central Register of Controlled Trials...
June 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609149/react-a-paraprofessional-training-program-for-first-responders-a-pilot-study
#20
Madeline R Marks, Clint Bowers, Natasha S DePesa, Benjamin Trachik, Frances E Deavers, Nicholas T James
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a newly designed peer support training program for first responders titled Recognize, Evaluate, Advocate, Coordinate, and Track (REACT). REACT was developed in partnership with public safety agencies to address the need for promoting psychological health. This resulted in the development of a program that uses train-the-trainer methodology to address primary prevention of stress injuries. REACT was an all-day training that consisted of four modules, each featuring instruction and practice...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
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