Read by QxMD icon Read

Cardiology, Echocardiography, Interventional Cardiology, Cardiac surgery

Chenghao Chen, Xiaofeng Li, Na Zhang, Jie Yu, Dong Yan, Changqi Xu, Qi Zeng, Zhongzhi Li
PURPOSE: In Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum (PE) after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD), retrosternal adhesion may increase the risk of cardiac injury. This study aimed to explore different Nuss procedures and their implications for reducing the incidence of serious complications and improving surgical safety. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 49 cases (29 male and 20 female) of Nuss procedures for PE after surgery for CHD that were performed between April 2003 and December 2016...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Mary T Donofrio
Advances in prenatal imaging have improved the examination of the fetal cardiovascular system. Fetal echocardiography facilitates the prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) and through sequential examination, allows assessment of fetal cardiac hemodynamics, predicting the evolution of anatomical and functional cardiovascular abnormalities in utero and during the transition to a postnatal circulation at delivery. This approach allows detailed diagnosis with prenatal counseling and enables planning to define perinatal management, selecting the fetuses at a risk of postnatal hemodynamic instability who are likely to require a specialized delivery plan...
May 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Zorana Mrsic, Scott P Hopkins, Jared L Antevil, Philip S Mullenix
This article outlines the diagnosis and management of commonly occurring valvular heart diseases for the primary care provider. Basic understanding of pathologic murmurs is important for appropriate referral. Echocardiography is the gold standard for diagnosis and severity grading. Patients with progressive valvular heart disease should be followed annually by cardiology and imaging should be performed based on the severity of valvular dysfunction. Surgery or intervention is recommended only when symptoms dictate or when changes in left ventricular function occur...
March 2018: Primary Care
Ekanem N Ekure, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Wilson E Sadoh, Adeola A Orogade, Barbara E Otaigbe, Fortune Ujunwa, Usman M Sani, Mustafa Asani, Adeola B Animasahun, Oluwatoyin O Ogunkunle
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are common birth defects with significant impact on morbidity and mortality. We aimed to compare regional patterns of CHDs in Nigeria using a registry-based approach. METHODS: Children with echocardiography-confirmed CHDs at 17 medical centers across the country were enrolled in a pilot National Pediatric Cardiac Registry from January to December 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,296 children (52.9% male; median age 0...
November 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Seong-Ho Kim
During the last 10 years, there have been major technological achievements in pediatric interventional cardiology. In addition, there have been several advances in cardiac imaging, especially in 3-dimensional imaging of echocardiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and cineangiography. Therefore, more types of congenital heart diseases can be treated in the cardiac catheter laboratory today than ever before. Furthermore, lesions previously considered resistant to interventional therapies can now be managed with high success rates...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Felicia Nordenstam, Sven-Erik Sonesson
Fetal Cardiology. Experiences from a tertiary referral centre in Stockholm, Sweden This review provides a brief overview of the current position and clinical experiences of fetal cardiology at a tertiary referral centre in Stockholm, Sweden. In Stockholm, more than 60% of congenital cardiac defects requiring surgery or catheter intervention before one year of age are detected before birth. This not only results in termination of pregnancy in the majority of cases carrying a poor prognosis, but also conveys a better postnatal care and prognosis in cases of continued pregnancy...
August 29, 2017: Läkartidningen
Ahmed Samir Barakat, Tamer Owais, Mohamed Alhashash, Mootaz Shousha, Hesham El Saghir, Bernward Lauer, Heinrich Boehm
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With more cement augmentation procedures done, the occurrence of serious complications is also expected to rise. Symptomatic central cement embolization is a rare but very serious complication. Moreover, the pathophysiology and treatment of intrathoracic cement embolism remain controversial. PURPOSE: In this case series, we are trying to identify various presentations and suggest our emergent management scheme for symptomatic central cement embolization...
August 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
Mahmoud Abu Abeeleh, Suhayl Saleh, Emad Alhaddad, Moaath Alsmady, Musa Alshehabat, Zuhair Bani Ismail, Islam Massad, Amjad Bani Hani, Sami Abu Halaweh
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this retrospective study were to characterize the clinical presentation, diagnostic findings, surgical approaches, intra-operative challenges and complications following the surgical treatment of cardiac myxoma in two of the largest referral hospitals in Jordan. METHODS: Medical records of all patients presented to the cardiology department during the period between 1984 and 2016 were reviewed. Criteria for inclusion in the study were: (1) patients who were presented for cardiac evaluation due to symptoms suggestive of a primary cardiac problem, (2) completed medical records, including results of echocardiography suggestive of intra-cardiac occupying mass, (3) the surgical operation was undertaken and intra-operative data was available, (4) a histological diagnosis of myxoma was available and (5) the discharge status and follow-up data were available for at least 2 years after initial surgery...
November 2017: Perfusion
Simona Celi, Nicola Martini, Luigi Emilio Pastormerlo, Vincenzo Positano, Sergio Berti
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, interventional cardiology has received fast and wide implementation as an effective alternative treatment to surgery for several congenital and acquired diseases. In this scenario, imaging provides solutions for most clinical needs, from diagnosis to prognosis and risk stratification, as well as anatomical and functional assessment. METHODS: In this review article, we present recent innovations in medical imaging for structural heart disease and coronary artery disease, emphasizing the progress achieved in the field of multimodality imaging and the solutions proposed to some as-yet unresolved technical problems for safe and effective procedural performance...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
M W Groot, A Spronk, S E Hoeks, R J Stolker, F van Lier
BACKGROUND: The cardiologist is regularly consulted preoperatively by anaesthesiologists. However, insights into the efficiency and usefulness of these consultations are unclear. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 24,174 preoperatively screened patients ≥18 years scheduled for elective non-cardiac surgery, which resulted in 273 (1%) referrals to the cardiologist for further preoperative evaluation. Medical charts were reviewed for patient characteristics, main reason for referring, requested diagnostic tests, interventions, adjustment in medical therapy, 30-day mortality and major adverse cardiac events...
November 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
M Słodki, M Respondek-Liberska, J D Pruetz, M T Donofrio
Infants born with congenital heart disease (CHD) may require emergent treatment in the newborn period. These infants are likely to benefit the most from a prenatal diagnosis, which allows for optimal perinatal planning. Several cardiac centers have created guidelines for the management of these high-risk patients with CHD. This paper will review and compare several prenatal CHD classification systems with a particular focus on the most critical forms of CHD in the fetus and newborn. A contemporary definition of critical CHD is one which requires urgent intervention in the first 24 h of life to prevent death...
August 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Andrea Rognoni, Anna Degiovanni, Chiara Cavallino, Alessandro Lupi, Roberta Rosso, Alessia Veia, Francesco Rametta, Angelo Sante Bongo
Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is an uncommon disease observed in only 0.15-4.9% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. CAA are defined as dilated coronary artery sections exceeding by 1.5 times the diameter of normal adjacent segments or of the patient's largest coronary vessel. Occasionally, CAA enlarge enough to be called giant CAA. We report the case of a 78-year-old man, with known chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy and a history of prior coronary artery bypass surgery (with a left internal mammary artery graft to the left anterior descending coronary artery and saphenous venous graft to the obtuse marginal branch), who was referred to our cardiology department for progressive dyspnea...
April 2015: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Franciszek Grzegorczyk, Małgorzata Dybowska, Paweł Kuca, Cezary Czajka, Janusz Burakowski, Renata Langfort, Tadeusz Orłowski, Witold Tomkowski
A 29-year old man was admitted to the intensive care unit after losing consciousness. On physical examination, a loud systolic murmur over the heart was found. Echocardiography revealed narrowing of pulmonary artery with high pressure gradient. Computed tomography of the chest revealed the presence of large tumour localised in the upper anterior mediastinum. Due to the risk of total closure of the pulmonary artery, interventional mediastinotomy was performed and diagnosis of carcinoma embryonale was established...
2015: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Mario Carminati, Francesca R Pluchinotta, Luciane Piazza, Angelo Micheletti, Diana Negura, Massimo Chessa, Gianfranco Butera, Carmelo Arcidiacono, Antonio Saracino, Claudio Bussadori
Surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot is still one of the most frequently performed intervention in pediatric cardiac surgery, and in many cases, it is far from being a complete and definitive correction. It is rather an excellent palliation that solves the problem of cyanosis, but predisposes the patients to medical and surgical complications during follow-up. The decision-making process regarding the treatment of late sequel is among the most discussed topics in adult congenital cardiology. In post-operative Fallot patients, echocardiography is used as the first method of diagnostic imaging and currently allows both a qualitative observation of the anatomical alterations and a detailed quantification of right ventricular volumes and function, of the right ventricular outflow tract, and of the pulmonary valve and pulmonary arteries...
2015: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Malcolm E Richardson
In the last half-century, the outlook for children with heart disease has changed dramatically. Morphologists have transformed our understanding of heart defects. Improved imaging methods, such as echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, have made diagnostic cardiac catheterisation almost redundant. However, interventional catheterisation has flourished as transcatheter procedures have replaced surgery for many lesions. The ability to pharmacologically manipulate the duct has revolutionised the management of the sick neonate with major heart disease...
January 2015: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Mary T Donofrio, Anita J Moon-Grady, Lisa K Hornberger, Joshua A Copel, Mark S Sklansky, Alfred Abuhamad, Bettina F Cuneo, James C Huhta, Richard A Jonas, Anita Krishnan, Stephanie Lacey, Wesley Lee, Erik C Michelfelder, Gwen R Rempel, Norman H Silverman, Thomas L Spray, Janette F Strasburger, Wayne Tworetzky, Jack Rychik
BACKGROUND: The goal of this statement is to review available literature and to put forth a scientific statement on the current practice of fetal cardiac medicine, including the diagnosis and management of fetal cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A writing group appointed by the American Heart Association reviewed the available literature pertaining to topics relevant to fetal cardiac medicine, including the diagnosis of congenital heart disease and arrhythmias, assessment of cardiac function and the cardiovascular system, and available treatment options...
May 27, 2014: Circulation
R Dörr, J Stumpf, J Dalibor, G Simonis, S G Spitzer
Is coronary revascularization required in a patient with chronic stable coronary artery disease or can optimized medical therapy (OMT) alone be a sufficient alternative? This question has been controversially discussed for non-diabetics as well as for diabetics since the COURAGE and BARI 2D trials. According to our present knowledge, a patient will benefit from coronary revascularization only when either a non-invasive test method, such as single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial scintigraphy, stress echocardiography or stress nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, can detect relevant, objective evidence of ischemia >10% of the left ventricular myocardium or when a pathological fractional flow reserve (FFR) <0...
May 2014: Herz
Eftychia Demerouti, Evangelos Leontiadis, George Karatasakis, George Athanassopoulos, Spyridon Rammos, Gregory Pavlides
Paravalvular leak (PVL) represents a potential complication of valve replacement surgery. The 'gold standard' treatment for patients with severe prosthetic dysfunction, hemolysis or symptoms, is surgery. Reoperative valve surgery for such patients is related to high morbidity and mortality rate. The percutaneous closure of PVL is feasible and safe, when performed at experienced interventional cardiologic centers. Herein, the case is reported of a patient who showed a significant improvement in left ventricular systolic function after transcatheter closure of an aortic prosthetic PVL with an Amplatzer duct occluder II (ADO II)...
November 2013: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
Grace Ronan, Michael J Wolk, Steven R Bailey, John U Doherty, Pamela S Douglas, Robert C Hendel, Christopher M Kramer, James K Min, Manesh R Patel, Lisa Rosenbaum, Leslee J Shaw, Raymond F Stainback, Joseph M Allen, Ralph G Brindis, Christopher M Kramer, Leslee J Shaw, Manuel D Cerqueira, Jersey Chen, Larry S Dean, Reza Fazel, W Gregory Hundley, Dipti Itchhaporia, Paul Kligfield, Richard Lockwood, Joseph Edward Marine, Robert Benjamin McCully, Joseph V Messer, Patrick T O'Gara, Richard J Shemin, L Samuel Wann, John B Wong, Manesh R Patel, Christopher M Kramer, Steven R Bailey, Alan S Brown, John U Doherty, Pamela S Douglas, Robert C Hendel, Bruce D Lindsay, James K Min, Leslee J Shaw, Raymond F Stainback, L Samuel Wann, Michael J Wolk, Joseph M Allen
The American College of Cardiology Foundation along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an appropriate use review of common clinical presentations for stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) to consider use of stress testing and anatomic diagnostic procedures. This document reflects an updating of the prior Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) published for radionuclide imaging (RNI), stress echocardiography (Echo), calcium scoring, coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and invasive coronary angiography for SIHD...
February 2014: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Michael J Wolk, Steven R Bailey, John U Doherty, Pamela S Douglas, Robert C Hendel, Christopher M Kramer, James K Min, Manesh R Patel, Lisa Rosenbaum, Leslee J Shaw, Raymond F Stainback, Joseph M Allen
The American College of Cardiology Foundation along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an appropriate use review of common clinical presentations for stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) to consider use of stress testing and anatomic diagnostic procedures. This document reflects an updating of the prior Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) published for radionuclide imaging (RNI), stress echocardiography (Echo), calcium scoring, coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and invasive coronary angiography for SIHD...
February 4, 2014: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"