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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931792/effects-of-prenatal-methylmercury-exposure-from-minamata-disease-to-environmental-health-studies
#1
Mineshi Sakamoto, Takaaki Itai, Katsuyuki Murata
Methylmercury, the causative agent of Minamata disease, can easily penetrate the brain, and adult-type Minamata disease patients showed neurological symptoms according to the brain regions where the neurons, mainly in the cerebrum and cerebellum, were damaged. In addition, fetuses are exposed to methylmercury via the placenta from maternal fish consumption, and high-level exposure to methylmercury causes damage to the brains of infants. Typical patients with fetal-type Minamata disease (i.e., serious poisoning caused by in utero exposure to methylmercury) were born during the period of severe methylmercury pollution in 1955-1959, although they showed no abnormality during gestation nor at delivery...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#2
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#3
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906495/effects-of-a-transition-home-program-on-preterm-infant-emergency-room-visits-within-90-days-of-discharge
#4
B Vohr, E McGowan, L Keszler, M O'Donnell, K Hawes, R Tucker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of a transition home program (THP) and risk factors on emergency room (ER) use within 90 days of discharge for preterm (PT) infants <37 weeks gestation. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective 3-year cohort study of 804 mothers and 954 PT infants. Mothers received enhanced neonatal intensive care unit transition support services until 90 days postdischarge. Regression models were run to identify the effects of THP implementation year and risk factors on ER visits...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904511/the-fantasmatic-and-imaginary-child-of-the-pregnant-woman
#5
Simone Setterberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a period of transition, which makes women more vulnerable and in unfavorable conditions may lead to psychopathology in both mother and infant. It is essential to outline factors adversely affecting the resolution of this period. Early interventions and why they matter: Interventions during pregnancy can provide important improvement in the outcome for both maternal and infant mental health. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk factors of antenatal anxiety and depression focusing particularly on maternal representations of the relationship towards the fetus and her own parents during pregnancy and the early postpartum period...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892598/helping-mothers-with-the-emotional-dysregulation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-their-infants-in-primary-care-settings
#6
Anne Sved Williams, Gisele Apter
BACKGROUND: Six per cent of patients who present to primary care have borderline personality disorder (BPD). Mothers with full or partial features of BPD, often undiagnosed and perhaps previously functioning adequately enough on the surface, may rapidly be-come emotionally dysregulated by the normal needs of an infant. Family and maternal functioning can rapidly destabilise. Management of patients with BPD in primary care may be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this article are to provide primary care practitioners with relevant information on current knowledge of BPD and its management when mothers with BPD are caregivers to an infant...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890000/maternal-drd2-slc6a3-and-oxtr-genotypes-as-potential-moderators-of-the-relation-between-maternal-history-of-care-and-maternal-cortisol-secretion-in-the-context-of-mother-infant-separation
#7
Jaclyn A Ludmer, Brittany Jamieson, Andrea Gonzalez, Robert Levitan, James Kennedy, Vanessa Villani, Mario Masellis, Vincenzo S Basile, Leslie Atkinson
A mother's cortisol secretion is importantly associated with her own mental health and her infant's cortisol secretion. This study investigated the influences of maternal history of care and maternal DRD2, SLC6A3, and OXTR genotypes on maternal cortisol in the context of infant stress. A community sample of 296 mother-infant dyads completed a maternal separation at infant age 17 months. Maternal salivary cortisol, buccal cells, and self-reported history of care were collected. Multilevel models revealed that history of care had a greater influence on maternal baseline cortisol (but not cortisol trajectory) for mothers with more plasticity alleles of SLC6A3 (10R) and OXTR (G), relative to mothers with fewer or no plasticity alleles...
September 7, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889046/a-systematic-review-of-measures-of-mental-health-and-emotional-wellbeing-in-parents-of-children-aged-0-5
#8
REVIEW
Rebecca Webb, Susan Ayers, Camilla Rosan
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of women with young children experience mental health problems and recent research suggests fathers may also be affected. This may have a long term negative impact on the child's development with significant costs to society. Appropriate measures are therefore needed to identify parents and children at risk. METHOD: This literature review aimed to identify the most reliable, evidence based global measures of mental health for parents of infants from pregnancy to 5 years postpartum (0-5 years)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885950/family-characteristics-associated-with-child-maltreatment-across-the-deployment-cycle-of-u-s-army-soldiers
#9
Douglas Strane, Kevin G Lynch, Heather M Griffis, Christine M Taylor, Gerlinde C Harb, Lanyu Mi, Lihai Song, Benjamin French, David M Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Soldier deployment can create a stressful environment for U.S. Army families with young children. Prior research has identified elevated rates of child maltreatment in the 6 months immediately following a soldier's return home from deployment. In this study, we longitudinally examine how other child- and family-level characteristics influence the relationship of deployment to risk for maltreatment of dependent children of U.S. Army soldiers. METHODS: We conducted a person-time analysis of substantiated reports and medical diagnoses of maltreatment among the 73,404 children of 56,087 U...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868664/profile-of-consumers-and-their-partners-of-a-perinatal-and-infant-mental-health-pimh-service-in-australia
#10
Dominiek Coates, Christine Saleeba, Deborah Howe
The perinatal period is a time of great vulnerability for many women, in particular those with a range of psychosocial vulnerabilities and mental health risk factors. This paper outlines the psychosocial and mental health profile of consumers and their partners of a perinatal and infant mental health (PIMH) service in Australia. To establish the consumer profile, we analysed client vulnerabilities and demographical information maintained over a 6-year period for 406 consumers. Consumer information, including mental health problems, psychosocial vulnerabilities and demographical information, was entered into a standalone database by the allocated clinicians upon service allocation and throughout treatment...
September 4, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866000/maternal-characteristics-associated-with-social-support-in-at-risk-mothers-of-premature-infants
#11
Rosemary White-Traut, Krisitin Rankin, Camille Fabiyi, Li Liu, Irene Cheung, Kathleen Norr
OBJECTIVE: To identify maternal characteristics associated with social support among at-risk mothers of premature infants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of intake interview data from a larger randomized controlled trial of a mother-premature infant developmentally based intervention. SETTING: Two urban community-based hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety-four women (50% Black, 50% Hispanic) who recently gave birth to otherwise healthy, premature (29-34 weeks gestational age) infants...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851384/health-related-quality-of-life-in-pregnant-women-living-with-hiv-a-comparison-of-eq-5d-and-sf-12
#12
Xiaowen Wang, Guangping Guo, Ling Zhou, Jiarui Zheng, Xiumin Liang, Zhanqin Li, Hongzhuan Luo, Yuyan Yang, Liyuan Yang, Ting Tan, Jun Yu, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND: This paper investigates the properties and performance of the two generic measures, EQ-5D and SF-12, for Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) assessments of pregnant women living with HIV in Kunming City, Yiliang County, Daguan County, Longchuan County, Tengchong County, Longling County and Fengqing County in Yunnan Province, China. METHODS: As part of a screening programme for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), a retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted in the seven Maternal and Infant Health Care centers in Yunnan Province, China, between April and June of 2016...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846688/effects-of-lay-support-for-pregnant-women-with-social-risk-factors-on-infant-development-and-maternal-psychological-health-at-12-months-postpartum
#13
Emma Popo, Sara Kenyon, Sophie-Anna Dann, Christine MacArthur, Jacqueline Blissett
BACKGROUND: The ELSIPS (Evaluation of Lay Support in Pregnant Women with Social Risk) RCT showed that lay support for women with social risk had a positive effect on maternal mental health and mother-infant bonding. This exploratory study examined whether these observed benefits would impact infant development at 1 year. METHODS: A sub-sample of women whose infants were under one year who had participated in the ELSIPS RCT which randomised women to receive either standard care or the services of a Pregnancy Outreach Worker (POW), and who were contactable, were eligible to participate in the follow up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842856/the-need-for-infant-mental-health-training-for-all-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists
#14
Anne L Benham, John Erik Leikauf, Magdalena Romanowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841089/intimate-partner-violence-small-for-gestational-age-birth-and-cigarette-smoking-in-the-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system
#15
Jeanne L Alhusen, Ruth Geller, Jerry Jellig, Chakra Budhathoki, Michele Decker
BACKGROUND: Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) in the perinatal period is associated with obstetric complications, poor maternal mental health, neonatal complications, and increased risk of infant mortality and morbidity. Less is known about how IPV may influence small for gestational age (SGA) birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained for 231,081 United States mothers who delivered neonates from 2004 to 2011 and completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System survey 2-9 months after delivery...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834602/does-training-in-the-circle-of-security-framework-increase-relational-understanding-in-infant-child-and-family-workers
#16
Catherine McMahon, Anna Huber, Jane Kohlhoff, Anna-Lisa Camberis
This article evaluated whether attendance at Circle of Security training workshops resulted in attendees showing greater empathy and attachment-related knowledge and understanding, and fewer judgmental responses to viewing a stressful parent-child interaction. Participants were 202 practitioners who attended and completed a 2-day (n = 70), 4-day (n = 105), or 10-day (n = 27) COS training workshop in Australia or New Zealand in 2015. In a pre/post design, participant reactions to a video clip of a challenging parent-child interaction were coded for empathic, judgmental, or attachment-focused language...
September 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833619/cost-effective-options-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-gastrointestinal-and-liver-disease-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#17
REVIEW
Ian C Roberts-Thomson, Thomas Lung
The Asia-Pacific region contains more than half of the world's population and is markedly heterogeneous in relation to income levels and the provision of public and private health services. For low-income countries, the major health priorities are child and maternal health. In contrast, priorities for high-income countries include vascular disease, cancer, diabetes, dementia and mental health disorders as well as chronic inflammatory disorders such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Cost-effectiveness analyses are methods for assessing the gains in health relative to the costs of different health interventions...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833515/staff-perceptions-of-challenging-parent-staff-interactions-and-beneficial-strategies-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
Joshua Friedman, Susan Hatters Friedman, Marc Collin, Richard J Martin
AIM: To characterise neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) staff perceptions regarding factors which may lead to more challenging staff-parent interactions, and beneficial strategies for working with families with whom such interactions occur. METHODS: A survey of 168 physician and nursing staff at two NICUs in American teaching hospitals inquired about their perceptions of challenging parent-staff interactions and situations in which such interactions were likely to occur...
August 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833359/paternal-and-maternal-reflective-functioning-in-the-western-australian-peel-child-health-study
#19
Dawson Cooke, Lynn Priddis, Patrick Luyten, Garth Kendall, Robert Cavanagh
While past research on the care of infants has been mostly with mothers, in recent times there has been a renewed attention to the father-infant relationship. This study examined differences between mother and father parental reflective functioning (PRF) or parental mentalizing; that is, the parental capacity to reason about their own and their children's behaviors by taking into consideration intentional mental states. Data were collected from 120 couples with a 1-year-old child who were participants in the West Australian Peel Child Health Study...
August 21, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833322/maternal-trauma-affects-prenatal-mental-health-and-infant-stress-regulation-among-palestinian-dyads
#20
Sanna Isosävi, Safwat Y Diab, Samuli Kangaslampi, Samir Qouta, Saija Kankaanpää, Kaija Puura, Raija-Leena Punamäki
We examined how diverse and cumulated traumatic experiences predicted maternal prenatal mental health and infant stress regulation in war conditions and whether maternal mental health mediated the association between trauma and infant stress regulation. Participants were 511 Palestinian mothers from the Gaza Strip who reported exposure to current war trauma (WT), past childhood emotional (CEA) and physical abuse, socioeconomic status (SES), prenatal mental health problems (posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms), and perceived stress during their secondtrimester of pregnancy as well as infant stress regulation at 4 months...
August 21, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
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