Read by QxMD icon Read


Paola Rogliani, Luigino Calzetta, Mario Cazzola, Maria Gabriella Matera
INTRODUCTION: Roflumilast is the only phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor approved for the treatment of COPD patients with chronic cough and sputum, and a history of exacerbations, but the compliance to treatment is reduced by poorly tolerated adverse events (AEs). AREAS COVERED: The synthesis of clinical evidences indicates that roflumilast 500μg once-daily increased the risk of AEs, with no impact on the risk of serious AEs (SAEs), compared with placebo. Gastrointestinal AEs were common in patients treated with roflumilast, that may also induce headache, backpain and insomnia...
August 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Siddharth Shah, Arvind B Goregaonkar
Osteoporotic vertebral fractures relate to poorer quality of life and higher long-term mortality. In a resource-poor setup, conservative management assumes great importance as primary means of treatment. We assess the clinico-pathological epidemiology of osteoporotic vertebral fractures and prospectively evaluate the effectiveness of conservative management in their treatment. MATERIALS & METHODS   : Thirty consecutive patients, diagnosed with osteoporotic vertebral fracture, underwent the predetermined protocol of conservative treatment (bed rest, titrated analgesia, antiosteoporosis pharmacotherapy, bracing, and supervised physical therapy) after assessment of basic demographic data and clinical examination...
2016: Curēus
Anoop Mattam, George Sunny
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study by non-probability consecutive sampling. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess body mass index (BMI) and investigate vitamin D levels in patients with low back pain (LBP) and study a possible relationship with myopathy-related symptoms and Modic changes. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: LBP is a multifactorial problem and the search for its patho-anatomical causes is ongoing. Modic changes seem to be a cause of back pain but the pathological mechanisms underlying this are not completely defined...
February 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Nopporn Kurustien, Keerin Mekhora, Wattana Jalayondeja, Suebsak Nanthavanij
OBJECTIVE: to determine the effects ofback belt use on trunk muscle performance and the association between those performance outcomes with Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs). MATERIAL AND METHOD: All manual lifting workers in one grocery distribution, warehouse center were interviewed about the history of illness, back injury, WMSDs, lifting manner and experience of back belt use. They were assessedfor trunk muscles performance including the flexion (F), the extension (E) and the right and left side bridge (RSB and LSB) endurance test and Exercise Level of Lumbar Stabilization test (ELLS)...
June 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Elisabeth Märker-Hermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Trine E W Hyttel, Sten Rasmussen
We present a case of a young woman experiencing high thoracic backpain and neurological symptoms of medullar compression due to spondylodiscitis from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. An important differential diagnosis of spondylodiscitis is metastatic lesions of the spine. Metastatic lesions most often appear in the thoracic region of the spine and high thoracic pain should be considered a "red flag". Both conditions often show up late on conventional imaging and we discuss the need for the primary sector to be able to refer directly to magnetic resonance imaging for quick and reliable diagnosis...
January 26, 2015: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Verena Scharer, Roland Hafner, Adrian Ciurea, Lars Henning, Akos Somoskovi, Rainer Weber, Jan Fehr
A 34-year-old man from Ethiopia had been suffering from inflammatory lower backpain for five months. The imaging showed multiple osteolytic lesions histologically corresponding to a granulomatous inflammation. Detection of multiresistant Mycobacteria Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) was delayed because of initially negative microbiological findings. During the therapy of MDR-TB, the patient developed different side effects. In this article we focus on the challenge to diagnose and treat MDR-TB also in a resource-rich setting as it is the case for Switzerland...
March 12, 2014: Praxis
David Vergouw, Martijn W Heymans, Daniëlle A W M van der Windt, Nadine E Foster, Kate M Dunn, Henriette E van der Horst, Henrica C W de Vet
OBJECTIVE: When designing prediction models by complete case analysis (CCA), missing information in either baseline (predictors) or outcomes may lead to biased results. Multiple imputation (MI) has been shown to be suitable for obtaining unbiased results. This study provides researchers with an empirical illustration of the use of MI in a data set on low back pain, by comparing MI with the more commonly used CCA. Effects will be shown of imputing missing information on the composition and performance of prognostic models, distinguishing imputation of missing values in baseline characteristics and outcome data...
July 2012: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
V Charlier, G Brichant, P Y Dewandre, J M Foidart, J F Brichant
Backache is a common problem in the general population. The prevalence of backpain is increased during pregnancy and after delivery. Early studies have suggested that labor epidural analgesia might be associated with an increased incidence of backache in the postpartum period. However, these initial studies were retrospective and their design included several methodological deficiencies. All the prospective studies published afterwards (prospective cohort studies and 3 randomized controlled trials) yield the same result: there is no relationship between labor epidural analgesia and long-term postpartum backpain...
January 2012: Revue Médicale de Liège
Peter Schöps, Jan Hildebrandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2011: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Norihiko Kawamura, Masayoshi Okumi, Toshiaki Hirai, Jiro Nakayama, Ryoichi Imamura, Masahiro Siba, Sanehiro Momohara, Hitoshi Takayama, Norio Nonomura, Akihiko Okuyama
A 75-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of fever and backpain. He was diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis, and was administered an antibiotic. However, since there was no improvement in the symptoms, he was admitted to our hospital. Computed tomography revealed a tumor which was in contact with a thoracic vertebra. Because he had had a total cystectomy for bladder cancer in the past, we suspected a spinal metastasis of urothelial carcinoma. However, after magnetic resonance imaging, we finally diagnosed it as pyogenic spondylodiscitis, and his condition improved after administration of antibiotics...
November 2010: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
O I Oyinloye, A Y Abdulkadir, O M Babalola
BACKGROUND: Lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV), is a structural anomaly, of the lumbosacral spine which has been variably associated with, low back pain (LBP) and its presence can also result in a level being wrongly identified pre-operatively. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, pattern of LSTV and its relationship with LBP in our tertiary hospital. METHODS: A retrospective review of lumbosacral spine radiographs of 561 one consecutive patients with history of LBP was done from January 2006 to January 2008...
April 2009: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
Piyapat Dajpratham, Teerada Ploypetch, Sirichai Kiattavorncharoen, Kiatanant Boonsiriseth
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and associated factors of musculoskeletal (MS) pain among the dental personnel. In addition, impacts and treatment of MS pain were reported. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Random sampling of 390 participants from the name lists of dental personnel working in each department. Self-administered questionnaires were equally distributed to three groups of dental personnel namely clinical instructors, postgraduate students, and dental assistants...
June 2010: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
J Matussek, D Boluki, S Füssel, J Grifka
Even in times of kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty, braces remain an efficient option in the treatment of osteoporotic hyperkyphosis due to imminent or manifest vertebral wedging with the obligatory pain and fracture risk of adjacent vertebraes. In the same fashion, acute osteoporotic fractures with considerable backpain can be treated with an adequate orthosis besides analgetics and osteological drugs. Essential is the careful selection of the right brace for a given type of osteoporotic fracture: Overall brace-frames (Stagnara type) should be used only in highly unstable or multiple osteoporotic fractures with impact onto the spinal canal where surgery is not possible...
April 2010: Der Orthopäde
A A A van der Linde, C A W Lewiszong-Rutjens, A Verrips, G P J M Gerrits
An 11-year-old girl was admitted with backpain, weight loss, fatigue and behavioural disturbances, starting seven weeks before admission. Physical examination showed acrodynia, tremor, cachexia, hypertension and extensive gingival ulceration. Routine laboratory tests were normal, except for a CRP of 98 mg/l. Screening tests for recreational drugs as well as antibody assays for HIV, hepatitis B and borrelia burgdorferia were negative. Chest X-ray, brain CAT and MRI scan were all normal. Lumbar puncture didn't show any abnormalities...
April 2009: European Journal of Pediatrics
S R A Akinbo, D O Odebiyi, A A Osasan
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that there is a relationship between back pain and long hours of driving among commercial motor drivers (CMDs). It has also been reported that a high number of CMDs suffer from low back pain (LBP) with loss of working hours. However, little is known about the prevalence of back pain among the motorcyclists particularly the commercial motorcyclists (CMCs). OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the prevalence of back pain among CMDs and CMCs in Lagos state...
April 2008: West African Journal of Medicine
A Seuser, B Niemann, P H Pennekamp, D Ch Wirtz, J Oldenburg, P Berdel
A literature research for back pain in hemophilia (1990-2007) revealed only five papers! They all had lumbar or sciatic pain due to hematoma. All symptoms responded to factor VIII replacement. A similar research for a normal population showed hundreds of papers with a lifetime prevalence of 80% for back pain. A survey of 49 patient with hemophilia showed similar results. 70% had experienced back pain before. The reported pain of 40 to 70 on a visual analog scale was significant. 40% reported that the back pain would be more limiting than the pain associated with hemophilia...
October 2008: Hämostaseologie
R Naidoo, Y Coopoo
Backpain has been recognized as a problem in hospitals, with up to 50% of healthcare staff reporting symptoms (Smedly, Egger, Cooper and Coggon, 1997 and Engels, van der Guilden, Senden and van't Hof 1996). The general purpose of this study was to determine the health and fitness profiles of nurses working in a public hospital. It was hypothesized that there is a correlation between the prevalence of lower back pain and being overweight or obese amongst nurses. One hundred and seven nurses from a local hospital in KwaZulu Natal participated in this study...
June 2007: Curationis
J Dobbeleir, I Fourneau, G Maleux, K Daenens, J Vandekerkhof, A Nevelsteen
We report a unique case of chronic contained thoraco-abdominal aneurysm rupture presenting as a Grynfeltt lumbar hernia. A 79-year-old man presented with backpain and a bluish swelling in the left lumbar region in the presence of a non tender aortic aneurysm. CT scan confirmed contained rupture of a type IV thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm. The peri-aortic haematoma protruded through the lumbar wall causing a Grynfeltt lumbar hernia. The aneurysm was replaced through a thoraco-phreno-lumbotomy. The patient survived and is doing well six months postoperatively...
June 2007: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Yoshiko Kuroda, Reiko Ide, Yuka Kitano, Ryoko Yamamoto, Toshiaki Higashi
Although the relationship between lifestyle and subjective symptoms has been reported in the general population, relatively few studies have looked at the link between these two in workplace. To investigate the relationship between lifestyle and subjective symptoms, a cross-sectional study was carried out using data from 4,540 workers aged 20-69 years old in a food products company. The subjective symptoms with a prevalence of more than 10% in either males or females were selected as dependent variables: fatigue, dropsical swelling of hands or feet, stiff neck or shoulders, backpain, deterioration of eye sight, dizziness, diarrhea and constipation...
June 1, 2007: Journal of UOEH
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"