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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786590/hepatitis-c-and-human-rights-comparison-of-legal-experience-of-ukraine-and-georgia
#1
Iryna Y Senyuta
A comparative legal research of human rights provision in Ukraine and Georgia, in the aspect of combating viral HCV, was conducted. Ukrainian advocacy experience and Georgian strategic litigation experience with regard to human rights and HCV was analyzed. Key international instruments, which lay the conceptual foundations as well as outline the measures, which are directed at human rights in patient care provision and fighting viral hepatitis, were elucidated. Attention was paid to the Global health sector strategy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785772/getting-the-picture-visual-interpretation-in-ophthalmology-residency-training
#2
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785732/the-mental-representation-of-human-action
#3
Sydney Levine, Alan M Leslie, John Mikhail
Various theories of moral cognition posit that moral intuitions can be understood as the output of a computational process performed over structured mental representations of human action. We propose that action plan diagrams-"act trees"-can be a useful tool for theorists to succinctly and clearly present their hypotheses about the information contained in these representations. We then develop a methodology for using a series of linguistic probes to test the theories embodied in the act trees. In Study 1, we validate the method by testing a specific hypothesis (diagrammed by act trees) about how subjects are representing two classic moral dilemmas and finding that the data support the hypothesis...
May 21, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785500/boosting-the-efficiency-of-site-saturation-mutagenesis-for-a-difficult-to-randomize-gene-by-a-two-step-pcr-strategy
#4
Aitao Li, Carlos G Acevedo-Rocha, Manfred T Reetz
Site-saturation mutagenesis (SSM) has been used in directed evolution of proteins for a long time. As a special form of saturation mutagenesis, it involves individual randomization at a given residue with formation of all 19 amino acids. To date, the most efficient embodiment of SSM is a one-step PCR-based approach using NNK codon degeneracy. However, in the case of difficult-to-randomize genes, SSM may not deliver all of the expected 19 mutants, which compels the user to invest further efforts by applying site-directed mutagenesis for the construction of the missing mutants...
May 21, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785227/alterations-in-the-three-components-of-selfhood-in-persons-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-a-pilot-qeeg-neuroimaging-study
#5
Andrew A Fingelkurts, Alexander A Fingelkurts
Background and Objective: Understanding how trauma impacts the self-structure of individuals suffering from the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms is a complex matter and despite several attempts to explain the relationship between trauma and the "Self", this issue still lacks clarity. Therefore, adopting a new theoretical perspective may help understand PTSD deeper and to shed light on the underlying psychophysiological mechanisms. Methods: In this study, we employed the "three-dimensional construct model of the experiential selfhood" where three major components of selfhood (phenomenal first-person agency, embodiment, and reflection/narration) are related to three Operational Modules (OMs) of the self-referential brain network...
2018: Open Neuroimaging Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782368/tiny-moments-matter-promoting-professionalism-in-everyday-practice
#6
Elizabeth C Bernabeo, Benjamin Chesluk, Lorna Lynn
INTRODUCTION: Professionalism rests upon a number of individual, environmental, and societal level factors, leading to specific professional behavior in specific situations. Focusing on professional lapses to identify and remediate unprofessional physicians is incomplete. We explored professionalism in practicing internal medicine physicians in the context of everyday practice, to highlight how typical experiences contribute to positive, yet often unnoticed, professional behavior. METHODS: In-depth interviews were used to uncover 13 physicians' most meaningful experiences of professionalism...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782219/soft-robotics-academic-insights-and-perspectives-through-bibliometric-analysis
#7
Guanjun Bao, Hui Fang, Lingfeng Chen, Yuehua Wan, Fang Xu, Qinghua Yang, Libin Zhang
Soft robotics is of growing interest in the robot community as well as in public media, and there is an increase in the quality and quantity of publications related to this topic. To formally elaborate this growth, we have used a bibliometric analysis to evaluate the publications in the field from 1990 to 2017 based on the Science Citation Index Expanded database. We present a detailed overview and discussion based on keywords, citation, h-index, year, journal, institution, country, author, and review articles...
May 21, 2018: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780334/an-innovative-framework-for-delivering-psychotherapy-to-patients-with-treatment-resistant-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-rationale-for-interactive-motion-assisted-therapy
#8
Marieke J van Gelderen, Mirjam J Nijdam, Eric Vermetten
Despite an array of evidence-based psychological treatments for patients with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a majority of patients do not fully benefit from the potential of these therapies. In veterans with PTSD, up to two-thirds retain their diagnosis after psychotherapy and often their disorder is treatment-resistant, which calls for improvement of therapeutic approaches for this population. One of the factors hypothesized to underlie low response in PTSD treatment is high behavioral and cognitive avoidance to traumatic reminders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779749/relating-movements-in-aesthetic-spaces-immersing-distancing-and-remembering
#9
Sophie De Beukelaer, Ruben Azevedo, Manos Tsakiris
According to Aby Warburg, the aesthetic experience is informed by a pendulum-like movement of the observer's mind that allows him to immerse as well as to take distance from the artwork's composing elements. To account for Warburg's definition, we are proposing embodied simulation and associative processing as constitutive mechanisms of this pendulum-like movement within the aesthetic experience that enable the observer to relate to the displayed artistic material within aesthetic spaces. Furthermore, we suggest that associative processing elicits constructive memory processes that permit the development of a knowledge within which the objects of art become part of memory networks, potentially informing future ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving in real-world situations, as an individual or collectively...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779740/the-influence-of-sensorimotor-experience-on-the-aesthetic-evaluation-of-dance-across-the-life-span
#10
Louise P Kirsch, Emily S Cross
Understanding how action perception, embodiment, and emotion interact is essential for advancing knowledge about how we perceive and interact with each other in a social world. One tool that has proved particularly useful in the past decade for exploring the relationship between perception, action, and affect is dance. Dance is, in its essence, a rich and multisensory art form that can be used to help answer not only basic questions about social cognition but also questions concerning how aging shapes the relationship between action perception, and the role played by affect, emotion, and aesthetics in social perception...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778410/paleo-oncology-taking-stock-and-moving-forward
#11
Casey L Kirkpatrick, Roselyn A Campbell, Kathryn J Hunt
This article serves as an introduction to the International Journal of Paleopathology's special issue, Paleo-oncology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward. Reflecting the goals of the special issue, this paper has been designed to provide an overview of the current state of paleo-oncology, to introduce new and innovative paleo-oncological research and ideas, and to serve as a catalyst for future discussions and progress. This paper begins with an overview of the paleo-oncological evidence that can be found in ancient remains, followed by a summary of significant paleo-oncological findings and methodological advances to date...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777676/cognitive-effects-of-rhythmic-auditory-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-p300-study
#12
Juan Lei, Nadine Conradi, Cornelius Abel, Stefan Frisch, Alla Brodski-Guerniero, Marcel Hildner, Christian A Kell, Jochen Kaiser, Maren Schmidt-Kassow
Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) may compensate dysfunctions of the basal ganglia (BG), involved with intrinsic evaluation of temporal intervals and action initiation or continuation. In the cognitive domain, RAS containing periodically presented tones facilitates young healthy participants' attention allocation to anticipated time points, indicated by better performance and larger P300 amplitudes to periodic compared to random stimuli. Additionally, active auditory-motor synchronization (AMS) leads to a more precise temporal encoding of stimuli via embodied timing encoding than stimulus presentation adapted to the participants' actual movements...
May 16, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776734/taking-into-consideration-explanations-of-perception-action-interactions-that-may-be-less-dramatic-but-more-reflective-of-what-happens-in-the-real-world
#13
Robert W Proctor, Aiping Xiong
Bruce Bridgeman and colleagues reported the first experiments providing evidence of two functionally distinct visual-processing systems. We summarize that work and subsequent research that resulted in modifications of this view. Then, we describe studies of stimulus-response correspondence effects that provide evidence for distinct representations of responses. More recently, Bridgeman and colleagues examined whether "action affects perception", concluding that the phenomena can be more accurately construed as "information affects memory"...
May 15, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775964/time-matters-for-intersex-bodies-between-socio-medical-time-and-somatic-time
#14
Limor Meoded Danon
This article focuses on the dynamic relationships between time and intersex bodies that exist, on the one hand, in medical policy on intersex bodies and, on the other, in intersex people's subjective experiences. Time, from a sociological perspective, is a biosocial agent that establishes diagnostic practices, regulations, and treatment policy regarding intersex bodies. The systematic construction of timeframes by biomedical professionals aims to rapidly diagnose and treat intersex patients and is deeply rooted in the "dimorphic soma-gender order" (DMSGO), the imagined unified relationship of female bodies to femininity and male bodies to masculinity...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774267/-the-men-who-made-the-breakthrough-how-the-british-press-represented-patrick-steptoe-and-robert-edwards-in-1978
#15
Katharine Dow
This article examines how the British press represented Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards in the story of the birth of the first 'test-tube baby', Louise Brown. In 1978, the British press represented the birth of Louise Brown as both a success and a source of hope. The main pairs of protagonists in this story were Steptoe and Edwards and Lesley and John Brown, who metonymically represented British science and infertile couples, respectively. In the dominant 'success' narrative of the birth of Louise Brown as depicted in the British press in 1978, Edwards and Steptoe seemed to embody 'British' values of industriousness, perseverance, altruism, ingenuity and teamwork...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771226/sanokondu
#16
Jamiu Busari, Ming-Ka Chan, Deepak Dath, Anne Matlow, Diane de Camps Meschino
Purpose This paper aims to describe the evolution of Sanokondu, highlighting the rationale, achievements and lessons learnt from this initiative. Sanokondu is a multinational community of practice dedicated to fostering health-care leadership education worldwide. This platform for health-care leadership education was conceived in 2014 at the first Toronto International Summit on Leadership Education for Physicians (TISLEP) and evolved into a formal network of collaborators in 2016. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a case study of a multinational collaboration of health-care leaders, educators, learners and other stakeholders...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770968/-if-i-can-walk-that-far-space-and-embodiment-in-stories-of-illness-and-recovery
#17
Emily Heavey
Illness and recovery transform embodied experience, and transform the experience of space. Space, in turn, is a valuable resource in the telling of an illness narrative. Starting from a phenomenological perspective that takes the body to be the centre of experience, and hence of selfhood and storytelling, this article offers an argument for and an approach to analysing space as a narrative resource in stories about illness and recovery. Using a case study of one woman's stories about her amputation, it demonstrates how both narrated space and narrating space can be used as devices to structure the narrative and position its characters and interlocutors to construct the narrator's embodied experiences and identities...
May 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769565/adaptation-to-criticality-through-organizational-invariance-in-embodied-agents
#18
Miguel Aguilera, Manuel G Bedia
Many biological and cognitive systems do not operate deep within one or other regime of activity. Instead, they are poised at critical points located at phase transitions in their parameter space. The pervasiveness of criticality suggests that there may be general principles inducing this behaviour, yet there is no well-founded theory for understanding how criticality is generated at a wide span of levels and contexts. In order to explore how criticality might emerge from general adaptive mechanisms, we propose a simple learning rule that maintains an internal organizational structure from a specific family of systems at criticality...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769100/what-did-the-go4health-policy-research-project-contribute-to-the-policy-discourse-on-the-sustainable-development-goals-a-reflexive-review
#19
REVIEW
Vannarath Te, Nadia Floden, Sameera Hussain, Claire E Brolan, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the European Commission funded Go4Health-Goals and Governance for Global Health, a consortium of 13 academic research and human rights institutions from both Global North and South-to track the evolution of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and provide ongoing policy advice. This paper reviews the research outputs published between 2012 and 2016, analyzing the thematic content of the publications, and the influence on global health and development discourse through citation metrics...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765624/generalized-transformations-and-coordinates-for-static-spherically-symmetric-general-relativity
#20
James M Hill, Joseph O'Leary
We examine a static, spherically symmetric solution of the empty space field equations of general relativity with a non-orthogonal line element which gives rise to an opportunity that does not occur in the standard derivations of the Schwarzschild solution. In these derivations, convenient coordinate transformations and dynamical assumptions inevitably lead to the Schwarzschild solution. By relaxing these conditions, a new solution possibility arises and the resulting formalism embraces the Schwarzschild solution as a special case...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
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