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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#1
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318842/ethnic-density-urbanicity-and-psychosis-risk-for-migrant-groups-a-population-cohort-study
#2
Peter Schofield, Malene Thygesen, Jay Das-Munshi, Laia Becares, Elizabeth Cantor-Graae, Carsten Pedersen, Esben Agerbo
BACKGROUND: Rates of psychotic disorder are raised for many migrant groups. Understanding the role played by the social context in which they live may help explain why. This study investigates the effect of both neighbourhood ethnic density and urbanicity on the incidence of non-affective psychosis for migrant groups. METHOD: Population based cohort of all those born 1965 or later followed from their 15th birthday (2,224,464 people) to 1st July 2013 (37,335,812 person years)...
March 15, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316348/new-skills-new-jobs-return-migration-skill-transfers-and-business-formation-in-mexico
#3
Jacqueline Maria Hagan, Joshua Wassink
Numerous studies have documented a high propensity for self-employment and business formation among return migrants relative to non-migrants. The literature points to the importance of remitted savings, migration duration, and number and types of jobs abroad for business formation upon return. Implicit in this scholarship is the assumption that migrants acquire not only financial capital, but also human capital, which expands their opportunities upon return. Empirical work has demonstrated how the transfer of formal human capital, such as language skills and professional credentials, influences the mobility pathways of professional return migrants...
November 2016: Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316119/animal-tracking-meets-migration-genomics-transcriptomic-analysis-of-a-partially-migratory-bird-species
#4
Paolo Franchini, Iker Irisarri, Adam Fudickar, Andreas Schmidt, Axel Meyer, Martin Wikelski, Jesko Partecke
Seasonal migration is a widespread phenomenon, which is found in many different lineages of animals. This spectacular behaviour allows animals to avoid seasonally adverse environmental conditions to exploit more favourable habitats. Migration has been intensively studied in birds, which display astonishing variation in migration strategies, thus providing a powerful system for studying the ecological and evolutionary processes that shape migratory behaviour. Despite intensive research, the genetic basis of migration remains largely unknown...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314982/time-trends-of-cause-specific-mortality-among-resettlers-in-germany-1990-through-2009
#5
Simone Kaucher, Valentina Leier, Andreas Deckert, Bernd Holleczek, Christa Meisinger, Volker Winkler, Heiko Becher
Resettlers (in German: (Spät-)Aussiedler) form one of the biggest migrant groups in Germany. It is known that migrants have different mortality patterns compared to the autochthon population. In this paper, we combined data from three resettler cohorts and examined differences in mortality from non-communicable diseases among resettlers in Germany and the German population. Furthermore, we investigated time trends of cause-specific mortality for 20 years of follow-up and compared it with the German mortality rates...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303312/neutral-evolution-and-dispersal-limitation-produce-biogeographic-patterns-in-microcystis-aeruginosa-populations-of-lake-systems
#6
Sahar Shirani, Ferdi L Hellweger
Molecular observations reveal substantial biogeographic patterns of cyanobacteria within systems of connected lakes. An important question is the relative role of environmental selection and neutral processes in the biogeography of these systems. Here, we quantify the effect of genetic drift and dispersal limitation by simulating individual cyanobacteria cells using an agent-based model (ABM). In the model, cells grow (divide), die, and migrate between lakes. Each cell has a full genome that is subject to neutral mutation (i...
March 16, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301541/contextual-explanations-for-numeracy-and-literacy-skill-disparities-between-native-and-foreign-born-adults-in-western-countries
#7
Mark Levels, Jaap Dronkers, Christopher Jencks
Using new direct measures of numeracy and literacy skills among 85,875 adults in 17 Western countries, we find that foreign-born adults have lower mean skills than native-born adults of the same age (16 to 64) in all of the examined countries. The gaps are small, and vary substantially between countries. Multilevel models reveal that immigrant populations' demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, employment, and language proficiency explain about half of the cross-national variance of numeracy and literacy skills gaps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301463/increasing-prevalence-of-genitourinary-schistosomiasis-in-europe-in-the-migrant-era-neglected-no-more
#8
Niccolò Riccardi, Francesca Nosenzo, Francesca Peraldo, Francesca Sarocchi, Lucia Taramasso, Paolo Traverso, Claudio Viscoli, Antonio Di Biagio, Lorenzo E Derchi, Andrea De Maria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300492/recent-im-migration-to-canada-linked-to-unmet-health-needs-among-sex-workers-in-vancouver-canada-findings-of-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Julie Sou, Shira M Goldenberg, Putu Duff, Paul Nguyen, Jean Shoveller, Kate Shannon
Despite universal health care in Canada, sex workers (SWs) and im/migrants experience suboptimal health care access. In this analysis, we examined the correlates of unmet health needs among SWs in Metro Vancouver over time. Data from a longitudinal cohort of women SWs (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access [AESHA]) were used. Of 742 SWs, 25.5% reported unmet health needs at least once over the 4-year study period. In multivariable logistic regression using generalized estimating equations, recent im/migration had the strongest impact on unmet health needs; long-term im/migration, policing, and trauma were also important determinants...
March 16, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299535/the-self-in-movement-being-identified-and-identifying-oneself-in-the-process-of-migration-and-asylum-seeking
#10
Meike Watzlawik, Ignacio Brescó de Luna
How migration influences the processes of identity development has been under longstanding scrutiny in the social sciences. Usually, stage models have been suggested, and different strategies for acculturation (e.g., integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization) have been considered as ways to make sense of the psychological transformations of migrants as a group. On an individual level, however, identity development is a more complex endeavor: Identity does not just develop by itself, but is constructed as an ongoing process...
March 15, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299428/the-avian-hippocampus-and-the-hypothetical-maps-used-by-navigating-migratory-birds-with-some-reflection-on-compasses-and-migratory-restlessness
#11
Verner P Bingman, Scott A MacDougall-Shackleton
The homology between the avian hippocampal formation (HF) and mammalian hippocampus nurtures the expectation that HF plays a fundamental role in navigation by migratory birds. Indeed, HF of migratory birds displays anatomical properties that differ from non-migratory species. Using a hypothetical framework of multiple maps of differing spatial resolution and range, homing pigeon data suggest that HF is important for navigating by landscape features near familiar breeding, over-wintering, and stop-over sites...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298368/building-a-new-life-in-australia-an-analysis-of-the-first-wave-of-the-longitudinal-study-of-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-to-assess-the-association-between-social-integration-and-self-rated-health
#12
Wen Chen, Li Ling, Andre M N Renzaho
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between social integration and physical and mental health among humanitarian migrants (HMs) in Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used the recently released first wave of data from the 2013 'Building a New Life in Australia' survey, which is an ongoing nationwide longitudinal study. A total of 2399 HMs participated in the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-rated physical health was measured using four items selected from the SF-36 which is a generic measure of health status...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298223/migration-to-middle-income-countries-and-tuberculosis-global-policies-for-global-economies
#13
Julia Moreira Pescarini, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, M Gabriela M Gomes, Eliseu Alves Waldman
BACKGROUND: International migration to middle-income countries is increasing and its health consequences, in particular increasing transmission rates of tuberculosis (TB), deserve consideration. Migration and TB are a matter of concern in high-income countries and targeted screening of migrants for active and latent TB infection is a main strategy to manage risk and minimize transmission. In this paper, we discuss some aspects of TB control and migration in the context of middle-income countries, together with the prospect of responding with equitable and comprehensive policies...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296887/migrant-women-s-experiences-meanings-and-ways-of-dealing-with-postnatal-depression-a-meta-ethnographic-study
#14
Virginia Schmied, Emma Black, Norell Naidoo, Hannah G Dahlen, Pranee Liamputtong
AIM: To conduct a meta-ethnographic study of the experiences, meanings and ways of 'dealing with' symptoms or a diagnosis of postnatal depression amongst migrant women living in high income countries. BACKGROUND: Prevalence of postnatal depression is highest amongst women who are migrants. Yet many women do not seek help for their symptoms and health services do not always respond appropriately to migrant women's needs. Studies have reported migrant women's experiences of postnatal depression and it is timely to synthesise findings from these studies to understand how services can be improved...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296799/empirical-validation-of-the-unaids-spectrum-model-for-subnational-hiv-estimates-case-study-of-children-and-adults-in-manicaland-zimbabwe
#15
Romain Silhol, Simon Gregson, Constance Nyamukapa, Mutsa Mhangara, Janet Dzangare, Elizabeth Gonese, Jeffrey W Eaton, Kelsey K Case, Mary Mahy, John Stover, Owen Mugurungi
BACKGROUND: More cost-effective HIV control may be achieved by targeting geographical areas with high infection rates. The AIDS Impact model of Spectrum - used routinely to produce national HIV estimates - could provide the required subnational estimates but is rarely validated with empirical data, even at a national level. DESIGN: The validity of the Spectrum model estimates were compared with empirical estimates. METHODS: Antenatal surveillance and population survey data from a population HIV cohort study in Manicaland, East Zimbabwe, were input into Spectrum 5...
April 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295932/potential-for-an-arctic-breeding-migratory-bird-to-adjust-spring-migration-phenology-to-arctic-amplification
#16
Thomas K Lameris, Ilse Scholten, Silke Bauer, Marleen M P Cobben, Bruno J Ens, Bart A Nolet
Arctic amplification, the accelerated climate warming in the polar regions, is causing a more rapid advancement of the onset of spring in the Arctic than in temperate regions. Consequently, the arrival of many migratory birds in the Arctic is thought to become increasingly mismatched with the onset of local spring, consequently reducing individual fitness and potentially even population levels. We used a dynamic state variable model to study whether Arctic long-distance migrants can advance their migratory schedules under climate warming scenarios which include Arctic amplification, and whether such an advancement is constrained by fuel accumulation or the ability to anticipate climatic changes...
March 13, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293898/the-negative-impact-of-an-uncertain-residence-status-analysis-of-migration-related-stressors-in-outpatients-with-turkish-migration-background-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-germany-over-a-10-year-period-2005-2014
#17
Matthias J Müller, Sabrina Zink, Eckhardt Koch
Several studies indicate that immigration is associated with a higher risk for mental disorders, particularly in refugees and asylum seekers. We investigated migration-related distress in outpatients with Turkish migration background and a psychiatric disorder. Asylum applicants (ASA) and migrants with a permanent residency status (PRS) from a specialized German psychiatric outpatient service were compared with respect to clinical variables and stressors related to migration and acculturation. Of n = 620 migrant outpatients (main diagnosis: 3...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293791/pregnant-women-s-awareness-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-pelvic-floor-muscles-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Anne-Marie Hill, Steven M McPhail, Judith M Wilson, Richard G Berlach
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pregnant women benefit from completing pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFMEs). The aims of the study were to evaluate pregnant women's levels of awareness, knowledge, and beliefs about the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) and PFMEs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Respondents were pregnant women over the age of 18 years who attended antenatal clinics in Western Australia (WA). Questionnaire items measured awareness and knowledge about PFMs, confidence and beliefs about engaging in PFMEs, and attendance at antenatal education (ANE) classes...
March 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292208/herbal-medicines-for-diabetes-control-among-indian-and-pakistani-migrants-with-diabetes
#19
Tania Porqueddu
Drawing on data collected during a 16-month ethnographic investigation, this paper explores practices around Indians' and Pakistanis' use of herbal medications for diabetes control. The ethnographic study was conducted among Indian and Pakistani migrants in Edinburgh, Scotland and included extended participant observation, six group discussions and 21 semi-structured interviews. Respondents showed great resistance in adhering to medication prescriptions for diabetes control due to their various side effects, especially within the stomach...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291721/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-uptake-of-tuberculosis-diagnostic-and-treatment-services-by-hard-to-reach-populations-in-countries-of-low-and-medium-tuberculosis-incidence-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#20
REVIEW
Sophia G de Vries, Anne L Cremers, Charlotte C Heuvelings, Patrick F Greve, Benjamin J Visser, Sabine Bélard, Saskia Janssen, René Spijker, Beth Shaw, Ruaraidh A Hill, Alimuddin Zumla, Marieke J van der Werf, Andreas Sandgren, Martin P Grobusch
Tuberculosis disproportionately affects hard-to-reach populations, such as homeless people, migrants, refugees, prisoners, or drug users. These people often face challenges in accessing quality health care. We did a systematic review of the qualitative literature to identify barriers and facilitators to the uptake of tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services by people from hard-to-reach populations in all European Union (EU), European Economic Area, EU candidate, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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