keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Embodiment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088645/towards-solving-the-hard-problem-of-consciousness-the-varieties-of-brain-resonances-and-the-conscious-experiences-that-they-support
#1
Stephen Grossberg
The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how we experience qualia or phenomenal experiences, such as seeing, hearing, and feeling, and knowing what they are. To solve this problem, a theory of consciousness needs to link brain to mind by modeling how emergent properties of several brain mechanisms interacting together embody detailed properties of individual conscious psychological experiences. This article summarizes evidence that Adaptive Resonance Theory, or ART, accomplishes this goal...
December 6, 2016: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080969/an-active-inference-theory-of-allostasis-and-interoception-in-depression
#2
Lisa Feldman Barrett, Karen S Quigley, Paul Hamilton
In this paper, we integrate recent theoretical and empirical developments in predictive coding and active inference accounts of interoception (including the Embodied Predictive Interoception Coding model) with working hypotheses from the theory of constructed emotion to propose a biologically plausible unified theory of the mind that places metabolism and energy regulation (i.e. allostasis), as well as the sensory consequences of that regulation (i.e. interoception), at its core. We then consider the implications of this approach for understanding depression...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080966/active-interoceptive-inference-and-the-emotional-brain
#3
REVIEW
Anil K Seth, Karl J Friston
We review a recent shift in conceptions of interoception and its relationship to hierarchical inference in the brain. The notion of interoceptive inference means that bodily states are regulated by autonomic reflexes that are enslaved by descending predictions from deep generative models of our internal and external milieu. This re-conceptualization illuminates several issues in cognitive and clinical neuroscience with implications for experiences of selfhood and emotion. We first contextualize interoception in terms of active (Bayesian) inference in the brain, highlighting its enactivist (embodied) aspects...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079644/functional-characteristics-of-health-coalitions-in-local-public-health-systems-exploring-the-function-of-county-health-councils-in-tennessee
#4
Priscilla Barnes, Paul Erwin, Ramal Moonesinghe, Ashley Brooks, Erik L Carlton, Bruce Behringer
CONTEXT: Partnerships are emerging as critically important vehicles for addressing health in local communities. Coalitions involving local health departments can be viewed as the embodiment of a local public health system. Although it is known that these networks are heavily involved in assessment and community planning activities, limited studies have evaluated whether health coalitions are functioning at an optimal capacity. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the extent to which health coalitions met or exceeded expectations for building functional capacity within their respective networks...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078359/in-touch-with-mental-rotation-interactions-between-mental-and-tactile-rotations-and-motor-responses
#5
Johannes Lohmann, Bettina Rolke, Martin V Butz
Although several process models have described the cognitive processing stages that are involved in mentally rotating objects, the exact nature of the rotation process itself remains elusive. According to embodied cognition, cognitive functions are deeply grounded in the sensorimotor system. We thus hypothesized that modal rotation perceptions should influence mental rotations. We conducted two studies in which participants had to judge if a rotated letter was visually presented canonically or mirrored. Concurrently, participants had to judge if a tactile rotation on their palm changed direction during the trial...
January 11, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078188/new-innovations-for-deep-partial-thickness-burn-treatment-with-acell-matristem-matrix
#6
Justine S Kim, Alexander J Kaminsky, J Blair Summitt, Wesley P Thayer
Objective: Burn injuries remain a large financial burden on the healthcare system. According to CDC statistics (2010), nonfatal and hospitalized burns in the U.S. cost $1.8 billion for an annual incidence of ∼486,000 cases. To date, no technique proves to be the ideal therapy of deep partial-thickness burns. In this study, we review a trial usage of ACell (ACell, Inc.) wound matrix on deep partial-thickness burns. Approach: Burn patients were admitted through the Vanderbilt Emergency Department. Three were consented to receive ACell therapy...
December 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077329/body-schema-plasticity-after-stroke-subjective-and-neurophysiological-correlates-of-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#7
Roberto Llorens, Adrián Borrego, Priscila Palomo, Ausiàs Cebolla, Enrique Noé, Sergi Bermúdez I Badia, Rosa Baños
Stroke can lead to motor impairments that can affect the body structure and restraint mobility. We hypothesize that brain lesions and their motor sequelae can distort the body schema, a sensorimotor map of body parts and elements in the peripersonal space through which human beings embody the reachable space and ready the body for forthcoming movements. Two main constructs have been identified in the embodiment mechanism: body-ownership, the sense that the body that one inhabits is his/her own, and agency, the sense that one can move and control his/her body...
January 7, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076665/carbohydrate-lectin-interactions-an-unexpected-contribution-to-affinity
#8
Giulio Navarra, Pascal Zihlmann, Roman P Jakob, Katia Stangier, Roland C Preston, Said Rabbani, Martin Smiesko, Bea Wagner, Timm Maier, Beat Ernst
Uropathogenic E. coli exploit the PapG-II adhesin for infecting host cells of the kidney; moreover, the expression of PapG-II located at the tip of bacterial pili has been correlated with the onset of pyelonephritis in humans, a potentially life-threatening condition. It was envisaged that the blocking of PapG-II, and thus bacterial adhesion, embodies a viable therapeutic alternative to conventional antibiotic treatment. Within our search for potent PapG-II antagonists, we observed an increase in affinity when tetrasaccharide 1, the natural ligand of PapG-II in human kidneys, was elongated to hexasaccharide 2, although the additional Siaα(2-3)Gal extension is not in direct contact with the lectin...
January 11, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074876/scale-up-of-nature-s-tissue-weaving-algorithms-to-engineer-advanced-functional-materials
#9
Joanna L Ng, Lillian E Knothe, Renee M Whan, Ulf Knothe, Melissa L Knothe Tate
We are literally the stuff from which our tissue fabrics and their fibers are woven and spun. The arrangement of collagen, elastin and other structural proteins in space and time embodies our tissues and organs with amazing resilience and multifunctional smart properties. For example, the periosteum, a soft tissue sleeve that envelops all nonarticular bony surfaces of the body, comprises an inherently "smart" material that gives hard bones added strength under high impact loads. Yet a paucity of scalable bottom-up approaches stymies the harnessing of smart tissues' biological, mechanical and organizational detail to create advanced functional materials...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070289/is-xenodontine-snake-reproduction-shaped-by-ancestry-more-than-by-ecology
#10
Gisela P Bellini, Vanesa Arzamendia, Alejandro R Giraudo
One of the current challenges of evolutionary ecology is to understand the effects of phylogenetic history (PH) and/or ecological factors (EF) on the life-history traits of the species. Here, the effects of environment and phylogeny are tested for the first time on the reproductive biology of South American xenodontine snakes. We studied 60% of the tribes of this endemic and most representative clade in a temperate region of South America. A comparative method (canonical phylogenetic ordination-CPO) was used to find the relative contributions of EF and PH upon life-history aspects of snakes, comparing the reproductive mode, mean fecundity, reproductive potential, and frequency of nearly 1,000 specimens...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070109/apoptosis-and-surfactant-protein-c-expression-inhibition-induced-by-lipopolysaccharide-in-aec-ii-cell-may-associate-with-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#11
Jinle Lin, Jun Tian, Li Wang, Weigang Wu, Huaying Li, Xueyan Wang, Xiaobin Zeng, Wenwu Zhang
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane component, is one of the major causes of septic shock. Herein we investigate LPS-induced apoptosis of rat alveolar epithelial type II cells (AEC II) and the effects of LPS on surfactant protein-C (SP-C) expression in AEC II, along with the possible molecular mechanisms. LPS exposure impaired cell viability and increased apoptosis of AEC II significantly in concentration-dependent manner embodied in increased caspase-3 expression and the activity of caspase-3...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#12
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068368/a-virtual-out-of-body-experience-reduces-fear-of-death
#13
Pierre Bourdin, Itxaso Barberia, Ramon Oliva, Mel Slater
Immersive virtual reality can be used to visually substitute a person's real body by a life-sized virtual body (VB) that is seen from first person perspective. Using real-time motion capture the VB can be programmed to move synchronously with the real body (visuomotor synchrony), and also virtual objects seen to strike the VB can be felt through corresponding vibrotactile stimulation on the actual body (visuotactile synchrony). This setup typically gives rise to a strong perceptual illusion of ownership over the VB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063755/-congenital-heart-disease-recent-technical-advances-in-three-dimensional-echocardiography
#14
Clement Karsenty, Khaled Hadeed, Philippe Acar
The recent technical advances allow the use in practice of three-dimensional echocardiography in children especially through the new high frequency matrix probe. It is difficult or even impossible to hold breathing during children' acquisition so to avoid motion full volume artifact, one beat and live 3D modes are suitable. 3D echocardiography is more accurate than 2D to assess the size, location, and relationship with surrounding structures of atrial and ventricular septal defects and thus helps in the therapeutic decision...
January 4, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057875/perceived-challenges-of-working-in-a-fertility-clinic-a-qualitative-analysis-of-work-stressors-and-difficulties-working-with-patients
#15
Jacky Boivin, Laura Bunting, Emily Koert, Chin Ieng U, Christianne Verhaak
STUDY QUESTION: What are some of the challenges of working in a fertility clinic? SUMMARY ANSWER: The most frequently mentioned challenges were workload (e.g. high time pressure) and patient-related sources (e.g. unrealistic expectations). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: One study showed a too high workload, worry about handling human material and low success rates were main stressors in fertility clinics. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: An online open-ended survey inviting participants to respond to seven questions was distributed to 5902 members of the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE, October 2010)...
January 5, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057384/austerity-and-the-embodiment-of-neoliberalism-as-ill-health-towards-a-theory-of-biological-sub-citizenship
#16
Matthew Sparke
This article charts the diverse pathways through which austerity and other policy shifts associated with neoliberalism have come to be embodied globally in ill-health. It combines a review of research on these processes of embodiment with the development of a theory of the resulting forms of biological sub-citizenship. This theory builds on other studies that have already sought to complement and complicate the concept of biological citizenship with attention to the globally uneven experience and embodiment of bioinequalities...
December 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056869/protein-kinase-c-inhibitor-g%C3%A3-6976-but-not-g%C3%A3-6983-induces-the-reversion-of-e-to-n-cadherin-switch-and-metastatic-phenotype-in-melanoma-identification-of-the-role-of-protein-kinase-d1
#17
Messaouda Merzoug-Larabi, Caroline Spasojevic, Marianne Eymard, Caroline Hugonin, Christian Auclair, Manale Karam
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is a highly metastatic type of cancer that is resistant to all standard anticancer therapies and thus has a poor prognosis. Therefore, metastatic melanoma represents a significant clinical problem and requires novel and effective targeted therapies. The protein kinase C (PKC) family comprises multiple isoforms of serine/threonine kinases that possess distinct roles in cancer development and progression. In this study, we determined whether inhibition of PKC could revert a major process required for melanoma progression and metastasis; i...
January 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056170/self-sterilized-flexible-single-electrode-triboelectric-nanogenerator-for-energy-harvesting-and-dynamic-force-sensing
#18
Huijuan Guo, Tao Li, Xiaotao Cao, Jin Xiong, Yang Jie, Magnus Willander, Xia Cao, Ning Wang, Zhong Lin Wang
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) offer great opportunities to deploy advanced wearable electronics that integrate a power generator and smart sensor, which eliminates the associated cost and sustainability concerns. Here, an embodiment of such integrated platforms has been presented in a graphene oxide (GO) based single-electrode TENG (S-TENG). The as-designed multifunctional device could not only harvest tiny bits of mechanical energy from ambient movements with a high power density of 3.13 W·m(-2) but also enable detecting dynamic force with an excellent sensitivity of about 388 μA·MPa(-1)...
January 9, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053026/self-grounded-vision-hand-ownership-modulates-visual-location-through-cortical-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-oscillations
#19
Nathan Faivre, Jonathan Dönz, Michele Scandola, Herberto Dhanis, Javier Bello Ruiz, Fosco Bernasconi, Roy Salomon, Olaf Blanke
: Vision is known to be shaped by context, defined by environmental and bodily signals. In the Taylor illusion, the size of an afterimage projected on one's hand changes according to proprioceptive signals conveying hand position. Here, we assessed whether the Taylor illusion does not just depend on the physical hand position, but also on bodily self-consciousness as quantified through illusory hand ownership. Relying on the somatic rubber hand illusion, we manipulated hand ownership, such that participants embodied a rubber hand placed next to their own hand...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046542/th-ab-bra-08-simulated-tumor-tracking-in-an-mri-linac-for-lung-tumor-lesions-using-the-monaco-treatment-planning-system
#20
S Al-Ward, A Kim, C McCann, M Ruschin, P Cheung, A Sahgal, B Keller
PURPOSE: To simulate tumor tracking in an Elekta MRI-linac (MRL) and to compare this tracking method with our current ITV approach in terms of OAR sparing for lung cancer patients. METHODS: Five SABR-NSCLC patients with central lung tumors were selected for reasons of potential enhancement of tumor-tissue delineation using MRI. The Monaco TPS was used to compare the current clinical ITV approach to a simulated, novel tracking method which used a 7MV MRL beam in the presence of an orthogonal 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
37145
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"