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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651904/community-based-distribution-of-misoprostol-for-early-abortion-evaluation-of-a-program-along-the-thailand-burma-border
#1
Angel M Foster, Grady Arnott, Margaret Hobstetter
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is legal in Thailand for a number of indications, women from Burma residing in Thailand are rarely able to access safe services. We evaluated the outcomes of a community-based distribution program that provides migrant, refugee, and cross-border women from Burma with evidence-based information about and access to misoprostol for early pregnancy termination. METHODS: After determination of eligibility based on self-report and counseling, trained Network members instructed women to vaginally administer two 800mcg doses of misoprostol 24 hours apart and a third dose one week later, if needed...
June 23, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651539/a-comparison-of-physician-emigration-from-africa-to-the-united-states-of-america-between-2005-and-2015
#2
Robbert J Duvivier, Vanessa C Burch, John R Boulet
BACKGROUND: Migration of health professionals has been a cause for global concern, in particular migration from African countries with a high disease burden and already fragile health systems. An estimated one fifth of African-born physicians are working in high-income countries. Lack of good data makes it difficult to determine what constitutes "African" physicians, as most studies do not distinguish between their country of citizenship and country of training. Thus, the real extent of migration from African countries to the United States (US) remains unclear...
June 26, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651293/-tuberculosis-guideline-for-adults-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-including-ltbi-testing-and-treatment-of-the-german-central-committee-dzk-and-the-german-respiratory-society-dgp
#3
Tom Schaberg, Torsten Bauer, Folke Brinkmann, Roland Diel, Cornelia Feiterna-Sperling, Walter Haas, Pia Hartmann, Barbara Hauer, Jan Heyckendorf, Christoph Lange, Albert Nienhaus, Ralf Otto-Knapp, Martin Priwitzer, Elvira Richter, Rudolf Rumetshofer, Karl Schenkel, Otto Dagobert Schoch, Nicolas Schönfeld, Ralf Stahlmann
Since 2015 a significant increase in tuberculosis cases is notified in Germany, mostly due to rising numbers of migrants connected to the recent refugee crisis. Because of the low incidence in previous years, knowledge on tuberculosis is more and more limited to specialized centers. However, lung specialist and healthcare workers of other fields have contact to an increasing number of tuberculosis patients. In this situation, guidance for the management of standard therapy and especially for uncommon situations will be essential...
June 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650981/health-situation-of-migrant-and-minority-nurses-a-systematic-review
#4
Benjamin Schilgen, Albert Nienhaus, Oriana Handtke, Holger Schulz, Mike Mösko
INTRODUCTION: Globally, life expectancy together with multimorbidity and chronic diseases are increasing. This leads to a growing demand for care and hence for healthcare personnel and nurses. To meet this demand, healthcare workers from abroad are increasingly hired. The nurses' workplace in general is characterized by physically and psychologically demanding tasks, while that of migrant and minority nurses is additionally characterized by discriminatory practices. The present knowledge about the health of migrant and minority nurses and the terminology in this context are diverse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650380/high-levels-of-post-migration-hiv-acquisition-within-nine-european-countries
#5
Debora Alvarez-Del Arco, Fakoya Ibidun, Christos Thomadakis, Nikos Pantazis, Giota Touloumi, Anne-Francoise Gennotte, Freke Zuure, Henrique Barros, Cornelia Staehelin, Siri Göpel, Christoph Boesecke, Tullio Prestileo, Alain Volny-Anne, Fiona Burns, Julia Del Amo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to estimate the proportion of post-migration HIV acquisition among HIV-positive migrants in Europe. DESIGN: To reach HIV positive migrants we designed a cross sectional study performed in HIV clinics. METHODS: The study was conducted from July 2013-July 2015 in 57 clinics (9 European countries, targeting individuals over 18 years diagnosed in the preceding 5 years and born abroad. Electronic questionnaires supplemented with clinical data were completed in any of 15 languages...
June 23, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647961/-analysis-of-maternal-deaths-in-shanghai-from-1996-to-2015
#6
M Qin, R Zhu, L Du, J Lu, H Q Xu, L P Zhu
Objective: To analyze the trend of maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and cause of death in Shanghai from 1996 to 2015. Methods: To collect the material about the maternal death and the maternal death audit from 1996 to 2015, and to analyze the MMR, the cause of death and the result of the maternal death audit of Shanghai from 1996 to 2015 retrospectively. Results: (1) The change of MMR: the MMR in Shanghai decreased from 28.84 per 100 000 live births in 1996 to 6.66 per 100 000 live births in 2015. (2) The characteristic of maternal death: the proportion of Shanghai citizens was 27...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646703/comparison-of-type-2-diabetes-prevalence-in-chinese-migrants-vs-caucasians-and-new-perspectives-for-screening-of-cerebrovascular-disease-in-chinese-a-proof-of-concept-study
#7
Pietro A Modesti, Sergio Castellani, Maria Calabrese, Danilo Malandrino, Dong Zhao
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a recognized risk factor for intracranial stenosis (ICS) in China where ischemic stroke is a health priority. In Europe little information is available on T2DM prevalence among Chinese minority groups and vascular screening is commonly limited to extracranial vessels. Feasibility of community-based T2DM screening, differences in T2DM prevalence between Chinese migrants and Italians, and prevalence of ICS among Chinese patients with newly diagnosed T2DM were investigated...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645888/hiv-strategic-information-in-non-european-union-countries-in-the-world-health-organization-european-region-capacity-development-needs
#8
Ivana Bozicevic, Senad Handanagic, Jurja Ivana Cakalo, Annemarie Rinder Stengaard, George Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Capacity building of the national HIV strategic information system is a core component of the response to the HIV epidemic as it enables understanding of the evolving nature of the epidemic, which is critical for program planning and identification of the gaps and deficiencies in HIV programs. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the results of the assessment of the needs for further development of capacities in HIV strategic information systems in the non-European Union (EU) countries in the World Health Organization European Region (EUR)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645012/associations-between-toxic-and-essential-trace-elements-in-maternal-blood-and-fetal-congenital-heart-defects
#9
Yanqiu Ou, Michael S Bloom, Zhiqiang Nie, Fengzhen Han, Jinzhuang Mai, Jimei Chen, Shao Lin, Xiaoqing Liu, Jian Zhuang
Prenatal exposure to toxic trace elements, including heavy metals, is an important public health concern. Few studies have assessed if individual and multiple trace elements simultaneously affect cardiac development. The current study evaluated the association between maternal blood lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), and selenium (Se) levels and congenital heart defects (CHDs) in offspring. This hospital-based case-control study included 112 case and 107 control infants. Maternal peripheral blood draw was made during gestational weeks 17-40 and used to determine trace element levels by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
June 20, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644720/the-effect-of-internal-migration-individual-and-contextual-characteristics-on-contraceptive-use-among-nigeria-women
#10
Joshua O Akinyemi, Clifford O Odimegwu, Ayo S Adebowale
We investigated the relation of internal migration to contraceptive use and adjusted for individual and contextual (community) characteristics. Multilevel logistic regression models were fitted to nationally representative data on 28876 women from 884 communities in Nigeria. Only about 1 out of every 10 women (10.4%) currently used a contraceptive method. Contraceptive prevalence according to migration status were: rural-urban (12.5%), urban-rural (13.8%), rural non-migrants (6.2%) and urban non-migrants (17...
June 23, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643615/migrant-caregiving-for-family-members-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-ethnographic-study
#11
Eleanor Holroyd, Jed Montayre, Sienna Ramsey, Victoria Egli
BACKGROUND: Migrant families caring for family members with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) face considerable socioeconomic burden and isolation. AIM: To examine the cultural needs, beliefs and health seeking behaviours of migrant Turkish family member caregivers. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used employing in depth interviews. METHODS: Turkish caregivers residing in Melbourne, Australia were purposively sampled...
June 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#12
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640919/the-measles-epidemic-trend-over-the-past-30-years-in-a-central-district-in-shanghai-china
#13
Jie Gao, Bing Shen, JianJing Xiong, Yihan Lu, Qingwu Jiang
BACKGROUND: Measles vaccination over the past 50 years has greatly reduced the incidence of measles. However, measles among migrants and the resulting changes in epidemiological characteristics have brought new challenges to the elimination of measles. We aim to describe the measles epidemic trend over the past 30 years in a central district in Shanghai, China. METHODS: The present study was conducted in the Jing'an District, which is located in the center of Shanghai...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639481/supporting-decision-making-by-a-health-promotion-programme-experiences-of-persons-ageing-in-the-context-of-migration
#14
Emmelie Barenfeld, Susanne Gustafsson, Lars Wallin, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
This study is part of the Promoting Aging Migrants' Capabilities programme that applied person-centred group meetings and one individual home visit to prolong independence in daily activities among people ≥70 years who had migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Western Balkan region. With the purpose to understand programme outcomes, the study aimed to explore the participants' everyday experiences of using health-promoting messages exchanged during the programme. Using a grounded theory approach, 12 persons aged 70-83 years were interviewed six months to one year after their participation in the programme...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637467/imported-plasmodium-falciparum-and-locally-transmitted-plasmodium-vivax-cross-border-malaria-transmission-scenario-in-northwestern-thailand
#15
Patchara Sriwichai, Stephan Karl, Yudthana Samung, Kirakorn Kiattibutr, Jeeraphat Sirichaisinthop, Ivo Mueller, Liwang Cui, Jetsumon Sattabongkot
BACKGROUND: Cross-border malaria transmission is an important problem for national malaria control programmes. The epidemiology of cross-border malaria is further complicated in areas where Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are both endemic. By combining passive case detection data with entomological data, a transmission scenario on the northwestern Thai-Myanmar border where P. falciparum is likely driven by importation was described, whereas P. vivax is also locally transmitted...
June 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636462/are-commercial-complementary-food-distributions-to-refugees-and-migrants-in-europe-conforming-to-international-policies-and-guidelines-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies
#16
Melissa Ann Theurich, Veit Grote
In 2015, more than one million migrants and refugees arrived in Europe. Commercial complementary foods, processed foods marketed for infants and young children 6-23 months of age, were distributed by various humanitarian actors along migrant routes and in European refugee camps. Unsolicited donations and distributions of commercial complementary food products were problematic and divergent from international policies on infant and young child feeding during humanitarian emergencies. Interim guidance regarding commercial complementary foods was published during the peak of the emergency but implemented differently by various humanitarian actors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635136/knockdown-of-tor-causing-ovarian-diapause-in-a-genetically-stable-brachypterous-strain-of-nilaparvata-lugens
#17
Fangzhou Liu, Kaiyin Li, Wanlun Cai, Jing Zhao, Yulan Zou, Hongxia Hua
Brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), is one of the most damaging pests of rice crops. BPH is a migratory insect with a delayed ovarian development in migrants classified as reproductive diapause. The molecular mechanism of reproductive diapause remains unclear, although we suspect it might be regulated by one or more nutrient signaling pathways. The target of rapamycin (TOR) pathway regulates cell growth in response to nutritional information, which raised a hypothesis that TOR mediates BPH reproductive diapause...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633700/trends-in-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-after-the-implementation-of-the-dots-strategy-in-shenzhen-china-2000-2013
#18
L Zhu, Y-Z Yang, H-Y Guan, S-M Cheng, Y-Y Jin, W-G Tan, Q-F Wu, X-L Liu, M-G Zhao, Z-H Lu, Z-W Jia
SETTING: The DOTS strategy has been regarded as the most cost-effective way to stop the spread of tuberculosis (TB) since its launch by the World Health Organization. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of DOTS by tracking long-term trends in multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2000 to 2013 to analyse trends in resistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs and the effect of DOTS-based treatment in Shenzhen, China, using the χ2 test...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633699/migration-histories-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-from-the-thailand-myanmar-border-2012-2014
#19
S S Thi, D M Parker, L L Swe, S Pukrittayakamee, C L Ling, K Amornpaisarnloet, M Vincenti-Delmas, F H Nosten
SETTING: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a growing public health threat in South-East Asia. TB is typically a disease of poverty and can be spread by infectious humans who migrate from one region to another. DESIGN: We interviewed 20 MDR-TB patients on the Thailand-Myanmar border with regard to their migration histories. Migration origins and destinations were mapped. RESULTS: All but one participant had a history of migration, and maps of migration ranges revealed wide geographic dispersal...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633697/capacity-strengthening-through-pre-migration-tuberculosis-screening-programmes-irhwg-experiences
#20
P Douglas, D L Posey, D Zenner, J Robson, I Abubakar, G Giovinazzo
Effective tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care for migrants requires population health-based approaches that treat the relationship between migration and health as a progressive, interactive process influenced by many variables and addressed as far upstream in the process as possible. By including capacity building in source countries, pre-migration medical screening has the potential to become an integral component of public health promotion, as well as infection and disease prevention, in migrant-receiving nations, while simultaneously increasing capabilities in countries of origin...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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