Read by QxMD icon Read

tilt of disc

Youngkyo Kwun, Gyule Han, Yoon-Jung Choy, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the optic disc characteristics associated with visual field (VF) progression in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) eyes with tilted optic discs. METHODS: Sixty-six eyes of 66 NTG patients with tilted optic disc were included in this cross-sectional study, who were examined by at least 5 Humphrey 30-2 VFs. Glaucomatous VF progression was evaluated using pointwise linear regression. Optic nerve heads were scanned with enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and evaluated for the focal lamina cribrosa (LC) defects and LC thicknesses...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Takehiro Yamashita, Taiji Sakamoto, Naoya Yoshihara, Hiroto Terasaki, Minoru Tanaka, Yuya Kii, Kumiko Nakao
PURPOSE: To determine the correlations between the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) and the axial length, peripapillary retinal tilt (PRT), and optic disc size, and retinal artery position. METHODS: A prospective, observational cross-sectional study of 119 healthy right eyes of 119 volunteers. All participants underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations including peripapillary RNFLT imaging and measurements of the axial length. The RNFLT was determined by the TOPCON 3D OCT-1000, MARK II...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Wenhao Hu, Bin Wang, Hongyu Run, Xuesong Zhang, Yan Wang
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that upwards of 50,000 individuals suffer traumatic fracture of the spine each year, and the instability of the fractured vertebra and/or the local deformity results in pain and, if kyphosis increases, neurological impairment can occur. There is a significant controversy over the ideal management. The purpose of the study is to present clinical and radiographic results of pedicle subtraction osteotomy and disc resection with cage placement in correcting post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Jong Rak Lee, Jiyun Lee, Jong-Eun Lee, Jin Young Lee, Michael S Kook
PURPOSE: To compare global and regional visual field (VF) progression rates and determine clinical factors associated with rapid VF progression in myopic patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) with different disc tilt directions. METHODS: The medical records of 182 eyes from 182 myopic OAG patients with progressive VF deterioration during follow-up were analyzed. The rates of change in the mean thresholds of the global and regional VF areas of the horizontal and vertical disc tilt (HDT and VDT) groups were compared using a linear mixed model after controlling for confounding covariates...
October 6, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Arnaud Dubory, Lotfi Miladi, Brice Ilharreborde, Jean-Marie Gennari, Jihane Rouissi, Christophe Glorion, Charles Henri Flouzat Lachaniette, Thierry Odent
PURPOSE: Anterior fusion is a well-established procedure for the treatment of Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This retrospective study aimed to assess preoperative and postoperative radiographic differences between the conventional anterior fusion and anterior short fusions (ASF) in Lenke 5C AIS. METHODS: Radiographic data of 42 consecutive cases of Lenke 5C AIS, which were surgically treated through anterior segmental fusion, were analyzed retrospectively...
October 4, 2016: European Spine Journal
Ercan Ozsoy, Abuzer Gunduz, Ersin Ersan Demirel, Tongabay Cumurcu
Purpose. To evaluate anterior segment's structures by Pentacam in patients with tilted disc syndrome (TDS). Methods. Group 1 included forty-six eyes of forty-six patients who have the TDS. Group 2 including forty-six eyes of forty-six cases was the control group which was equal to the study group in age, gender, and refraction. A complete ophthalmic examination was performed in both groups. All cases were evaluated by Pentacam. The axial length (AL) of eyes was measured by ultrasound. Quantitative data obtained from these measurements were compared between two groups...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Miao Zhang, Ramesh R Chavan, Bronwen G Smith, Brian H McArdle, Philip J Harris
BACKGROUND: Compression wood (CW) forms on the underside of tilted stems of coniferous gymnosperms and opposite wood (OW) on the upperside. The tracheid walls of these wood types differ structurally and chemically. Although much is known about the most severe form of CW, severe CW (SCW), mild CWs (MCWs), also occur, but less is known about them. In this study, tracheid wall structures and compositions of two grades of MCWs (1 and 2) and SCW were investigated and compared with OW in slightly tilted radiata pine (Pinus radiata) stems...
2016: BMC Plant Biology
Edita Dervisevic, Suzana Pavljasevic, Almir Dervisevic, Sanja Sefic Kasumovic
INTRODUCTION: Glaucoma is the most common optic neuropathy which is characterized by progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells, the excavation of the optic nerve head, associated with defects in the visual field. It is not a disease, but the final result of united and yet completely unidentified cellular and subcellular processes and effects of many factors responsible for changes in retinal ganglion cells leading to their accelerated apoptosis. METHODS: This is a prospective-retrospective, comparative, randomized clinical trial that included 150 patients, 97 were female and 53 male...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Yu Sawada, Masanori Hangai, Makoto Ishikawa, Takeshi Yoshitomi
PURPOSE: To examine the association of myopia with the visual field (VF) defects in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) using paired eyes to eliminate the effect of unknown confounding factors that are diverse among individuals. METHODS: One hundred eighteen eyes of 59 subjects with myopia (spherical equivalent [SE] ≥ -2 diopter [D] and axial length ≥ 24.0 mm) whose intra-ocular pressure between paired eyes was similar and the mean deviation (MD) of the Humphrey VF test differed by more than 6 dB were included...
2016: PloS One
Takehiro Yamashita, Taiji Sakamoto, Naoya Yoshihara, Hiroto Terasaki, Minoru Tanaka, Yuya Kii, Kumiko Nakao
PURPOSE: Eyes with a peripapillary nerve fiber elevation (pNFE) are those with a discrepancy between the optic disc margin in a color fundus photograph and the Bruch's membrane opening in an optical coherent tomographic (OCT) cross-sectional image. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of pNFE in young healthy eyes, and to compare the axial length and optic disc tilt between pNFE and non-pNFE groups. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, cross-sectional study of 117 right eyes...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Mihai Mardare, Manuel Oprea, Iulian Popa, Ancuța Zazgyva, Marius Niculescu, Dan V Poenaru
PURPOSE: Spinopelvic parameters can be useful in identifying risk factors for lumbar degenerative disc disease, but few studies assess patients with single-level disc herniation and most do not evaluate symptoms. This comparative retrospective study was aimed to analyse spinopelvic parameters, symptoms and MRI changes in patients with single-level lumbar disc herniation undergoing conservative or surgical treatment. METHODS: Patients with clinical and radiological assessment (Japanese Orthopaedic Association Score) and an MRI evaluation of the lumbar spine were identified and divided into two groups: surgically treated (group A) and not requiring surgery (group B)...
October 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jong Eun Lee, Jiyun Lee, Jin Young Lee, Michael S Kook
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to compare patterns of damage in young myopic glaucomatous-appearing patients with horizontal disc tilt (HDT) to a control group of patients with vertical disc tilt (VDT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 104 eyes of 104 young, myopic, glaucomatous-appearing patients without or with early visual field (VF) defects. The eyes were divided into those with HDT or VDT. The clinical characteristics of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and VF damage were compared between groups after matching for age, refractive error, and neural rim area using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and standard automated perimetry 24-2 VF testing...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Nasrin Moghadas Sharif, Nasser Shoeibi, Asieh Ehsaei, Edward A H Mallen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare retinal thickness and biometric parameters between highly myopic eyes with and without tilted optic discs. METHODS: A total of 60 eyes from 60 highly myopic individuals (defined as a mean spherical equivalent refraction of -6.00 D or greater and axial length ≥26 mm) underwent detailed ophthalmic examination. Twenty-one eyes (13 females and 8 males; mean age: 29 ± 7 years) with tilted optic discs were recruited and compared with 39 eyes (23 females and 16 males; mean age: 28 ± 6 years) of control subjects without tilted optic discs using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the Lenstar biometer...
August 22, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Eun Ji Lee, Kyoung Min Lee, Hyunjoong Kim, Tae-Woo Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic ability of the new spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) algorithm for measuring circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness centered on Bruch's membrane opening (BMO), with the conventional circumpapillary RNFL thickness measurement centered on the optic disc. METHODS: In 75 eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and 71 healthy control eyes, circumpapillary RNFL thickness was measured with SD-OCT, first by centering the scan circle on the optic disc (RNFLDi), and then on the BMO (RNFLBMO)...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Yung Ju Yoo, Eun Ji Lee, Tae-Woo Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate intereye differences in the parapapillary atrophy (PPA) microstructure in unilateral primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: Bilateral optic nerves from 172 unilateral POAG patients having clinical PPA shown in infrared fundus imaging were scanned using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Based on the extent of Bruch's membrane (BM) within the PPA area, the PPA was divided into β-zone (area with BM) and γ-zone (area devoid of BM)...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Xin Lv, Yuan Liu, Song Zhou, Qiang Wang, Houyun Gu, Xiaoxing Fu, Yi Ding, Bin Zhang, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: Sagittal spinopelvic alignment changes associated with degenerative facet joint arthritis have been assessed in a few studies. It has been documented that patients with facet joint degeneration have higher pelvic incidence, but the relationship between facet joint degeneration and other sagittal spinopelvic alignment parameters is still disputed. Our purpose was to evaluate the correlation between the features of sagittal spinopelvic alignment and facet joint degeneration...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Tomoko Miyake, Shota Kojima, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Mari Ueki, Jun Sugasawa, Hidehiro Oku, Kensuke Tajiri, Yuka Shigemura, Koichi Ueda, Atsuko Harada, Mami Yamasaki, Takumi Yamanaka, Hidetsuna Utsunomiya, Tsunehiko Ikeda
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of facial cleft is rare and ranges between 1.43 and 4.85 per 100,000 births. To date, there have been few reports of detailed ophthalmologic examinations performed in cases of facial cleft. Here, we report a case of optic-nerve hypoplasia and anterior segment abnormality associated with facial cleft. CASE REPORT: A 9-day-old female infant was delivered by cesarian section at 34 weeks of gestational age (the second baby of twins) and weighed 2,276 g upon presentation...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Ning-ning Shi, Guo-quan Shen, Shui-yong He, Ru-bao Guo
OBJECTIVE: To study the biomechanical relationship between iliac rotation displacement and L(4,5) disc degeneration, and to provide clinical evidences for the prevention and treatment of L(4,5) disc degeneration and herniation. METHODS: From March 2012 to February 2014,68 patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with sacroiliac joint disorders were selected. Among them, 42 patients with L(4,5) disc herniation combined with sacroiliac joint disorders included 22 males and 20 females, ranging in age from 19 to 63 years old, with an average of (51...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Tom P C Schlösser, Marijn van Stralen, Winnie C W Chu, Tsz-Ping Lam, Bobby K W Ng, Koen L Vincken, Jack C Y Cheng, René M Castelein
INTRODUCTION: Although much attention has been given to the global three-dimensional aspect of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), the accurate three-dimensional morphology of the primary and compensatory curves, as well as the intervening junctional segments, in the scoliotic spine has not been described before. METHODS: A unique series of 77 AIS patients with high-resolution CT scans of the spine, acquired for surgical planning purposes, were included and compared to 22 healthy controls...
2016: PloS One
Chen Liang, Jianmin Sun, Xingang Cui, Zhensong Jiang, Wen Zhang, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: Spinal sagittal imbalance is a widely acknowledged problem, but there is insufficient knowledge regarding its occurrence. In some patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH), their symptom is similar to spinal sagittal imbalance. The aim of this study is to illustrate the spinopelvic sagittal characteristics and identity the role of spinal musculature in the mechanism of sagittal imbalance in patients with LDH. METHODS: Twenty-five adults with spinal sagittal imbalance who initially came to our clinic for treatment of LDH, followed by posterior discectomy were reviewed...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"