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Paediatric psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713687/group-psychological-intervention-for-maternal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#1
Nusrat Husain, Nasim Chaudhry, Christine Furber, Hina Fayyaz, Tayyeba Kiran, Farah Lunat, Raza Ur Rahman, Saira Farhan, Batool Fatima
AIM: To understand the experience of maternal depression, the factors implicated in accessing health, and the acceptability of the psychosocial intervention. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the paediatrics outpatient department of Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. The study started in December 2009 and completed in December 2010. Women with maternal depression, aged 18-44 years with children aged 0-30 mo who had received nutritional supplements, and participated in the intervention programme [called Learning through Play (LTP) plus] were included in the study...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708256/longitudinal-study-shows-that-depression-in-childhood-is-associated-with-a-worse-evolution-of-headaches-in-adolescence
#2
Rémy Amouroux, Céline Rousseau-Salvador, Magdeleine Pillant, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Barbara Tourniaire, Daniel Annequin
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the course of headache diagnosis, headache frequency, anxiety, comorbid depressive symptoms and school absenteeism in adolescents with migraine and tension-type headaches five years after baseline. METHODS: We followed a group of 122 children with a mean age of 10.1 (±1.3) years, with headache from a paediatric migraine centre in Paris who had taken part in a previous study from September 2007 to June 2008. This five-year longitudinal study took place in January to June 2012...
July 14, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629784/-from-paediatric-urological-care-to-adult-urology-assessment-of-a-transition-consultation-for-adolescents
#3
L Even, S Mouttalib, J Moscovici, M Soulie, P Rischmann, X Game, P Galinier, O Bouali
To provide an adequate lifelong urological care in the complex period of adolescence, a transition consultation conducted by a paediatric surgeon and an urologist was developed in our institution. As a real rite of passage, it allows the follow-up and the adapted care of urological conditions, sometimes complex, and permits the transition between childhood and the world of grown-ups. We reported our experience at the Children Hospital of our institution (paediatric surgery and urology departments). During a 6 months period (January-July 2015), forty-five young adults with a mean age of 17...
June 16, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595770/influence-of-breastfeeding-and-iron-status-on-mental-and-psychomotor-development-during-the-first-year-of-life
#4
Cristina Jardí, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Josefa Canals, Victoria Arija, Cristina Bedmar, Núria Voltas, Núria Aranda
Breastfeeding (BF) confers numerous benefits on the developing infant in both the short and the long term including psychological development, but there are multiple other factors that must be taken into account when these relationships are studied. To analyse how breastfeeding during the first 4 months of life affects infant mental and psychomotor development (MPD) at 6 and 12 months in a group of healthy infants from a Mediterranean Spanish city considering many important potential confounds. This is a longitudinal study conducted on infants from birth until the age of 12 months...
June 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581533/gastrointestinal-complications-and-refeeding-guidelines-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
REVIEW
Żaneta Malczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Oświęcimska
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is the third most common disorder, after obesity and asthma, in the population of adolescents between 13-18 years of age. Food intake reduction is associated with whole body dysfunction, affecting its physical, psychological and social spheres. As a result of starvation, dysfunction develops in virtually all systems and organs. However, most frequently patients with AN complain of digestive symptoms, such as a feeling of fullness after meals, pain in the upper abdomen, dysphagia, nausea, bloating and constipation...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573814/retrospective-review-of-consecutive-cases-of-paediatric-complex-pain-in-a-new-south-wales-tertiary-children-s-hospital
#6
Elizabeth A Kepreotes, Susan M Lord
AIM: Prior to July 2013, a solo medical specialist provided a pain management service 1.5-2 days/week to children and young people aged 0-19 years, and their families at John Hunter Children's Hospital, Newcastle, NSW. A new multidisciplinary children's complex pain team now continues that service. This study aimed to identify the demographic and clinical characteristics of children, young people and their families referred to a paediatric pain specialist in the 5.5 years prior to the establishment of a multidisciplinary service and to quantify anecdotal observations, determine service priorities and identify clinical improvement opportunities...
June 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567190/experiences-of-caregivers-of-infants-who-have-been-on-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-at-queen-elizabeth-central-hospital-malawi-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#7
Mtisunge Joshua Gondwe, Belinda Gombachika, Maureen D Majamanda
BACKGROUND: An innovative, low-cost bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) device has recently been introduced in Malawi for the treatment of respiratory distress in infants. While this novel bCPAP system has been shown to be safe and effective in reducing infant mortality, caregivers' experiences have not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences of parents and guardians of infants who had been on bCPAP at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre, Malawi...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531419/current-practices-and-experience-of-transition-of-young-people-on-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-pn-to-adult-services-a-perspective-from-specialist-centres
#8
E Kyrana, S V Beath, S Gabe, M Small, S Hill
BACKGROUND: There has been an estimated fivefold increase in the number of children receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) at home in the past 10 years with some children approaching the age when they should be referred to adult services whilst still on treatment. Models of care for moving young people onto adult providers of PN at home are not yet well developed, and transition is a potentially dangerous time for young people with complex health needs. METHODS: A questionnaire to ascertain current experience and practices of transition in the context of home PN services was dispatched to 170 consultant gastroenterologists who were members of the British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN) and also to all 40 members of the Nutrition and IF working group of the British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (BSPGHAN)...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521373/paediatric-medicines-regulatory-and-scientific-issues
#9
Chrysa Daousani, Vangelis D Karalis
In the past, dosage regimens authorized for adults were extrapolated to children relying mainly on empirical dosage adjustments. However, children are not small adults, but a distinct and heterogeneous group in terms of physiology, disease occurrence, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and also psychological, cognitive, and behavioral aspects. Even though it would be helpful to know the physiological changes and the special drug treatment needs in children, this task could not be performed due to ethical reasons...
July 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501462/ray-resection-in-paediatric-population
#10
S Martínez-Álvarez, A Maldonado-Morillo, I Vara-Patudo, C Martínez-González, C Miranda-Gorozarri
AIM: Evaluation of clinical and functional outcome of ray resection in paediatric population and description of key aspects of surgical technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing surgery between 2010-2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA: one or more ray resections of the hand and a minimum of one year follow-up. Evaluation of clinical characteristics, functional and cosmetic results, complications, need for psychological support and patient or family satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488289/adversity-and-resilience-amongst-resettling-western-australian-paediatric-refugees
#11
Gemma Hanes, Lydia Sung, Raewyn Mutch, Sarah Cherian
AIM: Cumulative adverse childhood experiences have long-term consequences and may manifest within and influence health, educational and psychosocial domains. The Princess Margaret Hospital Refugee Health Service (RHS) undertakes multidisciplinary screening of refugee children <16 years, allowing standardised identification of negative childhood experiences. Addition of the extended Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 2014 aimed to augment psychological assessment of this cohort...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432088/gps-and-paediatric-oncology-palliative-care-a-q-methodological-study
#12
Sue Neilson, Faith Gibson, Stephen Jeffares, Sheila M Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods study set in the West Midlands region of the UK demonstrates the effectiveness of Q methodology in examining general practitioners' (GPs') perception of their role in children's oncology palliative care. METHODS: Using data obtained from the analysis of semistructured interviews with GPs who had cared for a child receiving palliative care at home and bereaved parents, 50 statements were identified as representative of the analysis findings...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419661/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stabilises-glycaemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-outcomes-from-a-randomised-control-trial
#13
Christina Wei, Ruth J Allen, Patricia M Tallis, Fiona J Ryan, Linda P Hunt, Julian Ph Shield, Elizabeth C Crowne
BACKGROUND: To compare the impact of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with non-directive supportive counselling (NDC) on glycaemic control and psychological well-being in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants aged 11 to 16 years with T1DM (duration ≥1 year) from 4 UK-based paediatric diabetes centres were randomised to receive either 6 weekly sessions of 1-to-1 CBT (n = 43) or NDC (n = 42), with 2 further sessions at 6 and 12 months...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388947/prevalence-of-and-barriers-to-the-disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-a-district-of-ghana
#14
Eric Gyamfi, Paul Okyere, Acheampong Enoch, Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong
BACKGROUND: Globally there are about 3.3million children under the age of 15 years living with HIV. Of this number, 88% live in sub-Saharan Africa. In Ghana, an estimated 33,000 children were said to be living with the HIV infection in 2012. Lack of disclosure adversely affects the well-being of the child, including access to paediatric HIV treatment and care and adherence to treatment. However, the greatest psychosocial challenges that parents and caregivers of HIV-infected children face is disclosure of HIV status to their infected children...
April 8, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386399/development-of-research-priorities-in-paediatric-pain-and-palliative-care
#15
Christina Liossi, Anna-Karenia Anderson, Richard F Howard
Priority setting for healthcare research is as important as conducting the research itself because rigorous and systematic processes of priority setting can make an important contribution to the quality of research. This project aimed to prioritise clinical therapeutic uncertainties in paediatric pain and palliative care in order to encourage and inform the future research agenda and raise the profile of paediatric pain and palliative care in the United Kingdom. Clinical therapeutic uncertainties were identified and transformed into patient, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO) format and prioritised using a modified Nominal Group Technique...
February 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#16
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334433/dietary-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#17
REVIEW
Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alice E Martin, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review, last published in 2009 (Huertas-Ceballos 2009). Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), including children with irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting between 4% and 25% of school-aged children. For the majority of such children, no organic cause for their pain can be found on physical examination or investigation. Many dietary inventions have been suggested to improve the symptoms of RAP. These may involve either excluding ingredients from the diet or adding supplements such as fibre or probiotics...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329430/maintaining-family-life-balance-while-facing-a-child-s-imminent-death-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco
AIM: To understand parents' experiences and needs during a child's end-of-life care at home and to identify systemic factors that influence its provision. BACKGROUND: A child's end-of-life phase is an extremely difficult time for the whole family. Parents have specific needs, especially when they care for a dying child at home. DESIGN: Concurrent embedded mixed methods design. METHODS: This sub-study of the nationwide survey, 'Paediatric End-of-Life Care Needs in Switzerland' (2012-2015) included 47 children who received EOL care at home from 2011-2012...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326599/functional-dyspepsia-is-associated-with-duodenal-eosinophilia-in-an-australian-paediatric-cohort
#19
L Wauters, S Nightingale, N J Talley, B Sulaiman, M M Walker
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia (FD) remains unknown. Duodenal eosinophil infiltration has been reported. AIM: To assess the association between dyspeptic symptoms and duodenal eosinophilia in children undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, children with normal upper endoscopy and routine histology at a single tertiary paediatric centre between 2010 and 2014 were included...
May 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262913/pharmacological-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#20
REVIEW
Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children at some stage complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) of sufficient severity to interfere with their daily lives. When no clear organic cause is found, the children are managed with reassurance and simple measures; a large range of pharmacological interventions have been recommended for use in these children. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions for RAP in children of school age...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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