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Infant mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161636/infant-hpa-axis-as-a-potential-mechanism-linking-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-telomere-length
#1
Benjamin W Nelson, Nicholas B Allen, Heidemarie Laurent
Maternal depression has been suggested to be an independent risk factor for both dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) functioning and shorter telomere length in offspring. In contrast, research suggests that individual differences in mindfulness may act as a protective factor against one's own telomere degradation. Currently, research has yet to investigate the association between longitudinal changes in maternal mental health (depressive symptoms and mindfulness) and salivary infant telomere length, and whether such changes might be mediated by alterations in infant cortisol response...
November 18, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158913/an-implementation-effectiveness-hybrid-trial-of-video-based-family-therapy-for-peripartum-depression-in-home-visited-mothers-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-trial
#2
Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Craig L Donnelly, Melony Williams, Jennifer Buteau, Patricia Stolte, Maggie Monroe-Cassel, Martha L Bruce
Background: The Federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (HV) Program serves over 100,000 vulnerable families at risk for child abuse in the USA and aims to improve many outcomes, including maternal mental health (HRSA's Federal Home Visiting Program: partnering with parents to help children succeed, 2017). Most clients are insured by Medicaid, and about 40% are adolescent mothers (pregnant and post-delivery) (The mother and infant home visiting program evaluation: early findings on the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, 2015)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153381/prenatal-tvocs-exposure-negatively-influences-postnatal-neurobehavioral-development
#3
Moonhee Chang, Dongheon Lee, Hyesook Park, Mina Ha, Yun-Chul Hong, Yangho Kim, Boong-Nyun Kim, Yeni Kim, Youn-Hee Lim, Eun-Hee Ha
Prenatal exposure to volatile organic compounds may restrict fetal development and adversely influence infants' life. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between prenatal exposure to total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) and postnatal neurobehavioral development. A subsample of 383 pregnant participants was chosen from the prospective birth cohort study of Mother and Children's Environmental Health Study; MOCEH (N=1,751) from three regions of the Republic of Korea (Seoul, Cheon-an, and Ulsan). Participants were enrolled during their first trimester with informed consent...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148602/nurses-professional-stigma-and-attitudes-towards-postpartum-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#4
Revital Ordan, Ron Shor, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer, Lawrence M Noble, Anita Noble
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine professional stigma and attitudes of parenthood towards postpartum women with severe mental illness and the association between postpartum nurses' attitudes and nursing interventions that promote motherhood. BACKGROUND: Stigma and attitudes toward parenthood of women with severe mental illness may influence nurses' clinical practices. DESIGN: Cross sectional, mixed methods. METHODS: The Stigma among Health Professionals towards People with Severe Mental Illness, Attitudes towards Parenthood among People with Severe Mental Illness and Nursing Interventions that Promote Becoming a Mother Questionnaires were used in the study, as well as qualitative analysis...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145693/early-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Sanjay M Aher
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO), providing a rationale for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to prevent or treat anaemia and to provide neuro protection and protection against necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). Darbepoetin (Darbe) and EPO are currently available ESAs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ESAs (erythropoietin (EPO) and/or Darbe) initiated early (before eight days after birth) compared with placebo or no intervention in reducing red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, adverse neurological outcomes, and feeding intolerance including necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm and/or low birth weight infants...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144190/factors-associated-with-paternal-perinatal-depression-in-fathers-of-newborns-in-nigeria
#6
Olatunde Ayinde, Victor O Lasebikan
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information on paternal postnatal depression in developing countries such as Nigeria. METHODS: This study aims to assess the prevalence of depression in fathers at the birth of their infants and the incidence of paternal postnatal depression at 6 weeks postpartum. We also examined the correlation between paternal postpartum depression (PPD) at 6 weeks and maternal PPD as well as the sociodemographic and other correlates of paternal PPD at 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143536/time-for-a-new-zeitgeist-in-perinatal-mental-health
#7
Fiona Judd, Louise Kathryn Newman, Angela A Komiti
Perinatal depression, and to a lesser extent anxiety, has been the focus of interest for perinatal psychiatrists for several decades. Policy and substantial funding has supported this. We argue that it is now time to change this focus and to invest greater funding to support clinical and research effort in 'high-risk' caregivers and their infants. We define high-risk caregivers as those who are likely to have attachment and relationship difficulties with their infant as a result of their own developmental experiences, personality difficulties and/or trauma-related mental disorders, often complicated by substance abuse, depression and anxiety...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135279/cognitive-testing-of-the-brief-breastfeeding-and-milk-expression-recall-survey
#8
Sarah A Keim, Katie Smith, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank
BACKGROUND: Major U.S. federal maternal and child health surveys collect an infant feeding history for children under 6 years of age using survey questions that have changed little over decades. Yet, infant feeding and lactation practices have changed with the increasing popularity of milk expression (pumping). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted to test the 9-item Brief Breastfeeding and Milk Expression Recall Survey (BaByMERS) with a diverse sample of 15 U...
November 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119665/adults-who-were-born-preterm-with-a-very-low-birth-weight-reported-a-similar-health-related-quality-of-life-to-their-term-born-peers
#9
Johan Björkqvist, Petteri Hovi, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Katri Räikkönen, Kati Heinonen, Anna-Liisa Järvenpää, Johan G Eriksson, Sture Andersson, Eero Kajantie
Approximately 1% of European infants are born preterm with a very low birth weight (VLBW) of less than 1,500g and the first babies born at the threshold of viability who received modern neonatal intensive care are now adults. While most live healthy lives, average VLBW adults tend to have more neurodevelopmental disabilities, lower educational achievement and higher rates of chronic conditions (1). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is defined as a construct of physical, mental and social wellbeing. This article is protected by copyright...
November 8, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118206/social-origins-of-developmental-risk-for-mental-and-physical-illness
#10
Judy L Cameron, Kathie L Eagleson, Nathan A Fox, Takao K Hensch, Pat Levitt
Adversity in early childhood exerts an enduring impact on mental and physical health, academic achievement, lifetime productivity, and the probability of interfacing with the criminal justice system. More science is needed to understand how the brain is affected by early life stress (ELS), which produces excessive activation of stress response systems broadly throughout the child's body (toxic stress). Our research examines the importance of sex, timing and type of stress exposure, and critical periods for intervention in various brain systems across species...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104868/improving-access-to-interventions-among-mothers-screened-positive-for-post-partum-depression-ppd-at-national-programme-on-immunization-npi-clinics-in-south-western-and-south-eastern-nigeria-a-service-development-report
#11
Muideen O Bakare, Mashudat A Bello-Mojeed, Kerim M Munir, Olaniyi O Duduyemi, Andrew O Orovwigho, Odutola I Odetunde, Olufemi G Taiwo, Jushua A Olofinlade, Olakunle N Omotoso, Olayinka H Famurewa, Oladipupo O Omolabi, Adebayo O Jejeloye
We investigate the possibility of improving access to interventions among mothers screened positive for post-partum depression (PPD) at National Programme on Immunization (NPI) clinics randomly selected from Lagos and Enugu States in south-western and south-eastern Nigeria respectively. The principle of human centred design was employed by engaging the mothers screened positive for PPD to be part of the decision making regarding their further assessment and intervention services. The study brought intervention services to primary healthcare centre at the NPI clinics...
2017: Matters (Zur)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098488/paid-maternity-leave-in-the-united-states-associations-with-maternal-and-infant-health
#12
Judy Jou, Katy B Kozhimannil, Jean M Abraham, Lynn A Blewett, Patricia M McGovern
Objectives The United States is one of only three countries worldwide with no national policy guaranteeing paid leave to employed women who give birth. While maternity leave has been linked to improved maternal and child outcomes in international contexts, up-to-date research evidence in the U.S. context is needed to inform current policy debates on paid family leave. Methods Using data from Listening to Mothers III, a national survey of women ages 18-45 who gave birth in 2011-2012, we conducted multivariate logistic regression to predict the likelihood of outcomes related to infant health, maternal physical and mental health, and maternal health behaviors by the use and duration of paid maternity leave...
November 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097124/zika-virus-causes-persistent-infection-in-porcine-conceptuses-and-may-impair-health-in-offspring
#13
Joseph Darbellay, Brian Cox, Kenneth Lai, Mario Delgado-Ortega, Colette Wheler, Donald Wilson, Stewart Walker, Gregory Starrak, Duncan Hockley, Yanyun Huang, George Mutwiri, Andrew Potter, Matthew Gilmour, David Safronetz, Volker Gerdts, Uladzimir Karniychuk
Outcomes of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in pregnant women vary from the birth of asymptomatic offspring to abnormal development and severe brain lesions in fetuses and infants. There are concerns that offspring affected in utero and born without apparent symptoms may develop mental illnesses. Therefore, animal models are important to test interventions against in utero infection and health sequelae in symptomatic and likely more widespread asymptomatic offspring. To partially reproduce in utero infection in humans, we directly inoculated selected porcine conceptuses with ZIKV...
November 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096774/thinking-across-generations-unique-contributions-of-maternal-early-life-and-prenatal-stress-to-infant-physiology
#14
Sarah A O Gray, Christopher W Jones, Katherine P Theall, Erin Glackin, Stacy S Drury
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is a parasympathetic-mediated biomarker of self-regulation linked to lifespan mental and physical health outcomes. Intergenerational impacts of mothers' exposure to prenatal stress have been demonstrated, but evidence for biological embedding of maternal preconception stress, including adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), on infant RSA is lacking. We examine the independent effects of maternal ACEs and prenatal stress on infant RSA, seeking to broaden the understanding of the earliest origins of mental and physical health risk...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096280/paternal-postnatal-depression-in-ireland-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#15
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Paul Corcoran
BACKGROUND: it is well established that fatherhood has a long term positive and protective effect on men's health. However, there is also evidence that the transition to fatherhood can be complex and demanding and can lead to distress, anxiety and increased risk of depression. OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of paternal postnatal depression, and to examine associations with a range of demographic and clinical factors. METHODS: a cross-sectional study design was used to collect primary data from 100 fathers, whose partner gave birth to an infant in the previous 12 months...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084185/maternal-mental-health-disorders-and-reports-to-child-protective-services-a-birth-cohort-study
#16
Ivy Hammond, Andrea Lane Eastman, John M Leventhal, Emily Putnam-Hornstein
Background. Existing literature has documented a strong relationship between parental mental illness and child maltreatment, but little is known about the prevalence of mental illness among childbearing women. In the present study, linked administrative records were used to identify the prevalence of maternal mental health (MH) disorders documented at birth and determine the associated likelihood of maltreatment reports during infancy. Materials and Methods. Vital records for California's 2006 birth cohort were linked to hospital discharge and Child Protective Services (CPS) records...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072385/-medical-clowns-the-triple-value-clown-parent-premature-neonate
#17
REVIEW
Hagit Friedman, Shay Barak, Yelena Chulsky, Shoshi Ofir, Amir Kushnir
The infant's brain develops rapidly during the prenatal and early postnatal period. Temporary new neural circuits appear, such as the sub-cortical plate (SCP). SCP links the thalamus and cortex in a time window of sensory circuits' intensive development, creating the basis for the infant's bonding interactions. SCP activity in premature neonates is vulnerable and hypoxic injury may have a long lasting influence on brain development. Preterm birth is an emotional trauma for the parents and may lead to depression, anxiety and stress...
October 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063585/early-8-days-systemic-postnatal-corticosteroids-for-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#18
REVIEW
Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Cheong, Richard A Ehrenkranz, Henry L Halliday
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains a major problem in neonatal intensive care units. Persistent inflammation in the lungs is the most likely underlying pathogenesis. Corticosteroids have been used to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia because of their potent anti-inflammatory effects. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relative benefits and adverse effects of systemic postnatal corticosteroids commenced within the first seven days of life for preterm infants at risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
October 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058313/the-role-of-social-risk-in-an-early-preventative-care-programme-for-infants-born-very-preterm-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Alicia J Spittle, Karli Treyvaud, Katherine J Lee, Peter J Anderson, Lex W Doyle
AIM: To examine the differential effects of an early intervention programme for infants born preterm on neurodevelopment and parental mental health according to family social risk. METHOD: One hundred and twenty infants born earlier than 30 weeks' gestation were randomized to early intervention (n=61) or control groups (n=59). Cognitive, language, and motor outcomes were assessed by blinded assessors at 2 years, 4 years, and 8 years, and primary caregivers completed questionnaires on their anxiety and depression...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052014/predictive-validity-of-a-service-setting-based-measure-to-identify-infancy-mental-health-problems-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Janni Ammitzbøll, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Bjørn E Holstein, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
Measures to identify infancy mental health problems are essential to guide interventions and reduce the risk of developmental psychopathology in early years. We investigated a new service-setting-based measure the Copenhagen Infant Mental Health Screening (CIMHS) within the general child health surveillance by community health nurses (CHN). The study population of 2973 infants was assessed by CIMHS at age 9-10 months. A subsample of 416 children was examined at age 1½ years, using parent interviews including the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1½-5), Check List of Autism and Toddlers (CHAT), Infant-Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSCL), and the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID) and observations of behavior, communication, and interaction...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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