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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342050/intraoperative-cochlear-implant-device-testing-utilizing-an-automated-remote-system-a-prospective-pilot-study
#1
Amanda R Lohmann, Matthew L Carlson, Douglas P Sladen
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative cochlear implant device testing provides valuable information regarding device integrity, electrode position, and may assist with determining initial stimulation settings. Manual intraoperative device testing during cochlear implantation requires the time and expertise of a trained audiologist. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the feasibility of using automated remote intraoperative cochlear implant reverse telemetry testing as an alternative to standard testing...
January 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340317/intradialytic-cognitive-and-exercise-training-may-preserve-cognitive-function
#2
Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Jonathan Konel, Fatima Warsame, Hao Ying, Marlís González Fernández, Michelle C Carlson, Derek M Fine, Lawrence J Appel, Dorry L Segev
Introduction: Cognitive decline is common and increases mortality risk in hemodialysis patients. Intradialytic interventions like cognitive training (CT) and exercise training (ET) may preserve cognitive function. Methods: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial of 20 hemodialysis patients to study the impact of 3 months of intradialytic CT (tablet-based brain games) (n = 7), ET (foot peddlers) (n = 6), or standard of care (SC) (n = 7) on cognitive function...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339926/using-a-chronic-hepatitis-b-registry-to-support-population-level-liver-cancer-prevention-in-sydney-australia
#3
Monica C Robotin, Ximena Masgoret, Mamta Porwal, David Goldsbury, Chee Khoo, Jacob George
Background: Approximately 1% of Australians have chronic hepatitis B (CHB), which disproportionately affects people born in hepatitis B-endemic countries. Currently, approximately half of the people affected remain undiagnosed and antiviral treatment uptake is suboptimal (~5%). This increases the likelihood of developing end-stage disease complications, particularly hepatocellular cancer (HCC), and largely accounts for the significant increases in HCC incidence and mortality in Australia over the last decades...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338917/exercise-training-in-adults-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-continuous-versus-interval-training
#4
Marko Novaković, Katja Prokšelj, Uroš Rajkovič, Tjaša Vižintin Cuderman, Katja Janša Trontelj, Zlatko Fras, Borut Jug
INTRODUCTION: Adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) have impaired exercise capacity, vascular and cardiac autonomic function, and quality of life (QoL). Specific effects of high-intensity interval or moderate continuous exercise training on these parameters in adults with repaired ToF remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty adults with repaired ToF were randomized to either high-intensity interval, moderate intensity continuous training (36 sessions, 2-3 times a week) or usual care (no supervised exercise)...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338143/anesthesiology-residents-induction-month-a-pilot-study-showing-an-effective-and-safe-way-to-train-novice-residents-through-simulation
#5
Federico L Barra, Luca Carenzo, Jeffrey Franc, Claudia Montagnini, Flavia Petrini, Francesco Della Corte, Pier L Ingrassia
BACKGROUND: The transition of new residents from medical school to the post-graduate clinical environment remains challenging. We hypothesized that an introductory simulation course could improve new residents' performance in anesthesiology. METHODS: "Anesthesiology Residents Induction Month" (ARIM) was designed as a non-clinical simulation training program aiming at providing the theoretical and practical skills to safely approach, as junior anesthesiologists, the operating rooms...
January 16, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337023/the-effects-of-functional-training-bicycle-exercise-and-exergaming-on-walking-capacity-of-elderly-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-single-blinded-trial
#6
Daniel Dominguez Ferraz, Karen Valadares Trippo, Gabriel Pereira Duarte, Mansueto Gomes Neto, Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Jamary Oliveira Filho
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of functional training, bicycle exercise and exergaming on walking capacity of elderly with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled single-blinded trial. SETTING: A State Reference Health Care Centre for Elderly, a public reference outpatient clinic for the elderly. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two elderly individuals (≥60 years-old) with idiopathic PD (stage 2 to 3 of modified Hoehn and Yahr) according to the London Brain Bank...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336830/interdisciplinary-development-and-implementation-of-a-dementia-skills-training-program-in-a-va-community-living-center-a-pilot-study
#7
Lindsay A Gerolimatos, Kyle S Page, Phyllis Balestracci, Kate L M Hinrichs
This pilot study investigates the usefulness of a dementia care training program developed by an interdisciplinary team to address problem behaviors associated with dementia. Staff members of a VA Community Living Center completed an 8-hour workshop covering fundamental knowledge about dementia and instruction in skills to use with patients through video, lecture, and role-plays. Measures on dementia knowledge and perceived self-efficacy were completed by staff members before and after the workshop. Results revealed increases in self-efficacy and knowledge, with particular gains in general knowledge of dementia and communicating with patients...
January 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334921/a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-adjunct-brief-social-network-intervention-in-opiate-substitution-treatment-services
#8
Ed Day, Alex Copello, Jennifer L Seddon, Marilyn Christie, Deborah Bamber, Charlotte Powell, Carmel Bennett, Shabana Akhtar, Sanju George, Andrew Ball, Emma Frew, Ilias Goranitis, Nick Freemantle
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3% of people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in the UK manage to achieve abstinence from prescribed and illicit drugs within three years of commencing treatment. Involvement of families and wider social networks in supporting psychological treatment may be an effective strategy in facilitating recovery, and this pilot study aimed to evaluate the impact of a social network-focused intervention for patients receiving OST. METHODS: A two-site, open feasibility trial randomised patients receiving OST for at least 12 months but still reporting illicit opiate use in the past 28 days to one of three treatments: 1) treatment as usual (TAU), 2) Brief Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (B-SBNT) + TAU, or 3) Personal Goal Setting (PGS) + TAU...
January 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334847/patient-and-family-psychoeducation-service-development-and-implementation-in-a-center-in-iran
#9
Zahra Mirsepassi, Maryam Tabatabaee, Vandad Sharifi, Yasaman Mottaghipour
BACKGROUND: Family and patient psychoeducation have demonstrated significant improvement in clinical and social outcomes for patients suffering from severe mental disorders and their families. However, these evidence-based practices are not widely implemented at service delivery level and into routine clinical practice, especially in less developed countries. AIM: The aim of this article is to report the processes of development and implementation of a psychoeducational service for patients with severe mental illnesses and their families in Iran...
February 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334283/effects-of-an-exercise-program-on-the-physiological-biological-and-psychological-profiles-in-patients-with-mood-disorders-a-pilot-study
#10
Mario Leone, Daniel Lalande, Linda Thériault, Émilia Kalinova, Audrey Fortin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of an 8-week physical training program on physiological, biological and psychological profiles in individual with mood disorders. METHODS: Seven patients participated in the study. Patients were trained twice weekly (75 min/session) for 8 weeks. The training program aimed to improve muscular and cardiorespiratory reserves as well as functional capacity. Bioassays were also measured (lipid profile, blood glucose and cortisol)...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333363/creating-a-multi-center-rare-disease-consortium-the-consortium-of-eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disease-researchers-cegir
#11
Katherine Cheng, Sandeep K Gupta, Susanna Kantor, Jonathan T Kuhl, Seema S Aceves, Peter A Bonis, Kelley E Capocelli, Christina Carpenter, Mirna Chehade, Margaret H Collins, Evan S Dellon, Gary W Falk, Rashmi Gopal-Srivastava, Nirmala Gonsalves, Ikuo Hirano, Eileen C King, John Leung, Jeffrey P Krischer, Vincent A Mukkada, Alain Schoepfer, Jonathan M Spergel, Alex Straumann, Guang-Yu Yang, Glenn T Furuta, Marc E Rothenberg
 Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) affect various segments of the gastrointestinal tract. Since these disorders are rare, collaboration is essential to enroll subjects in clinical studies and study the broader population. The Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network (RDCRN), a program of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), funded the Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers (CEGIR) in 2014 to advance the field of EGIDs. CEGIR facilitates collaboration among various centers, subspecialties, patients, professional organizations and patient-advocacy groups and includes 14 clinical sites...
December 18, 2017: Translational Science of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333223/development-of-practical-functional-electrical-stimulation-cycling-systems-based-on-an-electromyography-study-of-the-cybathlon-2016
#12
Jetsada Arnin, Traisak Yamsa-Ard, Preechapawan Triponyuwasin, Yodchanan Wongsawat
The purpose of this study was to develop a functional electrical stimulation (FES) system based on the motor driving concept for use by spinal cord injury patients participating in the FES Cycling competition at the Cybathlon 2016. The proposed FES system consists of a low-power control system, a precise processor unit, and a 4-channel stimulation unit. Self-adhesive carbon conductive electrodes were utilized for stimulation. A 26-year-old SCI patient was qualified to participate in the competition. The pilot patient underwent training for 16 months, which included experience with FES stimulation, performing FES cycling, and reducing spasticity, to practice using the FES system...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331282/development-testing-and-implementation-of-a-training-curriculum-for-nonphysician-health-workers-to-reduce-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Maheer Khan, Pablo Lamelas, Hadi Musa, Jared Paty, Tara McCready, Robby Nieuwlaat, Eleonor Ng, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Jose Lopez-Lopez, Khalid Yusoff, Fadhlina A Majid, Kien Keat Ng, Len Garis, Oyere Onuma, Salim Yusuf, Jon-David Schwalm
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The need to address CVD is greatest in low- and middle-income countries where there is a shortage of trained health workers in CVD detection, prevention, and control. OBJECTIVES: Based on the growing evidence that many elements of chronic disease management can be shifted to nonphysician health care workers (NPHW), the HOPE-4 (Heart Outcomes Prevention and Evaluation Program) aimed to develop, test, and implement a training curriculum on CVD prevention and control in Colombia, Malaysia, and low-resource settings in Canada...
January 10, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330982/assessment-of-safety-levels-in-operation-rooms-at-two-major-tertiary-care-public-hospitals-of-karachi-safe-surgery-saves-life
#14
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil, Jahanzeb Effendi
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to determine the knowledge and attitude towards surgical safety among the health care professionals including surgeons, anaesthetist, hospital administrators, and operation room personnel and raise awareness towards the importance of safe surgery. METHODS: A pilot cross- sectional study of 543 healthcare providers working in the operating rooms and the surgical intensive care units was conducted in two tertiary care hospitals, within a study period of one month...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330697/implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-residential-treatment-programs-a-process-evaluation-model-for-a-community-based-agency
#15
Amber M Holbrook, Susan R Hunt, Mary Renata See
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) can be challenging to implement in community-based settings. Little guidance is available on models to evaluate the effectiveness or sustainability of training and implementation efforts. Residential programs have much to gain from introduction of evidence-based practices, but present their own challenges in implementation. This paper presents a low-cost process evaluation model to assess DBT training piloted in residential programs. The model targets staff and organizational factors associated with successful implementation of evidence-based practices and matches data collection to the four stages of the DBT training model...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329567/modified-pilates-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-physiotherapy-care-for-urinary-incontinence-a-mixed-methods-pilot-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Adi Lausen, Louise Marsland, Samantha Head, Joanna Jackson, Berthold Lausen
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a distressing condition affecting at least 5 million women in England and Wales. Traditionally, physiotherapy for UI comprises pelvic floor muscle training, but although evidence suggests this can be effective it is also recognised that benefits are often compromised by patient motivation and commitment. In addition, there is increasing recognition that physical symptoms alone are poor indicators of the impact of incontinence on individuals' lives...
January 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#17
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326463/a-pilot-study-on-the-feasibility-of-training-nurses-to-formulate-multicomponent-oral-health-interventions-in-a-residential-aged-care-facility
#18
(no author information available yet)
'...... private practice becomes a barrier to delivering dental care in residential settings'.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324357/a-pilot-study-of-the-role-of-the-claustrum-in-attention-and-seizures-in-rats
#19
Arezou Bayat, Sweta Joshi, Sahar Jahan, Phillip Connell, Komei Tsuchiya, David Chau, Tanvir Syed, Patrick Forcelli, Mohamad Z Koubeissi
OBJECTIVE: The claustrum has been implicated in consciousness, and MRIs of patients with status epilepticus have shown increased claustral signal intensity. In an attempt to investigate the role of claustrum in cognition and seizures, we (1) assessed the effect of high-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the claustrum on performance in the operant chamber; (2) studied interclaustral and claustrohippocampal connectivity through cerebro-cerebral evoked potentials (CCEPs); and (3) investigated the role of claustrum in kainate-induced (KA) seizures...
January 5, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323820/genetics-and-genomics-in-clinical-practice-the-views-of-wisconsin-physicians
#20
Michael P McCauley, Rebecca K Marcus, Kimberly A Strong, Alexis M Visotcky, Mary E Shimoyama, Arthur R Derse
INTRODUCTION: Decreasing costs and increased availability of genetic testing and genome sequencing mean many physicians will consider using these services over the next few years. Despite this promising future, some argue the present roadmap for translating genetics and genomics into routine clinical practice is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a pilot study to explore Wisconsin physicians' views, practices and educational desires regarding genetic and genomic testing...
June 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
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