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Embodiment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227568/system-to-induce-and-measure-embodiment-of-an-artificial-hand-with-programmable-convergent-visual-and-tactile-stimuli
#1
Heather L Benz, Talia R Sieff, Mahsa Alborz, Kimberly Kontson, Elizabeth Kilpatrick, Eugene F Civillico, Heather L Benz, Talia R Sieff, Mahsa Alborz, Kimberly Kontson, Elizabeth Kilpatrick, Eugene F Civillico, Kimberly Kontson, Heather L Benz, Talia R Sieff, Elizabeth Kilpatrick, Eugene F Civillico, Mahsa Alborz
The sense of prosthesis embodiment, or the feeling that the device has been incorporated into a user's body image, may be enhanced by emerging technology such as invasive electrical stimulation for sensory feedback. In turn, prosthesis embodiment may be linked to increased prosthesis use and improved functional outcomes. We describe the development of a tool to assay artificial hand embodiment in a quantitative way in people with intact limbs, and characterize its operation. The system delivers temporally coordinated visual and tactile stimuli at a programmable latency while recording limb temperature...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227451/cuff-pressure-induced-pat-changes-modelling-and-experimental-verification-towards-calibration-of-blood-pressure-surrogates
#2
Erik Bresch, Lars Schmitt, Dennis De Matteis, Jens Muehlsteff, Erik Bresch, Lars Schmitt, Dennis De Matteis, Jens Muehlsteff, Erik Bresch, Dennis De Matteis, Lars Schmitt, Jens Muehlsteff
Arterial Blood Pressure (ABP) is one of the most often measured vital parameters in daily clinical practice. State-of-the-Art non-invasive ABP measurement technologies have obvious limitations and are still mainly based on uncomfortable techniques by complete or partial occlusions of arteries. Additionally, embodiments are bulky, difficult to apply for the layman, or provide only intermittent measurements. We have been investigating the pulse arrival time (PAT) and pulse transit time (PTT) methodology for unobtrusive blood pressure (BP) measurements...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226291/cell-free-synthetic-biology-for-environmental-sensing-and-remediation
#3
REVIEW
David K Karig
The fields of biosensing and bioremediation leverage the phenomenal array of sensing and metabolic capabilities offered by natural microbes. Synthetic biology provides tools for transforming these fields through complex integration of natural and novel biological components to achieve sophisticated sensing, regulation, and metabolic function. However, the majority of synthetic biology efforts are conducted in living cells, and concerns over releasing genetically modified organisms constitute a key barrier to environmental applications...
February 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224689/acquisition-of-abstract-concepts-is-influenced-by-emotional-valence
#4
Marta Ponari, Courtenay Frazier Norbury, Gabriella Vigliocco
There is considerable lack of evidence concerning the linguistic and cognitive skills underpinning abstract vocabulary acquisition. The present study considers the role of emotional valence in providing an embodied learning experience in which to anchor abstract meanings. First, analyses of adult ratings of age-of-acquisition, concreteness and valence demonstrate that abstract words acquired early tend to be emotionally valenced. Second, auditory Lexical Decision accuracies of children aged 6-7, 8-9, and 10-11 years (n = 20 per group) complement these analyses, demonstrating that emotional valence facilitates processing of abstract words, but not concrete...
February 21, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223960/deception-detection-in-action-embodied-simulation-in-antisocial-human-interactions
#5
Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223947/grasping-the-agent-s-perspective-a-kinematics-investigation-of-linguistic-perspective-in-italian-and-german
#6
Claudia Gianelli, Michele Marzocchi, Anna M Borghi
Every day, we primarily experience actions as agents, by having a concrete perspective on our actions, their means and goals. This peculiar perspective is what allows us to successfully plan and execute our actions in a dense social environment. Nevertheless, in this environment actions are also perceived from an observer's perspective. Adopting such a perspective helps us to understand and respond to other's people actions and their outcomes. Importantly, similar experiences of being agent and observer occur also when actions are not physically acted/perceived but are merely linguistically shared...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222925/linking-national-wood-consumption-with-global-biodiversity-and-ecosystem-service-losses
#7
Abhishek Chaudhary, L Roman Carrasco, Thomas Kastner
Identifying the global hotspots of forestry driven species, ecosystem services losses and informing the consuming nations of their environmental footprint domestically and abroad is essential to design demand side interventions and induce sustainable production methods. Here we first use countryside species area relationship model to project species extinctions of four vertebrate taxa (mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles) due to forest land use in 174 countries. We combine the projected extinctions with a global database on the monetary value of ecosystem services provided by different biomes and with bilateral trade data of wood products to calculate species extinctions and ecosystem services losses inflicted by national wood consumption and international wood trade...
February 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222382/corporeal-illusions-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injuries
#8
Michele Scandola, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Renato Avesani, Gianettore Bertagnoni, Anna Marangoni, Valentina Moro
While several studies have investigated corporeal illusions in patients who have suffered from a stroke or undergone an amputation, only anecdotal or single case reports have explored this phenomenon after spinal cord injury. Here we examine various different types of bodily misperceptions in a comparatively large group of 49 people with spinal cord injury in the post-acute and chronic phases after the traumatic lesion onset. An extensive battery of questionnaires concerning a variety of body related feelings was administered and the results were correlated to the main clinical variables...
February 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222235/visual-appearance-of-a-virtual-upper-limb-modulates-the-temperature-of-the-real-hand-a-thermal-imaging-study-in-immersive-virtual-reality
#9
G Tieri, A Gioia, M Scandola, E F Pavone, S M Aglioti
To explore the link between Sense of Embodiment (SoE) over a virtual hand and physiological regulation of skin temperature, twenty-four healthy participants were immersed in virtual reality through a Head Mounted Display and had their real limb temperature recorded by means of a high-sensitivity infrared camera. Participants observed a virtual right upper limb (appearing either normally, or with the hand detached from the forearm) or limb-shaped non-corporeal control objects (continuous or discontinuous wooden blocks) from a first-person perspective...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220954/is-god-just-a-big-person-children-s-conceptions-of-god-across-cultures-and-religious-traditions
#10
Melanie A Nyhof, Carl N Johnson
The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220635/kyasanur-forest-disease-virus-breaking-the-endemic-barrier-an%C3%A2-investigation-into-ecological-effects-on-disease-emergence-and-future-outlook
#11
K Ajesh, B K Nagaraja, K Sreejith
Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) is found in a limited range of India, but is epidemiologically understudied. The seasonal patterns of KFD are well known; however, the significant concern is on the extent to which changes in epidemiology happen especially under the influence of ecological destructions and by the eventual effects of resulting climate change. Presently, a southward and northward spread of the Kyasanur Forest disease virus (KFDV) along the Western Ghats has been reported in the adjoining states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Maharashtra...
February 20, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219266/does-the-english-law-on-abortion-affront-human-dignity
#12
Charles Foster
The English law on abortion is examined through four lenses manufactured by the principle of dignity. Those lenses are embodiment, relationality, story and a transactional, rather than an atomistic, approach to the ascertaining of the relevant interests. It is contended that this approach gives more nuanced, humane, intellectually satisfactory and pastorally satisfactory answers than those generated by the existing law. It is further argued that only this dignity-based approach is compatible with that mandated by Article 8 of the ECHR...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219261/the-role-of-embodiment-and-individual-empathy-levels-in-gesture-comprehension
#13
Karine Jospe, Agnes Flöel, Michal Lavidor
Research suggests that the action-observation network is involved in both emotional-embodiment (empathy) and action-embodiment (imitation) mechanisms. Here we tested whether empathy modulates action-embodiment, hypothesizing that restricting imitation abilities will impair performance in a hand gesture comprehension task. Moreover, we hypothesized that empathy levels will modulate the imitation restriction effect. One hundred twenty participants with a range of empathy scores performed gesture comprehension under restricted and unrestricted hand conditions...
January 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217805/-induction-of-robust-senescence-associated-secretory-phenotype-in-mouse-nih-3t3-cells-by-mitomycin-c
#14
Wei-Xing Huang, Xiao-Xuan Guo, Zhong-Zhi Peng, Chun-Liang Weng, Chun-Yan Huang, Ben-Yan Shi, Jie Yang, Xiao-Xin Liao, Xiao-Yi Li, Hui-Ling Zheng, Xin-Guang Liu, Xue-Rong Sun
Senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) is often a concomitant result of cell senescence, embodied by the enhanced function of secretion. The SASP factors secreted by senescent cells include cytokines, proteases and chemokines, etc, which can exert great influence on local as well as systemic environment and participate in the process of cell senescence, immunoregulation, angiogenesis, cell proliferation and tumor invasion, etc. Relative to the abundance of SASP models in human cells, the in vitro SASP model derived from mouse cells is scarce at present...
February 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217739/grounded-and-embodied-mathematical-cognition-promoting-mathematical-insight-and-proof-using-action-and-language
#15
Mitchell J Nathan, Candace Walkington
We develop a theory of grounded and embodied mathematical cognition (GEMC) that draws on action-cognition transduction for advancing understanding of how the body can support mathematical reasoning. GEMC proposes that participants' actions serve as inputs capable of driving the cognition-action system toward associated cognitive states. This occurs through a process of transduction that promotes valuable mathematical insights by eliciting dynamic depictive gestures that enact spatio-temporal properties of mathematical entities...
2017: Cogn Res Princ Implic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216996/busman-s-stomach-and-the-embodiment-of-modernity
#16
Rhodri Hayward
This paper examines the relationship between the gastric illness, 'busman's stomach' and the Coronation bus strike of May 1937 in which 27,000 London busworkers walked out for better working conditions and a seven-and-half-hour day. It explores the way in which new patterns of somatisation, gastroenterological techniques, psychological theories and competing understandings of time worked together to create new political institutions and new forms of political action in inter-war Britain.
January 2, 2017: Contemporary British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213246/spinel-type-manganese-ferrite-mnfe2o4-microspheres-a-novel-affinity-probe-for-selective-and-fast-enrichment-of-phosphopeptides
#17
Xing-Yu Long, Jia-Yuan Li, Dong Sheng, Hong-Zhen Lian
The spinel-type magnetic manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) microspheres synthesized by simple solvothermal method were used as a novel adsorbent for selective enrichment and effective isolation of phosphopeptides. The uniform MnFe2O4 magnetic affinity microspheres (MAMSs) had a narrow particle size distribution between 250 and 260nm, and displayed superparamagnetism with a saturation magnetization value of 67.0emu/g. Comprehensively, the possible formation mechanism of MnFe2O4 microspheres with ferric and manganous sources as dual precursors was elucidated by comparison with those of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and MnOOH nanosheets respectively with either ferric or manganous source as single precursor...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212751/stable-heritable-germline-silencing-directs-somatic-silencing-at-an-endogenous-locus
#18
Olga Minkina, Craig P Hunter
The importance of transgenerationally inherited epigenetic states to organismal fitness remains unknown as well-documented examples are often not amenable to mechanistic analysis or rely on artificial reporter loci. Here we describe an induced silenced state at an endogenous locus that persists, at 100% transmission without selection, for up to 13 generations. This unusually persistent silencing enables a detailed molecular genetic analysis of an inherited epigenetic state. We find that silencing is dependent on germline nuclear RNAi factors and post-transcriptional mechanisms...
February 16, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205601/virtual-human-as-a-new-diagnostic-tool-a-proof-of-concept-study-in-the-field-of-major-depressive-disorders
#19
Pierre Philip, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Patricia Sagaspe, Etienne De Sevin, Jérôme Olive, Stéphanie Bioulac, Alain Sauteraud
Embodied Conversational Agents (ECAs) are promising software to communicate with patients but no study has tested them in the diagnostic field of mental disorders. The aim of this study was 1) to test the performance of a diagnostic system for major depressive disorders (MDD), based on the identification by an ECA of specific symptoms (the MDD DSM 5 criteria) in outpatients; 2) to evaluate the acceptability of such an ECA. Patients completed two clinical interviews in a randomized order (ECA versus psychiatrist) and filled in the Acceptability E-scale (AES) to quantify the acceptability of the ECA...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205087/-training-the-citizen-of-the-rising-republic-on-a-controversy-at-the-foundation-of-the-republican-school
#20
Christophe Miqueu
This paper looks at the original conflicting approach of the republican school, understood as a traning ground for citizenship. The separation between those who wish to develop a truly democratic school, and those who do not see in this objective a political priority for the emerging republic, embodies the most profound debate of this moment of political foundation of the Republican school. Behind the two visions of the Republican school (education vs instruction), two visions of Republican society are opposed...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
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