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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776050/tibial-rotation-osteotomies-in-a-matched-cohort-of-myelodysplasia-and-cerebral-palsy-children
#1
Peter J Stasikelis, Aaron T Creek, Linda I Wack
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the frequency of complications in children with myelodysplasia (MD) undergoing tibial rotational osteotomies with a matched cohort of children with cerebral palsy (CP). It was postulated that because of the unique health issues facing children with MD more complications would be observed. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify children with MD who underwent primary tibial rotational osteotomy between 1997 and 2012 and had a minimum 2-year follow-up...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575461/polymicrobial-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-frequency-distinguishing-characteristics-and-outcome
#2
Riad Khatib, Mamta Sharma, Leonard B Johnson, Kathleen Riederer, Laurence Briski
Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) is usually monomicrobial (M-SAB). We reviewed SAB in adults (≥18years old) over a 13year-period and compared polymicrobial (P-SAB) and M-SAB. We encountered 93 P-SAB among 1537 SAB cases (6.1%). The source distribution was comparable; however, source-specified differences were apparent. P-SAB was noted in 12/58 (20.7%) necrotizing soft tissue infections/sacral decubiti and foot gangrene vs. 1/122 (0.8%) cellulitis/abscesses (P<0.001), in 7/64 (10.9%) femoral intravascular catheters (IVC) vs...
November 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066369/transvenous-extraction-of-pacemaker-and-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-leads-using-evolution%C3%A2-mechanical-dilator-sheath-a-single-center-confirmatory-experience
#3
Uğur Kocabaş, Hamza Duygu, Nihan Kahya Eren, Zehra İlke Akyıldız, Serhan Özyıldırım, Selcen Yakar Tülüce, Tuncay Kırış, Cem Nazlı
OBJECTIVE: In recent years there has been an increase in clinical situations requiring lead extraction procedures of implanted cardiac devices. In our clinic, extraction procedures are performed with Evolution® mechanical lead extraction system. In this manuscript we aimed to evaluate our lead extraction procedures. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated lead extraction procedures carried out on 41 patients [30 male, 11 female patient; mean age 61.5 ± 18.5 median 67 (23-85)] between 2008 and 2015 using Evolution® system...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866490/botulinum-toxin-to-treat-neurogenic-bladder
#4
Christopher P Smith, Michael B Chancellor
Alteration in neural control from suprapontine areas to the nerves innervating the bladder can lead to bladder dysfunction and the development of a neurogenic bladder (NGB). Patients with NGB often suffer from urinary incontinence, which can lead to adverse events such as urinary tract infections and decubiti, in addition to creating a large care burden for family members or healthcare providers and significantly impairing patient quality of life. The common failure of anticholinergic medications has spurned the development of second-line treatments, including the use of botulinum toxin...
February 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816460/geriatric-forensics-part-2-prevalence-of-elder-abuse-and-their-potential-forensic-markers-among-medical-and-dental-patients
#5
Khurshid A Mattoo, Rishabh Garg, Shalabh Kumar
CONTEXT: This study is a continuation of the earlier studies and has been extended to investigate the potential forensic markers of elder abuse. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of elder abuse in various outpatient departments (OPDs). To study the associated parameters related to the abuser and the abused. To determine the existence of potential forensic markers of elder abuse. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The subjects were randomly selected from the medical and the dental OPDs of the university...
September 2015: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779773/how-to-stratify-patients-at-risk-for-resistant-bugs-in-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#6
Cristina Vazquez Guillamet, Marin H Kollef
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article describes the strategies for stratifying patients with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) according to their risk for infection with multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. RECENT FINDINGS: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) now represents the main cause in a variety of serious SSTIs. Risk factors for MRSA are constantly evolving and the distinction between community-acquired MRSA and hospital-acquired MRSA is becoming less clear from a therapeutic standpoint because of overlapping susceptibility patterns...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26280851/clinical-results-of-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-shortening-osteotomy-for-high-dislocation-with-developmental-dysplasia
#7
Engin Eren Desteli, Yunus Imren, Erkan Tan, Murat Erdoğan, Hüseyin Özcan
Total hip arthroplasty for severe developmental dysplasia of the hip is a technically challenging procedure. Subtrochanteric femoral osteotomy enables reducing the femoral head and restoring abductor muscle strength without compromising proximal femoral bone stock in advanced dysplasia.We aimed to retrospectively evaluate Crowe type III or IV developmental dysplasia of the hip who underwent reconstruction with cementless total hip arthroplasty combined with a transverse subtrochanteric femoral osteotomy. Sixty hips of 52 patients (11 male, 49 female) with Crowe type III (n: 37) or IV (n: 23) developmental dysplasia of the hip were included...
March 2015: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26129836/patient-satisfaction-and-prosthetic-aspects-with-mini-implants-retained-mandibular-overdentures-a-5-year-prospective-study
#8
Moustafa Abdou Elsyad
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate patient satisfaction and prosthetic aspects during a 5-year prospective clinical study of mini dental implants (MDIs) retaining mandibular overdentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational prospective clinical study was conducted on a group of completely edentulous patients (n = 28) with retention problems of conventional mandibular dentures. All patients received new maxillary and mandibular conventional dentures. A total of 112 MDIs (four per patient) were inserted using the flapless surgical approach and immediately loaded by the new mandibular dentures (overdentures)...
July 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25323837/vacuum-assisted-stereotactic-biopsy-for-isolated-bi-rads-4-microcalcifications-evaluation-with-histopathology-and-midterm-follow-up-results
#9
Mehmet Mahir Atasoy, Nuri Tasali, Rahmi Çubuk, Burcu Narin, Uğur Deveci, Neşe Yener, Levent Çelik
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 10-gauge vacuum-assisted stereotactic biopsy (VASB) of isolated Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 microcalcifications, using histology and follow-up results. METHODS: From January 2011 to June 2013, VASB was performed on 132 lesions, and 66 microcalcification-only lesions of BI-RADS 4 were included into our study. VASB was performed using lateral decubitis stereotaxy for all patients. Pathologic results of VASB and further surgical biopsies were reviewed retrospectively...
January 2015: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24421532/oxandrolone-pressure-decubitis-ulcers-in-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Joyce A Generali, Dennis J Cada
This Hospital Pharmacy feature is extracted from Off-Label Drug Facts, a publication available from Wolters Kluwer Health. Off-Label Drug Facts is a practitioner-oriented resource for information about specific drug uses that are unapproved by the US Food and Drug Administration. This new guide to the literature enables the health care professional or clinician to quickly identify published studies on off-label uses and determine if a specific use is rational in a patient care scenario. References direct the reader to the full literature for more comprehensive information before patient care decisions are made...
September 2013: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24327422/effect-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-surgical-treatment-of-spinal-metastasis-2000-through-2010-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Michael L Kelly, Varun R Kshettry, Benjamin P Rosenbaum, Andreea Seicean, Robert J Weil
BACKGROUND: The effect of randomized controlled trials (RCT) on clinical practice patterns and patient outcomes is understudied. A 2005 RCT by Patchell et al demonstrated benefit for surgical decompression in patients with spinal metastasis (SpM). We examined trends in spinal surgery for patients with SpM before and after publication of the Patchell RCT. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was used to identify a 20% stratified sample of surgical SpM admissions to nonfederal United States hospitals from 2000 to 2004 and 2006 to 2010, excluding 2005 when the RCT was published...
March 15, 2014: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24263314/impact-of-obesity-on-mortality-and-complications-in-trauma-patients
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Laurent G Glance, Yue Li, Turner M Osler, Dana B Mukamel, Andrew W Dick
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between obesity and outcomes in injured patients. BACKGROUND: The United States is facing an obesity epidemic affecting 1 in 3 adult Americans. Very little is known about the role of obesity in acute illness. Optimal care of obese trauma patients can only be achieved once we gain a better understanding of the impact of severe obesity on trauma outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 147,680 patients admitted to 28 level I and level II Pennsylvania trauma centers between 2000 and 2009...
March 2014: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23770266/multidrug-resistant-bacteria-in-geriatric-clinics-nursing-homes-and-ambulant-care-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#13
Isabella Gruber, Ursel Heudorf, Guido Werner, Yvonne Pfeifer, Can Imirzalioglu, Hanns Ackermann, Christian Brandt, Silke Besier, Thomas A Wichelhaus
Colonization/infection with multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae, is an increasing problem not only in hospitals but also in long-term care facilities. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence as well as the risk factors of colonization/infection with MRSA, VRE, and ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae in geriatric clinics, nursing homes, and ambulant care in Frankfurt am Main, Germany...
December 2013: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22537699/patient-safety-in-the-rehabilitation-of-the-adult-with-a-spinal-cord-injury
#14
REVIEW
Matthew Shatzer
There are approximately 12,000 new cases of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) annually. In 2010, there were approximately 265,000 individuals living with SCI. Over time, the average age of people with SCI has steadily risen, and it is now 40.7 years. There are multiple medical complications that are commonly seen in individuals with SCI. These include, but are not exclusively limited to, pneumonia, decubiti ulcers, undiagnosed fractures, urinary tract infections, autonomic dysreflexia, deep venous thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism...
May 2012: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22400020/neurogenic-bladder
#15
Peter T Dorsher, Peter M McIntosh
Congenital anomalies such as meningomyelocele and diseases/damage of the central, peripheral, or autonomic nervous systems may produce neurogenic bladder dysfunction, which untreated can result in progressive renal damage, adverse physical effects including decubiti and urinary tract infections, and psychological and social sequelae related to urinary incontinence. A comprehensive bladder-retraining program that incorporates appropriate education, training, medication, and surgical interventions can mitigate the adverse consequences of neurogenic bladder dysfunction and improve both quantity and quality of life...
2012: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22289138/meningoencephaloradiculomyelitis-after-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-infection-a-case-series
#16
M Ponfick, S Hacker, H-J Gdynia, R Linden, M Gränz, D A Nowak
BACKGROUND:   Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is caused by a RNA-virus and is in about 50% of cases characterized by a biphasic clinical course in adults. Different clinical syndromes have been described, including meningitis, meningoencephalitis, meningoencephalomyelitis and meningoencephaloradiculomyelitis. The latter seems to be the most disabling and severe form of TBE virus infection. METHODS:   Here we report five cases with meningoencephaloradiculomyelitis...
May 2012: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22115216/hiatal-hernia-after-esophagectomy-analysis-of-2-182-esophagectomies-from-a-single-institution
#17
Theolyn N Price, Mark S Allen, Francis C Nichols, Stephen D Cassivi, Dennis A Wigle, K Robert Shen, Claude Deschamps
BACKGROUND: Esophageal resection is a complex operation often associated with morbidity. Hiatal hernia after esophagectomy is an unusual complication. We reviewed our experience with this complication. METHODS: From February 1988 through February 2009 we performed 2,182 esophagectomies. Fifteen (0.69%) patients experienced a hiatal hernia. We reviewed our prospective database for demographics, presentation, operative approaches, and outcomes. RESULTS: There were 14 men and 1 woman with a mean age of 59 years...
December 2011: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22108377/spinal-fusion-for-scoliosis-in-rett-syndrome-with-an-emphasis-on-early-postoperative-complications
#18
Peter G Gabos, Muharrem Inan, Mihir Thacker, Buttugs Borkhu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To examine the postoperative complications of posterior spinal fusion in a population of patients with Rett syndrome (RS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Scoliosis is a common feature of RS, a progressive neurologic disorder affecting almost exclusively females. Despite this, there is little published information regarding the surgical treatment of scoliosis in this disorder. METHODS: Sixteen consecutive female patients with RS treated by posterior spinal fusion and unit rod instrumentation for progressive scoliosis between 1995 and 2003 were evaluated...
January 15, 2012: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21552450/an-obscure-case-of-hepatic-subcapsular-hematoma
#19
Albert Ndzengue, Fadi Hammoudeh, Pierre Brutus, Ofem Ajah, Roland Purcell, Joseph Leadon, Richard B Rafal, Simon Balmir, Danilo A Enriquez, Gerald L Posner, Eric A Jaffe, Pradeep Chandra
Spontaneous liver bleeding is often reported in preeclampsia. It is otherwise rare and has been linked to gross anatomical lesions and coagulopathy. We report a case of subcapsular hematoma of the liver without any apparent lesion and in the absence of coagulopathy. A 41-year-old male, paraplegic for 16 years, presented to the emergency department 3 days after sudden onset of right upper quadrant and shoulder pain. He had been on vitamins and 5,000 units subcutaneous heparin 12-hourly at the nursing home for the last month...
2011: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21192190/focal-status-epilepticus-induced-by-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#20
Mustafa Seckin, Nevin Gurgor, Yesim Yetimalar Beckmann, Meltem Durakli Ulukok, Aysen Suzen, Mustafa Basoglu
INTRODUCTION: generalized tonic clonic (GTC) seizure activity because of central nerve system oxygen toxicity is a rare but recognized effect of HBOT (hyperbaric oxygen therapy). Almost all case reports and database analyses about the relationship between seizure activity and HBOT point out that GTC seizures and status epilepticus are more likely to occur as a result of the treatment and there are only few reports demonstrating partial seizures. CASE REPORT: an 87-year-old male patient was admitted to our clinic because of tonic-clonic contractions on his left arm...
January 2011: Neurologist
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