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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924929/fast-interfacial-charge-transfer-in-%C3%AE-fe2o3-%C3%AE-c%C3%AE-fevo4-x-%C3%AE-cx-%C3%AE-c-bulk-heterojunctions-with-controllable-phase-content
#1
Chengcheng Zhao, Guoqiang Tan, Wei Yang, Chi Xu, Ting Liu, Yuning Su, Huijun Ren, Ao Xia
The novelties in this paper are embodied in the fast interfacial charge transfer in α-Fe2O3-δCδ/FeVO4-x+δCx-δ@C bulk heterojunctions with controllable phase compositions. The carbon source-glucose plays an important role as the connecting bridge between the micelles in the solution, forming interfacial C-O, C-O-Fe and O-Fe-C bonds through dehydration and polymerization reactions. Then the extra VO3(-) around the FeVO4 colloidal particles can react with unstable Fe(OH)3, resulting the phase transformation from α-Fe2O3 (47...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922466/smartphone-based-electrocardiographic-and-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-monitoring
#2
Suneet Mittal
The field of arrhythmia monitoring is changing rapidly. The rapid advent of technology in combination with marked improvements in cellular communication and an increased desire by patients to be actively engaged in their care has ushered in a new era of clinical care. Today, physicians need to think about their patients outside the traditional in-office setting. Two technologies that embody this changing landscape are smartphone-based electrocardiographic (ECG) monitors and remote monitoring of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs)...
January 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922021/the-colored-hanbury-brown-twiss-effect
#3
B Silva, C Sánchez Muñoz, D Ballarini, A González-Tudela, M de Giorgi, G Gigli, K West, L Pfeiffer, E Del Valle, D Sanvitto, F P Laussy
The Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect is one of the celebrated phenomenologies of modern physics that accommodates equally well classical (interferences of waves) and quantum (correlations between indistinguishable particles) interpretations. The effect was discovered in the late thirties with a basic observation of Hanbury Brown that radio-pulses from two distinct antennas generate signals on the oscilloscope that wiggle similarly to the naked eye. When Hanbury Brown and his mathematician colleague Twiss took the obvious step to propose bringing the effect in the optical range, they met with considerable opposition as single-photon interferences were deemed impossible...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920670/two-visual-pathways-in-primates-based-on-sampling-of-space-exploitation-and-exploration-of-visual-information
#4
Bhavin R Sheth, Ryan Young
Evidence is strong that the visual pathway is segregated into two distinct streams-ventral and dorsal. Two proposals theorize that the pathways are segregated in function: The ventral stream processes information about object identity, whereas the dorsal stream, according to one model, processes information about either object location, and according to another, is responsible in executing movements under visual control. The models are influential; however recent experimental evidence challenges them, e.g., the ventral stream is not solely responsible for object recognition; conversely, its function is not strictly limited to object vision; the dorsal stream is not responsible by itself for spatial vision or visuomotor control; conversely, its function extends beyond vision or visuomotor control...
2016: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917028/experiences-of-visually-impaired-students-in-higher-education-bodily-perspectives-on-inclusive-education
#5
Heidi Lourens, Leslie Swartz
Although previous literature sheds light on the experiences of visually impaired students on tertiary grounds, these studies failed to provide an embodied understanding of their lives. In-depth interviews with 15 visually impaired students at one university demonstrated the ways in which they experienced their disability and the built environment in their bodies. At the same time, lost, fearful, shameful and aching bodies revealed prevailing gaps in provision for disabled students. Through this research it becomes clear how the environment is acutely felt within fleshly worlds, while bodies do not fail to tell of disabling societal structures...
2016: Disability & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914561/standards-for-clinical-trials-in-male-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-i-%C3%A2-phase-i-to-phase-iv-clinical-trial-design
#6
William A Fisher, Ilan Gruenwald, Emmanuele A Jannini, Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Lior Lowenstein, Robert E Pyke, Yakov Reisman, Dennis A Revicki, Eusebio Rubio-Aurioles
This series of articles outlines standards for clinical trials of treatments for male and female sexual dysfunctions, with a focus on research design and patient-reported outcome assessment. These articles consist of revision, updating, and integration of articles on standards for clinical trials in male and female sexual dysfunction from the 2010 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine developed by the authors as part of the 2015 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine. We are guided in this effort by several principles...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912851/age-mimicry-a-perspective-on-the-young-old
#7
Thomas Küpper
This essay proposes drawing on Homi K. Bhabha's concept of colonial mimicry to theorize the young-old's imitation of midlife. Bhabha states: "colonial mimicry is the desire for a reformed, recognizable Other, as a subject of a difference that is almost the same, but not quite". On an abstract level, similarities can be found in what is expected of the young-old: the young-old are to orient themselves towards middle-age norms, yet only to a certain degree and only when respecting the allegedly natural differences between the ages of life...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912072/lexical-retrieval-and-semantic-memory-in-parkinson-s-disease-the-question-of-noun-and-verb-dissociation
#8
Henrique Salmazo-Silva, Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta Parente, Maria Sheila Rocha, Roberta Roque Baradel, André M Cravo, João Ricardo Sato, Fabio Godinho, Maria Teresa Carthery-Goulart
The dissociation between the processing of verbs and nouns has been debated in light of the Embodied Cognition Theory (EC). The objective of this paper is to verify how action and verb processing deficits of PD patients are modulated by different tasks with different cognitive demands. Action and object lexical-semantic processing was evaluated in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) and cognitively healthy controls through three different tasks (verbal fluency, naming and semantic association). Compared to controls, PD patients presented worse performance in naming actions and in the two semantic association tasks (action/object)...
November 29, 2016: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911798/stretchable-multichannel-antennas-in-soft-wireless-optoelectronic-implants-for-optogenetics
#9
Sung Il Park, Gunchul Shin, Jordan G McCall, Ream Al-Hasani, Aaron Norris, Li Xia, Daniel S Brenner, Kyung Nim Noh, Sang Yun Bang, Dionnet L Bhatti, Kyung-In Jang, Seung-Kyun Kang, Aaron D Mickle, Gregory Dussor, Theodore J Price, Robert W Gereau, Michael R Bruchas, John A Rogers
Optogenetic methods to modulate cells and signaling pathways via targeted expression and activation of light-sensitive proteins have greatly accelerated the process of mapping complex neural circuits and defining their roles in physiological and pathological contexts. Recently demonstrated technologies based on injectable, microscale inorganic light-emitting diodes (μ-ILEDs) with wireless control and power delivery strategies offer important functionality in such experiments, by eliminating the external tethers associated with traditional fiber optic approaches...
November 28, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910108/a-day-in-the-life-of-a-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-patient-understanding-the-lived-experiences-and-mental-health-impacts-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#10
Sarah L Bell, Jessica Tyrrell, Cassandra Phoenix
Concepts of social practice are increasingly being used to understand experiences of everyday life, particularly in relation to consumption and healthy lifestyles. This article builds on this in the context of lives disrupted and reshaped by chronic illness. It uses social practice theory to examine the lived experiences of individuals with Ménière's disease; a long-term progressive vestibular disorder, defined by episodes of severe and debilitating vertigo, aural fullness, tinnitus and sensorineural hearing loss...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910107/gestating-times-women-s-accounts-of-the-temporalities-of-pregnancies-that-end-in-abortion-in-england
#11
Siân M Beynon-Jones
Tensions between the 'clock time' of medicine and the embodied times of its subjects are central to feminist writing concerning Western obstetric practice. In this article, I expand the focus of this literature by addressing the temporal dynamics of another site of reproductive healthcare: abortion provision. Echoing obstetric accounts of birth, time in legal, healthcare and social scientific discourse on abortion is routinely conceptualised as a finite resource contained within the pregnant/foetal body, which can be measured using clocks and calendars...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909424/virtual-reality-as-an-embodied-tool-to-enhance-episodic-memory-in-elderly
#12
Claudia Repetto, Silvia Serino, Manuela Macedonia, Giuseppe Riva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904172/compositions-of-professionalism-in-counselling-work-an-embodied-and-embedded-intersectionality-framework
#13
Maria Adamson, Marjana Johansson
This article explores the embodied compositions of professionalism in the context of the counselling psychology profession in Russia. Specifically, we develop an embodied intersectionality framework for theorizing compositions of professionalism, which allows us to explain how multiple embodied categories of difference intersect and are relationally co-constitutive in producing credible professionals, and, importantly, how these intersections are contingent on intercorporeal encounters that take place in localized professional settings...
December 2016: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903626/a-unified-perspective-on-ankle-push-off-in-human-walking
#14
REVIEW
Karl E Zelik, Peter G Adamczyk
Muscle-tendon units about the ankle joint generate a burst of positive power during the step-to-step transition in human walking, termed ankle push-off, but there is no scientific consensus on its functional role. A central question embodied in the biomechanics literature is: does ankle push-off primarily contribute to leg swing, or to center of mass (COM) acceleration? This question has been debated in various forms for decades. However, it actually presents a false dichotomy, as these two possibilities are not mutually exclusive...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900747/-the-positionality-of-caring-action-small-group-dialogue-in-a-course-on-nursing-ethics
#15
Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: The content of nursing-ethics education has typically focused on the external standards of caring behavior and neglected the relationship between the ethical attitudes and internal experiences of caregivers. PURPOSE: To explore the embodied experience in order to define the positionality of caring action, which is necessary to enrich the content of nursing ethics through small-group-learning-based dialogue. METHODS: The researcher, as a participant observer, teaches a course on nursing ethics...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896940/empowering-women-to-breastfeed-does-the-baby-friendly-initiative-make-a-difference
#16
Danielle Groleau, Katherine W Pizarro, Luisa Molino, Katherine Gray-Donald, Sonia Semenic
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFI) is currently presented worldwide as the gold standard model of care for promoting and supporting breastfeeding. However, there is a lack of understanding about the ways in which health services, including the BFI, address the cultural change from a disembodied practice (formula feeding) to an embodied one (breastfeeding) in contexts where formula feeding is the norm. We used a qualitative case study methodology to compare the embodied experience of breastfeeding and the maternal experience of breastfeeding promotion and support services between mothers receiving care from institutions with low and high levels of BFI implementation in Québec, Canada...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895101/interaction-and-common-ground-in-dementia-communication-across-linguistic-and-cultural-diversity-in-a-residential-dementia-care-setting
#17
Lisa Strandroos, Eleonor Antelius
Previous research concerning bilingual people with a dementia disease has mainly focused on the importance of sharing a spoken language with caregivers. While acknowledging this, this article addresses the multidimensional character of communication and interaction. As using spoken language is made difficult as a consequence of the dementia disease, this multidimensionality becomes particularly important. The article is based on a qualitative analysis of ethnographic fieldwork at a dementia care facility. It presents ethnographic examples of different communicative forms, with particular focus on bilingual interactions...
November 28, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892590/near-infrared-selective-dynamic-windows-controlled-by-charge-transfer-impedance-at-the-counter-electrode
#18
Praveen Pattathil, Riccardo Scarfiello, Roberto Giannuzzi, Giulia Veramonti, Teresa Sibillano, Antonio Qualtieri, Cinzia Giannini, P Davide Cozzoli, Michele Manca
Recent developments in the exploitation of transparent conductive oxide nanocrystals paved the way to the realization of a new class of electrochemical systems capable of selectively shielding the infrared heat loads carried by sunlight and prospected the blooming of a key enabling technology to be implemented in the next generation of "zero-energy" building envelopes. Here we report the fabrication of a set of electrochromic devices embodying an engineered nanostructured electrode made by high aspect-ratio tungsten oxide nanorods, which allow for selectively and dynamically controlling sunlight transmission over the near-infrared to visible range...
November 28, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885036/visionary-medicine-speculative-fiction-racial-justice-and-octavia-butler-s-bloodchild
#19
John Carlo Pasco, Camille Anderson, Sayantani DasGupta
Medical students across the USA have increasingly made the medical institution a place for speculating racially just futures. From die-ins in Fall 2014 to silent protests in response to racially motivated police brutality, medical schools have responded to the public health crisis that is racial injustice in the USA. Reading science fiction may benefit healthcare practitioners who are already invested in imagining a more just, healthier futurity. Fiction that rewrites the future in ways that undermine contemporary power regimes has been termed 'visionary fiction'...
December 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884998/embodied-inequality
#20
Daniel Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Science
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