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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792294/training-working-memory-in-adolescents-using-serious-game-elements-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Wouter J Boendermaker, Thomas E Gladwin, Margot Peeters, Pier J M Prins, Reinout W Wiers
BACKGROUND: Working memory capacity has been found to be impaired in adolescents with various psychological problems, such as addictive behaviors. Training of working memory capacity can lead to significant behavioral improvements, but it is usually long and tedious, taxing participants' motivation to train. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether adding game elements to the training could help improve adolescents' motivation to train while improving cognition...
May 23, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791580/influence-of-aerobic-training-on-the-mechanics-of-ventricular-contraction-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-pilot-study
#2
Giovani Luiz De Santi, Henrique Turin Moreira, Eduardo Elias Vieira de Carvalho, Júlio César Crescêncio, André Schmidt, José Antônio Marin-Neto, Lourenço Gallo-Júnior
The study of myocardial contractility, based on the new anatomical concepts that govern cardiac mechanics, represents a promising strategy of analysis of myocardial adaptations related to physical training in the context of post-infarction. We investigated the influence of aerobic training on physical capacity and on the evaluation parameters of left ventricular contraction mechanics in patients with myocardial infarction. Thirty-one patients (55.1 ± 8.9 years) who had myocardial infarction in the anterior wall were prospectively investigated in three groups: interval training group (ITG) (n = 10), moderate training group (MTG) n = 10) and control group (CG) (n = 10)...
April 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789774/pilot-study-of-dose-response-effects-of-exercise-on-change-in-c-reactive-protein-cortisol-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-cancer-survivors
#3
Jeanette M Ricci, Victoria Flores, Isabela Kuroyama, Arash Asher, Heather P Tarleton
Fatigue, stress, and depression contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among cancer survivors. This study examined the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training (CART) on HRQoL and biomarkers of stress. Cancer survivors ( n  = 76, 91% female, 39% breast cancer, 32% gynecologic cancer) were enrolled in CART for three 60-min sessions, weekly, for 26 weeks. Participants completed the National Institutes of Health's Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (NIH PROMIS) fatigue assessment and the SF-36...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789090/the-giant-hand-illusion-experienced-on-a-simulator
#4
Petr Frantis, Antonin Petru
BACKGROUND: This paper discusses a special kind of a sensory illusion-the Giant Hand illusion-that was experienced during an exercise on a flight simulator equipped with a VR headset. In the first part we describe spatial disorientation and the function of the vestibular apparatus during flight and its consequences. In this part, the sensory illusion simulator used for the experiment is mentioned. In the second part we describe the simulator and test flight. In the third part we discuss data retrieved during simulator flights that are important for explaining the Giant Hand illusion...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787483/the-effects-of-mindfulness-and-relaxation-training-for-insomnia-mrti-on-postmenopausal-women-a-pilot-study
#5
Marcelo C Garcia, Elisa H Kozasa, Sergio Tufik, Luiz Eugênio A M Mello, Helena Hachul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of mindfulness and relaxation training for insomnia on insomnia and quality of life in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Thirty postmenopausal women aged 50 to 65 years, who were not using hormone therapy, and had a diagnosis of insomnia and an apnea-hypopnea index of less than 15, were randomly assigned to two groups: a mindfulness intervention group and a control group. They were assessed before the intervention, and 8 weeks after its completion using questionnaires assessing sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), insomnia (Insomnia Severity Index), quality of life in menopause (Menopause-Specific Quality of Life), menopausal symptoms (Kupperman Menopausal Index), and level of attention (Mindfulness Awareness Attention Scale)...
May 21, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787338/learning-to-cope-with-mirror-movements-in-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-brief-report
#6
Caroline Adler, Melanie Hessenauer, Johanna Lipp, Silke Kunze, Carina Geigenberger, Andrea Hörning, Martina Schaudeck, Steffen Berweck, Martin Staudt
PURPOSE: Mirror movements (MM) in unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) interfere with many bimanual activities of daily living. METHODS: Here, we developed a specific bimanual therapeutic regimen, focusing on asymmetric simultaneous movements of the two hands. Twelve children (6-17 years old; complete data available in ten children) with USCP and MM were included. RESULTS: After three weeks of inpatient rehabilitation, we observed significant improvements for two self-defined bimanual goal activities (Goal Attainment Scaling, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure) and for bimanual performance in general (Assisting Hand Assessment)...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786781/the-ejes-3d-tool-for-personalized-prescription-of-exercise-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-through-multimedia-animations-pilot-study
#7
Mariano Tomás Flórez, Raquel Almodóvar, Fernando García Pérez, Ana Belén Rodríguez Cambrón, Loreto Carmona, María Ángeles Pérez Manzanero, Juan Aboitiz Cantalapiedra, Ana Urruticoechea-Arana, Carlos J Rodríguez Lozano, Carmen Castro, Cristina Fernández-Carballido, Eugenio de Miguel, Eva Galíndez, José Luis Álvarez Vega, Juan Carlos Torre Alonso, Luis F Linares, Mireia Moreno, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Xavier Juanola, Pedro Zarco
To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop...
May 21, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786019/measuring-situation-awareness-in-medical-education-objective-structured-clinical-examination-guides
#8
Margaret Frere, John Tepper, Markus Fischer, Kieran Kennedy, Thomas Kropmans
Background: Medical errors are among the most prevalent and serious adverse events in health care. Lack of situation awareness (SA) is an important factor leading to such errors. SA can be understood using Endsley's three-tier model: level 1 is perception, level 2 is comprehension, and level 3 is projection. While there is extensive literature on the theory of SA, it is difficult to measure and quantify. The purpose of this pilot study was to measure, identify, and characterize SA in some medical objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) guides, including a 1st year National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG) OSCE...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785974/railway-noise-annoyance-on-the-railway-track-in-northwest-slovakia
#9
Alzbeta Pultznerova, Panulinova Eva, Daniela Kucharova, Lubica Argalasova
Introduction: This paper describes an assessment of noise caused by railway traffic in a large high-loaded railway track in Northwest Slovakia. Materials and Methods: The measurements of noise levels generated by trains passing through residential neighborhoods were taken. Noise maps were also calculated showing noise pollution generated by the train traffic. In addition, the annoyance level and sleep disturbance of residents affected by railway noise were evaluated by a validated questionnaire on a pilot sample of 107 respondents living near the important railway track...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785281/impact-of-the-applied-simulated-and-integrated-learning-approach-on-nursing-assistants-knowledge-and-confidence-caring-for-frail-seniors-in-nursing-homes
#10
Veronique M Boscart, George Heckman, Meaghan Davey, Michelle Heyer, John P Hirdes
Background: Increasing importance is being placed on optimizing the role of Nursing Aides (NAs) in improving quality of care for nursing home (NH) residents. One approach to do so is to have NAs participate in assessments embedded within the Minimum Data Set (MDS). This pilot study aimed to design and evaluate the Applied Simulated and Integrated Learning Approach (ASILA) program, a novel innovative training program for NAs employed in NHs to enhance their ability to assess residents within an inter-professional framework...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785228/evaluating-the-utility-of-a-structured-clinical-protocol-for-reducing-the-impact-of-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-progressive-neurological-diseases-a-pilot-study
#11
Nicholas P Ryan, Laura Scott, Maryanne McPhee, Susan Mathers, Marie-Claire Davis, Roxanne Maule, Fiona Fisher
Objectives: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) cause significant distress to both aged care residents and staff. Despite the high prevalence of BPSD in progressive neurological diseases (PNDs) such as multiple sclerosis, Huntington's disease, and Parkinson's disease, the utility of a structured clinical protocol for reducing BPSD has not been systematically evaluated in PND populations. Method: Staff ( n = 51) and individuals with a diagnosis of PND ( n = 13) were recruited into the study, which aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a PND-specific structured clinical protocol for reducing the impact of BPSD in residential aged care (RAC) and specialist disability accommodation (SDA) facilities...
2018: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785142/misoprostol-for-the-prevention-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-during-home-births-in-rural-lao-pdr-establishing-a-pilot-program-for-community-distribution
#12
Jo Durham, Alongkone Phengsavanh, Vanphanom Sychareun, Isaac Hose, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Douangphachanh Xaysomphou, Keith Rickart
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gather the necessary data to support the design and implementation of a pilot program for women who are unable to deliver in a healthcare facility in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), by using community distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). The study builds on an earlier research that demonstrated both support and need for community-based distribution of misoprostol in Lao PDR. Methods: This qualitative study identified acceptability of misoprostol and healthcare system needs at varying levels to effectively distribute misoprostol to women with limited access to facility-based birthing...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782479/basic-training-a-pilot-study-of-balance-strengthening-exercises-in-heart-failure
#13
Rita McGuire, Julie Honaker, Bunny Pozehl, Melody Hertzog
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent balance and resistance training intervention on physical function, balance, and falls in older (≥65 years) community-dwelling heart failure (HF) patients. DESIGN: Randomized, two-group repeated-measures experimental design. METHODS: The intervention involved once weekly supervised group sessions with home sessions encouraged twice weekly. Focus groups held pre/post intervention...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781744/endurance-training-alters-ykl40-perm1-and-hsp70-skeletal-muscle-protein-contents-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Christian Brinkmann, Anika Kuckertz, Thorsten Schiffer, Wilhelm Bloch, Hans-Georg Predel, Klara Brixius
BACKGROUND: The fight against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is tremendously challenging. This pilot study investigates whether endurance training (3 times per week for 3 months, moderate intensity) can change the skeletal muscle protein contents of chitinase-3-like protein-1 (YKL40), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor y coactivator-1 and estrogen-related receptor-induced regulator in muscle-1 (PERM1) and heat-shock protein-70 (HSP70), which have been discussed as novel therapeutically relevant targets...
May 21, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781596/conservative-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tear-in-older-patients-a-role-for-the-cycloergometer-a-randomized-study
#15
Bernardo Gialanella, Laura Comini, Marta Gaiani, Adriana Olivares, Simonetta Scalvini
BACKGROUND: To date, there are no published data on the use of devices in the management of rotator cuff tear (RCT). AIM: To evaluate the effect of supervised arm cycloergometer training on pain during activities and shoulder functionality in patients with symptomatic full-thickness RCT. DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Outpatients of our Rehabilitation Unit. POPULATION: In this pilot study, 40 elderly outpatients (>70 years) with RCT were randomized to two groups: Cycloergometer (CYC) vs...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781580/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-compared-to-volitional-exercise-in-improving-muscle-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-pilot-study
#16
Sara R Piva, Samannaaz S Khoja, Frederico G S Toledo, Mary Chester Wasko, G Kelley Fitzgerald, Bret H Goodpaster, Clair N Smith, Anthony Delitto
OBJECTIVES: To compare the feasibility and effectiveness of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) with high-intensity volitional resistance training in improving muscle structure and function, and physical function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We also described pre- and post-intervention values of myocyte characteristics. METHODS: Two-group single-blinded pilot randomized study in adults with RA. Participants were assigned to 36 sessions over 16 weeks of NMES (n=31) or volitional training (n=28)...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780891/mind-body-skills-training-for-resident-wellness-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-mindfulness-intervention
#17
Laura E Romcevich, Suzanne Reed, Stacy R Flowers, Kathi J Kemper, John D Mahan
Background: Interventions to address burnout include mind-body skills training (MBST), but few studies have evaluated the feasibility of MBST for busy pediatric residents. Objective: In this pilot study, we tested the feasibility of a brief MBST intervention, using in-person peer-led training supported by online modules, to decrease stress and burnout in pediatric resident physicians. Methods: Of 99 (10%) residents, 10 residents at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio participated in up to four 90-minute MBST sessions more than 1 month, led by a co-resident with 5 years of informal training in mind-body skills...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780410/quantification-of-upper-limb-motor-recovery-and-eeg-power-changes-after-robot-assisted-bilateral-arm-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-prospective-pilot-study
#18
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Emanuela Formaggio, Christian Geroin, Silvia Francesca Storti, Ilaria Boscolo Galazzo, Marta Bortolami, Leopold Saltuari, Alessandro Picelli, Andreas Waldner, Paolo Manganotti, Nicola Smania
Background: Bilateral arm training (BAT) has shown promise in expediting progress toward upper limb recovery in chronic stroke patients, but its neural correlates are poorly understood. Objective: To evaluate changes in upper limb function and EEG power after a robot-assisted BAT in chronic stroke patients. Methods: In a within-subject design, seven right-handed chronic stroke patients with upper limb paresis received 21 sessions (3 days/week) of the robot-assisted BAT...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777115/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-of-game-based-training-in-individuals-with-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3
#19
Ray-Yau Wang, Fang-Yi Huang, Bing-Wen Soong, Shih-Fong Huang, Yea-Ru Yang
Exergames are interactive video games used for exercise and may have therapeutic value in people with degenerative ataxia. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential effects of exergaming training on cerebellar ataxia in people with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3). Nine individuals with SCA3 were recruited and randomized to either exergaming or conventional group for a 4-week training period. The severity of ataxia was measured as the primary outcome by the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) and by the directional control of the limit of stability test...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775080/mindfulness-meditation-and-interprofessional-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#20
Diana J Kelm, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Becca L Gas, Monali Mohan, David A Cook, Darlene R Nelson, Roberto P Benzo
PROBLEM: Mindfulness training includes mindfulness meditation, which has been shown to improve both attention and self-awareness. Medical providers in the intensive care unit often deal with difficult situations with strong emotions, life-and-death decisions, and both interpersonal and interprofessional conflicts. The effect of mindfulness meditation training on healthcare providers during acute care tasks such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation remains unknown. Mindfulness meditation has the potential to improve provider well-being and reduce stress in individuals involved in resuscitation teams, which could then translate into better team communication and delivery of care under stress...
May 18, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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