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Infant mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337007/postnatal-post-traumatic-stress-an-integrative-review
#1
Madeleine Simpson, Virginia Schmied, Cathy Dickson, Hannah Grace Dahlen
PROBLEM: Post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms following birth occur amongst a small proportion of women but can lead to poor maternal mental health, impairment in mother-infant bonding and relationship stress. This integrative review aims to examine the associated risk factors and women's own experiences of postnatal post-traumatic stress in order to better understand this phenomenon. METHOD: Fifty three articles were included and critically reviewed using the relevant Critical Appraisal Skills Program checklists or Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology assessment tool...
January 11, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317013/development-of-materials-to-support-parents-whose-babies-cry-excessively-findings-and-health-service-implications
#2
Jaqui Long, Charlotte Powell, Deborah Bamber, Rosemary Garratt, Jayne Brown, Sue Dyson, Ian St James-Roberts
Aim To develop evidence-based materials which provide information and support for parents who are concerned about their baby's excessive crying. As well as meeting these parents' needs, the aim was to develop a package of materials suitable for use by the UK National Health Service (NHS). BACKGROUND: Parents report that around 20% of infants in Western countries cry excessively without an apparent reason during the first four months of age. Traditionally, research has focused on the crying and its causes...
January 10, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314518/adult-consequences-of-prenatal-drug-exposure
#3
Ju Lee Oei
Maternal drug use is not new but over the last few decades, the number of mothers using drugs of addiction has escalated to epidemic levels. These drugs are both legal (e.g. prescription medication) and illegal (e.g. heroin) and all will cross the placental barrier into the developing infant. The most immediate and obvious consequence of intra-uterine drug exposure is newborn withdrawal or the Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) which is now, with prompt recognition and treatment, an uncommon cause of neonatal death...
January 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306559/differential-associations-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-maternal-health
#4
Nicole M Racine, Sheri L Madigan, Andre R Plamondon, Sheila W McDonald, Suzanne C Tough
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined whether three distinct antecedent factors related to maternal adverse childhood experiences were differentially associated with maternal health and psychosocial outcomes in the antepartum period. It was hypothesized that all three adverse childhood experience factors would be positively associated with poor health prior to pregnancy, poor reproductive health history, and health complications and psychosocial difficulties during pregnancy. METHODS: Data from 1,994 women (mean age=30...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304780/the-influence-of-maternal-psychosocial-circumstances-and-physical-environment-on-the-risk-of-severe-wasting-in-rural-gambian-infants-a-mixed-methods-approach
#5
Helen M Nabwera, Sophie E Moore, Martha K Mwangome, Sassy C Molyneux, Momodou K Darboe, Nyima Camara-Trawally, Bakary Sonko, Alhagie Darboe, Seedy Singhateh, Anthony J Fulford, Andrew M Prentice
BACKGROUND: Severe wasting affects 16 million under 5's and carries an immediate risk of death. Prevalence remains unacceptably high in sub-Saharan Africa and early infancy is a high-risk period. We aimed to explore risk factors for severe wasting in rural Gambian infants. METHODS: We undertook a case-control study from November 2014 to June 2015, in rural Gambia. Cases had WHO standard weight-for-length z-scores (WLZ) < -3 on at least 1 occasion in infancy...
January 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301343/the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-environmental-stressors-and-supports
#6
Kristen G Williams, Kayla T Patel, Julie M Stausmire, Christy Bridges, Mary W Mathis, Jennifer L Barkin
The relationship between maternal mental health and infant development has been established in the literature. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a particularly challenging environment for new mothers as several natural processes are disrupted. The objective of this study is to elucidate protective factors and environmental deficits associated with the NICU. The experiences of forty-six (n = 46) mothers of infants admitted to a Level III NICU in the Midwestern United States, who responded to a related open-ended question, were analyzed thematically...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301007/low-birth-weight-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-exposed-uninfected-infants-in-bronx-new-york
#7
Jasmeen S Dara, David B Hanna, Kathryn Anastos, Rodney Wright, Betsy C Herold
Background: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been highly successful. However, HIV-exposed uninfected (HIV-EU) infants might be at increased risk for low birth weight and/or preterm birth. We compared the birth weights and gestational ages of HIV-EU infants to those of HIV-unexposed control infants in Bronx, New York, an epicenter of the HIV epidemic in the United States. Methods: This study was performed with a retrospective cohort of HIV-EU infants born at Montefiore Medical Center between 2008 and 2012 and HIV-unexposed control infants...
December 30, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285632/infant-health-and-future-childhood-adversity
#8
Nancy E Reichman, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Manuel E Jiménez
Objective To investigate the extent to which disabling infant health conditions are associated with adverse childhood experiences at age 5. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national urban birth cohort. We estimated logistic regression models of associations between the presence of a disabling infant health condition and the child's ACE exposures at age 5, controlling for factors that preceded the child's birth, including the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, mental illness, and substance abuse and the parents' criminal justice system involvement and domestic violence or sexual abuse...
December 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283178/implementation-of-an-evidenced-based-parenting-program-in-a-community-mental-health-setting
#9
Monica Roosa Ordway, Thomas J Mcmahon, Lourdes De Las Heras Kuhn, Nancy E Suchman
The process of mental health intervention implementation with vulnerable populations is not well-described in the literature. The authors worked as a community-partnered team to adapt and pilot an empirically supported intervention program for mothers of infants and toddlers in an outpatient mental health clinic that primarily serves a low-income community. We used qualitative ethnographic methods to document the adaption of an evidence-based intervention, Mothering from the Inside Out, and the pilot implementation in a community mental health clinic...
December 28, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281747/understanding-the-connection-between-attachment-trauma-and-maternal-self-efficacy-in-depressed-mothers
#10
Natalie Brazeau, Samantha Reisz, Deborah Jacobvitz, Carol George
Maternal self-efficacy predicts sensitive and responsive caregiving. Low maternal self-efficacy is associated with a higher incidence of postpartum depression. Maternal self-efficacy and postpartum depression can both be buffered by social support. Maternal self-efficacy and postpartum depression have both been linked independently, albeit in separate studies, to the experience of violent trauma, childhood maltreatment, and spousal abuse. This study proposed a model in which postpartum depression mediates the relation between attachment trauma and maternal self-efficacy, with emotional support as a moderator...
December 27, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244628/the-neurobiology-of-attachment-from-infancy-to-clinical-outcomes
#11
Joanna Chambers
Attachment theory was developed by John Bowlby in the 1950s. He defined attachment as a specific neurobiological system that resulted in the infant connecting to the primary caretaker in such a way to create an inner working model of relationships that continues throughout life and affects the future mental health and physical health of the infant. Given the significance of this inner working model, there has been a tremendous amount of research done in animals as well as humans to better understand the neurobiology...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244205/adding-circle-of-security-parenting-to-treatment-as-usual-in-three-swedish-infant-mental-health-clinics-effects-on-parents-internal-representations-and-quality-of-parent-infant-interaction
#12
Pia Risholm Mothander, Catarina Furmark, Kerstin Neander
This study presents effects of adding Circle of Security-Parenting (COS-P) to an already established comprehensive therapeutic model for early parent-child intervention in three Swedish infant mental health (IMH) clinics. Parents' internal representations and quality of parent-infant interaction were studied in a clinical sample comprised of 52 parent-infant dyads randomly allocated to two comparable groups. One group consisted of 28 dyads receiving treatment as usual (TAU) supplemented with COS-P in a small group format, and another group of 24 dyads receiving TAU only...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240527/depressive-symptom-prevalence-and-predictors-in-the-first-half-of-pregnancy
#13
Patricia Anne Kinser, Leroy R Thacker, Dana Lapato, Sara Wagner, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Lisa Jobe-Shields, Ananda Amstadter, Timothy P York
INTRODUCTION: Major depression during the peripartum (MDP) period carries significant public health impact due to the potential adverse effects on maternal, infant, and family outcomes. METHODS: As part of a larger longitudinal study, this cross-sectional observational study sought to build upon the current literature on the prevalence and predictors of depression in the early second trimester of pregnancy, as related to generally accepted risk factors and other less explored risk factors...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236790/screening-for-mental-health-problems-in-preschoolers-at-primary-health-care-settings
#14
Raquel Godinho Hokama Dos Santos, Eloisa Helena Rubelo Valler Celeri
OBJECTIVE: To study the applicability of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ 2,4-p) as a screening tool for mental health problems in preschoolers, in the context of Primary Health Care; to evaluate the mental health problems of the sample, comparing data from SDQ (2,4-p) and from the Child Behavior Check List (CBCL 1½-5 years). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study with a convenience sample of 31-50-month-old children, whose caretakers provided informational reports...
December 7, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217937/are-past-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-currently-pregnant-women
#15
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Rosa Alati, Steve Kisely, Jake Moses Najman
Background: There has been a great deal of concern about the mental health of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, termination of a pregnancy (ToP), child death or where a child has been given up for adoption. Despite this concern there has been remarkably little population-based research which has addressed the long-term consequences of pregnancy loss and child death. This study investigated the maternal mental health consequences of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, ToP, child death or where a child has been given up for adoption at two different time points, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and baseline mental health...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216238/mother-infant-interaction-assessment-at-discharge-and-at-6-months-in-a-french-cohort-of-infants-born-very-preterm-the-olimpe-study
#16
Gilles Cambonie, Jean-Baptiste Muller, Virginie Ehlinger, Joël Roy, Antoine Guédeney, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, Corine Alberge, Sophie Denizot, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Catherine Arnaud
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim was to investigate the feasibility of assessing mother-infant interactions at discharge and at 6 months infant corrected age in singletons born before 32 weeks of gestation. The secondary aims were to describe these interactions and their disorders, explore the association between maternal emotional state and the interactions, and assess the relationship between disordered interactions and infant social withdrawal behaviour. METHODS: OLIMPE is an ancillary study of the population-based study EPIPAGE 2, which recruited preterm neonates in France in 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210501/women-s-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#17
REVIEW
Holly Hadfield, Anja Wittkowski
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious maternal disorder that can have adverse effects on maternal and infant health. The importance of offering effective and acceptable treatments is well recognized, particularly given the numerous barriers women in many settings face in accessing interventions for PPD. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize qualitative research exploring women's experiences of professional psychological and psychosocial support for PPD. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in April 2017 by searching 5 electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203503/multicentre-prospective-randomised-single-blind-controlled-study-protocol-of-the-effect-of-an-additional-parent-administered-sensorimotor-stimulation-on-neurological-development-of-preterm-infants-primebrain
#18
Karine Pelc, Irit Daniel, Bernard Wenderickx, Bernard Dan
INTRODUCTION: Preterm and very low birthweight infants are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders, including cerebral palsy, sensory impairment and intellectual disability. Several early intervention approaches have been designed in the hope of optimising neurological development in this context. It seems important that the intervention takes into account parental mental health, focuses on parent-child interactions and lasts sufficiently long. This study aims to evaluate the effects of a stimulation programme administered by parents until 6 months post-term on motor and neurophysiological development of infants born preterm...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203293/association-between-prenatal-exposure-to-organochlorine-pesticides-and-the-mental-and-psychomotor-development-of-infants-at-ages-6-and-18-months-the-hokkaido-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health
#19
Keiko Yamazaki, Atsuko Araki, Sonomi Nakajima, Chihiro Miyashita, Tamiko Ikeno, Sachiko Itoh, Machiko Minatoya, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Futoshi Mizutani, Yoichi Chisaki, Reiko Kishi
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are environmental contaminants that persist in the environment and bioaccumulate through the food chain in humans and animals. Although previous studies have shown an association between prenatal OCP exposure and subsequent neurodevelopment, the levels of OCPs included in these studies were inconsistent. A hospital-based prospective birth cohort study was conducted to examine the associations between prenatal exposure to relatively low levels of OCPs and neurodevelopment in infants at 6 (n=164) and 18 (n=115)months of age...
December 1, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198051/doula-services-within-a-healthy-start-program-increasing-access-for-an-underserved-population
#20
Mary-Powel Thomas, Gabriela Ammann, Ellen Brazier, Philip Noyes, Aletha Maybank
PURPOSE: Women of color in the United States, particularly in high-poverty neighborhoods, experience high rates of poor birth outcomes, including cesarean section, preterm birth, low birthweight, and infant mortality. Doula care has been linked to improvements in many perinatal outcomes, but women of color and low-income women often face barriers in accessing doula support. DESCRIPTION: To address this issue, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Healthy Start Brooklyn introduced the By My Side Birth Support Program in 2010...
December 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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