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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161600/monitoring-wastewater-for-assessing-community-health-sewage-chemical-information-mining-scim
#1
Christian G Daughton
Timely assessment of the aggregate health of small-area human populations is essential for guiding the optimal investment of resources needed for preventing, avoiding, controlling, or mitigating human exposure risks, as well as for maintaining or promoting health. Seeking those interventions yielding the greatest benefit with respect to the allocation of resources is critical for making progress toward community sustainability, reducing health disparities, promoting social justice, and maintaining or improving collective health and well-being...
November 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161225/from-sexual-desire-discrepancies-to-desirable-sex-creating-the-optimal-connection
#2
Peggy J Kleinplatz, Maxime Charest, Shannon Lawless, Marlene Neufeld, Robert Neufeld, Danielle Pratt, A Dana Ménard, Bogdan Buduru, Lianne Rosen
Beginning in 2005, our team conducted a series of studies on optimal sexual experiences. We have applied our findings to develop a group therapy intervention for couples presenting with low sexual desire/frequency and sexual desire discrepancy. The goal was to improve the quality of erotic intimacy by focusing on such elements as being fully embodied during sex, increasing authenticity, trustworthiness and vulnerability. Twenty-eight heterosexual individuals (14 couples) were seen in 16 hours of couples group therapy...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157515/legal-capacity-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-ethiopia-the-need-to-reform-existing-legal-frameworks
#3
Mohammed Hamza Marishet
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) prohibited deprivation legal capacity of persons with disability based on assessment of mental capacity. The assertion is that, persons with disabilities shall exercise their legal capacity in all aspects of life without any restrictions that are based on mental incapacity (such as, unsoundness of mind, deficit in mental capacity, dotage, etc. This approach signifies a shift from substituted decision making, where another person act on behalf of persons with mental disabilities, to supported decision making where the person with mental disability is assisted in decision making...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157218/brain-medical-image-diagnosis-based-on-corners-with-importance-values
#4
Linlin Gao, Haiwei Pan, Qing Li, Xiaoqin Xie, Zhiqiang Zhang, Jinming Han, Xiao Zhai
BACKGROUND: Brain disorders are one of the top causes of human death. Generally, neurologists analyze brain medical images for diagnosis. In the image analysis field, corners are one of the most important features, which makes corner detection and matching studies essential. However, existing corner detection studies do not consider the domain information of brain. This leads to many useless corners and the loss of significant information. Regarding corner matching, the uncertainty and structure of brain are not employed in existing methods...
November 21, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154621/sensory-constraints-on-perceptual-simulation-during-sentence-reading
#5
Xuefei Gao, Ting Jiang
Resource-constrained models of language processing predict that perceptual simulation during language understanding would be compromised by sensory limitations (such as reading text in unfamiliar/difficult font), whereas strong versions of embodied theories of language would predict that simulating perceptual symbols in language would not be impaired even under sensory-constrained situations. In 2 experiments, sensory decoding difficulty was manipulated by using easy and hard fonts to study perceptual simulation during sentence reading (Zwaan, Stanfield, & Yaxley, 2002)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154468/fight-flight-or-remain-silent-juggling-multiple-accountabilities-throughout-the-formative-stage-of-a-neighborhood-revitalization-initiative
#6
Stacey M Kesten, Deborah A Perez, Denise S Marques, Scot D Evans, Adrienne Sulma
This paper describes the experiences of a research team as they navigated uncertain ethical and political terrain throughout the formative stage of a public housing redevelopment project. Specifically, we discuss the challenges related to balancing multiple accountabilities and the tensions among the various roles and responsibilities that emanated from different accountabilities. Due to contractual obligations to our funding source, established relations with community partners, and an ethical imperative to align with those holding the least power, we grappled with embodying multiple and often conflicting roles...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151990/robot-embodied-neuronal-networks-as-an-interactive-model-of-learning
#7
Abraham M Shultz, Sangmook Lee, Mary Guaraldi, Thomas B Shea, Holly C Yanco
Background and Objective: The reductionist approach of neuronal cell culture has been useful for analyses of synaptic signaling. Murine cortical neurons in culture spontaneously form an ex vivo network capable of transmitting complex signals, and have been useful for analyses of several fundamental aspects of neuronal development hitherto difficult to clarify in situ. However, these networks lack the ability to receive and respond to sensory input from the environment as do neurons in vivo...
2017: Open Neurology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151108/a-phenomenological-account-of-sensorimotor-difficulties-in-autism-intentionality-movement-and-proprioception
#8
Till D A Grohmann
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The "enactive approach" as well as a new "movement perspective" to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere "cognitive" disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can extract knowledge and organize it rationally...
November 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150757/invisible-side-of-emotions-somato-motor-responses-to-affective-facial-displays-in-alexithymia
#9
Cristina Scarpazza, Elisabetta Làdavas, Luigi Cattaneo
According to recent theories, the detection of emotions involves somatic experiences. In this study, we investigated the relation between somatic responses to affective stimuli, emotion perception, and alexithymia. Variations in automatic rapid facial reactions (RFRs) were measured in a selected population of participants with high and low levels of alexithymia (HA and LA, respectively). Electromyographic activity was recorded from the corrugator supercilii and the zygomaticus major, while participants performed a gender classification task on faces expressing various emotional states...
November 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149932/sepsis-definitions-a-work-in-progress
#10
REVIEW
John C Marshall
The word, sepsis, dates back more than 2 millennia but has, over the past 2 centuries, come to be applied first to the clinical state evoked by invasive infection and, more recently, to describe the syndrome resulting from the host response to infection. Further refinements embodied in the recently published Sepsis-3 definition underline the concept of a dysregulated immune response resulting in potentially modifiable life-threatening organ dysfunction. This review summarizes the evolution and limitations of efforts to characterize a common and complex disorder...
January 2018: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149855/increasing-upper-limb-training-intensity-in-chronic-stroke-using-embodied-virtual-reality-a-pilot-study
#11
Daniel Perez-Marcos, Odile Chevalley, Thomas Schmidlin, Gangadhar Garipelli, Andrea Serino, Philippe Vuadens, Tej Tadi, Olaf Blanke, José D R Millán
BACKGROUND: Technology-mediated neurorehabilitation is suggested to enhance training intensity and therefore functional gains. Here, we used a novel virtual reality (VR) system for task-specific upper extremity training after stroke. The system offers interactive exercises integrating motor priming techniques and embodied visuomotor feedback. In this pilot study, we examined (i) rehabilitation dose and training intensity, (ii) functional improvements, and (iii) safety and tolerance when exposed to intensive VR rehabilitation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147006/the-influence-of-skin-colour-on-the-experience-of-ownership-in-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#12
Marilia Lira, Julia H Egito, Patricia A Dall'Agnol, David M Amodio, Óscar F Gonçalves, Paulo S Boggio
Racial prejudice is associated with a fundamental distinction between "us" and "them"-a distinction linked to the perceived overlap between representations of the self and others. Implicit prejudice has been shown to reduce the intensity of White individuals' hand ownership sensation as induced by the Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) with dark rubber hands. However, evidence for this link to implicit prejudice comes from self-report questionnaire data regarding the RHI. As an alternative, we assessed the onset time of the RHI...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146567/self-guided-web-based-interventions-scoping-review-on-user-needs-and-the-potential-of-embodied-conversational-agents-to-address-them
#13
REVIEW
Mark R Scholten, Saskia M Kelders, Julia Ewc Van Gemert-Pijnen
BACKGROUND: Web-based mental health interventions have evolved from innovative prototypes to evidence-based and clinically applied solutions for mental diseases such as depression and anxiety. Open-access, self-guided types of these solutions hold the promise of reaching and treating a large population at a reasonable cost. However, a considerable factor that currently hinders the effectiveness of these self-guided Web-based interventions is the high level of nonadherence. The absence of a human caregiver apparently has a negative effect on user adherence...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141385/-clinical-observation-of-visual-quality-after-the-individual-implantation-of-intraocular-lens-guided-by-corneal-q-value
#14
F F Cai, G Y Zheng, H J Wang, L Li, Y Liu
Objective: To describe the feasibility of individual IOL implantation guided by corneal Q value and observe patients postoperative visual quality under different residual spherical aberration. Methods: Prospective study. One hundred and twenty cases (171 eyes)cataract patients in our hospital were selected for the individual implantation of intraocular lens guided by corneal Q value which obtained by Oberscan before operation. Based on spherical aberration calculated by corneal Q value, choose appropriate IOL personalitily to make postoperative whole eye surface aberration +0...
November 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140660/assessing-the-relative-influence-and-efficacy-of-public-and-private-food-safety-regulation-regimes-comparing-codex-and-global-g-a-p-standards
#15
Sam F Halabi, Ching-Fu Lin
An extensive global system of private food regulation is under construction, one that exceeds conventional regulation thought of as being driven by public authorities like FDA and USDA in the U.S. or the Food Standards Agency in the UK. Agrifood and grocer organizations, in concert with some farming groups, have been the primary designers of this new food regulatory regime. These groups have established alliances that compete with national regulators in complex ways. This article analyzes the relationship between public and private sources of food safety regulation by examining standards adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, a food safety organization jointly run by the Food and Agricultural Organization and the World Health Organization and GlobalG...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140502/social-worker-identity-a-profession-in-context
#16
Brad Forenza, Caitlin Eckert
Social work is a broad field encompassing micro, mezzo, and macro areas of practice. Consequently, the field lacks a unifying professional identity due to the expansiveness of the profession. Professional identity is conceptualized as an extension of social identity, vis-à-vis the embodiment of three qualities: connectedness, expansiveness, and effectiveness. This study used 12 in-depth, individual interviews with practicing social workers to explore these qualities. Findings from interviews reveal six primary themes and 21 subthemes pertaining to social worker identity...
November 13, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131729/yoga-communities-and-eating-disorders-creating-safe-space-for-positive-embodiment
#17
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Laura Lee Douglass
With adequate education and guidance, yoga communities, as part of the therapeutic landscape in the 21st century, can play a significant role promoting positive embodiment for those with, and at-risk for, eating disorders (EDs). To do this, yoga teachers need to know how to create a body-positive community and be able to recognize and respond to those at risk and struggling with EDs in their communities. In order to address yoga teaching methods associated with EDs and ED risk, broader conceptual approaches and specific practices associated with positive embodiment are offered...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129570/poly-vinyl-pyrrolidone-lipid-based-hybrid-nanoparticles-for-anti-viral-drug-delivery
#18
K S Joshy, S Snigdha, George Anne, Kalarikkal Nandakumar, Pothen Laly A, Thomas Sabu
Zidovudine (AZT) is an antiviral drug with moderate solubility in water. It has limited application due to its short half life in vivo and consequent requirement for frequent administrations. To solve this problem, zidovudine loaded polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/stearic acid (SA)-polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles (PSNPs) were developed.The hybrid nanoparticles were prepared by emulsification-solvent evaporation method. The physico chemical characterizations of the PSNPs was done by dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR)...
November 9, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129122/convergence-and-divergence-an-analysis-of-mechanical-restraints
#19
Jean Daniel Jacob, Dave Holmes, Désiré Rioux, Pascale Corneau, Colleen MacPhee
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses are regularly confronted with the uses and effects of control interventions such as mechanical restraints. Although there are evident tensions in the literature regarding the use of mechanical restraints, very little research has focused on the lived and embodied experience of their use, whether from the patient's perspective or the perspective of nursing staff responsible for their application. Research aims: (1) to gain access to the bodily phenomenon of being placed in mechanical restraints; (2) to give voice to the intimate experiential understanding of this experience; and (3) through phenomenological interpretation, to understand the subjective processes and meaning-making of this experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129011/embodiment-and-estrangement-results-from-first-in-human-intelligent-bci-trial
#20
F Gilbert, M Cook, T O'Brien, J Illes
While new generations of implantable brain computer interface (BCI) devices are being developed, evidence in the literature about their impact on the patient experience is lagging. In this article, we address this knowledge gap by analysing data from the first-in-human clinical trial to study patients with implanted BCI advisory devices. We explored perceptions of self-change across six patients who volunteered to be implanted with artificially intelligent BCI devices. We used qualitative methodological tools grounded in phenomenology to conduct in-depth, semi-structured interviews...
November 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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