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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852022/-parietal-cortices-and-body-information
#1
Eiichi Naito, Kaoru Amemiya, Tomoyo Morita
Proprioceptive signals originating from skeletal muscles and joints contribute to the formation of both the human body schema and the body image. In this chapter, we introduce various types of bodily illusions that are elicited by proprioceptive inputs, and we discuss distinct functions implemented by different parietal cortices. First, we illustrate the primary importance of the motor network in the processing of proprioceptive (kinesthetic) signals originating from muscle spindles. Next, we argue that the right inferior parietal cortex, in concert with the inferior frontal cortex (both regions connected by the inferior branch of the superior longitudinal fasciculus-SLF III), may be involved in the conscious experience of body image...
November 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822374/do-dysfunctional-coping-modes-mediate-the-relationship-between-perceived-parenting-style-and-disordered-eating-behaviours
#2
Jessica M Brown, Stephanie Selth, Alexander Stretton, Susan Simpson
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest that both childhood experiences and coping behaviours may be linked to eating disorder symptoms. METHODS: In this study maladaptive schema coping modes were investigated as mediators in the relationship between perceived negative parenting and disordered eating. A total of 174 adults with eating and/or body image concerns completed questionnaires measuring parenting experiences, schema modes, and disordered eating behaviours...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812733/specific-toxicity-after-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-to-the-central-chest-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Feras Oskan, Gerd Becker, Martin Bleif
The toxicity of stereotactic body radiation therapy in the central chest remains an unsettled issue. The collected data concerning the observed complications are poorly understood and are limited in their quantity and quality, thus hampering a precise delineation of treatment-specific toxicity. The majority of complications scored as toxicity grade 5, namely respiratory failure and fatal hemoptysis, are most likely related to multiple competing risks and occurred at different dose fractionation schemas, e...
November 3, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782311/ageing-masculinity-and-parkinson-s-disease-embodied-perspectives
#4
Grant Gibson, Ciara Kierans
Parkinson's disease (PD) presents as an illness which predominantly affects older men. However older men's lived experiences of PD, including how they are influenced by age and gender relations has seen little empirical study. Drawing on Watson's male body schema, this paper explores how men engage with masculinities and ageing in order to make sense and meaning from PD. Data is presented from 30 narrative and semi structured interviews with 15 men of various ages who were living with PD. Findings suggest that PD threatens a visceral embodiment located in the body's basic movements and intimate functions; a pragmatic embodiment expressed through men's everyday occupations and an experiential embodiment concerned with emotions and sensations felt within and through the body...
October 26, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768128/developing-a-hypnotic-relaxation-intervention-to-improve-body-image-a-feasibility-study
#5
Alison Cieslak, Gary Elkins, Tanima Banerjee, Jessica Marsack, Kimberly Hickman, Alisa Johnson, Norah Henry, Debra Barton
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the content, feasibility, and best outcome of a mind-body intervention involving self-directed hypnotic relaxation to target body image.
. DESIGN: A five-week, uncontrolled, unblinded feasibility intervention study.
. SETTING: Behavioral therapy offices in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Waco, Texas.
. SAMPLE: 10 female breast cancer survivors and 1 breast and gynecologic cancer survivor...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766132/physical-fitness-and-self-image-an-evaluation-of-the-exercise-self-schema-questionnaire-using-direct-measures-of-physical-fitness
#6
Jafra D Thomas, J Mark Vanness, Bradley J Cardinal
The purpose of this study was to perform a construct validity assessment of Kendzierski's exercise self-schema theory questionnaire using objective measures of health-related physical fitness. This study tested the hypothesis that individuals with an exercise self-schema would possess significantly greater physical fitness than those who did not across three domains of health-related physical fitness: Body composition, cardiovascular fitness, and upper-body muscular endurance. Undergraduate student participants from one private university on the west coast of the United States completed informed consent forms and the exercise self-schema questionnaire within a classroom setting or at an on-campus outside tabling session...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690315/the-relationship-between-psoriasis-and-depression-a-multiple-mediation-model
#7
Patryk Łakuta, Kamil Marcinkiewicz, Beata Bergler-Czop, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
This study examined the relationship between psoriasis and depression, proposing a multiple mediation model to analyse the relationship. A total of 193 patients with psoriasis aged 20-67 years completed the Beck Depression Inventory, the Stigmatization Scale, the Appearance Schemas Inventory-Revised, and the Body Emotions Scale. The Body Surface Area index was used to assess severity of psoriasis. Serial multiple mediation analysis revealed that experiences of stigmatization, maladaptive beliefs about appearance and its salience to one's self-evaluation, and negative emotional attitudes towards the body, jointly, sequentially mediated the relationship between the presence of skin lesions of psoriasis and depressive symptoms...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667355/body-image-in-transmen-multidimensional-measurement-and-the-effects-of-mastectomy
#8
Tim C van de Grift, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Lian Elfering, Müjde Özer, Mark-Bram Bouman, Marlon E Buncamper, Jan Maerten Smit, Margriet G Mullender
INTRODUCTION: Transmen are generally dissatisfied with their breasts and often opt for mastectomy. However, little is known about the specific effects of this procedure on this group's body image. AIM: To prospectively assess the effect of mastectomy on the body image of transmen, including cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects. METHODS: During a 10-month period, all transmen applying for mastectomy were invited to participate in this study...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586094/development-of-an-expert-based-icd-9-cm-and-icd-10-cm-map-to-ais-2005-update-2008
#9
Kathryn L Loftis, Janet P Price, Patrick J Gillich, Kathy J Cookman, Amy L Brammer, Trish St Germain, Jo Barnes, Vickie Graymire, Donna A Nayduch, Christine Read-Allsopp, Katherine Baus, Patsye A Stanley, Maureen Brennan
OBJECTIVE: This article describes how maps were developed from the clinical modifications of the 9th and 10th revisions of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) to the Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005 Update 2008 (AIS08). The development of the mapping methodology is described, with discussion of the major assumptions used in the process to map ICD codes to AIS severities. There were many intricacies to developing the maps, because the 2 coding systems, ICD and AIS, were developed for different purposes and contain unique classification structures to meet these purposes...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556353/transcript-analysis-for-internal-biodosimetry-using-peripheral-blood-from-neuroblastoma-patients-treated-with-131-i-mibg-a-targeted-radionuclide
#10
David A Edmondson, Erin E Karski, Ayano Kohlgruber, Harsha Koneru, Katherine K Matthay, Shelly Allen, Christine L Hartmann, Leif E Peterson, Steven G DuBois, Matthew A Coleman
Calculating internal dose from therapeutic radionuclides currently relies on estimates made from multiple radiation exposure measurements, converted to absorbed dose in specific organs using the Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) schema. As an alternative biodosimetric approach, we utilized gene expression analysis of whole blood from patients receiving targeted radiotherapy. Collected blood from patients with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma who received (131)I-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-mIBG) at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) was used to compare calculated internal dose with the modulation of chosen gene expression...
September 2016: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549579/recurrence-rate-and-subjective-symptoms-after-standardized-hamburg-protocol-phototherapeutic-keratectomy-on-recurrent-corneal-erosions
#11
J Mehlan, J Steinberg, L Traber, T Katz, S J Linke
PURPOSE: To evaluate the objective and subjective outcome after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) on recurrent corneal erosions (Hamburg protocol). METHODS: For the standardized PTK according to Hamburg protocol a manual abrasio corneae performed with 20 % alcohol is followed by an excimer ablation depth of ≥15 μm (group1 15 μm; group 2 > 15 μm ablation depth) and 7 mm optical zone. All patients (N = 48) were invited for follow-up examinations and the evaluation of changes concerning subjective symptoms...
October 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489559/compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-an-oculus-virtual-reality-environment-and-the-risk-of-falling-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Miguel F Gago, Darya Yelshyna, Estela Bicho, Hélder David Silva, Luís Rocha, Maria Lurdes Rodrigues, Nuno Sousa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients have an impaired ability to quickly reweight central sensory dependence in response to unexpected body perturbations. Herein, we aim to study provoked compensatory postural adjustments (CPAs) in a conflicting sensory paradigm with unpredictable visual displacements using virtual reality goggles. METHODS: We used kinematic time-frequency analyses of two frequency bands: a low-frequency band (LB; 0.3-1.5 Hz; mechanical strategy) and a high-frequency band (HB; 1...
May 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459405/a-polarizing-question-do-m1-and-m2-microglia-exist
#13
Richard M Ransohoff
Microglial research has entered a fertile, dynamic phase characterized by novel technologies including two-photon imaging, whole-genome transcriptomic and epigenomic analysis with complementary bioinformatics, unbiased proteomics, cytometry by time of flight (CyTOF; Fluidigm) cytometry, and complex high-content experimental models including slice culture and zebrafish. Against this vivid background of newly emerging data, investigators will encounter in the microglial research literature a body of published work using the terminology of macrophage polarization, most commonly into the M1 and M2 phenotypes...
July 26, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440737/do-gender-specific-and-high-resolution-three-dimensional-body-charts-facilitate-the-communication-of-pain-for-women-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-study
#14
Line Lindhardt Egsgaard, Trine Søby Christensen, Ida Munk Petersen, Dorthe Scavenius Brønnum, Shellie Ann Boudreau
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is more prevalent among women; however, the majority of standardized pain drawings are often collected using male-like androgynous body representations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether gender-specific and high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) body charts facilitate the communication of pain for women. METHODS: Using mixed-methods and a cross-over design, female patients with chronic pain were asked to provide detailed drawings of their current pain on masculine and feminine two-dimensional (2D) body schemas (N=41, Part I) or on female 2D and 3D high-resolution body schemas (N=41, Part II) on a computer tablet...
2016: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411976/identifying-the-structure-and-effect-of-drinking-related-self-schemas
#15
Lisa H Domenico, S Strobbe, Karen Farchaus Stein, Bruno J Giordani, Bonnie M Hagerty, Susan J Pressler
Self-schemas have received increased attention as favorable targets for therapeutic intervention because of their central role in self-perception and behavior. The purpose of this integrative review was to identify, evaluate, and synthesize existing research pertaining to drinking-related self-schemas. Russell's integrative review strategy guided the search. Sixteen published works were identified, meeting criteria for evaluation (n = 12 data-based publications and n = 4 models). The retrieved data-based publications rated fair-good using Polit and Beck's criteria; the overall body of literature rated "B" using Grimes and Schulz criteria...
July 13, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378879/proprioception-is-necessary-for-body-schema-plasticity-evidence-from-a-deafferented-patient
#16
Lucilla Cardinali, Claudio Brozzoli, Jacques Luauté, Alice C Roy, Alessandro Farnè
The ability of using a large variety of tools is important in our daily life. Behind human tool-use abilities lays the brain capacity to incorporate tools into the body representation for action (Body Schema, BS), thought to rely mainly on proprioceptive information. Here, we tested whether tool incorporation is possible in absence of proprioception by studying a patient with right upper-limb deafferentation. We adopted a paradigm sensitive to changes of the BS and analyzed the kinematics of free-hand movements before and after tool-use, in three sessions over a period of 2 years...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362980/combining-manual-therapy-with-pain-neuroscience-education-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#17
Emilio J Puentedura, Timothy Flynn
Teaching people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) about the neurobiology and neurophysiology of their pain is referred to as pain neuroscience education (PNE). There is growing evidence that when PNE is provided to patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain, it can result in decreased pain, pain catastrophization, disability, and improved physical performance. Because the aim of PNE is to shift the patient's focus from the tissues in the low back as the source of their pain to the brain's interpretation of inputs, many clinicians could mistakenly believe that PNE should be a "hands-off," education-only approach...
July 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347442/alice-in-wonderland-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#18
Jan Dirk Blom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the literature on Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS), a disorder characterized by distortions of visual perception, the body schema, and the experience of time. RECENT FINDINGS: On the basis of 169 published case descriptions, the etiology of AIWS is divided into 8 main groups, with neurologic disorders affecting mostly adults and elderly patients and encephalitides affecting mostly patients aged ≤18 years. Symptoms of AIWS are also experienced in the general population, with up to 30% of adolescents reporting nonclinical symptoms...
June 2016: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315277/tool-use-an-open-window-into-body-representation-and-its-plasticity
#19
Marie Martel, Lucilla Cardinali, Alice C Roy, Alessandro Farnè
Over the last decades, scientists have questioned the origin of the exquisite human mastery of tools. Seminal studies in monkeys, healthy participants and brain-damaged patients have primarily focused on the plastic changes that tool-use induces on spatial representations. More recently, we focused on the modifications tool-use must exert on the sensorimotor system and highlighted plastic changes at the level of the body representation used by the brain to control our movements, i.e., the Body Schema. Evidence is emerging for tool-use to affect also more visually and conceptually based representations of the body, such as the Body Image...
February 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27304233/gender-body-image-and-social-support-biopsychosocial-deter-minants-of-depression-among-patients-with-psoriasis
#20
Ewa Wojtyna, Patryk Łakuta, Kamil Marcinkiewicz, Beata Bergler-Czop, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
The aim of this study was to examine the importance of psychosocial factors, such as emotional and instrumental social support, distress, and assumptions about appearance and its salience to one's self-worth, and to relate these factors to depressive symptoms in patients with psoriasis, according to gender. A group of 219 patients with psoriasis, aged 18-70 years completed the Beck Depression Inventory, the Appearance Schemas Inventory-Revised, the Berlin Social Support Scales, and the Distress Thermometer...
June 15, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
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