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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804583/a-communicative-model-of-mothers-lifestyles-during-pregnancy-with-low-birth-weight-based-on-social-determinants-of-health-a-path-analysis
#1
Zohreh Mahmoodi, Masoud Karimlou, Homeira Sajjadi, Masoomeh Dejman, Meroe Vameghi, Mahrokh Dolatian
OBJECTIVES: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the major health problems worldwide. It is important to identify the factors that play a role in the incidence of this adverse pregnancy outcome. This study aimed to develop a tool to measure mothers' lifestyles during pregnancy with a view to the effects of social determinants on health and develop a correlation model of mothers' lifestyles with LBW. METHODS: This study was conducted using methodological and case-control designs in four stages by selecting 750 mothers with infants weighing less than 4000 g using multistage sampling...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803724/implementation-and-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-precepting-program-for-burn-nurses
#2
Johnnie R Robbins, Krystal K Valdez-Delgado, Nicole W Caldwell, Linda H Yoder, Elizabeth J Hayes, Michaèl G Barba, Hope L Greeley, Colleen Mitchell, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas
INTRODUCTION: There is significant nationwide interest in transitioning new and new-to-specialty nurses into practice, especially in burn care. Lack of a structured transition program in our Burn Center was recognized as a contributing factor for nursing dissatisfaction and increased turnover compared to other hospital units. Employee evaluations exposed a need for more didactic instruction, hands-on learning, and preceptor support. The goal of this project was to implement an evidence-based transition to practice program specific to the burn specialty...
August 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803380/aerobic-interval-training-reduces-vascular-resistances-during-submaximal-exercise-in-obese-metabolic-syndrome-individuals
#3
Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez, V E Fernandez-Elias, F Morales-Palomo, J G Pallares, M Ramirez-Jimenez, J F Ortega
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (AIT) on exercise hemodynamics in metabolic syndrome (MetS) volunteers. METHODS: Thirty-eight, MetS participants were randomly assigned to a training (TRAIN) or to a non-training control (CONT) group. TRAIN consisted of stationary interval cycling alternating bouts at 70-90% of maximal heart rate during 45 min day(-1) for 6 months. RESULTS: CONT maintained baseline physical activity and no changes in cardiovascular function or MetS factors were detected...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802436/quantifying-the-cognitive-cost-of-laparo-endoscopic-single-site-surgeries-gaze-based-indices
#4
Leandro L Di Stasi, Carolina Díaz-Piedra, Juan Francisco Ruiz-Rabelo, Héctor Rieiro, Jose M Sanchez Carrion, Andrés Catena
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing interest concerning the laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) procedure, LESS presents multiple difficulties and challenges that are likely to increase the surgeon's cognitive cost, in terms of both cognitive load and performance. Nevertheless, there is currently no objective index capable of assessing the surgeon cognitive cost while performing LESS. We assessed if gaze-based indices might offer unique and unbiased measures to quantify LESS complexity and its cognitive cost...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802429/paramedics-working-strategies-while-loading-a-stretcher-into-an-ambulance
#5
J Prairie, A Plamondon, D Larouche, S Hegg-Deloye, P Corbeil
For paramedics, loading a stretcher into an ambulance is an activity with a high risk of back injury and accidents. The objective of this study was to document strategies paramedics use at work while loading a powered stretcher into an ambulance. A total of 249 stretcher loading operations performed by 58 paramedics, and 51 semistructured post-intervention interviews were analyzed. Almost three quarters of loading operations required additional actions (e.g., raising the shoulders and additional lifting) to insert the stretcher into the cot fastener system in the ambulance...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800444/do-parental-adhd-symptoms-reduce-the-efficacy-of-parent-training-for-preschool-adhd-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rex Forehand, Justin Parent, Virginia D Peisch, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Nicholas Long, Nicole Lafko Breslend, Howard B Abikoff
Previous studies have suggested that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may benefit less from behavioral parent training (BPT) if their parents have high levels of ADHD symptoms. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that parental ADHD symptoms reduce the efficacy of two BPT programs in a sample of preschoolers with ADHD. One intervention was specifically designed for children with ADHD (NFPP: New Forest Parenting Programme) and one was designed for children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (HNC: Helping the Noncompliant Child)...
August 4, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800005/the-effects-of-british-army-footwear-on-ground-reaction-force-and-temporal-parameters-of-british-army-foot-drill
#7
Alex J Rawcliffe, Scott M Graham, Richard J Simpson, Gavin L Moir, Russell Jj Martindale, Stelios G Psycharakis, Chris Connaboy
High rates of occupational training-related lower-limb musculoskeletal [MSK] overuse injuries are reported for British Army recruits during basic training. Foot-drill is a repetitive impact loading occupational activity and involves striking the ground violently with an extended-knee [straight-leg] landing. Foot-drill produces vertical ground reaction forces [vGRF] equal to and/or greater than those reported for high-level plyometric exercises/activities. Shock absorbing footwear aid in the attenuation of the magnitude of vGRF, resulting in a reduced risk of lower-limb MSK overuse injury when running...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799895/arginine-and-aerobic-training-prevent-endothelial-and-metabolic-alterations-in-rats-at-high-risk-for-the-development-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Renata F Medeiros, Thaiane G Gaique, Thais Bento-Bernardes, Raquel Kindlovits, Tamiris M B Gomes, Nadia Alice V Motta, Fernanda Carla Brito, Caroline Fernandes-Santos, Karen J Oliveira, Antonio Claudio L Nóbrega
Endothelial function is a key mechanism in the development of CVD. Arginine and exercise are important non-pharmacological strategies for mitigating the impact of metabolic changes in the metabolic syndrome, but the effect of their combined administration is unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the isolated and combined effects of aerobic training and arginine supplementation on metabolic variables and vascular reactivity in rats at high risk for developing the metabolic syndrome. Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control and fructose (F - water with 10 % fructose)...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797548/efficient-and-robust-cell-detection-a-structured-regression-approach
#9
Yuanpu Xie, Fuyong Xing, Xiaoshuang Shi, Xiangfei Kong, Hai Su, Lin Yang
Efficient and robust cell detection serves as a critical prerequisite for many subsequent biomedical image analysis methods and computer-aided diagnosis (CAD). It remains a challenging task due to touching cells, inhomogeneous background noise, and large variations in cell sizes and shapes. In addition, the ever-increasing amount of available datasets and the high resolution of whole-slice scanned images pose a further demand for efficient processing algorithms. In this paper, we present a novel structured regression model based on a proposed fully residual convolutional neural network for efficient cell detection...
July 26, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797049/effect-of-sodium-bicarbonate-on-prolonged-running-performance-a-randomized-double-blind-cross-over-study
#10
Tanja Freis, Anne Hecksteden, Ulf Such, Tim Meyer
BACKGROUND: The ability to sustain intense exercise seems to be partially limited by the body's capability to counteract decreases in both intra- and extracellular pH. While the influence of an enhanced buffering capacity via sodium bicarbonate (BICA) on short-term, high-intensity exercise performance has been repeatedly investigated, studies on prolonged endurance performances are comparatively rare, especially for running. The aim of the following study was to assess the ergogenic effects of an oral BICA substitution upon exhaustive intensive endurance running performance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795133/performance-of-18-f-flutemetamol-amyloid-imaging-against-the-neuritic-plaque-component-of-cerad-and-the-current-2012-nia-aa-recommendations-for-the-neuropathologic-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Stephen Salloway, Jose E Gamez, Upinder Singh, Carl H Sadowsky, Teresa Villena, Marwan N Sabbagh, Thomas G Beach, Ranjan Duara, Adam S Fleisher, Kirk A Frey, Zuzana Walker, Arvinder Hunjan, Yavir M Escovar, Marc E Agronin, Joel Ross, Andrea Bozoki, Mary Akinola, Jiong Shi, Rik Vandenberghe, Milos D Ikonomovic, Paul F Sherwin, Gill Farrar, Adrian P L Smith, Christopher J Buckley, Dietmar Rudolf Thal, Michelle Zanette, Craig Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Performance of the amyloid tracer [(18)F]flutemetamol was evaluated against three pathology standard of truth (SoT) measures including neuritic plaques (CERAD "original" and "modified" and the amyloid component of the 2012 NIA-AA guidelines). METHODS: After [(18)F]flutemetamol imaging, 106 end-of-life patients who died underwent postmortem brain examination for amyloid plaque load. Blinded positron emission tomography scan interpretations by five independent electronically trained readers were compared with pathology measures...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794177/discovery-and-validation-of-a-six-marker-serum-protein-signature-for-the-diagnosis-of-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#12
Mary A De Groote, David G Sterling, Thomas Hraha, Theresa Russell, Louis S Green, Kirsten Wall, Stephan Kraemer, Rachel Ostroff, Nebojsa Janjic, Urs A Ochsner
New non-sputum biomarker tests for active tuberculosis (TB) diagnostics are of highest priority for global TB control. We performed in-depth proteomic analysis using the 4000-plex SOMAscan assay on 1470 serum samples from seven TB-endemic countries. All samples were from patients with symptoms and signs suggestive of active pulmonary TB that were systematically confirmed or ruled-out for TB by culture and clinical follow-up. HIV-coinfection was present in 34%and 22% were sputum smear-negative. Serum protein biomarkers were identified by stability selection using L1-regularized logistic regression and by Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) statistics...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792502/harmonization-of-community-health-worker-programs-for-hiv-a-four-country-qualitative-study-in-southern-africa
#13
Jan-Walter De Neve, Henri Garrison-Desany, Kathryn G Andrews, Nour Sharara, Chantelle Boudreaux, Roopan Gill, Pascal Geldsetzer, Maria Vaikath, Till Bärnighausen, Thomas J Bossert
BACKGROUND: Community health worker (CHW) programs are believed to be poorly coordinated, poorly integrated into national health systems, and lacking long-term support. Duplication of services, fragmentation, and resource limitations may have impeded the potential impact of CHWs for achieving HIV goals. This study assesses mediators of a more harmonized approach to implementing large-scale CHW programs for HIV in the context of complex health systems and multiple donors. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We undertook four country case studies in Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland between August 2015 and May 2016...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792477/discrimination-of-oil-slicks-and-lookalikes-in-polarimetric-sar-images-using-cnn
#14
Hao Guo, Danni Wu, Jubai An
Oil slicks and lookalikes (e.g., plant oil and oil emulsion) all appear as dark areas in polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images and are highly heterogeneous, so it is very difficult to use a single feature that can allow classification of dark objects in polarimetric SAR images as oil slicks or lookalikes. We established multi-feature fusion to support the discrimination of oil slicks and lookalikes. In the paper, simple discrimination analysis is used to rationalize a preferred features subset...
August 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782701/a-systematic-review-of-end-of-life-care-communication-skills-training-for-generalist-palliative-care-providers-research-quality-and-reporting-guidance
#15
REVIEW
Lisa Jane Brighton, Jonathan Koffman, Amy Hawkins, Christine McDonald, Suzanne O'Brien, Vicky Robinson, Shaheen A Khan, Rob George, Irene J Higginson, Lucy Ellen Selman
CONTEXT: End of life care (EoLC) communication skills training for generalist palliative care providers is recommended in policy guidance globally. Whilst many training programmes now exist, there has been no comprehensive evidence synthesis to inform future training delivery and evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To identify and appraise how EoLC communication skills training interventions for generalist palliative care providers are developed, delivered, evaluated, and reported...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780767/ageing-successfully-with-haemophilia-a-multidisciplinary-programme
#16
E Boccalandro, M E Mancuso, S Riva, D M Pisaniello, F Ronchetti, E Santagostino, F Peyvandi, L P Solimeno, P M Mannucci, G Pasta
INTRODUCTION: Persons with haemophilia (PWH) born before the middle 1970s have spent a substantial part of their lives without the benefits of replacement therapy, that became available on a relative large scale only during the 1970s. As a consequence, this group of PWH, although still relatively young, suffers from musculoskeletal and functional problems that are typical of old people. METHODS: We report herewith the short-term results of a project based upon a multidisciplinary training programme led by a physiotherapist and an occupational therapist, that was implemented over a period of 12 months in 40 patients with severe or moderate hemophilia A or B born before the middle 1970s and regularly followed-up at a comprehensive haemophilia treatment centre in Italy...
August 6, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776523/screening-of-health-care-workers-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#17
Anand Bimari Janagond, Vithiya Ganesan, G S Vijay Kumar, Arunagiri Ramesh, Prem Anand, M Mariappan
BACKGROUND: Health-care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB) than the general population. While national-level data on the burden of TB in general population is available from reliable sources, nationally representative data on latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) burden in HCWs in the high burden countries is lacking. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out to assess the risk of TB infection among HCWs who directly engage in medical duties...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772091/riding-high-into-the-danger-zone-a-review-of-potential-differences-in-chemical-exposures-in-fighter-pilots-resulting-from-high-altitude-and-g-forces
#18
Matthew W Linakis, Kathleen M Job, Xiaoxi Liu, Scott C Collingwood, Heather A Pangburn, Darrin K Ott, Catherine M T Sherwin
When in flight, pilots of high performance aircraft experience conditions unique to their profession. Training flights, performed as often as several times a week, can expose these pilots to altitudes in excess of 15 km (~50,000 ft, with a cabin pressurized to an altitude of ~20,000 ft), and the maneuvers performed in flight can exacerbate the G-forces felt by the pilot. While the pilots specifically train to withstand these extreme conditions, the physiologic stress could very likely lead to differences in the disposition of chemicals in the body, and consequently, dangerously high exposures...
August 3, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768157/neurofeedback-of-smr-and-beta1-frequencies-an-investigation-of-learning-indices-and-frequency-specific-effects
#19
Miguel G Pimenta, Chris van Run, Jan W de Fockert, John H Gruzelier
Despite evidence that Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR) and beta1 neurofeedback have distinct cognitive enhancement effects, it remains unclear whether their amplitudes can be independently enhanced. Furthermore, demands for top-down attention control, postural restraint and maintenance of cognitive set processes, all requiring low-beta frequencies, might masquerade as learning and confound interpretation. The feasibility of selectively enhancing SMR and beta1 amplitudes was investigated with the addition of a random frequency control condition that also requires the potentially confounding cognitive processes...
July 30, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768115/changes-in-adjustment-force-speed-and-direction-factors-in-chiropractic-students-after-10-weeks-undergoing-standard-technique-training
#20
Edward F Owens, Brent S Russell, Ronald S Hosek, Stephanie G B Sullivan, Lydia L Dever, Linda Mullin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the force profiles of high-velocity low-amplitude thrusts delivered to a mannequin on a force platform by novice students given only verbal instructions. METHODS: Student volunteers untrained in adjusting delivered a series of adjustments to a mannequin on a force platform. Participants performed 3 light, 3 normal, and 3 heavy thrusts on 5 listings specifying contact point, hand, and direction. Force profiles were analyzed for speed and amplitude, consistency, and force discrimination...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
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