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Myopic and eye study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209502/detailed-phenotyping-and-characterization-of-choroidal-morphological-and-vascular-features-in-young-men-with-high-myopia-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#1
Preeti Gupta, Sri Gowtham Thakku, Seang-Mei Saw, Mellisa Tan, Edmund Lim, Marcus Tan, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Tien-Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
PURPOSE: To describe detailed morphological and vascular features of the choroid in eyes with high myopia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 515 eyes of young men (mean age 21.59±1.15) years) with high myopia (defined as -6.0 D or worse, mean spherical equivalent -8.66±2.00 D) and 88 controls with emmetropia in both eyes underwent choroidal imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography with enhanced depth imaging (EDI-OCT)...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197998/laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratectomy-lasek-versus-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-for-correcting-myopia
#2
REVIEW
Jocelyn Kuryan, Anjum Cheema, Roy S Chuck
BACKGROUND: Near-sightedness, or myopia, is a condition in which light rays entering the eye along the visual axis focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Myopia can be treated with spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Options for refractive surgery include laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Both procedures utilize a laser to shape the corneal tissue (front of the eye) to correct refractive error, and both create flaps before laser treatment of corneal stromal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187180/comparative-evaluation-of-visual-outcomes-and-corneal-asphericity-after-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-with-the-six-dimension-amaris-excimer-laser-system
#3
JunJie Piao, Ying-Jun Li, Woong-Joo Whang, Mihyun Choi, Min Ji Kang, Jee Hye Lee, Geunyoung Yoon, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: To compare the visual and refractive outcomes after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery for correction of myopia or myopic astigmatism using a six-dimensional Amaris excimer laser. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled 47 eyes of 28 patients (age: 19-36 years) with myopia or myopic astigmatism. We used the Custom Ablation Manager protocol and performed ablations with the SCHWIND AMARIS system. LASIK flaps were cut with an iFS Advanced Femtosecond Laser...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182148/retina-and-optic-disc-characteristics-in-amblyopic-and-non-amblyopic-eyes-of-patients-with-myopic-or-hyperopic-anisometropia
#4
Arzu Taşkıran Çömez, Elif Şanal Ulu, Yeliz Ekim
OBJECTIVES: To compare retinal and optic disc characteristics between amblyopic and non-amblyopic eyes in patients with myopic and hyperopic anisometropia measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with myopic (25 patients: 17 female, 8 male; median age 27 years, range 16-40 years) and hyperopic (31 patients: 19 female, 12 male; median age 20 years, range 13-41 years) anisometropic amblyopia were included. Eye examination included determination of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) with a Snellen chart, measurement of manifest and cycloplegic refraction after pupillary dilation, alternate cover testing, globe movement evaluation, A-scan biometry for axial length, biomicroscopy, fundus examination, and OCT scanning...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178303/differentiation-of-glaucomatous-optic-discs-with-different-appearances-using-optic-disc-topography-parameters-the-glaucoma-stereo-analysis-study
#5
Masaki Tanito, Koji Nitta, Maki Katai, Yasushi Kitaoka, Yu Yokoyama, Kazuko Omodaka, Toru Nakazawa
The Glaucoma Stereo Analysis Study (GSAS) is a multicenter collaborative study of the characteristics of glaucomatous optic disc morphology using a stereo fundus camera. Using GSAS dataset, the formulas for predicting different glaucomatous optic disc appearances were established. The GSAS dataset containing three-dimensionally-analyzed optic disc topographic parameters from 187 eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma was assessed with discrimination analyses to obtain formulas predictive of glaucomatous optic disc appearances: focal ischemic (FI); generalized enlargement (GE), myopic glaucomatous (MY), and senile sclerotic (SS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168049/photorefractive-keratectomy-for-residual-myopia-after-myopic-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#6
Kamal A M Solaiman, Sameh M Fouda, Ashraf Bor'i, Haitham Y Al-Nashar
Purpose. To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and predictability of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on the corneal flap for correction of residual myopia following myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Patients and Methods. A retrospective study on eyes retreated by PRK on the corneal flap for residual myopia after LASIK. All eyes had no enough stroma after LASIK sufficient for LASIK enhancement. Data included spherical equivalent (SE), uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity (UCVA and BCVA), central pachymetry, corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs), corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), and corneal haze...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163862/comparison-of-central-corneal-thickness-measurements-by-pentacam-and-ultrasound-pachymetry-in-normal-myopic-patients
#7
Sherif Emerah, Ehab ELZakzouk, Mohamed Farag
INTRODUCTION: Precise measurement of corneal thickness is of crucial importance in corneal refractive procedures. The aim of this work is to compare the central corneal thickness measurements using Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam) and contact US pachymetry in normal myopic patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on in 144 eyes of 72 normal myopic patients during 6 months. The study location was the Research Institute of Ophthalmology (Giza, Egypt), and Magrabi Eye Hospital (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163860/refinement-of-intraocular-pressure-measurements-made-by-ocular-response-analyzer-following-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-using-m2-90-moria-microkeratome-for-egyptian-myopic-and-astigmatic-patients
#8
Tamer Adel Refai, Olfat A Hassanin
INTRODUCTION: The Goldmann applanation tonometer readings were noted to be markedly reduced after Lasik surgery using a thin flap technique which is widely used nowadays, to correct a wide range of myopia and astigmatism. The Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) is considered one of the important tools for refinement of Intraocular Pressure (IOP) measurements. The aim of this study is to evaluate and refine ORA measurements for IOP changes post- M2 90 Moria microkeratome Lasik procedure for Egyptian myopic and astigmatic patients trying to aid in glaucoma diagnosis and management...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163071/gaba-and-gaba-receptors-alterations-in-the-primary-visual-cortex-of-concave-lens-induced-myopic-model
#9
Wen Zhao, Ai-Ling Bi, Chao-Li Xu, Xiang Ye, Mei-Qing Chen, Xin-Ting Wang, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Jun-Guo Guo, Wen-Jun Jiang, Jin Zhang, Hong-Sheng Bi
Until recently most researches on myopia mechanisms have mainly been focused on the eye ball and few investigations were explored on the upper visual pathway, such as the visual cortex. The roles of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the retinal and in the upper visual pathway are inter-correlated. As the retinal glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), GABA, and the mRNA levels of GABA receptors increased during the concave lens induced myopia formation, however, whether GABA alterations also occurred in the visual cortex during the concave lens induction is still unknown...
February 2, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162198/-a-preliminary-study-on-macular-retinal-and-choroidal-thickness-and-blood-flow-change-after-posterior-scleral-reinforcement-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#10
X F Zhang, L Y Qiao, X X Li, N Ma, M Li, Z Guan, H Z Wang, N L Wang
Objective: To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness and blood flow change using optical coherence tomography angiography after posterior scleral reinforcement (PSR) surgery. Methods: Prospective study. Twenty eyes of 10 patients with high myopia were enrolled in this open-label, single-treatment group and prospective study. Radial lines and Angio retina (3 mm×3 mm) module were performed for 20 eyes using Angio-vue optical coherence tomography (Avanti, Optovue) without pupil dilation, and best corrected visual acuity, spherical equivalent and axial length were compared before and 60 days after surgery...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162196/-comparison-of-the-effects-of-different-side-cut-angles-on-corneal-biomechanical-properties-after-femtosecond-laser-assisted-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#11
H Li, Y Wang, R Dou, L Wang, L L Xu, X J Li, J M Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the effects of side-cut angles on corneal biomechanical properties after femtosecond laser assisted-laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). Methods: In this clinical control study, 97 right eyes of 97 patients with myopia and myopic astigmatism undergoing FS-LASIK surgery were included randomly. Two types of side-cut angles were designed for the flap, 90° in 48 eyes and 130° in 49 eyes. The values of corneal resistance factor (CRF), cornea hysteresis (CH) and 37 biomechanical waveform parameters were measured using the ocular response analyzer preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months postoperatively...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159853/vascular-flow-density-in-pathological-myopia-an-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-study
#12
Jing Mo, Anli Duan, Szyyann Chan, Xuefei Wang, Wenbin Wei
OBJECTIVES: To investigate vascular flow density in pathological myopia with optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. DESIGN: A prospective comparative study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016. SETTING: Participants were recruited in Beijing Tongren Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 131 eyes were enrolled, which were divided into three groups: 45 eyes with emmetropia (EM; mean spherical equivalent (MSE) 0...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149791/population-based-survey-of-prevalence-causes-and-risk-factors-for-blindness-and-visual-impairment-in-an-aging-chinese-metropolitan-population
#13
Jian-Yan Hu, Liang Yan, Yong-Dong Chen, Xin-Hua Du, Ting-Ting Li, De-An Liu, Dong-Hong Xu, Yi-Min Huang, Qiang Wu
AIM: To assess the prevalence, causes, and risk factors for blindness and visual impairment among elderly (≥60 years of age) Chinese people in a metropolitan area of Shanghai, China. METHODS: Random cluster sampling was conducted to identify participants among residents ≥60 years of age living in the Xietu Block, Xuhui District, Shanghai, China. Presenting visual acuity (PVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were checked by the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual chart...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149787/small-incision-lenticule-extraction-versus-femtosecond-lenticule-extraction-for-myopic-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jia-Song Wang, Hua-Tao Xie, Ye Jia, Ming-Chang Zhang
AIM: To examine differences in efficacy, accuracy, safety, aberrations and corneal biomechanical between Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) for myopia. METHODS: Comprehensive studies were conducted on the PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register before 31 July, 2015. Meta-analyses were performed on the primary outcomes [loss of ≥2 lines of corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) ≥20/20, spherical equivalent (SE) within ±0...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145971/subthreshold-laser-treatment-for-serous-retinal-detachment-in-dome-shaped-macula-associated-with-pathologic-myopia
#15
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Pierluigi Iacono, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the subthreshold laser treatment as a therapeutic option in the treatment of serous retinal detachment secondary to dome-shaped macula. METHODS: Prospective pilot study with 12-month follow-up. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Eyes with persistent serous retinal detachment lasting for a minimum of 12 months and absence of best-corrected visual acuity improvement underwent subthreshold laser treatment in a single session...
January 31, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114308/association-of-myopic-deformation-of-optic-disc-with-visual-field-progression-in-paired-eyes-with-open-angle-glaucoma
#16
Yu Sawada, Masanori Hangai, Makoto Ishikawa, Takeshi Yoshitomi
PURPOSE: The influence of myopia on glaucoma progression remains unknown, possibly because of the multifactorial nature of glaucoma and difficulty in assessing a solo contribution of myopia. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of myopia with visual field (VF) progression in glaucoma using a paired-eye design to minimize the influence of confounding systemic factors that are diverse among individuals. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 144 eyes of 72 subjects with open-angle glaucoma, with similar intra-ocular pressure between paired eyes, spherical equivalent (SE) ≤ -2 diopter (D), and axial length ≥ 24 mm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103602/intraocular-cytokines-and-their-correlations-with-clinical-parameters-in-patients-with-myopic-choroidal-neovascularization
#17
Andrey G Shchuko, Natalia V Zaitseva, Tatyana N Yurieva, Elena R Chernykh, Isay M Mikhalevich, Ekaterina Y Shevela, Alina V Grigorieva
PURPOSE: To study cytokine levels in aqueous humor of patients with myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV), their correlations with each other and ocular parameters. METHODS: Ophthalmological examination and immunological study of aqueous humor with cytokine levels measurement (Bio-Plex™ Human Cytokine 27-Plex panel; Bio-Rad Laboratories, USA) were performed in 19 patients (19 eyes) with ranibizumab-treated mCNV and compared to 15 patients (15 eyes) with myopia without CNV...
January 20, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100480/detection-of-posterior-vortex-veins-in-eyes-with-pathologic-myopia-by-ultra-widefield-indocyanine-green-angiography
#18
Muka Moriyama, Kejia Cao, Satoko Ogata, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui
AIMS: To analyse the characteristics of posterior vortex veins detected in highly myopic eyes by wide-field indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-eight consecutive patients (302 eyes) with high myopia (myopic refractive error >8.0 dioptres (D) or axial length ≥26.5 mm) were studied. Wide-field ICGA was performed with the Spectralis HRA module. RESULTS: Posterior vortex veins were found in 80 eyes (26%)...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096654/comparison-of-visian-toric-collamer-lens-and-toric-acrylic-intraocular-lens-implantation-for-the-treatment-of-myopia-with-astigmatism
#19
Hatem Ammar, Mohamed Anbar, Marwa M Abdellah
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and outcome of phakic toric implantable collamer lens (TICL) and refractive clear lens extraction with AcrySof Toric intraocular lens (TIOL) implantation for the treatment of myopic astigmatism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study assessed eyes with myopic astigmatism >-1 D and ≤-4 D with a spherical equivalent >10 D or <10 D if the patients were unsuitable for corneal refractive surgery. These eyes were divided into group A, in which Visian Toric ICL™ Phakic TICL was implanted, and group B, which involved clear lens extraction with implantation of an AcrySof IQ toric SN60T3-9™ IOL...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089744/predictors-of-surgical-success-in-patients-with-intermittent-exotropia
#20
Di Zou, Clémentine Casafina, Alex Whiteman, Saurabh Jain
BACKGROUND: In patients with moderate- to large-angle exotropic deviations, surgical correction remains the definitive treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative factors that correlate with surgical success and to produce a binomial model that predicts success based on preoperative factors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with intermittent exotropia who underwent uniocular recession-resection surgery. Success was defined as ocular deviation ≤10(Δ) exotropia and ≤5(Δ) esotropia at distance at last follow-up (at least 3 months' postoperatively)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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