keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

macrophage and atherogenesis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128090/crocus-sativus-l-aqueous-extract-reduces-atherogenesis-increases-atherosclerotic-plaque-stability-and-improves-glucose-control-in-diabetic-atherosclerotic-animals
#1
Ei Christodoulou, N P E Kadoglou, M Stasinopoulou, O A Konstandi, C Kenoutis, Z I Kakazanis, A Rizakou, N Kostomitsopoulos, G Valsami
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to evaluate a possible atheroprotective effect of saffron aqueous extract (SFE), and its potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms, in apoE knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice. METHODS: Fifty male, ApoE(-/-) mice, fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks, were randomized into 5 groups: (1) baseline group, euthanatized, without intervention, (2) three saffron groups, receiving HFD and 30,60,90 mg/kg/day of SFE, respectively, for four weeks, per os through gavage, after reconstitution in water for injection (WFI), (3) control group (COG), receiving daily HFD and the same volume of WFI (four weeks)...
November 1, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101840/ex%C3%A2-vivo-culture-of-human-atherosclerotic-plaques-a-model-to-study-immune-cells-in-atherogenesis
#2
Anna Lebedeva, Daria Vorobyeva, Murad Vagida, Oxana Ivanova, Eugeny Felker, Wendy Fitzgerald, Natalya Danilova, Vladimir Gontarenko, Alexander Shpektor, Elena Vasilieva, Leonid Margolis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The mechanisms that drive atherosclerotic plaque progression and destabilization in humans remain largely unknown. Laboratory models are needed to study these mechanisms under controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to establish a new ex vivo model of human atherosclerotic plaques that preserves the main cell types in plaques and the extracellular components in the context of native cytoarchitecture. METHODS: Atherosclerotic plaques from carotid arteries of 28 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy were dissected and cultured...
October 7, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099637/adipophilin-involved-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-raw264-7-cell-via-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-2-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-pathway
#3
Yanmei Tan, Hai Zhang, Dongming Guo, Jiangbo Wang, Xu Yuan, Zhonghua Yuan
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which is thought to be one of the most common causes of death globally. The functions of macrophage in the development of atherosclerosis inflammation still get more attention. Although lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can trigger inflammation in atherosclerosis, how LPS promotes atherogenesis through acting on macrophage is not very clear. Here, we study the role of adipophilin in LPS-induced inflammation. After RAW264.7 cells were treated with LPS of different concentrations, the protein level of adipophilin was increased dose-dependently, and cells treated with LPS for various time were observed the highest levels of TNF-α, MCP-1, and IL-6 at 12 h...
November 3, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097054/age-albumin-enhances-abca1-degradation-by-ubiquitin-proteasome-and-lysosomal-pathways-in-macrophages
#4
Rodrigo Tallada Iborra, Adriana Machado-Lima, Ligia Shimabukuro Okuda, Paula Ramos Pinto, Edna Regina Nakandakare, Ubiratan Fabres Machado, Maria Lucia Correa-Giannella, Russell Pickford, Tom Woods, Margaret A Brimble, Kerry-Anne Rye, Rui Lu, Shinji Yokoyama, Marisa Passarelli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) induce cellular oxidative/endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammation. We investigated its underlying mechanisms for atherogenesis focusing on regulation of ABCA1 protein decay in macrophages. METHODS: The ABCA1 decay rate was evaluated in macrophages after treatment with LXR agonist and by incubation with control (C) or AGE-albumin concomitant or not with cycloheximide, MG-132, ammonium chloride and calpain inhibitors were utilized to inhibit, respectively, proteasome, lysosome and ABCA1 proteolysis at cell surface...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091769/genetic-dissection-of-the-impact-of-mir-33a-and-mir-33b-during-the-progression-of-atherosclerosis
#5
Nathan L Price, Noemi Rotllan, Alberto Canfrán-Duque, Xinbo Zhang, Paramita Pati, Noemi Arias, Jack Moen, Manuel Mayr, David A Ford, Ángel Baldán, Yajaira Suárez, Carlos Fernández-Hernando
As an important regulator of macrophage cholesterol efflux and HDL biogenesis, miR-33 is a promising target for treatment of atherosclerosis, and numerous studies demonstrate that inhibition of miR-33 increases HDL levels and reduces plaque burden. However, important questions remain about how miR-33 impacts atherogenesis, including whether this protection is primarily due to direct effects on plaque macrophages or regulation of lipid metabolism in the liver. We demonstrate that miR-33 deficiency in Ldlr(-/-) mice promotes obesity, insulin resistance, and hyperlipidemia but does not impact plaque development...
October 31, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081697/genetic-risk-factors-in-cerebrovascular-disorders-and-cognitive-deterioration
#6
Juan C Carril, Ramón Cacabelos
INTRODUCTION: The study of variations in genes involved in the different events that trigger the atherogenic process, such as lipid metabolism (modification of LDL-cholesterol), endothelial function and hypertension, immune response (recruitment of macrophages and foam cell formation) and stability of atherosclerotic plaques (thrombosis), established the risk for suffering a vascular disorder. A total of 2455 cases over 50 years of age were genotyped for a panel of 19 SNPs in 15 genes encoding for proteins involved in the atherogenic process...
October 2017: Current Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074468/functional-diversity-of-macrophages-in-vascular-biology-and-disease
#7
REVIEW
Inhye Park, Christina Kassiteridi, Claudia Monaco
Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial chronic inflammatory disease and is largely responsible for cardiovascular disease, the most common cause of global mortality. The hallmark of atherogenesis is immune activation following lipid accumulation in the arterial wall. In particular, macrophages play a non-redundant role in both the progression and regression of inflammation in the atherosclerotic lesion. Macrophages are remarkably heterogeneous phagocytes that perform versatile functions in health and disease. Their functional diversity in vascular biology is only partially mapped...
October 23, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055824/selenium-containing-indolyl-compounds-kinetics-of-reaction-with-inflammation-associated-oxidants-and-protective-effect-against-oxidation-of-extracellular-matrix-proteins
#8
Angela M Casaril, Marta T Ignasiak, Christine Y Chuang, Beatriz Vieira, Nathalia B Padilha, Luke Carroll, Eder J Lenardão, Lucielli Savegnago, Michael J Davies
Activated white blood cells generate multiple oxidants in response to invading pathogens. Thus, hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is generated via the reaction of myeloperoxidase (from neutrophils and monocytes) with hydrogen peroxide, and peroxynitrous acid (ONOOH), a potent oxidizing and nitrating agent is formed from superoxide radicals and nitric oxide, generated by stimulated macrophages. Excessive or misplaced production of these oxidants has been linked to multiple human pathologies, including cardiovascular disease...
October 18, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055004/stat4-regulates-the-cd8-regulatory-t-cell-t-follicular-helper-cell-axis-and-promotes-atherogenesis-in-insulin-resistant-ldlr-mice
#9
Parésa L Taghavie-Moghadam, Tayab C Waseem, Julian Hattler, Lindsey M Glenn, Anca D Dobrian, Mark H Kaplan, Yi Yang, Roza Nurieva, Jerry L Nadler, Elena V Galkina
The metabolic syndrome and diabetic conditions support atherosclerosis, but the exact mechanisms for accelerated atherogenesis remain unclear. Although the proinflammatory role of STAT4 in atherosclerosis and diet-induced insulin resistance (IR) was recently established, the impact of STAT4 on atherogenesis in conditions of IR is not known. In this study, we generated Stat4(-/-)Ldlr(-/-) mice that were fed a diabetogenic diet with added cholesterol (DDC). DDC-fed Stat4(-/-)Ldlr(-/-) mice demonstrated improved glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and a 36% reduction in atherosclerosis compared with Ldlr(-/-) controls...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045950/leonurine-prevents-atherosclerosis-via-promoting-the-expression-of-abca1-and-abcg1-in-a-ppar%C3%AE-lxr%C3%AE-signaling-pathway-dependent-manner
#10
Ting Jiang, Kun Ren, Qian Chen, Heng Li, Rong Yao, Hu Hu, Yun-Cheng Lv, Guo-Jun Zhao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have demonstrated that leonurine, a unique alkaloid compound of Herba leonuri, can exert anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects on the development of atherosclerosis (AS). This study was designed to investigate the effects of leonurine on cholesterol efflux from THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells and development of atherosclerotic lesions in apoE-/- mice, and further determine the potential mechanisms. METHODS: Human THP-1 cells were fully differentiated into foam cells by the pre-treatment with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) and oxidized density lipoproteins (ox-LDL)...
October 18, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044181/a-novel-%C3%AE-adaptin-c-myc-complex-formation-modulated-by-oxidative-stress-in-the-control-of-the-cell-cycle-in-macrophages-and-its-implication-in-atherogenesis
#11
Victor García-González, Jaime Mas-Oliva
Our study tested the proposal that c-Myc activation in macrophages is differentially carried out dependent on the intracellular oxidative state of cells and potentially associated to the process of atherogenesis. Under our experimental conditions, the generation of reactive oxygen species carried out by the presence of oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDL) or Gram negative bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) modifies the expression of cellular adhesion molecules such as c-Abl, calcium transport proteins such as the plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA), CD47, procaspase-7, CASP7, CHOP, transcriptional activators such as c-Jun and c-Myc and molecules that participate in the process of endocytosis like α- and β-adaptin...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042581/immunoproteasome-subunit-%C3%A3-5i-lmp7-deficiency-in-atherosclerosis
#12
Bernd Hewing, Antje Ludwig, Cristian Dan, Max Pötzsch, Carmen Hannemann, Andreas Petry, Dilyara Lauer, Agnes Görlach, Elena Kaschina, Dominik N Müller, Gert Baumann, Verena Stangl, Karl Stangl, Nicola Wilck
Management of protein homeostasis by the ubiquitin-proteasome system is critical for atherosclerosis development. Recent studies showed controversial results on the role of immunoproteasome (IP) subunit β5i/LMP7 in maintenance of protein homeostasis under cytokine induced oxidative stress. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of β5i/LMP7-deficiency on the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis as a chronic inflammatory, immune cell driven disease. LDLR(-/-)LMP7(-/-) and LDLR(-/-) mice were fed a Western-type diet for either 6 or 24 weeks to induce early and advanced stage atherosclerosis, respectively...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035781/lack-of-myeloid-fatp1-increases-atherosclerotic-lesion-size-in-ldlr-mice
#13
Liyang Zhao, Alyssa J Cozzo, Amy R Johnson, Taylor Christensen, Alex J Freemerman, James E Bear, Jeremy D Rotty, Brian J Bennett, Liza Makowski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Altered metabolism is an important regulator of macrophage (MΦ) phenotype, which contributes to inflammatory diseases such as atherosclerosis. Broadly, pro-inflammatory, classically-activated MΦs (CAM) are glycolytic while alternatively-activated MΦs (AAM) oxidize fatty acids, although overlap exists. We previously demonstrated that MΦ fatty acid transport protein 1 (FATP1, Slc27a1) was necessary to maintain the oxidative and anti-inflammatory AAM phenotype in vivo in a model of diet-induced obesity...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024865/impaired-kidney-function-is-associated-with-intraplaque-hemorrhage-in-patients-undergoing-carotid-endarterectomy
#14
Marian Wesseling, Ian D van Koeverden, Guus W van Lammeren, Sander W van der Laan, Saskia Haitjema, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Hester M den Ruijter, Saskia C A de Jager, Imo Hoefer, Peter Blankestijn, Marianne Verhaar, Dominique P V de Kleijn, Gert J de Borst, Gerard Pasterkamp
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previously, we showed that patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy have an increased risk for major atherosclerotic events in the presence of moderate or poor kidney function. Acceleration of vascular inflammatory responses is considered to be causally involved in progression of atherogenesis and poor outcome in chronic kidney disease patients. The association between kidney function and plaque composition has not been thoroughly investigated yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between kidney function and atherosclerotic plaque composition in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016810/mir-30c-5p-regulates-macrophage-mediated-inflammation-and-pro-atherosclerosis-pathways
#15
Giulio Ceolotto, Alessandra Giannella, Mattia Albiero, Maniselvan Kuppusamy, Claudia Radu, Paolo Simioni, Katia Garlaschelli, Andrea Baragetti, Alberico Luigi Catapano, Elisabetta Iori, Gian Paolo Fadini, Angelo Avogaro, Saula Vigili de Kreutzenberg
Aims: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease wherein cholesterol-loaded macrophages play a major role. MicroRNAs and microparticles propagate inflammatory pathways and are involved in cardiovascular disease. We aimed to screen and validate circulating microRNAs correlated with atherosclerosis development in humans, and to dissect the molecular mechanisms associated with atherogenesis using in vitro and in vivo approaches. Methods and results: A panel of 179 secreted microRNAs was screened in plasma samples of patients with and without atherosclerosis, and validated cross-sectionally and prospectively in patients followed for up to 11 years...
November 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994792/the-rabbit-model-of-accelerated-atherosclerosis-a-methodological-perspective-of-the-iliac-artery-balloon-injury
#16
Manish Jain, Aurélien Frobert, Jérémy Valentin, Stéphane Cook, Marie-Noëlle Giraud
Acute coronary syndrome resulting from coronary occlusion following atherosclerotic plaque development and rupture is the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits are widely used as an animal model for the study of atherosclerosis. They develop spontaneous lesions when fed with atherogenic diet; however, this requires long time of 4 - 8 months. To further enhance and accelerate atherogenesis, a combination of atherogenic diet and mechanical endothelial injury is often employed...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981605/osteoclast-stimulatory-transmembrane-protein-induces-a-phenotypic-switch-in-macrophage-polarization-suppressing-an-m1-pro-inflammatory-state
#17
Huimin Yuan, Jiangping He, Guangya Zhang, Dandan Zhang, Xiangxin Kong, Fengling Chen
Macrophages are the key cells in metabolic syndrome and are also a risk factor for metabolic disease. Macrophages have different functions and transcriptional profiles, but all are required for maintaining homeostasis. It is well known that macrophages play a key role in inflammation and early atherogenesis, and are present in two phenotypes: pro-inflammatory (M1) and anti-inflammatory (M2). Osteoclast stimulatory transmembrane protein (oc-stamp) is a multiple-pass transmembrane protein; however, its function remains unclear...
October 1, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976221/dapagliflozin-attenuates-human-vascular-endothelial-cell-activation-and-induces-vasorelaxation-a-potential-mechanism-for-inhibition-of-atherogenesis
#18
Tracey Gaspari, Iressa Spizzo, HongBin Liu, Yunshan Hu, Richard W Simpson, Robert E Widdop, Anthony E Dear
BACKGROUND: Sodium glucose transporter type 2 inhibitors may reduce cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes. Our study aimed to determine the effect of the sodium glucose transporter type 2 inhibitor dapagliflozin on endothelial cell activation, vasoreactivity and atherogenesis using in vitro and in vivo models and identify associated molecular mechanisms. METHODS: In vitro studies utilised human vascular endothelial cells stimulated with tumour necrosis factor α or hyperglycaemic conditions...
October 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970293/mitochondrial-respiration-is-reduced-in-atherosclerosis-promoting-necrotic-core-formation-and-reducing-relative-fibrous-cap-thickness
#19
Emma P K Yu, Johannes Reinhold, Haixiang Yu, Lakshi Starks, Anna K Uryga, Kirsty Foote, Alison Finigan, Nichola Figg, Yuh-Fen Pung, Angela Logan, Michael P Murphy, Martin Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage is present in murine and human atherosclerotic plaques. However, whether endogenous levels of mtDNA damage are sufficient to cause mitochondrial dysfunction and whether decreasing mtDNA damage and improving mitochondrial respiration affects plaque burden or composition are unclear. We examined mitochondrial respiration in human atherosclerotic plaques and whether augmenting mitochondrial respiration affects atherogenesis. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Human atherosclerotic plaques showed marked mitochondrial dysfunction, manifested as reduced mtDNA copy number and oxygen consumption rate in fibrous cap and core regions...
September 28, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945793/exosomal-lncrna-gas5-regulates-the-apoptosis-of-macrophages-and-vascular-endothelial-cells-in-atherosclerosis
#20
Lei Chen, Wenjin Yang, Yijun Guo, Wei Chen, Ping Zheng, Jinsong Zeng, Wusong Tong
Atherosclerosis is universally recognized as a chronic lipid-induced inflammation of the vessel wall. Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) drives the onset of atherogenesis involving macrophages and endothelial cells (ECs). Our earlier work showed that expression of long noncoding RNA-growth arrest-specific 5 (lncRNA GAS5) was significantly increased in the plaque of atherosclerosis collected from patients and animal models. In this study, we found that knockdown of lncRNA GAS5 reduced the apoptosis of THP-1 cells treated with oxLDL...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
37161
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"