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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149909/testing-the-implementation-and-sustainment-facilitation-isf-strategy-as-an-effective-adjunct-to-the-addiction-technology-transfer-center-attc-strategy-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Bryan R Garner, Mark Zehner, Mathew R Roosa, Steve Martino, Heather J Gotham, Elizabeth L Ball, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, David Kaiser, James H Ford
BACKGROUND: Improving the extent to which evidence-based practices (EBPs)-treatments that have been empirically shown to be efficacious or effective-are integrated within routine practice is a well-documented challenge across numerous areas of health. In 2014, the National Institute on Drug Abuse funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the substance abuse treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project. Aim 1 of the SAT2HIV Project tests the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing-based brief intervention (MIBI) for substance use as an adjunct to usual care within AIDS service organizations (ASOs) as part of its MIBI Experiment...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147848/simultaneous-point-of-care-detection-of-anemia-and-sickle-cell-disease-in-tanzania-the-rapid-study
#2
Luke R Smart, Emmanuela E Ambrose, Kevin C Raphael, Adolfine Hokororo, Erasmus Kamugisha, Erika A Tyburski, Wilbur A Lam, Russell E Ware, Patrick T McGann
Both anemia and sickle cell disease (SCD) are highly prevalent across sub-Saharan Africa, and limited resources exist to diagnose these conditions quickly and accurately. The development of simple, inexpensive, and accurate point-of-care (POC) assays represents an important advance for global hematology, one that could facilitate timely and life-saving medical interventions. In this prospective study, Robust Assays for Point-of-care Identification of Disease (RAPID), we simultaneously evaluated a POC immunoassay (Sickle SCAN™) to diagnose SCD and a first-generation POC color-based assay to detect anemia...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145806/computer-and-telephone-delivered-interventions-to-support-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-research-output-and-quality
#3
Amy Waller, Sophie Dilworth, Elise Mansfield, Rob Sanson-Fisher
BACKGROUND: To assess the scope, volume and quality of research on the acceptability, utilisation and effectiveness of telephone- and computer-delivered interventions for caregivers of people living with dementia. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane databases were searched (Jan 1990 - Dec 2016). Eligible papers were classified as data-based descriptive, measurement or intervention studies. Intervention studies were first categorised according to mode of delivery (e...
November 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#4
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145504/quantifying-performance-on-an-outdoor-agility-drill-using-foot-mounted-inertial-measurement-units
#5
Antonia M Zaferiou, Lauro Ojeda, Stephen M Cain, Rachel V Vitali, Steven P Davidson, Leia Stirling, Noel C Perkins
Running agility is required for many sports and other physical tasks that demand rapid changes in body direction. Quantifying agility skill remains a challenge because measuring rapid changes of direction and quantifying agility skill from those measurements are difficult to do in ways that replicate real task/game play situations. The objectives of this study were to define and to measure agility performance for a (five-cone) agility drill used within a military obstacle course using data harvested from two foot-mounted inertial measurement units (IMUs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145463/the-chicken-or-the-egg-exploring-bi-directional-associations-between-newcastle-disease-vaccination-and-village-chicken-flock-size-in-rural-tanzania
#6
Julia de Bruyn, Peter C Thomson, Brigitte Bagnol, Wende Maulaga, Elpidius Rukambile, Robyn G Alders
Newcastle disease (ND) is a viral disease of poultry with global importance, responsible for the loss of a potential source of household nutrition and economic livelihood in many low-income food-deficit countries. Periodic outbreaks of this endemic disease result in high mortality amongst free-ranging chicken flocks and may serve as a disincentive for rural households to invest time or resources in poultry-keeping. Sustainable ND control can be achieved through vaccination using a thermotolerant vaccine administered via eyedrop by trained "community vaccinators"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144888/energy-expenditure-and-intake-during-special-operations-forces-field-training-in-a-jungle-and-glacial-environment
#7
Caleb D Johnson, Andrew J Simonson, Matthew E Darnell, James P DeLany, Meleesa F Wohleber, Christopher Connaboy
The purpose of this study was to identify and compare energy requirements specific to Special Operations Forces in field training, in both cool and hot environments. Three separate training sessions were evaluated, two in a hot environment (n=21) and one in a cool environment (n=8). Total energy expenditure was calculated using doubly-labeled water. Dietary intake was assessed via self-report at the end of each training mission day, and macronutrient intakes were calculated. Across the three missions, mean energy expenditure (4,618 ± 1,350 kcal/day) exceeded mean energy intake (2,429 ± 838 kcal/day) by an average of 2,200 kcal/day...
November 16, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143620/optimising-diagnosis-of-viraemic-hepatitis-c-infection-the-development-of-a-target-product-profile
#8
Elena Ivanova Reipold, Philippa Easterbrook, Alessandra Trianni, Nivedha Panneer, Douglas Krakower, Stefano Ongarello, Teri Roberts, Veronica Miller, Claudia Denkinger
BACKGROUND: The current low access to virological testing to confirm chronic viraemic HCV infection in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is limiting the rollout of hepatitis C (HCV) care. Existing tests are complex, costly and require sophisticated laboratory infrastructure. Diagnostic manufacturers need guidance on the optimal characteristics a virological test needs to have to ensure the greatest impact on HCV diagnosis and treatment in LMIC. Our objective was to develop a target product profile (TPP) for diagnosis of HCV viraemia using a global stakeholder consensus-based approach...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141363/-characteristics-of-high-resolution-diffusion-weighted-imaging-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-histogram-and-its-correlations-with-cancer-stages-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#9
G J Wang, Y Wang, Y Ye, F Chen, Y T Lu, S L Li
Objective: To investigate the features of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram parameters based on entire tumor volume data in high resolution diffusion weighted imaging of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and to evaluate its correlations with cancer stages. Methods: This retrospective study included 154 cases of NPC patients[102 males and 52 females, mean age (48±11) years]who had received readout segmentation of long variable echo trains of MRI scan before radiation therapy. The area of tumor was delineated on each section of axial ADC maps to generate ADC histogram by using Image J...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140148/the-reliability-of-individualized-load-velocity-profiles
#10
Harry G Banyard, K Nosaka, Alex D Vernon, G Gregory Haff
PURPOSE: This study examined the reliability of peak velocity (PV), mean propulsive velocity (MPV), and mean velocity (MV) in the development of load-velocity profiles (LVP) in the full depth free-weight back squat performed with maximal concentric effort. METHODS: Eighteen resistance-trained men performed a baseline one-repetition maximum (1RM) back squat trial and three subsequent 1RM trials used for reliability analyses, with 48-hours interval between trials...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140147/sprint-running-performance-and-technique-changes-in-athletes-during-periodized-training-an-elite-training-group-case-study
#11
Ian N Bezodis, David G Kerwin, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Aki I T Salo
PURPOSE: To understand how training periodization influences sprint performance and key step characteristics over an extended training period in an elite sprint training group. METHODS: Four sprinters were studied during five months of training. Step velocities, step lengths and step frequencies were measured from video of the maximum velocity phase of training sprints. Bootstrapped mean values were calculated for each athlete for each session and 139 within-athlete, between-session comparisons were made with a repeated measures ANOVA...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138993/adverse-drug-events-and-medication-errors-in-african-hospitals-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Tariq M Alhawassi, Andrew J McLachlan, Jo-Anne E Brien
BACKGROUND: Medication errors and adverse drug events are universal problems contributing to patient harm but the magnitude of these problems in Africa remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically investigate the literature on the extent of medication errors and adverse drug events, and the factors contributing to medication errors in African hospitals. METHODS: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Global Health databases from inception to 31 August, 2017 and hand searched the reference lists of included studies...
November 14, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138904/rice-diversity-panel-provides-accurate-genomic-predictions-for-complex-traits-in-the-progenies-of-biparental-crosses-involving-members-of-the-panel
#13
M Ben Hassen, T V Cao, J Bartholomé, G Orasen, C Colombi, J Rakotomalala, L Razafinimpiasa, C Bertone, C Biselli, A Volante, F Desiderio, L Jacquin, G Valè, N Ahmadi
Rice breeding programs based on pedigree schemes can use a genomic model trained with data from their working collection to predict performances of progenies produced through rapid generation advancement. So far, most potential applications of genomic prediction in plant improvement have been explored using cross validation approaches. This is the first empirical study to evaluate the accuracy of genomic prediction of the performances of progenies in a typical rice breeding program. Using a cross validation approach, we first analyzed the effects of marker selection and statistical methods on the accuracy of prediction of three different heritability traits in a reference population (RP) of 284 inbred accessions...
November 14, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136338/the-perspectives-of-medical-specialists-from-different-disciplines-on-the-management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-interview-study
#14
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Shilpanjali Jesudason, Peter Tugwell, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Daniel Sumpton, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organ systems, with specialists from many disciplines often involved, which may lead to inconsistent care. We aimed to describe the attitudes and perspectives of specialists from different medical disciplines on the management of people with SLE. METHODS: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews were conducted with rheumatologists (n=16), nephrologists (n=16), and immunologists (n=11) providing care to adults with SLE from 19 centers across Australia in 2015...
November 14, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135348/development-of-a-surgical-infection-surveillance-program-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia-lessons-learned-from-two-surveillance-strategies
#15
Jared A Forrester, Luca Koritsanszky, Benjamin D Parsons, Menbere Hailu, Demisew Amenu, Seifu Alemu, Fekadu Jiru, Thomas G Weiser
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a leading cause of post-operative morbidity and mortality. We developed Clean Cut, a surgical infection prevention program, with two goals: (1) Increase adherence to evidence-based peri-operative infection prevention standards and (2) establish sustainable surgical infection surveillance. Here we describe our infection surveillance strategy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clean Cut was piloted and evaluated at a 523 bed tertiary hospital in Ethiopia...
November 14, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132360/neoanalysis-a-python-based-toolbox-for-quick-electrophysiological-data-processing-and-analysis
#16
Bo Zhang, Ji Dai, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: In a typical electrophysiological experiment, especially one that includes studying animal behavior, the data collected normally contain spikes, local field potentials, behavioral responses and other associated data. In order to obtain informative results, the data must be analyzed simultaneously with the experimental settings. However, most open-source toolboxes currently available for data analysis were developed to handle only a portion of the data and did not take into account the sorting of experimental conditions...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130717/effect-of-the-implementation-of-the-mixed-cafeteria-system-in-a-hospital-nutrition-and-dietetic-service
#17
Kamila Pires de Carvalho, Flaviana Pereira de Oliveira Martins, Isis Danyelle Dias Custódio, Emanuelle Do Nascimento Santos Lima, Daniela Nogueira Prado de Souza, Yara Cristina de Paiva Maia
INTRODUCTION: The type of service offered by the nutrition and dietetics service (NDS) of a hospital has a direct impact on food waste. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate waste in the transition from a simple to a mixed cafeteria service. METHODOLOGY: The study was carried out in a NDS of a University Hospital during 60 days (30 days for each type of service). The meals prepared and distributed and the leftovers of lunch and dinner were weighed. RESULTS: Per capita values of non-usable leftovers were below the acceptable range (7-25 g), not varying with the service transition (p = 0...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129740/survey-on-neonatal-end-of-life-comfort-care-guidelines-across-america
#18
Shelly Haug, Sara Farooqi, Christopher G Wilson, Andrew Hopper, Grace Oei, Brian Carter
CONTEXT: Infants of age < 1 year have the highest mortality rate in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines for palliative care in 2013, however, significant variation persists among local protocols addressing neonatal comfort care at the end-of-life (EOL). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate current neonatal EOL comfort care practices and clinician satisfaction across America METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval (516005), an anonymous, electronic survey was sent to members of the AAP Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129021/the-effect-of-natural-or-simulated-altitude-training-on-high-intensity-intermittent-running-performance-in-team-sport-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore, Will G Hopkins
BACKGROUND: While adaptation to hypoxia at natural or simulated altitude has long been used with endurance athletes, it has only recently gained popularity for team-sport athletes. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of hypoxic interventions on high-intensity intermittent running performance in team-sport athletes. METHODS: A systematic literature search of five journal databases was performed. Percent change in performance (distance covered) in the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (level 1 and level 2 were used without differentiation) in hypoxic (natural or simulated altitude) and control (sea level or normoxic placebo) groups was meta-analyzed with a mixed model...
November 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128644/mass-drug-administration-the-sustainable-control-of-schistosomiasis-community-health-workers-are-vital-for-global-elimination-efforts
#20
Marianette T Inobaya, Thao N Chau, Shu-Kay Ng, Colin MacDougall, Remigio M Olveda, Veronica L Tallo, Jhoys M Landicho, Carol M Malacad, Mila F Aligato, Jerric R Guevarra, Allen G Ross
OBJECTIVES: Schistosomiasis control is centered on preventive chemotherapy through mass drug administration (MDA) but endemic countries continue to struggle to attain target coverage rates and patient compliance. In the Philippines, Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) play a vital role in the coordination of MDA as advocates, implementers, and educators. The aim of this study was to determine if the BHWs' knowledge and attitudes towards schistosomiasis and MDA is sufficient and correlated with resident knowledge and drug compliance...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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