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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735729/protective-effects-of-flavonoids-isolated-from-korean-milk-thistle-cirsium-japonicum-var-maackii-maxim-matsum-on-tert-butyl-hydroperoxide-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-hepg2-cells
#1
Hyun Ah Jung, Qudeer Ahmed Abdul, Jeong Su Byun, Eun-Ji Joung, Wi-Gyeong Gwon, Min-Sup Lee, Hyeung Rak Kim, Jae Sue Choi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Milk thistle leaves and flowers have been traditionally used as herbal remedy to alleviate liver diseases for decades. Korean milk thistle, Cirsium japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Matsum has been employed in traditional folk medicine as diuretic, antiphlogistic, hemostatic, and detoxifying agents. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of current investigation was to evaluate hepatoprotective properties of the MeOH extract of the roots, stems, leaves and flowers of Korean milk thistle as well as four isolated flavonoids, luteolin, luteolin 5-O-glucoside, apigenin and apigenin 7-O-glucuronide during t-BHP-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720971/determination-of-anthocyanins-and-non-anthocyanin-polyphenols-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry-uplc-esi-ms-in-jussara-euterpe-edulis-extracts
#2
Gláucia S Vieira, Anna S F Marques, Mariana T C Machado, Vanessa M Silva, Miriam D Hubinger
This work aimed to propose two analytical methods for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of major anthocyanins and non-anthocyanin phenolic compounds in jussara (Euterpe edulis) extracts, using ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. These methods were evaluated for selectivity, precision, linearity, detection and quantification limits. The complete separation of 5 anthocyanins and 22 non-anthocyanins polyphenols was achieved in 4.5 and 7 min, respectively. Limits of detection ranged from 0...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707708/identification-and-quantification-of-phenolic-compounds-in-edible-wild-leafy-vegetables-by-uhplc-orbitrap-ms
#3
Elisa Giambanelli, L Filippo D'Antuono, Roberto Romero-González, Antonia Garrido Frenich
BACKGROUND: A recent interest in edible wild leafy vegetables has been documented. Consumers often associate these species to health promotion. In this study several wild species of the Asteraceae family and Knautia integrifolia (Dipsacaceae) were locally documented for their use in traditional cuisine and sampled from the wild. RESULTS: Phenolic compounds were identified and quantified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701046/a-review-of-the-antioxidant-activity-of-celery-apium-graveolens-l
#4
Wesam Kooti, Nahid Daraei
Plants are an important source of natural active products that are different, based on mechanism and biological properties. Celery ( Apium graveolens L) is a plant from the apiaceae family and phenolic and antioxidant compounds of this plant have been studied by several scientists. The aim of this study was to review systematically the antioxidant activity of celery. Required articles were searched from databases such as Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Springer. Keywords used in this study were Apium graveolens L, celery, antioxidant, free radical, leaf, and seed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700031/inhibitory-effect-of-the-pseudobrickellia-brasiliensis-spreng-r-m-king-h-rob-aqueous-extract-on-human-lymphocyte-proliferation-and-ifn-%C3%AE-and-tnf-%C3%AE-production-in-vitro
#5
V G Almeida, B A Avelar-Freitas, M G Santos, L A Costa, T J Silva, W F Pereira, M L L Amorim, C F F Grael, L E Gregório, E Rocha-Vieira, G E A Brito-Melo
Pseudobrickellia brasiliensis (Asteraceae) is a plant commonly known as arnica-do-campo and belongs to the native flora of the Brazilian Cerrado. The alcoholic extract of the plant has been used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine, but the biological mechanism of action has not been elucidated. The present study evaluated the composition of P. brasiliensis aqueous extract and its effects on pro-inflammatory cytokine production and lymphocyte proliferation. The extracts were prepared by sequential maceration of P...
July 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699881/chemical-composition-and-cytotoxicity-of-extracts-of-marjoram-and-rosemary-and-their-activity-against-sporothrix-brasiliensis
#6
Stefanie Bressan Waller, Isabel Martins Madrid, Jéssica Fernanda Hoffmann, Tony Picoli, Marlete Brum Cleff, Fábio Clasen Chaves, Renata Osório de Faria, Mário Carlos Araújo Meireles, João Roberto Braga de Mello
PURPOSE: Motivated by increasing reports of antifungal resistance in human and animal sporotrichosis, this study evaluated the chemical composition, cytotoxicity and anti-Sporothrix brasiliensis activity of extracts of marjoram (Origanum majorana) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). METHODOLOGY: Ten (INF10) and 60 min (INF60) infusions, a decoction and a hydroalcoholic extract (HAE, 70 %) were prepared from both plants (10 % w/v). The extract composition was analysed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and the cytotoxicity was evaluated using a colorimetric assay in canine and feline kidney cells...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694758/safety-assessment-and-antioxidant-activity-of-lantana-montevidensis-leaves-contribution-to-its-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-activity
#7
Luiz Marivando Barros, Antonia Eliene Duarte, Emily Pansera Waczuk, Katiane Roversi, Francisco Assis Bezerra da Cunha, Mirian Rolon, Cathia Coronel, Maria Celeste Vega Gomez, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Aline Augusti Boligon, Waseem Hassan, Diogo Onofre Souza, João Batista Teixeira da Rocha, Jean Paul Kamdem
Lantana camara, the widely studied species, and L. montevidensis, the less studied species of the genus Lantana are both used in traditional medicine for the same purpose (anti-asthma, anti-ulcer, anti-tumor, etc). However, little is known about the toxicity of L. montevidensis and there is limited information on its chemical constituents. Here, we investigated for the first time the genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of the ethanolic (EtOH) and aqueous extracts from the leaves of Lantana montevidensis in human leukocytes, as well as their possible interaction with human erythrocyte membranes in vitro...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680328/anti-allergic-effect-of-luteolin-in-mice-with-allergic-asthma-and-rhinitis
#8
Tae Young Jang, Ah-Yeoun Jung, Tae-Suk Kyung, Dae-Young Kim, Jun-Ha Hwang, Young Hyo Kim
AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to evaluate the anti-allergic effect of luteolin treatment in mice with allergic asthma and rhinitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two BALB/c mice (n = 8 for each group) were used. Mice in group A (nonallergic group) were exposed to saline, while those in Group B (allergic group) were exposed to ovalbumin (OVA) intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection and intranasal (i.n.) challenge. Null treatment group (Group C) received sterile saline (150 μl) i...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663152/catalase-inhibition-an-anti-cancer-property-of-flavonoids-a-kinetic-and-structural-evaluation
#9
Debashis Majumder, Asmita Das, Chabita Saha
Flavonoids are dietary polyphenols that present abundantly in fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids have inhibitory effects on enzymes and catalase is one among them. Catalase is a common enzyme ubiquitously found in all living organisms exposed to oxygen. It catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen (2H2O2→2H2O+O2). Inhibition of pure and cellular catalase from K562 cells by flavonoids was similar and exhibited the following efficacy; Myrecetin>Quercetin>Kaempferol and Quercetin>Luteolin>Apigenin demonstrating structure activity relationship...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655612/luteolin-suppresses-angiogenesis-and-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-through-inhibiting-notch1-vegf-signaling-in-gastric-cancer
#10
Mingde Zang, Lei Hu, Baogui Zhang, Zhenglun Zhu, Jianfang Li, Zhenggang Zhu, Min Yan, Bingya Liu
Gastric cancer is a great threat to the health of the people worldwide and lacks effective therapeutic regimens. Luteolin is one of Chinese herbs and presents in many fruits and green plants. In our previous study, we observed that luteolin inhibited cell migration and promoted cell apoptosis in gastric cancer. In the present study, luteolin significantly inhibited tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) through decreasing cell migration and proliferation of HUVECs in a dose-dependent manner...
June 24, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650731/combination-treatments-with-luteolin-and-fisetin-enhance-anti-inflammatory-effects-in-high-glucose-treated-thp-1-cells-through-histone-acetyltransferase-histone-deacetylase-regulation
#11
Arang Kim, Jung-Mi Yun
Hyperglycemia leads to diabetes and its diabetic complications. In this study, we investigated the synergistic effects of luteolin and fisetin on proinflammatory cytokine secretion and its underlying epigenetic regulation in human monocytes exposed to hyperglycemic (HG) concentrations. Human monocytic cells (THP-1) were cultured under controlled (14.5 mM mannitol), normoglycemic (5.5 mM glucose), or HG (20 mM glucose) conditions in the absence or presence of the two phytochemicals for 48 h. Whereas HG conditions significantly induced histone acetylation, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor-α release from THP-1 cells; combination treatments with the two phytochemicals (500 nM fisetin, and l μM and 500 nM luteolin) suppressed NF-κB activity and inflammatory cytokine release...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644529/reciprocal-cooperation-of-phytochemicals-and-micronutrients-against-typical-and-atypical-forms-of-borrelia-spp
#12
Anna Goc, Alexandra Niedzwiecki, Matthias Rath
AIMS: Borrelia spp., a causative pathogenic factor of Lyme disease, has become a major public health threat. Current treatments based on antibiotics often lead to relapse after their withdrawal. Naturally derived substances that could work synergistically to display higher efficacy compared to the individual components may serve as a resource for the development of novel approaches to combat both active and latent forms of Borrelia spp. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using checkerboard assay, we investigated the anti-borreliae reciprocal cooperation of phytochemicals and micronutrients against two species of Borrelia selected as prevalent causes of Lyme disease in the US and Europe...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643853/qualitative-analysis-of-polyphenols-in-macroporous-resin-pretreated-pomegranate-husk-extract-by-hplc-qtof-ms
#13
Rahima Abdulla, Sanawar Mansur, Haizhong Lai, Ablikim Ubul, Guangying Sun, Guozheng Huang, Haji Akber Aisa
INTRODUCTION: Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) husk is a traditional herbal medicine abundant in phenolic compounds and plays some roles in the treatment of oxidative stress, bacterial and viral infection, diabetes mellitus, and acute and chronic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: Identification and determination of polyphenols in macroporous resin pretreated pomegranate husk extract by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF-MS)...
June 23, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634464/anti-inflammatory-and-neuroprotective-effects-of-co-ultrapealut-in-a-mouse-model-of-vascular-dementia
#14
Rosalba Siracusa, Daniela Impellizzeri, Marika Cordaro, Rosalia Crupi, Emanuela Esposito, Stefania Petrosino, Salvatore Cuzzocrea
Vascular dementia (VaD), the second most common cause of cognitive impairment in the population, is a disease that results from reduction in regional cerebral blood flow and involves oxidative stress and inflammation. Co-ultramicronized PEALut (co-ultra PEALut) is a new compound with beneficial effects, which include anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Recently, co-ultraPEALut has been shown to exhibit neuroprotective effects in models of Parkinson's disease, cerebral ischemia and Alzheimer's disease...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631810/flavonoids-of-lotus-nelumbo-nucifera-seed-embryos-and-their-antioxidant-potential
#15
Mingzhi Zhu, Ting Liu, Chunyun Zhang, Mingquan Guo
Flavonoids from lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) seed embryos were fractionated over a macroporous resin chromatography into 2 main fractions (I and II), and subsequently identified by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS(2) ). Sixteen flavonoids were identified in lotus seed embryos, including 8 flavonoid C-glycosides and 8 flavonoid O-glycosides, in which the flavonoid C-glycosides were the main flavonoids. Among them, 2 flavonoid O-glycosides (luteolin 7-O-neohesperidoside and kaempferol 7-O-glucoside) were identified in lotus seed embryos for the 1st time...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630625/quantification-of-antioxidant-phenolic-compounds-in-a-new-chrysanthemum-cultivar-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection-and-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#16
Ah-Reum Han, Hyo Young Kim, Yangkang So, Bomi Nam, Ik-Soo Lee, Joo-Won Nam, Yeong Deuk Jo, Sang Hoon Kim, Jin-Baek Kim, Si-Yong Kang, Chang Hyun Jin
The flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. have been used as an herbal tea and in traditional medicine, and the plant has been developed to produce horticultural cultivars of various colors and shapes. In this study, a new chrysanthemum cultivar with dark purple petals (C. morifolium cv. ARTI-Dark Chocolate; ADC) was developed by radiation-induced mutation breeding of its original cultivar with purple striped white petals (C. morifolium cv. Noble Wine, NW). The phenolic profile and antioxidant property of ADC were investigated and compared with NW and the commercially available medicinal herb, C...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629185/leptadenia-reticulata-retz-wight-arn-jivanti-botanical-agronomical-phytochemical-pharmacological-and-biotechnological-aspects
#17
REVIEW
Sudipta Kumar Mohanty, Mallappa Kumara Swamy, Uma Rani Sinniah, Maniyam Anuradha
Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight & Arn. (Apocynaceae), is a traditional medicinal plant species widely used to treat various ailments such as tuberculosis, hematopoiesis, emaciation, cough, dyspnea, fever, burning sensation, night blindness, cancer, and dysentery. In Ayurveda, it is known for its revitalizing, rejuvenating, and lactogenic properties. This plant is one of the major ingredients in many commercial herbal formulations, including Speman, Envirocare, Calshakti, Antisept, and Chyawanprash. The therapeutic potential of this herb is because of the presence of diverse bioactive compounds such as α-amyrin, β-amyrin, ferulic acid, luteolin, diosmetin, rutin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, hentricontanol, a triterpene alcohol simiarenol, apigenin, reticulin, deniculatin, and leptaculatin...
June 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627676/luteolin-inhibits-angiogenesis-by-blocking-gas6-axl-signaling-pathway
#18
Xiaobo Li, Minfeng Chen, Xueping Lei, Maohua Huang, Wencai Ye, Rijia Zhang, Dongmei Zhang
Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) induces the activation of Axl receptor tyrosine kinase (Axl), which plays an important role in angiogenic processes, including proliferation, migration, invasion, tube formation and pericyte recruitment of endothelial cells. The inhibition of Gas6/Axl pathway has been demonstrated to be an effective anti-angiogenic therapy. Luteolin, which is a natural active flavonoid, has been reported to possess anti-angiogenic effects. However, the underlying mechanism of luteolin in anti-angiogenesis is not fully understood...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627294/polyphenolic-characterisation-and-bioactivity-of-an-oxalis-pes-caprae-l-leaf-extract
#19
Marisa C Gaspar, Diogo A Fonseca, Manuel J Antunes, Christian Frigerio, Nelson G M Gomes, M Vieira, Armanda E Santos, Maria T Cruz, Maria D Cotrim, Maria G Campos
The present work is focused on the characterisation of the polyphenolic content of an Oxalis pes-caprae L. leaf extract and on the evaluation of its bioactivity with particular interest on its vascular activity and antioxidant potential. The polyphenolic content was characterised by HPLC-DAD and LC-MS/MS. The vascular activity was evaluated according to the influence on the serotonergic and adrenergic systems of the human internal mammary artery (HIMA). Antioxidant and neuroprotective studies were also conducted...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626476/chemical-compositions-and-biological-activities-of-scutellaria-pinnatifida-a-hamilt-aerial-parts
#20
Abbas Delazar, Hossein Nazemiyeh, Fariba Heshmati Afshar, Niloofar Barghi, Solmaz Esnaashari, Parina Asgharian
Phytochemical analysis of the methanolic and dichloromethane extracts of the aerial parts of Scutellaria pinnatifida led to the isolation of a phenylpropanoid, 1-o-feruloyl-β-D-glucose (1), two known flavonoids including luteolin-7-o-glucoside (2) and apigenin-7-o-glucoside (3), three known phenylethanoid glycosides composed of phlomisethanoside (4), syringalide A (5), and verbascoside (6), and oleic acid (7). Isolation and structural elucidation of compounds were accomplished by HPLC and spectroscopic methods (UV, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR)...
June 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
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