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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314228/untreated-perinatal-paternal-depression-effects-on-offspring
#1
REVIEW
Salvatore Gentile, Maria Luigia Fusco
Transition to parenthood represents an important life event which increases vulnerability to psychological disorders. Aim of this article is to analyze all studies which investigated the effects of untreated perinatal paternal depression in offspring. We searched pertinent, peer-reviewed articles published in English (January 1980 to April 2016) on MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Science.gov. Twenty-three studies met the inclusion criteria. Most of the reviewed studies suffer from methodological limitations, including the small sample, the lack of a structured psychiatric diagnosis, and inclusion bias...
March 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295746/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-pptsd-a-concept-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Julie Vignato, Jane M Georges, Ruth A Bush, Cynthia D Connelly
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report an analysis of the concept of perinatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PPTSD). BACKGROUND: Prevalence of PPTSD is rising in the United States, with 9% of the U.S. perinatal population diagnosed with the disorder and an additional 18% being at risk for the condition. Left untreated, adverse maternal-child outcomes result in increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. DESIGN: Concept analysis via Walker and Avant's approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291259/infant-frontal-eeg-asymmetry-in-relation-with-postnatal-maternal-depression-and-parenting-behavior
#3
D J Wen, N N Soe, L W Sim, S Sanmugam, K Kwek, Y-S Chong, P D Gluckman, M J Meaney, A Rifkin-Graboi, A Qiu
Right frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry associates with negative affect and depressed mood, which, among children, are predicted by maternal depression and poor parenting. This study examined associations of maternal depression and maternal sensitivity with infant frontal EEG asymmetry based on 111 mother-6-month-infant dyads. There were no significant effects of postnatal maternal depression or maternal sensitivity, or their interaction, on infant EEG frontal asymmetry. However, in a subsample for which the infant spent at least 50% of his/her day time hours with his/her mother, both lower maternal sensitivity and higher maternal depression predicted greater relative right frontal EEG asymmetry...
March 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284344/are-there-early-inflammatory-biomarkers-that-affect-neurodevelopment-in-infancy
#4
Núria Voltas, Victoria Arija, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Natàlia Ferré, Josefa Canals
Few studies have investigated the relationship between post-natal inflammatory biomarkers at early age and child neurodevelopment outcomes. The main aim of this study was to examine the relationship between IL-6, IL-1β, IL-4 cytokines, as well as cortisol at 6 and 12months of age, and neurodevelopment and psychological problems at 30months of age. The study was conducted on a sample of 51 full-term newborns who were followed up at 6, 12, and 30months of age. Infant neurodevelopment was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II, psychological problems were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist 1...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281303/long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-in-infants-born-at-term
#5
REVIEW
Bonny Jasani, Karen Simmer, Sanjay K Patole, Shripada C Rao
BACKGROUND: The long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) are considered essential for maturation of the developing brain, retina and other organs in newborn infants. Standard infant milk formulae are not supplemented with LCPUFA; they contain only alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid, from which formula-fed infants must synthesise their own DHA and AA, respectively. Over the past few years, some manufacturers have added LCPUFA to formula milk and have marketed these products as providing an advantage for the overall development of full-term infants...
March 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280395/residential-greenness-current-perspectives-on-its-impact-on-maternal-health-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Rachel F Banay, Carla P Bezold, Peter James, Jaime E Hart, Francine Laden
Recent research in environmental epidemiology has attempted to estimate the effects of exposure to nature, often operationalized as vegetation, on health. Although many analyses have focused on vegetation or greenness with regard to physical activity and weight status, an incipient area of interest concerns maternal health and birth outcomes. This paper reviews 14 studies that examined the association between greenness and maternal or infant health. Most studies were cross-sectional and conducted in birth cohorts...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275997/caring-by-numbers-evaluation-of-inconsistencies-and-incompleteness-in-the-reporting-of-racial-and-ethnic-data
#7
Beth Marie Hartzler, Angela Snyder
Significant health disparities throughout the lifespan have long been evident within the American, non-White population. These differences include increased incidence of infant mortality, childhood hospitalization, diabetes, mental and behavioral health problems, cardiovascular disease, and late-stage cancer diagnoses. These types of disparities could be addressed by identifying those individuals at greatest risk for chronic disease or higher mortality rates and improving their health literacy and access to care...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263724/resilience-in-mothers-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-hospitalized-in-the-nicu
#8
Beverly Rossman, Michelle M Greene, Amanda L Kratovil, Paula P Meier
OBJECTIVE: To develop the theme of Resilience of mothers of very-low-birth-weight infants in the NICU from a qualitative study on maternal role attainment. DESIGN: Secondary analysis using retrospective interpretation, that is, the further development and refinement of content related to resilience that was identified in the original data. SETTING: A tertiary NICU in Chicago. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three English-speaking, predominantly single (74%), minority (Black [57%], Hispanic [17%]), low-income (78%), primiparous (78%) mothers of very-low-birth-weight infants...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241419/the-effects-of-iodine-fortified-milk-on-the-iodine-status-of-lactating-mothers-and-infants-in-an-area-with-a-successful-salt-iodization-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Pantea Nazeri, Parvin Mirmiran, Zhale Tahmasebinejad, Mehdi Hedayati, Hossein Delshad, Fereidoun Azizi
Iodine deficiency during the first two years of life may cause irreversible brain damage and mental retardation. The aim of the present study was to investigate, for the first time, the effect of iodine fortified milk on the iodine status of lactating mothers and their infants. In this multicenter randomized controlled trial, 84 lactating mother-infant pairs from health care centers were randomly selected. After meeting the inclusion criteria, lactating mothers were randomly assigned to two groups: the iodine fortified milk group and the control group (n = 42 each)...
February 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237375/maternal-mental-health-and-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge-readiness-in-mothers-of-preterm-infants
#10
Elisabeth C McGowan, Nan Du, Katheleen Hawes, Richard Tucker, Melissa O'Donnell, Betty Vohr
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between maternal mental health disorders (MHDs) and discharge readiness for mothers of infants born preterm (<37 weeks). We hypothesized that mothers with a history of MHDs would report decreased perceptions of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge readiness compared with mothers without a history. STUDY DESIGN: Mothers of infants born preterm in the NICU >5 days between 2012 and 2015 and participating in a transition home program completed a discharge readiness questionnaire measuring perceptions of staff support, infant well-being (medical stability), maternal well-being (emotional readiness/competency), and maternal comfort (worry about infant)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236394/special-considerations-in-neonatal-mechanical-ventilation
#11
REVIEW
Stacey Dalgleish, Linda Kostecky, Irina Charania
Care of infants supported with mechanical ventilation is complex, time intensive, and requires constant vigilance by an expertly prepared health care team. Current evidence must guide nursing practice regarding ventilated neonates. This article highlights the importance of common language to establish a shared mental model and enhance clear communication among the interprofessional team. Knowledge regarding the underpinnings of an open lung strategy and the interplay between the pathophysiology and individual infant's response to a specific ventilator strategy is most likely to result in a positive clinical outcome...
December 2016: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#12
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212519/early-calibration-of-the-hpa-axis-by-maternal-psychopathology
#13
Heidemarie Laurent
Given the central role of stress-responsive neurophysiology in mental and physical health, it is important to understand how particular patterns of stress responsivity may become entrained by the early caregiving environment. In this study we investigated links between maternal depression and anxiety symptom profiles and within-infant development of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses from 6 to 18 months of life. Associations with infant cognitive and social-emotional development were also tested to gauge the adjustment implications of HPA response trajectories...
February 1, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196546/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-depression-related-healthcare-access-in-mothers-of-9-month-old-infants-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#14
S M Cruise, R Layte, M Stevenson, D O'Reilly
AIMS: Untreated maternal depression during the postpartum period can have a profound impact on the short- and long-term psychological and physical well-being of children. There is, therefore, an imperative for increased understanding of the determinants of depression and depression-related healthcare access during this period. METHODS: Respondents were 11 089 mothers of 9-month-old infants recruited to the Growing Up in Ireland study. Of this sample, 10 827 had complete data on all relevant variables...
February 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190757/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#15
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182608/prevalence-and-clinical-attributes-of-congenital-microcephaly-new-york-2013-2015
#16
Krishika A Graham, Deborah J Fox, Achala Talati, Cristian Pantea, Laura Brady, Sondra L Carter, Eric Friedenberg, Neil M Vora, Marilyn L Browne, Christopher T Lee
Congenital Zika virus infection can cause microcephaly and other severe fetal neurological anomalies (1). To inform microcephaly surveillance efforts and assess ascertainment sources, the New York State Department of Health and the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene sought to determine the prevalence of microcephaly in New York during 2013-2015, before known importation of Zika virus infections. Suspected newborn microcephaly diagnoses were identified from 1) reports submitted by birth hospitals in response to a request and 2) queries of a hospital administrative discharge database for newborn microcephaly diagnoses...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179482/language-outcomes-at-7-years-early-predictors-and-co-occurring-difficulties
#17
Cristina McKean, Sheena Reilly, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Eileen Cini, Laura Conway, Fallon Cook, Patricia Eadie, Margot Prior, Melissa Wake, Fiona Mensah
OBJECTIVE: To examine at 7 years the language abilities of children, the salience of early life factors and language scores as predictors of language outcome, and co-occurring difficulties METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study of 1910 infants recruited at age 8 to 10 months. Exposures included early life factors (sex, prematurity, birth weight/order, twin birth, socioeconomic status, non-English speaking background,family history of speech/language difficulties); maternal factors (mental health, vocabulary, education, and age); and child language ability at 2 and 4 years...
February 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178041/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#18
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160896/patient-centered-care-to-address-barriers-for-pregnant-women-with-opioid-dependence
#19
REVIEW
Mary Beth Sutter, Sarah Gopman, Lawrence Leeman
Pregnant women affected by substance use often encounter barriers to treatment, including housing insecurity, poverty, mental health issues, social stigma, and access to health care. Providers may lack the resources needed to provide quality care. Clinicians offering prenatal care to women with substance use disorder are encouraged to support family-centered, multidisciplinary care to women and their infants, focusing on harm reduction. Collaboration between providers of maternity care, substance abuse treatment, case management, family primary care, and pediatric developmental care can improve outcomes during pregnancy and through the early years of parenting...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141722/sudden-onset-of-refusal-to-eat-on-waking-after-a-nightmare-in-a-6-year-old-girl
#20
Maria Zaccagnino, Sheila Gahagan, Andrea Spencer, Michael Jellinek, Martin T Stein
Bridgette is a 6-year-old girl, who presented with sudden onset of refusal to eat or drink. The only precipitating event was a nightmare the previous night. She described a dream in which her mother and maternal aunt, dressed as witches, and father and maternal uncle, appearing as bats, wanted to kill her by making her eat and drink from a cauldron. Bridgette stated, "I can't eat anymore, I'm afraid of dying." Bridgette's eating pattern and behavior were described as previously normal. Motor, social, and language milestones were also normal...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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