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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944686/remission-of-chronic-headache-rates-potential-predictors-and-the-role-of-medication-follow-up-results-of-the-german-headache-consortium-ghc-study
#1
Verena Henning, Zaza Katsarava, Mark Obermann, Susanne Moebus, Sara Schramm
Objectives To estimate remission rates of chronic headache (CH), focusing on potential predictors of headache remission and medication. Methods We used data from the longitudinal population-based German Headache Consortium (GHC) Study (n = 9,944, 18-65 years). Validated questionnaires were used at baseline (t0, 2003-2007, response rate: 55.2%), first follow-up after 1.87 ± 0.39 years (t1, 37.2%) and second follow-up after 3.26 ± 0.60 years (t2, 38.8%) to assess headache type and frequency, use of analgesics and anti-migraine drugs, medication overuse, education, BMI, smoking and alcohol consumption...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944683/-thoracic-migraine-as-a-new-manifestation-of-migraine-case-report
#2
Torsten Kraya, Stephan Mages, Stephan Zierz
Background and objectives Abdominal pain is a well-known headache-associated symptom in migraine in children, but rarely in adults. We describe a case of a female patient with typical accompanying migraine symptoms without headache but with thoracic pain. Case report The present case of a 41 year-old-woman shows recurrent attacks with thoracic pain and typical accompanying migraine symptoms but without headache. Symptoms resolved upon treatment with triptans and beta blockers. Discussion This case might be interpreted as "thoracic migraine", and extends the spectrum of migraine forms...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944680/chronotypes-and-circadian-timing-in-migraine
#3
Wpj van Oosterhout, Ejw van Someren, G G Schoonman, M A Louter, G J Lammers, M D Ferrari, G M Terwindt
Background It has been suggested that migraine attacks strike according to circadian patterns and that this might be related to individual chronotype. Here we evaluated and correlated individual chronotypes, stability of the circadian rhythm, and circadian attack timing in a large and well-characterised migraine population. Methods In 2875 migraine patients and 200 non-headache controls we assessed differences in: (i) distribution of chronotypes (Münich Chronotype Questionnaire); (ii) the circadian rhythm's amplitude and stability (Circadian Type Inventory); and (iii) circadian timing of migraine attacks...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944469/probing-early-motion-processing-with-eye-movements-differences-of-vestibular-migraine-migraine-with-and-without-aura-in-the-attack-free-interval
#4
S Rogalinski, H A Rambold
BACKGROUND: Migraineurs, in between headache attacks, have a different sensitivity to sensory motion stimuli compared to non-migraineurs. METHODS: This cross-sectional laboratory study examines the motion processing in migraineurs using ocular following responses (OFR) elicited by large field random dot patterns and open-loop smooth pursuit eye movements (PS) elicited by a single target moving on a homogenous background. Eye movements were recorded with a video-oculographic system (EyeSeeTec(®) ) and stimuli presented on a CRT at 100 Hz repetition rate to horizontal stimuli of a velocity of 2...
September 25, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942578/intranasal-sumatriptan-for-acute-migraine-attacks-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Amr Menshawy, Hussien Ahmed, Ammar Ismail, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Esraa Ghanem, Ravikishore Pallanti, Ahmed Negida
We performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of intranasal sumatriptan, a selective serotonin agonist, compared to placebo or other migraine therapeutics for the treatment of acute migraine attacks. We searched PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Data were extracted from eligible studies and pooled as risk ratios (RR), using RevMan software. We performed subgroup and meta-regression analyses for different doses and treatment endpoints...
September 23, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942007/opportunity-and-challenges-of-nasal-powders-drug-formulation-and-delivery
#6
Laura Tiozzo Fasiolo, Michele Dario Manniello, Elena Tratta, Francesca Buttini, Alessandra Rossi, Fabio Sonvico, Fabrizio Bortolotti, Paola Russo, Gaia Colombo
In the field of nasal drug delivery, among the preparations defined by the European Pharmacopoeia, nasal powders facilitate the formulation of poorly water-soluble active compounds. They often display a simple composition in excipients (if any), allowing for the administration of larger drug doses and enhance drug diffusion and absorption across the mucosa, improving bioavailability compared to nasal liquids. Despite the positive features, however, nasal products in this form still struggle to enter the market: the few available on the market are Onzetra Xsail® (sumatriptan) for migraine relief and, for the treatment of rhinitis, Rhinocort® Turbuhaler® (budesonide), Rhinocort® Puvlizer (beclomethasone dipropionate) and Erizas® (dexamethasone cipecilate)...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940352/fibromyalgia-among-patients-with-chronic-migraine-and-chronic-tension-type-headache-a-multicenter-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#7
Soo-Jin Cho, Jong-Hee Sohn, Jong Seok Bae, Min Kyung Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency and impact of fibromyalgia among patients with chronic migraine (CM) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common comorbidity in patients with chronic headaches. CM and CTTH are the two common types of chronic headaches. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in neurology outpatient clinics of four university hospitals and selected first-visit 136 patients with CM and 35 patients with CTTH...
September 22, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940251/evaluation-of-retinal-nerve-fibre-layer-ganglion-cell-layer-and-choroidal-thickness-with-optical-coherence-tomography-in-migraine-patients-a-case-control-study
#8
Aygül Gunes, Ayse Sevgi Karadag, Serpil Yazgan, Haci Ugur Celik, Ali Simsek
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL) and choroidal thickness (CT) with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in chronic migraine patients, to compare with healthy controls. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Ninety-four eyes of 47 chronic migraine patients (Group 1) and 68 eyes of 34 healthy individuals (Group 2) were included in this prospective case-control study. The right and left eyes were separately evaluated. Mean peripapillary RNFL thicknesses, mean GCL measured from superior and inferior quadrants, and mean CT were measured at three different regions (central, 500 μm nasal and temporal region of the fovea)...
September 20, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939471/headache
#9
REVIEW
Paul Rizzoli, William J Mullally
Headache, an almost universal human experience, is one of the most common complaints encountered in medicine and neurology. Described and categorized since antiquity, with the first classification by Aretaeus of Cappadocia, other classifications followed. The evaluation of this condition may be straightforward or challenging, and, though often benign, headache may prove to be an ominous symptom. This review discusses the current diagnosis and classification of headache disorders and principles of management, with a focus on migraine, tension-type headache, trigeminal autonomic cephalgias and various types of daily headache...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933107/-research-progress-of-chemical-constituents-and-pharmacological-activities-of-essential-oil-of-ligusticum-chuanxiong
#10
REVIEW
Jing-Chang Du, Xiao-Fang Xie, Liang Xiong, Chen Sun, Cheng Peng
Essential oil is the low polar and volatile components distilled or extracted from Ligusticum chuanxiong, the dry root of perennial herb L. chuanxiong, which has proven to be one of the main biological active ingredients of L. chuanxiong. Studies suggested that essential oil of L. chuanxiong mainly contains phthalide, terpene alcohols and fatty acids compounds. Different regions or varied extraction technology had influences on the type and contents of compound in essential oil of L. chuanxiong and the total yield efficiency of essential oil, while the differences among the distribution of compounds leads to the variant pharmacological function of essential oil of L...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932372/acupuncture-and-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-migraine-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Bahram Naderinabi, Alia Saberi, Masood Hashemi, Mohammad Haghighi, Gelareh Biazar, Farid Abolhasan Gharehdaghi, Abbas Sedighinejad, Tahereh Chavoshi
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common type of headache. Sometimes adequate pain relief is not achieved by conventional treatments. Acupuncture and botulinum toxin-A injection are known as non-pharmacological interventions for this purpose. The aim of this research was to compare the effect of acupuncture with botulinum toxin-A injection and pharmacological treatment in controlling chronic migraine. METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted on patients with chronic migraine in the North of Iran during 2014-2015...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
September 15, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931106/a-case-of-prethoracic-pain-radiating-upward-and-initiating-nervus-intermedius-neuralgia-and-migraine-headache-could-epicrania-fugax-pain-start-in-the-upper-body
#13
Yu Wang, Pei-Lin Kan, Yuan-Feng Tao, Xiao-Yan Li, Xiao-Juan Yang, Gui-Ling Liang
Epicrania fugax (EF) was recently classified as a primary headache in the Appendix of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, third edition (ICHD-III). It is characterized by a paroxysmal pain rapidly radiating forward or backward along a linear or zigzag trajectory on the surface of the head. This article reports a 76-year-old woman who newly developed a paroxysmal EF-type pain distributed not only in the territories of the trigeminal and occipital nerves, but also in the territories of the cervical and thoracic nerves...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929486/migraine-and-invasive-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii-and-the-women-s-health-study
#14
Megan S Rice, Pamela M Rist, Anke C Winter, Tobias Kurth, Shelley S Tworoger
Migraine is a common primary headache disorder, which predominantly impacts women. Recently, migraine has been hypothesized to be associated with hormonally related cancers; however the potential association between migraine and ovarian cancer has not been studied. Therefore, we evaluated the association between migraine and invasive epithelial ovarian cancer risk in two prospective cohorts, the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) and the Women's Health Study (WHS). Our prospective analysis included 113,124 NHSII participants aged 25-42 at study baseline as well as 33,490 participants in the WHS who were 45 years or older at study entry...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929040/cardiovascular-dysfunction-presenting-as-autonomic-dysreflexia-in-a-patient-with-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Ahmed H Qavi, Salman Assad, Wardha Shabbir, Maryam Kundi, Maham Habib, Sumbal Babar, Mehr Zahid
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is a medical emergency that is characterized by hypertension as an autonomic response to noxious stimuli in patients with a history of spinal cord injury at the level of T6 or above. We present the case of a 31-year-old Caucasian male with a history of spinal cord injury at the level of C3-C4, with symptoms described as recurring episodes of hypertension with flushing and sweating above the level of the lesion for the past five to six years. His symptoms are triggered by bowel distention, excitement, a bumpy car ride, or a simple turning of the neck to the left...
July 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926853/daily-scheduled-opioids-as-monotherapy-for-prevention-of-migraine-triggered-epilepsy
#16
Iraj Derakhshan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926506/family-perspectives-on-visiting-the-pediatric-emergency-department-for-migraine-a-qualitative-study
#17
Serena Laura Orr, Liam OʼSullivan, Roger Zemek, Natalie M Ward, Hugh J McMillan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of families regarding their expectations and experience of visiting the emergency department (ED) for migraine. METHODS: This was a qualitative study involving the families of 25 patients aged 10 to 18 years receiving ED care for acute migraine. Following their visit, independent semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with both the patient and parent or guardian. Questions were designed to explore factors pertaining to the family's perspective regarding their visit to the ED and expectations for the ED visit...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925885/spreading-depolarization-waves-in-neurological-diseases-a-short-review-about-its-pathophysiology-and-clinical-relevance
#18
Yağmur Çetin Taş, İhsan Solaroğlu, Yasemin Gürsoy-Özdemir
Lesion growth following acutely injured brain tissue after stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury is an important issue and a new target area for promising therapeutic interventions. Spreading depolarization or peri-lesion depolarization waves were demonstrated as one of the significant contributors of continued lesion growth. In this short review, we discuss the pathophysiology for SD forming events and try to list findings detected in neurological disorders like migraine, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury in both human as well as experimental studies...
September 15, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925498/electronic-diary-for-recording-headaches-triggers-and-medication-use-development-and-evaluation
#19
Siavash Bandarian-Balooch, Paul R Martin, Brenton McNally, Arissa Brunelli, Sharon Mackenzie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an e-diary developed for measuring headaches, triggers, and medication consumption, in terms of reliability and validity, and variables such as ease of use and participant compliance. BACKGROUND: For many decades, behavioral treatment of headaches has been evaluated via participants completing paper diaries recording their headaches and associated phenomena. There is some limited evidence supporting the reliability and validity of paper diaries, and criticisms have been offered such as the large amount of effort involved for both participants and researchers...
September 19, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924127/recurrent-painful-ophthalmoplegic-neuropathy-with-residual-mydriasis-in-an-adult-should-it-be-classified-as-ophthalmoplegic-migraine
#20
Yuya Kobayashi, Yasufumi Kondo, Kana Uchibori, Jun Tsuyuzaki
Recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy (RPON) is a rare condition that manifests as headache and ophthalmoplegia. It typically occurs in children. Although migraine or neuropathy have been suggested as etiologies, the precise etiology remains unclear. In the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition-beta version (ICHD3β) (code 13.9), RPON was categorized into painful cranial neuropathies and other facial pains. We encountered a 48-year-old woman who had diplopia and right ptosis...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
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