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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166368/public-health-economic-burden-associated-with-two-single-measles-case-investigations-colorado-2016-2017
#1
Grace E Marx, Jennifer Chase, Joseph Jasperse, Kaylan Stinson, Carol E McDonald, Janine K Runfola, Jillian Jaskunas, Donna Hite, Meghan Barnes, Michele Askenazi, Bernadette Albanese
During July 2016-January 2017, two unrelated measles cases were identified in the Denver, Colorado area after patients traveled to countries with endemic measles transmission. Each case resulted in multiple exposures at health care facilities and public venues, and activated an immediate and complex response by local and state public health agencies, with activities led by the Tri-County Health Department (TCHD), which serves Adams, Arapahoe, and Douglas counties. To track the economic burden associated with investigating and responding to single measles cases, personnel hours and supply costs incurred during each investigation were tracked prospectively...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166366/abortion-surveillance-united-states-2014
#2
Tara C Jatlaoui, Jill Shah, Michele G Mandel, Jamie W Krashin, Danielle B Suchdev, Denise J Jamieson, Karen Pazol
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since 1969, CDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States. PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Each year, CDC requests abortion data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City). The reporting areas provide this information voluntarily. For 2014, data were received from 49 reporting areas...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166247/does-sodium-knowledge-affect-dietary-choices-and-health-behaviors-results-from-a-survey-of-los-angeles-county-residents
#3
George Dewey, Ranjana N Wickramasekaran, Tony Kuo, Brenda Robles
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health launched a local sodium-reduction initiative to address the rising prevalence of high blood pressure (hypertension) and related cardiovascular conditions in the population. To inform this effort, we evaluated self-reported knowledge and health behaviors related to sodium intake among Los Angeles County residents. METHODS: We administered 3 cross-sectional Internet panel surveys on knowledge about dietary sodium to a sample of Los Angeles County adults, at intervals from December 2014 through August 2016...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165957/inpatient-dialysis-unit-project-development-redesigning-acute-hemodialysis-care
#4
Jennifer Day
Executive leaders of an acute care hospital performed a market and financial analysis, and created a business plan to establish an inpatient hemodialysis unit operated by the hospital to provide safe, high-quality, evidence-based care to the population of individuals experiencing end stage renal disease (ESRD) within the community. The business plan included a SWOT (Strengths - Weaknesses - Opportunities - Threats) analysis to assess advantages of the hospital providing inpatient hemodialysis services versus outsourcing the services with a contracted agency...
May 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#5
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165781/controlling-disasters-local-emergency-management-perceptions-about-federal-emergency-management-and-homeland-security-actions-after-september-11-2001
#6
Sean Hildebrand
This article examines local emergency manager's beliefs regarding control over tasks during various stages of the hazard cycle since federal policies went into effect following the September 11 attacks. The study considers whether a disparity exists between the actions of local officials during each phase of the "hazard cycle" and the policy expectations of the federal government, which call for greater federal control over activities in emergency management and homeland security. To do so, hypothesis testing investigates the jurisdiction's use of comprehensive emergency management (CEM) practices, the perceived "clarity" of the federal policy demands, and if the local actors feel coerced to comply with federal policy demands so that grant funding is not compromised...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165621/treatment-of-tuberculosis-in-complex-emergencies-in-developing-countries-a-scoping-review
#7
Geraldine Munn-Mace, Divya Parmar
Almost 172 million people live in complex emergencies globally resulting from political and/or economic instability. The provision and continuity of health care in complex emergencies remain a significant challenge. Health agencies are often hesitant to implement tuberculosis programmes in particular because its treatment requires a longer commitment than most acute diseases. However, not treating tuberculosis promptly increases mortality and untreated tuberculosis further increases the incidence of tuberculosis...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165392/the-tale-of-asbestos-in-sweden-1972-1986-the-pathway-to-a-near-total-ban
#8
Peter Westerholm, Bertil Remaéus, Magnus Svartengren
This paper provides a narrative of the national intervention strategy in Sweden aimed to restrict the industrial use of asbestos. For many years, asbestos was imported for widespread industrial use, resulting in large amounts throughout Swedish society. In 1972, the whistle was blown in a Communist Party parliamentary motion describing asbestos as a health hazard and requesting action to prohibit its use. Although the motion was rejected, it initiated the extensive charting of asbestos sources on a tripartite basis, involving government agencies, and employer and trade-union organizations...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165379/role-of-non-coding-rnas-in-the-etiology-of-bladder-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Caterina Gulìa, Stefano Baldassarra, Fabrizio Signore, Giuliano Rigon, Valerio Pizzuti, Marco Gaffi, Vito Briganti, Alessandro Porrello, Roberto Piergentili
According to data of the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the World Health Organization (Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, GLOBOCAN, and the World Health Organization Mortality), bladder is among the top ten body locations of cancer globally, with the highest incidence rates reported in Southern and Western Europe, North America, Northern Africa and Western Asia. Males (M) are more vulnerable to this disease than females (F), despite ample frequency variations in different countries, with a M:F ratio of 4...
November 22, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165037/progress-and-policy-opportunities-in-family-caregiver-assessment-results-from-a-national-survey
#10
Noreen Shugrue, Kathy Kellett, Cindy Gruman, Ashley Tomisek, Jane Straker, Suzanne Kunkel, Julie Robison
Family caregivers play an essential role in long-term services and supports (LTSS). Despite numerous calls for robust caregiver assessment policies to determine needs and treat them as partners in care planning, there has been limited information about whether or how states assess caregiver needs and strengths, or use caregiver information. Using cross-sectional survey data from the 2015 Process Evaluation of the Older Americans Act National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP), this study analyzes caregiver assessment policies and practices in 54 State Units on Aging, 619 Area Agencies on Aging, and 642 local service providers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164997/where-policy-meets-practice-employer-perspectives-on-scheduling-and-hours-for-home-care-aides
#11
Elizabeth Nisbet, Jennifer Craft Morgan
In a context of growing demand for home-based direct care services, the need to retain direct care workers (DCWs) is clear. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, changes to the Fair Labor Standards Act, and state-level changes in Medicaid support for home-based care together have affected agencies that hire DCWs, with implications for an issue that affects worker satisfaction: scheduling. Many home-based aides employed by agencies cannot count on consistent or sufficient hours. Hours shortfall and instability have been recognized as important issues for retail and restaurant workers, but focused on less for care aides...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164603/18f-pet-with-florbetapir-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#12
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Xavier Bonfill Cosp, Leon Flicker
BACKGROUND: (18)F-florbetapir uptake by brain tissue measured by positron emission tomography (PET) is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-florbetapir...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164602/18f-pet-with-flutemetamol-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#13
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Leon Flicker, Xavier Bonfill Cosp
BACKGROUND: (18)F-flutemetamol uptake by brain tissue, measured by positron emission tomography (PET), is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and the confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using some amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-flutemetamol...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164600/18f-pet-with-florbetaben-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#14
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Leon Flicker, Xavier Bonfill Cosp
BACKGROUND: (18)F-florbetaben uptake by brain tissue, measured by positron emission tomography (PET), is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using some amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-florbetaben...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164041/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-intestinal-parasite-infection-among-schoolchildren-in-the-peripheral-highland-regions-of-huanuco-peru
#15
Byungjin Choi, Bongyoung Kim
Objectives: Schoolchildren in developing countries are at greater risk of intestinal parasitic infections. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and assess the risk factors of intestinal parasite infection among schoolchildren in rural areas of Peru. Methods: A volunteer team from the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) conducted a campaign for parasite eradication called "Chao parasitos" at five schools in the peripheral highland regions of Huanuco in October 2013...
October 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163666/addressing-culture-and-context-in-humanitarian-response-preparing-desk-reviews-to-inform-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support
#16
M Claire Greene, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Peter Ventevogel, Laurence J Kirmayer, Ghayda Hassan, Anna Chiumento, Mark van Ommeren, Wietse A Tol
Delivery of effective mental health and psychosocial support programs requires knowledge of existing health systems and socio-cultural context. To respond rapidly to humanitarian emergencies, international organizations often seek to design programs according to international guidelines and mobilize external human resources to manage and deliver programs. Familiarizing international humanitarian practitioners with local culture and contextualizing programs is essential to minimize risk of harm, maximize benefit, and optimize efficient use of resources...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163359/attitudes-of-palestinian-health-care-professionals-in-gaza-to-clinical-practice-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Mahmoud Radwan, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Amirhossein Takian, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Aymen Elsous
Background: Despite the huge numbers of the internationally produced and implemented Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs), the compliance with them is still low in health care. This study aimed at assessing the attitudes of Palestinian health-care professionals toward the most perceived factors influencing the adherence to the CPG for Diabetes Mellitus in the Primary Health-care centers of the Ministry of Health (PHC-MoH) and the Primary Health-care centers of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (PHC-UNRWA) using a validated questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163282/from-querulous-to-suicidal-self-immolation-in-public-places-as-a-symbolic-response-to-the-feeling-of-injustice
#18
Benjamin T Lévy, Cécile Prudent, Florian Liétard, Renaud Evrard
Aim: This paper sheds light on the context that leads some querulous patients to self-immolate in front of, or into, public buildings (e.g., tribunals, city halls, and employment agencies). Method: The author defines paranoid querulousness. A psychoanalytic perspective, but also a judicial and a psychiatric point of view, over querulous claimants is presented. The links between political or social claims and self-immolation are studied. The expression of suicidal thoughts voiced by four querulous subjects is analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163271/self-presentation-strategies-fear-of-success-and-anticipation-of-future-success-among-university-and-high-school-students
#19
Natasza Kosakowska-Berezecka, Paweł Jurek, Tomasz Besta, Sylwia Badowska
The backlash avoidance model (BAM) suggests women insufficiently self-promote because they fear backlash for behavior which is incongruent with traditional gender roles. Avoiding self-promoting behavior is also potentially related to associating success with negative consequences. In two studies we tested whether self-promotion and fear of success will be predictors of lower salaries and anticipation of lower chances of success in an exam. In study 1, prior to the exam they were about to take, we asked 234 students about their predictions concerning exam results and their future earnings...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163262/the-effects-of-psychotherapist-s-and-clients-interpersonal-behaviors-during-a-first-simulated-session-a-lab-study-investigating-client-satisfaction
#20
François Moors, Emmanuelle Zech
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of psychotherapists' behaviors during a first simulated therapy session on clients' satisfaction, including their intention to pursue or drop out from therapy. The importance of psychotherapists' warmth on clients' satisfaction was examined to check previous findings stressing this determining factor. Examining the role of warm behaviors is however insufficient according to the interpersonal perspective. We therefore tested the role of the psychotherapist's agentic behaviors since only a few studies provide contradictory results about the role of this interpersonal dimension on clients' satisfaction and how it is influenced by matching up client and therapist's profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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