keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Agency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820657/implications-of-no-recent-sexual-activity-casual-sex-or-exclusive-sex-for-college-women-s-sexual-well-being-depend-on-sexual-attitudes
#1
Christine E Kaestle, Larissa M Evans
OBJECTIVE: We examine how sexual activity relates to sexual well-being within the context of sexual attitudes, sexual agency, and sexual desire. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: We surveyed 471 college women in 2012-14 who had ever had sex. RESULTS: Sexual agency and sexual desire consistently predicted well-being, regardless of recent sexual activity. There was a significant interaction between recent sexual activity (none, casual, or exclusive relationship) and sexual attitudes...
August 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819524/impact-of-vaccine-mandate-on-tdap-vaccination-coverage-among-illinois-students-2014-15
#2
Yaa Karikari, Oyinade Akinyede, Vanessa Davis, Kenneth Soyemi
In response to recent pertussis resurgence, a multi-agency recommendation that students receive a one-time Tdap vaccine was introduced. Post mandate there was sequential increase in the Tdap vaccine uptake in the targeted population.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#3
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818815/mercury-concentrations-in-china-s-coastal-waters-and-implications-for-fish-consumption-by-vulnerable-populations
#4
Yindong Tong, Mengzhu Wang, Xiaoge Bu, Xin Guo, Yan Lin, Huiming Lin, Jing Li, Wei Zhang, Xuejun Wang
We assessed mercury (Hg) pollution in China's coastal waters, including the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the South China Sea, based on a nationwide dataset from 301 sampling sites. A methylmercury (MeHg) intake model for humans based on the marine food chain and human fish consumption was established to determine the linkage between water pollutants and the pollutant intake by humans. The predicted MeHg concentration in fish from the Bohai Sea was the highest among the four seas included in the study...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818734/the-predictors-of-perceived-social-support-among-former-foster-youth
#5
Andrew Zinn, Ashley N Palmer, Eunji Nam
Based on a 5-wave panel survey of 732 foster youth, the current study examined the respective relationships between foster youths' individual characteristics, youths' social connections with individuals and formal institutions, and the development of perceived social support across the transition to adulthood. Several youth characteristics - including self-reported delinquency and attachment insecurity - were found to be statistically significantly associated with perceived social support. Attachment insecurity also appeared to mediate the relationships between social support and several other youth-level characteristics, including prior placement disruptions and placement with relatives...
August 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818704/orphan-drug-regulation-a-missed-opportunity-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#6
Gilles Vassal, Pam Kearns, Patricia Blanc, Nicole Scobie, Delphine Heenen, Andy Pearson
BACKGROUND: Oncology represents a major sector in the field of orphan drug development in Europe. The objective was to evaluate whether children and adolescents with cancer benefited from the Orphan Drug Regulation. METHODS: Data on orphan drug designations (ODDs) and registered orphan drugs from 8th August 2000 to 10th September 2016 were collected from the Community Register of medicinal products for human use. Assessment history, product information and existence of paediatric investigation plans were searched and retrieved from the European Medicine Agency website...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818606/recent-advances-in-targeting-ros1-in-lung-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Jessica J Lin, Alice T Shaw
ROS1 is a validated therapeutic target in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In a phase I study, the multi-targeted MET/ALK/ROS1 inhibitor crizotinib demonstrated remarkable efficacy in ROS1-rearranged NSCLCs, and consequently gained approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration as well as the European Medicines Agency in 2016. However, similar to other oncogene-driven lung cancers, ROS1-rearranged lung cancers treated with crizotinib eventually acquire resistance, leading to disease relapse. Novel ROS1 inhibitors and therapeutic strategies are therefore needed...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817997/positive-impact-of-cladribine-on-quality-of-life-in-people-with-relapsing-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Dayo Afolabi, Christo Albor, Lukasz Zalewski, Dan R Altmann, David Baker, Klaus Schmierer
BACKGROUND: A number of elements of the pivotal 'cladribine tablets treating multiple sclerosis orally' (CLARITY) trial have remained unpublished. OBJECTIVE: To report the impact of cladribine on health-related quality of life (QoL) in people with relapsing multiple sclerosis (pwRMS). METHODS: QoL data from the phase III trial of two different doses (3.5 and 5.15 mg/kg) of oral cladribine in pwRMS were acquired from the European Medicines Agency through Freedom of Information...
August 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817579/the-link-between-bond-forfeiture-and-pretrial-release-mechanism-the-case-of-dallas-county-texas
#9
Stephen J Clipper, Robert G Morris, Amanda Russell-Kaplan
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of four pretrial jail release mechanisms (i.e., bond types) commonly used during the pretrial phase of the criminal justice process in terms of their ability to discriminate between defendants failing to appear in court (i.e., bond forfeiture). These include attorney bonds, cash bonds, commercial bail bonds, and release via a pretrial services agency. METHODS: A multi-treatment propensity score matching protocol was employed to assess between-release-mechanism differences in the conditional probability of failure to appear/bond forfeiture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817431/challenges-in-health-care-simulation-are-we-learning-anything-new
#10
Kerm Henriksen, David Rodrick, Erin N Grace, P Jeffrey Brady
The growth of health care simulation in schools of medicine and nursing is noteworthy, as is the increasingly sophisticated simulation technology, support from funding agencies and foundations for research, well-attended annual conferences, and continued interest of accreditation and certification groups. Yet there are concerns preventing the full value of health care simulation to be realized when examined from a patient safety perspective. Basic questions are asked by funders of patient safety research when assessing past simulation projects undertaken to advance patient safety: Are the safety and quality of care to patients actually improved, and is something new being learned regarding the optimal use of simulation? Concerns focus on pursuing the right research questions to learn something new about the most effective use of simulation; doing more with simulation than simply providing an interesting, stand-alone educational experience; attending more seriously to how skill acquisition, maintenance, and progression get managed; and encouraging investigators, funders, and reviewers to expand their vision regarding what constitutes important inquiry and evidence in health care simulation...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817189/from-preparedness-to-risk-from-the-singular-risk-of-nuclear-war-to-the-plurality-of-all-hazards
#11
Joe Deville, Michael Guggenheim
Debates on risk have largely assumed risk to be the outcome of calculative practices. There is a related assumption that risk objects come only in one form, and that the reason not everything can be transformed into a risk is because of the difficulties in calculating and creating universal quantitative comparisons. In this article, building on recent studies of preparedness that have broadened understandings of risk, we provide an analysis of how preparedness measures might themselves produce risk, in particular through risk's durable instantiation, or what we call 'concretization'...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816904/the-relationship-between-oref-grants-and-future-nih-funding-success
#12
Vishal Hegde, Daniel Johansen, Howard Y Park, Stephen D Zoller, Christopher Hamad, Nicholas M Bernthal
BACKGROUND: The Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation (OREF) is the leading specialty-specific nongovernmental organization providing orthopaedic funding in the United States. As extramural research funding has become increasingly difficult to acquire, one mission of the OREF is to support investigators to generate data needed to secure larger extramural funding from agencies such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the rate of translating OREF faculty-level grants into subsequent NIH funding and to determine if there are identifiable factors that increase the rate of converting an OREF grant into NIH funding...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816649/improving-regional-influenza-surveillance-through-a-combination-of-automated-outbreak-detection-methods-the-2015-16-season-in-france
#13
Camille Pelat, Isabelle Bonmarin, Marc Ruello, Anne Fouillet, Céline Caserio-Schönemann, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Yann Le Strat
The 2014/15 influenza epidemic caused a work overload for healthcare facilities in France. The French national public health agency announced the start of the epidemic - based on indicators aggregated at the national level - too late for many hospitals to prepare. It was therefore decided to improve the influenza alert procedure through (i) the introduction of a pre-epidemic alert level to better anticipate future outbreaks, (ii) the regionalisation of surveillance so that healthcare structures can be informed of the arrival of epidemics in their region, (iii) the standardised use of data sources and statistical methods across regions...
August 10, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816610/tobacco-control-law-implementation-in-a-middle-income-country-transnational-tobacco-control-network-overcoming-tobacco-industry-opposition-in-colombia
#14
Randy Uang, Eric Crosbie, Stanton A Glantz
The objective of this paper is to examine the implementation of Colombia's tobacco control law. Methods involved are triangulated government legislation, news sources, and interviews with policy-makers and health advocates in Colombia. Colombia, a middle-income country, passed a tobacco control law in 2009 that included a prohibition on tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship; and required pictorial health warning labels, ingredients disclosure, and a prohibition on individual cigarette sales. Tobacco companies challenged the implementation through litigation, tested government enforcement of advertising provisions and regulations on ingredients disclosure, and lobbied local governments to deprioritise policy responses to single cigarette sales...
August 17, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816572/effects-on-alcohol-consumption-and-alcohol-related-harm-of-a-community-based-prevention-intervention-with-national-support-in-sweden
#15
Tony Nilsson, Peter Allebeck, Håkan Leifman, Sven Andréasson, Thor Norström, Karin Guldbrandsson
BACKGROUND: In order to strengthen local alcohol prevention work in Sweden the Swedish government has for the past almost 15 years commissioned the Public Health Agency of Sweden to initiate a series of community-based alcohol prevention projects. The latest of these, labeled local development with ambitions (LUMA), included 25 municipalities in Sweden. OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study is to examine if LUMA municipalities that received financial support, with requirements, increased local alcohol prevention and if alcohol consumption and harm declined...
August 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816494/gaming-disorder-its-delineation-as-an-important-condition-for-diagnosis-management-and-prevention
#16
John B Saunders, Wei Hao, Jiang Long, Daniel L King, Karl Mann, Mira Fauth-Bühler, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Thomas Chung, Elda Chan, Norharlina Bahar, Sophia Achab, Hae Kook Lee, Marc Potenza, Nancy Petry, Daniel Spritzer, Atul Ambekar, Jeffrey Derevensky, Mark D Griffiths, Halley M Pontes, Daria Kuss, Susumu Higuchi, Satoko Mihara, Sawitri Assangangkornchai, Manoj Sharma, Ahmad El Kashef, Patrick Ip, Michael Farrell, Emanuele Scafato, Natacha Carragher, Vladimir Poznyak
Online gaming has greatly increased in popularity in recent years, and with this has come a multiplicity of problems due to excessive involvement in gaming. Gaming disorder, both online and offline, has been defined for the first time in the draft of 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). National surveys have shown prevalence rates of gaming disorder/addiction of 10%-15% among young people in several Asian countries and of 1%-10% in their counterparts in some Western countries...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816489/the-path-to-an-autism-spectrum-disorders-diagnosis-in-ethiopia-parent-perspective
#17
Waganesh A Zeleke, Tammy Hughes, Morgan Chitiyo
This study explores the common characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and the available diagnostic and intervention currently practiced for children with ASDs in Ethiopia based on parents' experience. Data gathered from 100 parents in Ethiopia detail the difficulties families face when they suspect their child has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The data indicate Ethiopian parents pursued a diagnosis of ASD after noting common ASD behaviors such as hand flapping and unusual attachments to objects...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816174/-adverse-drug-reaction-reports-in-iceland-from-2013-to-2016-a-comparison-with-other-nordic-countries
#18
Sara Skulina Jonsdottir, Sigridur Maria Olafsdottir, Hrefna Gudmundsdottir
INTRODUCTION: Information regarding adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of new medications is based on clinical studies of selected populations. The reporting of ADRs from real-life use following the marketing of new active substances is instrumental for the continuous evaluation of their benefit-risk balance. The aim of this study was to determine the number and nature of ADR reports in Iceland and compare with other Nordic countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reports of ADRs from 2013 to 2016 were examined using the Icelandic Medicines Agency´s database...
July 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816053/in-vitro-exposure-systems-and-dosimetry-assessment-tools-for-inhaled-tobacco-products-workshop-proceedings-conclusions-and-paths-forward-for-in-vitro-model-use
#19
Holger Behrsing, Erin Hill, Hans Raabe, Raymond Tice, Suzanne Fitzpatrick, Robert Devlin, Kent Pinkerton, Günter Oberdörster, Chris Wright, Roman Wieczorek, Michaela Aufderheide, Sandro Steiner, Tobias Krebs, Bahman Asgharian, Richard Corley, Michael Oldham, Jason Adamson, Xiang Li, Irfan Rahman, Sonia Grego, Pei-Hsuan Chu, Shaun McCullough, Rodger Curren
In 2009, the passing of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act facilitated the establishment of the FDA Center for Tobacco Products (CTP), and gave it regulatory authority over the marketing, manufacture and distribution of tobacco products, including those termed 'modified risk'. On 4-6 April 2016, the Institute for In Vitro Sciences, Inc. (IIVS) convened a workshop conference entitled, In Vitro Exposure Systems and Dosimetry Assessment Tools for Inhaled Tobacco Products, to bring together stakeholders representing regulatory agencies, academia and industry to address the research priorities articulated by the FDA CTP...
July 2017: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815982/bridge-the-gap-the-need-for-harmonized-regulatory-and-ethical-standards-for-postmarketing-observational-studies
#20
REVIEW
Hisashi Urushihara, Louise Parmenter, Shimon Tashiro, Kenji Matsui, Nancy Dreyer
Drug safety issues do not respect national borders. Hence, addressing a safety question may necessitate globally coordinated efforts between regulatory authorities and market authorization holders (MAHs) to draw reliable conclusions. Regulatory authorities have shared responsibility with MAHs sponsoring postmarketing nonintervention studies in determining study goals and design. Their shared accountabilities include what will be investigated and how the data will be retrieved to ensure appropriate study quality required for regulatory decision making...
August 16, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
keyword
keyword
37143
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"