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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691942/phenological-sensitivity-to-climate-change-is-higher-in-resident-than-in-migrant-bird-populations-among-european-cavity-breeders
#1
Jelmer M Samplonius, Lenka Bartošová, Malcolm D Burgess, Andrey V Bushuev, Tapio Eeva, Elena V Ivankina, Anvar B Kerimov, Indrikis Krams, Toni Laaksonen, Marko Mägi, Raivo Mänd, Jaime Potti, János Török, Miroslav Trnka, Marcel E Visser, Herwig Zang, Christiaan Both
Many organisms adjust their reproductive phenology in response to climate change, but phenological sensitivity to temperature may vary between species. For example, resident and migratory birds have vastly different annual cycles, which can cause differential temperature sensitivity at the breeding grounds, and may affect competitive dynamics. Currently, however, adjustment to climate change in resident and migratory birds have been studied separately or at relatively small geographical scales with varying time series durations and methodologies...
April 6, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691564/-survey-on-dental-caries-status-of-migrant-children-aged-6-12-years-in-minhang-district-of-shanghai
#2
Xiao-Ming Xu, Hong-Yan Shi, Cong-Hua Li, Li Nie, Lin Feng, Yan Qin
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of dental caries among migrant children aged 6-12 years in Minhang district of Shanghai, so as to provide some basic data for children health care. METHODS: Ten thousand and eleven school children in 8 primary schools of Minhang district of Shanghai were investigated by cluster random sampling. Visual examination combined with probe inspection was used to diagnose caries, and then rate of caries and DMFT (decayed,missing and filled teeth) were calculated...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686905/the-access-to-antenatal-and-postpartum-care-services-of-migrant-workers-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion-the-role-of-acculturative-stress-and-social-support
#3
Charamporn Holumyong, Kathleen Ford, Siriporn Sajjanand, Aphichat Chamratrithirong
The objective of this paper is to determine whether social support and acculturative stress were related to obtaining antenatal and postpartum care for pregnant female migrants, as well as access to health care for migrant children. The study utilized data of 987 migrant workers in Thailand who originated from hill tribes and mountain communities in Myanmar and Cambodia. Regression analysis showed that the language barrier, a crucial factor behind acculturative stress, adversely influenced access to maternal care...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685156/a-comparative-study-of-unintentional-injuries-among-schooling-left-behind-migrant-and-residential-children-in-china
#4
Hongwei Hu, Jiamin Gao, Haochen Jiang, Pingnan Xing
BACKGROUND: Children who suffer from parental migration have been manifested to exhibit physical and mental impairments at higher rates. This current study aims to explore unintentional injury disparity among schooling left-behind children, migrant children and residential children in China, and to examine the risk factors of unintentional injury among the three types of children based on a multi-level system framework. This study will fill the gaps of this topic for China and contribute to the world literature in the context of countries with frequent population migration...
April 23, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684831/dis-integrating-cultural-difference-in-practice-and-communication-a-qualitative-study-of-host-and-migrant-registered-nurse-perspectives-from-new-zealand
#5
Margaret Brunton, Catherine Cook
BACKGROUND: Several earlier studies have provided evidence of the difficulties nurses have had adapting to foreign workplaces, however few have considered wider perspectives of the workplace communication environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the viewpoints and experience of both New Zealand qualified nurses and internationally qualified nurses in managing communication within teams and the clinical practice context in an increasingly diverse healthcare workplace in New Zealand...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682633/migrant-mothers-left-behind-fathers-the-negotiation-of-gender-subjectivities-in-indonesia-and-the-philippines
#6
Theodora Lam, Brenda S A Yeoh
The distinct feminization of labour migration in Southeast Asia - particularly in the migration of breadwinning mothers as domestic and care workers in gender-segmented global labour markets - has altered care arrangements, gender roles and practices, as well as family relationships within the household significantly. Such changes were experienced by both the migrating women and other left-behind members of the family, particularly 'substitute' carers such as left-behind husbands. During the women's absence from the home, householding strategies have to be reformulated when migrant women-as-mothers rewrite their roles (but often not their identities) through labour migration as productive workers who contribute to the well-being of their children via financial remittances and 'long-distance mothering', while left-behind fathers and/or other family members step up to assume some of the tasks vacated by the mother...
2018: Gender, Place and Culture: a Journal of Feminist Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682316/physical-properties-of-the-tunic-in-the-pinkish-brown-salp-pegea-confoederata-tunicata-thaliacea
#7
Daisuke Sakai, Hiroshi Kakiuchida, Jun Nishikawa, Euichi Hirose
Background: Invisibility in the water column is a crucial strategy for gelatinous zooplanktons in avoiding detection by visual predators, especially for animals distributed in the euphotic zone during the daytime; i.e., surface dwellers that do not undergo diel vertical migration. Salps, a member of the subphylum Tunicata (Urochordata), usually have a transparent body that is entirely covered with a cellulosic matrix, called the tunic. Some non-migrator species are known to exhibit a nano-scale nipple array on the tunic surface...
2018: Zoological Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681517/internal-migration-and-transmission-dynamics-of-tuberculosis-in-shanghai-china-an-epidemiological-spatial-genomic-analysis
#8
Chongguang Yang, Liping Lu, Joshua L Warren, Jie Wu, Qi Jiang, Tianyu Zuo, Mingyu Gan, Mei Liu, Qingyun Liu, Kathryn DeRiemer, Jianjun Hong, Xin Shen, Caroline Colijn, Xiaoqin Guo, Qian Gao, Ted Cohen
BACKGROUND: Massive internal migration from rural to urban areas poses new challenges for tuberculosis control in China. We aimed to combine genomic, spatial, and epidemiological data to describe the dynamics of tuberculosis in an urban setting with large numbers of migrants. METHODS: We did a population-based study of culture-positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Songjiang, Shanghai. We used whole-genome sequencing to discriminate apparent genetic clusters of M tuberculosis sharing identical variable-number-tandem-repeat (VNTR) patterns, and analysed the relations between proximity of residence and the risk of genomically clustered M tuberculosis...
April 19, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681241/differences-in-the-health-transition-patterns-of-migrants-and-non-migrants-aged-50-and-older-in-southern-and-western-europe-2004-2015
#9
Matias Reus-Pons, Clara H Mulder, Eva U B Kibele, Fanny Janssen
BACKGROUND: Most previous research on migrant health in Europe has taken a cross-sectional perspective, without a specific focus on the older population. Having knowledge about inequalities in health transitions over the life course between migrants and non-migrants, including at older ages, is crucial for the tailoring of policies to the demands of an ageing and culturally diverse society. We analyse differences in health transitions between migrants and non-migrants, specifically focusing on the older population in Europe...
April 23, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678558/influence-factors-of-sexual-activity-for-internal-migrants-in-china
#10
Junguo Zhang, Junqing Wu, Yuyan Li, Ying Zhou, Yiran Li, Rui Zhao, Yuanming Shi, Zheng Li, Wei Huang, Jian Chen
BACKGROUND: Sexual frequency is associated with the quality of life. China's internal migrants that are sexually active are more likely to participate in sexual behavior. However, less work has been undertaken to assess the sexual frequency and its predictors in migrants. AIM: This study seeks to explore which factors were related to sexual frequency in migrants and how the association varies with different levels of sexual frequency. METHODS: A total of 10,834 men and 4,928 women aged 20-49 years from 5 cities in China were enrolled by multi-stage sampling during August 2013-August 2015...
April 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677950/designing-an-e-learning-application-to-facilitate-health-care-professionals-cross-cultural-communication
#11
Nagadivya Balasubramaniam, Sari Kujala, Dicle Ayzit, Marjo Kauppinen, Tarja Heponiemi, Laura Hietapakka, Anu Kaihlanen
In recent times, health care professionals (HCP) have come across a number of migrants as their patients. The cultural differences lead to communicational challenges between the migrant patients and health care professionals. Our project aimed to discover HCPs' attitudes, challenges and needs on cross-cultural communication, so that we can develop an e-learning solution that would be helpful for them. By conducting interviews with HCPs, we identified five crucial categories of problems and the current solutions that experienced professionals use to tackle those problems...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677461/ebola-s-would-be-refugees-performing-fear-and-navigating-asylum-during-a-public-health-emergency
#12
Benjamin N Lawrance
Chronic and acute illnesses sit uncomfortably with asylum claiming and refugee mobilities. The story of a Sierra Leonean, an athlete who feared Ebola and sought refuge in the UK, provides an opening to examine protection discourses that invoke fear, trauma, and crisis metaphors, to understand how asylum claims are performed, and how related petitions are adjudicated during public health emergencies of international concern. Ebola is revealed as a novel claim strategy, and thus a useful subject matter to investigate the shifting modalities of migrant agency, the unstable fabric of medical humanitarianism, and knowledge production in moments of exceptionality...
April 20, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676268/mediators-help-migrants-access-health-services-in-italy
#13
Amanda Sperber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674450/inferring-genetic-connectivity-in-real-populations-exemplified-by-coastal-and-oceanic-atlantic-cod
#14
Ingrid Spies, Lorenz Hauser, Per Erik Jorde, Halvor Knutsen, André E Punt, Lauren A Rogers, Nils Chr Stenseth
Genetic data are commonly used to estimate connectivity between putative populations, but translating them to demographic dispersal rates is complicated. Theoretical equations that infer a migration rate based on the genetic estimator F ST , such as Wright's equation, F ST ≈ 1/(4 N e m + 1), make assumptions that do not apply to most real populations. How complexities inherent to real populations affect migration was exemplified by Atlantic cod in the North Sea and Skagerrak and was examined within an age-structured model that incorporated genetic markers...
April 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674389/reduction-in-tuberculosis-incidence-in-the-uk-from-2011-to-2015-a-population-based-study
#15
H Lucy Thomas, Ross J Harris, Morris C Muzyamba, Jennifer A Davidson, Maeve K Lalor, Colin N J Campbell, Sarah R Anderson, Dominik Zenner
BACKGROUND: Following nearly two decades of increasing tuberculosis in the UK, TB incidence decreased by 32% from 2011 to 2015. Explaining this reduction is crucial to informing ongoing TB control efforts. METHODS: We stratified TB cases notified in the UK and TB cases averted in the UK through pre-entry screening (PES) between 2011 and 2015 by country of birth and time since arrival. We used population estimates and migration data to establish denominators, and calculated incidence rate ratios (IRRs) between 2011 and 2015...
April 19, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673804/infectious-disease-health-services-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-during-a-time-of-crisis-a-scoping-study-of-six-european-union-countries
#16
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Mariya Samuilova, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, Enrico Girardi, Pierluca Piselli, Alexander Kentikelenis
BACKGROUND: Systematic information on infectious disease services provided to refugees and asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is sparse. We conducted a scoping study of experts in six EU countries in order to map health system responses related to infectious disease prevention and control among refugees and asylum seekers. METHODS: We conducted 27 semi-structured in-depth interviews with first-line staff and health officials to collect information about existing guidelines and practices at each stage of reception in first-entry (Greece/Italy), transit (Croatia/Slovenia), and destination countries (Austria/Sweden)...
April 11, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673216/the-effects-on-parapatric-divergence-of-linkage-between-preference-and-trait-loci-versus-pleiotropy
#17
Maria R Servedio, Reinhard Bürger
Attempts to uncover the genetic basis of female mating preferences and male signals involved in reproductive isolation have discovered intriguing cases in which loci contributing to these traits co-localize in their chromosomal positions. Such discoveries raise the question of whether alleles at certain loci contribute pleiotropically to male and female components of premating reproductive isolation, versus whether these loci are merely tightly linked. Here we use population genetic models to assess the degree to which these alternatives affect both short term and equilibrium patterns of trait (signal) and preference divergence...
April 17, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672682/heia-tools-inclusion-of-migrants-in-health-policy-in-canada
#18
Kevin Pottie, Branka Agic, Douglas Archibald, Ayesha Ratnayake, Marcela Tapia, Joanne Thanos
This paper introduces the Migrant Populations Equity Extension for Ontario's Health Equity Impact Assessment (HEIA) initiatives. It provides a mechanism to address the needs of migrant populations, within a program and policy framework. Validation of an equity extension framework using community leaders and health practitioners engaged in HEIA workshops across Ontario. Participants assessed migrants' health needs and discussed how to integrate these needs into health policy. The Migrant Populations Equity Extension's framework assists decision makers assess relevant populations, collaborate with immigrant communities, improve policy development and mitigate unintended negative impacts of policy initiatives...
April 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668143/-care-for-unaccompanied-minor-migrant-adolescents-at-the-youth-health-consultation-support-psychotherapy-and-resilience
#19
Cédric Devillé, Nelle Lambert
The Unité Santé Jeunes of the Geneva University Hospitals offers multidisciplinary care to young people between the ages of 12 years and 25 years, including unaccompanied minor migrant adolescents. The psychiatrist and child psychiatrist of the unit participate actively. These young people are primarily teenagers, but it is clear from our experience that their care has some specificities and require an adaptation of the framework. The aim of this article is to open the reflection on socio-legal-educational support and the care to offer them to help them feeling secure and a different psychotherapeutic space...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668134/-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-antibodies-in-latin-american-migrants-in-transit-through-the-m%C3%A3-xico-usa-border
#20
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, American trypanosomiasis has become an emergent public health problem in countries receiving migrant populations such as México, USA, Canada or those in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in Latin American migrants on their way to USA and Canada by means of serological techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA and IHA were performed to detect anti-T. cruzi antibodies...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
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