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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813630/gender-similarities-and-differences-for-e-health-behaviors-among-u-s-adults
#1
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812815/stakeholders-perspectives-on-the-success-drivers-in-ghana-s-national-health-insurance-scheme-identifying-policy-translation-issues
#2
Adam Fusheini, Gordon Marnoch, Ann Marie Gray
BACKGROUND: Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), established by an Act of Parliament (Act 650), in 2003 and since replaced by Act 852 of 2012 remains, in African terms, unprecedented in terms of growth and coverage. As a result, the scheme has received praise for its associated legal reforms, clinical audit mechanisms and for serving as a hub for knowledge sharing and learning within the context of South-South cooperation. The scheme continues to shape national health insurance thinking in Africa...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#3
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803081/building-an-outpatient-kidney-palliative-care-clinical-program
#4
Jennifer S Scherer, Rebecca Wright, Caroline S Blaum, Stephen P Wall
CONTEXT: A diagnosis of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), or end stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a significant life change for patients and families. Individuals often experience high symptom burden, decreased quality of life, increased health care utilization, and end-of-life care discordant with their preferences. Early integration of palliative care with standard nephrology practice in the outpatient setting has the potential to improve quality of life through provision of expert symptom management, emotional support, and facilitation of advance care planning that honors the individual's values and goals...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802756/feasibility-of-using-global-system-for-mobile-communication-gsm-based-tracking-for-vaccinators-to-improve-oral-poliomyelitis-vaccine-campaign-coverage-in-rural-pakistan
#5
Subhash Chandir, Vijay Kumar Dharma, Danya Arif Siddiqi, Aamir Javed Khan
Despite multiple rounds of immunization campaigns, it has not been possible to achieve optimum immunization coverage for poliovirus in Pakistan. Supplementary activities to improve coverage of immunization, such as door-to-door campaigns are constrained by several factors including inaccurate hand-drawn maps and a lack of means to objectively monitor field teams in real time, resulting in suboptimal vaccine coverage during campaigns. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) - based tracking of mobile subscriber identity modules (SIMs) of vaccinators provides a low-cost solution to identify missed areas and ensure effective immunization coverage...
August 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#6
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799463/rebuilding-research-capacity-in-fragile-states-the-case-of-a-somali-swedish-global-health-initiative
#7
Abdirisak Ahmed Dalmar, Abdullahi Sheik Hussein, Said Ahmed Walhad, Abdirashid Omer Ibrahim, Abshir Ali Abdi, Mohamed Khalid Ali, Derie Ismail Ereg, Khadra Ali Egal, Abdulkadir Mohamed Shirwa, Mohamed Hussain Aden, Marian Warsame Yusuf, Yakoub Aden Abdi, Lennart Freij, Annika Johansson, Khalif Bile Mohamud, Yusuf Abdulkadir, Maria Emmelin, Jaran Eriksen, Kerstin Erlandsson, Lars L Gustafsson, Anneli Ivarsson, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, John Kinsman, Carina Källestål, Mats Målqvist, Fatumo Osman, Lars-Åke Persson, Klas-Göran Sahlén, Stig Wall
This paper presents an initiative to revive the previous Somali-Swedish Research Cooperation, which started in 1981 and was cut short by the civil war in Somalia. A programme focusing on research capacity building in the health sector is currently underway through the work of an alliance of three partner groups: six new Somali universities, five Swedish universities, and Somali diaspora professionals. Somali ownership is key to the sustainability of the programme, as is close collaboration with Somali health ministries...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797252/evaluation-of-community-based-continuous-distribution-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-nets-in-toamasina-ii-district-madagascar
#8
Celine Zegers de Beyl, Albert Kilian, Andrea Brown, Mohamad Sy-Ar, Richmond Ato Selby, Felicien Randriamanantenasoa, Jocelyn Ranaivosoa, Sixte Zigirumugabe, Lilia Gerberg, Megan Fotheringham, Matthew Lynch, Hannah Koenker
BACKGROUND: Continuous distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) is thought to be an effective mechanism to maintain ITN ownership and access between or in the absence of mass campaigns, but evidence is limited. A community-based ITN distribution pilot was implemented and evaluated in Toamasina II District, Madagascar, to assess this new channel for continuous ITN distribution. METHODS: Beginning 9 months after the December 2012 mass campaign, a community-based distribution pilot ran for an additional 9 months, from September 2013 to June 2014...
August 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796654/ownership
#9
Carl J Hauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792502/harmonization-of-community-health-worker-programs-for-hiv-a-four-country-qualitative-study-in-southern-africa
#10
Jan-Walter De Neve, Henri Garrison-Desany, Kathryn G Andrews, Nour Sharara, Chantelle Boudreaux, Roopan Gill, Pascal Geldsetzer, Maria Vaikath, Till Bärnighausen, Thomas J Bossert
BACKGROUND: Community health worker (CHW) programs are believed to be poorly coordinated, poorly integrated into national health systems, and lacking long-term support. Duplication of services, fragmentation, and resource limitations may have impeded the potential impact of CHWs for achieving HIV goals. This study assesses mediators of a more harmonized approach to implementing large-scale CHW programs for HIV in the context of complex health systems and multiple donors. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We undertook four country case studies in Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland between August 2015 and May 2016...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790906/neurophysiological-correlates-of-the-rubber-hand-illusion-in-late-evoked-and-alpha-beta-band-activity
#11
Isa S Rao, Christoph Kayser
The rubber hand illusion (RHI) allows insights into how the brain resolves conflicting multisensory information regarding body position and ownership. Previous neuroimaging studies have reported a variety of neurophysiological correlates of illusory hand ownership, with conflicting results likely originating from differences in experimental parameters and control conditions. Here, we overcome these limitations by using a fully automated and precisely-timed visuo-tactile stimulation setup to record evoked responses and oscillatory responses in participants who felt the RHI...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789660/development-and-validation-of-the-medical-student-scholar-ideal-mentor-scale-mss-ims
#12
Stephen M Sozio, Kitty S Chan, Mary Catherine Beach
BACKGROUND: Programs encouraging medical student research such as Scholarly Concentrations (SC) are increasing nationally. However, there are few validated measures of mentoring quality tailored to medical students. We sought to modify and validate a mentoring scale for use in medical student research experiences. METHODS: SC faculty created a scale evaluating how medical students assess mentors in the research setting. A validated graduate student scale of mentorship, the Ideal Mentor Scale, was modified by selecting 10 of the 34 original items most relevant for medical students and adding an item on project ownership...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783902/changes-in-grassland-management-and-plant-diversity-in-a-marginal-region-of-the-carpathian-mts-in-1999-2015
#13
Ľuboš Halada, Stanislav David, Juraj Hreško, Alexandra Klimantová, Andrej Bača, Tomáš Rusňák, Miroslav Buraľ, Ľuboš Vadel
The political change from socialism to democracy in countries of Central and Eastern Europe at the end of the 20th century induced broad changes in agriculture mostly due to land ownership changes and strong reduction of subsidies to agriculture. This resulted in agricultural decline, including grassland abandonment, which influenced grassland biodiversity and conservation. Between 1999 and 2015 we studied the grasslands in the area depopulated in the early 1980's in the Poloniny National Park (NE Slovakia, Carpathian Mts...
July 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783072/stated-preferences-for-dog-characteristics-and-sources-of-acquisition
#14
Courtney Bir, Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Candace C Croney
People's preferences for where they acquire dogs and the characteristics they focus on may provide insight into their perceptions of socially responsible pet ownership, as acquiring a dog is the first step in dog ownership. An online survey of 1523 U.S. residents was used to aid understanding of public perceptions of dog acquisition. Likert-scale questions allowed respondents to assign a level of agreement, within the given scale, to ten statements related to dog acquisition. A significantly higher percentage of women (39...
August 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781890/self-reported-pregnancy-exposures-and-placental-dna-methylation-in-the-marbles-prospective-autism-sibling-study
#15
Rebecca J Schmidt, Diane I Schroeder, Florence K Crary-Dooley, Jacqueline M Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Cheryl K Walker, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M LaSalle
Human placenta is a fetal-derived tissue that offers a unique sample of epigenetic and environmental exposures present in utero. In the MARBLES prospective pregnancy study of high-risk younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), pregnancy and environmental factors collected by maternal interviews were examined as predictors of placental DNA methylation, including partially methylated domains (PMDs), an embryonic feature of the placental methylome. DNA methylation data from MethylC-seq analysis of 47 placentas of children clinically diagnosed at 3 years with ASD or typical development using standardized assessments were examined in relation to: child's gestational age, birth-weight, and diagnosis; maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, smoking, education, parity, height, prenatal vitamin and folate intake; home ownership; pesticides professionally applied to lawns or gardens or inside homes, pet flea/tick pouches, collars, or soaps/shampoos used in the 3 months prior to or during pregnancy...
December 2016: Environmental Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780978/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-factors-potentially-associated-in-a-population-based-study-in-medellin-colombia
#16
David A Cadavid-Betancur, Marta C Ospina, Doracelly Hincapié-Palacio, Luz M Bernal-Restrepo, Seti Buitrago-Giraldo, Olga Perez-Toro, Eduardo Santacruz-Sanmartín, Viviana Lenis-Ballesteros, Rita Almanza-Payares, Francisco J Díaz
The seroprevalence of hepatitis B (HB) and of potentially associated factors in Medellin, Colombia, were investigated 17years after the start of universal vaccination. Biological and sociodemographic data from a population survey with a multistage random sampling were analyzed in 6-64year old individuals. HB surface antigen, total HB core antibodies and HB surface antibodies, and in some cases IgM antibodies to HB core antigen, were tested in 2077 samples. Factors potentially associated with and natural, and vaccine immunity relative to susceptibility (absence of any marker) were analyzed using a multinomial logistic regression...
August 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780698/multisensory-integration-and-age-dependent-sensitivity-to-body-representation-modification-induced-by-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#17
János Kállai, Péter Kincses, Beatrix Lábadi, Krisztina Dorn, Tibor Szolcsányi, Gergely Darnai, Ernő Hupuczi, József Janszky, Árpád Csathó
The aim of the present study was to compare junior and senior healthy participants for their multimodal integration capability. The instrument used for the investigation was the rubber hand illusion (RHI) where synchronous and asynchronous multimodal stimulation were applied. The study focused on assessing the rate of integration for visuo-tactile and visuo-proprioceptive stimuli. METHODS: From a large sample of right-handed volunteers, 50 senior employees (containing younger and middle age adults) and 51 senior retired (senior adults) participants were recruited...
August 5, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780134/initial-validation-of-a-virtual-blood-draw-exposure-paradigm-for-fear-of-blood-and-needles
#18
Z Trost, A Jones, A Guck, T Vervoort, J M Kowalsky, C R France
Fear of blood, injections, and needles commonly prevents or delays individuals' receipt of health care, such as vaccines or blood draws. Innovative methods are needed to overcome these fears and reduce anxiety related to activities of this nature. The present study describes initial testing of an arm illusion paradigm that may prove useful during early phases of graded exposure for people with blood and needle fear. Seventy-four undergraduate students aged 18-29 years were tested. In line with study aims, results indicated that the virtual blood draw paradigm promoted strong perceptions of arm ownership and elicited significant changes in physiological indices (blood pressure, heart rate, electrodermal activity, respiratory rate) in response to key procedure elements (e...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774580/advancing-imaging-technologies-for-patients-with-spinal-pain-with-a-focus-on-whiplash-injury
#19
James M Elliott, Mark J Hancock, Rebecca J Crawford, Andrew C Smith, David M Walton
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Radiological observations of soft-tissue changes that may relate to clinical symptoms in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal disorders are highly controversial. Studies are often of poor quality and findings inconsistent. A plethora of evidence suggests some pathoanatomical findings from traditional imaging applications are common in asymptomatic participants across the life span, which further questions the diagnostic, prognostic, and theranostic value of traditional imaging...
July 31, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771648/survey-of-hospital-employees-personal-preparedness-and-willingness-to-work-following-a-disaster
#20
Jane H Brice, David Gregg, Dalton Sawyer, Julianne M Cyr
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the personal readiness of hospital staff for disasters. As many as 30% of hospital staff say that they plan not to report for work during a large-scale disaster. We sought to understand the personal disaster preparedness for hospital staff. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to the staff of a large academic tertiary-care hospital by either a paper-based version distributed through the departmental safety coordinators or a Web-based version distributed through employee e-mail services, depending on employee familiarity with and access to computer services...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
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