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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087468/smoking-selectivity-among-mexican-immigrants-to-the-united-states-using-binational-data-1999-2012
#1
Nancy L Fleischer, Annie Ro, Georgiana Bostean
Mexican immigrants have lower smoking rates than US-born Mexicans, which some scholars attribute to health selection-that individuals who migrate are healthier and have better health behaviors than their non-migrant counterparts. Few studies have examined smoking selectivity using binational data and none have assessed whether selectivity remains constant over time. This study combined binational data from the US and Mexico to examine: 1) the extent to which recent Mexican immigrants (<10years) in the US are selected with regard to cigarette smoking compared to non-migrants in Mexico, and 2) whether smoking selectivity varied between 2000 and 2012-a period of declining tobacco use in Mexico and the US...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087368/trends-in-wild-food-plants-uses-in-gorbeialdea-basque-country
#2
Gorka Menendez-Baceta, Manuel Pardo-de-Santayana, Laura Aceituno-Mata, Javier Tardío, Victoria Reyes-García
Despite wild food plants' potential nutritional and economic value, their knowledge and consumption is quickly decreasing throughout the world. We examine how the consideration that a wild plant use is within the cultural tradition of a given area relates to its consumption by analysing 1) current perception and 2) past and present use of six wild plants' food-uses, of which only three are locally perceived as being part of the local tradition. Research was conducted in Gorbeialdea, an area in the Basque Country with a clearly marked Basque identity opposed to the Spanish identity...
January 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086877/treating-the-invisible-gaps-and-opportunities-for-enhanced-tb-control-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#3
Naomi Tschirhart, Sein Sein Thi, Lei Lei Swe, Francois Nosten, Angel M Foster
BACKGROUND: In Thailand's northwestern Tak province, contextual conditions along the border with Myanmar pose difficulties for TB control among migrant populations. Incomplete surveillance data, migrant patient mobility, and loss to follow-up make it difficult to estimate the TB burden and implement effective TB control measures. This multi-methods study examined tuberculosis, tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment accessibility for migrants and refugees in Tak province, health system response, and public health surveillance...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077125/spatiotemporal-epidemic-characteristics-and-risk-factor-analysis-of-malaria-in-yunnan-province-china
#5
Dongyang Yang, Chengdong Xu, Jinfeng Wang, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains an important public health concern in China and is particularly serious in Yunnan, a China's provincial region of high malaria burden with an incidence of 1.79/10(5) in 2012. This study aims to examine the epidemiologic profile and spatiotemporal aspects of epidemics of malaria, and to examine risk factors which may influence malaria epidemics in Yunnan Province. METHODS: The data of malaria cases in 2012 in 125 counties of Yunnan Province was used in this research...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076407/medicinal-plant-diversity-and-inter-cultural-interactions-between-indigenous-guarani-criollos-and-polish-migrants-in-the-subtropics-of-argentina
#6
Monika Kujawska, Norma I Hilgert, Héctor A Keller, Guillermo Gil
Numerous studies highlight the importance of phytotherapy for indigenous and non-indigenous people in different parts of the world. In this work we analyze the richness (number of species), diversity (plant identity and the number of illnesses for which it is used) and similarity of plant species and illnesses treated with them, in order to contribute new data and insight into the importance of plant medicines to the local medical systems of people living in Misiones province, in the subtropics of Argentina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#7
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070557/resource-tracking-within-and-across-continents-in-long-distance-bird-migrants
#8
Kasper Thorup, Anders P Tøttrup, Mikkel Willemoes, Raymond H G Klaassen, Roine Strandberg, Marta Lomas Vega, Hari P Dasari, Miguel B Araújo, Martin Wikelski, Carsten Rahbek
Migratory birds track seasonal resources across and between continents. We propose a general strategy of tracking the broad seasonal abundance of resources throughout the annual cycle in the longest-distance migrating land birds as an alternative to tracking a certain climatic niche or shorter-term resource surplus occurring, for example, during spring foliation. Whether and how this is possible for complex annual spatiotemporal schedules is not known. New tracking technology enables unprecedented spatial and temporal mapping of long-distance movement of birds...
January 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070303/using-species-distribution-models-to-define-nesting-habitat-of-the-eastern-metapopulation-of-double-crested-cormorants
#9
Kate L Sheehan, Samuel T Esswein, Brian S Dorr, Greg K Yarrow, Ron J Johnson
When organisms with similar phenotypes have conflicting management and conservation initiatives, approaches are needed to differentiate among subpopulations or discrete groups. For example, the eastern metapopulation of the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) has a migratory phenotype that is culled because they are viewed as a threat to commercial and natural resources, whereas resident birds are targeted for conservation. Understanding the distinct breeding habitats of resident versus migratory cormorants would aid in identification and management decisions...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070220/measuring-the-effects-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-mental-health-among-migrants-in-urban-china-a-multiple-indicators-multiple-causes-model
#10
Ming Guan
OBJECTIVES: Since 1978, rural-urban migrants mainly contribute Chinese urbanization. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of socioeconomic factors on mental health of them. Their mental health was measured by 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). METHODS: The study sample comprised 5925 migrants obtained from the 2009 rural-to-urban migrants survey (RUMiC). The relationships among the instruments were assessed by the correlation analysis...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068533/the-weight-of-inequalities-duration-of-residence-and-offspring-s-birthweight-among-migrant-mothers-in-sweden
#11
Sol P Juárez, Anders Hjern
In this study we assessed the effect duration of residence on the association between maternal origin and birthweight in Sweden. Considering sibling information, we also investigated how far the presence or lack of such an effect could be biased by the use of cross-sectional data, since there may be a selection among those mothers who decide to have a child soon after moving to the country (e.g. those with a more stable family situation). Using the Swedish Medical Birth Register for the period 1992-2012, we performed linear and multinomial regressions, multilevel linear regressions, and random effect meta-analysis...
December 30, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067189/common-mental-health-problems-in-rural-to-urban-migrant-workers-in-shenzhen-china-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#12
B L Zhong, T B Liu, S S M Chan, D Jin, C Y Hu, J Dai, H F K Chiu
AIMS: Rural-to-urban migrant workers are a large marginalised population in urban China. Prevalence estimates of common mental health problems (CMHPs) in previous studies varied widely and very few studies have investigated migration-related factors of CMHPs in migrant workers. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of CMHPs among Chinese migrant workers. METHODS: A random sample of 3031 migrant workers of ten manufacturing factories in Shenzhen, China, completed a standardised questionnaire containing socio-demographic and migration-related variables and the Chinese 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066890/undocumented-border-crosser-deaths-in-arizona-expanding-intrastate-collaborative-efforts-in-identification
#13
Julie M Fleischman, Ashley E Kendell, Christen C Eggers, Laura C Fulginiti
Undocumented Border Crosser (UBC) deaths in Arizona are a major issue faced by medicolegal authorities. Currently, the Maricopa County Office of the Medical Examiner (MCOME) is in possession of over two hundred unidentified individuals, more than half of whom are presumed to be UBCs. The primary goal of this study was to address the growing number of UBC deaths in Maricopa County in order to provide a more comprehensive picture of this important anthropological issue within the state of Arizona. Of the 107 total UBC cases evaluated for the study, the majority were male and age estimates for all individuals were between 15 to 60 years old...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062822/improving-health-care-for-spanish-speaking-rural-dairy-farm-workers
#14
Caledonia Buckheit, Dwan Pineros, Ardis Olson, Deborah Johnson, Stephen Genereaux
BACKGROUND: Dartmouth Geisel Migrant Health (DGMH) is a medical student group that provides on-site health services for Spanish-speaking dairy workers in rural Vermont and New Hampshire in conjunction with a federally qualified health center (FQHC). STUDY OBJECTIVE: This project was undertaken to evaluate and improve the services provided by DGMH and the FQHC and to refine understanding of the target population. METHODS: We surveyed 25 workers at 6 collaborating dairy farms to identify health priorities and concerns and perceived barriers and facilitators to health care for these workers...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057605/a-study-of-melanoma-in-eastern-european-migrants-in-italy
#15
Chiara Astrua, Paolo Fava, Matteo Brizio, Paola Savoia
: Cancer survival rates are lower in Eastern Europe. To describe, based on a single-centre database in northern Italy, clinical, histopathological, and prognostic features of melanoma in a migrant population from Eastern Europe. MATERIALS & METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from 18,190 consecutive foreign patients who visited our institution, with 49 cases of melanoma from Eastern Europe. The control group was represented by 1,003 Italian melanoma patients diagnosed and followed at our centre during the same time period...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056404/becoming-an-amai-meanings-and-experiences-of-motherhood-amongst-zimbabwean-women-living-in-melbourne-australia
#16
Sandra Benza, Pranee Liamputtong
BACKGROUND: little is known about the meanings and experiences of motherhood among Zimbabwean migrant women. This paper discusses the meanings and experiences of motherhood from the perspectives of Zimbabwean migrant women living in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: qualitative methods (in-depth interviewing, photo elicitation and drawing) were conducted with 15 Zimbabwean women who had children in Zimbabwe and in Australia. Data were analysed using thematic analysis method...
December 12, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052976/reciprocal-physical-intimate-partner-violence-is-associated-with-prevalent-sti-hiv-among-male-tanzanian-migrant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Alison H Norris, Michele R Decker, Yiska L Weisband, Michelle J Hindin
OBJECTIVES: Physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and STIs, including HIV, are highly prevalent in east Africa. While we have some evidence about women's experience with physical IPV, little is known about men's experience with physical IPV, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Our objective was to examine, in Tanzanian male migrant plantation residents, the prevalence of, and associations among, experience and enactment of physical IPV and prevalent STI/HIV. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional survey of male plantation residents (n=158) in northern Tanzania were analysed to estimate prevalence of physical IPV experience and enactment...
January 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052929/physical-functioning-and-disability-trajectories-by-age-of-migration-among-mexican-elders-in-the-united-states
#18
Marc A Garcia, Adriana M Reyes
OBJECTIVES: To address a gap in our understanding of the long-term consequences of nativity and age of migration for the health of the Mexican elderly population. METHOD: We employ age graded latent growth curve models stratified by gender to examine the extent of physical functioning and disability, measured in terms of performance-oriented mobility assessments (POMAs) and activities of daily living (ADLs) after age 65 in a large longitudinal sample of Mexican-origin individuals...
January 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052492/inferring-the-timing-of-long-distance-dispersal-between-rail-metapopulations-using-genetic-and-isotopic-assignments
#19
Laurie A Hall, Steven R Beissinger
The stochastic and infrequent nature of long-distance dispersal often makes it difficult to detect. We quantified the frequency, distance, and timing of long-distance dispersal in a nonmigratory, secretive wetland bird, the California Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis coturniculus), between an inland and a coastal metapopulation separated by greater than 100 km. Using 15 microsatellites in conjunction with stable carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur isotopes, we classified Rails as residents of their capture population, recent migrants that dispersed to their capture population less than one year before capture, established migrants that dispersed to their capture population more than one year before capture, and seasonal migrants that dispersed away from their capture population to forage, but returned the next season...
January 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049102/prevalence-and-clinical-severity-of-mood-disorders-among-first-second-and-third-generation-migrants
#20
Baptiste Pignon, Geoffroy Pierre Alexis, Pierre Thomas, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Benjamin Rolland, Craig Morgan, Guillaume Vaiva, Ali Amad
BACKGROUND: The role of migration as a risk factor remains unknown for mood disorders because of poor data. We sought to examine the prevalence and severity of mood disorders (bipolar disorder (BD), unipolar depressive disorder (UDD) and dysthymia) in first, second, and third generation migrants in France. METHODS: The Mental Health in the General Population survey interviewed 38,694 individuals. The prevalence of lifetime mood disorders, comorbidities, and clinical features was compared between migrants and non-migrants and by generation...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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