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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#1
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775993/postnatal-psychosocial-assessment-and-clinical-decision-making-a-descriptive-study
#2
Deborah Sims, Cathrine Fowler
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe experienced child and family health nurses' clinical decision-making during a postnatal psychosocial assessment. BACKGROUND: Maternal emotional wellbeing in the postnatal year optimises parenting and promotes infant development. Psychosocial assessment potentially enables early intervention and reduces the risk of a mental disorder occurring during this time of change. Assessment accuracy, and the interventions used are determined by the standard of nursing decision-making...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772468/understanding-child-protection-decisions-involving-parents-with-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse
#3
Joseph N Roscoe, Bridgette Lery, Jaclyn E Chambers
Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making® assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsafe in the home...
May 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767714/comparing-postnatal-development-of-gonadal-hormones-and-associated-social-behaviors-in-rats-mice-and-humans
#4
Margaret R Bell
Postnatal development includes dramatic changes in gonadal hormones and the many social behaviors they help regulate, both in rodents and humans. Parental care-seeking is the most salient social interaction in neonates and infants, play and pro-social behaviors are commonly studied in juveniles, and the development of aggression and sexual behavior begins in peripubertal stages but continues through late adolescence into adulthood. While parental behaviors are shown after reproductive success in adulthood, alloparenting behaviors are actually high in juveniles as well...
May 14, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767439/lessons-learned-and-next-steps-for-building-knowledge-about-tribal-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting
#5
Corrie B Whitmore, Michelle Sarche, Cathy Ferron, John Moritsugu, Jenae G Sanchez
Authors in this Special Issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal shared the work of the first three cohorts of Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees funded by the Administration for Children and Families. Since 2010, Tribal MIECHV grantees have served families and children prenatally to kindergarten entry in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the lower 48 United States and Alaska. Articles highlighted challenges and opportunities that arose as grantees adapted, enhanced, implemented, and evaluated their home-visiting models...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#6
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752225/mindfulness-based-programme-on-the-psychological-health-of-pregnant-women
#7
Wan-Lin Pan, Meei-Ling Gau, Tzu-Ying Lee, Hei-Jen Jou, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzung-Kuen Wen
PROBLEM: Preparation of psychological well-being is an important component of antenatal education for childbirth, but few courses focus on this component. BACKGROUND: The psychosocial health of pregnant women is known to affect perinatal outcomes. Psychosocial stress in women has been associated with increased obstetric interventions and has been shown to affect the health of both mother and child. AIM: To explore the efficacy of an eight-week Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme on reducing prenatal stress, depression, mindfulness, and childbirth self-efficacy...
May 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751424/prenatal-mercury-exposure-fish-intake-and-neurocognitive-development-during-first-three-years-of-life-prospective-cohort-mothers-and-children-s-environmental-health-moceh-study
#8
Yeni Kim, Eun-Hee Ha, Hyesook Park, Mina Ha, Yangho Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Eun Jung Lee, Hyesook Kim, Namsoo Chang, Bung-Nyun Kim
OBJECTIVES: In this prospective cohort study, the effects of prenatal Hg exposure on neurocognitive development during the first 3years of life were investigated. METHODS: The maternal blood levels of Hg were assessed during pregnancy and in cord blood. Maternal fish intake was assessed by interviewing the weekly frequency of fish intake during pregnancy. Maternal n-3 and n-6 fatty acid intake was estimated based on 24h recall food intake interview. The mental (MDI) and psychomotor (PDI) development index scores were assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development at 6, 12, 24, 36months of age...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750648/current-status-of-the-congenital-hypothyroidism-neonatal-screening-program-in-adana-province-turkey
#9
Yılmaz Kor, Deniz Kor
BACKGROUND: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a common cause of mental retardation; it has a worldwide incidence ranging from 1:3000 to 1:4500 live births. Predictably, an increase in the reported incidence of primary CH occurs when the cut-off levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone are lowered. We aimed to evaluate the results of a congenital hypothyroidism screening program and current status in this study. METHODS: Analysis results of 1300 infants who were referred to the endocrinology polyclinic because of suspected CH within the scope of the Ministry of Health National Neonatal Screening Program were retrospectively evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745705/course-of-ante-and-postnatal-depressive-symptoms-related-to-mothers-hpa-axis-regulation
#10
Heidemarie Laurent, Sherryl H Goodman, Zachary N Stowe, Meeka Halperin, Faaiza Khan, Dorianne Wright, Benjamin W Nelson, D Jeffrey Newport, James C Ritchie, Catherine Monk, Bettina Knight
Given high health costs of depression during pregnancy and the first postnatal year, it is important to understand mechanisms involved in the emergence and perpetuation of symptoms during this time. In a series of 2 studies, we aim to clarify bidirectional relations between mothers' physiological stress regulation-stress-related activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis-and their course of depressive symptoms. In Study 1, 230 pregnant women recruited from a women's mental health program gave 3 saliva samples in the context of psychosocial stress at 24, 30, and 36-weeks gestation...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742290/contextual-issues-for-implementation-and-evaluation-of-home-visitation-programs-for-american-indian-and-alaska-native-communities-an-introduction-to-the-tribal-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program
#11
EDITORIAL
Douglas Novins, Aleta Meyer, Moushumi Beltangady
Home-visiting programs have become a key component of evidence-based services for pregnant women, new mothers, their infants, and their families. When Congress authorized the Maternal Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) in 2010, it set aside 3% of the $1.5 billion in funding to support home-visiting programs operated by tribes, Tribal MIECHV programs have been funded in 14 states and have served over 3,100 families, providing nearly 55,000 home visits to families at risk for poor child, maternal, and family outcomes...
May 9, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738509/dietary-acid-load-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-results-from-the-giniplus-and-lisa-birth-cohort-studies
#12
Judith Bühlmeier, Carla Harris, Sibylle Koletzko, Irina Lehmann, Carl-Peter Bauer, Tamara Schikowski, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Joachim Heinrich, Johannes Hebebrand, Manuel Föcker, Marie Standl, Lars Libuda
High dietary acid load may have detrimental effects on mental health during childhood and adolescence. We examined cross-sectional and prospective associations of dietary acid load and mental health problems in a population-based sample, using data from the German birth cohort studies GINIplus (German Infant Nutritional Intervention plus environmental and genetic influences on allergy development) and LISA (Influences of lifestyle-related factors on the immune system and the development of allergies in childhood)...
May 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733982/the-giving-parents-support-study-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-parent-navigator-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-after-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#13
Cara L Carty, Lamia M Soghier, Katherine I Kritikos, Lisa K Tuchman, Michelle Jiggetts, Penny Glass, Randi Streisand, Karen R Fratantoni
Parents of infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience increased anxiety and stress, which may persist after discharge. The rationale and design of a randomized clinical trial assessing the impact of a 1-year, post-discharge, peer support intervention (parent navigation) on parental mental health and infant health care utilization is described. Qualitative methods guided the adaptation of an existing parent support program to target emotional and resource-related needs of NICU families...
May 4, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728866/pregnancy-in-women-with-psychotic-disorders-risk-factors-associated-with-mother-baby-separation
#14
Agathe Cès, Bruno Falissard, Nine M C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Florence Gressier
Pregnancy in women suffering from psychotic disorders is becoming more common. However, this psychiatric disorder is linked to the highest risk of early mother and child separation. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors associated with these separations. In an observational, naturalist, and multicentric study, 320 women suffering from a psychotic disorder and jointly hospitalized with their child in one of the sixteen mother-baby units (MBUs) in France and Belgium between 2001 and 2010 were assessed for risk factors associated with mother-child separation...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719923/application-of-empirical-mode-decomposition-to-mother-and-infant-physical-activity
#15
Etsuko Shimizu, Toru Nakamura, Jinhyuk Kim, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Yoshiharu Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: The mutual dependencies between mother and infant circadian rhythms are important for examining disturbances of maternal circadian rhythms, which are considered substantial risk factors for the development of maternal depression during childrearing periods. OBJECTIVES: We characterized the mutual dependencies of maternal-infant circadian rhythms by an index of synchronization properties and then tested the hypothesis that such an index, specifically the instantaneous phase differences between their rhythms, is associated with maternal mental health...
May 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700867/characteristics-and-service-needs-of-women-and-babies-admitted-to-residential-parenting-units-in-new-south-wales-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Holly Priddis, Charlene Thornton, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Jane Tooher, Marie Dickinson, Hannah Grace Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the characteristics and service needs of women and babies admitted to Residential Parenting Services (RPS) in the first year following birth in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. BACKGROUND: In Australia there is a tiered system to support maternal, child and family health, which includes residential parenting services (RPS). DESIGN: Sequential explanatory mixed methods design. METHODS: Individual patient data were obtained from a random review of 10% of all medical records (n = 300 of 3011 admissions) of women with an infant of less than 12 months of age who were admitted to RPS in 2013...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671666/psychiatric-admission-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-schizophrenia-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#17
Elly Lorraine Harris, Jacqueline Frayne, Suzanna Allen, Kanni Renganathan, Thinh Ngoc Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: The mental health and wellbeing of pregnant women with schizophrenia is an area of research interest. We aim to explore this relationship particularly in regards to psychiatric admission rates, timing and their associated contributing factors. METHODS: A total of 98 pregnancies to women with schizophrenia, who attended a specialist antenatal clinic and delivered from July 2007 to February 2016, were retrospectively examined. The cohort was divided into two groups based on psychiatric admission...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669175/antidepressants-for-preventing-postnatal-depression
#18
REVIEW
Emma Molyneaux, Laurence A Telesia, Carol Henshaw, Elizabeth Boath, Eleanor Bradley, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in the postnatal period and can lead to adverse effects on the infant and wider family, in addition to the morbidity for the mother. It is not clear whether antidepressants are effective for the prevention of postnatal depression and little is known about possible adverse effects for the mother and infant, particularly during breastfeeding. This is an update of a Cochrane Review last published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antidepressant medication for the prevention of postnatal depression, in comparison with any other treatment, placebo or standard care...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667697/resources-for-psychiatric-clinicians-working-with-breastfeeding-mothers
#19
Nancy M Terres
In today's health care-focused climate, in which encouraging breastfeeding is part of national and international health care initiatives, clinicians in any field should have resources available for breastfeeding mothers. The current article provides information for psychiatric clinicians on how breastfeeding may affect women with psychiatric conditions, the type of lactation counselor likely to be best prepared to collaborate with psychiatric clinicians, and resources available regarding maternal psychiatric medications safe for breastfeeding infants...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667223/mental-health-and-well-being-in-parents-of-excessively-crying-infants-prospective-evaluation-of-a-support-package
#20
C Powell, D Bamber, J Long, R Garratt, J Brown, S Rudge, T Morris, N Bhupendra Jaicim, R Plachcinski, S Dyson, E M Boyle, I St James-Roberts
BACKGROUND: During the first 4 months of age, approximately 20% of infants cry a lot without an apparent reason. Most research has targeted the crying, but the impact of the crying on parents, and subsequent outcomes, need to receive equal attention. This study reports the findings from a prospective evaluation of a package of materials designed to support the well-being and mental health of parents who judge their infant to be crying excessively. The resulting "Surviving Crying" package comprised a website, printed materials, and programme of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy-based support sessions delivered to parents by a qualified practitioner...
April 17, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
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