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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453868/combined-aerobic-and-resistance-training-decreases-inflammation-markers-in-healthy-men
#1
J K Ihalainen, M Schumann, D Eklund, M Hämäläinen, E Moilanen, G Paulsen, K Häkkinen, A A Mero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our primary aim was to study the effects of 24 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance training performed on the same day or on different days on inflammation markers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Physically active, healthy young men were randomly divided into three groups that performed: aerobic and resistance training consecutively in the same training session (SS) 2-3 d·wk(-1) or on alternating days (AD) 4-6 d·wk(-1) as well as control (C). The total training volume was matched in the training groups...
April 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448827/dopamine-cognitive-biases-and-assessment-of-certainty-a-neurocognitive-model-of-delusions
#2
REVIEW
Annabel Broyd, Ryan P Balzan, Todd S Woodward, Paul Allen
This paper examines the evidence that delusions can be explained within the framework of a neurocognitive model of how the brain assesses certainty. Here, 'certainty' refers to both low-level interpretations of one's environment and high-level (conscious) appraisals of one's beliefs and experiences. A model is proposed explaining how the brain systems responsible for assigning certainty might dysfunction, contributing to the cause and maintenance of delusional beliefs. It is suggested that delusions arise through a combination of perturbed striatal dopamine and aberrant salience as well as cognitive biases such as the tendency to jump to conclusions (JTC) and hypersalience of evidence-hypothesis matches...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445215/promoting-learning-and-patient-care-through-shared-reflection-a-conceptual-framework-for-team-reflexivity-in-health-care
#3
Jan B Schmutz, Walter J Eppich
Health care teams are groups of highly skilled experts who may often form inexpert teams because of a lack of collective competence. Because teamwork and collaboration form the foundation of effective clinical practice, factors that promote collective competence demand exploration. The authors review team reflexivity (TR), a concept from psychology and management literatures, and how it could contribute to the collective competence of health care teams. TR captures a team's ability to reflect collectively on group objectives, strategies, goals, processes, and outcomes of past, current, and future performance to process key information and adapt accordingly...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445110/normobaric-hypoxia-increases-the-growth-hormone-response-to-maximal-resistance-exercise-in-trained-men
#4
Dean Filopoulos, Stuart J Cormack, Douglas G Whyte
This study examined the effect of hypoxia on growth hormone (GH) release during an acute bout of high-intensity, low-volume resistance exercise. Using a single-blinded, randomised crossover design, 16 resistance-trained males completed two resistance exercise sessions in normobaric hypoxia (HYP; inspiratory oxygen fraction, (FiO2) 0.12, arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) 82 ± 2%) and normoxia (NOR; FiO2 0.21, SpO2 98 ± 0%). Each session consisted of five sets of three repetitions of 45° leg press and bench press at 85% of one repetition maximum...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444615/polygenic-study-of-endurance-associated-genetic-markers-ace-i-d-actn3-arg-r-577ter-x-ckmm-a-g-ncoi-and-enos-glu-g-298asp-t-in-male-gorkha-soldiers
#5
Seema Malhotra, Kiran Preet, Arvind Tomar, Shweta Rawat, Sayar Singh, Inderjeet Singh, L Robert Varte, Tirthankar Chatterjee, M S Pal, Soma Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Gorkhas, a sub-mountainous population of the Himalayan region, are known for strength and bravery. In the present study when "Gorkha" is used without brackets, we are mentioning Gorkhas of Tibeto-Burman origin. Physical capability, strength and endurance are important components of fitness associated with genetic traits. The aim of this study was to examine the endurance potential of male Gorkha soldiers, based on endurance-related genetic markers ACE I/D, ACTN3 Arg (R)577Ter(X), CKMM A/G NcoI and eNOS Glu(G)298Asp(T)...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443029/superior-effects-of-eccentric-to-concentric-knee-extensor-resistance-training-on-physical-fitness-insulin-sensitivity-and-lipid-profiles-of-elderly-men
#6
Trevor Chung-Ching Chen, Wei-Chin Tseng, Guan-Ling Huang, Hsin-Lian Chen, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Kazunori Nosaka
It has been reported that eccentric training of knee extensors is effective for improving blood insulin sensitivity and lipid profiles to a greater extent than concentric training in young women. However, it is not known whether this is also the case for elderly individuals. Thus, the present study tested the hypothesis that eccentric training of the knee extensors would improve physical function and health parameters (e.g., blood lipid profiles) of older adults better than concentric training. Healthy elderly men (60-76 years) were assigned to either eccentric training or concentric training group (n = 13/group), and performed 30-60 eccentric or concentric contractions of knee extensors once a week...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441675/teaching-today-in-the-practice-setting-of-the-future-implementing-innovations-in-graduate-medical-education
#7
Jung G Kim, Carl G Morris, Paul Ford
PROBLEM: Implementing an innovation, such as offering new types of patient-physician encounters through the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model while maintaining Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accreditation standards (e.g., patient encounter minimums for trainees), is challenging. APPROACH: In 2009, the Group Health Family Medicine Residency (GHFMR) received an ACGME Program Experimentation and Innovation Project (PEIP) exception that redefined the minimum Family Medicine Resident Review Committee requirement to 1,400 face-to-face visits and 250 electronic visits (1 electronic visit defined as 3 secure message or telephone encounters)...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440572/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention-to-help-cancer-patients-return-to-work
#8
M C J Leensen, I F Groeneveld, T Rejda, P Groenenboom, S van Berkel, T Brandon, A G E M de Boer, M H W Frings-Dresen
This study evaluates feasibility of a multidisciplinary intervention combining occupational counselling with physical exercise to enhance cancer patients' return to work, assesses whether care providers and patients were satisfied with the intervention, and describes barriers to and facilitators of execution. Newly diagnosed cancer patients, treated with chemotherapy and on sick leave from (self-)employment participated. Patients received counselling from an oncological occupational physician (OOP), were assessed by a sports physician, and performed a 12-week training programme supervised by physiotherapists...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438204/evidence-on-anti-malarial-and-diagnostic-markets-in-cambodia-to-guide-malaria-elimination-strategies-and-policies
#9
Sochea Phok, Dysoley Lek
BACKGROUND: Understanding Cambodia's anti-malarial and diagnostic landscape in 2015 is critical for informing and monitoring strategies and policies as Cambodia moves forward with national efforts to eliminate malaria. The aim of this paper is to present timely and key findings on the public and private sector anti-malarial and diagnostic landscape in Cambodia. This evidence can serve as a baseline benchmark for guiding implementation of national strategies as well as other regional initiatives to address malaria elimination activities...
April 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435344/development-of-performance-and-error-metrics-for-ultrasound-guided-axillary-brachial-plexus-block
#10
Osman M Ahmed, Brian D O'Donnell, Anthony G Gallagher, George D Shorten
PURPOSE: Change in the landscape of medical education coupled with a paradigm shift toward outcome-based training mandates the trainee to demonstrate specific predefined performance benchmarks in order to progress through training. A valid and reliable assessment tool is a prerequisite for this process. The objective of this study was to characterize ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block to develop performance and error metrics and to verify face and content validity using a modified Delphi method...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435174/therapist-training-on-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders-using-internet-based-technologies
#11
Kenneth A Kobak, Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Michelle G Craske, Raphael D Rose
This study investigated a technology-enhanced training protocol to facilitate dissemination of therapist training on cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. Seventy community clinicians received an online tutorial followed by live remote observation of clinical skills via videoconference. Impact of training on patient outcomes was also assessed. Training resulted in a significant increase in both trainee knowledge of CBT concepts and techniques and therapist competence in applying these skills...
April 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431618/muscle-strength-and-power-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Mlk Jørgensen, U Dalgas, I Wens, L G Hvid
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease in the central nervous system which causes a number of physical symptoms including impairments of muscle mechanical function (muscle strength, muscle power and explosive muscle strength (~rate of force development, RFD)). However, a full overview of the existing knowledge regarding muscle mechanical function in persons with MS (PwMS) is still pending. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review 1) the psychometric properties of isokinetic dynamometry testing in PwMS, and 2) studies comparing muscle mechanical function in PwMS to matched healthy controls (HC)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431408/the-effects-of-exercise-modality-during-additional-high-intensity-interval-training-upon-aerobic-fitness-and-strength-in-powerlifting-and-strongman-athletes
#13
Patroklos Androulakis-Korakakis, Louis Langdown, Adam Lewis, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Antonio Paoli, James Steele
Powerlifters and strongman athletes have a necessity for optimal levels of muscular strength whilst maintaining sufficient aerobic capacity to perform and recover between events. HIIT has been popularized for its efficacy in improving both aerobic fitness and strength but never assessed within the aforementioned population group. The present study looked to compare the effect of exercise modality, e.g. a traditional aerobic mode (AM), and strength mode, (SM), during HIIT upon aerobic fitness and strength. Sixteen well resistance trained male participants, currently competing in powerlifting and strongman events, completed 8 weeks of approximately effort- and volume-matched HIIT in 2 groups: AM (cycling, n=8) and SM (resistance training, n=8)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430758/the-refractive-error-of-professional-baseball-players
#14
Daniel M Laby, David G Kirschen
PURPOSE: High levels of visual acuity are required to hit a baseball effectively. Research has shown that any decrease in vision is likely caused by low-order optical aberrations. This study is designed to validate the SVOne autorefractor, and describe the amount and type, of low-order optical aberrations present in a large cohort of professional baseball players. METHODS: A retrospective chart review on the 608 Major League Baseball players evaluated during the 2016 Spring Training Season was performed...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426969/chemogenetic-interrogation-of-a-brain-wide-fear-memory-network-in-mice
#15
Gisella Vetere, Justin W Kenney, Lina M Tran, Frances Xia, Patrick E Steadman, John Parkinson, Sheena A Josselyn, Paul W Frankland
Behavior depends on coordinated activity across multiple brain regions. Within such networks, highly connected hub regions are assumed to disproportionately influence behavioral output, although this hypothesis has not been systematically evaluated. Previously, by mapping brain-wide expression of the activity-regulated gene c-fos, we identified a network of brain regions co-activated by fear memory. To test the hypothesis that hub regions are more important for network function, here, we simulated node deletion in silico in this behaviorally defined functional network...
April 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425742/comparing-and-validating-methods-of-reading-instruction-using-behavioural-and-neural-findings-in-an-artificial-orthography
#16
J S H Taylor, Matthew H Davis, Kathleen Rastle
There is strong scientific consensus that emphasizing print-to-sound relationships is critical when learning to read alphabetic languages. Nevertheless, reading instruction varies across English-speaking countries, from intensive phonic training to multicuing environments that teach sound- and meaning-based strategies. We sought to understand the behavioral and neural consequences of these differences in relative emphasis. We taught 24 English-speaking adults to read 2 sets of 24 novel words (e.g., /buv/, /sig/), written in 2 different unfamiliar orthographies...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424459/development-and-outcomes-of-a-primary-care-based-sleep-assessment-service-in-canterbury-new-zealand
#17
Michael J Epton, Paul T Kelly, Brett I Shand, Sallyanne V Powell, Judith N Jones, Graham R B McGeoch, Michael C Hlavac
Prior to 2007, increasing demand for sleep services, plus inability to adequately triage severity, led to long delays in sleep assessment and accessing continuous positive airway pressure. We established a community sleep assessment service carried out by trained general practices using a standardised tool and overnight oximetry. All cases were discussed at a multi-disciplinary meeting, with four outcomes: severe obstructive sleep apnoea treated with continuous positive airway pressure; investigation with more complex studies; sleep physician appointment; no or non-severe sleep disorder for general practitioner management...
April 19, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421354/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-integrating-hiv-prevention-and-treatment-with-cross-sex-hormone-therapy-for-transgender-women-in-lima-peru
#18
Sari L Reisner, Amaya G Perez-Brumer, Sarah A McLean, Javier R Lama, Alfonso Silva-Santisteban, Leyla Huerta, Jorge Sanchez, Jesse L Clark, Matthew J Mimiaga, Kenneth H Mayer
Transgender women (TW) represent a vulnerable population at increased risk for HIV infection in Peru. A mixed-methods study with 48 TW and 19 healthcare professionals was conducted between January and February 2015 to explore barriers and facilitators to implementing a model of care that integrates HIV services with gender-affirmative medical care (i.e., hormone therapy) in Lima, Peru. Perceived acceptability of the integrated care model was high among TW and healthcare professionals alike. Barriers included stigma, lack of provider training or Peruvian guidelines regarding optimal TW care, and service delivery obstacles (e...
April 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420341/genetic-sequence-based-prediction-of-long-range-chromatin-interactions-suggests-a-potential-role-of-short-tandem-repeat-sequences-in-genome-organization
#19
Sarvesh Nikumbh, Nico Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Knowing the three-dimensional (3D) structure of the chromatin is important for obtaining a complete picture of the regulatory landscape. Changes in the 3D structure have been implicated in diseases. While there exist approaches that attempt to predict the long-range chromatin interactions, they focus only on interactions between specific genomic regions - the promoters and enhancers, neglecting other possibilities, for instance, the so-called structural interactions involving intervening chromatin...
April 18, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420266/lessons-learned-from-the-field-testing-of-healthy-love-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-black-women
#20
Carla A Galindo, Tai E Few, Brandy Daniels, Carolyn P Parks, Dázon D Diallo, L Nyrobi N Moss, Aisha L Wilkes, G Chezia Carraway
BACKGROUND: Healthy Love is a brief, highly interactive, single-session, group-level HIV prevention intervention designed for African American women that is effective at reducing sex risk behaviors and increasing condom use and HIV testing among participants. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, through a contract, developed a user-friendly intervention package that would allow organizations to adopt and implement Healthy Love with fidelity. METHOD: Training and implementation materials were developed to support original research protocols, and piloted and revised to conduct field-testing with case study agencies (CSAs)...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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